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engin eers jo urnal 



Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (U.S. 

,^YIY Oj!> 




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Tf JANUARY, 1871. 

Vol. 5. 


No. I. 





Locomotive Department of Railroads. 

Grand International Division,^ 



CuEyELANUO I IliHl ::'„.. !i...ll 

.^VIY Op 





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JANUARY, 1871. 




Locomotive Department of Railroads. 


Grand International Division,^ 




(lce-76 FranUort Street tetweei M and Seneca streets, ; 


TermSy $1 per Annnm — inyariably in advasce. 



!HHHnill!HriHi'!M ballou encr 



N'o. lOOO Hamilton Street, 






With Ball and Socket Bearings, and Doable Cone Vise Couplings, admitting 
of the easiest possible adjastment A complete assortment of PuLLEY and 
WHEEL PATTERNS, from which Castings or Finished Work will be f arniahed. 
Sole manufacturers and licensers for 





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Vol. 5. 

JANUARY, 1871 

No. I. 


Frismds and Bbothkrs : 

Another year, with iU yaried 
ehaoges, haa passed away, and left in 
its train the usual measure of joy and 
sorrow. While many have been 
stricken by sickness and death, others 
are permitted to enjoy the dawning of 
another New Year, to battle with the 
vicissitudes of life, and enjoy its pleas- 
ures, as well as meet its affliotions. 
Another year of growth to our Order 
has passed away, aud we would review 
the situation, and discover wherein it 
has been a profit, and also point out 
the way to renewed prosperity. Since 
the friends of progress have become 
convinced that the aim and object of 
the Locoinotive Engineers in banding 
together, was for a good purpose, aid 
has been extended, to promote the 
growth of the Order and the welfare 
of its member^. From a small band 
of half a dozen men who first started 
with the avowed intention of bettering 
the condition of the fraternity, thous- 
ands now fill the ranks, and all are 
aiding in their humble way to attain 
the object of the organization. From 
asQiali, unrecognized body of men, 
the growth has been such that when 
the delegates meet in annual session 
they are received by the highest offi- 
cials of a State, and made welcome to 
its capitolf and by municipal authori- 
ties to the city, and granted its privi- 
leges. From a small assembly of 

thirty-seven delegates assembled at 
Indianapolis in 1864, to council 
together for the common good, the 
session jnst held in Nashville, Tenn., 
in 1870, numbered 120 delegates. 
While in 1864, the Divisions numbered 
but about 60, now we have 123. Tlie 
steady rise and growth of the Order, 
under great difficulties, is a marvel to 
many, bMt when the benefits to be 
derived are taken into consideration, 
it will be seen that time only was re- 
quired to ensure its success. From an 
imperfect organization its progress has 
tended to a more perfect one, and from 
time to time additions have been made 
to the constitution that would ensure a 
better government, and aid in placing 
the members before the public in a 
proper light. Charitable provisions 
were made as occasion demonstrated 
they could be applied, and the Order 
stands to-day before the public, on its 
merits. The growth and progress of the 
Order is not entirely due to the mem- 
bers themselves. Poor, indeed, would 
be the efforts of any class of men, in 
any place, were they to rely entirely 
upon their own resources. It is from 
the enoouragement we have received 
from different classes of people, that 
we owe our present great prosperity. 
To the many friends of our Order, who 
have watched the rise and progress of 
the band of men who are endeavoring 
to elevate their 8tanding*and efficiency, 
we are under many obligations. Among 

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them are ministers, members of Con- 
gress, members of Legislataren, many 
of the managers of oar largest lines of 
railroads, and last, though not leaat, 
the ladies. The ministers show at the 
road in which to travel, to reaoh the 
desired home, when the toils of earth 
are over, and the teachings of whom 
have reached the hearte of many of the 
Order, and very^many good christian 
men are embraced within oar ranks. 

Legislation is open to ns, in both the 
National and 8tate Governments, and 
from an obsoare body of men, the 
Order is recognized as one of vital im- 
portance to the growth and prosperity 
of the coantry. Words of encourage- 
ment are given us by some of the best 
men in the land, and with a strict adhe* 
ranoe to our rules as hud down, we 
may safely assume that success is our& 
Many reforms have been effected in 
the Engineers of the country, and the 
tendency is upward in morals, and on- 
ward in professional ability. From 
the man who drank liquor to exoees, 
we can safely say, that, although too 
much indulgence is still given to 
whisky drinking, much improvement 
has been made, and we hope ere long 
the habit may be eradicated entirely 
from the Order. It does not require 
a man of large ideas to realize the fact 
that whisky drinking is the cause of 
nearly every failure, either of individ- 
uals or organizations. Perhaps there 
are but few men engaged on our rail- 
roads, as engineers, but what has at 
some time drank more or less whisky, 
but we do not believe there is a single 
one who has drank it, but what will 
say they are better off without it than 
with it, let alone the money it costs to 
buy it. When we can eijy of our Order 
we do not use liquor as a beverage, 
and have attaiaed that point in which 

we can say to an engineer, "you must 
Stop drinking or stop running an 
engine,*' then our success is certain. 
And we bdeire this will yet be the 
case, because our members are be- 
coming more alive to the matter, and 
when the members say to a Brother, 
we cannot keep you in our ranks any 
longer, and the companies are notified, 
they will not care to retain a man who 
is known to drink to excess. With the 
banishment of whisky drinking in our 
ranks, come rapidly the improveinent» 
which will make our Order what it» 
friends wish for it, the best organiza- 
tion for labor in the whole country. 

The matter of wages for running a 
locomotive has long been a subject of 
serious moment with the engineers, 
but if they will make the profeasioii 
what it should be, and what it can be, 
and this too, by their own elevation, 
then the compensation will be adequate 
No force, or open agitation need be 
made to obtain such pay as will be 
satisfactory. The higher the standard 
of morals, and efficiency attained by 
any class of men, the better the pay. 
This is the true plan to get a raise of 
pay, and it will be sure. Where wages 
are not satisfactory to the engineer, 
provided they have done their duty to 
themselves and their employers, no 
trouble will be found in adjusting it 
by a courteous request, on a fair repre- 
sentation, to the officials of the road, 
even going to the highest among thena 
if necessary. And when this plan is 
observed, no fear need be had thai 
their request will not be entertained, 
and if reasonable, granted. When con- 
fidence is established between the 
engineers and officials, any reasonable 
request can be obtained, if {solicited in 
a proper manner. 

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The enoouragement received from 
all tme friends of progress is very 
gratifying . Perhaps to no one medium 
are we more indebted than to oar 
JouBKAi«. From a small sixteen page 
book, devoted mostly to reports of the 
condition of the several Divisions, we 
have a book which has attained the 
large circulation of nearly 8000 copies, 
and its writers, are some of them, of 
marked ability. 

With this number we ask that all 
friends of the Order, and the members 
everywhere, will aid ns in making onr 
book still more desirable, and aid in 
its circolation, for in no better manner 
can the true principles of any Order 
be promulgated than through the press. 

If some plan could be devised to 
introdnce mechanical articles for the 
benefit of all parties, mueh more good 
would be accomplished, and a much 
larger circulation be obtained. To 
our printer we are under many obliga- 
tions for the tidy appearance of our 
monthly book. What steam is to the 
locomotive, the printer is to true civili- 
zation, and sad, indeed, would be the 
fate of the whole world were they 
deprived of the art. 

The charities of the fraternity have 
been taxed in ministering to the widow 
and fatherless, but in nothing that is 
done by the Order, is there shown so 
mueh willingness, and nothing which 
the Order does, that commends it to 
the public more strongly than their 
care of the afflicted. The widow and 
fatherleas have our warmest sympathy, 
and while they suffer in being deprived 
of those most dear, they should remem- 
ber that their affliction is imposed upon 
them for a wise purpose, and by Him 
who doeth all things well. With many 
thanks to friends, and with the hope 
that all may be spared for many seasouF, 
we wish you all a very Happy New 


Historical Reminiscences. 

Eighteen hundred men make a loco- 
motive engine in one day — boiler, cyl- 
inders, frame, driving-wheels, truck, 
stack, cab, pilot and tender complete— 
the speed of forty miles an hour and 
the power of a thousand tuns created 
in a day. 

On the 25th of April, 1831, a mina- 
ture locomotive engine, drawing two 
cars with seats for four persons, was 
set in motion on a track laid in the 
rooms of "Peale's Museum," in the 
city of Philadelphia. Great numbers of 
people, not onlyifromthe city, but from 
distant parts, visited the Museum to 
witness the performances of this won- 
derful machine. Previous to that date 
only three attempts had been made in 
the construction of locomotives by 
American mechanics. Two engines, the 
••Phoenix" and the "West Point," 
had been built at the West Point Foun- 
dry, in 1880, for the South Carolina 
Baihroad. and a third, the '*De Witt 
Clinton. " for the Mohawk and Hudson 
Railroad, was completed in the Spring 
of 1831. Two locomotive engines had 
been imported from England, one in 
18 i8, for the Carbondale and Hones- 
dale Railroad in Pennsylvania, and 
another for the Mohawk and Hudson 
Railroad, in 1830. The little engine 
amusing the visitors at Peale's Museum 
was the invention and work of Mr. 
Matthias W. Baldwin, then a skiUful 
and enterprising mechanic of Phila- 

In the foUowing yeaf Mr. Baldwin 
reoeived an order from the Qerman- 
town Railroad Company for the con- 
struction of a locomotive engine to run 
on their road. This was, at the time, 
a very formidable undertaking. Only 
one mechanic in America had yet suc- 
ceeded in erecting a locomotive that 
would draw more than its own weight 
on a horizontal track . Several unsuc- 
cessful attempts had been made, re- 
sulting in loss and discouragement to 
the experimenters. However, Mr. 
Baldwin had confidence in his ability 
to surmount all difficulties, and he 
agreed to build the engine. Without 
tools, patterns, or models, he entered 

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upon the work with only hu genius to 
guide him, and on the 23d of Novem- 
ber, six months after receiving the or- 
der, he placed the ''Ironsides*' on the 
road. Its success and sensation which 
it i>roduced are now matters of history. 
It is enough to say that it established 
a reputation for its builder that secured 
for him more work than the capacity 
of his shop could accommodate. Be« 
fore the close of 1834 he had complet- 
ed five engines. New ^shops were 
erected, and in 1835 fourteen locomo- 
tives were built; in 1836, forty, and in 
the next year forty-five. 

The Baldwin Locomotive Works are 
located on North Broad-st., Philadel- 
phia, and occupy the greater part of 
three blocks, from Pennsylvania-ave. to 
Spring Garden-st, an area of 340,000 
square feet. On the center of the 
Broad-st. front, stands the old shop, 
three stories in hight, erected by Mr. 
Baldwin in 1834. Here are the offices, 
btore-room, and drawing department, 
and also what is called the Hamilton-st. 
shops, including boiler shop, smith 
shop, brass foundrv, ''first, second, 
and third story machine shops," and 
pattern loft. South of this building is 
the Willow-st shop, where cylinders 
and frames are finished, and tanks, 
trucks, stacks and cabs are made. Ad- 
jdusent to this building ou the west is 
a brick building 266 feet long, 60 feet 
deep in the central part, and with two 
wings 108 feet deep at either end The 
central part of the building and the 
east wing are used for the iron foun- 
dry, where all tiie cast iron work used 
about a locomotive, except the truck 
wheels, is made. The west wing is 
used as a hammer shop. One large 
steam hammer, rated at five thousand 
pounds, is in constant use here, work- 
ing up scrap and bar iron into blooms 
from which the en^ne frames are made. 
On the north side, beyond Button- 
wood -st. , is the erecting shop, whither 
all parts tend, and whence complete lo- 
comotives emerge. Two large build- 
ings and a lot of ground, detached 
from the main establisihment, are em- 
ployed as a blacksmith shop, stable, 
and storage-room, not enumerated in 
the above. 

During the past twelve months two 
hundred and seventy one complete lo- 

comotives have been sent from this 
shop, as follows : In October. 1869, 22; 
in Novdmder, 26; in December, 22; in 
January, 1870, 21; in February, 21; in 
March, 21; in April 21; in May, 23; 
in June, 23; in July, 23; in August, 24; 
in September, 34. This is certainly a 
decided progress from the five engines 
tamed out by Mr. Baldwin in 1835. 
But the progress which has been made 
in the methods of construction, result- 
ing in increased efficiency, strength, 
speed, economy in fuel, and in repairs, 
is no less wonderful. The archives of 
the establishment, containing as they 
do communications covering a period 
of thirty-five years, and in the hand- 
writing of railroad managers, engi- 
neers, master mechanics, are not only 
a reflex of the general progress of rail- 
road practice, but bear strong testi- 
mony to the efficiency and durabiliiy 
and superior workmanship for which 
the Baldwin engine has achieved an 
enviable reputation. An acquaintance 
with the personnel of the firm will com- 
pel the conviction that this reputation 
18 well deserved. Mr. M. W. Baldwin 
conducted the business of locomotive 
building in person from 1881 to 1839. 
In 1839. he associated with himself 
Messrs. Vail and Hufty, and the busi- 
ness was conducted by the firm of 
Baldwin, Vail &Hnfty until 1811, when 
the latter withdrew, and Baldwin & 
Vail continued the copartnership un- 
til 1842. In that year Mr. Vail retired, 
and Mr. Asa Whitney, who had been 
superintendent of the Mohawk and 
Hudson Bailro td, became a partner of 
Mr. Baldwin unt^ 1846, when he retir- 
ed, to engage in the manufacture of 
car wheels, with which business he is 
still connected as a senior member of 
the firm of A. Whitney & Sons, Phila- 
delphia. From 1846 to 1854, Mr. Bald - 
win was sole proprietor of the e6tat>- 
lishment; and, in the latter year, Mat- 
thew Baird, a practical mechanic and 
successful manufacturer, who had been 
connected with the establishment since 
1836, joined Mr. Baldwin under the 
firm name of M. W. Baldwin & Co. 
In 1866, Mr. Baldwin died, and in the 
following year the business was re-or- 
ganized, and the{works designated tlie 
Baldwin Locomotive Works, Baird & 
Co. , proprietors. George Bumaxu 

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ftDd CharleB T. Panrj were admitted to 
the eoparinenbip; three years later* 
January, 1870, fSdward H. William8» 
William P. Henazey, and Edward Long- 
streth became memben of the firm. 
Here are nx, actiye, practical, experi- 
enced men, each in charge of a depart- 
ment, the operations of which he 
thoronghly understands. Mr. Baird, 
by reason of a lonff and inti- 
mate acquaintance with the trade, 
practical experience as a manafactnrer, 
wealth, and social position, rightfully 
is the head of the establishment, and 
is referred to in all matters of impor- 
tance, both in the production and sell- 
log of engines. Mr. Barnham has, 
since 1838, been in the counting-room; 
he is properly therefore, the financial 
manager, holds the keys of the vaults, 
looks after the bank account and takes 
care of the exchequer, which in an estab- 
lishment doing a business to the amount 
of three and a half million dollars an- 
naally, is by no means an ordinary re- 
sponsibilty. Mr. Parry, who began 
berrice here in 1836, now holds the 
general supervision of the works of 
the eighteen hundred men employed, 
of the condition and order of the shops, 
materiAb brought in, and manufac- 
tores sent out; no general of an army 
has his subordinates under more per- 
fect discipline, nor his supplies more 
punctually, precisely where needed, 
than has the generalissimo of these 
works, the men and things under hia 
charge. Mr. Williams is a ** railroad 
man/' with eighteen years' experience 
in the management of the best con- 
ducted roads in the United States; his 
knowledge of what is required in act- 
lud aerrice enables him to put into the 
construction of engines special adapta- 
bility to special service. His acquain- 
tance with active railroad men and the 
experimental knowledge of their needs, 
enables hidr intelligently to receive and 
apply their suggestions in the detail of 
their orders. Mr. Henezey is chief of 
the drawing department, with fifteen 
years' experience as a mechanical en- 
gineer. All orders for work, as related 
'^bove, are received by him and distrib- 
uted from his department to all the 
sthops. Mr. Longstreth, thirteen years 
^0, entered the works as an appren- 

tice in the machine shops, and before 
the end of his apprenticeship was made 
foreman in one of the shops. He is 
now the superintendent of construc- 
tion, ordering and overseeing the work 
in eveij department Under these 
are private secretaries, bookeepers, 
draughtsmen, assistants, foremen,man- 
agers, inspectors, bosses, and watch- 
men, who see that orders are delivered 
with precision and dispatch. This ex* 
plains why, in so large an establish- 
ment, doing a business so extensive, 
machines are produced so uniform in 
quality and so satisfactory in service. 

We cannot leave this subject with- 
out a word of comment on the lesson it 
teaches, as to the value of American 
manufactures and the importance of 
fostering and protecting them. 

Here is an establishment, the value 
of the finished products of which, in 
1869, was $3,430,018,84. Of this sum, 
$1,068,388,20 was expended for labor, 
giving employment to 1,600 or IJOO 
men, and, if we allow 5 persons to a 
family, furnishing a support for a 
population of 8,000 or 9,000 souls— no 
inconsiderable portion of the popula- 
tion of Philadelphia. Bnt, further, 
the remaining two and a half millions 
represent the amount expended for ma- 
terials, for tools, for railroad, canal, 
and steamer freights, for the innumer- 
able incidental expenses of carrying 
on such a business, and for the return 
on the capital invested. But of this 
expenditure for maUrial, bought and 
used in the manufacture of locomo- 
tives, all, without an exception, save 
some tew articles not produced in this 
country, are exclusively American pro- 
ducts or American manufactures. 
American boiler plate, American steel, 
American pig and bar iron, American 
lumber, American coal, American cop- 
per, and American brass, are the prin- 
cipal materials from which the Bald- 
win Locomotive Works construct their 
machines. All these articles, as they 
come to the works represent in their 
cost price principally Labor, and 
American Labor at that— labor in min- 
ing coal, in smelting iron, in rolling 
boiler plate, in cutting and sawing 
lamber. Arc. If we go back to the ab- 
solute first cost, or the royalty, for the 

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LoooMorrvs bnginsbrs* 

coal and ore in the ground, and the 
lamber in the forests, as we logically 
may, we shall have bat a few thousand 
dollars as the original first'Cost for the 
raw material, which mined, smelted, 
cast, forged, planed, turned, flaished, 
and polished, stands finally on the 
books at an aggregate value of nearly 
three and a half million of dollars, 
and in its various stages of transfor- 
mation and progress has given employ- 
ment to probably six thousand men, 
and supported a population of thirty 
thousand souls. 

These fact« speak for themselves. 
But still another consideration is to be 
added: America competes with Eng- 
land in the manufacture of locomotives 
for foreign countries. Baldwin en- 
gines are at work in Germany, Canada, 
Cuba, Brazil, Peru, and in the Ar- 
gentine Kepublic, and have been 
placed there, if not at less cost, at 
least as cheaply as English locomotives 
could have been. But English iron is 
only a fraction of the cost of American 
iron, and English labor brings wages 
barely sufficient to keep soul and body 
together. English pig iron costs to- 
day, ;$14 to $1H per tun; American 
pig iron, $32 to $33 per tun. With 
equal price for locoa;otives and machin- 
ery in the two countries, what is the in- 
ference ? Clearly that, while in Europe 
capital extorts the lion's share as its 
return, here, where wages and the cost 
of matprial are both so much higher, 
it is Labor — adequately paid, m&ing 
possible comfortable homes, education, 
8elf-improvem<^nt, self-respect, and an 
intelligent citizenship — wbich stands 
foremost in the value of the finished 
product. — A^. V. Trihu7ie. 

(From the Rochester Chronicle.) 

The Brotherhood of Locomotive Eiigi- 


The Booheoter Division, number 18, 
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers, are ag^in the recipients of a 
most beautiful gift, which they greatly 
prize because of the source from which 
it came. It must have cost its fair 

donor great and patient labor to have 
so beautifully worked the elaborate 
designs embroidered in this magnifli- 
centgift. The engineers feel very 
proud of this g^f t — this splendid token 
of friendship— and the kindly words 
that a6companied it, bestowed upon 
them by their old friend Frank Smith 
and his estimable lady. Mr. Smith 
has been a conductor on this road for 
over twenty years, and no man appre- 
ciates a good engineer more than he. 
We are pleased to know that the con- 
ductors and engineers of the New 
York Central railroad are working to- 
gether in harmony for the benefit and 
comfort of the traveling public. The 
following correspondence explains 
itself : 

Buffalo, Nov, 1870. 
To the Officers and Ifembers of tlie Rodi- 
ester Division, number 18, of the 
Brotherlioodof Locomolive Engineers: 

Gentlsbien : — We beg your accept- 
ance of the accompanying cushion 
and altar-cover, as a slight testimonial 
of our respect and esteem. We hope 
that it mayFcrve to increase your ven- 
eration for that sacred volume, '* The 
Holy Bible," which is to rest upon it. 
The emblems of Christians' faith, to- 
gether with the beautiful mottoes of 
your Brotherhood, which will always 
be seen in connection with the sacred, 
scriptures, must certainly tend to con- 
vey some lessons of value to every man 
who looks upon them. This consid- 
eration may serve, m part, to explain 
our reasons for this special g^ft» of 
which we now crave your aceptance. 
Our con«itant relations «vith locomotive 
engineers, wnich have been of many 
y^ars duration, will always awaken in 
our minds the deepest sympathy, with 
every eff%>rt they may make for mutual 
protection and improvement. Many 
widowed families can testify to the un- 
ostentatious benevolence of yonr order, 
and no doubt many others will yet have 
occasion to bless the day that your 
Brotherhood was brought into exist- 
ence. The discipline your members 
are required to observe, furnishes the 
amplest assurance that the safety of 
the traveling public will be greatly en- 

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faanced. The rales yau have adopted 
for the ^OYemment of yoor members 
are equally benefloial to employers and 
employees; and, while they place you 
beyond the reaoh of want, amid the 
contingencies to which your hazard- 
ous calling exposes yon, they likewise 
provide against loss to the company or 
danger to the public from drunkenness, 
culpable neglect of duty, or from reck- 
less mismanagement. For such pur- 
poses none are so well qualified to ful- 
ij understand the necessity of con- 
stantly guarding against any exc<>ss as 
engineers themselves. In a word, we 
know that it is the sincere effort and 
desire of your Brotherhood to be gov- 
erned by the principles of sobriety, 
truth, justice and morality. The pub- 
lic cannot demand higher or nobler 
pledges than these. They go to show 
that your dealing with each other and 
with your fellow men will always be 
conducted with honor and honesty. 
Who can ask for additional guarantees? 
With heart-felt wishes for the future 
progress of your order in the princi- 
ples it professes, and for the success 
and prosperity of your own Division, 
we ask your indulgence for thus occu- 
pying your time to express to you our 
Inendship and esteem. Thanking 
you for your patience in devoting that 
time to us which doubtless you might 
have employed to much better advan- 
tage, we are, with great respect. 
Yours truly, 
Mr. and Mrs. Frank SMrrn. 

BocHBSTER, Nov, 28. 1870, 
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Smith: 

Dkab Friends:— Bochester Division, 
number 18, of the Brotherhood of Lo- 
•comotive Engineers, received your 
beautifnl gift of a cushion and altar- 
doth, also the accompanying kind and 
encouraging letter. They appointed 
the underaigned committee to return 
to you the grateful thanks of every 
member of our Division for your very 
appropriate and highly prized gift ; 
also to express to you in fitting terms 
the high appreciation felt bv all our 
membenfor the very friendly letter 
you have been pleased to send us. We 
regret that we have not words to ex- 
press our grattitude for yuur highly 

prized testimonials. We accept it in 
the spirit which we believe it was giv- 
en, friendship, and we pledge our- 
selves to regard its beautiful em- 
broidered mottoes with a reverence 
second onlv to divine truths, contained 
in the Holv Book that rests upon it. 
We hope that every member of the 
Brotherhood, when he looks npon 
your gift, will fully realize the labor 
and skill it cost to make it thus beau- 
tiful, and that he will resolve to en- 
twine and interweave the principles set 
forth by the emblems you have chosen, 
in his character, until it shall be as 
perfect and beautiful as this token of 
friendship you have been pleased to 
present to this Division. The fact 
that you have been for many years 
associated with the locomotive engi- 
neers on the same road where we are 
employed, and that after these long 
years of labor together, you and your 
good lady entertain so favorable an 
opinion of us as to send us this keep- 
sake and such kind words in your let- 
ter, we assure you has touched our 
hearts with a g^titude we are utterly 
unable to express in words. We value 
your good opinion because we know 
you are fully able to appreciate the re- 
sponsibilities of our calling, and be- 
cause we know that our duties can be 
performed much more acceptable to 
all concerned if we have the good will 
and confidence of our right hand man 
on the train, the conductor. And per- 
haps, more than either of these rea- 
sons, we are influenced in our efforts 
for improvement in our limited chari- 
ties, and in all we do to make better 
men and citizens of ourselves, by the 
holy and persuasive influence of 
woman. Thus it is this gift has a 
double significance — and we hopetiliat 
the day is not far distant when every 
oonductor,and his good wife, can truth- 
fully express the same kindly senti- 
ments for their engineers that you 
have been pleased to send us, and 
that the engineers upon every rail- 
road in this country will have the 
same kindly feeling toward their 
conductors and the welfare of 
their families, that every member of 
this Division entertains toward you 
and yours, is our wish. You have been 

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pleased to commend our society for 
acts of charity, and for exercising the 
self-restraint upon our appetites and 
habits. We are thankful for your 
kind words of encouragement,. and, 
although we have been able to make 
some improvement, yet we are not sat- 
isfied, and we feel sure that your gift 
and kind words will Jia^e a good influ- 
ence to induce our members to prac- 
tice those virtues, of which they will 
always be reminded when they look 
upon the beautiful work and impress- 
ive emblems and mottoes you have in- 
terwoven therein. Again thanking 
you in tbe name of Division No. 18, 
and for ourselves personally, and wish- 
ing you every comfort this life can 
afford, with no collisions with the en- 
gineeisyou may have to run your 
trains, either by word or deed, and 
that when your last trip is made on 
earth, that you may be found on that 
road that leads to the heavenly land, 
is the sincere wish of your Jriends, 
''the engineers.'* 

CHARiiBB Wilson, ) 

Lsvi Lbwis, /-Committee. 

Geo. CoIiBUBN, ) 

that, weigh bat 14,000 pounds, and are 
to be used in place of mule power, in 
hauling coal m>m the head of mines, 
l^ey are five feet high and five feet 
hTtthd—Pkiiade/phia Ledger. 

Loeomotlve Building— Kxtensfve £«* 
tabllsfament* * 

The locomotive works of M. Baird 
k Co., North Broad street, are the 
largest in this country, or perhaps in 
tbe world. One thousand nine hun- 
dred men are now employed in the va- 
rious shops, which occupy the space 
from Willow street to near Spring 
Garden, and from Broad to Fifteenth 
streets. Bather more than one loco- 
motive is completed and sent out for 
every working day in the year, to sup- 
ply the wants of railroads in every 
part of the United States and portions 
of Europe. Three locomotives, one 
nearly completed, are intended for the 
Don Pedro Railroad, in Brazil. Each 
of them weiffhs 90,000 pounds, being 
the heaviest locomotives yet construct- 
ed. They are to be used as freight en- 
gines, and on a road with h^vy moun- 
tain grades. This firm are also con. 
strncting Rm*ill mining locomotives 

Englaeer's Work. 

What an easy thing ft is to drive s 
locomotive ; pull a lever — away she 
goes ; pull another — she slacks up and 
stops. That's all. The quick eye, 
firm hand, prompt courage, the knowl- 
edge of every furlong of road, the 
putting on steam on an ascent, or the 
shutting off on a down grade, the dif- 
ference of expansion in the rails be- 
tween hot and cold, wet and dry — anc? 
the perpetual risk of life and limb,, 
and property— are matters unknown 
to the people, who pay their fare, take 
their tickets, and get to their jour- 
ney's end. All the while their livef¥ 
have been in the hands of a grimv- 
looking man at the end of the tram 
whom, if they meet him on the plat- 
form, they avoid, lest they shoald soit 
their silks or kerseymeres by the con- 
tact These men should be, and often 
are, scientifically educated ; but they 
have no social position ; and their 
wages are absolutely inadequate to 
their responsibilities. The en^neer* 
is a mere mechanic. The world is full 
of irregularities and injustices . — New 
York WorUL 

I What kind of men should locomotive 
Engineers be* 

Rochester, Oct 10, 1870. 
I Messrs. Editobs : — Often I have- 
; stood and watched conductors of Rail- 
I road trains signal their engineers to 
I "go ahead,'' and noticed the fast in- 
I creasing speed of the ponderous driv- 
i ers, as they rolled away in the dis- 
I tance, drawing behind, coaches fiUeiT 
I with hundreds of human beings, all 
destined to some station ahead ; as 
j I thus have watched those fast reced- 
I ing trains, and the discordant soundst 
I gradually dieil ft way, thoughts of those-.. 

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vfaose hands oonirolled the seemioglj 
Ihing mass of iron, hvfe taken pcKh 
seauon of my brain, and I, amid snoh 
cogitations, have asked the question 
which heads this article. To answer 
it is quite another thing, but per^ 
haps the few thoughts I shall present 
msy set some engineer, or one seeking 
for that place and position, to think 
OTer what manner of man he is, and 
resolve, however good his life may 
have been, to at onoe make it better- 
Should such an end be accomplished, 
I shall not have written in vain. First 
of all, an engineer should be a posi- 
tive man, and have positive knowledge, 
not that positiveness which is akin to 
stubbornness, which takes a position, 
right or wrong, and maintains it 
against soiyid reason and common 
venae, but that position, which plant- 
ing itself upon truth, holds him there 
amid the assailings of error, however 
plaosible they may be presented to 
him. He must have positive knowl* 
edge that his engine is in complete 
ronning order, that the road or right 
of way is his, that there are no ob- 
btrcctions, repairs, breaks switches, 
M^, to hinder his onward course, and 
that, as he obeys the vnandate of his 
(*ooductor, and *'goes ahead," in due 
''ourse of time, every one of the pas- 
lengers on his train will arrive at their 
<lesired destination. Upon the knowl- 
edge he possesses of those thiog:! de- 
pends the safety and happy termina- 
tion of the journey of every railroad 
passenger. For the time being, each 
of their lives and destinies are in his 
keeping, and for him to possess 
knowledge of any less of those essen- 
tials to a safe transit is to throw upon 
the engineer, and upon him alone, all 
the evils that might befall tliose pass- 
engers, shoul^l any accident happen 

to his train in the journey. Each, 
individual getting aboard the can 
of any train, virtually say by thua 
getting aboard, the engineer is a maa 
tried and true, he knows his du^, ia 
fearless to do it, knows the engine up- 
on which he sits is safe and reliable, 
the road over which he is to take ua 
is in perfect order, no rails torn np, 
no bridges broken down, no switohea 
misplaced, no trains have the right of 
way, and everything possible that hu- 
man wisdom may devise, or humaa 
knowledge foresee, have been and will 
be called into requisition by him to- 
make our journey safe and bring us to 
the station we seek. Have they not a 
right to reason also that the Company 
choose those men for engineers who 
are sound in mind, and possessing 
good, rational common sense, are en- 
ergetic, quick to perceive, watchful, 
careful, cool in time of danger, sober 
in every sense of the term, and fully 
competent to run a locomotive at aU 
times and under all and ever varying* 
circumstances. Should a man possess- 
ing any less than the above qualifica- 
tions be intrusted with the lives of hia 
fellow men ? for surely to railroad en< 
gineersare entrusted human li(t», when 
they are employed to run passenger 
trains. Say, fellow engineer, let me 
talk directly to you. Have I not the 
right, as a passenger on your train, to 
know that yon possess the knowledge,, 
both theoretical and practical, suffi- 
cient to handle your engine, not only 
when it shall run smoothly along, but 
under every phase of its running ? 
Will any one of sound mind commit, 
himself as a passenger to any train,, 
the engineer of which is known to be 
entirely ignorant of the constructioi^ 
or running of a locomotive, or knowUs 
to be under the influence of alcohol 

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beyond self control, or given to sleep- 
ing at his post, or careless of the con- 
dition or comfort of his passen- 
gers, recklessly, heedlessly, driving 
ahead, regardless alike of life and 
property ? Yet I fear too many engi- 
neers in this fast age have assumed 
control of locomotives when they 
knew little if anything of their con- 
struction, and the details of their run- 
ning were poorly learned and little un- 
derstood when they were ignorant as 
horse blocks of the properties of iron 
and wood, the force and power of 
steam, the philosophy of friction, 
and the nature of grades and 
curves, in short, to whom the entire 
science of railroading as such, was as a 
eealed book. Again, many, I fear, 
though they may possess all knowl- 
edge and all science known, yet are so 
■addicted to intemperance, that they will 
dare run their machine when it is im- 
possible for them to possess a steady 
hand and a clear eye, will dare assume 
control of the throttle of a loooo^otive, 
when they themselves are under the 
control of a power more subtle and 
mighty than steam, whose unseen en- 
ergies filling their brains, make them 
reckless of danger, careless of conse- 
•quences and blind to the sacred inter- 
ests of life and the lesser interest of 
property committed to their care. 

Do not think kind reader, I wish to 
set myself up as dictating who shall be 
<or who shall not be our railroad engi- 
neers. I only wish to bring before 
those who are already such, and who 
■are reaching forth for that place and 
position, as the finale of their earthly 
^ispirationa, that they must be equal 
to the grave responsibilities that are 
and will devolve upon them, that it is 
no small matter nor trifling afTair to 
liave entrusted to one, the lives, prop- 

ettft connecting interests of hundreds 
and sometimes thousands of hamanity, 
six and often seven days in a week. 
I would simply wish to have you 
know, that tJtiere is one, at least, in 
this "wide wide world*' who fully be- 
lieves that no careless, shiftless, un- 
learned, or whisky drinking man is fit 
to occupy the place of locomotive en- 
gineer, and assume the arduous du- 
ties and weighty responsibilities of 
such a calling, no matter how many so- 
ever of such men there may be, or 
how many soever of such a class there 
will be who will enter upon and essay 
to perform the labors of that office. 

Those that are there now, and that 
will get into such a position, have no 
right in a moral view of the question, 
to be entrusted with the discharging 
of duties where so much is depending 
upon the right acting of one man; and 
I think the day is not far distant, 
when the railroad interests of the 
country and the world, will demand 
and employ only those who are scien- 
tifically and practically learned in the 
business of locomotive engineering, 
and withal, who are known and 
proved to be, not only totally temper- 
ance men, but flfotive, energetic, care- 
ful and' watchful at all times, and I 
would that those, who are now, and 
who contemplate being engineer;*, 
would begin to prepare themselves, by 
study, and the breaking off bad and 
intemperate habits, (if such they have), 
to be in the first rank and occupy the 
first places in the coming golden age 
of railroad engineering. 

Again, I might say, a locomotive 
engineer should be a christian man. 
While it may be, and doubtles is, es- 
sential for every person in every walk 
of life to be prepared to die at any 
time, and while death comes as a thief 

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in the night in ereiy station and call- 
ing, jet there Is some business more 
dangerous and hazardo>as than others, 
some professions in which the ar- 
tificer can trathfoUy say, "there is but 
a step between me and death." 
Among such professions, I class 
locomotive engineering. How essen- 
tial then that they, as a class, should 
be prepared to make the journey to 
'•that bourne," for this "trip" may be 
their last on earth, and their next will 
be through "the shadow of death." 
Be the engineer ever so careful, the 
engine in ever so good trim, the road 
in ever so good condition, yet death 
larks in every revolution of those pon- 
derous wheels, in every curve of that 
iron belt, stretching far off into the 
hazy distance, in every bridge, gorge 
and chasm which it spans, aud he who 
pioneers that swiftly moving train 
along that way, should surely know 
the road up to God and Heaven is 
''clear" for his Soul, and that he has 
a "through pass" for that glorious sta- 
tion above, if death should switch him 
off the track, and his spirit, unencum- 
bered with its earthly baggage, starts 
off on its long passage to the Judg- 

But, I would not have you, brother 
engineer, a christian man on the sim- 
ple and only reason, that death is 
nearer yon in your chosen profession 
than in some other and less hazardous 
avocations of life. You should be a 
christian man because you are placed 
in a position of great care and greater 
responsibility, and interests are com- 
mitted to your keeping, the which re- 
quires the fitting, qualifying power 
and energies of Christianity to make 
yon equal to them. 

The christian religion is not merely to 
ti men to die. That is quite the small- 

est part of the office. It is to fit them 
to live and act well the part assigned 
them of God in this world. He that 
is prepared to live, is prepared to die. 
In the how we live is involved how we 
shall die, and what shall be our lives 
inthe»world to come. God does not 
fix CUV destinies at the Judgment ; we 
are fixing, making our destinies wiiile 
living and acting in this world. We 
are placed here to act upon and influ-- 
ence the world for good only ; and no 
matter what profession or calling man 
embraces, in that chosen field of his 
life, acting duties are to be performed 
and influences to be exerted, which 
shall shed a healthful power around and 
make earth better, wiser and holier. 
Being a locomotive engineer does not 
screen any one before God in the part 
assigned him of bringing the world 
from darkness and the degradation of 
sin to the light and the truth of the 
Gospel, and God expects every loco- 
motive engineer to be a preacher of 
the Gospel ; if not by word of mouth, 
as much as from others, yet by daily 
acting, and daily influencing, and for 
the great amount of good they can do, 
and the better they can make the world 
by being christian men, they will be 
held accountable. 

May every engineer seeing this ar- 
ticle, afk himself the question : Am 
I doinfi: my duty to the world while 
faithfully performing the labors of my 
calling ; while I control the power 
that moves ears of humanity along the 
the iron track, am I also controling 
the influences which I exert upon so- 
ciety, and upon this world of souls, 
passengers over the road of life to the 
city of God, or the station of Dark 
Despair ? and if he thinks there is 
lack on his part, of faithfulness, from 
this time on, may he resolve to spend 

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the remainder of his life ia acts of 
greater usefulness, and in shedding 
about upon the oommunity in which 
he bves, and the society in whidi he 
moves, holier and mightier influences 
for good, that shall Utc and act, long 
after he has mouldered back to dust, 
and the living world shall say over his 
slumbering ashes, '*he being dead, yet 




Hamlet, the Dane, of him jtut deign to hear. 
And for that ohjeot lend at lea«t one ear. 
And I will a tale unfold, who§e lightett word 
VfiU freeu your bouI, and turn your blood to ciud. 
He lived in Denmark, Hamlet did— did he ? 
Aye, and ea fine and nice a young man as ever 

yon did mc : 
Not short, but tall, and rather thin than stout. 
And his anzioua mother knew that he wa^out: 
Out of his head, and rery Rum and queer— 
And mueh in love with Miss Ophelia Dear, 
But to my tale, or rather, yours— Sbakitpeare : 
One night, two fellows, standing at their post. 
Beheld, my stars! a reaL living Ghost ; 
Now whose Ghost was he,Bo dismal and unhappy? 
It was, aye, the Ghost of Hamlet's Pappy— 
Who oame to ^ee him, with a ooat of oamlet— 
Tossed round his shoulders, for 'twas bitter cold. 
While this old Ghost his story did unfold : 
My, want he soared to see his Pa so soon. 
Revisit thus the glympse of the moon— and 
Wan't he mad to hear his daddy say. 
His uncle pisened him one day. 
As in the garden he did take a snooze: 
So Hamlet was astonished at the news. 
He swore, by ginger, with prodigious rant. 
He'd kill his uncle, pa and Mamma aunt ; 
80 he went about making speeches. 
All by himself, in doublet hose and breeche»<. 
He eur^ the world, a most tremendous sight, 
That ever he was bom to set It right 
The Qaean, at heart, felt very much concern. 
And sent for Messrs Rosencrans and Guilder- 
To pump Lord Hamlet, whether he had got 
A real right down crazy fit 0; noL 
It wouldn't do, as oil Polonious seen. 
In Hamlet they found nothing green ; 
Nor could they play upon him a.« they would a 

No, 'tis passing strange, 'tis ,pon my life— 

And now I must toll you how bad he felu 

He wanted his too solid flesh to melt. 

Thaw and resolve itself into a Jew, 

Dew is the word, but some aay Jew. 

So I, fool like, must say so too. 

Oh ! I wish I was a Tragedian, yes I do, 

I would make about your ears the worst of cilatters^ 

And tear my shirt and passions into tatters. 

Now you would like to know what Hamlet did 

For he was in his mind so much perplexed and 

At last he cried, the pUy 1 the play's the thing I 
Wherein I'll catch the conscience of the king. 
So he got up a play, they played so bad 
It made the king and courtiers dreadfUl mad; 
BeekleB, Hamlet eat up several shindiee with 

Ophelia, that were wrong. 
So they packed him off to England, where 
He didn't stay, because he did not get there. 
And very unexpected to his pa'r and ma'r 
He returned to Denmark-in a ftrst-class c-ar» 
No, not exactly as you may deem. 
In Hamlet's day things didn't go by steam« 
But, howsoever, in a grave yard he 
Was found, as grave as any grave could be. 
Playing at ten pin? with the skuUs, and joking 
With the old digger, who the bones was poking* 
Thunder and Moses, wasn't there a scene, 
Twixt young Learties and the King and Queen,. 
And Hamlet who loved, aye, most of all 
Grieved to madness, by her untimely fall. 
Jumped into Ophelia's grave, and said. 
Just pile a million aeres on my head. 
Of course they didn't, because they couldn't. 
And, if they could, I rather think they wouldn't 
For of time 'twould take a precious sight. 
So they all agreed to go and fight ; 
And now, in haste, they hied before the King, 
And round about the throne they formed a ring. 
Then at it they went, those nice, young men. 
And stuck each others gixzards, there and then» 
What I hey! Oh! hum! 

The points of them ere foils are poisoned some. 
Which, Hamlet soon found out, and, like a Turk,. 
Cried, venom do thy work! and stabbed his 
Uncle, dead as any nail ; 
Meanwhile, the Queen, she, too, turned pale 
And died, as did the rest from pizen ; Oh, fie I 
'Tis so melancholy it almost makes me ory. 
Shout! shout! hurrah! hurrah! 'tis a first rate- 
Where some die for love and others die for glory» 

Congreve, in one of his comedies, 
speaks of a lady *'who has got suoh 
everlasting rotation of tongne that 
echo hath no chance with her, but mnst 
wait until she dies to catch her last 

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Kew Yobk Gentral B. B., 
Sybaoubb to BocHBsnB. 

Dtar Mr. TFI&on.— It was a souroe 
of maoh pleasure to ns, as it most 
Iayb been to everj friend of the loco- 
motive engineers, to bear of the great 
honor conferred on jovlt Gonyention 
hj the generous people of Tennessee. 
1 feel that I am expressing the senti- 
ments of this Diyision, in thanking 
them for the compliment paid to the 
Brotherhood. The kindness of the 
General Assembly, together with jour 
addrejs, will tend much to the welfare 
of jour organization. We confess to 
a feeling of pride, in finding the sen- 
timents expressed in your address so 
closely ooinoiding with our own . I do 
not refer to your inculcation of sobri- 
ety, for no man without this virtue 
should be allowed on an engine. I 
mean especially the manner in which 
engineers should conduct themselves 
as gentlemen and christians, the pro- 
motion of worthy and competent fire- 
men, and the prevention of any license 
bill by State or National Legislation. 
We have made the matter a subject of 
inquiry, and even machinist engi- 
neers tell us, that firemen make excel- 
lent manem. This is proved by those 
that have been promoted ftrom firemen 
on this Division* Conductors and 
brakemen speak highly of them. It 
ii a plesBiire to see the harmony exist- 
ing between the old engineers and the 
new. It sometimes happens that en- 
gineers and firemen are dissatisfied 
with each other. This is much to be 
regretted, as nothing tends more to 
their hitppiness and welfare than mu- 
tual good feeling. Firemen should 
remember the terrible responsibilities 
of the engineer, that his brain work 
ii inoesMmt^ and accidents are gene- 
rally laid to his charge. They should. 

therefere, be patient and perform 
their duties cheerfully. On this Di vi • 
sion they have every encouragemeoi. 
If they are competent and well con- 
ducted, their promotion is sure to 
come. Without these qualities, how- 
ever, no fireman need ever expect to 
be an angineer, promotion being a 
favor and a reward ol merit, entirely 
dependant upon the will of the Master 
Mechanic, and not by any implicit 
contract Not seniority, but moral 
and intellectual qualifications are the 
criterion. We know Mr. Watkey 
and Mr. Lapham well, the interest; 
they take in those under their charge 
and in the afbirs of the company, 
their purily of motive, their justice, 
honesty and uprightness. We there- 
fore, are enabled to speak words of 
encouragement to our friends on this 
Division. Be patient and willingly co- 
operate with them in the discharge 
of your duty. A severe winter is be- 
fore you; heavy work awaits you. But 
your superiors appreciate you ; your 
good qualities are becoming better 
known every day, and you have many 
friend& The immense amount of 
traffic on this road, and the inadequa- 
cy of motive power, taxes the energy 
and patience of the men to the ut- 
most. Almost every engine on the 
division, doubles the road daily. This 
necessitates hard work in the shop to 
keep them in order. Many engines 
are becoming partly unfit for work, 
and many are already in the shop. In 
this state of affairs, it is hard to con- 
ceive, why the mechanics have been 
put on three-quarter time. We are 
well acquainted with the Syracuse 
Shop, and can bear testimony to the 
excellence of its management and to 
the constant, steady work of the men 
employed. We are credibly informed 

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that immense sums have been saved to 
the company by the skill al working up 
of old materials that was formerly 
thrown aside to rust or be sold as old 
iron. Hundreds of trackmen have ' 
been discharged, and the work- 
ing time of those retained, shortened, 
and their wages reduced. If this state 
of afiairs continues long, the road 
will lose its high character for safety 
and dispatch, with the traTeling and 
commercial public It is in splendid 
order at present, but it cannot remain 
so, without the constant labor of many 

Therein a wonderful difference be- 
tween Sunday and Monday. On the 
former day, freight trains swarm over 
the road, while on the latter, it is for 
the most part light engines. Would 
it not be more christian, more charita- 
ble to invert the rule and give the men 
a little rest for the benefit of both soul 
and body ? We have heard them say 
that they would willingly work as much 
as nature would permit, if they could 
only hope for a rest on the day that 
Gk>d gave them for repose. Ambition 
and railroad competition rob them of 
this Heaven bestowed favor. In the 
name of Christianity, when will it 

By the kindness of Mr. Baker, and 
the genial and ingenious Mr. Wright, 
we have been able to gain much use- 
ful information, with regard to the so- 
called "old road" fh>m Syracuse to 
Bochester, by way of Auburn. The 
object of the engineer who first laid 
out the road, must have been to make 
it as serpentine as possible— and he 
succeeded. Curve follows curve in 
rapid succession, and were it not so 
well graded, many accidents would oc- 
cur. The stopping places are so nu- 
merous, and the time so limited, that 

trains run much faster between stations 
than on the new road. They make 
splendid time. I was witness of a * 'cat- 
astrophe,'* some time ago on this road. 
As Mr. Wright's engine, with its train 
thirty-seven minutes behind time,camo 
thundering along at a tremendous late^ 
two animals of the feline species were 
**coquetting" on the track. Bewil- 
dered by the ponderous engine, they 
ran directly towards us. The last I 
saw of them was flying over a house^ 
top, like an old dish-cloth. Such lit- 
tle instances as these are the only nov- 
elty in the monotony of an engineer's 

It is an old adage, and a true one : 
"Judge not the book by its cover. "^ 
The engineers' peculiar avocation iu 
life, bronzes his complexion, hardens 
his hands and soils his clothes; but 
under that bronze and rough exterior 
there beat the warmest hearts I have 
ever met. But few know them, for 
only few have the rare advantage of 
studying their generous natures. You 
who are seated in velvet cushions in 
palaoe-like cars, living in the lap of 
luxury, look not lightly upon him who 
has your life in his hands. That man 
with> pieroiag ^e, STaminittg every 
bolt in his engine^ while the train stops, 
oiling every place where friction takes 
place, dressed in garments that beq»eak 
toil, is a noble charaoter, and worthy 
of your admiration. Speak to him in 
a gentlemanly manner, as he deserves. 
He will astonish yon with the amount 
of his intelligence. If he aUows yon 
the privilege of a ride on his engine, 
you will see the anxiety, and the fldel- 
ity with which he performs his very 
responsible duty. Every day adds to 
the importance of the position which 
an engineer fills in life. We may be 
deceived by our friendship for them» 

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yet we are firmly convinced that engi- 
neers are improving socially and mor- 
ally. This in great part is dae to the 
Brotherhood. It has for its aims the 
devation of its members. We admire 
it. I have the highest authority for 
saying » that men of all religions may 
join it, so long as it maintains its pres- 
ent status and objects, for it is not a se- 
cret society, such as is objectionable. 
Our opinions and friendship are 
founded on no personal motives. We 
have no private interests to subserve. 
We are anxious only for the welfare of 
a worthy body of men. 

We desire to make their merits bet- 
ter known, without the shadow of flat- 

•*A Friend op Railroad Men." 

Atlanta, Ga., ) 
November 29th, 1870. J 

Brothers Wilson & Fellows: — In 
pemsing the oolumns of the Journal, 
I often wonder why it is that we so 
seldom see aaything from the pen of 
any of our Georgia Brethren ; for 
really I do think that some of us should 
write something, if only to let our 
fraternal Brothers in other sections 
know that we are trying to hold up our 
comer, be our efforts ever so feeble^ 
for I feel well assured that all we have 
to do is to show ouraelves and advocate 
thoroughly the sublime principles of 
the B. of L E. to build up the South- 
em portion of our beloved Brotherhood 
equal to that of any other section of 
coantvy, where our association is 
known; and to do this I know of no 
surer way than to show to the world, 
through the columns of your inestima- 
ble Journal, that we are not ashamed, 
but proud to know that we constitute 
part and parcel of an institution, whose 
motto, if properly adhered to and 

practiced, will ultimately lead to 
honor, success and prosperity. 

Sobriety, Truth, Justice and Moral- 
ity ; what a volume in four words*. 
The sober Engineer, what a noble 
character , none fear to ride on hia 
train, feeling that the hand which con- 
trols the engine is that of one whose 
mind is not wavering under an over 
charge of liquor. How proud it makes 
one feel to hear the remark from some 
passenger, *'I know the Engineer, he 
is a steady, sober man, and we can feel 
safe on a train under his steady hand."* 
There is no jerking and slashing of 
couplings to disturb the sleep of his 
passengers, but the train glidea^ 
smoothly on in an unbroken gait, and 
his passengers commit themselves to 
the hands of somnolence, feeling per- 
fectly safe under the guidance of a 
sober Engineer. 

Truth; oh what another sublime 
principle. A truthful man, his word 
is reliable anywhere he is known and 
what a comfort too, to that dear wife 
or mother ; to hear it said, even, when 
he has passed away from this world, 
**he was a truthful man," He is proud 
of the name while he lives, and when 
he is numbered among the silent dead, 
he leaves his name, as an inheritance 
to his relatives, and an example for 

Justice, too, is an ornament to any 
man ; and a trait in his character 
which secures for him the love and 
esteem of all who know him. A just 
man leaveth an inheritance, says a 
writer of olden time, and from this we 
may infer that it is within the power of 
all men to leave an inheritance more 
valuable than gold, or any of this 
world's goods. It is a name, a character 
which time cannot erase from memory. 

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A sober, truthful, just man. What a 
name to bear, and what a consolation 
to the bereft ones, when he shall have 
passed away, to be able to cherish in 
their memories the recoUeotion of one 
who bore the noble name. 

Morality, is the natural result of the 
three former traits in the character of 
a man,and isgiven to him by an Allwise 
Providence, as a reward for his dib*- 
genoe and perseverance. 

When a man is pointed out to you 
tts a moral man, and is a moral man 
indeed, mark him well as an ornament 
to society, and a sunbeam to this dark, 
gloomy, immortal world below; for 
when a man is a moral man, he ia a 
«ober man, a truthful and undoubtedly 
a just man. 

In conclusion, allow me to say a few 
words especially to the Brethren of 
Georgia in regard to our duty, and 
that is this. I really do not think that 
we are practioing the grand prindplee 
which we advocate, as fully as we 

We are too lenient perhaps with 
eome of our younger Brothers. We 
<lo not converse with and advise them 
as frequently as we might We are 
lying still in the South and allowing 
ourselves to dream away those precious 
moments, when we ought to be at 
work, and the world is ignorant of the 
existence in Georgia of such an asao- 
<;iation as the Brotherhood of Locomo- 
tive Engineers. Let us be up and 
moving ; let us go to work with new 
aeal and show to the citizens of old 
Georjcia that we are not mere hirelings, 
but men ; working men, striving to 
build up an institution which will not 
only be a benefit to the Engineer, but 
will guarantee to the traveling public 
•our earnest endeavors to secure for 
them safety, and protection, against 

drunken and incompetent engineera. 
wherever we pull the throttle of the 
Lron Horse. 

Let us work Brothers, and rest 
assured so long as our actions are based 
upon the noble principles of Sobriety, 
Truth, Justice and Morality, wa wQl 
prosper, and soon we will hear it cried 
from every quarter of the globe. 
To tlM noble Brotherhood 

And her aober Enffineera, 
Who hare wmufht the coimlry's toed 
A hundred thouMnd cheers. 
Yours fraternally, 
S. L. L. 
Biv. fi9 B. of L. E. 
Atlanta, Ga. 



I mourn the hours waetcd, 

*Mid revelrj- and wine, 
And o*er the bittor memories 

That now around me twine. 
Of hope* and ruined fortunes 

I've squandered long aco : 
And the friend* who have iimakea. 

In this, my day of woe; 
Alam where are the faces. 

That u»ed to greet me then ? 
And where the boon companiona. 

That led sMontorin? 
Some lie in graree dishonored. 

But some are living yet. 
The bright star of whoee hoi>et. 

Like mlne,'foreT«r set; 
My genUe wifj, that loved me. 

Alas! where is she now ? 
Her ashe^are repo«ing. 

Where weeping willows bow ; 
My cruel course of conduct 

Soon drove her to despair. 
And her kind heartlwa* broken 

By grief it could not bear ; 
My little, cherub children. 

Are sleeping at her side. 
For there was none to nurse them 

When their sweet mother dieH. 
Alas I too late, too late. 

No earthly power c*n save. 
For soon my shattered body 

Must fiU a drunkard's grave. 

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DuNKiBK, K. Y., Jan. 1, 1871. 
Brothers Wilson <fe Fellows:— An- 
other year has been swept into eterni- 
ty, and brongbt us all so much tbe 
nearer life's ultimate depot. To us 
"older people" it bas gone by vitb tbe 
speed of our trains, — to tbe younger it 
has dallied in its progress— and I sin- 
cerely bope its many important lessons 
wiU not bave been given us in vain. 
Looking back over tbe year, as I would 
glance back upon tbe road I bad been 
traveling, and seeing in memory all its 
chief incidents of joy and sorrow. I 
feel like asking you to permit me, 
throogb tbe columns of tbe Journal, 
to greet tbe members of tbe Brotber- 
hood, and wisb tbem, one and all, a 
Hafft New Ybab ! and give tbem sucb 
advice as ibe time suggests to me. 

Oat of our ranks, during tbe year 
jost passed, many of our loved brotb- 
ens bave passed from our midst and 
from life to go down to tbe silent city 
of tbe Dead. Let us recall only tbeir 
virtues, forget wbatsoever of folly or 
weakness may bave marred tbeir cbar- 
acters in life, and trust tbat tbe Fatber 
of Mercies bas received tbem to a 
haven of rest We cannot forbear 
mourning tbeir loss, but we may prof- 
itably remember tbat we, like our de- 
ceased brotbers, may be tbe ''subjects 
of memory" ere anotber year bas 
passed away. 

It becomes us now to form, or re- 
new, our determination to amend and 
progress in all essential tbings — to re- 
solve tbat, no matter bow good and 
pure oar conduct and our tbougbts 
may bave beretofore been, tbis year 
sball, at its dose, find us wiser and 
better than we now are at its begin- 
ning. Eveiy inducement tbat can 
urge men to improvement, in any 
spbere of life, can be found pressing 

tbe Brotberbood of Locomotive En* 
gineers forward in tbe true patb. We 
bave not only tbe bigb anticipations 
of our friends to answer and realize— 
we must meet and overcome our 
enemies, (for enemies, I am pained to 
say, our good organization bas found 
wbere least expected) ; we must dis- 
cbarge onr duties as christians, citi- 
zens, employees, husbands, fathers, 
brotbers. We bold no relation in life 
in which it is not our interest, as well 
as our duty, to guard against evil and 
continually learn to do better, 
there is no time so ap|»ropriate for a 
serious consideration of this fact than 
the advent of a New Tear. 

Such of us as may bave professed, 
before Qod and man, a change of 
heart, should resolve now that during 
tbe year 1871 daily evidence of the 
truth of the profession shall be given 
to all. Such of us as are not profess- 
ing christians should resolve that our 
language and our conduct during the 
year shall give no offense to the 
most pious— that profanity, drunken- 
ness, Sabbath-breaking, frivolity and 
gambling sball not mark and mar onr 

As citizens, it is our duty to cheer- 
fully obey the laws and bear our just 
share of the burdens imposed upon its 
citizens by our Government, As em- 
ployees—as Engineers— our duties are 
manifold and our responsibilities are 
great. We owe it to those in authori- 
ty over us, to the public, to our fami- 
lies, and to ourselves, tbat we dis- 
ch^ge with fidelity eveiy duty belong, 
ing to our calling, and we owe it 
especially te tbe Brotherhood that we 
advance in knowledge and increase in 
nsefolness until the most sceptical 
shall admit that our organization has 
answered the purpose for which it was 

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created, by elevating our character as 
men. We can easily imagine onr 
8aperintendent or Master Mechanic 
standing in the depot as a train is 
about leaving, with some timid father 
or hnsband— whose loved daughter or 
wife has just been seated in the car — 
standing by hi3 side and anxiously 
asking if he thinks there is *^any dan- 
ger?" and we can as easily imagine 
that officer of the road pointing to the 
cab and saying: ''Look at that En- 
gineer ; he understands his business ; 
never drinks a drop of stimulants ; is 
rugged and healthy ; truthful ; never 
gets angry — never uses profane lan- 
guage, and always is cool and collected 
in time of danger." "What! that 
man ? Why I used to know him as a 
regular tippler !" says the inquirer. 
<*Yes,'' replies the officer, '*but he 
joined the Brotherhood of Locomo- 
tive Engineers, and they require their 
members to be sober, truthful, moral 
and just. " Who of us would not prize 
such a statement from our Master Me- 
chanic or Superintendent, made in 
reference to ourselves ? Who can say 
that he cannot, by his own conduct, 
force just such remarks from every 
officer of his road ? I do not hesitate 
in declaring that just such testimony 
has been borne, and that it will be 
borne frequently in the future if we 
but obey the injunctions of our good 
organization. It is true that there are 
some- 1 may say many— who regard 
all combinations of working men as 
improper and pernicious, and some of 
this class may be found in charge of 
some departments of railroading ; but 
these men can be forced to change 
their opinions by the exhibition of 
the good fruits borne by our organiza- 
tion. Here, thank Gk>d, we have no 
such prejudice to encounter. The 

officers on the E. R W.,' so far as I 
know, are willing to credit the Broth- 
erhood with having worked a great 
good already, and confidently expect 
it to do much more. Were it other- 
wise, I should advise my brothers to 
pursue a manly, truthful and respect- 
ful line of conduct, and force the re- 
spect and confidence of all in authority 
over us. So far from complaining of 
our officers, we have had, and will con- 
tinue to have, good cause for respect- 
ing and praising them as men of liberal; 
views and pure sentiments. 

We must not forget that the Broth- 
hood itself needs all our care for its 
support and progress. We must see 
to it that its organic law is maintained 
in its integrity— that it enters into no 
entangling alliances with other bodies 
under any pretense whatever.' We must 
regularly attend the meetings of our 
Divisions, pay up, punctually, all our 
dues, and by all efforts keep our names 
out of that black list published in the 
Journal. We should be careful not to 
recommend any one for membership 
who IB not of the right material — we 
cannot afford to make the Brother- 
hood a mere missionary, or reforma- 
tory school — and we should by all 
means endeavor to weed out the nox- 
ious and demoralizing elements, if any 
such there may be among us. We 
must make persistent efforts to get all 
good Engineers to join us and help us 
forward in our work— a well directed 
effort on this point will soon work 
wonders. I know several most excel- 
lent' and worthy Engineers who have 
not, as yet, made up their minds to 
join the Brotherhood— men who would 
be a tower of strength to us — and who, 
perhaps, fear that they might have to 
be associated with some not worthy 
their confidence or esteem. If we axe 

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arefol abont who are to be admitted, 
IS well asto get rid of those who ought 
lol to be retained, the good ones' 
roold more readily join ns. Much, 
rery mach, of onr past prosperity as a 
Dody Ib due to the f4ct that we have, 
ji oar Journal^ an organ ably conduct- 
ed and regular in its appearance; it is 
I common avenue of communication 
between us all, and also our lady 
(riends. This organ should be sus- 
tiined and strengthened, and every 
aember should feel it to be his duty 
b rabscribe and pay for it, and strong- 
It recommend it to others. 

In onr families we should be most 
seful of our conduct. The time be- 
isnging to ourselves, when off duty, 
i)^dngB largely, if not wholly, ip our 
Ues. The wants of wife and ohil- 
^n should be our wants, and our ex- 
ttk)Q8 be doubled to supply them. 
it home, as on the locomotive, we 
Md preserve our temper, and make 
vonly of such language as becomes 
bq; ibove all we should be truthful, 
Qti endeavor to teach our children as 
tsdi bj example as precept. We are 

^ccastodianB of the welfare and hap- 

Sof wife and little ones, and we 
not dare to be recreant to our 

fifi&e of us have seen proper to form 
ice association for the purpose 
g our families against want 
erent of onr death; to all such 
tdnce is, pay all assessments 
upon yon cheerfully; permit 
to hapi>en which shall work a 
itare of yoor policy. Study the 
^ples and nature of the Associa- 
iud see that your officers dis- 
ks their every duty well and 
^tly. We have already done a 
^unount of good— -let us not weary 
^ doing; let ns continue to wipe 

the tears from the eyes of the widow 
and fatherless. 

Such is my counsel; such my advioe 
to my brothers. I speak a language 
they can all understand — I speak from 
age and experience — and no one caB 
say I advise badly. It may be that my * 
advice is not needed, or that it will not 
be heeded— it matters not to me. X 
feel it my duty, in the spirit of broth^ 
erly love and kindness on this first day 
of a New Year, to advise with and 
counsel the members of the Brother-^ 
hood through the columns of the 
Journal, This may have been done- 
better by abler pens; but more honest 
and loving counsel could not be 
given by any one. 

Bbothbbs, AiiL I I wish you a happy 
New Year, trusting that it may prove 
to you, individually and collectively, 
the most prosperous and happy year of 
your lives. That a kind and merciful 
Providence may ever have you in h]» 
keeping, and with sincere wishes for 
the happiness of your families, I have 
the pleasure to subscribe myself 

Fraternally yours in S. T. J. ift 111, 
G. H. Shbb]£AN,F. G. £. 

PrrasTON, Dec. 15, 187Q. 

BrQs. WUson and FeOowsv—li hm 
been some time since I have seen any' 
communication in the Journal hosa 
these parts, and as I have a few leisme 
moments, I thought I would just let 
you and thd readers of the Journal 
know that the B. of L. & is flouriak-^ 
ing in this part of the coontry. 

I will begin with a little history of 
the organization of a new DiviaiOB* 
Beceived an invitation from Bra P. 
A. Street, 0. E. of Division 58, te visii^ 
Mauch Ohunkand assist in organisngr 
Mauch Ohunk Division No. 124. Oi» 
Thursday, 8th inst, accordingly tool^ 

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a seat in the Lehigh Valley train at 1 
o'dook, P. M., and after a pleasant 
ride of abont sixty-five miles, arrived 
at Manch Ghonk at 4 o'clock P. M. 
Was met at the depot by several of the 
Brothers. We assembled at Mechan- 
ics' Hall at 7 P. M., and there organ- 
ized Division No. 124, with Brother 
Henry Brelsford for Chief, and Bro. 
George Winterstein for F. A. E. Al- 
together the members of M. 0. Divis- 
ion Tfere as fine a lot of fellows as one 
need wish to see, and I think they will 
be a credit to the Order. After Divis- 
ion business was over we adjourned to 
the house of Bro, A. Qormer, where 
wo partook of a splendid supper, pre- 
pared by the family and friends of 
Bro. Qormer, and I will here take oc- 
casion to state that (judging by the 
looks of the table) turkeys and other 
fowls must roost uncommonly low 
along the line of the Valley B. R. 
There were about thirty of us, enough, 
you will say, for a pretty loud time, 
however, none of us went home feel- 
ing up for the ground. Well, I have 
no further news of importance of 
the B. L. E. 

There is quite an excitement con- 
cerning the Miners' suspension. A 
number of the Broad Gauge Mines 
have suspended work for an indefinite 
length of time, thereby throwing about 
one hundred and fifty engineers and 
firemen out of employment. But as 
this Broad Gauge and anthracite coal 
business is quite a myth to a great 
many of the western brothers, I will 
explain: The anthracite coal lands 
extend through the Lackawana and 
Wyoming valleys. The D. L. & W. 
R. R. Oo. own very extensively in 
these hinds, and is the principal coal 
road in the State. The L. & B. is 
branch of this road, and Pittston is 

the junction of the L. V., the L. & B. 
and the Pa., N. Y. & C. R. R., and 
these four, together with the L. & S. 
R. R., are the main coal roads of the 
State, ^he L. V. Road employs three 
Master Mechanics — one at Easton, one 
at Weatherly, and one at Delano. 

A. Mitchell, M. M., is building a 
new passenger ecgine. Could not 
give dimensions, but think she will be 
a good one, judging by other engines 
which he has built. 

Ohas. Graham, M. M., of the L. k 
B., is re-building a passenger engine 
with a great many new improvements,- 
designed by himself, and I think she 
will not be second to any of her class . 

The Pa. & N. Y. G. Co. have met 
with^ sad loss in the death of John 
P. Cox, their General Superintendent, 
who died very suddenly of heart dis- 
ease, on Wednesday, the 7th inst 
He was a good man, and well liked by 
alL By orders of his Assistant, Thos. 
Desmond, the engines wtra heavily 
draped in mourning, thereby showing 
the respect his employees felt for him, 
and the affection with which they re- 
garcfed him. 

Now, Bros. W. and F., I will close 
this communication by saying that I, 
for one, am sorry that the spicy con- 
flict between **Glara" and ''Warren 
Station" is ended. I think Clara said 
nothing more than what was reason- 
able, and if more men would take the 
course she recommended they would 
be better men. I also think that M. 
S. M. C. is mistaken in thinking that 
the terms used by the lady who pre- 
sented the Erie Division No. 117 with 
a Bible were wrong. She could not 
have used more beautiful language, or 
more appropriate— just such terms as 
I have heard aiinisters of the Gospel 
apply in the same case. I suppose 

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vhen the lady was making those re- 
marb that she did not suppose that 
DiTision 117 were going to use the 
enshion for a brake beam, or place the 
Bible in front of their engines for a 
head-light If she had thought they 
vould.nse it for that purpose she 
Tonld have undoubtedly trimmed it 
up with ahead-light wick, ready for 

I have only one thing more to say 
tliis time, and that is, I am sorry to 
see 80 many fictitious names signed to 
communications, for I, for one. would 
Kke to know from whom and where 
tho^e communications come. 

With my best wishes for the welfare 
of the B. of L. E.,I am 

Fraternally yours, 
LuTB Welch, 0. ]?. Div. 119. 


(Copyright for mnsio applied for.) 
The following poem was written by 
J. B. Swett, and set to music by Alfred 
V(m Bochow. Like the **Baoe of the 
Locomotiyee," already published, it is 
liedicated to the Brotherhood of Loco- 
aotiye Engineers, apd will help com- 
pose a book now in process of oon- 
t^ction by the above mentioned 
gentleman, for the use of the Brother- 

'JMdaric and eold November night, 

At AlUoy, I took the trai n, 
^t in a twelve hour ran woold take 

Me to my fkmily again ; 
Asd SI I took the cushioned seat, 

JoBtu the train began to start, 
I&Dcied that my wife was pressed 

Alresfdy to my throbbing heart. 

^tnin I took left after dark; ■ 

Sc, by the breaking of the day, 
rd«e my wifb and child again, 

If nothing happened to delay. 
^ flad was I, since weeks fW>m home, 

To kave the glare of city light; 
Afid joy crept in my heart as I 

Vent homewaid speeding thro' the nigh t* 

Yet all was not exactly right; 

And ere the train had run an hour, . 
A feeling of impending ill 

Fell on my heart with all its power. 
The cars were ranning at a rate 

rd never known them go before. 
And with inoreasifig speed, they flew 

Along the rails with de«f ning roar. 

The rocking' and swaying and rumbling and roar 

Of the oars o'er the track, although fsarfhl 
Grew wilder and louder each mile that we sped. 

'T'U my heart sank within, with that presBan 
of dread. 
I felt by the motion, each moment that passed. 

The speed we were going at never could last: 
And a dcf^t in rail, at the rate that we sped. 

Would soon add tecraita to the ranks of the dead. 

Tet onward we sped at a terrible pace. 

Till whitened with terror grew every face. 
Strong men looked aghast in the impulse of fKght, 

As swifter and swifter we flew through the night. 
Oh, then there were thoughts of the past in each 

And calling on God, mother, lover, and wife; 
But ah, what a hopeless expression of fear 

Was there when the words rang, **a drunk ea« 

Kowdown on their kneea fell the minly and 

Now rang the wild shriek of a woman, to 
But safety alone lay in binding the arm 

Of the drunkard, the cause of our dreadful alarm* 
A few started forward, bat started too late ; 

For no mortal hand could avert our wild fate: 
And over a trestle work, down on the rock. 
Our train with its precious freight dashed with 
a shock I 

Darkness was on me— the light had all fled— 
Oh, could it be that through realms of the dead 

I would e'er journey to regions of light- 
Pass through the gloom of this terrible night? 

Over my heart crept the memory, then- 
Dear ones with whom I as living had been:— 

Now I would never behold them again,— 
Never 'till passing this region of night. 

Suddenly then to my eyes did appear 

Bight that o'erwhelmed me with terrible feart— 
Fire flashing up from the wreck of the train, 

Writhing of victims of terrible pain. 
Shrieks wild and fearfiil. and curses and groans. 

Prayers, and calls for help, agonisAd moans. 
Mingled with mad and despairing like tones. 

Rose from the wreck of our ill-fii>ted train. 

'Twas all a dream, a fearfhl dream ; 

For, weary, I had fell asleep : 
And now a word, a name, a touch 

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Awoke mefrom my slamber deep. 
Tkt tnin had stopped, and pa&sinff oat 

Into the grey of morning light, 
f met my wife with one glad cry 

"Thank God ! I'm home, safe through the 

Twas all adream, a fearftil dream; 

\nd yet it really might hare been, 
Aj|d hvndreds who had gone away, 

liight ne «r have seen their homes again : 
Bat now, since merit claims its place, 

And public weal demands its right, 
^Trne men alone most hold the rein. 

And take us safely through the night, 

TwaB all a dream, a fearful dream ; 

And yet it might have been too true, 
&ad not the engineer have been 

A man who well his duty knew< 
Ood blees the noble and the brave. 

Who aim for duty and for right 1 
Ood blees the noble engineer, 

Who took me safely through the night ! 

For the Journal. 

The excitement and fatigue, incident 
to attending our late Conyention, 
iutving died out, I feel like opening 
intercourse with my Brothers, through 
the JqpBNAii, bj giving in some of my 
«tperience. In doing this I disclaim 
aU egotism, and do not, for one 
moment, think that personally any of 
my doings could interest the public; 
but I do think that all of us feel that 
flomething is due to those who did so 
much to make pleasant ways and peace- 
ful paths for us.* 

Long before the time for going to 
Nashville, I had resolved that Mrs. S. 
fihould accompany me, and thus have 
time to rest from her labors at home, 
recruit her strength, and see what 
could be seen of the country and life 
in the South; and I think many others 
of the craft did the same thing as my- 
fielf, as there were some sixteen of the 
wives of brethren at Nashville. This 
looks well and I sincerely hope that 
the number will be much larger at the 
Convention in Toronto. 

On Monday ^October 17th,Mr8.S.and 
I entered the car of the L. S. road at 
Dunkirk, and proceeded to GleveLand, 
in company with several Brothers and 
friends whom we met It is onnecea- 
sary to detail the doings and sayings 
among us — enough to say that all were 
lively, interesting, and that we had a 
most exceUent time, and found the 
road in good order. From Cleveland 
weproeeeded t0 Crestline, on the O. 
C. C. & L road, where we took sap- 
per. Having tried the Crestline tables, 
I advise all travelers whose fortune it 
may be to reach Crestline in time for 
a meal, to stop and get one worth all 
it costs and more too. From Crestline 
we proceeded to Indianapolis, where 
we arrived at three o'clock on the 
morning of the 18th. From Indiana- 
polis we went to Louisville via the J. 
M. & I. road ; and from Louisville 
to Nashville via L. & N. and M. & li. 
roads, arriving at the latter city in the 

During our journey we were receiv- 
ing additions to the number of dele- 
gates at each important point, particu- 
larly at Cleveland, Indianapolis and 
Louisville, and when we reached Bow- 
ling Green, Ky., there were about 80 
of us. At Bowling Green we all took 
dinner — ^a very good one — ^and became 
better acquainted with each other — 
the mere fact of membership in the 
Brotherhood operating as an "open 
sesame'* to the heart of each. 

At Nashville we found carriages in 
waiting to take us from the depot to 
the hotel, and ad Mrs. S. and I took 
our seat we fervently thanked the good 
Brothers of No. 33 and their excellent 
committee, to whose active exertions 
we owed the pleasure. Had there been 
no arrangements made for our recep- 
tion, you can readily fancy the trouble 
we should have had, as with satchel 

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«nd oarpei-bag, weshonld haye wended 
oar weary way, in a strange city, 
fltopping men, woman, and even child- 
ren, to ask them to tell ns where we 
conld find a good hotel, and what 
'Street, or streets, we shonld have to 
tiaTerse to find it. Were you ever 
dumped out in a strange place ? Then . 
you know what it is to beat off the run- 
ners and hunt up a hotel. All this was 
eared us by the excellent arrangements 
made, and we were driven at once to 
the "Maxwell House," where we were 
at once assigned splendid rooms. This 
house, I was informed, W4S built by 
ZoUiooffer, and was for some time 
known as the Zollicoffer House. It is 
large, commodious, and most splen- 
didly kept — ^indeed, I must recommend 
it to eyerybody as one of the best 
hotels in the country. 

Here we are in NashyiUe — in a sec- 
tion of the country to become, in time, 
classic ground. Here we are, fresh 
from the North and its chilly blasts, in 
the niidst of the South and the South- 
erners. Of course we wondered to our- 
selyes, how Yankee bodies and Yankee 
ways would be looked upon, and 
treated. We had read a great deal 
about the feeling left by the late <*bit 
of unpleasantness,'' and the continued 
and determined hostility of those 
••lately in rebellion." Here we were 
to see and hear for ourselves, and we 
meant to be watchful and cautious 
during our stay. 

In the morning we found the dele- 
gates thick and plenty, and all anxious 
for a good session. Mixing with the 
people, we were forced soon to forget 
that this was ••southern soil,'' for we 
found but one spirit pervading all, 
And that was to do honor to the Broth- 
erhood, and kindness to the brethren. 
The State House was open to us and 

so were the hearts of the men and 
women of the city. We Northerners 
soon felt at home with our Southern 
friends, and learned to respect and love 
them. It was soon apparent that our 
time was not all our own. Scarcely 
had we began business before hospi- 
tality began making demands upon us. 
Kailroad companies, express compan- 
ies, fire companies, and other organi- 
zations, proffered their good services 
in making our visit a pleasant one. It 
was not enough that the Governor of 
the State should recognise and wel- 
come us in the name of his people— 
the people themselves came forward 
and with open hands and hearts reiter- 
ated their Governor's reception of us. 
It was a time never to be forgotten — 
there was a people we can never cease 
to esteem. As day succeeded day, we 
found the desire to make us feel at 
home and honored, seemed to increase, 
and all were regretting that time would 
close our labors before half the pro* 
gramme could be carried out. Our 
wives were kindly cared for by the 
ladies of Nashville, and every atten« 
tion was shown to them. Mrs. S. 
called upon the venerable widow of 
James E. Polk and was received with 
that well-bred ease and kindness which 
ever characterizes the true lady. Many 
ladies who had been, and now are, 
warm secessionists, greeted our North- 
em wives with true courtesy and kind- 
ness, and not a word, look or action, 
bespoke the partisan or developed an 
enemy. AU our apprehensions and 
fears were dispelled, like ni^ist before 
the sun, by the warm-hearted recep- 
tion extended to us. Besolutions of 
thanks for all were passed, as of course, 
but what are they? Custom has made 
them common on all occasions. There 
is something more than mere formality 

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LoooAfioxnas lOiraiNxsBS' 

due to the citizens of Nashville from 
the members of that Convention, and 
the noble Brothers thejr represented 
there»— -the lasting and overflowing 
gratitude of hearts we owe to them, 
and I can assnre them we will never 
repudiate the debt. In the dark and 
stormy hours of the night as the engi- 
neer rushes thundering over the road, 
"Without an object in sight, save the 
ties and rails illuminated by his head- 
light, and when he knows not how soon 
an accident may send him into eternity 
—while no sound reaches his ear but 
the constant rumble and rattle of his 
wheels over the rails, he will let his 
mind shut out the gloomy present, and 
call up the gay scenes and kind people 
of Nashville to warm his blood and 
dispel the gloomy darkness surround- 
ing him. Not one of us but what bida 
them a hearty **God bless you," when- 
ever we recall our Convention; and I 
can assure them that the Convention is 
not only recalled to mind daily, but 
hourly, by every delegate who was in 
attendance there. We belong to the 
"weary toilers'* of the world and may 
lack the polish, education and refine- 
ment of the great and gifted; but 
beneath the grim of smoke that darkens 
our faces, beneath the hard skin that 
labor forms upon our hands, there runs 
streams of as warm and generous 
blood as ever pulsed in the bodies of 
the hero or statesman, or warmed the 
heart of the noble and the good. 

The treatment extended to us at 
Nashville has done us all great good. 
We have learned the truth uttered by 
the poet : 

**Honor and Shame firom no conditions rise." 
And that by the practice of the rules of 
our Order we can command respect an d 
"Win esteem. I will venture to assert 
that not one of us left Nashville with. 

out having our stock of self-respect 
largely increased. We know that a 
whole people have done us honor be- 
cause we have, to the best of our 
ability, discharged our duty as part of 
the great laboring masses of the world;, 
and that honor came upon us so pleas- 
antly, and worked us so much good we 
cannot now — Shaving had and known it 
— afford to lose it. 

But I must content myself with what 
I have abre idy said about the people 
of Nashville, although I have not said 
half enough, and get ready for the ex- 
tension of my trip still further to the 
South, that is, if you can give me- 
space in your next number. 

C. H. S. 

Lines Dedicated to Division 128^ ot 
the B. of L. £. 

I>ear Brothers of the B. L. B. 

I hambly invite yon to panse. 
And read a fbw lines addressed to thee. 

By a member who is tme to the 

Another Division yon plainly can see, 

Has come into light, all aglow, 
Onr number, one hundred and twenty-three^ 

I wish all the Brothers to know. 

Our Chief Engineer, whom we hold dear. 
And others who energy displayed. 

We thank them alone who worked into gear*. 
And of us a Division have made. 

We are not very strong in numbers Just yet 
But new members don't cease to oome. 

We gladly receive them and always we get. 
Those who rate at "A" number *1," 

I think a few weeks will make us all right. 

We'll have things fit up in style. 
The good work we greet with perfect delighb* 

And pleasure we'll see all the while. 

God grant'that we will always be, 

As Brothers all elsewhere, 
And let us never disagree 

Nor treat a toul unfair. 
In unity we stand as men. 

To Him above we trust. 
Lot one and all commit no sin. 

Do every thing that's Just 

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We alwajB do and alwajs can. 

Oar ekftnMster bean no stam, 
I hope we will, yes every man. 

In future show the same> 

God speed the noble work begun. 

And make ns to thee dear, 
I hope misfortune will never eome» 

To the Railroad Engineer. 

The men who ride the iron steed 
Needs not the sharpened spnrr. 

But with his hand he sets the speed. 
Does the Railroad Engineer. 

The iron monster he knows well, % 

And prides himself to keep 
A watch whose hands will always tell. 

Of trains he is to meet. 

All souls he has in his charge. 

He keeps them all from fear. 
For a sober man with forehead large, 

Stands the Railroad Engineer. 

With pleasure then we do intend 

To let the people hear, 
There is no men less fond of gin, 

Thn the Railroad Engineer. 

Oar motto is a treasure, 

Foot virtaea it holds dear. 
The same we keep with pleasure 

Boes the Railroad Engineer. 

Sobriety is the first to call. 

The same will sweep our way* 
Qood people, both the great and small. 

Will crown us with abetter day« 

Truth the next one on the roll. 

Does mark a trait so bright. 
There will no other power hold 

A eharacter that's more right 

Justice, no one ean deny. 

The same to fellow-man. 
In friendships ties we'll always try 

To follow up that plan. 

Morality I think will dwell 

Forever with the men, 
Wholl always do and act as well. 

As is the wish of your true fkiend. 

J. T. R., Div. 12a. 


An Irighman, Bwearing before a mag- 
istrate against his three sons, thus 
conoladed his affidavit : "And this de- 
pendent further saith, that the only 
one of his children who showed him 
any real filial affection was his young- 
est son Larry, for he never strwh him 
when he voae down.*' 

Yonr Committee beg leave to report 
that they sent the following Commnni* 
cation as ordered by the G. I. D. Con- 
vention, held at Baltimore, Oct 20, 
1869, to the Master Mechanics' Con- 
vention, held in the city of Philadel- 
phia, September 15th, 1870, to which, 
they received the reply attached to this 

CiiEViCLAKD, Sept. 12, 1870. 
To H. M, Brition, Esq., Preeideni of 

Master Mechanics Associaiion^ and to 

the Members of the Convention : 

Mb. Pbbsidsnt and Gkntueurn. — 
The Locomotive Engineers of the 
country being intimately connected 
with you in operating railroads — and 
being desirous of maintaining the 
utmost harmony between their omciala 
and themselves, — and well-knowing 
the immense influence your Conven* 
tion will have in establishing* any 
measares that may be recommended 
by your honorable body, and being 
requested to call your attention to some 
points that are regarded as important 
by the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers, we have taken the liberty 
to address you this letter. 

First — Yonr attention is most respect- 
fully called to the practice of Engineers 
being overworked, either by their 
desire to make extra time, or by being 
compelled on account of press of busi- 
ness on the road, to run extra trips 
without proper rest 

It is a notorious fact that very many 
of the accidents occurring are on 
account of the engineer being asleep 
or sleepy, and in some cases no doubt 
they have been overworked, and could 
not reasonably be expected to keep 
awake. A recent accident is reported 
where tho engineer had been for flfty- 
one hours on duty without sleep, and 
many others of a similar character are 
of too frequent occurrence. 

It is earnestly hoped that your Con- 
vention will pass some recommenda- 
tion that will obviate the recurrence of 
this cause of accidents, and consequent 
disgrace to the engineers. 

Second— Your attention is called ta 
the policy now in vog^e of reducing 
the speed of freight trains to a very 

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LoooHonvx BNemmBS' 

slow rate, and of strictly requiring the 
engineers to observe the exact schedule 
rate of speed upon all parts of the road 
without any regard to grades, or len^h 
of time it may take to make a meeting 
place, or reach the terminns of the 

It may be said that this matter 
belongs to another department of the 
management, but it is believed that all 
will admit that it is intimately con- 
nected with the financial success of the 
mechanical department upon all rail- 

Any practical Locomotive Engineer 
knows that a locomotive with a five 
foot wheel (the usual size), will not 
work economically at too low a rate of 
speed, and that no benefit can be 
derived from expansion until the en^ne 
attains a more rapid motion than eight 
or ten miles per hour. Link vsdve 
motions are so constructed that the 
lead of the valves are materially in- 
creased by cutting off the steam, and 
a too low rate of speed will not over- 
come the back pressure of the piston 
at the end of the stroke, or allow the 
crank to pass the center easily, conse- 
quently it is much more severe work, 
and more expensive for the engine to 
run a very slow rate of speed, than it 
would be to run at a reasonable rate, 
Bay fifteen miles per hour, for a five 
foot wheel engine. 

Then again, to be required upon all 
occasions to run at a uniform rate of 
speed, very materially increases the 
expense of hauling heavy freight trains 
over all railroads that are bailt with 
numerous and variable grades. The 
advantages of a little headway in ap- 
proaching a grade, especially if it be a 
short one, must be apparent to every 
person th^t ever rode upon a locomo- 
tive, and the folly of setting brakes 
upon a train to prevent its running 
down a grade faster than eight miles 
per hoar, when there is another grade 
to ascend as soon as the down grade is 
passed, is to say the- least, poor economy 
— and is a cause of increasing, unneces- 
flarily, expense of fuel, and is much 
more severe upon the machinery of 
the engine, while it does not in any 
way conduce to the safety of the train, 
or the permanency of the track. The 

remark of the illustrious Stephenson 
before the English Parliament in re- 
gard to the immense strain upon the 
track, or a bridge at a high rate of 
speed, aptly illustrates the f *llaoy of 
the Gkpinions of many men in regard to 
speed of a railway train. He com- 
pared the passage of a train over the 
track or a bridge, to a person skating 
upon thin ice. The ice sustaining the 
skater at a uniform and * rapid speed, 
that would not hold for a moment 
under the shackling gait that many 
trains are required to approach and 
pass bridges. 

We do not wish to be understood as 
advocating reckless or fast running for 
freight trains. We think there is in- 
telligence and practical experience 
.possessed by the members of your 
Convention, sufficient to know that to 
run a heavy freight train economically 
and safely, the engineer must or .ought 
to be invested with power to use some 
discretion in regard to speed upon 
parts of the road. A little leniency in 
present rules, would often allow a train 
to safely make the meeting place, and 
thereby save hours Of time for the 
engine being on the road, and afford 
the opportunity of rest to all the men 
employed upon the train. 

It is hoped that your Convention 
will not pass over this matter as being 
out of their province. It is intimately 
connected with the expense account in 
your department, and it is clearly a 
matter that a mechanic should pass his 
judgment upon. 

Much more might be said to show 
the folly of requiring a heavy freight 
train to be always run at a uniform 
rate of speed, but knowing that we 
are addressing this communication to 
men who have been, many of them, 
practical engineers, we do not think it 
necessary to do more than call your 
attention to the subject. 

Hoping that your honorable body 
may be induced to give this subject 
the attention it demands, and assuring 
you that the engineers are anxious to 
carry out any suggestions you may 
have to make, believing that your Con- 
vention will bo productive of great 
good to the railroad interests of the 

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We moet respeoifoUy submit this 

GhabijKS Wilson, Q. 0. E. 
ChabiiBB FeliiOWs, F. G. a. E 
On motion, the report was adopted. 

C Wilson, Esq, Q. C, E, 

DoAB Snt : — ^Yonr commnnioation as 
enoloeed, was referred at our last annual 
session to the Committee on Corres- 
pondence. By their report I am 
directed to return the same to you, the 
subject referred to being beyond their 
proyince for action. 

I have the honor to be 

Very respectfully, 
Your ob*t seryant, 
L. P. DoDQB, Sec. 


If it is not within the * 'province" of- 
the Master Mechanic to provide against 
his engineers being overworked, then 
we do not understand the duties of a 
Master Mechanic. We ask what other 
official on a railroad is supposed to 
know whether the engineers are over- 
worked or not. The Superintendent 
knows whether all trains are run or 
not, but except he made special inquiry 
he oould not tell who run the engine. 
And in several instances where the 
engineers have been obliged to go to 
superior officials to obtain relief from 
being overworked, the remark has 
been made, "that we knew nothing 
about this matter, why did you not let 
U8 know before, we do not wish to have 
our engineers on duty so long that they 
cannot keep awake, and thereby endan- 
ger the safety of all the trains on the 
road ; we will see that arrangements 
are made to obviate your complaints in 
the future." Now I do not suppose 
that there is a Master Mechanic in the 
country but what would feel offended 
if the engineers went to their superior 
officers with complaints of being over- 
worked ; yet the subject is beyond their 

Gentlemen it is an evasion of the 
complaint to say that it is not within 
your "province," i^nd as long as the 
facts exist that many of the accidents 
that occur are chargeable directly to 
this practice of overworking the engi- 
neers, you are the responsible party. 

We have no disposition to interfere 
with the system of running adopted on 
the various roads by the Master 
Mechanics, but we do protest against 
keeping a man running a locomotive 
engine from fifteen to forty-eight 
hours without rest. That this over- 
work is done any one can satisfy them- 
selves by enquiring of the engineers 
on many of the railroads throughout 
the country. And it should be within 
the "province" of some official to see 
that a remedy was applied. 

The other matter alluded to in the 
communication is of a scientific char- 
acter, when considered solely on the 
ground of economy, and it is clearly 
a matter that a mechanic should be 
able to give his opiuion upon. And I 
believe that Master Mechanics when 
in Convention, could render much 
greater service to the Bailroad com- 
panies by demonstrating the safest and 
most economical rates of speed for 
trains, than by attending exclusively 
to mechanical designs and quality of 

I have not time to pursue this sub- 
ject farther at the present time, but 
hope to find time in the future to dis- 
cuss these complaints until the proper 
remedy is applied. 

Chables Wilson, G. C.E. 

m ^ m 

CENTRAIilA, Ilili., ) 

, December 18, 1870. J 

Broihefrs Wilson <ft Fellows .'—Permit 

me once more to occupy a corner of 

your interesting Monthly. The last 

two numbers have been more than in- 

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terestmg. I think the one containing 
the proceeding at NashYille, and the 
welcome to Engineers, especially so. 
How gratifying this most be to you 
all, as well as to your friends, that you 
have receiyed such public recognition 
nnsonghi Your merits and bearing 
have won it for yoo. No greater proof 
is required of progref^s and standing 
than this. Bat I want to ask Mr. 
Sherman if he really believes that the 
Southern ladies think more of the 
Engineers than we of the North. I 
don't know how it may be where he 
came from, but I know they don't 
think more of the Engineers than I do, 
and I know too, that as a general thing 
the ladies here think just as much of 
you as the ladies of Nashville can. 
Please remember it was the Northern 
ladies gave you the first encourage- 
ment, and don't go back on them in 
that way. I had formed a very high 
opinion of Mr. Sherman, from reading 
his advice to his Brothers in the Joub- 
KAii, and I am sorry he uttered that 
sentiment, I hope he is the only one 
that does think so, for I believe eveiy 
one of your lady friends here at home 
will feel hurt . We do not say as much 
probably as our Southern sisters, but 
it is not because we don't feel just as 
deeply, and think just as much of you. 
But perhaps Mr. Sherman is one of 
those men that are easily flattered, if 
80, 1 do not wonder, for really, the wel- 
come you received was enough to turn 
the heads of any other men except 

Bat what has become of C. E., I 
think "Clara" and < 'Warren Station" 
let him slip out of their war, entirely 
too easy, but as they have conolu^d 
to **keep the peace," we won't say any- 
thing more about it. 

And now a word in regard to the 
poetry. Some pieces are real gems, 

and because of these, dear friends, 
when a less worthy article finds its 
way into the columns of our favorite, 
be charitable. 

In conclusion, I hope the day will 
soon come when our engineers will all 
be true christians. May God bless you 
one and all, and give yon a Merry 
Christmas, a prosperous and Happy 
New Year. H. R A. 

Columbia Division, ) 
No. 104, B. opL.E. J 
Messrs, Wilson A FeUows : 

I have not seen anything in our 
JouBNAii from this Division lately, 
therefore I will submit a few ideas. I 
have often thought that our Brother 
Engineers do not understand the nat- 
ural principles of water, the element 
we make such great use of. Pure wa- 
ter consists of two simple substances^ 
namely: oxygen and hydrogen ; the 
former exists in common air. Pure 
water we can heat to 212 degrees of 
heat ; we can increase our fire only to 
make it evaporate faster; so long as it 
contains the natural air or oxygen we 
can make it acquire no greater heat, 
but whenever it loses its natural quan- 
tity of air we can heat it as hot as al- 
most any other body, until it becomes 
a blue gas. Now if we pump fresh 
water into the boiler in this state or 
case, it would be converted into steam 
immediately, and is it any wonder thai 
there are explosions when we consid- 
er that it increases eighteen hundred 
times, that is one pint of water mak- 
ing eighteen hundred pints of steam* 
and herein lies its great power, the 
expansive force. I will give>ouan 
instance. Some fifteen years ago X 
was running a large Baldwin engine, 
and Mr. Wesley Mjers, one of our 
present officers here on the Pennnyl- 
vania Central, was firiu^ for me. Our 

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engine had stood full of water blowing 
off for half an hour or more, and of 
course more air escaping than fluid in 
proportion to the body lost, so that 
when we started with our train the 
fluid remaining in the boiler being so 
hot, and the pump being turned on 
full, that steam was generated so fast 
that it oould not escape or be used; 
the consequence was that one of the 
Tivets connecting a brace on the rear 
end of the boiler went out with great 
force, and as I was leaning over to- 
ward the fireman's side of the engine 
to get a view across the curve in the 
road, there were two buttons blown 
off my vest either by the rivet or by 
the force of steam following. 

Now, Brothers, we are taught by 
Philosophy that there is not one atom 
or particle more or less of matter now 
than there was at the time of the crea- 
tion, and all earth and material there- 
in is termed matter, including our 
great agent water, and when we con- 
aider there are one thousand engines 
running to-day, one hundred miles 
each every day, using one barrel of 
water each every mile run, besides 
yast quantities of fuel, does it not 
seem strange ; it certainly does until 
we consider that hydrogen will heat 
and bum and change those bodies in- 
to other forms, such as moisture and 
smoke. There is another matter that 
appears strange on first view, and it is 
nothing more than the free circulation 
of the water in the boiler when there 
is the usual pressure carried, but when 
we consider that there is fifteen 
pounds of atmospheric pressure to the 
square inch on all parts of our bod- 
ies, and we circulate or move about 
freely, the pressure being equal on all 
sides, we do not notice any inconven- 
ience ; the same in the boiler, the 
preesore being equal on aU parts. 

Now, Brothers, if I have made any 
mis-statements, and they will bring 
some other Brother out to correct 
them, and we are benefitted by his ex- 
planations, then my object in writing 
these few lines will be accomplished. 
Yours truly, 

R. O. Young. 
Columbia, Pa. 

BooHBSTBR, Dec. 14, 1870. 
Messrs. Wilson d Fellows : 

The book for the use of the Broth- 
erhood of Looom otive Engineers up- 
on which we are now engaged, is pro- 
gressing very well, considering the 
few disadvantages under which we are 
working. We have now concluded to 
make the book one which we trust 
will find a welcome among your frater- 
nity generally, and one which will also 
be a genial fireside companion in the 
engineer's family circle. The book 
will contain between sixty and seventy 
pages and will be nicely bound. 

As nearly the whole contents of this 
work will be original, we think it im- 
possible to produce it inside of five or 
Eix months ; but we will do our utmost 
to get it out before, if possible. It 
will be divided into two parts, the first 
comprising a set of hymns, opening, 
closing, initiation, dedication and fu- 
neral, for use in the services of the 
divisions. The second part will con- 
sist entirely of songs which we hope 
may not only interest the engineer, 
but also those not of the profession. 
To state the matter briefiy, we are 
using our best energies to produce 
something good, and of a character 
which may cause us no shame or after 
regret, and the fraternity no dislike of 
receiving it. 

Yours respectfully 


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Kindness and Harsliness Contrasted. 


The ma aad wind, one sammer's day. 
Both chaaoed to journey the same way. 
And still as side by side they walked. 
On many themes they social talked. 
Their convtosation turned, at lenirth, 
On their own might and power and strength*; 
And though before they had agreed 
In views expressed, yet here, indeed. 
They differed wide, for each contended 
In him the height of power was blended. 
The sun averred that in his beams. 
Which o'er the world in glory streams. 
Lay ever matohlees power and might— 
That warmth and beauty, glory, light, 
All came from him, and him alone— 
That when he set they all were gone— 
That should he ceaee his beams to shed 
O'er all the world, then dark and dead 
This world and all it holds would be- 
That all the beauteous forms we see, 
And all that charms the eye and ear 
Would then forever disappear. 
And what, he claimed, enhanoed this good, 
lie feared was not half understood. 
Which wa«. that all was freely given. 
And that no gill, to man firom Heaven, 
Came with more (iree or blest intent. 
Than did his beams, so freely sent. 
And therefore, since his potent ray 
Exerted such a mighty sway 
O'er all the world, and yet no force 
Or harshness over marked its course. 
It followed that in kindness dwelt 
A power and might that would bo felt. 
And which forever would prevail 
Where force and harshness still should fail 
The SUB thus argued, but the wind. 
With equal warmth, claimed all mankind— 
All beasts and birds— whatever lives 
Upon the earth, obedience gives. 
And gives at once— with no delay. 
Where might and power exert full sway: 
They readily yield to all demands. 
Where force and sternness lay commands: 
That when we gentle ways pursued. 
And ceased to be both stem and rude. 
And strove from harshness to refrain. 
And sought by kindness still to gain 
The aims and ends we had in view, 
Nine times in ten it would prove true 
That in our object we should &il ; 
And naught would half so well prevail 
As firmness, harshness, power and force, 
For naught ooold item their mighty oousse* 

Besides all this, the lofty mind. 
Bom to oommand and sway mankind. 
Its dignity loses and self respect. 
When Wished for ends it would effect 
Through any cringing, servile way. 
Toward those whose duty 'Us to obey. 

**But little honor would there be— 
But little pleasure can I see 
In a half fearfiil, fawning course, 
As though we deprecate all foroe^ 
As though half doubtful, half afraid. 
We trembling uk to be obeyed ; 
Yes, trembling, we obedience seek 
From those who should tremble when we speak Z 
Nay, give to me the opp'site course, 
That dares to use both might and force— 
That to its will all obiects bond, 
0/ will those ohiects tear and rend ; 
As when I, in wrath, the forests shake. 
The tree that will not bend ehaU break 1" 

Thus did the Wind and thus the San 
Still argue, as they journeyed on. 
But failed, as disputants ever do. 
To change, in the least, each other's view; 
But, wisely, at last, they, both agreed 
To put to the test each other's creed; 
And seeki-ng an object on which to try 
Their boasted powers, they both espy 
A traveler journeying on the way. 
And soon it is agreed that they 
Will on him test their different creeds. 
And then the one who best succeeds 
With greatest promptness to remove 
The stranger's cloak— this act shall prov* 
Which creed or theory is the best. 
And this vexed question put to rest. 

And first the Wind eesays to show 
The Sun his power, and let him know 
With how much ease— with what eelat 
He can pr«ceed— how better far 
Succeeds a stern relentless course. 
Than gentle and persuasive force. 
He now distends his massive chest-' 
Inflates his lungs— expands his breast. 
His cheeks puff out, and forth there goeB» 
From out his lips, a blast that blows 
With fieroest roarings o'er the plain ; 
(Such blasts wreck shipe along the main.) 
With roarings loud the mighty blast 
Falls on the traveler— In its grasp 
It teisee and it whirls him round- 
It oasts him headlong to the ground. 
And seeks his cloak to fieroely tear 
From off his person ; straggling there 
Like one bewildered and afVald* 
OonAiaed, alanned and half dismayed* 
The traveler gains onee more his feet* 
And tries, as best he may, to meet 
The sudden and relentkas storm ; 
He clasps his aloak around his form. 

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And seeks its folds to closer bind. 
While still with greater force the wind 
BriTes on his blasts that fiercely roar. 
And round the man in whirlwinds poir. 
Bat all in vain the fierce assanlt. 
The wind now finds itself at fault; 
Bespits all blasts it can invoke. 
The traveler stil] retains his cloik ; 
And nearly spent and oat of breath. 
The wind unto his rival saith : 

"I could remove the stranger's cloak. 
Though all his bones I crushed and broke ; 
Bat rather than his form to tear. 
Or do him harm I will forbear ; 
But still this very slight display— 
This merely short— this brief essay 
Of will and force, put forth by me. 
Will now at once lead you to see 
That firmness, might, determined will. 
Moat every wished for end fiilfilL" 

"I see, my friend," the Sun replie J, 
•That though your boasted powers you've tried. 
And though you did such force invoke, 
The traveler still retains his cloak. 
But now in turn I will proceed 
To show that kindness will succeed-- 
That often gentle means prevail 
Where force and harshness still shall fail." 

At once the sun wreathes all his face 
In genial smiles of winning graoe. 
And forth his golden, radiant beams. 
In glowing warmth and beauty streams 
Upon the way;— with fevid heat 
His mys upon the traveler beat 
BeooYering from his hrte amaze, * 

The traveler feels the genial blaie 
Infuse new vigor through his form. 
So buffeted by the recent storm ; 
And as the warmth stiU deeper grows. 
He quick unbinds his cloak and throws 
Its folds aside, and soon hath made 
Quick haste to reach the load-side shade. 

To those who read this simple verse 
It scarcely needs I should rehearse 
The lesson and the moral taught. 
To which I crave a moment's thought : 

To almost every human heart 
The love of power seems to impart 
The fond desire to hold command 
O'er ail our kind, and have them stand 
Completely subject to our will ; 
And oft the wish our hearts doth fill 
That o'er the world we reigned supreme ; 
And he who should dare, or even dream 
Oar right to question or gainsay. 
Him would we sweep fVom out our way. 
And fipom the world— tiU every soul 
Sbonld sul^eot be to our eontrol. 
To gain oar wish we have retouioe 

To might, to harshness and to force 
Xor dream there dwells in kindness— love 
A power that even the world shall move. 
Along the rugged steeps whence pour 
Niagara's floods, with ceaseless roar. 
Nor fhiitfhl fields, nor waving grain. 
Nor meads appear, nor smiling plain . 
But see* along yon sunny stream. 
That peaceful flows its banks between. 
What trees, what plants, what flowers adorn. 
What wealth spreads out of waving com I 

„, „^ 0. H. Bbowk. 


' » ♦ » . 

Headquarters of the G. I. D. 

For the last five years the members 
of the Brotherhood have beea disooas- 
ing the necessity of having some per- 
manent location for the transaction of 
their business. The question was once 
submitted to the various sub-divisions 
*' whether they were in favor of hav- 
ing a permanent location for the G. I. 
D. or not?''— and the vote was nearly 
unanimous in the affirmative. We do 
not recoljeot of ever discussing the 
subject with a brother that did not ad- 
mit the necessity of having some per- 
manent place to transact the business 
of the Brotherhood. 
• The Journal has attained a circula- 
tion that would cause great inconven- 
ience and expense, if we were obliged 
to change location every year. 

The business of the office is of such 
magnitude that we are obliged to com- 
mence to arrange for the succeeding 
JouBNAii as soon as one month's issue 
is mailed, Now what kind of shape 
would our business be in if we were 
obliged to break up and move every 
year ; making new contracts for print- 
ing, and getting the whole machinery 
of our business in working order. I 
yenture the assertion that we haye not 
a brother in our organization that 
would Pole to move the G. I. D. office 
after he had spent one week in the of- 
fice and witnessed the amount of bos* 

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iness that is to be done, unlees there 
were serious objections to the locality 
where it was located. Yerj much de- 
pends upon stability for the success of 
any kind of business, and the history 
of the Brotherhood proves that it re- 
quires a long time to get all our corre- 
spondents informed of a change in our 
location. In moving from Fort Wayne 
to Cleveland, notwithstanding ample 
notice was given, letters were sent to 
Fort Wayne for the G. L D. office for 
six months after it had been moved to 

It has been thought advisable by 
msmy of our brothers for several years 
to get the Brotherhood incorporated, 
and in view of attaining that object 
inquiries have been made, and the 
conclusion is that the G. I. D. can be- 
come incorporated in a State and 
thereby issue charters to sub-divisions 
in other States, that would constitute 
them legal bodies. Now, I &sk, would 
it be a good business transaction to 
get incorporated in Ohio this year, 
and next year move to Indiana? A 
band of gypsies might, with the same . 
property, get incorporated in a State, 
when they intend to roam through all 
States and countries. If the Brother- 
hood ever attains any great eminence, 
it will do so by having one permanent 
location for its business and for its 

Our present location is much the 
best that can be made, with one ex- 
ception ; that is, the inconvenience of 
finding a convenient residence for 
your officers at reasonable rates. 

As being a point easy of access for 
both passengers and mails it cannot 
be excelled. It is in the most centra) 
point if we divide by divisions east 
and west of a line drawn due north 
and south] from Cleveland, On the 

whole we do not believe that any fair- 
minded brother could come to any 
other conclusion, than to admit that 
Cleveland is the best place to transact 
the business of the G. I. D. if he 
would fully investigate the whole sub- 
ject and then decide on its merits. 

A "notion " seller was offering Yan- 
kee clocks, finely varnished and col- 
ored, and with a looking-glass in 
front, to a certain lady not remarka- 
ble for personal beauty. " Why, it's 
beautiful," said the vender- •* Beau- 
tiful, indeed ! a look at it almost 
frightens me ! " said the lady. "Then, 
marm," replied Jonathan. "I guess 
you'd better buy one that hain't got 
no looking-glass ! " 

New Constitutions are now ready. 

Wanted — To know the whereabouts 
of John Wright. He was employed 
before the war as an engineer on the 
O. & M. B. E., and during the war he 
was conductor on a Supply Train, 
South. Since the war he is reported 
as running an engine on the Hannibal 
& St. Joseph K. B. Any information 
in regard to his present address sent 
to this office will be thankfully re- 

The Express Companies. 

The managers of the various Ex- 
press Companies throughout the coun- 
try, have generously granted us the 
privilege of shipping the Enoinisbbs' 
Monthly JouBNAL,/rw, to any points 
where we have Sub-Divisions, and 
we have been under many obligations 
to our neighbors, the express men, for 
many favors, ever since .we were or- 
ganized as a Brotherhood. All that 
participated in the entertainment given 
to our Convention at Nashville, by the 

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Express Companies, will remember 
with pride that oooaaion, while life 
lasts, and the faot that the Express 
Messenger is so near the Engineer in 
the hour of danger, should make them 
warm friends and kindly- neighbors. 

In view of the many favors eon- 
Atantlj received from the various Ex- 
press Companies and their employees 
and agents, we earnestly request that 
every member of the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive engineers, will use his ut- 
most endeavors to accommodate all 
agents and employees of the Express 
Companies, in every way possible that 
is consistent wilh their duties to the 
Baibroad Companies that employ them. 
We take this opportunity to return 
our grateful thanks to all the gentle- 
men connected with the Express Com- 
panies who have extended to us 
so many favors. We could mention 
many names of officers and agents that 
will ever be held in grateful remem- 
brance by us, but for fear that some 
might be forgotten, we tender our 
thanks to all alike. 

Hoping that the friendship now ex- 
isting between the Express men and 
the Engineers may never be severed 
by intention or accident, and that ev- 
ery Engineer will use his utmost en- 
deavors to repay the kindly favors so 
generously bestowed upon them, we 
are, with kind regards to all, 
Fraternally yours . 
ChabijBs Wilson, G. 0. E. 

ChabijBs FeiiIiOws, F. G. A. E. 
• ^ > 
Oswego, Dec. 8th, 1870. 

Brothers Wilson & Fellows—As 
tHe time approaches when we are to 
decide the question iu regard to the dis- 
tribntioii of the Widows and Orphans 
Fond, permit pae as a member of the 
Brotherhood, to offer a few suggestions 
on the subject in connection with a plan 

which I hope will excite the general at- 
tention of the different Divisions of 
our Order, and lead to a discussion 
which will result in the adoption of the 
wisest course, whatever that course may 
be. In union there is strength, is an 
adage which applies to our association, 
as well as other bodies organized in 
fraternal compact, and as "money is 
power," let us unite in keeping our power 
in the mass, and thus be enabled to coni- 
fer the greatest good upon the greatest 
number, in a word instead of filtering 
away our respectable substance in the 
aggregate, by returning to each Division 
its meagre share of the accumulated 
funds with which but little good can be 
accomplished, and that of a temporary 
character, let us unite in founding a 
home for disabled engineers and the 
orphan children of members of the 
Brotherhood, the last to enjoy all the 
advantages of a systematic course of 
education, under the care of competent 
teachers, while safely sheltered during 
their infantile years, from the tempta- 
tions and hardships of a pitiless world. 
I need not dwell on the lasting and inesti- 
mable blessings we should thus be the 
means of conferring on individuals, as 
well as the world at large, for the eye of 
every Brother can read in the future, as 
on an illuminated page, the happy con- 
sequences resulting from such a course, 
and while he reflects with pride on the 
honorable character of our Order, he can 
feel assured of the sympathy and respect 
of the good, who will not be slow to recog- 
nize the worth of our scheme, while they 
will aid us accordingly, for that, we may 
in the future be compelled to ask pecuni- 
ary assistance in the maturing of the 
plan proposed, is not improbable, and 
why should we not? Other societies 
with weaker claims on human sympathy 
have done and are still doing the same. 
Temples and monuments are thus reared; 
towns and cities are thus beautified, bu* 

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this last an after consideration. With 
our present means we can make a begin- 
ning, and to that end I would suggest 
that a small farm of one or two hundred 
acres be purchased in the vicinity of 
some thriving western city or town, on 
which for the accommodation of the occu- 
pants, suitable buildings might be erected, 
while the farm, under judicious manage- 
ment, would yield ample provisions for 
all. The whole system to be under the 
control of a Board of Directors appointed 
by the Grand Division. What say you 
Brothers ? Our institution, though of a 
few years growth, is prosperous, in '\ 
moral as well as pecuniary sense. We 
have grown up from an obscure and in- 
significant beginning to a power of no 
mean strength in the land. To our 
motto of "Truth, Sobriety, Justice and 
Morality," let us add charity also, as we 
should have done at first, but which we 
may now do, since we have proved how 
truly that blessed principle has been 
silently acting in the economy of our 
growing institution. And let us hence- 
forth unite in remembering our super- 
anuated and disabled veteran Brothers, 
for whom no provision has been made. 
Think of it, we may not all prosper, 
some there are among us who will doubt- 
less meet those reverses which are inci- 
dent to life, and to the more fortunate 
compeers of their suffering Brothers it is 
of no consequence, what was the cause 
of his misfortune, enough for them to 
know that he is unfortunate- How piti- 
ful, how sad his condition, afler ycars^ of 
unremitting toil, interspersed with hair- 
breadth escapes from death, in the decline 
of life, his services no longer required, 
without home, friends or kindred, the 
acuteness of his mental suffering sharp- 
ened by the reflection that it is too late 
to rectify the mistakes of his past life, to 
such an one how welcome the haven of 
rest his own hands had helped to build in 
days gone by; he can enter its hospitable 
encioBure with manhood and self respect, 

intact his heart swelling with gratitude, 
while his countenance beams with a com- 
mendable pride. Brothers I leave the 
subject to your kind consideration. God 
will bless us in our undertaking and suc- 
cess attend our efforts, and at the close 
of life we may look back with the pleas- 
ing reflection, that in our prosperity we 
remembered the widow and orphan, and 
when time shall be no more, we shall be 
assembeld in that Brotherhood on high, 
that place not made with hands, eternal 
and in the Heavens. 

T. J. Wheatox. 

Dkar Joorkal — Here I have wasted 
two whole hours of my pr*»cious time in 
writing a nice Christmas letter for you, 
congratulating myself meanwhile in being 
so well through with the war of words 
between Clara and myself; when, 
behold ! she has broken out in a new 
spot, and couldn't rest until she had 
culled me a few more pretty names. 
When she bade us all good-bye after that 
fifteen minutes stretch of her imagina- 
tion, I supposed she had retired from the 
scene ot action ; but she evidently 
imagines that the Journ'al readers are 
so affectionately inclined toward her that 
one fond fareWv^U is not sufficient, and 
revokes the firdt leave-taking in .order to 
pass through the trying ordeal of parting 
a second time. I suppose she wouldn^t 
have put in an appearance again if any 
one had considered it worth while to 
notice her before, and respond a hearty 
"Good by, and God bless you," but fail- 
ing to attract attention, and findinj;^ she 
had inot annihilated the "enemy," she 
bears down with considerable force and 
quotes scripture wrong end first, in order 
to exterminate me completely and effect- 
ually. But I'm worth half a dozen dead 
people yet. 

From the readiness and precision with 
which she handles military phrases, we 
are led to inter that she was in the army! 
Not being in any way connected with the 
"late unpleasantness" and not aspiring to 
the distinction of a "sharp-shooter" my- 
self, but would like to know in what capa- 
city the lady was connected with the late 
"terrible rebellion." Did she aspire to 
the position of a modern Joan of Arc ? 
Because if she did, her failure in that 
direction was as perceptible as it is in 
one we are all more intimately acquainted 
with. What are her implements of war? 
Not the pen, we feel confident, for her 
last two effusions have a decidedly some- 

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body else-ish (a new word) tenor. Won- 
der if she did not borrow the brains of that 
model man, who officiates in the capacity 
of a "hen-pecked'* husband, to assist her 
Iq getting off a few bright original re- 
marks ? 

Compares me to a lion, doesn'4; she ? 
Really, I wonder if the lady knows 
she has paid me a very flattering compli- 
ment ? Why, the lion is king of beasts! 
the terror of the forest I and if I hold 
a position among my fellow-beings as 
elevated as the noble old king of all ani- 
mals does among the inhabitants of the 
woods, then am I indeed vested with 
mif^ht and power; my right there is none 
to dispute. So beware how you provoke 
my anger, or you will be "devoured," 
and possibly hear me "roar" as Clara 
Bays. By-the-way, what has become of 
that point you intended to make, Clara? 
I fear it is to be found among the missing. 
Isn t your head slightly turned in the 
direction of the lunatic asylum ? Just 
listen, *'Our good friend M. wasn't con- 
scious of the result her rich food would 
have on weak stomachs not capable of 
disposing of it properly." Now this 
statement is not consistent with the 
"lion" part of the story. If you under- 
stood yonrself a little better you would 
know that to resemble the aforesaid lion, 
I must necessarily be endowed with excel- 
lent digestive orsans- Besides, the lions 
I have had the pleasure of meeting, never 
roamed abont "picking up stray bones." 
You are not well posted on the lion ques- 
tion, are you? Take the advice of a 
friend and read up before writing again. 
Or maybe you would be well to be silently 
eloquent for a lapse of time. Why I that 
boy isn't enjoying a ghost of a chance 
for a bringing np. Just as soon as you 
can talk advisedly on the LION, I will 
be delighted to hear from you I 

Until then, I remain, wishing every one 
a Merry Christmas and Happy New 
Year, Warren Station. 

NoTK— The style of the last eommunioation 
nom ''Clara," with tbe above reply, is a little too 
personal for oar columns, and we think the par- 
ties are abont even now, and we respectfaUy sug- 
ffest that they give us somethins: that will be of 
general intereat to the readers of the Joubstal.— 


We are obliged to call the attention of 
all Sub-Divisions to the necessity of 
abridging their Notices of Obituaries, 
Presentations, and Vote of Thanks, and 
ov advice is to send only a synopsis of 

the sermons that are delivered for thei' 
special benefit 

We are as anxious as any of the imme- 
diate friends of our deceased Brothers to 
show them all proper respect, but a little 
reflection will convince any Brother that 
a great share of the matter contained in 
such notices possesses only a local inter- 
est, and they should be all written with a 
view to set forth the virtues, and express 
the sorrows, or thanks in such a way as 
will interest the whole Brotherhood, al- 
ways remembering the limited space of 
your little Journal. We have great 
respect, and acknowledge the utility of 
the Sermons that are sent to this office 
for publication, but the same objections 
exists against inserting them that is made 
against long Obituaries, Presentation 
Notices, and Votes of Thanks, "Want of 
space." We shall be glad to give all 
matters referred to above, a brief notice, 
that shall contain all that will be of gen- 
eral interest* 

We cannot leave out interesting com- 
munications and correspondence without 
doing an injury to our cause, and we 
must all keep in view the one grand object 
of our organization, to the exclusion of 
all sectional or sectarian matters as refer- 
red to in Article 4, Section 1, Constitu- 
tion and By-Laws. 

The attentio i of all friends of the 
Journal is respectfully called to the 
notice entitled "Locomotive Engineer's 
Journal for 1871," which will be found in 
another part ot this Journal 

The attention ot every member of the 
B. of L. E. is called to the ''Special 
Notices^' which appear in every number 
of the Journal. 

Like your time cards, we wish you to 
note important changes from month to 
month, and see to it that your Divisions 
take action accordingly. 

Subscribers wishing a change wade in 
the direction of the Journal will please 
state where it was sent before. It is 
almost impossible to find the name with- 
out much waste of time, when they simply 
say, send my Journal to such a place, 
and not give the present address. 

Hoping that every friend of the Jour- 
nal will continue to send contributions 
that will have a tendency to improve and 
elevate the condition of Eng^ineers, and 
at the same time possess merit enough to 
insure their reading by every subscriber 
of the Journal. 

We most respectfully snbmit this com- 
munication. Wilson & Fellows. 

Digitized by 





Bbothir WiLSOif.— As onr litlle Jourhal is 
amonff ensineere a sort of family aCTAir, and we 
seem to be welcome to the ura of its columns, to 
oommanicate any matter of interest to ourselves 
'and Brothers, I beg leive to submit to sou the 
following communication. 

thought that our loss will be the gain of those 
whom you are going amonv. We bid you God 
epeod then in your new field of labor, renting 
assured th%t the sound moral influence you have 
by your daily walk and conversation exerted 
among us, for a s^re of years, will not be lost 
among the new friends and associates you are 
about to make. And now for the surprise I am 
authorised by these, your Brothers here assem- 
bled, to present you this volume of Webster's 
Un-ioridgei Pictorial Dictionary. It may seem 
at first, a strange selection to have mside, but 
having known you for years to have been an 
earnest seeker after the hidden mysteries of 
nature, philosophy, science and art, we thought 
it would be a valuable a<}sistant to you in those 
researches. Take it. then. sir. Oarry it with 
you to your new home in the far distant we^t, 
and whenever you turn for Information to its 
valuable page^ or glance at the inscription on 
its cover, remember there are warm hearts in 
Greenbush that ^ill ever breath a prayer for the 
tuture happiness, well-being and worldly pros- 
perity of yourself and family. 

Brother Anthony, visibly affected, replied as 
follows : 

Brothers —This is too much, more than I ex- 
peoted. more than [ deserve. I shall ever pre- 
serve this beautiful present, not only on account 
of its intrinsic valu^ but of the pleasant associa- 
tions connected with it I can say no more, my 
heart is too full for expression. I can only thank 
you for this kind exnibition of your friendship 
towards me, and let y >ur imagination supply 
what I w >uld say, could I find words to express 
my feelings. 

A package opened aftor Brother Anthony was 
irone, wai fouild to contain a nice two foot role 
for each of the thirty-throe eo^nMn, and a 

beautiful case of drafting too's for Bro, Pnrres. 
Such little incidents are particularly pleasant, 
as showinflf to the public that we are a Brother- 
hood in spirit, as well as in name. 
Communicated by roquest 

F. B. Oahrdt. 


MojTFANi, Doc. 3d, 1870. 

At a meeting of the Montana Division No. 6, 
Brotherhood of Locfbmotive Engineers, held at 
their Hall on Saturday evening, December 3d. 
1870, the following resolutions were passed : 

i2e«o/9(«/. That this Division return their jin- 
cere thanks to Rev. A. H. Sweetter, for his very 
able aldress delivered before the Division, on 
Sunday evening, December 27, 1870. 

Jien'Hved, That these re6r)lntions be published In 
the Monthly Joobnal, Boone County Democrat 
and Montana Standard. 

f;^S- }Co«mia-. 

At the regular stated meeting of We^t Phila- 
delphia Division No. 45, B. of \t. B,. held in their 
Hall, on Saturday evening, June 18th. 1870, it 
was unanimously re«)lved to tender a rote of 
thanks to the Key. Mi. Hinson, Pastor of the 
Emory M. E. Church, for the able and eloouent 
sermon delivered to the West Philadelphia Diri- 
•ion No. 45. B, of L. B. on Sunday, May 15th, 

ReitnJved^ That we will ever remember with in- 
terest the ie«on taught in the discourse. How 
beautiful and yet how true you pointed out to us 
the great fact that we are i^assing away, and ad- 
vising us to get on that Railroad of which Christ 
our redeemer has charge of. That when we 
have done with eartu, we may get aboard of that 
train that will land us at the last station on high 
around our Father's throne. 

RmalvBiU That the Rey. Mr. Hinson aeoept our 
thanks, with our best wishes for his future suc- 
cess in life, and that his ministry m%y be rewarded 
with the welcome sound of **well done thou good 
and faithftil servant, enter into the joys of thy 


Hrnry Maorb. ^Committee. 
Groroi Bowrbs. ) 


DncD at Schenectady, N. Y.. Nov. 8, 1870, of 
Bronchitus, Brother Henry Harvey, aged 4'J 
years. He was a worthy member of Albany Di- 
\ision. No. 46 of the B. of L. E. Brother Harvey 
commenced running a locomotive on the Albany 
and Schenectady R. R., in 1849, and in 1850 ho 
wfts employed by the Hudson River R. K Co. 
He was one of the first engineers running on 
that road and remained there for two years. He 
has been running on the Utica and Sohenectady 
Division of the N. Y. C. R- R. for the last 18 years. 
He was buried on Sunday aflerooon, Nov. 13, in 
Sale Cemetery and his funeral was attended by 
many friends. His remains were taken charge 
of and buried by the members of Albany Divi- 
sion, No. 46, and with the beautiful and impres- 
sive ceremony and burial rites of the Brother- 
hood, his body was consigned to the grave. His 
fhneral wai attended hy members of Utioa 
Division, No. 14: Rochester Division, No. 

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Greenboflh Divigion, No. 59; Troy Division, No. 
17: alfo by members of the Maaonio fraternity of 
Sehenectady tnd Utioi^ and members of the 
LoeomotiTe Firemen's Union No. 3 of Albany, 
and No. 56 of (jreenbosh. 

Brothec Hary«y has been a worthy member of 
the Brotherhood since its first organization. He 
was Delegate of Dirision 14 of Utica. at the 
Indianapolis Convention in 1864, and was a 
DelepUe of Schenectady Division, No. 83. at the 
Cincinnati Convention in i867. . He was Chief of 
the Schenectady Division np to the time of its 
eoDsoHdation with ihe Albany Division. 

Brother Harvey leaves a fond and lovins wife, 
two ions and a danghter, whe watched over him 
niirht and day throogh his lonf illness of two 
Tears to monm the loes of a kind husband and a 
loring father: may his soul rest in peace and his 
memory find a sacred place within the hearts of 
his friends and companions. 

At a regular meeting of Division No. 46 of Al- 
bany of the B. of L. E. held at their Hall on 
Wednesdaf evening. Nov. 23, 1870, the following 
preamble and resolutions were unanimously 

Whucab. after a lingering illnen Ood. in his 
infinite wisdom, has called from earth to Heaven 
oar worthy Brother Henry Harvey, who died at 
SchenecUdy. N. Y.. Nov 8, 1870. Therefore, be it 

Raofved, That in the death of Brother Harvey 
thip division has lost one of its oldest and most 
faithful members and we sincerely mourn his 
low and desire to mingle our tears of sorrow with 
tho99 of the bereaved family and friends of our 
deceased Brother, and we tender them our sym- 
pathy in their affliction. 

Rftnlve-u That to the relatives of the deceased 
and to the bereaved widow, we tender our heart- 
felt sympathy in their hours of sorrow, and for 
consolation commend them to Him who is the 
^ver of all things; and may the loved ones meet 
in that boundless reilm where loved ones know 
no parting. 

Hnolved, That we return our heartfelt thanks 
to Major Priest, Assistant Superintendent of the 
N. Y. C. R. R., for courtesios es tended to those 
wishing to attend the funeral, for which kind- 
nei's he shall ever be remembered, 

AWoft/, That we return our sincere thanks to 
the members of Division Nos. 14, 18. 59 and 87, 
t') the Masonic fraternity, and to the Locomotive 
Firemen's Union, for attending the funeral of 
»ar deceased Brother. 

Remiv^^ That the members of Division No. 46 
do hereby return their sincere thanks and heart- 
felt acknowledgements, for the courtesies and 
utention they received from the proprietors of 
the Schenectady Locomotive Works in furnish- 
ing all ne'weeary reAneshment for the members of 
the Brotherhood who attended the ftineral of our 
deceased Brother. 

Re^wi^ That we return our sincere thanks to 
Mr. 8. V- Suits, the gentlemanly proprie'or of 
<tivens' Hotel, and his assistants, for their kind 
Attention to the members of the Brotherhood. 

Rf^ved^ 1 hat the members of Division No. 46 
of Albany, return their sincere thanks to Mr. 
Kogg. foreman of No. 1 Fire Bngine Co.. for the 
^ of their beautiful room tor the members of 
the Brotherhood to meet in to make nrepara* 
Uons for attending the funeral of our deceased 

Renlvert, That a eopy of these resolutions be 
sent to the Engineers' Monthly Journal and to 
me Schenectady Evening Star and Daily Union, 
ror pnbli cation, and a copy to the family of our 
deceased Brother. 

Thomas Dormadt, ) 

John Fray k, > Committee. 

Thomas Coz, ) 

I . 

branoe of the past we pledge eunwlvee anew to be 
more earnest in falthrally discharging the duties 
we owe to God and our fellow men as Brothers 
of this noble order, and that when our last **run" 
is made, and the **station" reached with safe^, 
we may meet around the circle of that Grand 
Union and hear the Grand Chief say, ** Well 
done, good and faithf^ servants, enter ye into 
the kingdom of Heaven." 

Removed, That, as a token of respect for onr 
worthy Brother, it is ordered that our Hall be 
draped in mourning fbr the space of thirty days. 

Rmnlvwk That a copy of these resolutions, 
with a seal of the Division attached, be sent to 
the family of the deceasun) and be published in 
the Engineers' Monthly Journal 

WiLUAM CMtfMO.^8,) 

T. B. CuYLKR - Committee. 


Killed by collision, October 12th, 1870, Bro. H. 
B. y^itherell, Woousocket, R. L, in the 37th year 
of his age. A member of Prov. Division No. 57 
B. of L. E. He was buried by Independent 
t >rder of Odd Fellows of which he was a member. 
■His (\ineral was attended by the largest procession 
ever witnessed in Woonsocket. 

At a regular meeting of Prov. Division No 57, 
Brotherhood of Jjocomotive Engineers, the fallow- 
ing resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Another dear friend and Brother has suddenly 
passed (Vom our midst, leaving upon onr minds 
one great and loving commandment of our Messed 
Saviour, **Be ye also ready, for in such an hour as 
^ou think not the son of man cometh," remind- 
ing us that we too are mortal and may sood bo 
eatled, as was our Brother, Arom home, fHends, 
and even this world, without any warning. May 
we be like the prudent ones who, foreseeing the 
evil, hide ourselves in Him who alone is able to 

Whrskas. We feel it a duty devolving on us to 
manifest the sorrow we feel for the loes of » 
Brother whose memory will ever be dear to the 
hearts of every member of Division 57. Tnerefore 

RemUved, That by the death of Bro. Witfaerell, 
the Brotherhood has lost a true and valuable 
member, his associates a warm fKend and genial 
oompanion, the railroad officials a faithful and 
trustworthy engineer, and the family a kind hus- 
band and indulgent fiather. 

JieHolvei^ That we condole with the relatives 
and friends of the deceased, and especially to the 
desolate widow, would we extend our heartfelt 

Digitized by 




sympathy on thia mournful occiurioD, aMuringher 
that be wa^ houored and loved a« a man and 
brother by hia fellow engineers. 

Beaolved, That a» a token of respect of our 
deceased Brother, that our Charter be draped in 
mourning for the space of thirty days, and a copy 
of these resolutions with seal of Division attached, 
be presented to the family of our decease! 

Brnj. Haskbll, ^ 

CHK^TRB K. Lawton, >■ Commitfee. 

E. A. Taipp ) 

Dattox, 0., Nov., 1870. 

WflBRRAS. Division No. 28 has to record, for the 
first time, the death of one of its members : not a 
case of long and painful sickness, surrounded by 
near and dear friends, but by a sudden and 
tembie death And, 

Whkrbas, Brother Conrod Schifler was a man 
esteemed by all who knew him. Ue had served 
the C- S. & C- Go. for eighteen years, and at the 
time of the calamity was running the »ight ex- 
press, which was thrown from the track by cnva 
ties placed in a cattle guard by some fiend in 
human form. 

WafcitBAiit Goi, in his infinite wisdom, has 
seen fit to remove from our midst our well be- 
loved Brother Conrod Schifler, therefore, be it 

Rem*lvt*i, That whilst we mourn the loss of our 
dear Brother we will not forget that we too are 
mort«il— "That in the midst of life we are in 
deaths'—and accept it as a duty incilmbent on 
us to thus manient our sorrow. 

BenolvecU That wa deeply sympathize with tho 
bereaved family in this, their great affliction, 
for while they mourn the loss of a kind hui<ba.nd 
and father, we also miss one who has mingled 
with us in the fraternal bonds of the Brother- 

RemlwdL That the tlall of Division No. 2« of 
the B. of L- E., be drained in mourning for the 
iipace of thirty daya. 

Rfnoiveii, That the.«ie resolutions be entered 
upon the records of tho Division, and tbat a 
copy, with the seal of Division thereon, bo pre- 
sented to the family of tho deceased, al3», *to 
be published in the Locomotivk KNGiMKKas* 


Jons T. Wright.) 

Alkx. Lawkknte, > Conmittee. 

Wm . I. Wright, j 
The fireman, a brother to the engineer, wns 
al^o killed, and as an evidence of the esteem in 
which b.>th wero held amon« the men on tho 
road, the sum of three hundred dollars has been 
raised to procure a monument to their memory* 

Drath op .lARvra WrLUAM."^.— The death of this 
estimable gentleman, tho Tr^aiurer of the Ilink- 
ley & Williams Locomotive Work^, took place in 
this city on Saturday last. Mr. VVilliams wa^ an 
enterpriztng and energetic bu^ine^s man and his 
death is a great lo«8 to the oom'nunity. He was 
engaged in the foundry busines:^ in Maine, 
originally, but after ra^ds moved to Boston where 
he finally became intere-^ted in locomotive manu- 
facturing, reorganizing the business of the Hink- 
loy &, Drurv Works under it< present name of the 
Hinkley «k Williams Works, and by his energy 
and busincas tact infusing new life into it, extend- 
ing its operations and c<a,using it, in conjunction 
with it«i present active managers, to take its pre- 
sent high stand among the great manufacturing 
establishments of the S^ate. Subsequently he 
formed the snocesstul banking house of .Tarvis 
Williams & Sour. Mr. Williams has been ill 
since June last, but tho immediate cause of his 
dei&th was heart disease. He was a very kind 

and courtous gentleman and his loss will be 
severely felt by his family and numerous friends. 
— Botton Pafter. 

The Brjtherhood of Locomotive Engineers 
have lost a firm friend by the death of M.r. Wil- 
li.ims. It was from him the first money was 
received for advertising in this Jockxal: and 
every Delegate that was present at the Boston 
Convention will remember the kind reoeption 
and bountiful entertainment received from Mr. 
Williams and his Co-, at their works, during a 
viiit paid them by the whole <^onvention. Tae 
loss of such a man as ^Mr. VVilliams is greatly to 
bo deplored, and it will be hard to find another 
able to fill his place. His memory will ever be 
cherished by all Ioc3motive engineers that had 
the pleasure of h*s acquaintance- His work on 
earth was well done* Peace to his ashes and 
honor to his memory. 



No. 31. 


" 19... 


63 25 


*• 97... 



" 83... 


10 00 


•' 34... 

54 00 


" 1... 



Amount. | Div. No. 







10 00 

..... 28 50 
..... 2 00 

3 00 

1 00 

KAMR.^. AlfOlJNT. 

0. K. Foot $ 50 

H. C. Sheetz 1 IK) 

J. C. Ni-hols 4 00 

C. Tibbek I 00 

C. S. & (I- M. Brainard. :^3 

B. G. Webber - 1 (h3 

W. J. Howo 1 (W 

P. 0. Department TO 

J. S. Hoats 1 Oj) 

Total receipts for November, 1870 S176 27 

Cash on hand October 31 7,3«>t 21^ 

Total, 7.540 55 


Box of matches, 10; Error in footing expenm 
account for October, $1,10: Po«'tage stamps, t2.99: 
Gas bill for October, ISTO. S1.35: Posrage, <V?; 
t*ine. <55: one box, 25; Office rent for October. 
*70, $16.<»7; salary of b\ It. A, E. for November, 
1870, $125; stove pipe, $1.8 »; coal box. $5.75; ex- 
press charges. Sl.OO : pai i for coal and cartage, 
$10.25: gum arabic, 20; Nevins Bro-'s on account 
of Xovember bill. ^VJ; matting for pictures. 75; 
Cleveland Herald SI ; paper for sample, 2 1; reve- 
nue stamp, 31: paper wrap per.-^, 2,18; .*)')() envel- 
opes, $17.40 ; jsalary of G. C» E. lor November, 
1S70. $15«).00; H S. Brewer & Co. seal, $4.00; soap 
and cl«*.aning office. $1, )7. 

Total expenses for November, 1870, Sri9=?.32: 
Total cash on hand November. TO. 1870, $7,142 24. 

The following additional sums have been re- 
ceived for special purpose, since last report : 

Division No- 70 $14 85 

" 31 25 U) 

" 119 15 .50 

• 17 20 00 

" 75 12 00 

" 61 25 00 

*' 102 5 00 

$117 .^5 
Express charges on money package 50 

Total receipt" $116 85 

Digitized by 





In Dirision No. 67— A. C Bars ham. 


Id DtTinoo No. 110— D. F. Warron, from No. 

In DiTision No. S9 -Nathan Fogg, fVom No. 95. 
In Dirision No. 39— W. E. Moahior from No. 11. 
In Division No. 92r-Q Chapman, from No. 24. 
In Division No. 92— B. PaMner, from No. 88. 
In Division No. 93 -Charles Wilde, from No. 33. 


From Divirion No. 90.— Eli Shorf, to join 
Division No. ^• 

From Division No. 39— J. L. Parish, to join 
Division No. 83. 

From DiTi«ion No. 39— A, F. Eames, and P. 
MeCarty. to join Division No. 121. 

From Division No. 30— Geo. Winteratein, Alvin 
.T. Hufford, Thomas Hanlan. A* Gammer, D. 
Hentz, A. ."hitler, to join Division No- 124, and J. 
Lyman to join Division No. 53. 

From Division No. 8— Wm. Fitxsimmons, to 
join Division No. 17. 

From Division No. 8— A. C. Daay, to join Divi- 
sion No 31. 

From Division No. 72— S, A. Colby, to join 
Division No 114. 

From DivisioQ No. 57— O.II. Bradford, to join 
Division No. 77. 


From Division No. 90— F. Morrisey ft)r drunk- 
enness and nnbecoming oonduct. 

From Division No. 59— C. L. Roe, far unbecom- 
ing oonduet. 

From Division No. 6— Frank Markel, Sept 17, 
for drunkenness. 

From Division No. 13— H. W. Avery, for non- 
payment of dues. 

From Division No. 105— A. Burdick, for un- 
becoming conducL 

From Division No. 24— S. Lane and H. C. 
Adams, for non-fuiyinent of dues. 

From Division No. 72— Thomas Cummin?, for 
defrauding Brothers and unbecoming conduct. 

From Division No. 1— George Warren, for being 
drunk while on duty. 


A man by the name of Charles Homaby, waf 
kiiksd by an engine on the L C. A L. K. R. at 
Indianapolis, Indiana, about the 2Sth of Novem- 
ber, 187U. His remains are in the vault, and any 
person knowing his residence will confer a favor 
by informing W. H. Goodspeed, Citizen Streat R. 
W. Office, Indianapolis, Ind. 
m ^ • 

Special Notice to Dirisions And Mem- 
bers of Dirision No. 48« 

The books of Division No- 48 have been trans-' 
ferred to Division Na 42, and all members of 
Division No. 48 will be required to report to Divi- 
sion No. 42. Members desiring withdrawal cards 
will be required to obtain a recommend from tho 
Division where they are located. 

Addr^-SH Bernard Sm^th. Looomotive Engineer, 
Caruudolet, Mo., and you will receive a prompt 
reply. Ohablrs Wilson. G. C. E. 


Byrequ'^stof alar^e number of Delegates the 
G. C. and F.' G. A. E. had a large sized photograph 
taken when in Nashville. There wa? al?o a group 
of all thQ Grand Officers taken, wilh resalia on, 
whi<*h makes a fine picture for our Halls. The 
sinirle p'ctures are on cards 8x10: the group is 
16x20. Divii-ions or members will be furnished 
copies, for group, fl 00; G C. or F- G. A. E. Sl,00 
each. We will flli all orders seit to thi« office. 
Brotheta that can order more convenient fjrom 
NaabviUe^ will please addrers H. C. Sheets, 
Box 66. 

FOB 1871 

By order of G. I. D. Convention, each Sub Di- 
vision is requested to appoint one or more of 
their members to take charge of all subroriptions 
tor the JoiJRiCAL for their respective Divisions. 
Each agent mo appointed shall have the right to 
retain ten i)er cent of such moneys as he may col- 
lect, to defr iy his expenses and pay him for faith- 
fully attending to the busines«. 

This rule is intended to apply to such as order 
the JoiiRVAL sent in one package to their address. 
We rhink we shall be able to S9iid all packages 
by express Prrr, and we earnestly hope that every 
effort will be made to obtain subscriptions and 
send orders Ketore Jan 1st, 1^ . 

Ourbn^thers will find it very oonveniont to ob- 
tain their Journ a Lai/ they arrange to have them 
properly directed by their agent, and put in some 
safe pUioe where all subscribers oan find them. 

Vll members of the Brotherhood that are away 
from their Divisions can avail themselves of the 
p benefits of the above offer if they send orders from 
their locality. 

To our lady friends who ta>kean interest in the 
JocRSAL. we are ena>jled through the gener«)sity 
of v»r. W. C Wilson, President of the Wilson 
Sowing Machine Co., to offer as a prize a first class 
Buckeye iSewing Machine, valued at $20.00 for 
each li^t of fifty subi^cribers, or a first class Wilson 
Improved Shuttle Sewmg Machine, valued at 
$4<).U0 for each list of one hundred subscribers, ob- 
tained outside of the order. 

To all our Indy friend^ that are unable lo obtain 
li^ts larice enough to secure the above prizes, we 
will allow the ten per cent drawback, the same as 
to Division agents. The i«ttmo offer often per 
c«nt. drawback is made to all our friends that are 
not members of the Brotherhood, vho obtain lij»t8. 
It ifl hoped that no brother will relax his efforts 
to procure subscribers in consequence of having 
agnnt<) ap|)ointed, but on the contrary let all use 
their utmo^it efforts to obtain iill they can and turn 
them over w i th the list to their agent. A very lit- 
tle effort on tho p »rt of each member will largely 
increase the circulation of the Joi'RyAL, and 
thereby advuice the welfare of the Brotherhood. 
In sending subscriptions for the Journal, be 
sure »nd write names distinct, and give full di- 
rections as to where and June they wisn them sent. 
Hoping that every brother will feel that he hafl 
a personal interest in this matter, and assuring 
them that no effort shall be spared on our part te 
make the Journal a suGce«8. 

We are Fraternally Yours, 

Wilson & Fkllows, 

Digitized by 




Special Notices. 



Several Diniions have sent in ordera for Con- 
stitution and By-Law9, but failed to say whether 
they intended the order for new ones or not but 
the old ones beinir so near out of date, we nave 
refirained from sending any to fill the demand, as 
the revised edition will be .out very soon, and 
extra expanse would only be entailed by sending 
now. This will explain why the orders have not 
been filled. Divisions ordering the new copies 
should order enough to supply every member of 
their Division, and see that they are supplied 
with them, and also a copy of the minutes of the 
Convention, then if they get into trouble the ex- 
cuse cannot be made that they did not know 
what the rules were. 

The G. I. D. dues for the year commencing 
Oct Ist, 1870, are twenty-five cents for each mem- 
ber, payable at once, together with the Widows 
and Orphans Fund of fifty cents. By order of the 
G. I. D. Convention, hereafter all members are 
required to pay G T. D. dues and W. A 0. Fund 
when they are initiated, or reinstated, and no 
withdrawal card must be granted hereafter unless 
Grand dues. Local dues and W. & 0. Fund are 
paid to the Div. granting said card. 

The subiect of a donation for the relief of oer- 
tun members of our organization, as explained 
to the delegates in convention, was referred to 
the Sub-Divisions with a promise from the Dele- 
gates that a collection would be taken up at once 
and sent to this oflice. It is hoped that this mat- 
tor will not be forgotten, but that all will tend 
such sums as they are able to collect, and mark 
it donation. An exact account of all receipts 
and disbursements wiH be kept and reported to 
our next Convention. We can assure our Brothers 
that no worthier object ever presented itself for 
their assistance, and nothing has contributed 
more to the advancement of our cause than the 
labors of our Brothers who you are now asked to 

We have plenty of bound Journals, volumes 
1st 2d. 3d. and 4th, whidi we will furnish at one 
dollar for the year 1867, Pnd one dollar and fifty 
oents each for the years 1868 69,and 70, or we will 
1\imish the numbers of 1868-9, bound one book 
fbr two dollars. 

We will undertake to famish good reliable lo- 
comotive engineers to any and all parties reouir- 
ing the services of good men upon sending their 
orders to this office. 

Great complaint is made that it is impossible 
to obtain replies to correspondence between some* 
of the Sub-Divisions. I hope some brother will 

be selected in each Division, whose special duty 
it shall be to answer all correspondence prompt- 
ly. And it is very important that each Division 
should have a particular Post Offioe address that 
can be reached at any time, without a possibility 
of £ulure. The Division address should in all 
cases appear in the meeting notices, in the Jour- 

A brother that obtains a withdrawal card for 
the purpose of joining some other Division is lia- 
ble to be expelled, if he fiuls to deposit said card, 
within one month. Due allowanoe should be 
made for time of meetings, etc., but any brother 
that is away from his Division, longer than threes 
months, and cannot show any communication 
f^m his Division of a recent date, should be de- 
prived of all fellowship and not be recognised an a^ 
brother. It is the duty of every Division to report 
immediately to the Division the member belonged 
to, that they admit by 3ard. 

All divisions should use great caution in admit- 
ting new members that do not belong in their par- 
ticular foeoZvfv.always having regard to the wishes^ 
of other Divisions, on same line of road, or con- 
necting road. As it is of the utmost importance, 
that a friendly feeling be maintained between all 

It is much the safest, and cheapest way to send 
money by Poh Office orden or drafts. In most 
places a draft can be obtained of the banks free^ 
and no charges are made here for payment 

Brothers calling will find our office readily by 
following the walk in rear of depot, up Bank St, 
opposite rear of Wedddi Bowie, then turn to the- 
left on to Frankfort St when the signs of Messrs.. 
Nevins' Printing House will be visible. 

Address all correspondence : 

Wilson A Fbllows, 

76 Frankfort St, 
Cleveland. Ohio. 


Consulting arid Constructing 
Civil Engineer. 

Especial and practical attention given to the- 
economical application of fuel for the LOCOMO- 
TIVE, the Stationary, and the Marine Engine, 
etc , etc. 

Address care of Boston and LoweU and Nashua- 
Railroad, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Hayes' Railroad Fast Express Wagres 
Compatlnflr Table. 

For Computing Wages by the day or hour, thia- 
work is unrivalled. It has stood the test of prac- 
tical use on Railways and Manufacturing Works 
since 1865. and eveirwhere with the most com- 

C* '» satisfaction. It is in neat and convenient 
k form— can be carried in the coatpooket. 
Each rate per day is complete, from 1 to 399 hours, 
on one page ; and it is the only work published' 
fh>m which the amount is obtained at a glance^ 
without any tracing of Una or columrw qffiguret^ 
and with great tapiditir and unerring certainty. 
Published and sold by 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

«9-PriceC2.50per oopy; sent by mail post- 
paid on receipt of the price. Giroulars with tem> 
pie table, firee. 

Digitized by 




TmiB TtA.TIul=i.OJ^lD ^OLAJHr'a PA.PSR, 



SpeciaUy inieresiing Enoinbebs, will be found onr lUuitrcUions of New 
InvenHonSy with Descriptions ; Articles on Mechanics and Engineering; Perform" 
anee of Locomotives, Experiments and Operations ; besides a budget of Railroad 
Intdligence, which eveiy^ raibroad man should read. 

TERMS $4 per Annum. $2 for six months. Single Copies, lO cents. 

Clubs for Divisions can be obtained at verj low rates. 

A. N. KELLOGG, Publisher, 
iOI Washington St., Chicago. 

D. W. CROSS, Pres'L J. P. HOLT, Sup't 

W. S. DODGE, Scc'y and Trow. J. E. FRENCH. Oeni Man'gr. 



Holt's Patent Steam Gauges^ 

For Locomotiye and Stationary Engines, 


Water Gauges and Test Pumps. 

All kinds of fiavges Bepolred on short notice and all work Warranted. 

Works cor. Ghamplain & So. Watbr Sts., CLEVELAND 0. 


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Metallic Steam Cylinder Packing. 

(Patented Aug. U, I860— Reiggned Jnly 18, 1865.) 


ThiRarran^ment of Cylinder Packing has been in constant a^^e, durinir the past ten ClO^ yearfi, o^ 
many of the principle railroads, and ha;* been applied to many stationary and marine enirinee thromrfch- 
out the United Srate8, giving universal satisfaction: we therefore confidently recommend ito use by 
all who doHire a cheap, economical and durable piston. 

The following are a few of the ma'y names who attest to the merit of said paeking: 

Office of Misj^ibsippi A Tknsksskk R. R, Mrmphif, Tknk,, June 1, 1870. 
This i« t'> certify that we have used Messrs. Labaree & Dunbar's Steam Piston Packing since July, 
1860, and believe it to be superior to any other Steam Piston Packing in use, bolh in regard to its 
«oonomy and durability, and would highly recommend it to any one ne^'dincr a superior Piston Packing. 


Erik R'y. Office of Gkk'l M. M., New Yom, July 6. 1870. 

H. D. Dunbnr^ Eiw/.—I^KAR Sir:— This is to certify that I have used your Patent Steam Cylinder 
Packing for the la"«t ten (10) years, and (can safely say that I consider it the best Cylinder Packing 
now in use, for cheapness of construction, durability and economy in running. 

'Truly yours, E. 0. HILL, Gen'l M, M. 

Vermont Central k Vermont k Canada R'ys, M. M*3 Opfice, St. Albans, Vt, July 8, 1870. 

Menrm. Liitar^ A" Dnnhnr, SprincrfU'f^, Mnt^ — Gknts: ^n reply to your inquiry relative to your 
Steam Cylinder Packinar, would .«ay that my experiencfl in the use of your steam packing in the past 
«even (7) vears has been satisfnotory. and 1 consi 'or it the be.«»t packing that I know of; and when 
properly fitted up and applied to a cylinder, will give good satisfaction. 

Yours truly. J. M. FOSS, M. M. 

Northern R. R., M. M*s. Office, Concord, N. H., Aug. 1, 1870. 

V««»r«. rytharmif- Dutihftr—QKSTs: In reply to your inqu'ry as to the value of your Patent Steam 
rylinder Packing, I will my that we have used ir exclusively in our locomotives for the pa^t eiaht C8) 
years, and we have no hesitation in saying that it is the best device tor C^-linder packing that has yet 
«oiDe under our notice. JxVAlES N. LANDER, M. M. 

Office of the Brooks Locomotive Works, Dunkirk, N. Y.,July, 1870. 

Messrs. Lararkr «k DDTBAR!---Your8 without date duly received. My opinion of the merit of 
the T>»nbar Packing is only strengthened by time and experience in its use. I consider it the best 
and most reliable Stes,m Packing I have ever used. 

Yours truly, H. G. BROOKS. Prert, 

Boston k Albany R R. Co, M. M'«., Department, Sprinoftelp, Mass., Aug. 16, 1870. 

Menm. LafHin^ it />uni<ir— Gents:— We have now in use on the divisions West of Worcester, 75 
locomotives runniag with the Dunbar Packing, giving^thus far entire satisfaction, and are putting it 
in all the new ones we build. We have had no trouble thus far with any uneven wear of the cylinders. 
and the trouble of taking care of it is much less than any other Packing with which Tnm acquainted. 

Truly youra. WILSON EDDY. M. M. 



Digitized by 




Wa^ BAIRD A CO., Philadelphia, 


Adapted to every variety of Bailroad service, and to the economical use of 
Wood, Coke, Bituminous and Anthracite Coal as f ueL 

All work accurately fitted to guages and thoroughly interchangeable. 
Plan, Materials, Workmanship, Finish and Efficiency fully guar 
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boilers and tanks, 
Iron and Brass Castings, &c. 


ADAMS AYER, • ■ PresM. H.L.Leacli. - • SiiiieriHtenieiit. 


Digitized by ^ 



The Brotherhood of Loco- 
motive Engineers. 

IfOOOBotire Bnarineen thronchout the Gonti- 
nent, who are deslroiu of forming Snb-DirinonB 
of the B. of L. B., to act in oonoert with thoee 
already orsaniied, are inrited to oommunioate 
with GsiLBLis Wilson, G. C. B.. 

76 Frankfort St. Cleveland, Ohio. 

i ■' ' • , "~ 


DIV. NO. 1. DETROIT. MICH.— Meets every 
Friday evening at 7:30 r. M.^mer JeiFerson 
and Woodward avenue. Merrill Block. _ 

H. A. CuvMiKOS. C. B., 320 Congress St.. Detroit. 

W. H. KwQ. F. A. E.. Brighton House. " 

T. Faulkitbb, C. B., Box 163, Marshall, Mich. 
■ 0. Smith, F. A. R. Box 123, 

every Saturday evening. Sherman's block, comer 
ofFranklin and Michigan Sts. 

C. A. Dabbibts, C. K, Box 267. Mich. City, Ind. 

J. fl. Kblly, F. a. E.. Box 196. " 

DIV. NO. 6. NORWALK. 0. -Meets Ist and 3^ 
Saturday evenings in each month, on Main St** 
opposite St Charits Hotel. 

Chablbs Stbkle. 0. E., Norwalk. 0. 

F. B. WooDBiTFF. F. A. B.. Box 180. 

DIV. NO. 6. MONTANA, lA.-Meets ewySat- 
nrday evening, nt Engineers' Hall. Story St. 

J. K. Flikt. C. B.. Box 80. Montana, la. 

J. H. FiTisOKRALD, F. A. E.. Box 196 
to whom all correspondence must bo addressed . 

DIV. NO. 7. LAFAYETTE, IND.-Meets every 

Saturday evening, at Revnold's block. Main St. 

T. STlNOBAHAii, C. B.. Box 521 Ft.Wiorne, Ind. 

R. Spauldino, F. a. E. . Box 36. Lafayette. Ind. 


J. P. Shbhakd. C. E.. Crestline, 0. 

C. H. DOBMAN, F. A. E., Drawer 55, 

DIV. NO. 10. CHICAGO, ILL.-Meets every 
Satuida/ at 7 : 30 P. M.. in Otis' block, 980 State St 
J. L. Waj>k, C. E., Welden Shop, Chicago, HI. 
K S. Bbown. F. a. F. 

every Saturday evening, east of Odd Fellows' 
Halll No. 62Wnshington St 
J. B. Whitsett, C. K., No, 43. Bates street 
Z. P. Ekllbb. F. a. E., 102 Meek street 
C. H. Bixxs, Cor. Sec, 171 Davidson street 

DIV. NO. 12, FORT WAYNE, IND.-Meets 
every Saturday evening, 3d floor. Baker's bloek, 
Clinton street between Columbia and liain. 

T. Dtbb, C. B., Fort Wayne. Ind. 

Wm. K Stokb, F. a, B.. Box 1,084, 

C. Bktdbb, Cor. Secretary, Box 1,295, ** 

DIV. NO. 13. CONCORD, N, H. 

R. T. Kmo. C. K, Box 138, Nashua, N. H. 

J. CABm, F. A. E., 124 Spring St Concord. ** 

United States Bailroad Conductors' 
Insuranoe Company. 

Conductors of Railroads wishing informatioit 
of, or to become members of the United States 
Railroad Conductors' Life Insurance Comi>any, 
will please address B. M. LxvurGSTox, Seoretarr 
and rreasurer, Columbus, Ohio, giving their poai 
office address, who will send documents and 
instructions. Jamics Mabshall, Prest 

B. M. LiviNOSfroN Seo'y k Treaa. 

Columbus, 0., Dee. 12, 1868. 

DIV, NO. 14. UTICA. N. Y.-Meets every Mon 
day evening, at Brotherhood Hall, over No. W 
Broad street 

A. SHOBMAmit, C. E., Maulins, New Tork. 

M. J. Cabboll.F. A.E.,66 Main St.,Utica, ' 

M. RrcKABD, Cor. Secretary, " " 

DIV. NO. 15. BUFFALO. N. Y.-Meets every 
Wedneeday evening. Daniels block, Mich, street* 
L. B. Skjnkib, C. K, Box 279L Buffalo, N. Y» 
W. TUNKKY, F. A. E., 

DIV. NO. 16. GALION, O.-Meets Ist and Srd 
Saturday and 2d and 4 th Friday of each month^ 
in Sons of Temperance Hall, corner of Main and 
Adams streets. 

J. C. Bull,, C. E., Gallion, Ohio. 

JuD. Belton, F. a. B., Box 25, 

Ist and 3d Thursday, and 2d and 4th Wednesday 
in each month, in L 0- O.F. Hall, comer Bea- 
ver Ave. and Locust ctreet 

M. V. MiLUiv, C. B., No. 25, Loeust St., Alle- 
gheny, Pa. 

J. Kenhkdy, F. a. E., Bellaire. 0. 

DIV. NO. 18, ROCHESTER. N. Y- Meets every 
Saturday evening, in Brotherhood Hall, comer 
of State and Mumford Sts. 

Wm. Donaldsoh, C. E., Jones ave.. comer Sar- 
atoga avenue^ochester. N. Y. 

J. Barkbb, F. A. £., 63 Frank street Rochea- 
ter. N. Y. 

Chas. TnoifAS, Cor. Secretary. 26 Gorham 
street Rochester. N. Y. 

and 3d Saturday evenines of esch month, at 
Engineers' Hall, corner Main and Jefferson Sts. 

P. Krattko, C. B .Drawer 241, Bloomington, HI. 

A. W Waltok, F. a. R, " 

0, SwiPT, Cor. Secret ary, ** ^* 

INF.— Meets every Friday evening, in Engineers^ 
HaU. Market street, at 2 o'clock P. M. 

John Cooprb, C. B., Logansport, Ind^ 

A. E. Thatchbb, F. a, B., 
ROBBBT Jomca, Cor. Sect, Box 35K " 

DIV. NO. 21, MEMPHIS, TEN^'. f^ta2d 
Wednesday and last Thursday in ench month, 

B. D. Andrbsov. C. B., Box 68, Memphis, Xenn.. 
J. QiBBS. F. A. B., 

DIV. NO. 22, CAMDEN N. J. 

J. 8. Cbispiit, C. B„ Box 33, Camden, N. J. 

J. D. Huston, P. A. E.. 

Digitized by 




^rverj Friday and iSaturday alternately, weet side 
Public equare* 
<}. K. HouQH. C. E.. Dwr. 3258, SpringHeld, DL 
P. Tkal. F. a. K, •* 

DIV. NO. 24, CBNTRALIA, ILL.— Meets every 
Saturday eveninff, at 7:30 P. M., in Engineers' 
Hall, on Locust street 

J. McFail, C K, Box 101. Centralia, III. 

J. H. BKNNKfT, F. A, K. and Cor. Secretary, 
Box lOU Centralia, 111. 

•erery Sunday, 2:30 P. M., Engineers' Hall, corner 
Wabash and Third streets. 

J. McKxETKR, G. E., Box 232 Terre Haute, Ind. 

W. L. MOROAK, F. A. E , box 094 " 

W. B- Shbrbubwk, Cor. Secretary. " ** 

DIV. NO. 26. SBLMA. AL^.-Meetslstand 
.3d Saturday evenings of each month,at their 
.HalLnearShopsof a, H. A D. R. R. 

8. J. DANrKL.8, •'.£., Selma, Ala. 

M. FiTZ QKBA LD. F. A. E., Sel ma, Ala. ^ 

DIV, NO. 27. RACIJTB, WIS.-MeeU every 
week alternate Wednesday and Thursday eve- 
ning, at Engineers' Hall, 3d floor, Osborne A Os- 
«ooa^s Block, South side Court House Square . 

JvsBB Pabkeb. C. B., Box 660 RaMne, Wis, 

Q. QgBB,F. A. E., ;; 

DIV. NO. 28, DAYTON, 0. -Meets every alter- 
nate Saturday evening, (tommencinf January 2d, 
in their Hall, Dickers new buildmg. comer of 
Ludlow and Sixth streets. 

J. 8. VoBB. C. E.. 10 Fulkeith street, Dayton. 0. 

W . L . Wright. F. A. E ., 13, State street, " 

^ MV. NO. 29. BROUKFIELD. MO.-Meets every 
Saturday night, in Roberts' BuiIding,seoond floor, 
Main 6treet. 

J. G. Nichols, C. E.. Box 224. Brookfield, Mo. 

J . MoCabtwky, F. a. E„ Box 5, 

1st Friday, and 3d Saturday of each month, at 
B. D. R. R. oepot, fourth story, 

A. F. Shbbd. C, E., Box 22), Phillirsburg, N J. 
J. VANDIOBIFr, F. A. F., ** 

to whom all communications must be addressed. 

DIV. NO. 31, CLEVELAND, O.-Meets Ist 
Saturday and 3a Friday evenings of each month, 
in Sons of Temperance Hall, cor. tntario St, and 
Public Square. 

W. H, Hoss,C. B.,A. 4 GW. RIL.CIeveUnd, 0. 

W. L. Nrxdham. F. a. E., 81 Hicks street, 
Weet Side. Cleveland. 0. 

R. A. Baldwin, Cor. Secretary, C. & P.R. R. 
Shops. Cleveland. 0. 

DIV. NO. 32,AUR0RA, ILL.-Meets 1st and 
3d Saturdaars. and 2d and 4th Sundays oi' each 

B. K. I8BRLL.C. B.. Box 55. Aurora. DL 
E. H. Klchhr. F. a. E.. 

«very Saturday evening, in Engineers' Hall. 
Union and American Block, comer Church and 
Cherry streets. 

Albx. McD. Tolmib. C, B. 

Address all business communications to H. C. 
Shrbtx, p. A. £., and Cor. Sec. Leek Box 66, 
Nashyjlle. Tenn - 

O.— Meeli every Saturday evening, at half-past 
7 o'ekiek, in Brotherhood Hatt, Miller's Block. 

W, Ziolrb, a E. Box 73, Columbus, 0. 

C. A WiooiNd, F. A. B., Lock Box 1115, ** 

—Meets the Ist Monday.^and 2d and 3d Thuivday, 
and 4th Friday in each month, at 1 P. M.. in En- 
gineers' Hall, No. 6, Walker's Building, cor. 6th 
and Madison Sts. 

Jamrs Mrhan, C. E., Covington, Ky. 

Frank Alli^qham. F. A- E.. '_^ 

DIV. NO. 36, ZANBSVILLE, O.-Meets everr 

alternate Sabbath, at 2 o'clock P. M., in Druid's 

Hall, Main street, between Seventh and Eighth. 

.Gabbirl SumcB, C. E., ZanesviUe, 0. 

JoHX Fbbckbltok, F. a. E., *2 ^ 

DIV. NO. 37. LITCHFIELD, ILL.-Meets erery 
Saturday evening, in Odd Fellows' Hall, State 
street, west side of Public Square, 
L. D. Brmnrtt, C. E.. Box 414. Mattoon, DL 
J. Qilpupp. F. a. E.. " 

Meets every Wednesday evening, in Boaman's 
Hall, Queen street. 

H. Wollbtt, C. B ., Martin «burg, W. Va. 

H.KiypLR.F. A. E.. '^ 

DIV. NO. 39. SEYMOUR, IND.-Meets 1st and 
3i Friday and 2d and 4th Saturday evenings of 
each month. 

I.N. Apgab. C. E^Box 261, Seymour. Ind. 

F. Hratok, F. A, E.. 

ay 5th. 



DIV. NO. 41, ELMIRA N Y.-Meets 1st and 
3d Sunday of each month, at Engineers' Hall, 
cor. Lake and Carroll Sts. 

Wm . O'NxiL. a £., Box 343, Elmiia, N. Y. 

T. Rkardah, F. a. E., 

every Sunday at 1 P. M., in Odd FeUows' Hall, 
cor Main and Nebraska streets. 

Thomas Shba, C. E., Carondelet, Mo. 

Bbbnard Smith, F. A. E. ** 

DIV. NO, 43. M«ADVILLE, PA,-Meets al- 
temate Monday and Tuesday evenings, com- 
mencing Oct. 12, 1869. 

P. M. S'janlo/^, C. B., Box 1231. MeadviUe, Pa. 

H. J. Bbowk, F. a, E.. Box 32, 

H. D. Bbown, Cor. Sec., Box 96, " 

DIV. NO. 44, ALTOONA, PA.-Meets the 2d 
and last Saturday evenings of each month, in 
Patton's Hall. Virginia street 

Robbbt C. Gardxbb, C K. Altoona. Pa. 

Wm. Stimrb, F. A. E., Box 142. " " 

J. F. List, Cor. Secretary, '* " 

Meets every Saturday evening, comer of Coats 
street and Pennsylvania avenue. 

H. Maolrb, C. K, No. 412 Caven stzeet. W, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

J. D. Lrmlrt, F. a. £., 3319 Story street, W. 
Philadelphia, Pa. . 

J. E. MiLLBB, Oor. Secretary, 3304, Blm street 
W. PhiUdelphia, Pa. J 

DIV. NO. 46. ALBANY. N.Y,-MeeU every 
Wednesday evening, at their Hall. 506. Broadway. 

P. J. SWARTS. a S. 180 Clinton av.Albany.N.Y. 

P. M. Abthub. F, A.E.. N. Y. 0. R. R. bhop, 
Weet Albany, N, Y. 

Digitized by 




lyy. NO. 47, HORNELLSVILLB, N. Y.- 
Meetfl 2d Thorsday and last Saturday in each 
month, at Engineers' UaU« corner of Main and 
Church streets _ 

C. Wlllor, C. B., HomeUsviUe, N- Y. 

K. Gajhkom. F. a. E., 

8. B. SruDftVAKT. Cor. Sea, to whom all com-. 
munieations must be addressed. 


W M. Wallacic, C. B., Box 59, B. St Louis, IlL 

B. McDoWALD. F. A. B.. " ' 

DIV. NO. 50. PITTSBURGH. PA.— Meets 
every Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock, in Odd Fe.- 
lows'^ Hall, Penn street, h ifth U ard. ^ . , ^ 

J. Blum. C. K., A. V. R. K. Shop. Pittsb>., Pa. 

R. Walsknbhaw. F. a. E.. Penn. H. K. bhop. 
Pittsburgh. Pa . „ ^ 

Address J. Rukbaugh. Cor. Secretary, Pan 
Handle Shop. Pittsburg. Pa. 

let and 3d Wednesday evenings, at American Me- 
chanics' Hall, on Lombard Ht, near Thirteenth. 

J. D. RoGKsa, C. E., No. 1705. WashingtoQ ave., 
Philadelphia, Pa. ^ . ^ „ ,.oo t 

F. A. GiLMOBR. F. A. K, No 1433. Jessanune 
s treet. Philadelphia . Pa. 

DIV, NO. 52, BALTI VIORE, MD.— Meets every 
1st and 3d Sunday at 2 o'clock P. M. 

Wm. Roklofs, C. E.. Calvert Stabon, Balti- 
more. Md. 

C. W. SfflPLEY. F. A. E., No. 41 Park Avenue, 
Baldmore. Md. - 

DIV. NO. 53, JERSEY ClTY, N J. -Meets in 
the Savinm Bank Building, comer of Washing- 
ton and Mercor Str., on Ist Friday of each month, 
at 10 A. M.. and 3d Thursday, at 7 P.^M.. ^^ , 

G. Moore. C. E.. Box 235, Jersey City, N. J. 
A. Ja cobus. F. A. E , Box 235. 

DIV. NO. 54, PORT JBRVIS. N. Y.-Meeta 
every Wednesday evening, at Engineers' Hall, 
corner ot Front and Sussex streets. ^ . „ „ 

J. H. CooKSON, 0. E.. Box 56. Port Jervis. N. Y. 

C. W. Leonard. F. A. K., Box 127. " 

DIV. NO. 55. GRAFTON, WEST V A.— Meets 
eve^y Friday and Saturday evenings, alternately, 
at Jenkins' Hall, on Front street 
Wm.Bbatt, C.E.. Wheeling, Va.^^ 
F. Snydbb. F. a, B.. Qratton. W. Va. 

DIV. NO. 66. KEOKUK, I A.- Meets the 2d 
and 4tb Saturday evenings of each month. in Pat- 
tersons' block, Johnson street, between Second 
and Third. 

J. B. Rathburit. C. Em Box 616. Keokuk. la. 

Wm. W. Mjbk, F. a. B.. Box 435. " 

DIV. NO. 67,PR0VIDENCE, R. L— Meats 2d 
and 4th Tuesday evenings of each month, on third 
floor of 62 Weybosset street 
L. J. Patton. C. B.. No. 18 Common street 
B.BaskbluF. a. E., No. 89 Sheldon street 

DIV. NO. 58, SCR ANTON, PA.-Meets Ist Sat- 
urday and third Friday of each month, m Red 
Men's Hall. No. 105 Lackawanna Ave. 

P. A. Stribt. 0. B.. look box 758. Scranton. Pa. 

Jas. Watson, F. A. B.. tiox 597. Scranton, Pa , 
to whom all communications must be addressed. 

DIV. NO. 59 GREBNBUSH. N. Y.-Meets 1st 
and 3d Wednesdays of each inonth, at OddFel- 
lows' Hall, comer of Perry and Broadway streetE. 

P. OaTRAifDBR, 0. E.. Greenbush, N.^ Y. 

Chab. Mxuus, F. A. B., 

DIV. NO. 60, ROCK ISLAND, ILL.-Meets Isi 
SatU'day and 3d Friday of each month, at 7 P. 
M., No. 61 Brady street, Davenport. Iowa, 

Moass HoBBS C. E,, Davenport, la., R. R. box 

H. H. Bakrr. F. a. E. " 

J. R. WiLKiNsox, Cor. Sec. C, R. L & P. R, R . 

DIV. NO 61. BOSTON, MASS. -Meets let and 
M W ednesdays in each month, at No. 3 Tremont 
Row. Hall 38. 

G. H SA.NDKBSOir. C. E.. 150 Albany St, Boston » 

L C. PiKGRRB, F. A. E., East Cambridge, Mass., 
to whom all correspondence must be addressed. 

DIV, NO. 62, GALFSBURG. 1LL.-Meeta i» 
Ecgineers' Hall. Main St, every Saturday eve- 
ning, at 7 ::*) P. M. 

Phillip Pottkr, C. E., Box 167. Galesbuir. III. 

N. W. Bobneson. F. a. E.. Box 85. 

S. A. Randall. Cor. Sec. Box 563. ** ** 

alternate Friday and Saturday evenings. Com- 
mencing Jan. 2 1st. 1870. in their Hall, in B. & A. 
K. R. building. 

C. W.foouC.E,. 16 Fulton St .Springfl'd. Mas«. 

Hknry E. Day. F. A, K, Bex 94. Wiird One P. 
0., Springfield, Mai's. 

DIV. KQ. 64, W0RCE^TER.MASS.-Meet8lst 
Tuesday and 3d Wednesday in each month, at 
7:30, Irosbin Hall. cor. Main and Mechanic Sts. 

H. W, Fknnkb. C. E.. and Cor. Secretary, No . 5 
Reservoir street, Worcester, Mass, 

C. G. DAVIB.F. A.E., " 

DIV. NO. 65, CHILLICOTHB, O.-Meeta every 
Saturday evening. 
P. i\ANNLNG, C. B„ Chillicothe. 0. 

S. E. MoaHER. F. A . E. , Bo x 71. 


J. B. Johnson. L\ E.. box 152, Portage City. Wis. 

G. T. Thompson, F. A. E.. Box 344, ** 

„D1V. ^0. 67, DUNKIRK, NY.-Meet at their 
Ball in the Erie Railway Building, on Front St.» 
Dunkirk, New \ork. every alternate Saturday 
evening, commencing February 1st 1868. 

J. C. Hagghtt. C. E.. Box 466, Dunkirk. N. Y. 

John Foas, F. A. E. , Box 34. 

DIV. NO, 68. LONDON. ONT.-Meeti every 
Saturday evening, at Moral Temperance Hall, op- 
10!*itethe City hall, Richmond street 

Wm. Lovk, r. E ..G. W. Railway. London, Ont. 

J, BuHT, F. A. E., Richmond bt, 

Thos,'Cox, Cor. Sec. Wellington St. " 

DIV.N0.69.ATLANTA, GA.- Meets every Sat- 
urday evening, at 7 :30 P. M., in Ga. R, R. Depots 

Wm, F. Woods. C. E.. A. & W. P. R. R. Atlan- 

W. G. Richards. F. A. E,. M. & W.R.R.. Atlan- 
ta. Ga. 

DIV, NO. 70. TORONTO. ONT.-Meeta 1st and 
3d Saturdays of each month, at 8 P. M.. in En- 
gineers' Hail, 39 Kingstreet, west 

John Field. C. E., Box 256^ Toronto, Ont. 

Hugh McLknnan, F. A. E., " •* 

PENN TREATY DIV. NO. 71.-Meets in 
Hall N. E. oor of York and Amber streets, en- 
trance on Amber, alternate Saturdays, commenc 
ing March 5th. at 7:30 P. M.; and alternate 
Sundays, commencing March Idoi. 

F. L. MKfiSHAii. a £ .Philadelphia, Pa. 

Danirl H. Fowixt. F. A. E.. No. 664 Bast 
York street. Philadelphia. Pa., to whom all cor* 
rcspondenoe must be addressed. 

Digitized by 




DIV.N0.72. AMBOY. ILL.-Meet8 every two 
weeks Friday and Saturday evenings alternately. 
F. Wbscott, C. £., box 109, Amboy, lUinoiB. 
H. H. Broadik, F. a. B., 
L R. Pattkbson, Cor. See-, ** '* 

DIV. NO. 73. MADISON. WIS.-Meet- every 
Saturday eveniniT, in Uood TemplarB' Hall, cor. 
Cauital Park. 

C. X. Smith. C. E.. Box 80, Madison. Wis. 

C, MoCoLLUM. F. A. B. Box 602 " 

K TooMBd. Cor. Sec.. 827 Claybom St . Mhwau- 
kee Wis. 

DIV. NO. 74. HARRISBURG. PA.-Meets in 
College Block, 3d^t.. between xviarket and Wal- 
nut, ftltemate Saturday evenings and Sunday af- 
ternoons, commenoiiif October 2, 1869. 

& UoFFMASTKR. C. B.. Box 160, HaTTisburg, Pa. 
_J. A. Spobslkb , F^A, E.,_[^ *^ ^ 

DIV. NO. 75, READING, PA.-Meets alter- 
nate Saturday evening and Sunday allemoons, 
eommencing October 2d, 1870; ?^ Penn ftreet, 

Wm. Uaktman. C. K.. Box 22(>. lieading. Pa. 

E J. Rauch. F a. K. Box 22fi, " ** 

Wm. R, Lewb V or. Se c .box 2 26. ** " 


N. 0. STAjrLBT. C. E . Box 21, Catawissa. Pa. 

L. & WooDBRiDOK. F. A. B . Box ti8. * 

DIV. NO. 77. NEW HAVEN. CONN. -Meets 
Ist Monday and 3d Tnenday in each inontli. 

J. J. Green. C. £ . No. 17 Eld street. New 
Haven. Ct 

H C. Ei?APP. F. A. E.. 46 Lyons 8t, New 
Haven. Ct . 

DIV. NO. 78, LOUISVILLE, KY.-Meets every 
Wednesday at ] :30 P. M., in Good Templars' 
Hall, N. E .cor. 11th and Green streets. 

J. L. MooRK, C. E., No. 217. W. Broadway. 
LoaisviUe. Ky 

J. A. Sanpord. F. a. E.. No. 241. 12th street, 
Louisville, Ky. 

P SreRLiNQ, Cor. Sec. No. 358 6th street, Louisr 
ville. Ky. 

DIV. No, 79. MALONE, N. Y.-Meets every 
Saturday evening. 

G. W. Sunderland, C, E.. Malone, New York. 

W. H. Gray. F. A. E.. box 315. Malone, iNew 
York, to whom all communications should be 

DIV. No. 80. MACON. GA. 

Jambs Books, C. E„ Macon, Ga. 

£. C. Van Valkenburo, F. A. E., Ma(ton, Gar 

DIV. NO. 81. KANSAS CITY. MO.-Meets 2d 
and 4th Saturday evc-nrngs rf each month. 

T. L. Hafkb. C. E., dwr. 2313. Kaa. City. Mo. 

J. U. FuRNiss, F. A. E., box 145, Wyandotte. 
Kan. . 

DIV. NO. 82, UHRItKSVILE, .-Meets every 
Tuesday evening, at Red Men's Uall, between 
Front and Main, on Third scireet 

W. A. Anokbson, C. E., Uhricksville, 0. 

C, A. HuHT.F. A. E., Box 73. 

DrV. NO. 84, RUTLAND. VT .-Meets 1st Fri- 
day evening at 8 P. M., and 3d Sunday at 2 P. 
M. of each month, at old Masonic Hall, 

C. S. Clapf, C. E., Bennington. Vt. 

3. E. Dennis, F. A. E., Box 177, Rutiand, Vt 

DIV. NO. 86. ST. CHARLES. MO.-Meets every 
Thursday evening, at 7 o'clock P. M.. in Engi- 
neers' Hall, at Moberly, Mo. 

C, Haliday C. E.. b X 77, Moberly Mo. 

C. E. Brownhill. F. a. E.. " *' 

D'V. NO. 87. THOY. N. Y.-Meets every M 
and 3d|Wedneisday. at Druid's Hall. 333 River SL 
C. L. Carswell, C. E.. Whitehall N. Y. 
John E, Farrhj^ F. A. E.. Troy. N. Y. 

DIV. NO. 88. GRANdIsLAND. NEB.-Meets 
every Sunday evening. 

W. H. Whitney. C. B., Omaha, Neb. 
^ r. HurcHiNaoN, F.A. E , box 77. Grand Island, 

DIV. NO. 86, ST. ALBANS. VT.-Meete 1st 
Thuraday and 3d Wednesday, in Engineers' Hall, 
Vt C. R. R. depot at7 :30P.M. 

D. Kimball, C. B- ?'»^?r^« ^^- Albans. Vt 

F. T. flEiBT.F.A.B., 


Hknrt Mato. C. E.. Box 59, Point St. Charles. 
Montreal. P. Q. 

Adolpbus Davis, F.A. E St. Johns, P. Q. 

DIV. NO. 90, POTTSVILLE. PA.-Meets in 
the Town Hall, Center street i'ottsnlle, on the 
Ist and 3d Sunday ol each month. 

D. A. Leib. C. k. Box 585, Pottsviile, Pa. 

IsaaoDkLonq, F. A.E., " ** 

Gkobqb J. RsiC K, C or. Secreta ry. 

every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock, in their 
ne^r hall, over Shanklin & Co.'s store. Wash- 
incton street, near depot of M. <& C. R. R. 

H. N. BcRKORD. C- B., Box 51, Huntsville. Ala. 

J.HBucKALBW, F. A. E. •• " 

DIV. NO. 92, PEORIA, ILL.— Meets Ist and 
3d Satnrday^evenings of each month, at Sons of 
Temperance Hall, comer ul Adam and Main Sts. 

H. E. Serley, C. E., Box 990. Ptoria, 111. 

J. H. Baxter. P. A. E.. Box 1341. •» 

C. L. BuKLiNQAME. Cor. Scc, box 77, *' 

DIV. NO. 93, JACKSON, TENN.-Meets 1st 
and 3d Saturdays of each month, in Sons Tem- 
peranoe Halt 

A. Cunningham. C. E., Box 124. Jackson. Tenn. 

M. K. WiTHEKSPOON. F. A. E.. ' " ** 

DIV. NO. M, MT. SAVAGE :MD.-Meets M 
and 3d Mondays of each month. Old Fellows' Hall' 
J. Ricic., C. E., Mt Savage. Md. 
J. RsAOAN. F.A. E., Mount Savage. Md. 

DIV. NO. 95. CINCINNATI. 0. -Meets Ist 
and dd Saturday ot each month, corner Sd and 
Mill stnets. 

E. Wall. C. E.. 23 Hannibal St. Cincinnati. 0. 

J. H. Griffith, F. A. E., 47 Bates street In- 
dianat-olis, Ind. ^___ 

DIV. NO. 96 
Dec. 11, 16, 23 
17, 28; March 2 
28; May 5, 14. 
2. 7. 14, 23, 28; 
15. ^, 29: Oct 
T^t 7 :30 P.M.. 


Chicago, nt , 

D.J. Murphy, F. A. E., No. 68, North Peoria 
street. Chicago, IlL , to whom all correspondmiM 
must be a ddressed. 


Meets every Saturday evening, at Amenoan Me- 

ehanios' Hall, comer Baltimore andGreen streets. 

Wm. Galloway. C . E.. No. 138 McHenry stBnt 

J. MoKuKDY. F. A, K, 484 West LambertSt 

0. W. Sblby, Cor. Secretary, an South Repok- 

licaa street. 

Digitized by 





niV. no. 100 WILBilNQTON. N. 0. 

R. Cartbb, C. Em Box 245, Wilmington, N.C. 

L. B. L y ons, F. A. E., " *• 


L. P. KuHN. C.B.,K, V. & P.R. K Richmond. Va. 

J. O'Bbibw. F. a . Em R. a p. R . R., ** 

DIV. NO. 102. AQSTIN. MINN.-M«et« every 
Saturday night, in Odd Fellows Hall. 
8. R« Clark, C. K., North McGregor, Iowa. 
B N. LKwia, F. A. E.. Box 209. Austin, Minn . 

LINQS. W . T.— Meets every Saturday evening. 
G. Knapp, C. E.. Box 99, Rawlins, W. T. 
8. B. Bbookius, F. a. E., BryanTvV. T. 

every Saturday evening, in Smith's Hall, next 
door above Columbia Bank. Locost street. 

N. GiLMAH, C. K., Columbia, Pa. 

A. G. QUIL1S.F. A. B.. '' ** 

DIV. NO, 105, NEW YORK CITY .-Meets at 
Division Room 142 E. 40th street, on 1st Wednes- 
day at 10 A. M.. 2d Wednesday at 7>^ P. M., 4th 
Monday at 10 A. M. of ea^h month. 

N. W. HoLBBooK. C. E., oomer 43d street 
and 4th avenue, Harlem Engine House. 

Jambs Bai bd,F. A. E., " 

Meets 1st and 3d Wednesday evenings in each 
month, in Gray's Hall. oor. Bridge and Canal Sts., 
at 8 o'clock, P. M. 

A. H. KiNGSBUBT, C. B , Box 140, Keene, N. H. 

G. a Blakb, F. a. B.. Pox aga. BeUows FaU». Vt. 

DIV. NO. 107. ST; JOSEPH, MO .-Meets in 
their Hall 'every Saturday night. 

David Kinvaman. C. E., H. 3c St Joe shop?. 
St. Joseph. Mo. 

C. B. Loop, F. A.E., Box 513. St Joseph. Mo. 

J PuwsHQW. Cor. Sen., Box 21, Iowa PointKan. 

first Saturday and third Friday in each month, 
in Engineers' IlaU. 

.T. DoBi<, C. E., Box 96, Winnemuooa, Nev. 

L. W. Pabkhurst, F. a, B.. 

DIV. No. iq9,B0RDBNT0WN,N.J. 

T. Bradt. a E., Box 147. Bordentown, N. J. 

AddressJ. K.1UCYN0LDB,F.A.E., ** 

—Meets every Saturday evening, on G street, be- 
tween 6th and 7th streets, 
H. L. Stkphbnson, C. E., and Cor. Sec. Sac. CaL 
A. C. Waltbnspibl, F. A. E., Loo& Box No. 224, 
Sacramento, Cal. ,.-_^__^_ 


1st and 3d Saturday evenings of each month, in 

their Hall, Library Building. 

M. J. Rbajis, C. E., S. S. £ R., Petersbnrgh^Va, 

Jambs Shankb. F. A. E ., *_^ ^ 

DIV. NO. 112, OTTUMWA, IA.-Meets 1st and 
3d Saturday evenings of each month, in Engi- 
oeers' Hall, near depot. 

J. D. Oartbb, 0. E., Ottnmwa, Iowa. 

Gbo. S. Bist, F. a. E.. BurUngton, Iowa. 

Jamis Carpbhtib. Cor, Sec., Box 44. OttomwA. 

DIV. No. 113, DBS MOINES, IA.-Meets 
every Saturday night in Odd Fellows' Hall, oor- 
ner Locust and 5th streets. Ea«t Des Moines. Iowa. 

G. W. Sladb, C. E.. Box 766, Des Moines, la. 

G. W. CL4BX, F . A. k, " •* 

DIV. NO. 114. WATERLOO. lA- Meets in 
Odd Fellows' Hall, on Saturday and Monday 
evenings, alternately, every two weeks. 

C. W. Baldwik. C. E., box 1818, Waterloo, la. 

L. H. Harvby. F» a. E.. box 285. Dubuque. la, 

DIV.115,KN0XV1LLB, TBNN.-Meets every 
Saturday nisht, at City Hall, at 7 P, M. 
J. BTPickens, C. E.^x 280, Knoxville, Tenn. 
W.P.Rbam8.F,A. E., " 

DIV. NO. 117, ERIE, PA.-Meets at Engi- 
neers' Hall, 1116 State street, everySunday after- 
noon at 1 :30. 

C. H. Wekks, C E., 51 West 11th St, Brie, Pa. 

W. H. Sandusky, F. A. B.,. Erie, Pa. 

W. Bbownlow, C. E., Brockville, Ont 
J. a Mathbbs. F. a. E.. BrockvUle, Ont 

DIV. NO. 119, PITTSTON, PA.-Meets Ut 
Tuesday and 3d Thursday evenings in each 
month, at Engineers' Hall. 

Lute Wklcb, C. E., look box 860, Pittston, Pa. 

H. H. Broww, F. a. E., 

DIV. NO. 120, MOBILE, ALA.-Meets every 
Saturday evening, in Masonic Hal), Whistler, 
at 7 :38r^ 

Jas. Htkdb, C. E., Whistler, Ala. 

A^Rbid, F . A. E., 

0. F. MiLLBR, . m., Effingham, IlL 

C. A. SAyeoEN. F. A. E.. " 

DIV. NO. 122. WILKES BARRB, PA.— Meets 
1st Sunday and 3d Tuesday of each month, in 
their HaU, in L. A S depot, 

D. H. DoTTXRKR, C. E., Hendricksbunrfa, Pa.. 
M.L.Ttflrany. F.A.E.,feugar Notch. Pa. 

every Sunday at their HalL _ . , „ 

F. W.FiBLDBR,!;. E-. oor. Thalia and How- 
ard Sts.. N. 0., La. 

J. T. KtyKAic, F. A. E., 282^ CaUiope St, N. C 

DIV. NO. 124, MAUCU CHUNK, PA.-Meets 
in Mechanics' HaU. High St 
H. Brblsforo. U. E., Mauch Chunk, Pa. 

DIV. NO. 125, CLINTON. lA.— 

B. C. Boam, C, E., Clinton, la. 

F, Catom. C. B,, Pacific Citj*. Mo. 
J. L, Parish. F, A. E.. *' 

Digitized by 



Having recently made some yery important improve ments in our Yard and 
Tank Cranes, rendering them more simplet compact, and easier operated, we 
respectfally call the attention of Railroad Managers to tne same. They can be seen 
in operation on the Erie Railway, the Delaware, Lackawana k Western, the Lehigh 
Valley, the Dutchess k Columbia and the Morris k Essex R. R's, where they have 
been thoroughly tested and their merits fully establishedi 

They are not affected by frost, waste no water consequently cost nothing to 
keep the tanks and tracks free from ice. The Yard Cranes are substantial and 
ornamental. Their use dispenses with the necessity of Water Tanks being close to 
the track, thus keepinic out of range of the Locomotive's sparks, buildings liable to 
take fire, also dispenses with the necessity of building Water Tanks when in reach 
of Reservoirs or Wat^r Works. 

Ab will be noticed by encnvings, the fireman opentee the Cnne and rappfy valve firom hii pod- 
(ioa on the Tender. Thete is no part of them ralveet to ftiotioni so that there u no reason why they 
should wear oot The valve being oalanoed, it ean be worked with ease under any preesore, and u 
not liable to derangement or leakage. They are believed to be the best arrangement Tor the pnrpoee 
as yet devised. They sre the result of the labor and experience of years of one praotically enModin 
this branch of the service, and confidence is entertained that investigation and further trial will 
develop more points of excellence than daimed, and their universal adoption become a neoe«itj. 

TmHmonial from the Brotkerkood V Loeometioe Enointer*, Pon\Jen^ New. FoHb. 

L. T. KETCHUM, JSgq,, Bkab Sir : At a meeting of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Bncineen, 
Division 54, held at their rooms, Wednesday evenlDg. July 2l8t, 1880, it was unanimously resolved to 
add their testimony in &vor of your late improved Yard and Tank Cranes now in successful use oo 
the Brie Railway. It was the unanimous opinion and agreement of all present, that the Cranes are 
ht superior to anything of the kind heretofore invented or nsed for the purpose. That having tested 
for themselves the many advantages of these Cranes over all others known to them, they oheerftiUy 
recommend their introduction and use by all Railroad Companies, believing from experience, that 

they will do all and evei 

[SIAL.1 J. W. ~" 

lore than ypn claim for them. 

S., C. E.. J. H. OOOKSON, F. A. K. F. ABBOTT, Bx^. K, Division 54. 

#br 6iitW u^ormadonladdnm I<. T. KETCHUM dk €)0., 

Port JerTia, OnMiffe Co., H. T» 

Digitized by 


mlw^ ^iM^intmBUmhdm 


American Watch Co., of Waltham, 


; "Anericai f attli Co., Crescent Si ffallat lass." 



I We are inflfcraoted to repreeent this watch aa by far the best full plate 

' watch eyer made in the United States, and espeoiallj adapted for Railway 

' Trayelers. 

We also desire to add that it is offered at a price which mtist insure it 

a wide sale. 

Parties desiring snch a watch should be snre and remember the trade 
{' mark. 



I For all other facts address, • 

General Agents, 182 Broadway, N. T. 

Digitized by 


MARCH, 1871. 




mrnn. seimImErs a go., 

]N'o. 1600 Hamilton Street, 







srrc^iMC ii^]M[]M[e:xs.s, shafting. 

With Ball and Sooket Bearings, and Doable Cone Vise Couplings, admitting 
6f th e easiest possible adjnstment A complete assortment of PULLEY uid 
WHEEL PATTERNS, from which Castings or Finished Work will be famished. 
Sole manafactarers and licensers for 





Digitized by 



Vol. 5. 

INARCH, 1871. 

No. 3. 


Ik the leading article of the Jannaiy 
noinber, among other excellent sug- 
^[eetions for the farther adyaneement 
and elevation of the Order, is one 
looking to still greater improTement 
in oar MomthijY JouBNAii ; and I agree 
with the remark that, <*perhajps to no 
•one mediam are we more indebted 
than to oar Joubnal." Donbtless the 
progress already made in the work, 
irom the pablication of its first nam- 
ber to the present time, is as great as 
'Coald haye been expected, for in the 
foor yeatB daring which it has been 
pnbliahed it has grown from a small 
sixteen page book to one of over forty- 
five paiges each month, and it enters 
npon its fifth volume with a drcala- 
tion very creditable indeed. Bat 
while this advance has been so marked, 
and is jasUy a sonroe of gratification 
to OS ail, I believe it is now needfal 
that still deeper interest be felt in its 
eaooess, and still greater efforts pat 
forth to increase its oircnlation. 
While, as I have just said, its snb- 
soiiption list is a v^ creditable one, 
yet it ought to be to-day three times 
as large ; and it might be increased to 
that amount iii ten days' time if each 
member of the Order would put forth 
a little effort in that direction. I am 
well peraoaded^indeed I positively 
know that each one of us might ob- 
tain, to sa^ the least, from wree to 
five subsonbers who have never yet 
itJkBXk our book. Suppose we should 
«venge bat two each— wh^, that 
would swell the list to treble its pres- 
ent size; and this point we can easily 
fetoh, and we owe it to ourselves to do 
•0; and farther than this, I am confi- 
dent if we all duly appreciated the Im- 
portanoe of this publication to us as 

an organization, we would swell the 
list of subscribers to at least fifty thou* 
sand, and to do this each member 
would need to obtain but eight or ten 
subscribers, and there is not one ef us 
bat could, right among the friends 
that are embraced in the ties of kin- 
dred and the family circle, obtain that 
number very readily. In proof of 
tuis permit me to cite an instance, If I 
may do so without the charge of ego* 
tism. Daring the past summer I 
made a slight e£fort to obtain subscrip- 
tions, and bv devoting from one to two 
hours each day to this purpose, for a 
couple of weezs, I obtained forty sub- 
scribers and the cash, which I had the 
pleasure of forwarding to our G. G. £• 
and F. G. A. £. ; and I have no doubt 
these officers cotdd give us names of 
persons who have furnished three 
times that number. I do not refer to 
this fact in a spirit of boasting at aU— « 
indeed I should not have mentioned 
it only as illastrating the point I am 
urging— the readiness with which sub- 
scribm to our book can be obtained 
within our own circle of friends and 

80 much for the feasibility of in- 
creasing the circulation of the JouB- 
NAii. I want to say a word in regard 
to the motives that should incite us to 
put forth effort for this purpose, and 
for still greater improvement in the 
character and contents of the work. 
I am well persuaded that but few in- 
deed, even among those who are most 
active, and zealous in circulating the 
Journal, fully realize how important ^ 
it is» not only to our success, but even 
to our continued existence as an or- 
ganization. That the objects for 
which we are banded togetiier are 
good, we all know — ^tbat the results we 
would accomplish are worthy and 00m- 

Digitized by 




mendable we are equally well assured; 
bufc how shall we oonyince the world 
afc large thafc suCh is the fact? bimply, 
I answer, by fuUj acquaintiDg it with 
the nature of these objeots — ^with the 
ends and aims we have in view — ^with 
the principles on which our organiza- 
tion rests. And this we have been en- 
abled to do through the medium of 
the JoT7BNAi4, more effectually than by 
any other means at our command. 
And it is to this medium— perhaps in 
a greater degree than many of us are 
aware — ^that the Order owes its present 
prosperous condition. 

Another motive that should induce 
us to seek the increased circulation 
of the Joubnaij is the fact that in its 
pablication we have entered upon a 
new and untried field. Never before, 
in the history of literature, was the 
novel expedient tried of issuing a 
work chi^y written by a class of men 
engaged in pursuits and occupations 
that were supposed to debar them 
from those opportunities of study and 
literary acquirement deemed indispen- 
sable to an intelligent and instructive 
use of the pen. And this fact is one 
of which we ought not to lose sight, 
for in it is one of the most astonish- 
ing and at the same time significant 
evidence of success. Why, in the 
publication of this work scarcely any 
of us fully realize what we are ac- 
complishing. The fact that a class of 
men entirely unaided by social posi- 
tion, commanding influence, or educa- 
tional privileges — engaged in pursuits 
and occupations that seem to tax both 
time and energy to the utmost—that 
such a class of men should have the 
will — the enterprise and the audacity 
too, if yon please^ to even dare to 
claim the world's notice through liter- 
ary effort, is one of the marvels of the 
age. And of this achievement every 
member of the Order ought to be 
proud. Proud did I say? Why, the 
Locomotive Engineers of America, in 
their Associative compact, are present- 
ing to the world to- day, one of the 
noblest spectacles it has ever wit- 

Of course I do not wish to be under- 
stood as deeming the contents of the 
JoTTBNAii of the highest order of talent, 

or as possessing great merit. Betot^ 
reaching to such a point I know w» 
have all got to make great advance;, 
there ave before us lofty heights to- 
scale, the Eummitsof which few, if any 
of us shall be able to reach. Com- 
pared with the labors of the men of ^ 
letters, who give life to the great pnb* 
lioations of tbe day, perhaps they are 
not wAhy to be mentioned; bat whea- 
wo compare the opportunities and the 
advantages of one with those of the 
other, t^l me which has the greatest 
honor ? 

But there is another view still to be 
taken of this matter. Now it will not 
always do to judge of a man's sncoefl» 
by looking alone at the means by 
which he works, but we must note the 
results he brings about. One of the 
most succsssful Superintendents of a 
rail -road I ever knew, conducted hi9 
operations on this principle. When 
it was intimated to him that the 
Master Mechanic was employing too 
many men, and using too much ma- 
chinery and tools, his reply wasr 
"With that I have nothing to do. It 
is what he accomplishes with the^ 
means he employs Ihat I regard." 
And so is it in the publication of our 
Journal. One unacquainted with the 
results already accomplished might 
conclude that with this untried an(T 
seemingly unfitted material no suc- 
cess could be expected, but only fail- 
ure and loss. But to such it is an all 
sufficient answer to point to the re- 
sults attained. Notwithstanding the 
employment of this undeveloped tal- 
ent^notwithstanding our book has 
been chiefly written by this class of 
men, yet we have attained to a goodly 
circulation, and one that puts to shame 
more pretending publications, issued' 
in the interest of associations whose 
objects are worthy and commendable. 
Let me refer to one in particular. The 
organization of the Order of Good 
Templars, the objects of which are of 
the highest interest to humanity and 
to the world— may God bless and 
prosper it in its noble work I — this as- 
sociation has an organ published in its 
interest, and yet, witn members ex- 
ceeding in number five times those of 
the Brotherhood, the circulation of 

Digitized by 




their organ reaches bat little oyer one 
half that of the Jottrnaii. Let it be 
underBtood I do not institute this 
comparison with any inyidions object, 
bat, on the contrary, with the kindest 
feelings. The organ referred to is 
conducted with surprising talent, and 
is one of the best family papezs pub- 
lished, and it ought to be in every 
household throughout the lAd ; and 
it is a shame to the members of the 
Order in the interest of which it is 
published that it is not better sus- 

But wherein lies the secret of this 
success on the part of one of these en- 
terprises, and the want of patronage 
and enconragement on that of the 
otiier ? In my estimation it lies 
greatly in the fact, that the erudite 
scholar often rises and soars away into 
those altitudes of thought and specu- 
lation, whither the majority of minds, 
flattering on weaker and less practiced 
pinions, may not follow; and so, like 
the eye dazzled at the brightness of 
the sun, turns to nearer and less bril- 
liant objects, which are more in uni- 
son with and do not weazy its powers. 
Therefore it is that those thoughts 
and sentiments presented, as they of- 
ten are, in our little Joubnal, in una- 
dorned and even uncouth garb, fiud 
an answering chord in the hearts of 
the great mass of men, that yibrates 
responsiye to their touch; and realiz- 
ing this, I belieye there is matter de- 
clined, as unsuited to the columns of 
many a paper now languishing for 
want of encouragement, which, if ac- 
cepted, would bnng far more patron- 
age than all the inducements of second 
rate pictures and worthless jewelry 
now offeted as prizes for new sub- 

Looking at the matter in this light» 
I think we have abundant reasons to be 
satisfied with the progress already 
made; but we should not rest content 
with this success, but now seek still 
farther advance. One glorioos result, 
growing out of the publication of the 
JoiTBNAii, has been to foster a taste for 
Btadj and thought among Locomotive 
Engmeers, and to lead them to give, 
throagh its columns, expression to 
sochttioaght. No better school— no 

better discipline for the mind is at our 
command than this, and in proof of itd 
almost inestimable worth, witness the 
improvement in thought, in style, in 
language, to be seen in the contribu-* 
tions to its pages. Of course this in- 
creasing contribution of matter for 
publication demands more extended 
room than the limited space of our 
JouBNAii at present affords, and there- 
fore let those who feel themselves at 
all agrieved because they do not 
obtain the access to its columns they 
desire, at once set about the work of 
increasing its circulation, as the first 
step towards an enlargement of its 
pages — for such enlargment we ought 
to have — ^but first, let its subscription 
list be so iucreased as to warrant the 
outlay involved in increased space. 
There are many other motives that 
should incite us to effort in seeking 
to extend the circulation of our book, 
but I have already occupied more 
space than I intended at the outset, 
and may not now refer to them. Bat 
having said thus much I will close by 
making a proposition — namely : I 
will be one of twenty who will agree 
to obtain Ji/'ii/ new subscribers each, 
provided the other members of the 
Order will each obtain iwo. Now then, 
who will be the nineteen to join me 
in this, and what member will not 
undertake to secure two new subscrib- 
ers and thereby hold us to the con- 
tract ? Come now. Brothers, **A longf, 
pun — ^a strong pull, and a pull all to- 
gether," for our JouBNAii. 

0. H. B 


We do not append these remarks to- 
the above communication with a view 
of adding anything of interest to it,, 
but our good Brother has so ably set 
forth the claims of our little Jottbnaii,. 
and given expressions and opizuonsr 
that accord so well with our own, that 
we cannot forbear saying to him — we 
thank you — we feel encouraged — ^yoa 
have removed all the ill feelings pro- 
duced by all the cautious critics that 
have given their prophetic advice. 

Digitized by 



riOOOMonvB snqinbkrs' 

Every member of the Brotherhood 
most admit all that is said in regard to 
inoreasing the oiroulation of the Jovb- 
xaxj. There is not a member of our 
organization bnt vhat oonld obtain 
five snbsoribers, there are other mem- 
bers that could obtain a haadred out- 
«ide of their Divisions, bat instead of 
•obtaining the five, or a hundred, they 
•do not even take the Jodbnaii them- 
■selves, and when asked to subscribe 
their reply is, that, <*the Joubnal is 
Ailed with silly letters from both men 
4uad women, and it don't amount to 

They propose instead of this corres- 
pondence to fill the columns of the 
JouBNAii with selections from the Me- 
chanical papers and the writdDgs of 
the great scholars and celebrated men 
of our day. 

To my mind the success of the 
JouBNAii always depended ux>on inter- 
esting and securing the co-operation 
and influence of its owners and pat- 
rons, and I do not believe that any 
plan can be devised that will create 
the general interest that our present 
liome style secures. That our book 
<)ontains many imperfections we do 
not deny, but in that respect we are 
improving; and to-day we have hun- 
dreds of men and women that take a 
deep interest in the Joubnal, who can 
write well enough to interest any 
reader. Yet when they first began it 
was hard work to express their 
thoughts in an intelligible manner. 

As to selections from great authors, 
and Mechanfcal works, I have but one 
word to say, they are too scientfflo for 
our readers. And I will agree to give 
a liberal reward for every article taken 
from the most popular Mechanical pa- 
pers that is any way adapted to our 
oolumns, or that will in any way bene- 
fli oar readers as a dass. 

I honestly believe that our little 
JouBNAii contains more heart senHmeni 
than any book of the kind printed in 
the world. It is from the people 
themselves, and for their benefit. It 
should be the proudest aspiration of 
every member of our organization to 
make for our little book a name that 
shall last as long as time itself, and 
that shall be honored as the beginning 
of a new era in the efforts of working 
men and women, to better their condi* 
tion in life. 

It is to be regretted that our oppor- 
tunities for learning were limited, but 
such is the fact, and in my judgment 
we shall appear much better by using 
and improving our own knowledge 
than by sailing under false colors. 

Our purpose has been to print a 
book that would interest the Engineer 
and his family, and as far as we conld, 
interest and secure the friendship of 
the Railway Officials and the general 

The evidence that our Joubnaii is 
more appreciated than we had dare 
expect, is furnished in every oaee 
where our Brotherii and Friends have 
solicited subscriptions outside of the 
Brotherhood, From some localities 
where there are but few Railroad men, 
some kind lady friend has taken it 
upon herself to solicit subscriptions ; 
the result is, some send fifty, others 
one hundred and over; will any Brother 
say that their Joubnal does not 
amount to anything, when some wo- 
man can collect a hundred dollara for 
it in a small village. It might 
"amoont" to more if every Brother 
would but perform half his duty. 

Our good Brother B. has done good 
service in obtaining subscribers here- 
tofore, and our Brothers can depend 
on his Jl^ if he is obliged to keep 
them all himself. 

Digitized by 




Kow I ask, is it not yery singular 
that a Brother who cannot possibly 
baye the least personal motiye in mak* 
ing the proposition that Brother B. 
does, shoold see so clearly the great 
advantages of the Joubhaii to theB. 
of L. K, and who is willing to make 
the effort to sustain the Joubnaii as it 
should be. While at the same time 
ire have many Brothers that lurenin- 
ning engines, and are dependent upon 
the success of that kind of business for 
a livelihood, who do not see any use of 


My Brothers, you labor under a 
great mistake, and I entveat yon to be 
advised by our energetic Brother B., 
who cannot possibly have any eairthly 
motive except the general good of 
your organisation. He is not running 
an engine, but is so situated that he is 
in a good position to be an impartial 

Who are the nineteen Brothers that 
win volunteer to enroll their names on 
the Scroll of Honor with Brother B ? 

£!diior8 Journal : 

Although for twenty years as ftuni- 
liar with the locomotive as a whole, 
and in the details of its construction, 
mechanioallv, as I am with my own 
name, yet when I come to consider the 
most economical form of construction, 
the best application of steam, the 
adjustment of the valve motion, the 
distribution of weight on the drivers, 
so as to gain the greatest amount of 
adhesion, to consider the size of cylin- 
der, the length of stroke, the sise of 
wheel, inv mind becomes bewildered in 
the vastfces and intricacies of the sub- 
ject. In seeking for information 
amouff those who have had years of 
experience in running, and therefore 
the best possible chance for observa* 
tion, I find them to have each an opin- 
ion of their own, but yet not able fullv 
to explain why they have formed such 
an opinion. Amon^ the builders we 
find a variance of opinion, each builder 

claiming to be right, to have the best: 
proportions for economy and dnnib^- 
it^, and each buUder having their 
friMkds and advooates among master 
mechanics and engineers. There seems: 
to me bat one method of a practical 
test, and that is to hsfve the perform* 
anoe of Afferent elasses of engines on 
the same road carefully noted and 
compared. By a aumbcr of road» 
where there is a -wmimlsf of enginesmn- 
ning keeping soeh a resold, and then 
compsriDg suefa record, some facts 
might be gained of interest to nahoad 
oompsaies. These thoaghtssu ggo s to d 
tiisinsslfsa to me Ircna riding a lew 
miles on apnsncingsr engioe the stroke' 
of which had been lenstheiied from 
twsnty-fbur to tweol^^siK inches. I 
had paid «he solnaol but UtUe atten* 
tion, although I had frsqoently heard 
It talked of among eqgineevs and me* 
ohaaics, the majority I think decid- 
ing in isvor of the genesaOy received 
opinion of short stroke sad laiwe 
wheA for pswssagiir engines. My 
mind not being quite ctosr on the 
subject, I have given it some thoughts 
which I will give yonr readers a ohaneo 
to critioiBe, which they cannot well do 
without some thovght^ thought beinff 
a means of improvement^ uiereforp, 
though my ideas may be curions, an 
obrieet will ha^e been f^ained. 

The engine in question was a sixteenr 
by twenty-four inch cylinder, the stroko 
being increased to twenty-six inches, 
with a five foot eight inch wheeL Now 
taking one mile as a basis on wbicb to 
calculate, we find that a five foot eight 
inch wheel will make two hundred and 
ninety-seven revolutions; now as the* 
piston travels four feet at one turn th« 
piston travels one thousand one hun- 
dred and eighty-eight feet, but adding* 
two inches, the increase of travel of 

Siston would be ninety-nine feet, or a 
istance equal to twenty-four and three 
fourths revolutions of the original 
stroke; other conditions remaining the 
same, we have simply an increased 
leverage, and increased velocity of pis- 
ton at the same speed of engine. 

The crank and excentric, retaining- 
their relative position, the end of the 
stroke is gained at precisely the same 
time AS before, the valve lead being the 

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eam6,the only change being that whei a 
it eat off before at eight inches, it now 
outs off at nine or reoeiyee steam at all 
points one-inch farth<)r than indicated 
on the<qaandrant Now the only prin- 
ciples I can see inYolved is the increas- 
ed Yeloeitj of piston, the ntihty of the 
former depenaing on the weight of 
engine, if there is sufficient weight to 
hold the engine to rail with her in- 
cireased leverage* then there is an ad- 
vantage gained, as also in the increased 
langth of cjlindcTi if there is sufficient 
boiler to generate steam to meet the 
* increasing demand. As regards the 
▼elooitT of piston, it woald seem to 
depend on the Telocity of steam, and 
the facility with which it can be ex- 
hansted without the loss of power, I 
believe the exact veloeitj at which 
«team is the most effective^ has never 
4>een fully decided. 

Besmer, in his calculations on the 
steam army, states that stpam escapes 
into the open air at the Telocity of 
nineteen hundred feet perseoond,or an 
efSactiTe velocitT for projectile purpose 
at a pressure. of one hundred and fifty 
pounds of sixteen hundred feet per sec- 
ond. From this calculation, if correct* 
'there is no want of velocity at steam ; 
the only point then would be in getting 
rid of the steam which in the engine 
here referred to, if cut off at the same 

Eoint, would be the same time as before; 
ut in case the engine is worked at full 
stroke, then the time for exhaust is 
decreased, or rather the quantity of 
steam increased for the same time or 
-during the reTolution. 

If these deductions be correct in 
'^ase of sufficient weight of engine to 
withstand the increased leverage, then 
the idea of lengthening stroke is cor* 
recti and can be done without decreas- 
ing the speed of the engine, or the use 
of more steam than before? for the area 
of piston being same, we apply ,the 
same pressure with the advantage of 
increased length of crank, and out off 
at the same number of inches as be- 
fore leaving more room for expansion. 
That there are many points in favor 
of both long and short stroke cannot 
be denied. The short stroke must of 
necessity increase the area of the pis 
ton in proportion to the reduction of 

stroke, and as the area is inoreatod so 
must the piston, and its connections 
be increased in stvength on the princi* 
pal that a pound on a ten-foot lever is 
equal to ten pounds on a one-foot 

Hoping to bear from some of the 
experienced on this point, giving some 
light, I remain most truly yours. 


An Engineers Story. 


I believe there is no class of people 
who owe their safetv so much to that 
strange sympathy which exists between 
nature and man as the locomotive 
engineer. His nerves are constantly 
wrought up to so tense a pitch of ex- 
citement as to render him peculiarly 
sensitive to the slightest premonition 
of danger ; and my theory is that 
every man who runs a locomotive 
should have this highly strung, finely 
wrought organization. If this was the 
case, and every one would heed the 
still small voice, warning of approach- 
ing evil, there would be fewer accidents 
than there are under the existing state 
of things. 

Almost any railroad man will tell you 
of instances which have come under 
his own^ observation where some poor 
fellow, just before the fatal blow which 
launched him into eternity, said, ** I 
feel blue," *' I feel as if something was 
going to happen," or something of the 
kind. I remember a g^y, merry boy, 
the pet of the train, who stopped sing- 
ing a comic song, saying, *'Don^t 
tease me, I'm lonesome," and jump- 
ing off the engine, and rnnninff ahead, 
was caught between two frefht cars 
and killed within three minutes after 
the words left his lips. I sincereljr be- 
lieve that by heeding these warnings 
the sad end might often be averted. 

I speak from a ten years' experience. 
I have run all kinds of trains on idl 
sorts of roads. I have whistled for 
brakes, reversed my engine, and stop- 

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.(>edmj express passenger train, with 
ten heayilj loaded coaches, within 
twelye inches of a broken rail, which 
irould haTe sent ns all to kingdom 
eome by the way of a deep, rocky 
gorge below as, had I not halted. I 
once reversed my machine, and backed 
a long freight up a heavy ^btde, when 
ranning npon direct orders given me 
by the president of the road, when had 
I gone on half a mile farther around a 
oarve, we should have run into an ex- 
cursion train going on a picnic. One 
iiiamAl, foggy night I stopped saddenly 
and taking my lantern went out spying 
the track ahead, well knowing I shonld 
find something amiss, and lying across 
^he rails, only a few feet from the cow- 
eatcher, was a switchman, who had 
been knocked down and badly injured 
by a train just ahead of us. And at 
another time, on going ahead to look 
tcft danger, I found a tremendous great 
xook that had rolled down on to the 
track from a ledge above us. I have 
no explanation to offer for these sin- 
gular presentiments ; they come across 
me all at once, and, as it were, compel 
rske to obey them. I have never had 
one play me false, and have never met 
with a serious accident. 

The strangest and most unaoounta- 

ble adventure was on the Bt and 

8t ^railroad. It was in the opening 

of the year, ^ the frost was coming out 
of the ground, making the track in- 
fernally rough. The trains were all 
behind time. Everybody was cross, 
and to increase my discomfort, my reg- 
ular fireman was off— down with the 
agae — and in his place they had sent 
me a miserable Dutch rascal by the 
name of Weisbrunt. I fancied at first 
that I knew the fellow, and after keep- 
ing my eye on him for a while, I was 
: sure I had had an experience with him, 
while running a construction train on 
the Illinois Central, several years be- 
fore. He was a quarrelsome cur, who 
icept a fuss constantly brewing among 
the men, and I had used my influence 
to get him discharged. He had sworn 
vengeance then, and I was reasonably 
•certain he meant mischief now. There 
had been, for some time, a systematic 
robbery of freight, going on all along 
4^e line of the road, and I, in common 

with most of the engineers, was playing 
detective, in addition to my usual du- 
ties. Some rather suspicious actions 
on the part of my fireman caused me 
to suspect.him of belonging to the gang 
of plunderers, and consequently to be 
constantly on the alert as to his move- 

The particular night of which I 
write we had no end of bad luck. The 
train was an express freight, and the 
engine which usually worked to a 
charm had raised particular hob all 
day. She would not make steam, 
the fire was loose and would not burn, 
the pumps bothered, and altogether 
in my heart I called it all the fault of 
my German devil of a fireman. He 
seemed to do as well as he could, and 
swore in Dutch, high and low, roundly 
enough to have run the steam guage. 
up to the highest notch, if that had 
been all it required. We were several 
hours behind time, and the night had 
set in dark and rainy, when we stop- 
ped at ESyota. All at once I missed 
Weisbrunt from his post, and a few 
minutes after heard him groaning pit- 
eouslv in the rear of the train, and 
running back, found him on the 
ground, rolling and screaming and 
behaving generally like a person in 
the most excruciating agony. He said, 
in explanation, that he went back to 
the caboose for a lunch, with one of the 
brakemen, and slipping on the wet, 
half icy step, had fallen and broken 
his anue. We attempted to put him 
in the caboose, to carry him where he 
could have surgical help, but he made 
such a row we were compelled to leave 
him with the station agent. I was in 
a dilemma indeed. We were short of 
help before this happened, I could not 
fire the engine myself, and for a minute 
hardly knew what to do. Then I 
thought of Jimmy McCarthy, an Irish 
lad, — a bright, pleasant little fellow, 
who often rode with me when I was 
switching at this station, and who, like 
hundreds of boys, imagined working 
on a railroad to be perfect felicity, and 
I, for the sake of hearing him talk, 
had promised, as soon as he was old 
enough, to get him a job. Now I 
thought I could manage with his help 
until I could get some one stronger. 

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and I made all possible haste to the 
miserable shantj where he liyed with 
his mother, to rout him np. I found 
i'le wretched place illnminaled hj can- 
dles, stack in every nook and comer, 
and the old woman, apparently in the 
last extremity, surrounded by a 
lioreechinff, groaning, howling crew, 
who drank, smoked, wailed, danced, 
and went on generally after the man- 
ner of this class of Irish when there 
is a poor soul taking its departure. 
Jimmy was crouched on the foot of the 
becL but at sight of me, sprang forward 
witn a glad cir. I hurriedly stated 
my errand, and attempted to beat a 
retreat But Hrs. McCarthy had hei«d 
my name, and in a faint voice showered 
blessings upon me for coming to take 
care of poor little JimmTf aod learn 
him to M an engineer. "And, Jamie,'* 
B^e said, over and oyer, '*I shall watch 
oyer you, up there, and if there is any 
danger, I shall let you know it '» Her 
anxiety for this boy seemed to be her 
onW care in leaving the world, which 
had been one of trouble for her. And 
now she insisted he e^ould go with 
me at once. Under different circum- 
stances, I should have hesitated about 
taking him from his mother's death 
bed, but then it seemed the kindest 
thing I could do. ''I shall live until 
you come back at daylight, Jimmyt" 
she said, and we made the best of our 
way back to the engine", to find that in 
my absence thev had looked over the 
train and found a tire broken to one of 
the cars, which was loaded with valua- 
ble liquors, and we had no alternative 
but to leave it. I scented mischief, 
and whispered my sus}>ioions to the 
conductor, but he only laughed at my 
fears, said the car was new and was 
locked and sealed, and even so big a 
devil as Weisbrunt cocddn't do much 
harm with a broken leg« So at exactly 
ten p. H. we started for the junction, 
where we turned roand, took wood and 
water, ate a square meal, hitched on to 
another express freight, and started 
back, making a round trip as soon as 
possible, and then laying over for 
twenty-four hours. 

Every thing went finely, the engine 
never worked better, and at exactly 
three a.m. we stopped as usual on our 

return at Easson, a little station^ teia» 
miles from Eyota, for wood. 

It was raining like ^at guns. X 
had looked over one side of my ma- 
chine, and going round the front end^ 
I saw an old IrisU woman leaning wea- 
rily against the wood pile. I wondered 
at her pretence there at that time of 
night, and as she stood directiy within 
the radius of the bull's eye, i noticed 
her brown pettiooats and dumsy shoes, 
tiie plaid shawl crossed over her 
bosom, her white cap front and the- 
handkerchief arranged so as to hide all 
of her face but the dull, heavy, blue 
eye8» which followed my every moye* 

Som^sthing about the look struck me- 
unplesisantly, and gave me a chilly,.. 
unea«r sensation, for which I blamed 
m^sdl and called myself nervous, and 
gating down the opposite side, out of 
range of tha leaden eyes, I finished my 
oilingi and made all ready for starting. 
After we were well under way, I 
chanced to look behind me, and there» 
leamng against the tender box, was the 
same old woman. 

I was mad for a moment " Jimmie 
is putting on airs," I said to myself ;. 
'*i shall have to give him a lesson in 
humility, if he takes on dead heads at 
this early stage of his career. I wilk 
not stop to put her off ; I will oidj give 
him to understand the same thing must 
not happen again. " She did not aeem^ 
to mind the rain at all ; and as Jimmy 
passed and repassed her intent upon 
his duties, they seemingly took not the 
slightest notice of each other. It waa 
a straight bit of wood, with as good a. 
track as anv on the line, and, as was 
my custom nere, I was running very 
fast and as I glanced round from time 
to time, those strange, dull eyes never 
left me, with their fixed, stony stare. 
I began to grow uneasy, and ihe cold 
chills went creeping down my spine. 

The time was comparatively but a 
few minutes, but it had seemed hours- 
to me, when, all at once, she sprang 
forward and caUed out — "Stop, for 
your life P and instantly swung her- 
self down on the step. ''Good Godl'^ 
I cried, "she wiU be killed." "Who?'' 
said Jimmie, "I saw no one.'' Look- 
ing down I caught a glimpse of her^ 

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Btaoding as no human being could 
stand, after jumping from a rapidly 
moving train. The handkerchief was 
gone from her face, and I recognized 
Mrs. McCarthy as I had seen her a 
score of times. I reversed the engine 
and we went forward to find the rails 
torn up and chained acroos the way in 
such a manner as would have thrown 
U8 down the precipice into Uie river. 
We went on to the station, and after 
considerable time and trouble found 
out the whole nefarious p^ Weis* 
brant was the leader of a band of rob- 
ben, and theyciade Ejota their head- 
quarters, as it was easy of access to the 
river, and they could carry away their 
^nnder by means of boats and rafts. 
Ha had tampered with the engine, as 
ha was detenniaed not to pass Ejota 
before dark, as he was resolved to have 
» ahave of the cargo of liquors. He 
had feigned the broken mnb for the 
sake oi being left, and while we were 
all busy trying to make him oomforta* 
Me, one of his accomplices had dis- 
abled the car. They did not break 
it open, as it was no part of their plan 
to have the robbei^ traced to this sta- 
tion, so they bored holes through the 
bottom of the car and possessed them- 
selTes of its contents by means of 
pipes. Mad and crazy with drink they 
hua the trap for my train, with the 
double purpose of revenging on me, 
and robbing Hie wreck. But, having 
unwitting^ imbibed too much of their 
ill-gotten hquor, we foond them dead 
drank, concealed in a hut in the brush, 
neer the place where they had torn up 
the track, and taking these four into 
coatody was the means of effectually 
rooting the whole gang. 

On inquixy I learned that Mrs. Mc- 
Carthy awakened with a start, from a 
deep Bleep,'with an exclamation to the 
effect that Jimmi%was in trouble, and 
she must go to him, and died instantly 
without a struggle, at exactly three 
o'clock, just the time she appeared to 
me, lesAing on the wood pile at Kas- 

I have no wish to mor^klize on the 
subject I have given yon the simple 
fapts, and you can draw your own con- 
dMons. But if Mrs. McCarthy ever 
aj^pears to me again, and commands 

me to 8top,->as little as I approve of 
woman's rights,— I shall obey her, if I 
can, if I am running a lightning train 
down a grade, at the rate of a mile in 
thirty seconds. 

Porilled by Sofferlng. 

BT J. P. 

'Twas midnight— storming, dark, and wild* 
Alone by the erib ef her raffering ohild 
A mother sat, to soothe its pain ; 
Bat pmyers and tean alike were rain. 
The wailing babe found no relief. 
The mother's heart was wild with gAd, 
To know her ftitare hope and stay 
Was passlDg silently away. 
Her babe was aU that made life sweet; 
Its many little wants to meet 
Beguiled her weary aching brain 
Of half its weight of hidden pain. 
How oould she let her darling gof 
How would the father bear the blow f 
The thought was more than the heart eould bear» 
And ended in this wailing prayer— 
*'0h I Spare the child that he may be 
The instrument, designed by Thee, 
To lure hie wayward father back 
From the poor drunkard's downward traok. 
Thou knowest, Lord, how I have plead 
With tears and prayers, sinoe we were wed; 
And love for child Aiay yet prevail. 
Where love for wife is known to faiL" 
E'en while the mother bowed her head to pray* 
The angels came and bore the ohild away. 
'Twas morning -o're the dawn had come 
The drunken father neared his home. 
The mother knelt beeide her clay ; 
Her tongue could find no word to say. 
The stricken father bending o'er. 
Was aoberad in a moment more. 
The pvst, with all iia fearful weight 
Of cruelty, neglect, and hate— 
Of passion for the maddening bowl,. 
Swept like a torrent o'tr his sonl. 
Oh ! bitter were the tears he shed 
Above the cradle of his dead- 
Repentant tears- whose ceaseless flow 
Told the full measure of his woe. 
And love's foniving tones proclaimed 
A matual confidence regained. 
Thus death the happy change had wrought 
That life and love so vainly sought. 
And kneeling by his loving wifh, 
He vowed to lire a christian life. 
Now the happy mother thanks the Lord each da^* 
That her prayer was answered in His own gooci 

Columbus- Ohio Feb. 1871. 


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LoooMonvB saraisTBiRS' 

[For the Journal.] 

What Happened to an Eajrlneer on 

BY O. H. B. 

"Now, Governor," said my fireman 
io me. one day as we were approach- 
ing Albany, with the 12 o^olock ex- 
press, on the Hudson BiverB. B., 
*'this afternoon, when we get the en* 
^^e put np. and get our dinners, let 
as go over to Hamilton Skating Park» 
«nd try our skill on skates.'* 

<-I hardly think I can, Charley," I 
replied. "I want to go over the riv- 
-er to the city, and I shall be oooupied 
until it is time for us to leave for 
iPoughkeepsie again to-nighi" 

"Well, take your skates along and 
«top awhile at the Park, and then go 
into the city. No doubt you can skate 
for an hour or so, and then have plen- 
ty of time to. do all you wish, and 
you'll be well paid for ^oin^ too, for 
there is a most bewitching little crea- 
ture who is always there about three 
o'clock, or at least has been all this 
. week so far, for I've been over every 
* afternoon. She skates splendidly, and 
all the fellows are half crazy about 

It is needful, perhaps, that I should 
here explain to those of my readers 
who are not acquainted with the vicin- 
ity of which I am speaking, that what 
was denominated "Hamilton Skating 
Park'* was a portion of the ice on the 
river opposite the city, and at the foot 
of Hamilton street, scraped and kept 
in good condition for skating ; yet at 
times when the weather was favorable 
the ice without artificial aid formed 
most superb skating in either direc- 
tion from the Park to the route of the 
Boston ferry on the North, and to that 
•of the Greenbush ferry on the South. 
The boats of these ferries, breaking 
-their way through the ice while it was 
forming, though compelled at length 
9 to cease running, left the broken ice 
- in their frozen routes so rugged and 
uneven, as to form a boundary to the 
excursions of the skaters, who would 
strike out from the Park when these 
''glairs," as they were called, had 

After dinner I met Charley at the 
Depot, having acceded to his request, 
and together we took our way across 
the ice to the Park. As we walked 
along I enquired "What is the name 
of this little beauty of whom you told 

"Don't know," he replie h ''Don't 
even know that she is a beauty, for I 
never saw her except when closely 
veiled ; but she has the prettiest 
figure and the dearest little foot I 
ever beh^; and besides she is so 
graceful, and so l^witching, and 
glides over the ice so like a bird Bail- 
ing on the air, that she fairly seems to 
float like aCi angel on the river ; and 
there isn't a fellow there that can 
equal her in skating." 

As there appeared to be an air of 
mystery about the matter, I became 
more interested, *nd asked, "Does 
she come alone ?^ • 

"Yee^always !'^ was the reply ; «•! 
have never seen her with any one." 

We reached the Park, and Charley 
pointed to ^petita figure, that seemed, 
as he had said, to be glidiiig over the 
ice like a bird, without any appare|i^ 
effort or exertion. 

* 'There is our little mystery ; is she 
not divine ?'• 

The bright crimson balmoral came 
to the top of her gaiters, and display- 
ed two tiny feet firmly strapped in & 
pair of fancy skates, uod looking most 
coquettishly tantalizing'. There was 
something so fascinating to me about 
this unknown, that I stood for a few 
moments watching her, quite forget- 
ting the purpose I had in view in 
coming to the Park. 

'•Come, Governor," said Charley, 
"put on your skates and let us strike * 
in. You will freeze staufling here, 
and it's no use to stand and watch 
that little witch. Y^u can't make any 
thing out about her. She won't pay 
the least attention to tjij one." 

I did as Charley advised, and was 
soon shooting over the ice. I prided * 
myself not a little on my skill as a ska- 
ter, and now, I thonght, "We shall 
see, my veiled beauty, whether you 
have your match or no.'' I sholi Ja 
among the many skaters on the », 
trying to appear, like them, only %- 

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tent upon the exercise in band, but I 
'kept an eye on tbe movements of tbe 
inoognito, who, with gracefol carves 
and sweeps, and the most bewitching 
grace, sailed hither and thither, now 
flying like an arrow dose by one, now 
sweeping in a circle around another, 
anon seeming about to approach a 
group, who paused as if expecting to 
meet her, but in an instant she was a 
long distance from them. 

In one of those graceful sweeps she 
approached within a few feet of me, 
«8 I was easily gliding along, and now 
^as my time. 

I shot out with my utmost speed, 
curving sharply with the intent to cross 
her course, and compel her to either 
pause or change her direction, and as 
she did so to strike in by her side. 
The next instant a sharp metalic 
Tinging of skates was heard, and fol- 
lowing the sound came the appearance 
of atwrs as large as fall moons, and 
flashing sparks, and ringing sensa- 
tions, as though mv head had been a 
Vatoan's forge ; and amid all this was 
borne to my ringing ears the sound of 
silvery laughter, a^ the tantalizing 
beau^ shot away on the ice. 

Here was a pretty go I The provok- 
ing gaselle had adroitly tripped me, 
and I sprang to my feet not onl^mor- 
iified* bat (I might as well own it) bit- 
terly vexed, and now determined I 
would have my revenge by compelling 
•ihia mysterious beauty to unveil her 
face and speak to me. Of course I 
had to endure the added mortification 
of having a crowd of skaters gather 
about me with kindly meant, but, un- 
der the circumstances, humiliating in- 
•quiries and condolemeuts, and was 
eompelled to repeat, agajA and again, 
the assurance that I was not in the 
least hart — and of course I wawk't I 
Oh, no I my head didn't ache a bit~ 
''twas only a slight fall, all owing to 
one of my skates getting loose, and all 
that ; and to show that 1 was all right, 
And to tarn attention from my mishap, 
I said, **Let us see now who among us 
is the swiftest skater. " 

**IamI'* said a silvery voice, "and 
whoever can overtake me shaJl have a 
kiss." And the aggravating crimson 
I>almoral glided in among the sur- 

rounding skaters, and close by me, 
and away like a feather on the wind* 
There was a sudden scattering of 
my inquiring svmpathizers. The la- 
dies who had heard the bold offer* 
seemed half pleased, half vexed at this 
apparent want of reserve in one of 
their sex, and as they glided in differ- 
ent directions away, glanced looks at 
me, that seemed to say, **There's a 
challenge for the gentlemen, and spe- 
cially for yon, sir." I own I felt some- 
what startled by the very liberal offer 
made bv the little divinity, for I had 
always been very particular abont such 
matters, and I admired delicacy and 
reticence above all things in a lad^ ; 
still I reflected this was of course in- 
tended for me alone ; she expected 
me to outskate all the others, and I 
felt that my chivalry— to speak of no 
softer feeling — ^was calling upon me to 
exert myself to the atmost. 

A score of good skaters were in in- 
stant, quick pursoit, and I was not 
the hinderi&ost among. them. As I 
have already said, I had alwavs been 
a good skater, but now I had some- 
thing to urge me on to greater effort 
than I had yet made. 

For a number of davs the weather 
had been most favorable to the forma- 
tion of smooth ice, and the "glaire'' 
of which I have spoken had formed 
in the moot perfect manner, extend- 
ing over all the intervening distance 
between the two ferries, and even far 
up into what was called the "creek,'' 
an arm or branch of the river passing 
on the east side of Van Rensellaer 
Island. Along the banks of this creek, 
between it and the main street run- 
ning parallel thereto, leading from 
Bast Albanv to Greenbush, quite a 
number of dwellings had been erected 
and in one of them I resided. Its 
rear windows looked squarely down 
on the creek . 

The maltitude of skaters in pursuit 
of the bold challenger, spreading rap- 
idly out on either hand, seemed in a 
f >«ir way to hem her in, when sudden^ 
she shofiA among them and across the 
Park, and'out of its bounds proper 
upon the broad "glaire*' of the river, 
and awa/ like an arrow towards the 
Soutii ferry. A shout of admiration 

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went up from her foiled parsaers at 
this adroit maaoeaver, and in less 
time than it takes me to tell it» she had 
left all, except two or three of the 
most expert far behind. 

I was msiking the best speed of 
which I was capable, when to my mor- 
tification and chagrin, I saw another 
fellow shoot trinmplmntlj past me. 
I called into requisition all my pow- 
ers, and finally left him behind. The 
little divinity was bat a short distance 
in advance •f me, and I felt certain of 
victory, when I made a misstroke with 
my left foot, and was compelled to 
■mke olf into a carve to retain my 
eqniMbrimn, and my rival passed me» 
ironically beckoning me on as he did 
so. I was soon again in fallparsnit, 
bat, oh 1 misery I what did I see ? My 
rival had reached the object of oar 
vaxBoit^ and was in the act of patting 
forth his arms to seise the prize. At 
that moment she darted with the 
qoioknesB of light to the left^ ducking 
her head, and passing ftAtlr ander his 
oatstretched arms, and in tne next in- 
stant he was tambling headlong 
among the hammocks and fraffments 
of broken ice, froaen in the disased 
route of the feny beat It may have 
been somewhat angeneroas, bat I didnt 
stop to see whether he was hurt — I 
coiudn*t spare the time — I had other 
basinees on hand just then. 

The veiled beaaty was now gliding 
swiftly and diagonally to the left, and 
towards the month of the creek at the 
soath end of the Island. I shot also 
in the same direction on a converging 
line, that woald cat her off from strik- 
ing the smooth ice on the river, and 
leave her no other coarse bat ap the 
creek. Into it she flew and I was not 
far behind. The distance between the 
crimson balmoral and myself was les- 
sening— I took coarsge and pressed 
on. Presently a half suppressed langh 
from my mysterious divinity reached 
my ears. This was cheering to me, 
for of coarse it must mean that the lit- 
tle angel was pleased because I,^aC|fcll 
who had started in pursuit wto likely 
to win the reward. One moment more 
and my arm encircled th^pgraceful 
figure, while with the otberband I 
proceeded to raise the veil. Jerusa- 

lem and Jericho I Slia was blacker thdm 
thiB aoeof spades / 

Suddenly I came to a realizing sense- 
that a CorUrahand kiss was forbidden,, 
and— well, I didn*t take it But what 
a ringing, joyous langh rang over tho 
ice a.% a moment after, the little grace- 
ful form shot down the creek, and as 
I stooped to unfasten my skates I 
caught the last glimpse of the crimson 
balmoral as it disappeared around the^ 
lower end of the Island. 

I was right opposite my own houser 
and as I demurely walked up the patb 
to the back door, my wife opened it,, 
and nearly suffocating with laughter, 
cried, * 'Why didn't you kiss her ?" I 
hadn't any reply quite ready for such 
a question, and so I couldn't answer 
it What would you have replied an* 
der like circumstances ? 

Oar Age and oar Work. 

What a restless, unsatisfied, graspingv 
indostrioas, inquisitive, daring being la 
manl Yet these very peculiarities place 
him where he is, the highest in the scale 
of beiDK, the kiuff of the brute, the chos- 
en instrument of the King of Heaven,, 
to work out His great plans, to penetrate- 
the depths of the earth, to climb its< 
heights, to -volve its mysteries. While- 
the brute lives to-day as at the dawn of 
creation, man lives entirely different. 
The brute has been given no power to- 
improve or better its condition, while- 
man has the preregative, and is even re- 
guired to be continually increasing every- 
tacility, and to place under his control 
every thing in nature. Man's duties i» 
to seek out hidden things, discover the- 
l agu governing mysterious things, and' 
bajginto s|bjectlon whatever he may 
wKm benefiSal to himself. 

Ispeak of this difference between mai»< 
andnne brute, the more clearly to com- 
pare his first condition with that of the 
present. At the fall, it would seem the- 
brute possessed many advantages which 
man aid not. Animals were provided 
with natural weapons, clothing and 
homes. Man had none of these givei^ 
him, but he had one gift which was nnaU 
ly to become a greater one. the only con- 
dition being labor. This (citt was reason^ 
intellect, a soul combininir every rpqui^ 
site necessarv for his t»*mporal welfare^ 
only he was left tu uae it fur tiimself^ 

Digitized by 




Labor, it would seenif became as essen- 
tial to his existence as air. Food and de- 
fence he was compelled to prepare for, 
and through the mind power given him. 
he was capable of supplying his natural 
wants. Without labor, however, this in- 
tellect would have been of no use. God 
made labor the life of the mind he had 
given to man. Exercise was essential 
to its growth and existence, and happi- 
ness conld onljgrow out of such exercise. 
Mark the changes, gradual but certain, 
which such labor nas accomplished from 
that day to this. Mind-work has done 
it all. Gradually but surely, €rod is per- 
fecting his plans through the exercise of 
the reason he has bestowed upon man. 
£very new invention of man is a discov- 
•ery of hidden laws. He makes man un- 
earth, and each is a divine work, and 
man is the noble instrument. 

All things are working gradually for 
good, because a divine work cannot be 
bad. Let not a word arise denouncing 
•change, because change is advancement, 
«nd let none assert that the world is no 
hetter than formerly. The world is bet- 
ter to day than it was one year ago, and 
each year adds to the supremacy of the 
spirit of welfare among men. 

He is a fool who would cling to all the 
CQstoms of his forefathers — a pagan, who 
would let old predjndices block up the 
pathway of advancement. 

We are promised a millenium. We 
near this aay in proportion as we make 
new discoveries, and apply them towards 
<mr temporal benefit, not only because 
we thereby secure to ourselves comfort, 
hat also because the discovery of one 
law leads to the discovery of another, and 
a wide-spread intelligence in which spir- 
itual as well as temporal knowledge 
gains a foDthold among men. Through 
this a real knowledge of the movements 
of the planetary systems, removes the 
superstition men entertained generally 
r^arding them, and prof es as false the 
assertions of those old humbugs, astrol- 
ogers. Eclipses are no longer used to 
inflaence men to work out evil for the 
evil Dream books find not as many 
votaries; old women are no longer hung 
as witches, and through the influence of 
thisknowledgOi Christianity grows bright- 
er and brighter, shining clearer in the 
n^ of truth which are so rapidly devel- 
oping its beauty and consistency. 

We loek upon our owa/ge with aston- 
ishment and admiration. In it we see 

the wonderful handiwork of God clearer 
than it was ever seen before. No man 
can contemplate its migesty, without a 
thrill of delight and pride. There is 
something so ^rand in the strides which 
human intellect has made during this 
aij^e, that we, the actors, loek upon it 
with pleasurable awe. If from the ashes 
of his grave, Solomon could arise and 
look upon the results of the brain labor 
of the nineteenth century, he would be 
willing to see the walls and columns of 
the mighty edifices he built, crumbling 
and hiding beneath the accumulating 
dusts of centuries, to accept the benefits 
the world reaps to day from the labor of 
a Morse or a Stephenson. 
^ Our age, however, is not the culmina- 
tion of excellence and perfection. Those 
yet to come, are to witness the wonders 
of human ingenuity which we but vague- 
ly dream of We cross the face of every 
ocean, and the steel track of the railroad 
glares across nearly every land on the 
globe; still we have seen but an iota of 
the wonders of travel yet, compared with 
that which coming ases will witness. 
We go aloft in frail balloons, and trust 
to what we know of air currents to take 
us in certain directions. The day will 
be when men will cleave the air like 
birds, choose their direction and take it, 
spite of opposing currents of air. Our 
diving apparatus will change into ma- 
chines wnich will cleave the depths of the 
ocean, and then the dark caverns of the 
deep will yield up their treasures and 
their mysteries. Through the growth of 
intelligence a host unnumbered of things 
we dream not of, will sprius into bein^ , 
and vices will be smotnered and virtue 
unchained- With the future, as with 
the past, there will be no retrograde. 
There will be one continual advance, 
and this advance must be moral as well 
as otherwise. Everr an lights up dark 
places in the world's history, un tram- 
mels the feet of those who have walked 
in ignorance and superstition ; breaks 
Slavic chains, numerous monopolies, and 
nnravels the web of evil, whicn the evil 
minded weave. Our railroads, ateam- 
^ps, and telegraph wires have worked 
already a wonderml revolmtion in the 
morai condition of the human mee. 
What will they do, when they move in 
hearing distance over eveiy part of the 

S^obe? When the steam whistle rings 
rough pagan lands, and the rumbling 
oar wheels sound to pagan ears the death 

Digitized by 




knell of idol worsb'p, then will commence 
new reforms at home. In these advances 
we predict the doom of every vice, and 
the elevation and nouriskpent of every 
virtue* Let us thank Heaven for the 
privilege of being chosen instruments 
for the furtherance of its mighty ends, 
and dig still deeper, climb still higher, 
and push forward with increasing zeal 
in the great work before us 


Ai/rooNA, Jan. 12, 1871. 
Messrs. Wilson dk FtUows : 

Sirs : — ^Tbere are events and chang- 
es constantly occurring in the Loco- 
motive Shops of cor country which 
are worthy of note, and which would 
be gladly receivad by you particularly, 
and the press generally, but often for 
want of a correspondent they are lost. 
Knowing your journal to be a seeker 
and disseminator of such note-worthy 
events, we take the liberty of forward- 
ing the following : 

In the year 1854 there was built in 
Baltimore, by Winans & Son, an en- 
gine of the 'Camel" olass, called the 
' 'Seneca. " The dimensions of the en- 
gine were— cylinder 19x22— wheel 43, 
8 wheel connected, total weight 63,- 
750 lbs. The engine was first bought 
by the N. Y. & N. H. R, R, and 
used by them until 1856, when it 
came into the possession of the P. R. 
R. and has been with us until the 

Originally the old oam, half-moon 
and hook formed her under-gear, but 
in 1862, under the administration of 
John P. Laird, Sup't M, P. AM., link 
motion took the place of the old hook, 
the front pair of drivers were dispens- 
ed with, the frames altered to suit 
new coupling and new stiff-bearing 
pony wheels put under, thus altering 
to a great extent the appearance un- 
derneath. The old fire-box end with 
its ooal-shute on top was at the same 
time cut off and a new fire-box and 
outside sheet put on. This made the 
'*Seneca*' a good mountain engine and 
faithfully did she perform her duty 
tiU about the 8th of November last, 
she broke a driving axle close to the 
hub and lost one of her wheels, be- 
jndes otherwise damagiug her rods 

and machinery. Of necessity she^ 
came to the shop. Here her past'use- 
fulness was overlooked. The improve- 
ments of the age, her dilapidated and 
antiquated appearance, her non- con- 
formity to standard dimensions all 
condemned her, and she was scrap- 
ped. Poor Seneca! Thus dies *<the 
last of the Mohicans*' on the P. R. B. 

For the past six years the ten or 
twelve **oamel'' engines we had, have 
been gradually undergoing such alter- 
ations, scrappings and remodellings, 
that all traces of their former shape 
and beauty ^ere gone, and the Sen- 
eca alone left us. And now, alas I she 
has followed in their Wake. We do 
not pretend to portray the feelings of 
him who last run her. Had we been, 
at the scene of disaster, we could no 
doubt have seen tearful emotion ia 
William Hudson. 

We loved the '*Seneca." She brought 
to recollection the memories and asso- 
ciations of by-gone days. The chang- 
es of years were remt^mbered in re- 
trospecting her career. And oh, how 
many and how painful some hav» 
been. Brothers who had raised that 
old-fashioned throttle-lever, and thus 
given her life and power, have been 
removed from earth — some by acci- 
dent, some by old age and some bj 
disease. ^ 

How similar to the fate of the Indian 
tribes (in honor of whom our "Gamed' ^ 
engines were named) has been the fate 
of our ''Camels.'' Civilization and 
the progress of the white man has 
gradualljr driven, and war has gradu- 
ally diminished the Indian, and to-day^ 
none are to be found in our valleys.. 
So, on the other hand, improvements 
in machio ery and locomotives has sup- 
planted the oli ''Camel," and with re- 
gret to-day we see the "old Seneca" 
hauled out of the shop, stripped of 
her beauty and power, a nude, un- 
shapely boiler, doomed to serve as a^ 
heater for a blacksmith shop I 

What a recompense, O, Seneca, for 
thy noble and remunerative services! 
Like the old hound or horse, thou art 
cast out as almost useless I Fated to 
endure the gioom, dust and soot of a 
shop, and to be daily serenaded with 
the monotonous clicking and ringing 

Digitized by 




of the blows on the altan of Ynloan, 
no more to breathe the pore, bracing 
air of the Allegheny I 

Bat bear it patiently, Seneoa, a 
brighter prospect looms up ahead. 
New form and life may yet be 
Tours. In fact, I know they wuL Ere 
loDj^ yon will come forth as the bat- 
terflyfrom thelarvse, far more bean- 
tiful thflji ever, and we will hail with 
joy yonr reappearance, though naught 
but the number appear& W. T. M. 

Nkw Yobk City Diyisiok, ) 
No. 105 of the B. of Ll £. ) 

Bbothkbs WiidON & Fbu^ws: — In 
TOUT journal of Jan., '71, Brother 
loung states that he has often thought 
that our Brother Engineers do not un- 
derstand the natural principles of wa- 
ter. I should like to know how much 
steam he had by pressure guage be- 
fore he started his engine, or when his 
pump began to work and blew the 
buttons off of his Test. If it expands 
eighteen hundred times its pressure 
at one hundred lbs. per square inch he 
must have had the greatest torpedo 
confined that ever I heard of. But 
* the way I understand it is that it ex- 
pands one square inch of water seven- 
teen hundreil times at atmospheric 
pressure, or at one hundred and twen- 
tj lb&, one-eighth part of seventeen 
hundred, which would make two hun- 
dred and twelve and one half square 
inches at eight atmospheres. Tnere- 
fore the contents of a pint of water 
are about twenty nine square inches. 
Thus 29x212>^s=s6062 square inches of 
fileam at the above pressure of eight 

As Brother Young seems to under- 
stand water pretty well, will he please 
to inform us how much water there 
is in this world of ours, allowing it to 
be eight thousand miles in diameter, 
one-third land and two-thirds water ; 
and how much steam it will make with 
his figures of expansion at eighteen 
hondred times. 

Now, will some old Engineer of the 
Brotherhood please to come forward 
and inform us both of our ipscaloula- 
tions, «nd benefit the Brotherhood 
thet^, and oblige 

A TouNa Enqinbbb, 
Of the Old Harlem. 

BuFFAiK), Jan. 14, »71. 

MBasBS. Wilson A Fxllows:— la 
looking over the pages of the last 
number of yqur Joubnaii, I see a com- 
munication from Mr. R O. Young, 
Columbia, Penn., addressed to the^ 
Brotherhood, upon the subject o£ 
water. But as I am only a fireman, 
I do not expect there will be any no- 
tice taken of my communication, 

I think the statements put fortii by 
Mr. Young are wrong ; they are so at 
least in my opinion. 

In the first place he says that water 
consists of oxygen and hydrogen ; in> 
what parts he does not say. 

Water results from the union of ogy- 
gen and hydrogen, one atom of each 
of these elements combining to form 
one atom of water. By volume it con- 
sists of two of hydrogen with one o£ 
oxygen. By weight, one part of hy- 
drogen united with eight of oxygen.. 
All common water contains a certain 
quantity of air in solution, and this 
air recovers its elasticity when the 
pressure of the atmosphere is taken 
off, and that cannot be done unless by* 
an air pump. 

Now I would like to know how he- 
is going to get the air out of the water 
by Uie steam blowing off. ^ 

Next Mr. Young says that water can 
only be heated to 212^, it being an im- 
possibility to raise the tempera* 
ture of water any higher. 

According to the very best authori- 
ty — ^Mr. B^gnault, who has made- 
some very daborate and careful ex- 
periments — ^heat increases in propor- 
tion to the pressure. Thus in steam- 
of the atmospheric pressure, or with 
14-7 lbs., upon the square inch the 
sensible heat of the steam is 212 de- 
grees, the latent heat 966-6 degrees ; 
whereas in steam of 90 lbs u^on the- 
square inch, the sensible heat is 820-1^ 
degrees, the latent 891-4 degrees, and 
the sum of the sensible and latent 
heats 1,211-0 degrees. 

There is therefore 88^ degrees less- 
of heat in any given weight of water 
raised with steam of the atmospheric 
pressure, than if raised into steam of 
90 lbs pressure. 

Mr. Young also states that if fresh 
water be pumped into a boiler when- 

Digitized by 




the steam is very high, it is immedi- 
«ieljr iionvertod into steam. Bach is 
not the case, unless the water is low 
in the boiler and certain parts of it is 
exposed to the fire, and I think it 
would be sufficient cause for an engi- 
neer's dismiasaL 

I cannot see how an engine will gen- 
«rate steam faster when iu motion than 
when standing still, unless the heat 
«hould be increased, which would be 
wrong when the steam was blowing 
ofL If the head of a rivet tears off, 
it does not follow that it was caused 
hj water being pumped into the 

Now, if I am wrong, I ask Mr. 
Young or any brother of the B. of L. 
£. to correct ma. 

I have no time to pursue this sub- 
ject further at present, but I hope 
that one or more of the Brotherhood 
will respond. Fibkman. 

E'JUoTM Journal I 

It has been very truthfully remarked 
by one of our most eminent statesman, 
that public confidence was one of the 
«trongeBt pillars on which rested the 
support of a government, so in all or- 
ders and organizations, and even in 
individual enterprise, the first and 
^^reat point to be attained is to secure 
public confidence* and afterwards to 
retain it The banker labors to gain 
the confidence of monied men, insur- 
juice companies by prompt payment 
•endeavor to attain the same object. 
Bailroad companies by safe and ezpe- 
ditiouB conveyance of passengers and 
^(oods, hope to gain public confidence, 
and thereby secure patronage. Relig- 
ious societies and the secret orders of 
farioufl kifids, set forth their claims to 
public coBfidenoe and support, and br 
■uch oonfidsnoe hopHO to succeecu 
When such confidence is once gained, 
tt should be guarded with jealous care, 
the officers should watch the mem- 
i>ers» the inemben the ci&o&n^ and 
the members each other, that no in- 
fiingenent coold ,psss unobserved, 
and 1^6 hold on public confidence 
weakened. The constitution and by 
Imtmn of all oi^^iaations has fixed 
tnks to govern the members, and un- 

less these rules are strictly observed* 
each member as it were chained from 
mischief by such rules, the order must 
of necessity fail, for as one sin follows 
an other, and the sinner becomes reck- 
less, or as one drink follows another, 
and man becomes a drunkard and a 
vagabond, so one infringement on the 
rules of an order follows another till 
it becomes a dead letter, and each 
member acting upon his own account, 
the order virta ally ceases to exists pub- 
lic confidence is lost, and the order 
remains but in skeleton form. The 
constitution of our country wisely 
fixed limits to the govemmet it crea- 
ted, so the constitution of your order 
wisely fixed limits to the action of the 
order it created, and it is to be pre- 
sumed for a wise purpose. As all cit- 
izens are supposed to understand to a 
certain extent, the laws of the coun- 
try that makes them amenable if thej 
violated them, so it is presumed that 
any and all members of your order 
understand the laws of the order, and 
is amenable for any violation of them, 
if the members fail to punish such vi- 
olations, then it is of no force, is void, 
and not entitied to the general confi- 
dence of society. In aU associations, 
no doubt, are men that have joined 
for purely meroenarv motives, and will 
use the knowladge they thus ^n for 
purely selfish purposes, will in viola- 
tion of their obligations and plighted 
faith, sell their influence for a consid- 
eration, either of money or position. 
I regret to say such men have appeaif- 
ed in your order, men whose actshave 
a strong tendency to weaken not only 
public confidence, but the confidence 
of railroad offidaLs. I believe it to be 
a well established fact, that for every 
effect produced there is a cause, then 
on this rule, when we see men com- 
mitting certain or any acts, we have a 
right to seek the oause^ hmice we so 
orten hear the remark " I don*t see 
his object*" or ** I can't see what ob- 
ject he could have in doing so.*' 

Thus when we see a memberof your 
order refuse to use his influence for as 
good men and engineers as the order 
contains, but ase his efforts, even to 
misrepresentations to superior offioera 
for men not of the brotherhood, men 

Digitized by 




^mknown and recommended only by 
letters of strangers thousands of miles 
-awajy and suoh men destroy life and 
property. Then the pubUo have a 
right to censare, to withdraw their 
confidence, and friends and members 
of the order to say *' why do they so/' 
and in the absence of real facts, have 
a right to attribute such acts to the 
infiuenoe of designing men, or with 
some the stranger influence of money. 
Ck>nfidence of either the public or in- 
-diTiduals cannot be retained, unless 
the order shows sufficient vigor to 
cleanse itself from such stains on its 
honor and reputation. X 

Bbadino, Jan. 26th, 1871. 

Bbos. Wilson & Fsllows : — I am 
right glad to see you are asking Divi- 
sions to shorten their notices of pre- 
sfflktations, sermons, Ac, and especial- 
Ij the latter. Now, do not understand 
me as casting any aspersions on reli- 
4^on, or religions matters, but I do 
not think very highljr of that kind of 
religion that gets into print. The 
-JoxTBKAiiis meant to be, and should 
be, a means of disseminating useful 
knowledge appertaining to our pro- 
fession, and of discussing such mat- 
ters as may be thought beneficial to 
the Brotherhood. If it is confined to 
these purposes, a long and prosperous 
-career is before it ; but another year 
like the one just past^ and my word 
for it ''saltpetre won't save it" 

Tistrue. theJousNAii has had to 
■depend on members of the Brother- 
facKxl for nearly all the articles that 
have appeared in its columns, but that 
day has passed. It is more than self- 
aofltaining and should employ an edit- 
or whose duty would be to select suoh 
articles as are pertinent to our profes- 
sion, from the various scientific papers 
of this country and Enffland, and thus 
afford a mass of valuable reading^mat- 
test that would make the Joubnaij of 
intrinsic worth to its subscribers. 
There would be no objection to'some 
choice selections from the standard 
aathors of the present or past, to make 
the book interesting to our wives and 
children ; but let those seleotionB be 
^hoioey and not of the blood-and- 

thunder style of the Nero York Ledger 
type. Another of an Editor's duties 
might be to correct some of the po- 
etry that is offered to the Joubnal for 
publication. Some of it that has ap- 
peared, while it contained sentiments 
that were reallv beautiful, was written 
with neither rhyme nor rhythm. It 
no doubt was pleasing to the writers, 
and was kindly looked upon by a ma- 
jority of the readers, and as a gift 
offering was acceptable to the Joubnal; 
but had it passed through the hands 
of an experienced editor, would have 
been esteemed beautiful, instead of 
being treated as *' doggerel" by a por- 
tion of those who read it. 

To come back to the subject that I 
started with. It is very well for divi- 
sions to get together and attend 
Church, or for individual members 
to do so ; that is a matter foreign to 
B. B. service, and not likely to bene- 
fit a man much in getting a job if he 
can't show himself otherwise quidified 
for the position. I don't believe the 
P. & B. B. B. Co. would entrust the 
running of one of their engines to the 
Bishop of the Diocese, Brothers, let 
us keep our religious light under a 
bushel, and put forth some other good 
quality to assist us in ''combining our 
interests as Engineers and elevating 
our standing as such." 

Did I not know better, or had I to 
judge from the amount of religious^ 
matter in the Joubnaii, I should think 
the Locomotive Engineers were a most 
graceless set of men, and were just 
awakening to a sense of their condi- 
tion. The truth is, Locomotive Engin- 
eers of this conntiT (and out of it, for 
aught I know to the contrary), are as 
moral as any other class. Such being 
the case, why should we, through our 
organ, convey to the public the idea 
of a contrary condition? 

Brother Wilson, what I have writ- 
ten are my ideas, or rather the echo of 
many persons who read the Joubnal 
in this vicinity, and I give them to 
yon for just what they are worth. Of 
course they will not suit all of our 
readers— it would be queer if they did« 
Yours fraternally, 

E. J. Baugh, 
Division No. 75< 

Digitized by 





Or, Pride and Power compared with 
Humble Useftilness. 


From yonder distant mountain's side. 
Whose brow with snow perpetaal gleams. 

In mamoring cascades, side by side. 
Flowed laughing down two crystal streams. 

And as they leaped upon their way, 

Or lingered in some mossy dell. 
Or playfhl dashed in glistening spray. 

The two in oonyersation fell. 
" I would," said one, desire to gain 

The might and power that only grows 
Fram floods of oyerwhelmning rain. 

From thawing ioe and melting snows. 
And to a mighty riyer grown, 

liy billows, with resistless force, 
Should leaye in ruin overthrown 

What'er opposed my onwafd course. 

And onward rolling in my might 

Through yales—o'er plains where cities stand, 
I should o'erwhelm—engulf them quite. 

And spread destruction through the land. 

And when yon cliffs along the sea 

In horrid steeps and chasms frown, 
ThereOihould my crowning glory be 

To pour my flcods in thunder down. 
And as they fell the hills should shake 

As with an earthquake's awftil tread. 
And e'en the sea with fear should quake. 

And back its waves recoil with dread?" 
••And I would be," the other said, 

**A stream that should flow on in peace, 
By crystal springs perpetual fed. 

Which drouth shrinks not nor floods increase. 

Through sunny meads-^through smiling glades. 

Along the vales where orohards grow. 
Amid the forest's quiet shades 

X should r<uoicing onward flow. 

And still by living springs sfupplied, 

I should to broader banks expand. 
And on my bosom safe should ride 

The commerce of the- busy land. 

And on my banks should cities rise. 

Wliere wealth and beauty should abide. 
And church spires pointing to the skies, 

Te God and Heaven men's thoughts should 
And having thus, through all my road. 

From raging storms and floods kept free, 
And blest the land through which I flowed, 

My waves should calmly meet the sea." 


We are in receipt of several letters- 
that make complaints against mem- 
bers of the Brotherhood for being in- 
temperate — for spending their time in 
saloons, (some of them called Brother- 
hood saloons,) — for neglecting their 
families, and for uselessly spending 
all their means, and worst of all, mis- 
xepresenting themselves and their 
troubles, for the sake of obtaining 

It is with sorrow that we are obliged 
to refer to these complaints, bat be- 
lieving that they exist, and that they 
are a disgrace to every member of the 
Brotherhood, I feel compelled to 
call the attention of every Division to 
this subject, and to counsel them to 
take such means as will eflfectually and 
forever rid our organization of all 
such members as have no regard for 
themselves, their families, or the 

I am well aware that it is a very un- 
pleasant duty for one Brother to 
make a complaint against another, but 
a little reflection will convince any 
fair minded Brother that he does not 
perform his duty to himself, to his 
Division, or to the Brotherhood at 
large, unless he insists that every law 
or riUe made for the welfare of the 
members, and the government of the 
Divisions, shall be strictly carried 

That an intemperate member can 
be allowed to remain a member of any 
Division, is beyond my comprehen- 
sion. Unless he will abandon his ruin- 
ous habits and become a sober and re- 
liable man, he is not entitled to your 
support, and should be expelled at 

The idea that we should make lawa 
forbiding our members from being i 

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any way connected with a drinking 
saloon^ and then be complained of for 
spending our time and means in each 
a saloon, is, to say the leasts the 
highth of thypocrioy. Every Divis- 
ion knows all about the habits of their 
members, and it is their bounden duty 
to see to it that no disgrace comes 
npon onr order by reason of their re- 
taining bad men. 

Some member may say that it is no 
ones business how he spends his 
money, and he does not recognise his 
Division as having any right to med- 
dle with bis private aflEairs. To snch 
members I wish to say : Yon forget 
that the main pillar on which our or- 
ganization rests, is good conduct on 
the part of all its members, and a 
strict supervision over all their habits, 
to the end that Brotherhood En- 
gineers shall be men of character, 
and reliable under all circumstances. 
I ask yon, if you spend all your earn- 
ings in dissipation and pleasure, and 
allow your family to suffer, are you a 
person that should be entrusted with 
another's business ; are you fit to fill 
the responsible position of a Locomo- 
tive Engineer ; are you any help to a 
society which bases its very existence 
upon the opposite conduct from 
which you persue. I think your an- 
swers will all agree with mine. You 
know to well that your conduct is un- 
worthy of any man that aspires to the 
name of Brother, 

There is no stopping place to the 
denunciations that should be uttered 
against all the complaints enumerated 
in this communication, but we hope 
oar Brothers will stop and consider 
what they are doing, and resolve that 
henceforth no complaint shall be 
laade on their account* 

If our Brothers could only be made 
to fully realize the position they might 
hold in the estimation of all classes of 
the people, I feel sure that we should 
never have another complaint against 
them. It cannot be that a man is so 
lost to all good impulses as to disre- 
gard everything that tends to his 

Have we one Brother that will heed- 
lessly give the opportunity to have it 
said, when he dies, and leaves his 
family destitute, — "He spent all hia 
means foolishly, and I cannot give 
anything to help his family. He had 
a better opportunity to save money 
than I have, but it all went for pleas- 
ure.*' Oh, my Brothers, I beseech 
you to so live that you will feel, when 
misfortune overtakes you, or your 
family, that you have loving Brothers 
who will feel it a pleasure to contrib- 
ute of their means to assist a worthy - 
Brother or his family. Above all, you 
should so live that no disgrace can 
possibly befall the Brotherhood on 
your account. 

Let us all stop and calmly consider 
this whole subject, and either resolve 
to live up to all the rules and require- 
ments of our order, and conduct our- 
selves like men who practice what they 
preach, and demonstrate by a daily^ 
life and conversation, that we are in 
earnest in all our professions, or dis- 
solve our Brotherhood, and thereby* 
disappoint the fondest hopes of 
all our friends, and relinquish that 
which has cost years of labor and a 
large sum of money to establish. No- 
organization ever had brighter pros- 
pects since the world began ; none- 
ever attained the influence the Broth* 
erhoed has in so short a period of 
tinie ; none can ever attain to greater 
eminence and usefallness. Shall we 

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gaffer it to be disfcroyed by a few 
worthless men ? 

Brothers, it is for you to determine 
the question . You all share the odium 
of retaining bad men, and it is to you 
we look, as guardians of your own 
households ; it is your duty to see the 
name of the Brotherhood of Locomo- 
tive Engineers kept untarnished, and 
transmitted to those that come after 
ns, as the proudest earthly legacy that 
was ever bequeathed by man. 

Chablbs Wilson, G. 0. E. 


Let others write of battles fooffht 

On bloody, ghastly fields, 
Where honor nvets the man who wins 

And death the man who yieldc : 
But I will write of him who fights 

And Tanquishes his sins. 
Who struggles on through weary years 

Agiunst himself and ^ins. 

He is a hero staunch and brare 

Who fights an unseen foe. 
And puts at last beneath hit feet 

His passions base and low. 
And stands erect in manhood s might, 

Undaunted, undismayed, 
BraTer than he who wields the sword 

In foray or in raid. 

It calls for someUiing more than brawn. 

Or muscle to o'eroome 
An enemy who maroheth not 

With banner, plume and drum, 
A foe forever lurking nigh. 

With silent, stealthy tread. 
Forever near your board by day. 

At night beside your bed. 

All honor, then, to that brave heart. 

Though poor or rich he be. 
Who struggles with the baser partr- 

Who conquers and is free. 
He may not wear a hero's crown. 

Or fill a hero's grave. 
But truth will place his name among 

The bravest of the brave. R. P. 

NonoE. — ^In part of our March edi- 
tion, the number of Division from 
T^hich Isaac Belong was expelled, reads 
No. 40, should be No. 90. 

NoTiOB. — Any information giving the 
present residence of Joseph Hoffman, 
who was employed as a fireman on N. 
Y. 0. B. B. np to June last, will be 
thankfully received at this office. 

Jaokson, Tenn., 
Feb. 15, 1871. 
Messrs. Wilson <& Fdlows: 

Bbothebs: — You will be, no doubt, 
somewhat surprised to see a communi- 
cation from Division 93, but being at 
home, awaiting my time or turn to go 
out, I have concluded to write a few 
lines for our very acceptable little 
monthly companion, of a great many 
of our Brother Engineers. Whether 
acceptable for publication or not, I 
leave that to your own good judge- 
ment, leaving you at liberty, and will 
be much obbged for any corrections 
that you may make. I do not profess 
to be a gifted public writer, but just 
such as my judgment and experience 
in life may dictate. The subject I 
propose, being one I have often seen 
J^Dgineers older than myself throwing 
themselves away in one respect when 
a little quiet thought on the other 
band would be a great lightening of 
the great cares and responsibihties 
restinp^ upon them. 

Patience. lam aware before I in- 
troduce it, that Our Father who «rt 
in Heaven, did not form the creation 
of men, (frail beings at best), did not 
create every one alike, endow them 
with the same minds and disposi- 

But we are permitted to make onr 
choice, either for good or for evii« 
Why not then, my dear Brothers, 
while plodding along our earthly path, 
make the best of the time allowed as 
here ; and I know of no better way of 
obtaining that end than using patience 
in all of our works, both at home and 

While at our work, we often, in the 
performance of our daily avocations, 
get out of patience, when by just a 
moment*s thought we could keep it 
from increasing. We do not stop to 
think, but let ourselves be led on by 
the evil one until we connot give a 

Eleasant answer even to our best 
riend. If a question should be asked 
by one the probability is that it would 
answered in a cold forbidding way. 
We do not notice it while in our pet, 
but do you think your friend will ? It 
is very probable he wilL Why, it 
seems we grasp evil before gooJ. xes. 

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the next time yoa meet you speak, he 
speaks to jou, but not in that bright 
and oheerf ol way that he was wont to 

Take the subject in hand my dear 
Brother, and think it over. When 
yoa are run hard and your road or the 
road that yoa are on has not snffioient 
stoek for the press of business at the 
time, dont get out of patienoe; when 
the same company in a slack time, 
does not dock your time when you ffet 
a little longer lay oyer than is usual. 

Do not understand me to be hintinff 
in defence of railroad companies. I 
aimply mention that as an instonce 
for thought 

When, before you start on a trip, 
you picture to yourself that you have 
examined everything as cleverly as the 
human eye can penetrate, you flatter 
yourself a fine trip, you are in fine 
spirits, can joke a little with your fire* 
man or a friend; the signal is given, 
you start, give cheerful waves to the 
dear ones at home as vou pass, if it 
should be your privilectge. You have 
proceeded but a few miles, probably, 
when b^ accident, in the round house, 
some kind of dirt had gotten into one 
of the truck boxes, lou begin to 
smell burning greese. You look 
around your footboard. You see 
nothing. You look out ; you see 
smoke trailing/h>f?» your truck box. 

Then is the trying time ; dont get 
out of patience, jump down off your 
box, stamp your footboard and use 
bad words and lay it to some one 
tampering with your engine. Never 
thixuk of such a thing, but show that 
jou are a man and that you have 
patience enough left to surmount 
difficulties. You have a man on vour 
engine with you ; young or old, don't 
set such an example. It probably 
wiU be a pride to you, to think that 
man I used my influence to promote, 
and have it said to yon, that man is 
an honor to you, I saw him in trouble 
the other day, and showed that he had 
been shown a patient example, that he 
made use of that example, fixed his 
en^e the best he coald and took his 
tram on feeling just as well, if not a 
great deal better than if he had raved 
and tore like a lunatic. 

Another thing very noticible with 
Engineers, I do not dass all alike, 
some have had the experience of years 
and have learned that patience is a 
great help in time of trouble. But 
young men, when your engines are 
steaming badly, don't get out of pa- 
tience with your fireman, give him 
cross words and make him feel badly; 
he has done probaDy all that he could 
do, it is not his fault. The wood may 
be bad, you have not noticed but that 
your engine may be dirty, carrying 
water badlv; jrour stack may have toe 
many sparks m it, and numerous other 
causes X might mention. 

You start out, slip an excentrio it 
is hard to get at, your time is growing 
short and vou are getting out of pa- 
tience; wiuthat help jrou any ? ¥o, in 
that time you may bring a frown^poH 
you from your kindest and best friend^ 
who furnishes every breath you draw 
and every beating pulse that you tell. 
Do you ever think of that One while 
vou are using His name in such as 
idle and careless way, when out of pa- 
tience ? No. But when you get 
straight ? Yes. Think well how fool- 
ish I was, I might have had a little 
more patience and done the same 
work with half the number of words 
and with a great deal more satisfac- 
tion to mjself and ttiose around me. 

We will now leave the road for 
awhile. We make our trip, hard or 
soft, as it may be, we get in the round 
house, report our work. We then 
step home, we are met by the dear 
ones there; you meet them with a 
smile, give all kisses. You look 
around the yard, everything is in its 
place there as well as in the house, 
well swept and clean, the chips raked 
up, every thing in perfect neatness; 
besides all this there is a smoking 
meal on the table awaiting vour pleas- 
ure. Who now. Brothers, has had the 
patience in your absence to superin- 
tend or do all this ? Why, that kind 
and loving wife, that you who are 
married, left behind to count hours 
and even minutes of your return, be- 
sides having the patience in your ab- 
sence, to take care of the little ones, 
and at intervals when in a humor 
to take care of themselves, wash, or 

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rather sorab those greasr oreralls joa 
left at home, and aew tne|battoxis on 
that yon in your impatienoe at some 
eating house, broke off, being a little 
hard to unbutton, and yon in a great 
hurry, as men generally are when 
there is any thing to eat on hand. Why 
cant men have the patienoe of the 
gentler sex« I guess it is because 
they haye an idea that they are their 
superiors, and it makes them feel 
proud to think that they can make 
use of it. 

After you have refreshed yourself on 
the bountiful repast furnished by 
those tiny hands, rested, played with 
the little ones awhile, you start for 
the round house again, you reach it, 
you notice the work you wanted done 
has been commenced but not just as 
you would like to haye it; dont get in 
a sputter, take it cool; dont forget 
those lessons of patience learned so 
recently at your home, but be mild 
and patient; you will be bound to 
<3ome out O. K. 

With the kindest regards of Diyis- 
ion No. 93, 1 remain, 

Yours Fraternally, 

H. K. W. 


^he train was late; the engineer 

His charger urged to swifter flight; 
The sky was gemmed, the track was clear, 

And glistened in the starry light 
Upon his seat he sat and peered. 

By habit more than else I know, 
And watched the rails his charger cleared. 

As far ahead as sight could go. 

The noble engine onward sped. 

Far swifter than the tempest wind. 
And cast its red cloud orerhead. 

And left it fiiding far behind: 
And sweeping o'er the even road. 

By rock, throagh wood, o'er torrent bed. 
It drew its long and heavy load 

Of human flight with whirlwind tread. 

There is something on the track! 
Push the lever quickly bade ! 

Blow the whistle ! set the brake ! 
There's a human life at stake I 

Every rinew, tug and strain- 
Stop the engine— stop the train ! 

There's a man upon the track. 
Lying prone upon his back. 

Sleeping soundly, all unheeding 

Ftails dire upon him spee^ng; 
For his slumber it is deep ; 

'Tis ap alooholie sleep; 
Tis the chaliee charm of hell 

'Tis that kind of hateful speU 
Satan knows the use of well. 

When he wanti to steal a soul; 
And he made him slumber there 

In the ehiU of nightly air. 
Made him sleep in stupor, where 

liighty wheels would o'er him roll. 
Where the weight of thirty tons 

0,er the the road of iron runs ; 
Where, unmoved, unwarned, unshaken. 

He might never more awaken 
On the earth; 

That his wife might widowed woep 
O'er the dearth. 

O'er the misery, the woe. 
Here below, 

Oaused by suoh a sleep. 
Long and deep I 

Too late, too late, it is too late 

To check the rush of such a weight: 
Time has a more than worldly worth 

Between eternity and earth .* 
The seconds diamonds cannot buy. 

To hold alooly or slower fly, 
That this one life, however vile. 

Maybe prolonged a little while. 

Upon the engine's firont there stands 
The engineer with outstretched hands. 

And leaning o'er, he grasps at length. 
The sleeper; and with wondrous strength* 

He lifts him sheer above the track. 
He holds him up, and safely back; 

And not until the train is stopped. 
Has he his struggling burden dropped. 

Who sobered now, stands mute aside. 
Too much amased a word to s^y. 

And speechless sees his rescuer ride 
Upon his mighty steed away. 

There are some things which serve to break 

The strongest welded chains of sin. 
Melt hearts of adamant, and make 

The soul of man grow pure within; 
And every subtle will of hell. 

Each luring charm, each hateful spell 
Is broken like a horrid dream. 

When shines upon it such a gleam. 

The man is saved, and saved indeed' 
The one he loves, no more will need ; 

The hearth fire of his home is bright. 
His eye is clear, his heart is light 

And never more can tempter comet 
And curse him with the curse of rum. 

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For the JonmaL 

The Motto of the Brotherhood. 


The brook which glides by our door, 
elipping along with sweet murmurs 
through leafy woodlands and green 
meadows^ is a litUe thing now : a child 
At play npon its borders can step across 
it easily, or can dam it np and tnm it 
irom its course with a few moments 
expended from his gleeful play. But 
let the tiny stream go on ; it begins 
almost insensibly to broaden and 
deepen ; another little rill comes in to 
swell the current, and b;;^ and by 
another. It is a noble riyer now» 
gliding with stately majesty to the 
ocean. On it goes, by fair cities and 
quiet villages, bearing tall forests upon 
its banks, and carrying white sails 
upon its bosom ; it is a mighty power 
now, going to its destination with 
terrible and resistless force, jet it is 
made up of the veriest trifles in exist- 
ence, merely drops of water, shining 
on the hand for an instant, and van- 
ishing with a breath. 

Our deeds are drops of water, we 
fling them about like the spray of the 
brook, a kind word here, or an ill- 
natured one there, a favor to one, or 
a refusal of aid to another ; thus we 
let them go and pass on unheediogly, 
but they fall back into the stream 
again, and help to swell the river of 

A word of advice to one upon the 
path to temptation is a trifling affair ; 
it is easy to drop it and pass on ; it 
may do no good, but it can certainly 
do no evil, and kindly and judiciously 
given, how valuable may it become. 
It 18 not much to abstain from some 
indulgence ourselves, but if one should 
be near who may follow our example, 
it becomes of importance which way 
our inclination guide us ; perhaps it 
maj be one of weak resolution or 
timid hesrt, who thinks if his com- 
panions are not strictly temperate, it 
is not necessary that he should be so, 
and makes their lixity an excuse for 
wrong doing on his own port. 

A young lady at a social party invites 
a gentleman to drink a glass of wine 

with her; perhaps he has already 
refused, but confident of her powers 
she urges it upon him, even placing 
his unwillingness in the light of a 
rudeness to herself, he connot well 
resist, probably has not the moral 
courage necessary to do so, and he 
drains the glass. 

Perhaps he has hitherto led a tem- 
perate life ; not through any strong 
conviction, for if he had possessed that, 
her persuasion could not have turned 
him so easily ,* but now he has once 
yielded, his strength of will is weak- 
ened, and it will be more difficult to 
say no in the future. Perhaps he has 
been struggling against temptation, 
and struggGngas only those do who 
have once fallen ; it may be that the 
sight of wine aroused in him a craving 
appetite to which it was Tnm^nesg to 
yield ; her smile and pleasant invita- 
tion have set his feet in the dowu^xrard 
path, where every forward step is so 
eas^, but where upward ones are next 
to impossible. 

It is an apparent trifle that a young 
man of rather careless habits, not 
naturally wicked nor ill-tempered, but 
of a gay and lively disposition, should 
with a companion or two step into a 
saloon and drink a glass of ale, fol- 
lowed bjr one of a stronger beverage. 
Such things happen every day, and no 
one notices. 

Bat in 1866 there was executed in 
the city of New York, a young man 
who had scarcely more than attained 
his majority ; the crime which he 
expiated with his life, was the murder 
of his most intimate friend. The 
papers of the dav relate that there had 
been no quarrel between them, and 
the deed was committed in the broad 
light of day, while surrounded by 
friends and boon companions of both. 
The murderer was esteemed by his 
comrades as the prince of good fellows, 
but he could not refuse a glass of 
liquor, and when once it had mounted 
to his brain he knew nothing of his 
actions until he again became sober. 

On this fatal day, when the fumes 
of the poison he had imbibed had 
cleared away, he found 'himself the 
inmate of a prison cell. Imagine his 
horror when they told him he had 

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killed the friend with whom he had 
been laughing and chatting a few 
hours before ; he could not even 
remember that they had met during 
the day, but there was the testimony of 
the companions with whom he started 
out, and the well known fact that when 
he had been drinking, his memory 
always refused to serve him. 

And so they, led him forth to die ; to 
look his last upon the green and beau- 
tiful earth ; to feel that out in the city 
the boys he knew were going about 
just as usual ; to have a dull conscious- 
ness that henceforth, rain or sun, 
glaring day or peaceful night, would 
never greet him again, and that for 
what he called a trifle, "only a glass 
with the boys,'' he must close his 
young life upon the scaffold, and go to 
meet nis God with the stain of a mur- 
derer upon his soul. 

But' this, you say, "Is an extreme 
instance, it is not possible that any- 
thing so dreadful could ever happen 
to me, who know when I have taken 
snf&oient. " That is just the question, 
DO you know when you have had 
enough ? Can you, who pride your- 
self upon being a moderate drinker, 
recall no instances when your wsdk 
would have been a little steadier, and 
your tongue a trifle less confused, had 
you taken somewhat less ? Stronger 
brains and braver hearts than yours 
have yielded ; and when yon know 
how often the world's brightest and 
best have been ensnared by the wine- 
cup's potent spell; how often men 
whose mental powers seemed almost 
Bupernatoral, upon whose lips or 
whose pens thousands have hung 
entranced, have gone down to a drunk- 
ard's doom ; how dare you predict for 
yourself any brighter fate ? 

Of course you never go on duty 
absolutely intoxicated; but do you 
never go when, if a mishap involving 
loss of life and limb should occur, you 
could not conscientiously say *'my 
brain was clear, and my hand steady ; 
no intoxicating liquor had passed my 
lips that day ?'* Perhaps your record 
in this respect is clear ; you may con- 
fine your potaiions to times when you 
are off duty, and **a drink all round" 
can do no harm. 

But that is not sobriety, it is not 
living up to the principles of yoar 
order. What person knowing oifty 
your occupation, and seeing you enter 
a saloon, even when not on duty, 
would not mark you as a man unfit 
for his calling ? You would do so- 
yourself, were you in his place, and he 
in yours. It should be your duty to- 
bring no disgrace upon the profession 
by which you earn your daily bread, 
but rather to so conduct yourself in it 
that you shall be proud to say "I am 
a locomotive engineer," knowing that 
the craft is honored among men. 

A noble work has already been done, 
but there is more yet to do ; it is a 
great step in the right direction that 
sobriety on duty is so rigidly enforced ; 
that a glass before starting has oome 
to be a thing to be ashamed of and 
feared ; but aU the Brotherhood have 
not attained even this degree of manly 
character; if thev had, there would no 
longer be recorded against any name 
"expelled for drunkenness on duty.'' 

When you can go still further and 
feel sure that upon no one of your- 
order rests the stigma of intoxicatioD, 
at any time or in any place, when you 
know that members of your Division 
are never seen entering saloons or 
leaning over bars, then may you be 
prouder yet of your work and its 
results. Total abstinence is the only 
safety for men who like you, hold not 
only your own lives but those of many 
others in your hands. The drunkard's 
home I need not depict ; it has been 
done often by abler pens than mine ;- 
indeed the whole subject of temper- 
ance has been irom almost to dullness 
by the changes that have been rung- 
upon it, but a feeble word of enoour- 
agement may strengthen some failings 
heart, or steady some faltering foot- 
step on the upward road. 

But sobriety means something more 
than merely abstinence from intoxicat- 
ing drinks ; it means that soberness^ 
of life befitting men engaged in a 
perilous occupation. There is a 
sobriety of conversation that may welF 
be included in the list of good quali- 
ties you are striving to attain. Tlie 
man who lets his temper have full 
sway, who flies into a passion an<? 

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expresses himself in yiolent langoage 
ai small proYOoation possesses not 
sobriety. The man whose every sen- 
tence isgaxnished with an oath, -whose 
profanity is habitnal and nnoonscious 
to himself, possesses not sobriety. 

In the old High-German and atioient 
Anglo-Saxcm dialects, from which the 
wora is derived, it meant "pnre," and 
in this highest, broadest sense it is a 
noble motto. If you live in sobriety, 
yon win keep yourselves calm and 
sedate, free from passion and nndae 
excitement of any kind ; yon will keep 
clear not only from intoxicating 
liquors and profanity, but from that 
excess of zeal in politics or religion, 
in which so many indulge, and which 
will carry you beyond the bounds of 

It is fitting that you should be men 
of gravity and sedateness, viewing 
with calm reason the principles of your 
order, and the questions that may 
arise therein; never losing yourselves 
in the passion of debate, nor treating 
serious or solemn matters with levity. 
And in this broadest sense of the 
word, how noble an edifice of manly 
worth may be constructed about the 
motto whose first word is Sobriety. 
H. A. Pools. 

Springfield, Mass. 


'XiB Joct four yotn ago to-night 
Since a friend I loved so well. 

Closed hif eyes on this world of care 
In celestial realms to dwelL 

And 'thongfa the intervening years 

To me have been so blest. 
And Joined my heart in wedded love 

To the man I love the best; 

Yet oh I for a single touch of the hand. 

That vanished years ago ! 
And ob ! for a si'igle tone of that voice. 

With oadence soft and low 1 

Bat he has gone where angels dwell. 

Where years seem bat a day; 
And where the loving hand of Qod 

Has wiped his tean away. 

Tis well with him— bat oh I for me. 

Life is bat half as bright. 
Since Jesos took my father away. 

Four years ago to-night 

Perhaps his spirit speaks to mine 
The promise kindly mven— 

Ties that are sundered here by death. 
Meet and unite in heaven. 

J)9C 23* 1970. 

Ak Exoiinia's Wife. 

Chioaoo, Feb. 19, 1871. 

Editobs JoubnaIi. — '< Should Logo- 
motive Engineers be Meohanics V* 
Under the above heading I noticed an 
article in the Febmary number of the 
JouRNAii» and I am glad that our 
worthy editors have commenced to 
agitate a subject that should, and I 
have no doubt will, interest a large* 
number of the members of our Brother- 
hood, and many others who are now 
commencing their life on a railway, 
and who will in time become engineers. 
There can be, in my estimation, no real 
argument against an engineer being a 
machinist While admitting it does- 
not require any mechanical skill to run 
an engine successfully upon the road, 
and some of our best and steadiest 
men are not mechanics. Can anv one* 
be so foolish as to contend that a 
knowledge of the fitting and setting- 
up all parts of an engine, or being 
conversant with and understanding 
the philosophy of that which he runs, 
do otherwise than make him more- 
proficient in his business than he 
would be without that mechanical 
skill and knowledge which a majority 
of shop men or machinists have ? I 
do not claim that all machinists would 
make good engineers for the road 
without firing full long enough to 
lean what is necessary, viz : To carry 
water evenly, start and stop well, and 
to judge of distance and speed, up and 
down grade, and beside what is of aa 
much importance as all else, his time 
card well. Neither do all firemen 
make good engineers, and unless a 
man is naturally fitted for a locomo- 
tive engineer, whether fireman or 
machinist, he will never become a very 
successful one. 

In support of my argument, I will ask 
any fireman runner, who has taken tho 
opposite side, whether in his mind he* 
has not looked back to the days of his 
commencement, and wished that he 
had tiJcen a course through the sho^, 
and as he learns by years of ezperi- 
ence many points about his engine, 
that helps him to better perform his 
duties to his employers, and reflect 
credit upon himself, does he then 
despise the mechanical skill and 
knowledge that he has acquired ? 

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Does he not pride himself npon being 
able to set an eocentrio, disconnect so 
as to ran one side, block ap or put a 
spring in on the road, or set a valve, 
if necessary? or many other tricks 
that he has learned by many years of 
•experience on the road, — thiDgs he 
had never dreamed of when first set 
up, after perhaps three years firing, 
{which I think the general average) 
when he knew or had learned bat ver^ 
little aboat the principle or mechani- 
cal parts of a locomotive, thoagh per- 
haps (if he was blest with a good 
«n^eer) coald handle his engine and 
tram very creditably, doing a great 
deal better than any raw machinist 
oat of the shop. Bat give that shop 
hand a years' experience on the road 
firing, and none will go from the shop 
to the road anless they have a nataral 
inclination for it, or have determined 
npon it from boyhood, and conse- 
qaently have given their whole mind 
to learn the different parts and folly 
master the basiness. Then who, I 
ask the anprejadiced mind, would yoa 
ohoose as the best man, or the one yoa 
wonld have the most confidence in to 
send off a distance on a new road, for 
instance, where there was but few or 
no facilities for repairing, or seeking 
the advice of older heads should any- 
thing happen? 

I think it very evident to the mind 
of anjr engineer, fireman or machinist 
or railway official, which he would 
aelect, if a choice was to be made, and 
were it possible to educate all that 
seek to become engineers, (and many 
that are now such in practice) mechan- 
ically, it could result in nowise but 
beneficiaUy to all concerned. But as 
that has been found impossible, both 
in this country and Europe, conse- 
quent upon the great demand for men 
to operate the vast net work of rail- 
ways, spread as if by magic over the 
whole worldf and many firemen have, 
by necessity, been made engineers. 
Many of them, (they will admit,) 
before understanding but very little 
about the mechanism of their engine. 
It rests with them, whether they will 
inform themselves and become com- 
petent men, not only in handling their 
engines, but to perfect themselves in 

all that pertains to their business. 
Then let us not quarrel as to which 
makes the best men, for there are 
many good of each. But through the 
medium of our Brotherhood, help all 
to become thorough, practical engi* 

Now Messrs. Editors, I do not think 
any engineer but will admit that 
mechanical knowledge can do no harm 
in any case, and in many oases it has 
been of great service to alL The 
company who employs you, the pas- 
sengers of your train, and your own 
reputation, which is at stake in case of 
an^ break down on the road, is 
of times made or destroyed by your 
success or failure in managing your 
business. I will state why I am glad 
to see this question agitated. First, 
that it may be the cause of educating 
in our business, many who are not up 
to what should be our standard, even 
in the first principles of an engine, 
the composition and use of steam ; 
also that it may open the eyes of cor- 
porations to their own interest, so as 
to allow men to work on their engines, 
when in shop or on work that will 
learn them something, and to even 
compel young men whom they propose 
to inake engineers of, to work at least 
two years on round house, or general 
locomotive work, then fire a year or 
two, and I will guarantee a more use- 
ful class of engineers for both them- 
selves and their employers, than we 
have at present. There are many 
things to be learned about running an 
engine that machinists or firemen can 
not acquire until they are put upon 
the right hand side, and bear the 
responsibility on their own shoulders, 
when he will be compelled by circum- 
stances, to learn much that was thought 
little of, while firing or working in the 

I am much in favor of propounding 
questions to our Division, such 
as was submitted by some Eastern 
Division, I do not recollect what one 
just now, and expending something 
from our Division fund to purchase 
books, charts, models, &c., for benefit 
and instruction of our members, 
(Division 96 has all of these, though 
no carpet on the floor), and now and 

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tten give a driU on the same. I find 
there is Bomething to be learned and 
that it benefits all by creating an in* 
terest that was never before felt, and 
instmots any that will try to learn, so 
that if not having had the advantage 
of a trade, or thorough milling in ma- 
chinery, it so informs those that thev 
seed not be ashamed to speak witn 
tkeir Brother Engineers about an en- 
:gine and its intricacies. In this wav 
<»n mre do much to make np for lack 
of praotioal knowledge by perfecting 
ourselves theoretioaly, that shonld any 
thing happen to our engines on the 
road, we should know just what to do 
to remedy the trouble in the shortest 
space of time. I cannot agree with 
those who think all mechanical knowl- 
edge belongs to another department, 
and as to those master mechanics who 
think we had better let such things 
alone, I must say, that they have 
taken a very poor stand both for their 
reputation and their employers inter- 
est. It is an old and exploded idea, 
compariDg ignorant with intelligent 
labor, as to which is most profitable 
to employer or employee. They 
mighty with as good reason, say that 
the knowledge of anatomy would not 
lielp the practicical surgeon and phy- 
sician in the practice of his profession, 
and he had better let that alone; what 
'would be the opinion of the public in 
4his nineteenth century. 

To end this already too long article, 
I must add, 'tis not either the me- 
chanic or fireman that will make a 
good engineer, unless he is naturally 
adapted to it» and then to f ally learn 
and master his business, for no man 
is born with knowledge, he must ^ve 
his whole atteotion to his duties, 
being of steady habits, with a quick 
eye, a clear head and firm hand, al- 
ways ready to protect the trust com- 
mitted to his care, and thereby pro- 
mote interest in his profession. 

Hoping that our order may work to 
this end, I remain, 

Yours Fraternally, 

Qbo. G. Sikolaib. 
Div. No. 96. 

A GOOD rnle for the new year and 
throughout the year— Pay as yon go. 

EvAVsviLLB, IfTO., Feb. 5tbf '71. 

Messrs. Wilsov k Fellows /—I have 
read your Journal ever since it has been 
published, and have marked its progress 
with interest* I have often thon^t I 
would write to yon, but as I have never 
written a piece for publication, I have 
hesitated, expecting every month to 
hear from some of the s'.sters of Div* 
25; but your "Note" at the close of 
'* Warren Station's" communication so 
pleased me that f mujt thank you for 
it, also tell yen what I think on the 

I had alwavs thought the Journal 
was published for the purpose of eleva- 
ting and uniting tbs 6. of L. E., and 
not as an opportunity for the womer 
to quarrel (you know the women are 
rather noted for haying the last word). 
I therefore felt ashamed to see the laiiy 
friends of the Order "wrangle and jan- 
gle," as "Clara" and "Warren Station" 
have done. I have a husband; he is an 
engineer, a member of B. of L. £, If 
I should tell how good and kind he was, 
the critic readers would laugh and say 
within themselves, '*Now what a model 
husband, just as likely as not they quar- 
rel like cats and dogs." On the other 
hand, should he be cross, fault-findiafl:, 
use tobacco, etc , the same critics would 
says "She is cross and hateful I know; 
a man is what a woman makes him." 
So I will not say anything about his 
faults (if he has any), or his good qual- 
ities. We have a good comfortable home 
of our own and three children ; two of 
them have to be tutored once in a while, 
(not perfect), also need considerable 
urging to get their lessons sometimes ; 
and one (the baby) has the attention of 
us all, whether she needs it or not. I 
will weary your patience, I fear, telling 
of ray "household." 

I do hope the next letter from "Clara" 
and "Warren Station" will be more in- 
teresting, as you say. I would like to 
hear from them, but, my friends, delay 
this wrangling and sarcasm aside. I 
know they can write good letters if they 
try. I think if they had the text in 
their minds5 "A soft answer turneth 
away wrath ; but grievous words stir up 
anger," hard feelings on their part and 
disgust on the part of others ^wouldhave 
been done away with. 

Wishing you God speed in this your 
work, I sltu 

Yours Truly, Sub. 

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Songr of the Locamotlre. 

lam oomiog, coming, coming ; 

Hear the thunder of my tread ; 
Clear the way, nor dare confront me. 

For my mlMion is ahead. 
Onward, onward like a storm cloud. 

Turning neither left or right : 
Dan ye not to check my motion 

Dare ye not to har my flight 

In the genii in whose footprints 

Mortals read the doom of wrong ; 
In my rumbling, hear them crumbling. 

Walls that now have stood too long. 
In the swiftly speeding herald 
Of an age that's near at hand. 
When no wail of want or sorrow 

Will be heard within the land. 
I am going, going, going; 

Watch me as I thunder on 
I am rushing o'er the ashes 

Of the ages dead and gone. 
I am sweeping out the imprint 

Of the follies man has done. 
And I clear the track for Progress 

As with tempest speed I run. 

Bloomikotok, III. 

Bros. Wilsok & Fellows i — I prom- 
ised yoa some time ago that yoa snould 
hear from me again. I have not much 
to write of interest that is new. Business 
keeps good on the C. A. & St L. Road, 
and it is a rare thing for any of us to get 
leisure time enough to compose our 
minds to fit us for a correspondent. 

Div. No. 19 is in its usual good work- 
ing order, and I might say improving a 
little. You will see that we have elected 
nearly all our old officers, which goes to 
prove ttfey are our very best members, 
and that they feel a keen interest in the 
Brotherhood, yet it seems impossible to 
get up a real lively interest among our 
members; still they are all reliable men, 
are ready to come down with a rush 
when they are called for. But what we 
want is something more than what^ we 
have to make our meetings interesting. 
I think a grand lecturer for every State, 
to give lectures every night in succes- 
sion to every Division in his jurisdiction, 
until he has exoounded the whole^ work- 
ingprinciples or a locomotive engine. 

We have been talking about getting up 
a working model for practical illustration 
and explanation, and I believe every Di- 
visiom should have one, so that if we ever 
get a license law, our men will be thor- 

oughly informed W regard to steam 

If a license law would stir our brothers 
to more diligence in obtaining a knowl- 
edge of their machines, I am in favor of 
it, and it is quite plain that there is very 
many that must have some force to com- 
pel them to act, or they always will be 
just so ignorant. We have but very few- 
well educated, scientific engineers. If a 
man knew enough to carry his water and 
not burn his engine, and run until a nut 
or bolt is loose, and knows enough to 
screw it up—can pack his engine and 
show his headlight, it seems to l^ all that 
M. M.'s wish him to kuow now-a-days- 
Such a man gets ju-it as much pay as a. 
man competent of being a Master Ma- 

If you will make a stand point for a. 
man to attain in the theory of a loco- 
motive, and that he must have some ideas 
of every combined principle of his ma- 
chine, and can demonstrate these princi- 
ples and facts by actual figures, he has 
to do a great deal of thinking and care- 
ful study ; and when men will fit them- 
selves so that they can calculate an^ 
problem, if it does not do any more, it 
will make the position of an engineer 
more respected, and we shall have better 
men in thought, better men in practice, 
and better men for society. 

For these ends I believe that the 
Brotherhood should be used, and if to do 
this we have to go to a little expense, I 
believe it will pay well. '^Knowledge i& 
power." If you know of any way to set 
engineers to thinking, you will do a great 
der I of gocd. You will stop their loung- 
ing when they might improve their mii«ds 
— stop them from spending their earn- 
ings tor things which they do not need — 
stop them from taking their "nips," 
which too many do when their families 
need the money — stop them from associ- 
ating with bad company, which leads 
them to a reckless life and shameful. 
It is a fact that too many of our brothera 
imbibe too much in the social hall, keep 
bad hours at the gaming table, and bad 
associates, and neglect their business, 
their families and their professions, all 
for the want of a well-trained mind and 
thought enough not to forget their obli- 

How often I have been pained to hear 
my brothers sneered at by a foreman, 
and not without some cause. "What does 
he know about an engine? A pretty man 

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he is. He got drank the other day. A 
prcay Brotherhood man, aint he? I 
^ess it will trouble him some to keep 
5rork," etc. When will every Division 
have firmness enough to expel all such 
men? I hope it will be when Railroad 
Managers refuse to hire such men for 

I Inow of several instances where men 
have been expelled tor drunken ness, and 
got jobs on other roads where they knew 
the caase of his expalsion, both officers 
-and men. What can be done? If you 
<can telli I for one, should like to know. 

Ihope the day is not far distant when 
R. R. Co.'s will have none but moral 
men in their engine department, at 
least. How much better for the com- 
pany and community if this was so. To 
do this we must not hide the faults of 
a brother, by retaining him in the Di- 
vision without taking notice of his willful 
faults, and when he persists in them and 
is beyond control, expel him, and re- 
port the cause of his expulsion, as pro- 

You can publish from these few hints 
what you see proper. Still I feel that 
it is best to bring home some of the 
truths which we would wish otherwise. If 
soft and gentle words won't do, tell the 
unvarnished truth. 

Yours fraternally, 

A. Hopper. 

Mbmphib, Tenn., ) 
Feb. 17. 1871. ) 
Jfessrs. WUton A Fellows : 

Seeing that we have not been rep- 
reeenteof in the Joubnaii for sometime, 
and thinking perhaps some one would 
be glad to hear from ns, we will send 
this commonioation to let onr breth* 
eren know that saoh a Division has 
an existanoe and is doing good work. 

The Division consists of twenky- 
seren members, in good standing, and 
are doing what they can for the 

We have the full sympathy of all 
officers in mechanical departments of 
roads terminating here, viz : Memphis 
and Ohio, Memphis and Charleston, 
Missiasippi and Tennessee, and Mem« 
phis andliittle Bock. 

Although we have not the facilities 
for doing work that some of our 
Brethren haye, we can show up a 

good record in running department, ' 
as will be shown by reportjof perform- 
ances of some eugines on the M. and 
O. road for a period of twelve months. 
On this road from Oct. 1869, to Oct. 
1870, Engine Comet, or No. 14, a 
Boger Engine, fifteen by twenty- two 
inch cylender, five feet and six inch 
wheel, was run by Engineer D. L. 
Tuttle, forty- five thousand three hun- 
dred and sixteen miles, drawing an 
average of six coaches, including in 
that number an average of two six 
wheel trucks at a cost o! but eighteen 
and seventeen hundreth cents per 
mile, including all repairs, cost of ma* 
terial, oil, waste, wood, water, clean- 
ing, watching, and engineer and fire- 
man's wages. 

Considering that Mr. Tuttle is a 
young man of no more than four or 
five years experience, running over a 
road without ballast of any kind and 
composed of grades from one to three 
miles long, and ranging as high as 
fifty-two feet to the mile, we think he 
deserves great credit for the work he 
did, and besides, his engine is stiU in 
condition to do the same work again. 
She has not had a thorough overhaul- 
ing for over four years and has been 
constantly on the road. 

The machinery of the M. and O. 
road is superintended by James Long, 
a very excellent man, and witii what 
facilities he has is fast becoming as 
complete as possible. 

A premium was offered by some 

Sarties to be awarded in the city of 
[emphis, Tenn., to the closest run- 
ner, whidi was won by Mr. Tuttle, on 
his engine Comet, or 19o. 14, which 
has not been received by him yet 
This should not be neglected, as it indll 
be taken as an act of bad faith and 
may distroy confidence, although it 
was not known bv the runners that 
they were contending for the prem- 
ium. More anon. 

Fraternally Tours, 
Meuphis Divibiok, No, 21. 

It is not until we have passed through 
the furnace that we are made to know 
how much dross was in our composition* 

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AxiiANTA, Ga. , Jan. 25th, 1871. 
Charlie WiUon, Esq., G. C. E: 

Drab Sib : — ^Your kind favor of the 
9th inst vaa handed me by Brother 
Woods on the 18th. Having received 
Charter and bundle containiog Consti- 
tution and By-Laws, I perfected my 
arrangements and started via Qa. R 
R. for "Company's Shops," N. C, at 
5.45 P. M., on the 19th, and without 
any delay or trouble of any kind, ar- 
rived at Co,*s Shops at about 2, A. M., 
on the 2l8t. Formed the acquaint- 
ance of Mr. King, the Eagineer, who 
was running the engine attached to the 
train I was on, (on the N. C. B. B.) and 
learoed from him that they had been 
looking for me for several days, and 
on our arrival at the Shops, on my re- 
quest that he should show me the ho- 
tel, he said that he <*couIdu*t do that, 
but would show me the way to quar- 
ters fully as comfortable " He led the 
way to his home, and a right nice lit- 
tle home he has, with a nice little wife 
and bright- eyed little boy to welcome 
his coming, and everything around 
him to make home desirable. I made 
his house my head -quarters during my 
stay there. I thought at first that I 
was fortunate in falling into such good 
hands, but I discovered upon foirming 
the acquaintance of the other Engi- 
neers on the N. C. B. B., that they 
were all of a hospitable disposition. 
If I had accepted one half the iavita- 
tions to dine with this one and take 
tea with that one, that I received, I 
should have been charged **extra bag- 
gage" on my return trip home. 

I formed the acquaintance of Mr. B. 
D. Wade, the M. M., presented him 
with a copy of the proceedings of the 
Nashville Convention of the (i. I. D. ; 
did not have an opportunity to discuss 
the merits of the Brotherhood with 
him, He will doubtless soon be able 
to form some idea ol its merits, how- 
ever, as there is every indication of 
there being one of the most prosper- 
ous divisions in the South located at 
Company's Shops, N. C. 

On canvassing among the Engineers 
I found there were six present at that 
time, ready and waiting to become 
members of the order. 

After a pleasant sojourn of three 

days I left Company's Shops at 12 
o'clock, M., on the 23d, and better 
than all, I left with the satisfactton 
that there were ten more added to our 
number, all good men and true. 

This, I thought, was a right grood 
start, and they already had one appli- 
cation for membership, and the men 
on the roads in connection with their 
road were making enquiries, and I 
have no doubt of a good substantial 
Division at "the Shops'' ere long. 

You may look for a club for Jonn- 
NAiiS from them soon, and also a re- 
port of their organization. 

The names of those initiated are as 
follows : 

Charles Carroll, James K. Murphy. 
John G. Brower, William B. Blake, 
J. W. Bipley, Wm. W. Pollock, Wm. 
0. Swan, S. J. Neisler, C. J. Bryan» 
P. B. EiDg— all old men on the road, 
and men of influence in the profes- 

Hoping you may hear directly from 
N. C. in a few days, I am. 
Yours Fraternally, 

Wm. G. Biohabds. 
F. A. E., Div. 69. 

Boston, Jan, 19th, 1871. 
Chas. WhiON, Esq., Cleveland, O. 

if> Dear Sir :— The history of the 
use of coal as a fuel for the locomotive 
firebox has passed through many ex- 
pensive trials, and seems quite gener- 
ally to have settled into very simple 
and practical ways for its use for 
making steam, 

I have made numerous trials and in- 
vestigations for the better combustion, 
of fuel in the fire-box of the locomo- 
tive (and for all other steam-producing 
purposes) for the past twenty-three 
years, upon the railways of the coun try. 
I find from experience, and it is now 
generally conceded, I think, that the 
fire-box alone is the true and efficient 
spot to prepare clean heat for the tube 
surfaces, so that the heat may read- 
ily be taken up by the water. These 
trials have been made in a plain, every 
day manner, with the intention of test- 
ing the practical and efficient value of 
the intense heat, away from the con- 
tact of water surfaces, so that thej use 
of fuel might be made as simple as 

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possible, and yet render asteam-pro- 
dacing heat withoat loss of efficiency. 
I find that an instant ffained for better 
mixtarey and a more thoroagh contact 
with the intense heat of the central 
portion of the fire-box, free from con- 
tact with the water surfaces, will re- 
dace the light particles of bitamen and 
smoke, drawn up and ordinarily enter- 
ing this tubes at once^ to a clean and 
steam producing heat. When the im- 
pure substances of a poor combustion 
are carried to the tubes, they become 
coated and non-conductors, especially 
when the locomotiye is at rest, or trav- 
eling moderately. When the speed 
is fast, the column of smoke and par- 
tially consumed fuel carries a body of 
hea^ which cannot escape to the 
water, as it is retained in this column. 
When a train is in motion thelofts here 
is very serious. 

Whatever tends to keep back the 
light fuel, for better combustion in 
the fire-box, will of course lessen the 
li^ from fire along the line of 
a railway, and will tend towards a re- 
lief to Uie exhaust and back pressure 
of the cylinder, and a consequent in- 
crease of efficient power for useful 

Fad in a partial state of combustion 
is in poor condition to come in con- 
tact with wa*er surfaces — the water 
legs of the fire-box are of necessity in 
the construction of the locomotive, and 
therefore the necessity of concentrat- 
ing the products of a poor combus- 
tion in the central portion of the fire- 
box where the heat is sufficient to melt 

As I think you are somewhat aware, 
1 have studied this subject for a good 
maay years, and I find more room for 
Btady and experiment every day, and 
the necessity for a more efficient ap- 
plication of the fael for generating 

The production of steam from a giv- 
en quantity of coal and water, at a pres- 
sure of 100 lbs. per square inch, is not 
vhat it should be in the fire-box of the 

I hope to have more to say upon this 
subject hereafter. 

Yours truly, 


Confession of Aloohol. 


Come Alcohol, oome answer me. 
The question I shall pat to thee. 

What is thy age, what is thy aim 
What is thy trade what is thy name? 

Hy age it is a thousand yean. 
My aim is to fill the earth with tears. 

My trade is to kill and make ezpense. 
My name it is interperanoo. 

Long hare I ruled upon the earth 
To erery crime I'to given birth. 

I am partner to all grief and woe. 
And spread distress where'er Ifgo. 

My dwelling place is at the bar 
My customers are near and fkr, 

I fill their head I drain their purse 
And turn their blessing to a curse. 

My fkoe is oorered with a mask 

My hiding place is in a cask. 
My business is to gender strife. 

And put asunder man and wife. 

I risit grog shops all around 

Where Satan is I am always found, 
I am his servant day and night 

His service is my chief delight 
He is my captain and my guide 

I always stand close by his side, 
Tve killed more men upon my word 

Than &mine» pestilence, and sword • 
With my deceitful flattering tongue 

I draw to me both old and young. 
And when I get them in my snare 

I chain them fast and keep them there. 
But temperance men I mostly dread 

For they are trying to ruin my trade. 
And if their eause should ftirther go 

It will prove my final overthrow. 

Thus Alcohol disclosed to me. 

His character and destiny. 
Although a liar fh>m hi? youth 

He has once blundered into the truth 
Now temperance men be wide awake 

The foe begins to fear and quake. 
Stand to your post go hand in hand 

And drive this monster out of our land. 

A young lady explained to a gentle- 
man the other day, the distinction be- 
tween printing and publishing, and at 
the conclusion of her remarks, by vay 
of illustration, she said : "You may 
print a kiss on my cheek, but you must 
not publish it." 

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Cmnton, Iowa, ) 
February 13, 1871. f 

Messrs, Wilson <ft Fellows : 

Deab Sirs— Will you be so kind as 
to give a little comer of your Talaable 
JouBMAL to one who is not an engineer, 
bnt one who has been associated with 
them more or less for the last fifteen 
years, in the capacity of Gondactor, 
and I am also a subscriber and reader 
of the JouBNAii, and I am pleased rerj 
much with the many well written arti- 
cles contained therein. 

And now a few words in regard to 
our railroad locomotive engineers. 
How often do we hear the remark, 
^'Oh, nobody but a greasy engineer," 
and that perhaps bv a person who has 
just stepped from the train, and that 
greasy engineer, probably the very 
one who stood at his dangerous post 
bringing that train and all its valuable 
freight of human souls to its destina- 
tion in safety, and yet how little is 
thought of the great responsibility 
entrusted to this particular class of 
men. Yes, he stands at his post 
through snow and hail, fog or rain, 
ever looking ahead for the safetv of 
that load of precious freight, and how 
little that great responsibility is appre- 
ciated. But I may become tedious, 
and in conclusion will s^ to the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers 
and as a fellow traveler with them 
through this unfriendly world, let me 
exhort you one and all, stick to your 
motto, "Sobriety, Truth, Justice and 
Morality," and ma^ an allwise Provi- 
dence guide you on in ^our good work, 
and with my best wishes for your 
future welfare, and that of your 
organization, I am 

Truly yours, 

"T. H. G." 

A good story is told of a railway 
station agent in New Hampshire, who, 
upon being reprimanded for allowing 
a oar to be so heavily loaded that it 
broke down, replied, "Mr. — , what 
do you expect a man to know for 
twenty dollars per month ?" 

Tlie Saow. 

The silrery anow ! the silvery snow I 
Like A glory it falls on the fielcb below ; 

And spangle the river and fount as they flow* 
Ohl who has not loved the bright. beaatiM 

Like a fairy growth of some magical sphere. 
The trees with their diamond branches appear; 

While flotl as music* and wild, as white. 
It glitters and floats in the pale moonlight 

Like spirits thaf use from the dust of time. 
To live in a purer and holier clime; 
But oh ! like the m^inv fair hopes of our years, 
It gutters awhile— and then, meitsinto tears. 
Fort Watkic. Ind.. Fkb. 7th, 187L 


The importance of this article, as 
contributing to the success of modem 
printing, appears to have been very 
generally overlooked, it will however 
be apparent^ on a comparison of it 
with the various substances which 
from time to time supplied its place. 
In the infancy of society, the material 
employed to receive writing and other 
signs, were stone, wood, the bark of 
trees, shoulder bones of animals, 
skins, etc. The Decalogue was on 
stone, (Exodus 31st and 18} as were 
also the earliest records of the Greeks 
and Romans, the ablest literal insorip- 
tion known being that of the Sygeian 
Marble, in the British Museum, is on 
atone; wood seems to have followed, for 
wooden tablets, at first plain, afterward 
coated with wax of various colors, was 
in ordinary use amongst the Romans, 
before the days of Homer ; it is also 
mentioned in that capacity in Holy 
Writ— Habak 2d and 2, and Isa. 30th 
and 8. 

The Hebrew copy of St Matthew, 
found in the tomb of the Apostle Bur- 
nabaa, was on wood. Bark seems to 
have followed wood, skins, and leavea 
of trees being all in use about the same 
time, the ancient judges of Syraoose 
wrote the names of those whom their 
sent into banishment upon the leaves 
of olive trees, and the sentence was 
termed Petalism from Petalon a leaf. 
Next to writing on leaves, they wrote 
on sheets of lead wherein the letters 
were deeply engraven, being a kind of 
printing; before printing the lead be* 
in^ folded in the form of a book; to 
this we might refer the words of 

Digitized by 




-Job, an aaihor allowed contemporary 
vrifh, if not saperior to Mosee himself : 
••Oh that my words were now written. 
Oh that they were printed in a book.'* 
-Job, 19th 23rd and 24th. The ancient 
Egyptians seem to be the first who in- 
•vented paper, which they called Pa- 
gyrus, whence the word paper; as in 
Bybloe or Byblos originated the word 
Bible, or Book, and the inner bark of 
trees called Liber, whence the Latin 
oiame Liber^ a Book* 

The place moAt famous for the manu- 
facture of Papyrus was Alexandria, the 
Moors as might be expected, intro- 
4iuo6d it into Spain about the year 1050. 
The first paper mill in England was 
•erected by a Mr. John Tait, in the 
leign of Henrr VII, and was granted 
a patent for the same by that Mon- 
«reh« After that event paper came 
slowly into general use and has done 
more for the ciyilization of the world 
than any other article of human in- 
dention. Yours Fraternally, 
^. A- Stswabt, 
Div. 88, NoBTH PitATiB, Neb. 

Death at Wappinger Creek* 

BT J. B. svnrrr. 

Sire miitatM Ute from the city starting, 
7h« **Seocmd Pact fie" went rambling out, 
^^d over now, were the words of parting. 
And hashed each whisper of hope or doubt 
The worn and the weary were soon in slumber— 
The say were chatting the miles away :~ 
None dreamed how many among their number 
Woold lie in death ere the dawn of day. 

Sereoteen minutes at Fishkill late. 
Brooded no wrong to the Engineer, 
Thoagfa IF he had run at a swifter rate. 
This fltoiy might nerer have been told here; 
Fer fhmt tcaia of oil on the other traek 
WooM then have safely been lea behind,— 
< But •'lit" are shrouds, when we bring them back 
To eorar the absence of prophet mfaid,) 

Where 'neath its plating of ice and snows, 

W^»pinger into the Hndson flows. 

Over the bridge, at a fbarfnl rate 

Swapi the can ct a heavy frdght ; 

An azia suddenly snapped in twain. 

And from the rapidly moving train, 

A car of oO with a fHghtfhl bound 

&ot ow the twin traek, half way 'rennd, I 

And lay, while oloaa, at its wonted speed, 

Doa Simmons came on his fiery steed : 
Little he thought of impending harm- 
Came no signal to give alarm. 
Until too hfcte, and then with a dash. 
And fearfVil roar, and thunder crash. 
Bight into the mass with its fiery breath. 
The engine lighted a pyre of death, 

Suddenly up for a hundred ftet. 

Flashed a terrible fiery sheet. 

And twenty fathoms to either side. 

The withering flames flew fu and wide. 

And soorohed what the waters, so freesing oold, 

C6nld not in their pitiless fbtters hoM. 

Many were saved, and many were not— 
Many will live, and many will die;*- 
Some who perished will be forgot. 
While they under the water lie. 
But there is one we will not forgot. 
For nobler spirit was never Imet, 
Or one from duty less tuned by fear, 
Than Bdward Simmons, the Engineer. 
His fireman shouted, as out he sprang. 
To Simmons, to follow ; but all in vain ; 
His last words dear as a trampet rang, 
'Mid the scorching flames. "I will follow mx 

Charred, and mangled, and burnt to coal. 

One by one have filled up the roll 

Of those who sleep, whose souls are hurled 

All unwarned to the spirit world. 

Twenty homes, as we too well know. 

Are shadowed o'er with a cloud of woe; 

And how many hearts are yet to ache. 

And how many eyes are yet to weep. 

And how many hopes will yet forsake 

2» hoMts of those whom the bright things keep 

We never will know till the names are read. 

As the tide surrenders its capUve dead. 


Maffnanlmoa<i Action of Mr. Wa^er 

and Mr. TlUlBgrbast— MeetLiy 

of Contactors. 

•SJJ^iWf *?^y® wcident at New Hamburgh 
with all its ghastly sights, in still fteshupon 5?e 
minds of our readers. It wiU be maS davi St 
y<»". Mon it is obliterated. To many iSeSS 
and happy fire^dee. this oalamiVbringS^wJ! 
right sorrow. Butin no case wm l£w«2l 
affliction w wdness than iS^e ^ S OondSS! 
^^}Sl^ 9-*y~^'*'»**' wh<>8?IifeTM sSrifliS 
SLteSi®^ ^^ Wsgner sleeping coach. thSwS 
?hl^** J^l^,i'» ttttfortunati inmiS. bS 
charred and distorted remains wenmaS^^ 
'«cover«d at the scene of the disito^yrSS? 
niied. Thoy were properly enaS5a"fnrSS^ 

Digitized by 




and fonrarded to his home at Tribes Hill, where 
they were properly eared for, under the direction 
of Uon. bit, Wagner, in whose employ the 
deoeased was at the time of his death. Mr. Wag- 
ner assumed charge of the body when it was 
found. On the person of the deeeawd were $140. 
This amount, he directed forwarded to the widow 
of his faithful Conductor, at Buffalo. He also 
ordered a rosewood casket, a8.a burial case for the 
deoeased, into which the Dody was placed, after 
it was properly orepared for the nave. The 
casket was one of the most beautiful and costly 
«7or manufactured. He also iasued orders for all 
the other arranirements necessary for the fUneral, 
and that the bills l»r the same be sent to him. 
The flineral of Conductor Voeburgh was an- 
nounced to take place from Tribes Hill, where 
the deceased was fh>m, and had long resided, at 
three o'clock, yeste/day. In aooordaDoe with the 
announcement, the Conducton of the Wagner 
drawing room and sleeping oars, made arrange- 
ments lor attending the tumoral in a body, as 
well as paying to the deceased such other 
marks ofrespeot as his worth was entitled. 
At a meeting of the sleeping and drawing room 
ear Conductors of the New xork Central and 
Hudson Kiver Railroad, held on the 8th of Feh- 
roary, 1871, on motion. Mr. Andrew J. Vosburgh 
of this city, was called to the chair, and Henry 
Hurra/ appointed Secretary, when the following 
was aaopted : 


In the sudden death of Peter Vooburgh, at New 
Hamburgh, on the night of the 6th inst, while 
in the fkithftil dischaige of his duty, his munr- 
eiates lost a warm friend, his employers a faith- 
Ail senrant, his family a kind husband and pro- 
tector, and the oomm unity a good citisen. 

Bemindftd of the dangers that surround each 
and all of us in the discharge of our common 
duty, we fhlly realise the painful bereavement 
bis sudden demise has created among his rela- 
tives and firienos, in this, the hour of their afflic- 
tion. « 

We sympathise deeply with the family of the 
deceased, who have lost a devoted husband and 
Hftther. We, his associates, will sadly miss his 
familiar face in our daily greetings, but his 
memory— pleasant in all the relations of life— 
ghall forever remain green. Therefore be it 

BenlvetL That we attend the fUneral in a body, 
wearing the appropriate badge of mouming. 
Also that these resolutions be engrossed, and a 
copy forwarded to the family of the deoeased. 

A. J. Vosburgh, Henry lUur, Geo. H. Campbell, 
Geo. Wagnef, Lyman Chamberlain, Henry Mur- 
ray, A. Sohaffer. L. A. Skinner, L. C. Spencer, 

The funeral obsequies of the late Peter Vos- 
burgh took place yesterday afternoon. That 
the conductors and engineers and others con- 
nected with the railroad, desirous of attending 
the fhneral at Tribes Hill,'might be enabled to do 
^0, Mr. Wagner placed at the disposal of all such, 
bis drawing room car, **City of Rome. Mr. 
Tillinghast also supplied an engine, and thus a 
special conveyance for the purpose was supplied. 
Both of these were draped in mouming by the 
employees of the road, and at 12 o'clock, yester- 
day, the ensrine and car left the depot in this city. 
At West Albany, Schenectady and Amsterdam, 
the train stopped, and took on board new sympa- 
thizers. Among those precent, were the follow- 
ing Conductors : M. L. Wagner, H. Roy, A. J. 
Vosburgh. W. B. Miller, A. Bchaffer. C. B. Lomas, 
L. Chamberlain. C. T. Newton, H- Murray, H* 
Orout, O. fl. Campbell, J. Scott H. Francisco, 
ilenry Hanson. N. Whitbeck. Also the follow- 

ing Engineers: B. F. Gates, Wm. Odell, H. 
Waten. of Buffa'jo ; E. Wemple, Bd. Chase, Frank 
bhaler, Mr. Whitbeck. Many of the wives of 
Conductors and Engineers accompanied them to 
Tribes Hill, at which place the tnun arrived 
about 2 P. M. Its solemn approach to the town 
was in keeping wth the solemnity that prevailed' 
in the village. 

The widow of the deceased had arrived tha 
night before, from Buffulo, having been forwarded 
on a special car— the Grand Rapids-^f\irnishedi» 
by Mr. Gates, of the Southern Michigan Railroad^ 
who is connected with Mr. Wagner in running 
the steeping cars on that road, and who deeply 
feU the sad loss experienced in the death of on* 
of their most valuable Conductors. She was 
accompanied by deceased's mother, brother and 

The funeral ceremony was perfbrmed at tho 
Methodist Church, Tribes HilC Rev. Mr. Jupp. 
Pastor, The church was densely crowded witK- 
relatives and sympathising friends. The casket 
containing the body, stood in the middle aisle. 
Its top was ornamented with a wreath and cross^ 
woven firomimmortels, also a silver plate, bearing 
the name of deceased, and his age, which was 
Si. The funeral sermon was very impressive 
The minister selected his text for the sermon,, 
firom the 14th chapter of Job, and was a vary 
eloonentand touching effort on the partof tba- 
divine. At the conclusion of the service, the - 
remains were escorted fh>m the oharoh to the 
graveyard— a grave having been dug Co receive it 
— and all that was left of Peter Vosbaigh was 
deposited therein, while the tears of hundreds of 
sympathising friends moistened the earth that 
covered his coffin. At the close of the ceremonies 
at the grave, those who attended finom this dty.^ 
made arrangements for their return* On their 
way down a vote of thanks was unanimously 
adopted to Messrs. Wagner and Tillinghast, for 
their magnanimous offering in placing at tbo 
disposal of the conductors and engineers, an 
engine and car to convey them to the funeral and 
back. Too much praise cannot be awarded to- 
Mr. Wagner for the noble manner in which be- 
has acted toward the remains of Mr. Vosbnnh, 
as well as towards the widow, and all who feel 
the loss of the deceased. From first to last, be 
paid all expenses attending the recovery of the 
body, its removal home, the dressing and encase- 
ment of the remains and everything pertaining 
to the flineraL His act is not only commendable 
but worthy of all praise. By it he proves the ap- 
preciation in which hf« held the man while alive» 
and now he roveres ais memory when dead.— 
Albany Paper, 


It waa with extreme sorrow that we read the 
well known name of Peter H. Vosborgli, as one- 
who kMt his lifb by the sad accident at New 

Mr, Vosburgh was fbr many years emi^eyad by 
the New York Central Railroad Company, and I 
have thought many times that I never knew a 
man that possessed moro gentlemanly manner* 
than he did. He always had a kind word fer 
everybody he met, which made him a general 
favorite with his fellow employes. It seems hard 
for one so young and fiiU of hope to be thus sud- 
denly cut down. But his afflicted rebktivea, and 
all his friends, have the great consolation of 
knowing that he waa a man in the fullen sense of 
the word. No stain rests upon his good name^ 

Digitized by 




He died in the performanoe of his duty, and he 
will be ladly misted by all that knew him. 

It is a sonroe of rratifloation to know that his 
employer, and his immediate acquaintances done 
everythint posiible to gire his remaii)S an honor- 
able bnriaL 

Oh. that we could call Peter back to llfo. We 
loved, htm as a friend, but Vectth has no respect 
of persons, and all are hastening to that univer- 
sal doom that awaits all mankind. We oan only 
offer oar sympathy and condolence to those that 
monm* and with them revere the memory of him 
we loved^ 


PHiLAOiLPinA, January, ISTl.—At a regular 
meedns of Penn. Treaty Div. No. 71, Brother- 
hood of Locomotive Kngineers, January, 1871, 
several ladies, wives of Engineers, utade their 
way into the ante-room of the Division and de- 
man led admittance, bearing with them three 
splendid cushions for the alter, one being a fine 
scarlet silk plush velvet, and the others of a fine 
material. Mrs. F. L- Morshen, wife of our worthy 
Chief, made the following remarks : 

Qentlejien of the Brotherhood: In behalf of 
these ladies and myself, wives of members of 
Penn Treatv. Division No. 71: we pre- 
ss it to yon these cushions, as a token of pure 
friendship and respect that we have for your no- 
ble Order: please accept them and our best 
wishes and mcere prayers for your prosperity and 

^is was refponded to by our worthy and es- 
tsemed P. A. fi.. Bro. D H. Fowler, saying: 

Ladies and Brothers : In behalf of Division 71, 
I find that words are inadequate for me to fully 
exprees the feeling of gratification for this warm 
evidenee of your friendship, in making us the 
recipients of these beautiful gifts, thereby evinc- 
ing yoar high appreciation of our conduct, aa 
well aa that of our noble Order. You place us 
under obligations which a mere ezprsesion of 
thanks cannot sulfieiently repay* But we accept 
of theee beaatifUl gifts and will ever cherish them 
as tokens of pure friendship. We cannot sufli- 
iciently thank you my sisters, for the efficient 
manner in which you nave gotten up these beau- 
tiful presents, and for the inteiest which is mani- 
fiested by your kindness in making these pres- 
ents, yon will accept our sincere and heartfelt 
thanks, and our fervent prayers that you and all 
theKsters of this Division may be entirely buo- 
oeasfnl in this li'e, and that you may live many 
long years and enjoy health and happiness. A 
fisw remarks respecting the object of this Order 
and I am done. In the first place, our motto is. 
Sobriety. Truth, Justice and Morality. Our 
Golden rule is to do unto others as we would 
that they should do to us; hopingthat this rule 
may be fully exemplified by alL Tuis Brother- 
hood is banded together for the purpose of ele- 
vating oar standing in society as men, and to 
promote the interest in our profession as Locomo- 
tive Engineers, for charity to one another, and 
lor the purpose of infusing the members with the 
principles of morality and temperance: and it is 
a well known fact that since the organisation of 
tills Order, intemperance has decreased to a won- 
derful extent. 

There was a general introduction to all the 
Brothers present The lady doners were Mrs. 
T. Irwin, ffn. D. Slaik, Mrs. F. L. Morshen and 
Mn. D. H. Fowler. 



December 31, 1870. j 

At a regular meeting of Hornellsville Division- 
No. 47, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
held at Engineers' Hall, December 31, 1870, the 
following preamble and resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted : . ^g^ 4 

Whkrbas, Mr. James B. Gregg. M. M. Brie • 
Railway Shops at Susqa. having as a mark of his 
esteem for us and our organization, presented us 
with a fine set of pictures for the purpose of deoo- 
rating our Hall, therefore to make our acknowl- 
edgements and to show our appreciation of bis 
splendid gift, and the expression of his senti- 
ments in regard to us and our organisation, 
accompanying the same, be it 

ReMmd^ That we tender him our most sincere - 
thanks, coupled with the earnest hope that l^e ^ 
very cordial and flriendly relations heretofore and 
mow existing, may ever be maintained between 
him and the members of this body. 

Betolwd, That a copy of these resolutions be- 
forwarded to James B. Gregg, and also published- 
in the Engineers Monthly JoumaL 
H. B LaRur, ) 
J Donovan, >• Committee. 
£. J. GiLBnT,j 

EFFmoHAM, January 1st 1871.. 

At a regular meeting of Effingham Division, 
No. 121. B. of L. £., held in their hall on the af- 
ternoon of Jan. Ist, 1871, it was unanimously re» 
solved that a vote of thanks be tendered to the 
officers and members o< Division No. 21^, B. of L. 
K fbr the many acts of kindness rendered in the 
ormnisation of Division No. 12L 

lieaolved. That we, as ofltoers and members of 
Division No. 121. B. of L, E., acoept the photo- 
graph of Mr. Thos Rogers, surrounded by a croup 
of the different styles of Roger engines, and that 
the beautifully framed gift be hung in a oonspio^ 
nous plaoe in our halL 

Raolved^ That a oopy of these resolutions be 
published in the Bmouvhrs' Monthly Journal, 
and a eopy of the same be presented to Divisioih 
No. 25, with the seal of this Division attached. 

jAfi.H.HlVIT, ) 

Wm. H. STBPHKirs. > Committee 
Al. F. Eahks, J 

HuNTSViLLB, Ala., Febroary. 2nd, 1871. 

The following is the official acknowledgments 
of Division No 91, B. of L. E., for favors received 
fh>m our worthy officers. C. S. Willianu, Superin- 
tendent, and L. H. Sellers. M. M.. for fhrfiishinff 
us with a room in their depot building. 

ReKipBd^ That Division Na 91 do hereby return 
our sincere and heartfelt acknowledgments for - 
the favors received from the above named offi- 

ReiKiltfeoL That the above resolutions be pub- 
lished in the LoooiionvK Enoiskkrs' Jocbkal. 

J H. BUCKKLIW, lnrt«,-„;u^ 

J. B-Caw, • I Committee. 

B.OFR.R.C. Halu I 
Brookfibld, Mo.. Feb. 12, 71. / 
Mevtn, WUtoH dh FeUom: 

Dear Sirs:— We this day received acommuni- 
cation fh>m Brother Joseph Packard. Grand Sec- 
retary of the Brotherhood of Rail Road Conduct- 
ors, informing us of an accident to his train. He 
says his caboose was thrown f^om the track by a 
broken raiL and as he was endeavoring to get 
from the caboose to the car next to it, the coup- 
ling broke, and he was thrown to the ^und .get- 
ting his head and face out in a horrid manner. 
Also informing as that the columns of the B. of 

Digitized by 




L. E JouKXAL were open to us for vaxlooB oom- 

The fellovring resolutions were therefore adopt- 
^ : 

Re$olved, That we sympathise with Brother 
Packard in his injuries, and trust he will soon 

iiRemloed, That the thanks of this Division be 
and are hereby tendeied to Messrs. Wilson tSc Fel- 
lows for the courtesies they have extended to the 
^.members of the B. of R. R. C, in giving them a 
'ipiaoe in the eolumns of their very valuable and 
in tereeting journal . 

RetolMoL That we would like to hear flrom the 
several Sab-Divisions through the columns of the 

HesUved, That every Conductor should take Ihe 


Hetolved, i'hat Messrs. Wilson & Fellows be 
..and ara hereby requested to inserts the columns 
• of their Journal our meeting notice, 
C. N. Matnard, ^ 
Gborgi Muhroe, VCommttiee. 
M. C. Clask. ) 


At a regular meeting of Centralia Division, No. 
:24. held Saturday Evening, Jan. 21, the following 
rresoUtioBS were adopted : » . ,, . 

Whrkeas, The Grand Chief of the Universe 
^as, in his wisdom and providence, seen fit to 

gone before you. , ^ 

RaolveiU That these resolutions be published 

in the Enqineers* Journal, and a copy of the 

same be presented to Brother Avert with seal 

of Division attached. 

W. H. MrrzoAR, ) 

A. J. Van Pattkn, -Committee. 

Jno. H. Brnnbtt. } 

At a called meeting of Knoxville Division, 
No. 115, B. ef L. E.. held at their Hall Nov. loth, 

!l87e, the following preamble and resolutions 
were atopted : * , . rv. • . 

Whereas, The members of this Division are 
for the first time called to dress their Hall in 
mourning, it having been the will of Divine 
Providenee to call from our midst our beloved 
companion and Brother James B. Johnson, who 
died of pneumonia fever I^ov. 15th, 1870, 

Wrereas. We feel it a duty devolving on us to 
manifest the sorrow we feel for the loss of a 
brother, Whose memory will ever be dear to the 

^hearts ef every member of this Division, There- 
fore be it . __ , ., *. , 

RemAved, That while we monm the loss 
of so true a brother and valuable fnend to 
the B. ef L. E , we will not forget that we too 
are mortel— that these frail tenements of oars, 
possessing so much strength and vigor, may m a 
short time like his become the inmates of the 

marrow house in the city of the dead, and oar 

spirits return to the God who gave it 

RaoLvei, That by the death of Brother John- 

• foa. the Brotherhood has lost a true and valuable 

member, his associates a warm fHend and venial 
companion, the railway officials a skillful and 
trustworthy Engineer, and his bereaved fiamily 
a kind son and brother. 

Resolved^ That we condole with the relatives 
and friends of the deceased, and especially to 
the desolate mother would we extend our heart- 
felt sympathy on this mournful occasion, assur- 
ing her that he was honered and esteemed as a 
miin and a brother by his fellow Engineers. 

Retolved, That as a token of respect to the 
memory or our deceased brother, we drape our 
Hall in mourning for the 8pa<« of thirty days, 
and that each member wear the usual badge of 

Remolv^ That these resolutions be published 
in the LocoMorrva Enginbers* Monthly Jour- 
nal, and a copy be tendered the family with Di- 
vision seal attached. 

Alexander Farmer,^ 

M. J. Lkat,, VCommittee. 

Wm. M, Brown, ) 


Div. No, Amount, Div. No. Amount. 

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. 2000 

. 5950 

. 5200 

. 1 00 

. 100 

. 1 00 

. 17 00 

. 20J 


. 100 

. 200 

. 200 

. 1 00 

& Minor ..~ 

....^ 1 00 

W. G. Creamor. 

...... 1 00 

Labarae A Dutnhar 

..~. 37 50 

1 00 

J. Hays t Co.... 

1 00 

T. G. Aferriam.... 

1 00 

n. A. MoDtrosB.... 

5 ou 

Smith k Porter. 

...., 37 50 

W. G. Northrop. 

1 00 

A. W._Logan.... 

1 00 

Cms Hall 

1 00 

dTg. Nash!:;.::. 

...... 6 00 

G. T. Hoxsie ... 

1 00 

Miss H. AlTord 

. . 1 00 


2 50 

Pond A Kellom. 


a & A H. M . Bi 

- Janni 


To«s] reodpti foi 

uy, 1871........ 

...1.3812 95 

Cinh on hand Deoembei 

r 31st 


... 6.S06 75 

Interast on Deposits ~ 


.. 216 25 


. tlO.334 96 


The foil owiof additional sums have been re- 
ceived for special purpose since last report : 

Division, »o. 90 $15 00 

" 84 _13 00 

•• 117 4 60 ' 

'* 82 9 00 

" 65 14 25 

•* 20 «.....15 00 

" 68 10 00 

*• 85 4 ?0 

•* 97 5^00 

•* 13 „ 8^5 

" 67 ......... . 6'0» 

Total receipts COS 80^ 


Into Division No. 30— George Huff. 
Into Division No. 8*--Wm. Welsh. 
Into Division No. 15— Lewis Hogronv 
Into Division No, 37— Alex. Rawley. 
Into Division No. 1-J. W. Hewitt and? A.. P*. 
Into Division No . 91>M . E . Pond . 
Into Division No. 6— Frank Markle. 


In Division No. 65— F. C, Washburn, from Di- 
vision No, 39. 

In Division No. 77— C. H. Bullard, from Divi- 
sion No. 63. 

In Division Nr, 8<^ Isaac McKelvey ftY>m Di- 
vision No. 19. 

In Division No. 34— Andrew Blauvelt, fh)m 
Division No. 30-C. H. Bradley, from Division 
No. 66. 

In DiVftion No. 34— J.Boyer, from Division No. 

In Division No. 1— Wm.Hofford, ftY>m DivisioB 
No. 68. 

In Division No. 78— Daniel Wa^er, from Di-^ 
vision No. 82. 

In Division Na 54— John Vandyke, from Divi- - 
sionlNo. 47. 

.In Division No. 41-G. V.IPutnam. ftona Divi- 
sion Ne. 15. Mi^ 

Digitized by 





From Division No. 30— Andrew Blaurelt, to 
Join No. 31. 

From Division No. 65^. Biokinson, to loin 
No. 125, and 0. W. Bradly to join Nq. 34. 

From Division No. 6-R. D. Baldwin. Mat. 
Temple, 8. M.. Shaffer, B. W. Moray, T. Haynes, 
J. Pnmrose and T. Kieffe, to join No, 125. 

From Division No. 61— G. A. Martin, to join 
1^0 114. 

From No. 89— T, Donohuo, T. LaugWand. Ja««. 
Mathews, A. Steward, W. H. Brownlow, IL 
Branley. J. Smith. J. Slaian. M. Hulray, and P. 
Donagan, to join No* 118, and George Hopkins to 
join No. 103. 

From Division No. 28— J. S. Gibson. 

From Divisien No. 40— F. A. Hartshome, to 
join No. 8L 

From Division No. 15— G. Putnam. 

From Division No. 37— John Brioe, to join else- 

From Division No. 96— Patrick Rodgers, final. 

From Division No. 64— Chas. S. Hasen and J* 
•H. Lovqjoy, to join No. 116. 

From Division No. 106— Jordan Gray, to join 
No. 14. 

From Division No, 96-G. B. Hoson. to join 
No. 10, 


From Di virion No. 90— Isaao De Long, for 
'dmnkenness and general bad eondnet 
4Vom Division No. 6— M. W. Kelly, for dmak- 

From Division No. 44— Samuel Fergnton. Carl- 
ton S. Hig«ns and David l^oder, for non-oompU- 
anoe with Seo, 4th and 5th of Art. 5th, By Laws. 

From Division Na 42— Wm, Frasier, for nn- 
> beooming oonduet 

From Division No. 99-George W. Smith, for 
^non-payment of dues. A. J. Davis, for non- 
Itayment of dues, and for defrauding his Division 
out of tlO 00. £11 Bowling, for non-payment of 
^nes and drunkenness. 

From Division No. 61— W. A Barber, H. Wal- 
-dron, M. L. Battles and J. Thompson, for non- 
payment of dues. 

From Division No 46— A . H. Thompkins, for 

From Division No. 115 -W. P. Reams, for be- 
ing dmnk on duty. 

From Division No. 37— Lawrenoe Blrgen, for 
drunkenness and unbeooming oondnot 

From Division No. 76— John 8kntters and Ja- 
cob Daniels, for non-payment of dues. 

From Division No. 18— J. M. Smith, for non- 
payment of dues, and J. M. Brown, for drunken- 

From Division No. 91— Thomas Fitsgerald, for 
dmnkenness, and A. P. Whitaker, for non pay- 
ment of dues. 

From Division No. 41— James Meniie, Ibr burn- 
ing his engine. 

From Division Na 65— Joseph Abbey, for 
•drunkenness and neglecting his duty« 


In Dec. No. of Journal, Division, !7o. 24, is 
credited with I13,00paid on special fund, ihis 
should be Division 29. 


By request of a large number of delegates, the 
G. 0. and F. G. A. E., had a large sized photo- 
graph taken when in Nashville. There was also 
a group of all the Grand Officers taken, with ra- 
mliaon. which makes a fine pictura for our halls. 
The single pictures ara on cards. 8x10; the ^onp 
is 16x20. Divisions or members will be furnished 
ooiiiee for group, W.OO ; G . C, or P. G. A. B., 1.00 
each. We will fill all orders sent to this office. 
Brothers that can order more convenient from 
Nashville, wiU please address H. C. Sheets, Box 

Speelal Notice to Birlslons and Mem- 
bers of Dirlslott Ho. 48. 

The books of Division No. 48 havo been trans- 
ferred to Division No. 42, and all members of Di- 
vision No. 48 will be requhwl to report to Divi- 
sion No. 42, Members desiring wi thdrawal oards 
will be required to obtain a recommend from the 
Division where they are located. 

Address Bernard Smith, LocomoUve Engineer, 
Carondelet, Mo., and you will receive a prompt 

CHABLn WlLAOW, G. 0. B. 

Speelal Notices. 

We do not hold ourselves re^ponsiUe tor any 
articles ftx>m our correspondents, ana we hop« 
that none will feel aggrieved if their communi- 
cations are r^ected. We are acting for the iQDod 
of the Brotherhood and have no personal aims 
to promote. All communications should be ac- 
companied with the postoffioe address in full of 
the writer, but the real signature need not ap- • 
pear in the Journal if so desired. All commni- 
cations of this diaracter will receive prompt at- 
tention and a reply will be returued if rsleoted. 

To our lady friends who take an interest in the 
JouavAL. we are enabled through the generosity 
of Mr. W. G. Wilson, President of the Wilson 
Sewing Machine Co., to offer as a prise a first 
class Buckeye Sewing Machine, valued at I20.OO 
for each list of fifty subscribers, or a first dast 
Wilson Improved Shuttle Sewing Machine, val- 
ued at 140.00 for each list of one hundred subscri- 
bers, obtained outside the order. 

To all our lady friends that are unable to ob* 
tain lists large enough to secure the above prises, 
we will allow ten per cent drawback. The same 
offer of ten per cent drawback is made to all 
our friends that are not members of the Broth* 
erhood, who obtain lists. 

In sending subscriptions for the JoURHAVbo 
sure and write names distinct and jcive nill 
directions as to tehere and how they wish them 

Subeeribers wishing a change made in the di- 
rection of the Journal will please state where it 
was sent before. It is almost impossible to find 
the name without much waste of time, when they 
simply say, send my Jodknal to such a place, 
and not give the present address. 

Digitized by 




All orders for JocRir als to be sent by Express 
■ should fine residence, or some partioular pUce 
to hare the package left, so as not to cause any 
•delay in the delirery, or nnneceesary troable to 
the exoresB companies. 

We have plent/ of bound Jourrals. rolnmes 
IsL 2d. 3d, and 4th. which we will famuh at one 
dolhur for the year 1667, and one dollar and fifty 
cents each for the years 1868, '69, and 70, or we 
will fhmish the numbers of 1868-9, bound in one 
book for two dollars. 

We now hare a blank form of receipt book to 
be nsed by F. A. and& A. E's. Any Div. wishing 
each book can be furnished ftom this office. 

We will undertake to furnish good reliable lo- 
Qomotive engineers to any and ah parties requir- 
iar the sendees of good men upon sending their 
crders to this offioa 

Great complaint is made that it is impossible 
to obtain replies to correspondents between some 
of the Sub-Divisions. We hope some brother wi II 
be nieeted in each Division, whoee special duty 
■t shall be to answer all correspondence prompt- 
If. And it is very important that each Division 
fhoidd have a particular Post Office address that 
can iMTCadied at any time, without a possibility 
of failore. The Division address should in all 
cans Appear in tbe meeting notices, in the Jour- 

It if much the jnfed. and cheap^ way to send 
or drafts* * 

- ./by Pom Office orden or drafts* In most 
^Imsb a dnlt can be obtained of the banks >r«; 
and BO obanes are made here for payment 
^BrsthefBeaUiiur will find our office readily by 
^mtowing the walk hi rear of depot , up Bank St, 
opposite rear of WeddeU JStntm, then turn to the 
M on to f)rankfbrt St when the signs of Meeen. 
JYenns' Printing House will be visible. 
Address all correspondence : 

WiLsov A Ffllows. 
76 Frankfort St, 
Cleveland, Ohio, 

Condnctors Brotherhood. 

Railroad Condnctors throughout the Continent 
who are desirous of forming iSub-Di visions of the 
Conductors Brotherhood, to act in concert with 
those already organised* are invited to oommnni- 
eate with 

9? A^OP^^ ®- Q: Cm Martinsburg, W. Va.. 
or JOSEPH PACKABD. 6. R. S.. Amboy, 111. 

ABiBOY DIV. NO. L-Meeto Ist Sunday and 
1st Tuesday alter 3d Sunday in each month. 

J. Purinton. C. C, Amboy, fil. 
G. F. Morgan, R. 8. 

DIV, NO. 17, BROOKFIELD, MO-Meets in 
Odd Fellows' Hall every Sunday at 3 o'clock P. M* 
L. A. Howard, C. C. 
John Watson. R. S. 

Expressmen's Mutaal Life Insnranoe 

W. W. OouLD SecretaiT Division No. 10, Ameri- 
can-Merchants Union Express Co.'s Office, 108 
Bank street Cleveland, Ohio. 


Consulting and Constructing 
Civil Engineer. 

Bspeoial and practical attention given to th« 
economical application of fuel for the LOCO- 
MOTIVE, the Stationary, and the Marine En- 
gin^ etc, etc 

Address care of Boston and Lowell and Nash* 
ua Baibroad, Boston, Mass. 


THE BAILBOAD GAZETTE, publislied in Ghioago, by A. N. EeliiOgo is a 
'WeeUj Illnsttated Joomai of 24 pages, as large as those of Every Saturday* 

It contains a complete record of railroad news : — the progress of new roads, 
•elections and appointments of officers, contracts let and to be let, summaries of 
•anniial reports; illustrated descriptions of railroad improyements, articles both 
original and selected on railroad operation and civil and mechanical engineer* 
bigf and discossions of the relations of railrosd companies to the community. 

This journal is prepared especially for stockholders, directors, and officers ot 
.xailroada, and all railroad employees. Price $4 per annum, in advance. 

A. N. KELLOGG, Publisher, 
' 110 & 112 Madison St. Chicago. 

Digitized by 








Digitized by 




.§fl A 





Si 9 

: lis 

' is 


i sslg ,s| 

I --Bag ^* 

" '22 < 





, a 




9 O 


S3 o 



^ ill i I i 

Digitized by 






Locomotive Engines and Tenders, 

Boilers and Tanks, 

•Gnr Mbtal and common Ibon Castings, Bbabs and Composition CAsriNoa. 

Locomotives and Boilers Repaired. 

Sole manofaofcaren of the •« HINKLEY PATENT BOILEB", for Locomo- 

tire and Stationary Engines. All orders will be exeonted with dispatch. 
ADAMS ATBB« Pres*i. • F. I^ BITI<I.ABD, Tr«Mi. • H. I.. I.EAOK, »m^U 





Bnilt to any gauge. 

Adapted to Lioht Bails, Shabp Cttbyes and Steep Gbades. 
If mnning in mines or through tunnels, shape conforms. 

Used by Railroad, Canal and other contractors. Coal, Ore and Lumber pro- 
tiaoers, and at Furnaces, Mills and Quarries. 


Digitized by 




• nttmtnmmitu ** 




Adapted to every variety of Railroad service, and to the economical nse of Wood 
<^oke, Bitominons and Anthracite Coal as faeL LOCOMOTIVES FOR MINES 
AND NARROW GAUGE RAILWAYS. ^U work accurately fitted to gan^ces and 
<horonf;h1y interchangeable. Plan, Materials, Workmanship, Finish and Efficiency 
folly guaranteed. 




D. W. CROSS, Pres't J. P. HOLT, Sapt. 

W. 8. DODGE, Sec'y and Treas. J. E. FRENCH, Gen'l Man'gr. 



Holt's Patent Steam Gauges^ 

For LocomotiTe and Stationary Engines, 


Water Gauges and Tett Pumps. 

All Uads of fianges Repaired on short notiee and all work Warranted. 

Works cor. Ghamplain & South water Sts., CLEVELAND. 0. 


Digitized by 


i 140 


The Brotherhood of Loco- 
motive Engineers. 

Looomotive Eagineera throughout the Conti- 
nent, who are desirous of forming Sub-Diyiaions 
of the B. of L. E., to act in oonoert with those 
already organised, are invited to communicate 
with CHASLB3 WlIJSON, G. C- E., 

76 Frankfort St, Cleyeland. Ohio. 


1 DETBjOIT» MICn. -Meets erery Friday ere. 
•t 7:30 P. M., cor. Jefferson and Woodward aves. 

H. A. CuuMiKOS, C. £., 320 Congress St, Detroit 
W. H KiWQ. F. A B., Brighton House, 


T. FAULufieB. a &, Box 168, Marshall, Mich. 
C. Smtth. F. A. B., " 123, 

3 MICHIGAN CITY, IND — Meete every Satur- 
day eve., cor. of Franklin and Michigan Sts. 

C. A. D ABB ARTS, 0. B.. Box 267, Mich City, Ind. 
J. H. Kklly, F. a. E., " 1 96 , 

5 NORWALE, 0.— MeeU 1st and 3d Saturday' 
eves, in each month, on Main St, opposite St. 
Charles Hotel. ^ 

Cbarlks SrnLK, C. B., Norwalk, Ohio. 

F. B. WooDtUFT, F. A. R, Box 1»0, Norwalk, 0. 

6 MONTANA, lA.— Meets every Saturday eve., 
at Engineers' HalL Story St 

J. K. Flint, C B., Box 80 Montana, la. 

J. H. FrraoKRALD.F. A. B., ** 196, *• " 

to whom all correspondenoe must be addressed. 

7, LAFAYBTTBL IND.— Meets every Saturday 
eve., at Beynold's Bk>ok, Main St 

T. S. IvoBASAM. a B„ Box521, Ft Wayne, loa. 
R. Spapldinq, F> A- B*, *' 36, la&yettie, Ind. 


J. P. Shbhand, C. E., Crestline, 0. 

J3._H. DoRMA W, F. A. B., Drawer 55, 

10. CHICAQO, ILL.— Meets every Saturday at 
7:30 P.M., at960State8t 
J. L. WADB. C. B., Welden Shop, Ghioico, Til. 
R. a Baowy. F. A. E., 


INDIANAPOLia IND.— \feots every Sat- 
~ " " Hall, No. 


nrday eve., east of Odd Fellows' 
Washinfrtpn St 

J. B. Whitsrtt, C. E , No. 43 Bates street 

Z. P. Kbllbb. F. a. B. , 102 Meek 

C. H. Elliib, Cor. ^=gee.. 171 Davidson " 

^ 12, FORT WAYNE, D«>.-MeeU every Satur- 
day eve., 3d floor, Baker's block, Uinton street. 
J.DwtC,a.,^ ^ ^ ^ Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Wm. B. Srome, F. A. E., Box 1.084, 
C. SwYDEB, Cor. Secretary, " 1.295. 

IS, 00!VOORD, N. H. 

R. T. Kaa.0. E;. Box 138, Na-hua« N, H. 

J. Cabticb, F. a. E., 124 Spring St, Concord, " 

' Y.— Meete every Monday eve.. 

rverNafi, Broad 

A. Sbobhakrb, C. E., Manlius. N. Y. 

M. J. Carbouu F. A. &, 66 Main St.. UUca, ** 
M.Ri:nuRD, Cor. Secretary, ** '* 

United States Railroad CondnetorB^ 
Insurance Company. 

Conductors of Railroads wishing infoimation 
of, or to become members of the United States 
Railroad Conductors' Life Insurance Company^ 
will please address E. M. Livikobtov, Secretary 
and Treasurer, Columbus, Ohio, giving their po^t 
office address, who will send documents and in- 
structiens. Jauks Marshalt^ Prest. 

E. M. Livingston Sec'y A Treas.- 

Columbus, ., 

15, BUFFALO. N Y.-Meets every Wednesdar 
eve., Daniels block, Mich, street. 

L. R. Skinkrr. C. E., Box 2791, Buffalo, N. Y^ 
A. A. CuRTia, F. A. B., 

16, GALION, O.-Meets Ist and 3d Saturday 
and 2d and 4th Friday of each month, oor. Main 
and Adams streets. 

J. C. Buix, C. E., Gallon, Ohio. 

JuD. BcLTov, F. A. B., Box 25, " ** 

17, ALLEGHENY CITY, PA.-Meets 1st and 
3d Thursday, and 2d and 4th Wednesday in eaeh^ 
month, oor. Beaver Ave. and Locust street 

M. y. MiLLRR, 0. E., No. 25 Locust St., AUft- 
gheny City, Pa. 
J. ERNirBDT, F. A. E., Bellaire. 0. 

18, ROCHESTER. N. Y.— Meets every Bftondar 
eve, oor. of State and Mumford Sts. 

Wm. Donaldson, C. E., oor Jones and Saratoga 
aves., Rochester, N. Y. 

J. Barkrr, F. a. E., 63 Frank street Roohea- 
ter. N. Y. 

Chab. Thomas, Cor. Secretary, 26 Gorham St,. 
Rochester. N. Y. 

19, BLOOMINGTON. ill.— Meets Ist and 8d* 
Saturday eves, of each month, oor. Main and 
Jefferaon Sts. 

P. KiBATtNa. 0. E., Drawer 241, Bkxmiingtoa, IlL 

a ACHBRS, F. A. E.. 

H. Sf HALU Cor. Secretary, " 

Meete every Friday, in Market St, at 7:30 P. M. 

JobnCoopbr, C. BMlock bex 3^ LottOBport^ Ind*. 

A. E. TflATcmBR. F. A. E., Box 1^ ** 
RoBBRT Johns, Cor. Sec'y, Box 351, " 

21, MEMPHIS, TENN.-Meete 2d Wednesday 
and last Thursday in each month 

B. D. Andrrson, C. B., Box 68, Memphis, Tenn.. 
J. GiBBB. F. A. i., •• ^' 

22, CAMDEN. N. J. 

J. S. PRispiN, 0. E.. Box 33, Oamden. N. J. 
J. D.Hdstok,*. A.B., 

2^ SPRmGFIBLD, ILL.— Meete every Friday - 
and Saturday latemately, west side Public Souare^ 
G. R. Hough, C. ^„ Dwr. 8258, Springfl^ IIU 
P. TEAL. F. A. E.. " ^ "^^ ^ *• 

24, CENTRALIA, ILL.- Me«te every Saturday 

eve., at 7 :30 P. M., on Locust street 
J, McFaiu C E.. R^x 101. Cenu-alia, TIL 
J. H. Brnvbtt, F. A.E. and Cor. l?eoreUnr^ 

Box lol, Centralia, IlL 

Digitized by 




25. TBRRB HAUTE, IND.-Meets every altor- 
-nate Satirday eve., from JaDoary 7th 71, at 2:30 
P. M.. ia Hall oor.Mam and 7th Sts. 

J. McKbsvrk, C B..lock box 1921 1. Haute, Ind. 

W. L. MoROAK, F. A. B.. ** 

W. R SHKBBCBya, Cor. Sec.** ** 

268BLMA, ALA.~-Meet8 Ist and Sd Saturday 
eves., of each month, at their Hall, near Shops 
«fS..R. AD. R.R. 

SL J. Danikls, C. B.. Selma, Ala. 

M. FiTZOBBALD, F. A. E., ** 

27, RACINE, WIS.— Meets every week alternate 
UTedaeBday and Thursday eves., 3d floor, Osborne 
^ Osgood's Block, South siide Court House Square. 

Jis4B Pabkbb, C. £., Box 680, Racine, Wis. 
0. Gbbb, F. A. B , 

28, DATTON.O— Meets every alternate Satur- 
•day eve., cor. of Ludlow and Sixth streets. 

7. 8. YOBQ. C. E., 10 FulReith St, Dayton, 0. 
W. li. Wbioht, F a. E.. 13 State St 

29, BROOEFIELD, MO.— Meets every Saturday 
'eve., in Roberts' Building, second floor. Main St. 

J. C. Nichols, C. B., Box 224. Brookfield, Mo, 
Wm. H Lbwis, F, a, E^ 480, 

30, PHILLIPSBUaO. N. J.— Meets 1st Friday, 
4ad 3d Saturday of each month, at B. D. R. K. 
^epot, fourth story. 

A. F. Shbdd, C. B.. Box 225, Phillipsburg. N.J. 
J. Vandkobift, F. a. E., ** 
io whom all oommunioationt must be addressed. 

3L CLEVELAND, 0— Meets 1st Saturday and 
3d Friday eves., of each month, cor. Ontario St* 
and Public Square, 

W. H. Qo88,a E.. A. A a. W. R. R ,aeveland,0. 

W. L. Nbkdhaii, F. a. E., 81 Hicks SL. West 
£ide, Cleveland, 0. 

R. A Baldwin. Cor. Secretary, CAP. R. R. 
Shops, Cleveland, 0. 

32, AURORA, ILL.— Meets let and 3d Saturdays 
^aad 2daad 4th Snndaars of each month. 

£. K. Ibbkll, C K, Box 55. Aurora, 111. 
E. H. KucHKB, F. A. E.. 

33, NASHVILLE. TENN.— Meets every Satur- 
•dajr eve., cor. Church and Cherry streets. 

Alex. McD. Tolmib, 0, K 

Address all business communications to H. C. 
■Shictz. F. a. K, and Cor. Sec'y., Lock Box 66, 
Nsshville, Tenn. 

Meets every Saturday eve., at 7H o'clock, in 
Jliner*8 Block. 

W. HZiolxb, C.E.,Lock Box 1115 Columbus.O. 

q ATWigoma, F. A. E., ** 

Meets the 1st Monday, and 2d and 3d Thursday, 
•and 4th Friday in each month, at 1 P. M., cor. 
*9tii and Madison Sts, _ 

.T4ini4 Mbhan. C E.. Covinffton, Ky. 

Fbaitk Aluhoham, F. A. E.. ''^ 

3S. ZANBSVILLE, O.-Meets every alternate 
Bdbbath. at 2 o'dookP. M.. in Druid's HaU. Main 

Qabbicl Sinrn. 0. 1L. Zaneerille. Ohio. 

JoHB FaiOKBLToir, F. A. B.. |]__ 

J7. MATTOON. ILL. -MeeU every Satordaj 
«▼•., in HineUe's Block. West Broadway. ^, 
J. D. RnnniT. 0. E.rBox 414. Ma^n. BL 

38, MARTINSBURO. W. VA.-Meet8 every 
Wednesday eve., in Boaman's Hall. Queen Su 

H. WoLLBTT C. B.. MartinsbuTf, W. \a. 
H. KiHDLB F, A, a, 

39, SEYMOUR. IND .-Meets Ist and 3d Fnday 
and 2d and 4th Saturday eves., of each month. 

L N. Apgar, C. E., Box 261, Seymour, Ind. 
F. Hbaton,P. A. B.. 

40, PORTLAND.^ ME .—Meets every other 
Thursdriy eve., commencing May 5th, 187U, at 7 :3i 
P. SL», cor. Congrees and Temple streets. 

S. J. Symonds, C E., Portland Co.'s Works, 
Portland, Me. 

Address all communications to H. B. Wing, F. 
A. £., No. 56 Clark St, PorUand, Me. 

41, ELMIRA, N. Y.-Meets let and 3d Sunday 
of each month, cor. Lake and Carroll Sts. 

Wm. O'Nbill. C. E.. Box 343, Elmira. N. Y. 
T. RcABDAN, F. A. E., Drawer 125, ** 

42, CARONDELET, MO.— Meets every Sunday 
at 1 P* M., cor. Main and Nebraska streets. 

Thomas Shba, C. E*, Carondelet, Mo. 
Bbrnard Smith, F. A. E., 

43, MEADVILLE, pa.— MeeU alternate Mon- 
day and Tuesday eves. 

P. M. ScANLOM, a E.. Box 1231, MeadviUe, Pa. 

H. J. Brown, F. A. E.. 32, 

H. D. Brown, Cor. Sec. 96, •* " 

44, ALTOONA PA.-Me9ts the 2d and but Sat- 
urday eves, of each month, in Pattens' Hall. Vir- 
ginia street. 

Robert C. Gabdnkr, C. E., Altoona, Pa. 
Wm. Stimbb, F. A. E. Box 142. *• ** 
J. F. List, Cor. Secretary, •' ** 

< I, cor. of Coats st and Penn- 


No. 412 Caven street. West 

A. E., 3319 Story street. West 

r. Secretary, 3304, Elm street. 

46, ALBANY, N. Y.-Meets every Wednesday 
eve., at 508, Broadway. 

P.J. SwARTa,C. B., 180 ainton av, Albany.N.Y. 

P. M. Abthcr, F . a. K, N. Y. d. R. R. Shop, 
West Albany, N. Y. 

^ 47, HORNELLSVILLB. N. Y.-Meets 2d Tues- 
day, 3d Thuriday A last Saturday in each month, 
cor. Main and Church sts. 
C. WiLLOB. C. E., HomellsviUe, N. T. 

R. Camkbon.F. A. E., Drawer 1, ** 
6, E . Stubdbvant. Cor. Sec, to whom all com- 
munications must be addressed. 

Wm. Wallacb. 0. E, JJox 59. E. «• Louis, lU. 
B. McDonald. F. A, k. ** .. ' ^ 

58. PITTSBURGH. PA.— Meets every Sunday 
at 2 P. M.. in Odd Fellows' Hall. Pennit, FiM 

Pr, JT. A. JS., Jreiui. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. " '^^" 

Address J. Rumbavqb, Cor. Seoretary. 43 12tli 
St., Pittaborrh, Pa. 

Digitized by 




51, PHILADELPHIA. PA.— Meets lit and 8d 
Wednesday evee, at Ameiioan Mechaniot' BaXU 
on Lombard street, near Thirteenth. 

J. D. KoGBRs, 0. E., 1706, Wiuhinffton ave., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

F. A. UiLMOBi. F. A. B., No. 14S3, Jessamine 
street, Philadelphia. Pa. 

52, BALTIMORE. MB.-Meets every Ist and 
Sd Sunday at 2 o'clock P. M. 

Wm. Koxlofs. C. B., Calvert Station. Baltimore, 

C. W. SmpuT, F. A. E., No. 41, Park Avenue. 
Baltimore, Md. 

5S, JEBSEY CITT. N. J.-Meets cor. of Wash- 
ington and Mercer sts. , on Ist Friday of each 
month, at 10 A. M., and 3d ThurMiay, at 7 P. M. 

a. Moors, C. B., Box 23d, Jersey City, N. J. 

A, JA00Bua,F, A.B., " ** " 

54, PORT JBRVIS, N. Y. Meets every Wed- 
nesday eve., cor. of Front and Sussex bts. 

J. II. CooKsoN, C. £., Box56, Port Jervis, N. Y. 
C. W. Lbokaed, F. a. E ., Box 127, " " 

55, GRAFTON, WEST VA.-MeeU every Fri- 
day and Saturday eves., alternately, at Jenkins' 
Hall, on Front street. 

Wm. Bbatt. a E.. Wheeling, Va. 

F. Sntdbs, F. a. B.. Grafton, West Va. 

56, KEOKUK, lA.— Meets the 2d and 4th Satur- 
day eves.ot each month, in Patterson's Block, 
Johnson street 

J. B. RATHBDBir j:;. Em Box 610. Keokok, la. 
Wm.W.Miik,V.A.B., " 435, '* " 

57, PROVIDENCE, R. L~MeeU 2d and 4th 
Tuesday evee.. of each month, on third floor of 
62 WeyboBset st 

L. J. Pattov, C. E.. No. 18 Common street 

B. HAi^irgTT^ F. A. B.. No. 89 Sheldon street 

68, SCRANTON, PA.— Meets Ist Saturday and 
8d Friday of each month, at No. 106 Lackawanna 

P. A. Stbuct, C, B., Lock Box 758, Soranton.Pa. 

Jab.Wat8ok.^.A.E.. " 697.. " ** 
te whom all communications must be addressed 

59. QREENBUSH.N.Y.-Meetslstand 3d Wed- 
nesdays of each month, cor. Perry and Broadway 

P. 08TRAin>CR, C. B., Greenbush, N. Y. 
Chas. Mblito, F. a. E., 

Meets 1st Saturday and 3d Friday of each month, 
at 7 P. Mm at No. 61, Brady St 

MosKS HoBBS, C. £., Davbnpobt, la. R. R. box. 

H. H. Bakkb, P. A. B.. 

J. R. Wblkihbok, Cor. See., C, R. L & P. R. R. 

61. BOerrON, mass.— Meets 1st and 8d Wed- 
nesday in each month, at No. 3 Tremont Row, 
Hall 38. 

G. H. Saxdbbsok, 0. E., 150 Albany St, Boston, 

L C. PiNOBBB, F. A. E., East Cambridffe,Ma8s., 
to whom all ootrespondenoe must be addressed. 

aGALESBURG, ILL.— Meets in Engineers' 
_ , Main St, every Saturday, at 7:30 P. M. 
Phillip Pottsr, C. E., Box 167, Galesburg, Hl.t 
N. W. BuBHESON F. A. E.. Box 85. " *» 
B. A. Rakdall, Cor. Sec., " 563, •* " 

68, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.-Meets alternate 
Friday and Saturday eves., in B. Jk A. R. B, 

G.;W. Pool, C. E . 16 Fulton St,Sprinfffi'd,Mass. 

HrvrtE. Day. F. A. B., Box 94, Ward One P. 
0., Springfiold. " 

64. WORCESTER, MASS.-Meets IsiTnewUy 
and 3d Wednesday in each month, at 7 :90 P. M,, 
c^r. Main and Mechanic Sis. 

H. W. Fknnbb, C. B., and Cor. Secretary. No. 5 
Reservoir street, Worcester. Mass. 
C. G.Davis. F.A. E., " " 

65. CHILLICOTUB. O.-Meets every SaturoUky 

P. RAifinNO. C. E ., Chillicothe, O^ 

S. B. MosHKB. F. L E., Box 71, 

66. PORTAGE CITY. Wffi! 

J. B. JoHNSOir, C. B.. box 152. Portage City,Wi5» 
G. T. Thompson, F. A. E., Box 343, ** 

67. DUNKIRK, N. Y.-Meets in the Erie RaU- 
wav Building, on Front St., every alternate Sat- 
urday eve. 

J. C. Haooktt, C. K, Box 466, Dunkirk, N. Y . 
JohnFoss. F.A. B., ** 34, *• " 

69, ATLANTA, GA.— Meets every Saturday- 
eve., at 7 :dO P. M. in Ga. R. R. Depot 

Wm. F. Woods, C. B., Ga. R. R. Shops Atlanta,. 

W. G. RjoHABOB, F. a. B.,M. Jb W. R. R^ Atian- 

Address all communications to Wm. F. Woods. 

70, TORONTO. ONT.-Meets 1st and 3d Sat- 
nrdays of each month, at 8 P. M., at 39 Kinr 
street west. 

JoHM Firld, C. E., Box 256, Toronto* Ont. 

PA«— Meets every Sunday at 2 P. M., in Temper- 
ance Hall, 546 East York St 

F. L. MxBSHON, C. E.. 643 Aromingo St, Phila- 
delphia, Pa> 

Dabtibl H. FOWT.KB, F. A. R. No. 564 Bast York 
street Philadelphia, Pa., to whom all corres- 
pondence must be addressed. 

72, AMBOY. ILL.— Meets every two weeks, 
Friday and Salurday eve altematvly. 

F. WBaooTT, C. B., box 109. Amboy. Hlinois- 

G. R. Bobbins, F.A. B., Box 1236 ** 
L R. Pattebson. Cor. Sec, " " 

73, MADISON. WIS.—Meets every Saturday 
evening cor. Capitol Park. 

C. T. Smith. C. B.. Box 80. Madison Wis. 
C MoCollum. F. a. B., Box 602 " •* 
R. Toombs, cor. Sec. 827 Claybom Et„ Milwau- 
kee Wis. 

74, HARRISBURG. PA—Meets in College 
Block. 3d St, alternate Saturday eves., and Sun- 
day afternoons. 

S. HorPMASTER, C. B., Box 160. Hairisbnrg Pa. 
J, A, Sponslkb, F. a. £., 

Digitized by 




THREADING. PA.- Meets alternate Saturday 
CT«a« and Sunday afternoons, oommenoing Octo- 
ber 2d. 1870, at 7^ Penn street 

Wm. Hartman, a E . Box 226. Reading. Pa. 

E.J.Racch,P. A.E. " '* " 

Wm.B LKiri8.Cor.Seo. " ** " 


N. a Staitlit. a E . Box 2t. Catawina, Pa. 

L. 8. WoQDBRiDQR. P. A. E . Box 63. " '* 

77. NEW HAVBJ^. CONN.-Meets Ist Monday 
and 3d Tuesday in each month. 

J. J. GucN. C. B., 17 Eld St.. New Hayen, Ct 
H. a Kkapp, F. a, E.. 46 Lyons St.. " ** 

78. LHUISVILLE. KT.-Meets every Wednes- 
day at 1 :» P. AL. N. E. oor. Iltb and Green Sts. 

J. L ItfooBK. C. £., No. 217 W. Broadway, Louis- 

J.*A. Sanfoso, p. a. E., No. 241, 12th street. 
LomsnUe, Ky. 

F. Stsbllko, Cor. Seo., No. 358, 6th St, Louis- 

79. MALONE. N. Y.-Meets every Saturia^ 

G. W. SuNDULAND. C. E.. Malone, N. Y. 
W. H. Grat. p. a. B , box 345, Malone. " 

to whom all communieations should be addressed 

». MACON. GA. 

Jakib Bookk. C R, Maoon. (H. 

B. G. Vak VALKKNBaito. p. A. E.. Maoon, Ga. 

Meets 2d and 4th Saturday eve. of each month. 

T. L. Hafib, C. B . dwr. 2313. Kan. City. Mo. 
J. G. FuBinaa, F. A. £., box 145, Wyandotte, 

82. UURICK:!VILLE. 0. -Meets every Tues- 
day eve at Red Men's Hall, on Third street _ 

W. A. Ahdmsow C. B.. UhricksviUe* 0. 

C. A. HuHT, p. A. B., Box 73, *' 

81 PACIFIC CITY. MO.-Meets in Masonie 
Hall, Ist and 3d Sundaj^ each month, at 2 P. M. 
F. Catov. 0. K, Box 27 Pacific Oity, Mo. 
J.L.PAHgH,F.A.E.. *' 

81. RUTLAJn>, TT.— Meets Ist Friday eve. at 
8 P. M., and 3d Sunday at2 P . M.. of each month, 
in Eiunneers' fiall Merohants' Exchange. 

CTS. Clapp,C. B., Bennington, Vt. 

E. L. SnAWS, F. A. K. Box 50, Rutland Vt. 

85. ST. ALBANS. VT.-Meets 1st Thuraday 
and 3d Wedneaday, in Vt. C. R B. depot, at 7 :30 
P. M 

D. kiMBiLL. C. E., Drawer 65, St Albans. Vt 
F.T.Ekwby.F^ A.E., '* 

Meets every Thursday ev& at 7 o'olook, P. M.. in 

a Halidat. C. R , Box 77, Moberly, Mo. 


W. TROY. N. Y.-Meets every 1st and 3i Wed- 
sesday. at 333 River street 
C. L. Carswbll, C. R. Whitehall. N. Y. 
JoBX R Fabrslu F. a. E.. Troy. N. Y. 

^88. GRAND ISLAND. NBB.-Meet8 every 
Sunday eve. 

W. SL DuKCAii. C. R, Omaha, Neb. 

A. F. WiLDwa. P. A. B, •• 

B. B.Wood, Cor. Sec " - 

Jno. Camdell, C. E.. Box 59, Point St Charles, 

Montreal. P. Q. 
Adolphus Davis, F. A. E., St Johns, P. Q. 

90. POTTSVILLB. PA.-Meets in the Town 
Halt on the Ist and 31 Sanday of each month. 

D. A. Lbib, C. E., Box 585. PottsviUe, Pa. 

Gbobgk J. Rbi ck. Cor. Secretary. " " 

91. HUNTSVILLE. ALA.- Meets every Satur- 
day eve., at 8 o'clock, over Shanklin <fe Co.'s store, 
Washington street. 

H. N. Burpobd. C. R. Box 51, Huntsville, Ala. 
J. H. Buckalbw, p. a. R 51. X ** •* 

92. PEORIA. ILL.— Meets Ut and 3d Saturday 
eves., of each month, cor. of Adam and Main Sts 

H. E. Srelbt. C. E.. Box 990. Peoria, 111. . 

J. H. Baxtbr. P. A. E.. Box 1341. •• ** 

E. B. MoOlim tock. Cor. Sec.. Box 1378. •« •• 

d\ JACKSON. TBNN.— Meets Ist and 3d Sat- 
urdays oi each month, in Sons Temperance HaH. 

A. CuNHiivGHAif , C- B.. Box 124, Jackson, Teon. 
H. K. WiTHRRSPOON, F. A. R, *' ** 

94. MT- SAVAGE, MD— Meets lstand3dMon> 
da^s of each month, in Odd Fellows' Hall. 
J. RiCB, C, R, Mt Savage. Md. 
J. Rbaoam, F. a. R, *' 

93. CINCINNATI, 0.— Meets Ist and 3d Satur- 
days of each month, oor. 3d and Mill Sts. 

R Wall. C. R. 23 Hannibal St. Cincinnati. 0. 

J. H. Griffith, F. A. R, 47 Bates St. Indiana- 

polls. Ind. 

96. WEST CHICAGO, ILL.-Meets every 
ThursdaJT eve at 119 Milwaukee avenue. 

G. G. ttiNCLAiB, C. E., 319 North Paulina street. 
Chicago, nt 

DTS. Murpht. F. a. E.. No. 68 North Peoria 
street. Chicago. IIU. to whom all ooireepondeno^ 
must be addressed. 

97. SOUTH BALTCMORE, MD.-Meets every 
Saturday eve., cor. Baltimore and Green streets. 

Wh. Galloway, C. R. No. 138 McHenry streets 
J. McKuRDT. P. A. R, 484 West Lambert St 
C. W. Sblbt, Cor. Secretary, 33 South RepubU- 
can street 

98. SUNBURY, PA.-Meots at 2 P. M.. Ist and. 
3d Sundiiy in each month, in Odd Fellows' Hall. 

£. B. MiTCHJiLL, C. E., Sunbury, Pa. 

E. J. ISRABL, F. A. E.. " ** 

99. WATER VALLEY. MISS. -Meets 1st and 
8d Saturday of each month, at 7 P. M. 

J. E. Bbcttor. C. E.. Box 96. Water Valley, Miss 
N. Grbbmbb. F. A, E.. 

100. WILMINQTOV, N. 0. 

R. Cartbr, C. E.. Box 245, Wilmington, N. C. 
L. B. Lyows, F. A. B . " 


L. P. KuHN.C. B..R. F, A P.R.R.Richmond,Va, 

J. O'Brikk. F. A. B.. R. & P. R. R,, ** ** 

102. AUSTIN.*MINN.-Meets every Saturday 
eve., in Odd Fellows' Halt, 
a R. Clark. C, E,. North McGregor, Iowa. 

B. N. Lbwis, p. a. R, Box 209, Austin. Minn> 

W. T,— Meets every Saturday eve, _ 

G. Khapp. C, R. Box 99, RawUngs. W. T, 
S, B. Bbookins. F. a. R, Biyan, W. T. 

Digitized by 



fLoooMorn^B knoinbers' journal. 

104, C0LU5CBI1, PA.-Moet8 every Saturday 
•#ve., next door above Columbia Bank, Locust &L 
N. GiLMAiff, C. U., Columbia, Pa, 
R. 0. Young F. A. B,, " " 
A, U, (iuiLBS, Cor. Sec ** *' 

106, NBW YORK CITY.-Meeta at 142 K 40th 
street, on Ist Wednesday at lU A. M.. 2d Wednes- 
•day at 7>^ P. M., 4th Monday at 10 A. M., of each 

N. W. HoLBROOK. C. B.. cor. 43d street and 4th 
Avenue, Harlem Bngine House. 
Jamks Baud, F. A. B, Harlem Bnyine House. 

108. BBLLOWS FALLS. VT,-Meets 1st and 3d 
Thursday in each month, cor. Bridge and Canal 
•f treets. at 8 o'clock P. M. 

A. H. KiNQSBURT. C K, Box 574. Keene. N. H. 
G. S. Blakk, F. a. B. ,Box263, Bellows Falls, Vt. 

107. ST. JOSBPfl, MO.-Meets in their HaU 
^very Saturday eve, 

David Kom amav, C. B,, H. A St Joe R. R. 
«hop6, St Jcseph, Mo. 
A. PiOKLi, fT A. B., Box 828, St Joseph, Mo. 
J. PuNSHON, Cor. Sec., Box 21, Iowa Point Kan, 

106, WINNBMUOCA. NBV.-Meets 1st Satur- 
day and 3d Friday in each month, in Bntineers' 

J. Doris, G. B,, Box 90, Winnemneea, Ner. 

L, W. PABXHUtST, F. A. E,, Box 96 " 

109, BORDBNTOWN, K. J.— Meets in Odd Fel- 
flows' Hall, Sio, 46, Prine St 

T. Bbadt, C. B., Box 147, Bordentown« N. J. 
Address J. K. Rkt.holds, F. A. B.. ** 


. lieets ftrat three Saturday nights in each month 
«t7:30 p. m-, in Pioneer HaU 7th street between 
J and K streets. 

H. L. Stbphioisoh. C. B ., and Cor. Sec SacGal . 
A. C. Waltrnspikl, F. A. B.. Lock Box No. 224. 
Sacramento. Cal. 

^ 111. PBTBRSBURGH, VA. -Meets Ut and 3d 
4Saturday eveninfs of each month, in Library 

M. J. Rrams, C. B.. 8. S . R. R.. Petersburg, Va. 

Jab. Shank s, F. A. E., *' •• 

^ 112, OTTUMWA. lA.-Meets 1st and 3d Satur- 
•day eves oi' each month, in Bngineen' Hall, near 

J. D. Cartib, C B., Ottumwa, la. 

Gkk & Brst, F. a. B., Burlin^on, la. 

J AS. Carpkntba, Cor. Sec, Box 44, Ottumwa. 

113. DBS MOINBS. I A.-Meets every Saturday 
«vc cor. Locust and 5th streets. East 

G. W. 8LADB, C. E., Box 195, Des Moines, lu 
O. W.Clark, F. A. E., *' 

114, WATERLOO. lA -Mee^s in Odd Fellows 
Vail, on Saturday and Monday eves, alternately, 
-•very two weeks. 

C. W. Baldwih. C. R. Box 1818. Waterloo. la. 
L. a Harvby. F. a. B.. B09 285. Dubuque la. 
to whom all correspondence must be addi^sed. 

116. KNOXVILLB. TENN—Meets in Engi- 
meers' Hall, Market Square, at 7 P. M., every Sat- 
urday eve. 

J7B- PiCKBire, C. B., Box 280. KnoxvUle, Tenn. 

N. LowQ, F. A. B., 

MIOU.->Meet<i in Everett's Block, Main street 
every Saturday eve. 

J.B. Bbow x. C. E., Marquette, Mieh. 

117. ERIE, PA.-Meets at 1116 State street ev- 
ery Sunday, at 1 : 30 P. M. 

C. H. Wbrks, C. E^ 51 West 11th St. Erie, Pa. 
W. H. SAjrDUBKT, F. A. E., 


W. Brownlow. C. B.. Brockville, Ont 
J. 8. Mathkrs, F. a. E., " 

119, PITCSTO^^ pa. -Meets Ist Tuesday mad 
3d Taursday eves in each month, at Bngineen' 

LuTie Wrlch. C. B.. lonk box 859. Pittston, Pa. 
H. H. Broww, F. a. B.. •* 

120, MOBILE. ALA.— Meets every Sunday, ia 
Masonic Halt ^^Thisder. Ala., at7 : 30 P. BL 

Jas. Hyndb, C B.. WhisUar. Ala. 

A. Rbtd. F. a. B.. 

nt EFFINGHAM, ILL.-Meets over Gilbert's 
Druff Store, on Jefferson Street the 1st and Srd 
Sundays of each month. 

Address all CAmmunioations to 0. T. MiLunt 
C. E., Box 31, EffinBham. IlL 

C . A. Sakbobw, F. a. B. 

122. WILKES BARRE. PA.-Meets 1st Sunday 
and 3d Tuesday of each month, in L. and S. de- 



Hendrieksbunfa. Pa, 

D. H. DoTTBBBB, C. B^ HendneksbUTVb. Pi 
M. L. TiFPAinr, F. A. B. , Sugar Notch. Pa. 

123, NEW ORLEANS. LA.— Meets 1st and 3d 
Sunday of each month in Odd Fellows' HaU. 

F. W. Fibldkr, C. B,. oor. Thalia and Howard 

J. T. RayBAU, F. A. E., 282, CaUiope St, N. . 

124, MAUCH CHUNK, PA.-MeeU every Than 
day eve in Mechanics' Hall, Race St. 

H. Brblspord. C. E., Mauoh Chunk, Pa. 

G. WlNTBRffrBBN. F. A. E.. 

125, CLINTON, IA.— Meets in Odd Fellows' 
Halt 5th avc on 2d and 4th Mondays in eaoh 

B. E. Boam, a B., Box 776, GKntoa, la. 

L. ZiBOBMPUs. F. A. B., 612 

T, a Prbhticb, Oor. Sec, '* " 

-Meets 1st and 

; P. M. 

s, Alamance Co.. 

Digitized by 



Having recently made some very important improve ments m onr Yard and 
Tank Cranes, rendering them more simple* compact, and easier operated, we 
respectfully call the attention of Railroad Managers to the same. They can be seen 
in operation on the Erie Railway, the Delaware, Lackawana k Western, the Lehigh 
Valley, the Datchess k Colnmbia and the Morris k Essex R. R's, where they have 
been thoroughly tested and their merits fully established* 

They are not affected by frost, waste no water consequently cost nothing to 
keep the tanks and tracks free from ice. The Yard Cranes are substantial and 
ornamental. Their use dispenses with the necessity of Water Tanks being close to 
the track, thus keepinic out of range of the Locomotive's sparks, buildings liable to 
take fire, also dispenses with the necessity of building Water Tanks when in reach 
of Reservoirs or Winter Works. 

As will be noticed by engravings, the fireman operates tbe Crane and supply valve from his pod- 
tioa on the Tender. There is no part of them suhieot to friction, so that there is no reaaon why the;r 
•houkl wear oot The valve being Balanced, it can be worked .with ease nnder any pressure, and is 
not liable to derangement or leakage. They are believed to be the best arrangement for the purpose 
IS yet devised. They nre the result of the labor and experience ofyears of one practically engaxed in 
this branch of the service, and confidence is entertained that investigation and further trial wiH 
develop more points of ezoellence than claimed, and their universal adoption become a necessity. 

Teatimonial from the Brotkerkood ^ Loeomodoe Engineer^ Pan.JervU, New, Tofk, 

L. Y. KETCHUM, Esq., Pkab Snt : At a meebng of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Bngineen, 
Dirision 54, held at their rooms, Wednesday evening; July 21st, 1869, it was unanimously reeolved to 
■dd their testimony in favor of your Ute improved Yard and Tank Cranes now in successftil use on 
the Srie Railway. It was the unanimous opinion and agreement of all present, that the Cranes are 
hr iuperior to anything of the kind heretofore invented or used for the purpose. That having tested 
for themselves the many advantages of these Cranes over all others known to them, they cheerftilly 
rBeoDunend their introduction ana use by all Railroad Companies, believing from experience, that 

they will do all and even more than you claim for them. . „ _ . ^„^ ^ ^ ^ ^. . , -, 

liiiL.1 J. W. WEED., C. E., J. H. OOOKSON, F. A. R, F. ABBOTT. Bx-C. R, Division 54. 

For further it^ormaiim] addrtm !<• T. KETCHUM * CO., _ 
Port Jervift, Onutffe Co., M. T. 

Digitized by 


-FOB - 

atltP»| ^ngtnmiEis ||0nAu(t0tia 


American Watch C3o., of Waltliam, 


"Auiin f atcli Co., Gresctst St, f mttitE lass." 

We are inBtraoted to repreaent this watch as by far the best fnll plate 
watch ever made, in the United States, and especiaUy adapted for Bailway 

We also desire to add that it is offered at a price which must inmre it 
a wide sale. 

Parties desiring snch a watch shonld be sore and remember the trfMie 

For all other facts address, 

General Agents, 182 Broadwaj, N. T. 

Digitized by 




ITimil. SEIiIaZSRS A CO.p 

No. lOOO Hamilton Street, 




With Ball and Socket Bearings, and Double Gone Viae Gonplings, admittiiuf 
of the easiest possible adjastment A complete assortment of PULLET and 
WHEEL PATTERNS, from which Castings or Finished Work will be famished. 
Sole manofaotorers and licensers for 





Digitized by 




Vol. 5. 

APRIL, 187 !• 

No. 4. 


Thkbb has been bo maoh written, 
and so mnoh time spent, in investiga- 
tiag the causes and resgonsibilities of 
the late accident on the Hudson Biver 
Bulroad, that there is not much 
ground left for farther theories or re- 

We propose to giro a few practical 
nggestions and ideas in regard to oar 
experience in railroading, and oar 
views of some matters connected with 
the late terrible accident. 

First, it is dae the Oompanj to saj, 
thifct they have as good a track and 
rjad-bed as can be found in tjiis coun- 
try. •: 

The iron rails have been replaced by 
the best of steel rails for nearly the 
whole TiyA\, and any competent judge 
after a olo^e inspection, will pronounce 
the Haison Biver Bailroad in excel- 
lent condition. 

As regards the oil car hayiilg a bro- 
ken shaft, my experience convinces me 
that it is beyond human power to pre- 
vent o^or new car axles from breaking 
oecasionally, I do not think it good 
policy to run an axle too long, but I 
have known many new axles to break 
that were supposed to be made of the 
twst materials. 

I have noticed that very maijf news- 
faper writers express wonder that a 
ear eould be run a long distance with 
a broken axle, without the fact being 
kaowB to an/ person on the train. 

It is generaUy supposed that a oar 
would immediately leave the track if 
an axle broke, but such is not the fact, 
The trucks are constructod in such a 
way that the shaft will be held up from 
the ground if broken, and the wheel 
on the long part of the shaft would not 
be likely to run off the track, unless 
in passing a branch or frog, thus keep- 
ing three wheels out of the four on 
the rail. The fourth wheel usually 
drops just inside the rail, the greater 
part of its weight being retained by 
the other three, or by the truck. Hun- 
dreds of trains have run many milea 
with a broken shaft, without doing the 
least dams^e, and without being no- 
ticed by a man passing over the oar 
when in motion. The only way it was 
known how far the broken car had run 
was by a slight mark made inside the 
rail where the wheel had dragged. I 
do not regard it as strange in the least, 
that the men employed on the train 
did not discover the broken axle until 
the oar was thrown from the track. 

I have known several instances 
where the conductor stopped the train 
in the daytime, on account of seeing a 
mark made by a wh1l|Bl dragging in the 
way I have explained, but he was una- 
ble to tell which oar was broken \^ its 

It is a very common practice to jack 
up a oar that has a broken shaft, a||d 
take out the wheel with the short end 
of the shaft, and then put a tie aoroM 

Digitized by 




the end of the track having the whole 
shaft, and in this way ran for miles. 

A great amount of fault has been 
found about the bell oord. It is 
enough to say that no railroad mam 
can be found that regards a bell-cord 
as a reliable danger-signal for a long 
freight train. There is so much slack 
between the oars on a long train, that 
it is impossible to keep a bell-cord 
free from tangles. It is a common oc* 
currence for a freight train to break 
apart without imparting any signal to 
the engineer. And all that can be said 
in favor of bell-cords on a freight train 
is, they are a precaution, but not a 
preventative against such accidents as 
they are intended to avoid. Thus 
much in regard to the freight train 
that caused the fatal accident. 

In regard to the passenger train, I 
infer that it is generally supposed that 
the engineer instantly reversed his en- 
gine on seeing the red light. Judging 
rom my own experience, and from the 
way I have seen many engineers man- 
age upon seeing a red light displayed 
upon the track, I do not think Sim- 
mons reversed his engine the instant 
he saw the danger-signaL The fact 
that he whistled for brakes, inclines 
me to this belief. And then in all or- 
dinary cases the engineer expects to 
see a danger-signal the prescribed dis- 
tance, by the rules of his time card, 
from the obstruction, and as I have 
already said, the usual practice by en- 
gineers, upon seeing a red light, or 
danger-signal, in the night, is to slow 
up their train, and not make extra ex- 
ertions to stop, unless there was some 
circumstance that would induce them 
to believe that they were in immediate 
danger. I have no doubt but what 
many people will say, that an engineer 
should make every exertion in his 

power to stop his train instantly on 
seeing a danger-signal in the night. 

In my opinion there should be a 
signal that would convey to the engin- 
eer intelligence of immediate danger. 
I think any person will readily under- 
stand why an engineer would be likely 
to be deceived in regard to the iminenoe 
of the danger indicated by a signal, 
that should by the rales of all Bailroad 
Companies be displayed from one- 
fourth to one half a mile from the ob- 
struction that caused the danger. ^ 

There is another reason why an en- 
gineer would not make every exertion 
to stop instantly upon seeing a danger- 
signal. If he was running a coal- 
burning engine at high speed, and 
should reverse before slacking the 
speed, it would be very likely to disable 
his engine. 

A case of this kind happened on the 
L. S. & M. S. B. B. within a few 
months, and the engine a wood-burner 
at that. A tree had blown across the 
track ; the engineer seeing it instantly 
reversed his engine, and although the 
engine was new and one of the best on 
the road, it blew both steam chests ofiT, 
and of course entirely disabled the 

Numerous instances are known where 
a cylinder head was knocked out, and 
sometimes the cylinder has been burst 
by reversing at high speed. 

On some railroads the trafSic is so 
immense, that freight trains often ob- 
stract the road, and all classes of trains 
are signalled to stop. If in all such 
cases the engineers immediately re- 
versed their engines, it would take 
more than double the motive power 
now used to run the trains. Suppose 
we are on a train with a large number 
of passengers, and it is the last night 
train over the road. After ranniug 

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to some dismal and unsettled plaoe 
on the line, a faith! ol watchman dis- 
plays the osnal danger-signal, the en- 
gineer Instantly reyerses his engine, 
and by so doing some p&rt of the ma- 
ohinery is broken so as to disable the 
engine. After stopping, we get ont 
and are informed that there is a bro- 
ken rail half a mile ahead. There 
would have been plenty of time to 
have stopped the train without doing 
any damage. Now what is the verdict 
of the passengers and of the officials 
in this case ? I fear they would say 
that the engineer got excited, was 
scared, &o. 

The usual way to signal a train to 
stop with a red light, is to swing it 
across the track. Suppose that in- 
stead of swinging across the track, a 
rule should be adopted to give the sig- 
nal in cases of immediaie danger, by an 
up and down motion, the same that is 
used on many roads to back the train. 

I cannot believe that Simmons, or 
the engineer that went down with him, 
had the least idea of the nearness ot 
the danger that awaited them. 

The fireman was no doubt so 
much excited that not much re- 
liance can be placed upon what he 
says. If he pulled the cord, as he 
states, he must have set all the br akes 

Mr. Chreamer seems to oensure the 
engineer for not setting the brak99 
himselfb I do not think he could do 
so and properly attend to his other 
duties. After Simmons reversed his 
engine, he should have opened the 
sand box, and to do this it would re- 
quire a little time. Besides, the sand 
gets packed hard in the bottom of the 
box, and the valve often has to be 
worked baok and forth to get the sand 
to ran, If we believe that Simmons 
hadbecome alarmed to that extent that 

he had resolved to do his utmost to 
stop the train, and he told the fireman 
to pull the ^'patents*' when he reversed 
his engine, we say that he did the best 
thing possible under the circumstances. 
It requires the whole attention of any 
engineer to take care of his engine 
when she is reversed, running at the 
speed the fatal train was running when 
the engineer first saw the danger-sig- 
nal, and it was very important that 
the sand-box should be opened at 

Ordinarily, with the usual distance 
to stop beyond the signal, the engin- 
eer would shut off steam and pull the 
* 'patents" himself, but with his en- 
gine reversed and sand-box open, the 
case is quite different. 

After carefully considering the wlyle 
matter, I am forced to conclude that 
had a signal been displayed that in- 
dicated immediate danger, the engin- 
eer of that fatal train could and v>otild 
have done much better as regards 
stopping his train. Yet I have no 
doubt but that he did as well as any 
other engineer under like circum- 

I think this signal matter entitled to 
the serious attention of all railroad 
officials, and the simple change sug- 
gested above, would be of vital im- 
portance in many cases. 

Hoping to hear from our Brothers 
on this "signal' 'question, I am 
Yours Fraternally, 

GhabiiBS WiLsoir, G. C. E. 

Do thou be wise: prefer the person be- 
fore money, virtue before beauty, the 
mind before the body: then thou hast a 
wife, a friend, a companion, a second 
self-— one that bears an equal share with 
thee in all thy toils and troubles. 

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DlAinond Neoklaee* 

BT O. H. B. 

In Alison's admirable History of 
Europe reterenoe is made to the story 
of the Diamond Necklace, which cre- 
ated such a sensation in the Parisian 
world, in 1786. The notoriety of the 
affair, and celebrity of the indiyidaals 
who flgared in it, would seem to have 
entitled it to a larger space than a sin- 
gle paragraph, in a work like that of 
Alison. Perhaps it was deemed be- 
neath the dignity of history, and so 
abandoned to the novelists and the 
•ehroniders. Bat the reference made to 
the matter, in that unsatisfactory par- 
agraph, has induced me to look up the 
authentio details of the memorable af- 
fair. It is alluded to by many of the 
memoir-writers of the time, and from 
these I have obtained much informa- 
tion in regard to the matter ; but am 
ehiefly indebted to a work entitled 
'^Causes Oelebres," published in Paris 
in the year 1808. I am also under 
obligations to a friend in Paris, for the 
transmission of reliable information in 
velation to the career of one of the in- 
•dividuals connected with the affair, 
and for an authentic and oircumataa- 
tial account of the trial of the guilty 
parties. This intelligence was nob 
transmitted by balloon, be it under- 
«tood, haying been received by me 
•ome two years ago. 

The chief actor in this memorable 
drama was Mademoselle de Yalois. 
She was descended from Henry II., of 
France, by one of his mistresses, and 
it was to the accidental diMovery of 
this right honorable connection th^t she 
was indebted for her introdnotitiu at 
Versailles. A pension wan in^towpd 
upon her, and, under the smiles of the 
royal favor she attracted the ait**iirion 
of a gentleman by the name of Li 
motte, to whom she was afterwards 

In the month of September, 1781, 
•he formed the acquaintance of the 
Cardinal de Bohan. To fully carry out 
the design she had formed, in seeking 
the acquaintance of the Cardinal, it 

behooved her to approach him under 
the proper auspices. 'Vh is was affected 
in her introduction to him by the dis- 
tinguished lady BoiiUiDvilliers ; and 
she soon made him familiar with her 
illustrious lineages, aud the story of her 
various mi8fortuo«»H. The Gardinal 
was induced, at different times, to ren- 
der her peou Diary assi^taoce, and ouce 
became her s^'cnrity, to a jew money- 
lender, in the sum of five thousand 
livres, which he afterwards was obliged 
to pay. Bat her meagre pension, and 
what aid she received from the Oar- 
dinal, could not keep her above pen* 
ury, and, ia 1784. i!d><d<ifne de Lamotto 
obtained special permisbion to sell her 
pension, and that of her brother. From 
this sacrifice she realized a few thou- 
sand livres, which wer^ soon dissip w 
ted, aud she was now rtduced to tralfio 
on her wits ; and she now, in earneait, 
set about carrying out the design she 
seems to have had in view in first fornr- 
ing the acquaintance of Cardinal do 

Her first effort was to create an im- 
pression amoug her acquaintancea that 
she was on in&tinkte tdrmi with the 
qiieen and stood high in her favor. 
Her name, her mibfortuues, the benev- 
olence of ihe qaeen, bhe sair^ had 
given her ready aooesa to the presence 
of her maJ4*sty ; she was admitted to 
private interviewH ; was honored with 
numerous marks of kiudnesii, and was 
about to be restored to the old estate* 
of the family. Whilat waiting patieutly 
for these personal marks of the royal 
favor, she freely offered her influeuoe 
to those who ntoo I in need of it ; her 
ODly desire, ahn said, was to be useful 
to the unfortanat«*. To carry out the 
deception she would ahow, in ooufi* 
dence. lettera to her addreas from the 
queen, and oomment ou the expres- 
sions of favor and kindness they oon- 
tained. All these letters, of ooor^e^ 
were forg^-ries. 

Oardinal de Rohan was in disg.ace 
with the queen, which fact Madame 
de Lamotbe W/is oogniz int of previous 
to her forming hia acqiiaiutanoe ; and 
she knew furrlMfrmorr, it was the wish 
of his life to be reet4»re«l to favor ; and 
she now appro loUed him with the atoiy 
she had so snooessf uUy imposed on se 

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jnaoy others. She told him she ooald 
luroish him with the meaas of attain- 
ing the object he had so much at 
heart — bia restoration to royal fay- 
or ; and, to remove some half expressed 
doabt of her inflaence, she exhibited 
tHe forced letters. These had the de- 
sired effect. The Cardinal had no sus* 
Sicion of deception in the matter, and 
e hift-i either never seen the queen's 
haQdwriting. or was not saffioiently 
familiar with it to detect the forgery, 
and, donb less, the execution of the 
letters was cleverly enoagh performed 
to have deceived even a more compe- 
tent jadge. 

Altboagh the Cardinal had beenper- 
soaded, fur a while, that Madame de 
Lamotte possessed great influence with 
tbeqaeen yet the delays which at- 
tend the execution of her promises 
staggered his faith a little. To re-es- 
tablish it, she had recoarse to the 
foilowiag expedient : 

It was a habit of the qneen to walk 
of a summer evening, in the gardens 
of Versailles, attended by persons of 
her hansehold. One day, when the 
Giirdinal had plainly intimated to 
Hiidame de Lamotte doubts of her al- 
ledged influence, she said to }^im : 

* Show yourself in the gardens, and 
some day, perhaps' you may have the 
good fortune to hear, from the queen 
herself, confirmation of the change of 
feeling whiohl have iudio:ited." 

According the Cardinal, from time 
to time, visited the gardens, desiring, 
yet hardly expecting the good fortune 
thus promised him ; when, one eve- 
ning, about the first of August, Ma- 
dame de Lamotte came to him and 
laid : 

** The queen has graciously bid me 
inform you that you are permitted to 
spproaoh her, and desires you to do so.'' 

He advanced towards a person whose 
head was enveloped in a coif, and 
vhom Miidame de Lamotte had indi- 
cated as the queen. Humbly bend- 
ing low before her, he hears ; 

"You may hope the past will be 
forgotten, and favor again bestowed 
ipon you !'* 

Hardly had the words been ottered 
vhen a voice calls : 

"Madame 1 Madame, the Countess 
•f Artois !'» 

The Cardinal, expressing his pro* 
found and respectful gratitude, retires^ 
and, rejoining 'Madame de Lamotte, 
leaves the garden with her, delighted 
bf^yond measure. There was no mor» 
donbt-^no more distrust — no more- 
hesitancy in his mind. He was ready> 
to believe everything — to do every- 
thing without further reflection, and 
to regard the orders transmitted to- 
him through Madame de Lamotte- 
with the same reverence as if he had> 
himself heard them from the lips of 
the queen. 

Having now obtained the unbonnded 
confidence of the Cardinal, and know- 
ing that he implicitly beleived in her 
power to perform all she promised^ 
Madame de Lamotte was not slow to 
profit by it. In the course of the 
same month she made a call upon hiuk 
for sixty thousand livres, for the relief,, 
she told him of some unfortunate in- 
dividuals who had excited the sym^ 
pathy of the queen ; and the moneys 
was immediately paid to her. In No- 
vember following she demanded ^n 
hundred thousand livres, for a similar 

Eurpose, and the Cardinal forthwith 
onored her draft. 

Suddenly, now. Madam de Lamotte- 
appears conspicuously in Parisian life, 
and figures largely with her plate and 
jewelry. Her husband, also, emerges 
from the obscurity that had, in a great- 
measure, hidden him from fashionable 
life. He sets up his carriage, in- 
creases the number of his servants, 
purchases a beautiful house, and, al- 
together, makes a notable display of 
apparant wealth. 

At this stage of her career Madame- 
de Lamotte seems to have determined 
to carry out the chief design she had 
in view in the outset Some of the- 
writers of the time have intimated that 
this grand scheme was an outgrowth 
from the success attending the enter- 
prises she had already achieved, but 
that, at first, it did not enter into her 
calculation. < But I am constrained to- 
differ with them here. I am well per- 
suaded, from evidence I might adduce, 
did space permit, that from the outset 
she had this main object in view ; and 
the accomplishment of it was the ohielT 
design she entertained in first forming: 

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the acqnaintanoe of Oardinal de Bohan. 
Thia was nothing less than the obtain- 
ing possession of the famous Diamond 
Neoklaoe that had been, for several 
years, in possession of the jewelers of 
the orown. Seldom, perhaps never, 
in the annals of swindling, has any- 
thing been attempted on so grand a 
scale, and at the same time so easily 
aooomplished. Never, sinoe fraud set 
anares for folly, did delusion become 
more deeply rooted than in the case of 
Cardinal de Bohan. 

The jewelers of the crown, in whose 
possession was the valuable necklace, 
were Messrs. BoBhmer & Bassange. In 
the latter part of December M. 
Haohette, who was a dealer in dia- 
monds and precious stones, and doing 
business in theBue St. Honore, called 
on Messrs. Boehmer & Bassange, and 
speaks to them about the necklace. 
He finds they have not disposed of it, 
but are anxious to do so, and desire a 
purchaser; andM. Hachette suggests 
that if some one could be approached, 
in regard to the matter, who had in- 
fluence at court, possibly the necklace 
might be disposed of. This suggestion 
meets the approval of the crown 
jewelers. M. Hachette said he had 
no acquaintance at court, but his son- 
in-law, M. de Laporte, an advocate, 
was intimate with a lady who was 
honored with the favor of th ? queen. 

Urged by the jewelers, M. Hachette 
promised to try to induce his son-in- 
law to negotiate with the lady. M. 
de Laporte complies, and seeks an in- 
terview with the lady, who is even 
Madame de Lamotte. At first, when 
M. de Laporte requests her to use her 
influence at court for the disposal of 
the necklace, she declines to have any- 
thing to do with it, but finally con- 
sents, and requests that it be sent to 
her. It was conveyed to her on the 
twenty-ninth of December, 1784. She 
returned a message to Messrs. Boehmer 
& Bassange that it was repugnant to 
her feelings to meddle in any matter 
of business, but, to oblige them, she 
would see what could be done. 

Some three weeks had elapsed since 
the delivery of the necklace, when 
Madame de Lamotte sent word, 
through M. de Laporte, to the jewelers 

that they might call on her on the fol- 
lowing day. Accordingly, on the 
twenly-flrst of January, M. Bassange 
called at her hotel M. de L&porte 
was present She informed the jeweler 
that the queen was anxious to purchase 
the necklace, and that a gentleman of 
high rank would be entrusted with the 
negotiations for it, by her majesty. 
At the same time she returned the 
necklace to the hands of M. Bassange. 

In dosing the interview, and as the 
jeweler was taking his leave, she re- 
marked, with an air calculated to im- 
press it as a matter of great importance : 

« M. Bassange, I will do you the 
kindness to say, that this is a matter 
of great delicacy, and needs to be con- 
ducted with the utmost discretion. 

M. de Laporte suspected that the 
Cardinal was the individual to whom 
she had reference when indicating the 
queen's employment of a person of 
high rank in the matter, and after the 
jeweler had departed he expressed his 
surprise, knowing the Oardinal was in 
disgrace with the queen. 

**I assure you, on my honor," she 
replied, '* that the Cardinal de Bohan 
has been restored to royal favor." 

Three days afterwards Madame de 
Lamotte, in company with her hus- 
band, drove up in her carriage before 
the establishment of Messrs. Boehmer 
& Bassange, and sent in a message for 
them both to attend her. They imme- 
diately came out to the carriage, when 
she again advised them of the necessity 
of discretion, and told them the neck- 
lace was to be purchased for the queen, 
and that the person who was to con- 
duct the negotiations, and to whom 
the business had been entrusted, by 
her majesty, would soon present him- 

Meanwhile the Cardinal had been 
prepared for tue part he was to take 
in the affair, by a train of deceptions 
which led him to believe that this was 
an opportunity purposely thrown in 
his way, by which he might signah'ze 
his respect for the queen, and evince 
his zeal in her service. In due time he 
called upon the jewelers. They fully 
observed the discretion which had been 
enjoined upon tkem. The Cardinal 
had called to examine some rich oma- 

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mentB, and a variety of saeh were ex- 
hibited to him before introdnoiiig the 
diamond neoklaoe. He asked the 
price of it. They replied that the 
lowest estimate that had been put apon 
it was one million six hundred thousand 
litres. (This computed in onr our- 
ren<7, would be two hundred and 
nineS^-siz thousand dollars.) The 
Cardinal did not attempt to conceal 
the intention to bargain for it, and 
said it was for a person whose name 
he was not at liberty to menticn, at 
present; but that, perhaps, at some 
fatnre time, he might be permitted to 
disclose it. He then withdrew. 
{To be ConHnued.) 

Should Locomotlye Engineers be 
Mechanics ? 

BtJPFALo, Feb. 21, 1871. 
This is an old and contested point 
that has been the rounds many times 
before now, and has been argued by 
engineers, mechanics, and men of oth- 
er professions. To say the least, I do 
not think that any engineer of good 
jadgment would remain long in doubt 
in regard to this matter, as it is wholly 
indispensable that a man should spend 
from three to four years in a shop 
learning how to run an engine on the 
road, and then go on the road and fire 
as much longer, before he is fit to be- 
come a locomotive engineer. Now 
take two young men 21 years of age — 
one has served his time at turning 
tires, boring oat cylinders, facing on 
valves, and other works necessary for 
the building and repair of engines ; 
in fact he is master of his trade. A 
man that has fired the usual time un- 
der the eye of some careful engineer, 
and has become familiar with the lo- 
•comotive and railroading in all of its 
various forms, has been on the engine 
in rain, snow, dews and fogs, in warm 
and cold weather, by day and night, 
np hill and down, through the forest 
and open plain, he has seen the engin- 
eer overcome all of the difficulties that 
are apt to occur, he has assisted the 
engineer to take down and put up ev- 
ery part of the engine, he has been 
with the locomotive in all of its vicis- 
aitadeSy he has by constant use and 

observation learned how tires should 
be turned, cylinders bored out» valves 
faced off; and all other work necessary 
to be done on a good working engine, 
and it is now declared that he has 
learned his trade. And now they stand 
side by side, each one on his own en- 
gine, all ready to coinpete for the 
championship of the iron monster. 
Now what think you is the difference 
in those two men ? 

In the former case he is not accus- 
tomed to move his iron steeds he 
knows nothing of railroading with all 
of its ups and downs ; while in the 
latter case it is only the old story ; his 
hands are hard and calloused, the loco- 
motive has many times been his prote- 
ge, he has traveled miles enough by 
rail to carry him many times around 
the globe ; he is well used to his iron 

And now, I ask all manner of men, 
which of those two trains are you go- 
ing to take ? Which of the two men is 
the competent engineer? Husbands 
and fathers, in whose care will you put 
your wives and little ones, to be whirl- 
ed away through the midnight dark- 

Now let us consider what a man will 
learn in a shop about running an en- 
gine. Will he learn to tell when an 
engine is foaming and how to proceed 
in such case ? Will it learn him when 
it is going to rain to have his sand-box 
full and pipes clear ? Will it learn 
him not to give his engine sand while 
it is slipping? 1 have seen many 
cranks broken that way. Will it learn 
him how to run an extza train and 
keep out of other trains, and other 
trains out of his. 

If a man serve his time in the shop 
will this alone teach him to get along 
with an engine that does not steam 
free ? How far he can run for water ? 
How much train he can pull to bring 
his train up properly at a station ? In 
fact to apply the right means in the 
right place under aU circumstances? 

WiU reading maritime works learn 
a man how to take a ship on the ocean 
and shape its coarse free fromduiger? 
No, it ^nll not ! It takes the practi- 
cal experience to do the work. 

The reader will infer that I am in 

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i^oooMocrvB mroniBBur 

fftTor of having firemen for engin^rs, 
but in ooming to that conolasion I 
would say that a man from the shop 
will make as good an engineer as a 
fireman, provided that he learn the 
second trade. The best msu^hinist in 
the world ooald do no more with a 
set of engine tools than the engineer 
himself. Neither of them can tnm np 
ft bolt or plane a key on the road, 
but both of them can have spare ones 
in their tool-box. 

The engineer should be mechanic 
enough to be a good judge of any- 
thing that may transpire around him 
and be able to take down and put 
up all parts of hisengine. The engin- 
eer should be a scientific and ingen- 
ious man with a good lesson from the 
world. The point I wish to sustain 
is this : that it is not necessary for a 
man to learn two trades in order to 
pursue one. But there is a fact that 
I will not deny, that some engineers 
are not as well posted as they ought 
to be. 

We should take the Farmers* Club 
as an example, where they discuss Ag- 
riculture, Horticulture, Floriculture 
and arable lands. Suppose we should 
have meetings of this kind and there 
discuss all matters of value to us, 
assisting one another, and at the same 
time learning our firemen to be en- 
gineers. If we should do this we 
would soon have a class of engineers 
that would be something more than 
froth and foam. 

I saw a long article in the Jan. No. 
in regard to this matter, and that is 
what induced me to make a reply. The 
request in that article was, for those 
who were well posted to give their 
opinion. In making this reply I will 
say, that I am not as well posted as I 
would like to be, but then I will have 
to wrangle with the writer all the 

I hope I shall hear from him in the 
aext number, as he promised, and also 
with a signature.. Perhaps by that 
time I shall have something more to 
■ay. B. o. B. 

• ♦ ' • 

Av Englishman paying an Irish shoe- 
black with rndeness, the urchin said: 
**lfy honey, all the polish you have is 
apon yonr boots, and I gave you that I 

Brothers Wilson A F&Uovis: 

Having read the article ia the Feb- 
ruary number relative to the necessity 
of Engineers being Mechanics. I for 
one should say it is not necessary, thai 
it is necessary for an engineer toba- 
well versed in the construction of his* 
engine is certainly right, but when* 
you talk of practical mechanism, and 
running an engine, yon are talking of 
two seperate trades, for running an 
engine is just as much a trade, so ta 
speak, as anything else. The two 
combined may work well together, but 
is not absolutely necessary any mora 
than it is for a carpenter to be an arehi- 
tect» or vice versa ; to make a good 
engineer he should commence at the 
bottom of the ladder and work his way 
up. There is an experience necessary 
in running an engine that can only be 
learned on the road. I care not how 
good a mechanic a man may be, he 
may be fully versed in the constznotion 
of an engine, yet put that man on the 
road, in a tight place, and of whal 
good would ali his mechanical knowl- 
edge be. There is a vast difTerenoe 
between repairing an engine in the 
shop and on the road ; in the former 
you have all the tools you need and all 
the help; on the road you have not, 
you have to devise some plan, fre- 
quently, to get your train out of the 
wa^ ; yoa ai^d on the main track, other 
trains are due which you know must 
not be delayed; perhaps short of water 
or up to your knees in snow, with the 
thermometer below zero; now is the 
time to distinguish between the shop 
and road experience. Beverse the or-^ 
der of things, take an old fireman ia 
the shop and tell him to put a patch 
on a fractured cylinder or face a valve,, 
he could not do it, yet he could run an 
engine just as weU. Let an engine- 
break down on the road, we will saj- 
some branch away from the shops of 
the main line, let her break a xod or 
throw a driving wheel off, or break a 
thousand little things that are contin- 
ually giving out on an engine, what 
good is your practical mechanic; he 
could only do as an old fireman would,. 
viz., disconnect his engine or block, 
her up as the case may be, and ran. 
her to the shops for repaura . Yon ma^. 

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my the mechanic would keep the en- 
gine up better. I saj, no be woald 
noi, after a man has fired a term of 
yean, if he takes any interent in bis 
engine, he will know how to keep his 
rods and set np bis wedges, keep bis 
pnmps in good sbape, packing, &a, 
)08t as well as a mecbanic» and wben 
yoQ oome to mnning the engine, tbe 
cbanoee are he will do better, for the 
Tery reason he has had the experience 
that a '*8hop man" bas not and never 
vill bave for few men aft<^r learning 
their trade would want to go firing. 
I don't mean to say a mechanic can't 
nm an engin«^ by any means, becaose 
I am per.-ooally acquainted with tbose 
that are running, and good men too, 
but I know many more that are 
not mechanics, just as good. Speak- 
ing of the days of Stepbenson, it is 
easily understood wby he selected bis 
beat mechanics to run hia engines, 
limply because they were tbe only 
men be had ; steam was a new tbing 
then, jast in its infancy, and Stephen- 
son was obliged to put these men on ; 
it is not 60 now-a-days ; I for one 
vfaen a youth, commenced to learn tbe 
machinist trade, and I assure you it is 
of no use to me running an engine. 
For my part I say let your engineer 
poet himself on natural philosophy, 
on the laws of expansion and contrac- 
tion, friction, &c. , of the composition 
of water ko. ; many tbonsands of dol- 
hn would be saved, if expansion and 
contraction were better understood. 
Withoat mentioning other tbings 
eqoally as important, it is as tbe 
vnter of the article referred to, says, 
A *fearfnl experiment" to send an in- 
aperienoed man on the road, there- 
fore I say, select your engineers from 
old firemen. Good, sober, steady men 
deserve promotion, tbey have worked 
bard for it, they have bad tbe neces- 
iary experience, and if found worthy 
•nd well qualified, let tbem enter npon 
tbe responsible duty and I'll warrant 
yoQ they will do as well as if they bad 
•ened their time in the shop. Per- 
baps some of the readers of the Jottb- 
>AL may not look at tbe subject in tbe 
luoe light, but the writer of the arti- 
cle in the February number invites 
ditenasion on the subject, so I have 

jotted down » few thoughts, somewhai 
di»jointedly, perhaps, but meaning. 
weU. Respectfully, 

Division No. K 

&YLVANIA, Ohio, I 

March 10, 1871. J 
Wilson k FKLiiOwscr-QeutB, In 
perusing the January number of the^ 
JouBNAit, I was forcibly struck with 
the article, dated Booheater, Oct 10^ 

I agree with the writer of the article 
in every sense of tbe word, altboagh 
he signs his name Fireman, I think he- 
is above the common run of tbe pro« 
fession. There are other articles of 
like importance in the same number 
of the Journal that would be worthy 
of our serious attention — tbe article 
headed N. Y. 0. R. R, Syracuse to 
Rochester; in that article I notice the 
writer says tbere is a wonderful dif- 
ference between Sunday and Monday, 
and I agree with him in all be has 
said, and then judge of my surprise 
wben I look over the number of di- 
visions and see the Sabbath day sel 
apart for the business of tbe division. 
I am led to the belief that very few 
if any, oomposing tbose divisions, are, 
in truth, such men as the articles 
above mentioned refer to. I believe 
the motto of every man should be, 
|*Remember the Sabbath day to keep 
it Holy." I notice that not only in 
^ew Orleans, but in tbe states of 
N. Y., Penn., Obio and Indiana, 
tbis practice of Snnday meetings pre- 
vail, to tbe shame of all Christiana 
and well wishers of good society. If 
those divisions have any regard for 
the welfare of their organization, and 
tbe prosperity of their cause, I woald 
advise them to alter their by-laws and 
change their day of meeting to some^ 
other than tbe day that Qod has set- 
apart for his worship. 

If this article is of any importance, 
and you deem it advisable you may 
publish it, otherwise consign it to the- 
waste basket. 

Wm. B. Wabbsn. 


We cheerfully give a place to our- 
friend's letter, and we fully agree witlv 

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him in giving all due praise to the 
writers he refers to. Their articles are 
worthy the pemsal of any person. 

And it is with sinoere regret that 
we inform the readers of the Joxtbnaii 
that onr friend that wrote the article 
«igned "Fireman," has met hU death 
as suddenly as he warns the engineer 
in the article refered to, of his liability 
to sudden death. 

The name of the writer was John 
"Wesley Davis. He fired an engine on 
the N. Y. G. B. B. for several years, 
4ind his character and conduct as a 
man, was praiseworthy and above re* 
proaoh. Feeling unwell he went to 
•his home and laid down, and died in 
a few moments. Mr Davis was a warm 
friend of the Joubnaii and had con- 
tributed several interesting articles to 
its columns. By his death his family 
lose a kind husband and father, soci- 
ety an honest man, and we feel that 
the JouBNAii has lost one of its most 
worthy contributors. We are glad 
that our friend has honored his mem- 
ory by speaking so kindly of his 

We are pleased to know that our 
friend has noticed the article from 
•**N. Y. C. B. B., Syracuse to Boches- 
ter.*' The writer of that article is one 
•of our ablest contributers, and what is 
better than all else, he is actuated by 
.pure motives, his labors in our cause 
cannot have any personal aim ; they 
Are freely given, without any possible 
motive except to help the cause of the 
JBrotherhood. We hope the good 
word spoken by our friend will induce 
-"A friend of railroad men" to favor us 
with frequent contributions from his 
able pen. 

The writer of the above article is 
eevere on our Divisions meeting on 
.Sunday . If we thought it would be a 

sufficient answer we should simply 
say, they cannot meet on any other 
day; but presuming that our friend 
lives a little off from the railroad, we 
will say that most of the railroad oom- 
panics run their engineers so much 
that they do not have time to meet 
upon a week day, and on some roads 
none but passenger engineers could 
attend meetings, even on Sunday. 
Bailroad men that are employed to 
run the trains are the worst situated 
of any class of men, as regards any 
kind of meetings. It often happens 
that the engineer cannot be spared to 
attend the funeral of a dear friend; 
thus muoh as to the difficulty of at- 
tending meetings. 

As to its being a violation of the 
command, to "Bemember the Sabbath 
day and keep it Holy," we can only 
answer for one. In all of our experi- 
ence in attending Brotherhood meet- 
ings on Sunday, we can truthfully say 
that we have never seen anything done 
that would be a desecration of the day, 
or the house, if it was performed in 
church. We have often heard in our 
meeting, the most touching appeals 
made to our Brothers to be temperate, 
to be good citizens, and to be christ- 
ians. Once in the city of Baltimore 
we met with our Brothers on Sunday, 
our lamented Brother John McAbee, 
sitting in his chair, (being too feeble 
to rise), made the most affecting and 
persuasive speech we ever heard. He 
was an old engineer and he knew all 
the temptations Bailroad men are sub- 
ject to. He was also a christian man, 
and an active member of the church. 
He stood upon the verge of the grave 
and fully understanding his subject, 
he urged his Brothers to cultivate 
every virtue, and vividly contrasted 
the former custom of engineers spend- 

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ing tbe BMaMi day in riotona living 
«nd intemperanoe, with the soene 
there before him, vhere all seemed 
amdooa to do all the j oonld to make 
better men of themaelyee and improve 
their condition in every respect 

Every one that censures the engin- 
eers for holding their meetings on 
Sunday should remember that we 
base all our daims for favors from the 
companies and the public, upon our 
good character and abilities. 

We would be the last person that 
would advise any desecration of the 
Sabbath day, or that would advise any 
public display that would in the 
least offend the most sensitive, but 
we have no hesitation in saying that 
we would willingly agree to suffer all 
the punishment that will ever be in- 
flicted upon engineers for holding 
Sanday meetings where only the 
legitimate business of the Brother- 
hood is transacted. Do not be too 
hard upon a class of men that are 
trying to do right. 

EaglneerM Should be Mechanics. 

Ik reading the article in the Joub- 
KA.L of this month, "Should Engineers 
be Meohanics," I was put to tMnking 
more earnestly on the subject, and 
after thinking over it a great deal am 
brought to the conclusion that they 
onght to be mechanics. Now I do not 
propose in this communication to state 
any views as to the wby*s and where- 
fore's that an engineer should be a 
mechanic, but simply to ask the writer 
of the article in the February number 
of the JouBMAii if he means "machin- 
ist" when he says * 'mechanic.'' He 
mnst know that carpenters, tailors, &c., 
are mechanics, and a man being an 
expert shoemaker would not qualify 
him in any way for a locomotive en- 

I say engineers should be mechanics, 
just saoh mechanics as George Stepen- 
sonwM, a natural medumio, and if 

all engineers were such we would have 
better engineers. 

I would give my views ontiie sub- 
ject more fully, but had rather wait 
and know exactly where the writer of 
the article above referred to stands. 

To use the word "mechanic," would 
be occupying too much ground, and 
wotdd embrace, I may venture to say, 
two-thirds of the human family, as I 
can, I think, prove that every intelli- 
gent being is endowed, more or less, 
with a mechanical talent. 

Let us know if you allude to ma- 
chinist when you say mechanic, and I 
am willing to give my views on that 
subject. MoBB Anon. 

We mean by a "mechanic" more 
than the usual significance of the word 

If the writer of the above article 
will read our article in the February 
JouBNAii over carefully, he will find a 
distinct qualification of the kind of a 
'^mechanic" we referred to. We tried 
to impress the minds of the readers of 
the JouBNAL with the difference be- 
tween a man that simply worked like 
a machine, or one that was able to in- 
vent and build the machine. 

A man to be entitled to be classed 
as a mechanic should be able to under- 
stand the principle of any machine 
thathe could be induced to take charge 
of and run. 

We cannot better answer the en- 
quiry of our friend than by saying 
that we mean by "mechanic," a man 
in a measure like George Stephenson, 
who is able to turn his hand to any 
kind of mechanical work, and with a 
little experience, make a first-class 
carpenter, tailor, shoemaker, machin- 
ist or loco motive engineer, and who is 
able to detect at a glance imperfec- 
tions, if they exist, in any machine he 
may have occasion to use. 

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Steam Boiler EzploAlons. 

Bbos. WiisoN & Fallows :^ln the 
Febraary number of the Jouknal, un- 
der the heading '*Steam Boiler Explo- 
sions, " J. D., of Div. 68, gives us a 
most excellent letter. Scientific men 
have examined facts and instituted ex- 
periments for the purpose of solving 
the mjstery surrounding nearly every 
case of a- bursted boiler, hitherto with- 
out success. I am confident that J. 
D. has struck the track which will 
eventually lead to discovery,' and I 
trust that our brothers, on all the 
roads, will consider it a duty to report 
through the Journal every fact ob- 
served by them in connection with 
explosions of boilers. 

It is well known that several boilers 
have exploded with immense violence, 
at a moment when the guage indicated 
a pressure many pounds below that 
sustained ordinarily. This fact with- 
in the knowledge perhaps, of all of us, 
shows that an instantaneous produc- 
tion of power must have been pro- 
duced. In one instance the guage indi- 
cated one hundred pounds pressure the 
engine being at rest at a station where 
it had arrived some fifteen or twenty 
minutes before. On the trip there had 
been, much of the time, a pressure of 
one hundred and twenty pounds. This 
latter pressure was on the boiler while 
the engine was running over a tolera- 
bly rough road, drawing a heavy train 
at a speed of some fifteen miles per 
hour ; and the boiler had not only to 
stand the pressure itself, but stood the 
additional strain resulting from the 
jarring and shaking incident to its 
speed and the roughness of the road. 
Yet we find this boiler bursting while 
in a state of rest, with some 20 per 
cent less pressure than it successfully 
stood while in motion. 

Every engineer knows that raising 
steam is a question of time ; it cannot 
be done in any of our boilers under 
the most favorable circumstances, 
without the consumption of a consid- 
erable portion of time. When we 
have Btes^m at 80 pounds, we know that 
much firing and considerable time is 
required to give us 100 pounds, and 
that we can see the gradual move of 

the indicator as it works on from 80 to 
100. But wo find in several well attest- 
ed cases, that terrific explosions hava 
taken place, without any apparent 
change of the index of the gr&uge, and 
that too when the guage indicated a 
pressure far below the point of safety. 

We mast conclude th^t, from soma 
cause, explosions within the boiler, 
analagons to the instantaneous explo* 
ston of gunpowder, do really take place. 
We muat further conclude that thesa 
explosions cannot result from the in- 
stantaneous formation of steam ; at 
least our experience shows that always 
the formation of steam is a work of 
time. What causes explosions ? Bro, 
J. D. says: **Pure water is a com- 
pound of two very inflamable gasea, 
which will separate and stay apart^ 
until accidentally or otherwise brought 
into contact with an ignited sub- 
stance.*' My small stock of chemis- 
try tells me that oxygen is not an in- 
fiamable gas — that it will not burn, 
but only support combustion ; that 
hydrogen is infiamable ; that it will 
burn, but will not support combus- 
tion. The result of numerous exper- 
iments made by scientists is rather 
opposed to the theory that the water 
is decomposed into these two gases^ 
and a moment's reflection is only 
needed to convince us that these gases* 
being lighter than water, would pasa 
off with the steam while the engina 
was working. 

No amount of electricity generated 
by a running engine decompose water 
faster than the gases resulting could 
escape from the throttle ; and if tha 
gases escaped as rapidly as they wera 
produced, conductors made on pur* 
pose could not produce an explosion. 

What is steam ? The common an- 
swer is that **U is ttater expanded by 
heat,** Is such an answer correct f 
Clearly not When we heat water with- 
in certain limits it expands, as does 
all other fluids and gases, and occu- 
pies more space in all directions ; still 
no steam appears, and only the bnlk 
of water is increased. When tha 
water is heated up to 212 deg. ebulli- 
tion ensues and steam is formed. Thia 
steam is not water swollen ont» or 
simply increased in bulk, any mora 

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thiiD potash is ipotassium ; it ifl a oom- 
poand of caloric and water, and can 
be decomposed only by presenting 
some body having an affinity for one 
or the other of its constituents. Steam 
80 far as our senses are concerned, is 
invisible and imponderable, and is, in 
my humble opinion, as much of a 
chemical compound as the peroxyde 
of iron. Any increase of stoftm must 
be in the quantity produced, and the 
production of sream will cease as soon 
as the water has all been converted. 
We may expand steam — we may ex- 
pand air by heat, and we may convert 
every minute atom of water into 
steam so as to have what we call dry 
steam, but t>ie steam itself is one and 
the same thing all the time, as much 
as air continues to be air when ex- 
panded by heat 

Now, if steam is really a compound 
of caloric and water, it must have 
been governed by the chemical law of 
di fiaifee proportions in its formation 
—that is, a given amount of heat, or 
caloric, must have united with a giv- 
en amount of water to produce it 
If caloric and water nnite under the 
Uw of deflnitfli pro'portions. and we 
say that one portion of water with 
one portian of caloric produces steam, 
what would be the prod net of one por- 
tion of water combined with two of 
eal«>rio? In ot'ier words, will water 
and caloric produce in combination 
any other body than steam ? and if 
the answer be in the affirmative, mny 
we not in the new compound find the 
power which produces instantautous- 
ly the power which rends our boiler 
and often scatters death and destruc- 

Let OS get all the facts before the 

Cbiio. We i&#e just the men whe 
ve the best chances of noteing all 
essential points touching explosions, 
unless we go up with the boiler ; and 
I traat that others will follow the 
good example ^ven by J. D.« and 
^ve us their views on this much vex- 
M question. S. 

DuNSiBX. N. T. 

Happint^s consists in beinir perfeetly 
-Siti»fied with what we havn't got. 

Idlsnsss is the sepnlohre of a living man. 

Steam Boiler Explosion Reviewed* 

DzAB Bbotheb J. D. OF No. 68. 
' The writer has read your causes im- 
mediate and remote, that materially 
tend to explode steam boilers, and it 
is my opinion when I consider those 
causes briefly, that they are not alto- 
gether correct I admit that water is 
composed of those two gasses, hydro- 
gen and oxygen; in this you are right, 
and tnat they are inflamable. But I 
can prove that they are not explosive, 
therefore I can assure our Brothers 
they have been harmless when experi- 
mented with. 

How is steam so powerful ? Because 
it has in its constitution two volumns 
of hydrogen and one of oxygen, these 
gasses have been proved to be inflama- 
ble, but not explosive. For instance, 
Dr. Priestly, in the year 1781, ap- 
peared to have first fired hydrogen 
and oxygen gas in a closed glass ves- 
sel, the inside of which, though dean 
and dry before, became dewy ; it does 
not appear that there was any explos- 
ion of this frail epitome. The grand 
experiment was, however, by Fourcroy 
Yaquelin and Seguin, and was begun 
on May 13th, 179(1^ and flnished on 
the 22nd of the same month. The 
combustion was kept up one hundred 
and eighty-five hours with little inter- 
ruption, during which time the ma- 
chine was not quitted for a moment 
The total weight of hydrogen and oxy- 
gen emjAoyed was 7,249,227, the 
weight of water obtained was 7,244 gr. 
or 12 oz. 4 gros. 45 gr.; the water 
being examined was found to be as 
pure as distilled water; there was 
neither phosphorus nor sulphur as 
sediments lound. Oxygen is always 
mixed with nitrogen, but it does not 
seem that those men tpere alarmed 
about an explosion from the combus- 
tion of those gasses Ihat compose that 
S^werful agent, steam. Perhaps 
rother J, D. may think those men 
did not apply tne electrical spark to 
shatter to atoms the machine tlyat 
thev experimented with. 

There is in your supposed case an 
error of excess, for it is very seldom 
if ever, there was a case of explosion 
as it is described in your letter. Dry 

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air may be forced into the boiler, (I 
doubt it). It is well known that dry 
air is a non-oondnotor of electricity, 
and if it is not forced in with this 
non condactor how is it to be intro- 
duced inside any Boiler? Now sup- 
pose yours to be correct, how does it 
happen that boilers explode when the 
machines are standing still, especially 
stationary Boilers. 

In the year 1663 the Marquis of 
Worcester in a work entitled '*The 
Scantling of One Hundred Inven- 
tions," in experimenting with steam, 
says : **I have taken a cannon and 
filled it three quarters full of water, 
stopping and screwing up the end, as 
also the vent hole, and making a 
constant fire under it ; within twenty- 
four hours it burst and made a great 
crack or report." There was no forc- 
ing in of dr^ air in the shape of oxy- 
gen and nitrogen or electricity by 
friction in this experiment, to cause 
an explosion. It may be true that if 
the hints be strictly adhered to as 
laid down by Brother J. D., there is 
no cause of alarm from that ilimita- 
ble agent that endows with motive 
power our gigantic iron horse, that if 
low in water, shut down damper, let 
down leavei, &c.; in this case keep 
forcing in cold water and dry air or 
oxygen and nitrogen; if we shut off, 
pump and drop or damp fire we will 
come in for that part of the expiation, 
ignorance and ne^^ence. Never for- 
get that when it looses its humidity, 
£c., I would rather add, never forget 
the watchman (so called), he is a 
great tell tale, is always on the look- 
out, with one eye on the fire, the 
other into the boiler, as if he was 
watching those furious elements it 
contains (summed up in that letters 
laboratory), water, hydrogen and oxy- 
gen, that when confined, will shatter 
to atoms even cannon, God made all 
for the use of man, and has endowed 
him with intellect and reason that has 
made him master of almost all that 
is contained in the mighty work of 
His powerful hands. 

I will mention for the benefit of the 
readers of the Joubnaii some of the 
non-oonductors of electricity : Dry 
air, glass, snlphnr. resin and oils, 

water, damp wood, spirits of wine, 
damp air, some oils and most animals 
and plants are non-conductors, bat 
termed imperfect conductors. 

Steam is not such a destroying ele* 
ment when kept within proper bounds 
as has been set forth in that letter of 
Brother J. D.s' 

A Brothbb of No. 64. 

'^Let us be Gentle as Doves and Wlse^ 
as Serpents." 

I was glad to see Brother 54s state- 
ment in February number of our 
JouBNAii. I differ with him in some^ 
points. A good sum out at good in- 
terest is a positive benefit to any asso- 
ciation. The idea of a man being hia 
own banker is ridiculous. Let all 
moniei men put that principle into 
practice and the commercial world 
would stand still in three days. To 
gain anything it is necessary to risk 
something. What does 68 propose to 
risk ? $5 each. It would be dreadful 
if it misoarried. 54 states how things 
are, but not how 68 wants them. The 
latter's plan stands thus : Every 
Brother to become a member of the 
insurance subscribes $5, new members 
the same ; such monies with initiation 
fees to be securely invested at good 
interest, as a reserve fund. Direct 
relief, $1,500, subscribed as at present. 
N. B. '^Should misfortune again as- 
sail the widow and children of a de- 
ceased Brother,'* the reserve fund suf- 
fices. This will be found in the end a 
better relief than $2,700, right down. 
54 asks which is the best in provident 
hands? 68, which in improvident 
ones, knowing there is such. Many 
a man would sell his wife for half the 
sum, and many a widow buy another 
husband for less and let her children 
scatter. If we help people to get 
along by putting them into a suita- 
ble business and find them provident 
it will be encouraging to all ; if other- 
wise we are in position to look after 
the children and let the old hen go to 
roost where she likes. I am certain 
every intelligent woman wiU prefer 
the latter plan which entitles her in 
need to our substantial sympathy. 
As a rule y provident widows will rare![y 

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need more aid, improyident ones get 
no more. Oar reserve f and would thaa 
aocumnlftte and soon more than meet 
ordinary contingencies. 

Again, Brother 54 dolefully calcn- 
lates a slow increase in oar numbers. 
Things most be dnU around Port Jer- 
vis. Here in Canada, new railroads 
are building and in project, on every 
hand. I see nothing to prevent us 
from having five times our present 
population within ten years from now. 
America is young and it requires rail- 
roads to open it out Our numbers 
instead of 5,000, ought to be within 
ten years, over 15,000. Our insurance 
association is also young ; many Broth- 
ers were connected with others when 
started and did not care to transfer. 
All young members will join both. 
There is a large number of engineers 
who have not found their way into 
either, who will, I hope, ere long be fain 
to join so decent a crowd. There is no 
fear of our standing still fifty-five 
years. This continent to progress at 
the rate England has done in railroads 
the last fifty years, oug^t to number 
in fifty-five years its 55,000 B . L. E. 

In reference to the Friends Society, 
I am only at liberty to state : They 
give what and when necessary, only 
to the deserving. 

Brother 54 tickled me about my 
germ of Divinity. I will give him my 
History and let him judge whether 
having had such a good moral train- 
ing I might not presume to be a 
Bishop ! I worked a 120 horse sta- 
tionary engine before I was twelve 
yean of age. October next makes me 
forty; If I live, I will by that time 
have run and had charge of locomo- 
tive engines about twenty-one years 
on some of the most busy roads in 
the world. I was educated at a trav- 
eling coUege and would not have an- 
oth» moment's peace if I thought 
our noble institution would stand at 
2,700 members in fifty-five years. 
Cheer up, 54, there is a good time 

I was sorry to notice A. P. P. in 
BQch trouble. I fear he has an unruly 
lot to handle. Give it to them, old 
boy, and dinna spare. 

Ever Pratemally, 

J. D., Div. 68. 

Locomotive BoUers. 

^ At the suggestion of many locomo- 
tive engineers, I give my opinion of 
the explosion and bursting of locomo- 
tive boilers, although I feel incompe- 
tent to do the subject justice, and 
would feel more at home wielding a 
hammer or examining the safety of an 
old boiler. 

Explosions or bursting of boilers are 
usually classed under the same head, 
but the causes are differAit I will' 
first give my opinion of what oansesf 
the bursting of locomotive boilers. It 
is a subject to which I have given very 
careful study for many years. I have 
had some twenty years experience as a 
railroad employee, and I write from 
experience as well as theory. 
In the first place, I believe that there- 
is a constant current of electricity 
passing between the driving-boxes and 
the flues of the boiler ; its course is- 
through the frame to the braces that 
connect the cylinder part of the boiler 
to the frame ; then to the copper flues. 
When the boiler is under a pressure 
of steam, the boiler is supplied with 
water in front of this current, and it 
acts as a filter to the water ; therefore 
acids in the water adhere to the bot- 
tom of the boiler, and fine particles of 
lime to the fines ; and while such im- 
purities as contain neither goto the 
lowest part of the boiler, and are taken 
off by the hand holes when the boiler 
is cleansed, this electric current assist- 
ed by the acids in the water dissolves, 
and is also, in the writer's opinion, 
the cause of the iron becoming orys- 

Let any person examine a locomo- 
tive boiler that has been in use six or 
more years; when the fines are out, he 
will generally find the iron at the bot- 
tom of the cylinder part of the boiler, 
also where the braces from the frame 
are riveted to the boiler, reduced in 
some cases to a mere shell ; in time 
it will become so defective that it is 
liable to burst at any time under an 
ordinary pressure of steam, running or 
standing still. I have often examined 
boilers that I ^as f uUy satisfied burst 
from the above cause, and there ought 
not to have been the least blame at- 
tached to the engineer. Where lime- 

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•tone water is uaed on one portion of 
the road and soft water on another, 
i)oiler8 will become defective much 
sooner than on roads where the same 
kind of water is nsed throughout 

A locomotive boiler should never be 
.fised on any road for morethan twelve 
-vears, after that I think a boiler is liar 
ile to give out at any time, although I 
have known some to last much longer. 
«f railroad companies would replace 
•U old boilers that have been in oon- 
Btant use Ifor twelve years, with new 
ones, they would save large expendi- 
tures in repairs the occasional loss of 
a locomotive, and heavy lawsuits for 
damages for loss of life and property. 
Many companies pay too Utile litteu- 
iion to their boiler department. They 
entrust this department to a man 
^hose services they can procure for 
the least amount, regardless of his 
•ludmnent and experience in tbe busi 

nes& If li« cfi^ ^® *"^ ^^'^ *• ***® 
foreman of the machine shop (wlioue 
knowledge of boiler work is in most 
oases very limUedj directs, and keeps 
the boilers and flues from leaking, he 
is regarded by some companies as the 
leading man. 

The boiler furnishes tbe power to 
drive the locomotive, and if it is de- 
fective the engine is liable to be de- 
stroyed at any moment when in ser- 
Tice, and may canse great loss of life 
and property, aU the result of having 
an incompetent man at the head of 
the boiler department. Let the mi - 
road be long or short, the boiler work 
ehonld be nnder the direction of one 
man and he should be skillful m bis 
business and of long expenenc«e an a 
railroad boiler maker, and it should be 
his duty to make an occasioaal exami- 
nation of all the b.>Uers on the road, 
fibould ho at any time be guilty of m 
competence, negUgenoe, or intfrnper- 
ance he should be immediately re- 
,moved, and a competent man a^sigHed 
to tiie position. 

In my next article I will give my 
^ewsof the explosion of steam boilens 
but this covers nineteen out of twenty 
^oasee that are called explosions. 


Hmfhis, Tenn. 

The ProgrOikS of Russia. 

At the present time a few jottings 
in reference to BasHian progres:* naay 
not be uniuterestiug. ThiOu huudrcKl 
years ago a commeicial treaty wan en« 
tered inio between Elizabeth, Queen 
of Eugland, and Ivan iV, Oaar of 
Bussia, which la remarkable, from the 
fact that the liusbian monarch in hia 
communication to the i^iitish Govern- 
ment, sets forth in clear and forcible 
language the udvanUiges which would 
accrue to both countries Irom a free 
exchange of the products with which 
God had blessed them. At that time 
the only seaport that Buesia posverrbed 
in its immeube territory, Wtt» ArobaM- 
gel, which from its position in the ex- 
treme North, was only open to navi- 
gation for two Dionihs in the year. 
This state of matters continued for 
150 years longer, although in the inter- 
val the want of an enlarged seaboard 
andadditioaal ports was severely telt» 
and often complained of. 

In 1689 Peter the Great was called 
to the tbron^ and devoted all the en- 
ergies of hie powerful mind to the 
accomplisbmeut of two great objects 
for the good of his country, viz : the 
enlargement of its seaboard and the 
creation of a Navy. The remarkable 
steps which he took for the carrying 
out of the latter pre gect are well kuo wn. 
To carry out the former he engaged 
in a fierce war with Charles XII of 
Sweden for sev^^jjil years, and was de- 
feated. In 1703' lie founded St. Pe- 
tersbnrg ; a few yeais afterwards he 
renewed the war against Charles XII, 
and on the death of that King the 
Swedes were glad to couclnde a peace 
witiTeter in 1721, by which they ce- 
ded several Provinces. In 1743, Elis- 
abeth, Petera daughter, in further- 
ance of herfatber*s policy, again de- 
ohuM war against Sweden, and the 
rebult was the acquiiiiti^ by Hm«ia 
of the greater peraion of Finland. 

The sacceasive dismemberments of 
Poland in 1773, 1793 and 1795 by ex- 
tending the western boundary of Rus- 
sia, led indirectly to the furtherance 
of the great object, the enkrg««ient 
of the seaboard. The Polish troubles 
caused a war with Turkey, which cul- 
minated in 17S4 by BuBsia obtaining 

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posaeaaion of ^e Orimea, and thus se- 
<saring a hold on the Black Sea. 

A second war with Torkey, which 
continued five years, was brought to a 
termination in 1792 by the Treaty of 
Jaasy, which advanced the Bnssian 
frontier to the Dniester. Daring all 
this time the work still to be accom- 
plished on the Baltic was not forgot- 
ten. Bossia felt bound to carry out 
Peter's legacy to the letter, and in 
1808 Alexander L declared war against 
Sweden, which resulted in the com- 
plete conquest of Finland. 

Thus in one hundred years from the 
driving of the first pile on the banks 
^f the Neva, Bussia emerged from 
semi-obscurity to become one of the 
great powers of the world, and the 
march is still onward both in Europe 
and Asia. The Bussian outposts now 
almost touch Afghanistan, and on the 
river A moor a second Sebastopol has 

Whether all this bodes good or evil 
for mankind, is one of the great ques- 
tions of the day which time alone can 
solve. S, 

NoBTH PiiATTS, Neb., Jan. 6, 1871. 

Fault Finding. 

New Haven, March 15. 
Jfmrs Wilson & Fellows : 

I have noticed of late a great degree 
of fault finding exhibited b^ corres- 
pondents of the JouBNAii. Being some- 
what adverse to the principle, but 
knowing Hast it is impossible to please 
all, I confess that I sometimes yield 
to the temptation myself, and there 
«eems to me to be a good opportunity 
jost at present to fall in with the rest. 
I was much surprised while reading my 
March number to find an article ad- 
vising Christian Brothers to keep their 
religion under a bushel, and find some 
other good qualification to assist us, 
&o., that advice is not much needed 
in my opinion, becanse it is (Practiced 
too much now-a-days without any 
farther light npon the subject. I re- 
gret that it is so, and I do not think 
that it can be disputed by any right 
minded and understanding person. 
Where can one get a better qualifica- 

tion, one that is more adapted to assist 
in establishing a reputation before the 
world than Christianity. Belig^on, if 
I rightly understand it, is a saving or- 
dinance, and if rightly understood 
and enjoyed, would be the means of 
elevating ourselves in the opinion of 
the public at large as trustworthy and 
reliable men, more so than any other 
plan of reformation that could be 
brought to bear on our institution. I 
acknowledge that it can be used ju- 
diciously (outside of personal experi- 
ence) in a manner that will not give 
offense to those that are delicate about 
being approached upon the matter, 
but gain their attention and approba- 
tion, and very often their consent to 
adhere to its principles, and the result 
would be, that they would find their 
lives more cheerful and pleasant, their 
homes more happy, and a thousand 
other blessings and benefits that can- 
not be obtained from any other source 
in this cold, unfriendly world, and I 
will here add, not so many institutions 
of a benevolent chajracter establiahed 
to relieve the wants of those left behind 
after their demise. 

The whole subject is so comprehen- 
sive and familiar that I deem it un- 
necessary to follow it an^ farther, but 
will leave it to the sound judgment and 
good sense of all concerned. 

I believe in coming out square on a 
subject, not publish part and conceal 
the remainder, I admire my Brother's 
style in doing so. I trust I have given 
no offense, he says what he has written 
is his idea, and what I have written 
is mine. I agree with him that the 
sentiment contained in some of the 
articles in the Journaii would convey 
the idea to outsiders that we were 
rather a tough set, and if we did not 
immediately receive help of some 
kind we would certainly go to destruc- 
tion. Our kind and considerate cor- 
respondents need have no fear or ap- 
prehension of such a calamity, because 
we consider a locomotive engineer just 
as good as "any other man," and if 
those who take such a dislike to us 
sometimes because we look a little 
oily and dirty, wish to mix in first- 
cla^ society, let them send in their 

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A few more words in regard to the 
matter that is published in the Joub- 
NAii. I can vouch for the majority of 
the members of this Division in saying 
that we are all well satisfied with the 
selections, and fully concur with you 
in believing that the Joubnaii in its 
present prosperous condition, is owing 
mainly to the support of its patrons. 
If there are those who wish scientific 
reading and mechanical illustrations, 
let them read the works that are pub- 
lished of that descriptioQ, don't fill up 
our little sociable, fireside sheet with 
it. I do not" wish to be understood 
that I am opposed to anyones learning 
all they can, but I do sometimes think 
that a great many of those that are so 
ambitious for scientific attainments 
make better talkers than they do 

Our lady contributors have become 
suddenly silent. What is the difficulty? 
Have you got frightened and given up 
in despair, resigning your rights to 
these pages? I nope not; please let 
ufl hear from you again, no matter if 
you are not a Fanny Fern or a Harriet 
Beeoher Stowe, you are the style that 
interests ns in this locality. 
Tours fraternally, 

J. J. Grebn, 
Division No. 77. 


Our good Brother should not forget 
that our Constitution prohibits the 
dicussion of religious matters at our 
meetings, and a contingency might 
arise that this rule should be applied 
to a discussion of the same subject by 
the members of the Brotherhood 
through the columns of the Joubnaii. 
The members of the Brotherhood are 
made up from all creeds and sects; if 
one is allowed to recommend his creed 
as the best, then another must have the 
right to advocate his views, and I fear 
the field is too large for us to enter 

Our friends the clergy, have given 
us good advice in regard to religious 
subjects, and they are in order. We 

do not like to say our Brothers are out 
of "order,'* but simply call their at- 
tention to the **rule'» on page 17 of 
'the Constitution. 

Mbbbbs. Wimon & FjaiiK)ws. — I 
have often noticed the correspondence 
of some worthy ladies in your very 
valuable and interesting journal, and 
inspired by a hope that I, a devoted 
reader of the Joubnal might be per- 
mitted to say a few words in favor of 
Jackson railroad engineers. Sixteen 
or seventeen years experience among 
them has taught me their true char- 
acter, although many there were in 
years gone by, who are no more ; alas 
among them my own dear husband, 
who God, in his mercy thought fit to 
take, perhaps for a better purpose; 
but was he living I know he would 
take a hearty interest in this organiza- 
tion. My idea is to show the Brother- 
hood that the ladies of Louisiana can 
fully appreciate this most noble cause, 
and I hope that all ladies, especially 
those connected with Division No. 128, 
will not fail to make known their 
sympathy. Thank God our railroad 
can form as grand a Division of men 
as any other Division in the country ; 
perhaps not as numerous but as 
worthy ; men of honor and integrity. 
May God be with them in all their 
noble works. I can say with cincerity 
that a more generous or better-hearted 
class of men does not exist. To the 
widows and orphans of their railroad 
comrades, not only to those who died 
a violent death, but of those who died 
a natural death. I do not say thia 
because they have been kind to me 
and mine only ; oh no ! every other 
lady can say the same. 

I have often noticed in the pages of 
the JouBNAii, an article of some lady's, 
in which she dweUs most on the sub- 
ject of intoxication. With heart and 
soul do I coincide with them, for no 
person is more opposed to this most 
dangerous habit than I am. But with 
what feeling of pleasure do I say the 
Jackson railroad engineers abhors its- 
unholy influence. 

An Enqinkeb's Widow. 

Jackson, February Ist, 1871. 

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BoRDKNTOWN, Feb. '71. 

Brother Wilson and Fkl lows. — 
I received the Febraary number of the 
JouRNAii for 1871, and while reading 
it I thought how few of oar brothers 
take that interest in it they should, 
and if you approach them on the sub- 
jeet, they say they can't afford it, and 
then try to reason with them, telling 
them it is for their interest that it is 
printed ; but liiey will offer a hundred 

Brothers, it seems to me that if the 
members could only see the advantage 
to themselves of reading our Journaii, 
then they would subscribe for it. 

Brothers Wilson & Fellows I feel 
very much indebted to you for your 
interest in endeavoring to advance the 
interest of the brotherhood by pub- 
liking the JoUBNAIi. 

You have my sympathy, for without 
the JoiTBNAii I would be behind the 
age. It keeps me posted in matters 
relating to the brotherhood, 

But there are brothers that will 
throw away thr^e or four dollars use- 
lessly when half the amount would 
procure the Journal for two years ; 
others will take a number of sensa- 
tional papers, productive of no lasting 
good to themselves or families and 
say they cannot afford to pay lor the 
Journal, and so it goes. 

Bat those that take the Journal 
may rest assnred of one thing, they 
will be far in advance and better 
posted Uian those who do not by a 
constant keepiog up with what is going 
on amongst the different divitions 
throughout the world. 

A constant reading of the articles on 
the various subjects which are pre- 
sented through our Journal from the 
pens of those who are experienced 
and able to give counsel and suggest, 
will enable the reader to speak intel- 
ligently upon many points, and to give 
information to his hearers, that the 
non-subscriber knows not of, and if 
brothers desire to be left behind, if 
they desire to be ignorant of constantly 
occarring events, why labor as we 
may, neither yon nor subscribers can 
help it. 

Now a word about Division No. 109. 
We are getting along finely. We 

have good attendance at onr meetings, 
and the brothers take a strong interest 
in it. But as yet none has taken it 
upon themselves strong enough to 
write a communication for the Jour- 
nal, and so I thought that I would 
take it upon myself to write a word 
or two ; hoping to hear from some one ' 
of our brothers through the Journal, 
I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

Jersey Bot. 

DuNLAP, Jan. 30th, 1871. 
Messrs. Wilson & Fellows : As I 
am a regular reader of your valuable 
monthly journal, and often see letters 
from wives of engineers, but never any 
from Division No. 6, of which my 
husband is a member, although I feel 
there is many more competent than I 
am to write an article. I understand 
there is about f ortj^ members, all in 
good social standing ; men that do 
not drink while on duty, and a great 
many do not drink at all. Would not 
that, dear Journal, be a great thing 
to say eight years ago, there were forty 
temperate men on one division of a 
road, a little over three hundred miles 
in length. And what is the cause of 
this change ? The Brotherhood, I am 
sure ! And I for one am proud to be 
the wife and relative of such men. I 
have been acquainted with railroad 
men for years. My father has been 
an employe at one railroad shop for 
twelve years, and my husband and 
two brothers belong to the Brother- 
hood, and one to the Fireman's Union, 
and I take a great interest in their 
welfare ; for I think every wife of an 
engineer ought to encourage her hus- 
band in every good deed, and let them 
know while they are at their danger- 
ous work that we are even watching 
and waiting their safe return ; and 
many a silent prayer goes from my 
lips that God will send my husband 
safe home to my little ones and me. I 
think the Brotherhood a blessed insti- 
tution. God grant it may ever be 
successful, and that your beautiful 
motto may ever remain untarnished. 
Respectfully yours, 

M. E. B. 

Digitized by 





Or, Pcrsereranoe Illustrated. 


A btwy Hare, one summer's day. 

Paused in the shade to rest. 
Near by she saw a Tortoise lay. 

And him she thus addressed : 

* I oft hare thought, my humble friend, 

How wretched you must be. 
How you exist, or to what end, 

I own I cannot see. 

Within some dark and deep retreat 
Your wretched days are passed. 

No scenes to make your dull life sweet 
Their influence round you cast 

But still confined to one dull place. 

Your limbs are never trained 
Like mine to fly with quickest pace, 

You'r Uke a prisoner chained. 
From none that on you're haunts encroach 

Can you e'er flee away. 
To every foe that may approach 

You fUl an easy prey. 

But I can all my foes evade. 
And at all danger smile ; 
WhUe you have barely three steps made 

My feet have run a mile." 
Thus spake the Hare, but calm and cool 

The Tortoise made reply ; 
"No doubt you'll deem me but a fool 

If I your words deny . 
But the old adage still holds place. 

And still its truths we know. 
The swift not always win the race. 

Nor always loose the slow.' 
But though you boast your nimble pace, 

I will a wager lay, 
Ihat in a fair contested race, 

I easily win the day." 
Ho, ho. ha. ha." then laughed the Hare. 

As thus the Tortoise spoke, 
•*My humble fHend, I do declare 

This is a glorious Joke 1 
That you should think, or even dream. 

With such a snale-like pace- 
It cannot be— you would not deem 
To match me in a race I 

But it needs not that you and I 
In words should still contend. 

But let us now the matter try, 
Aud so the contest end." 

''Well, if you desire." the H«^a repliod. 

"With me to still compete. 
No longer be your wish denied, 

m cure your fond conceit 

So let us now our race-course take 

From this sequestered knolL 
Along yon stream, down to the lake. 

And that shall be the goaL 

Why, you could scarce three steps enay. 

Though strive howe'er you might. 
Ere I should shoot along the way. 

And pass beyond your sight. 

And I oould loiter along the course, 

Yet first be at the goal; 
While sloth, despite thy utmost force. 

Should all thy stops oontrol." 

" How easy 'tis." the Tortoise said, 

" To tell what we can do. 
And yet how oft we fail instead. 

Nor prove our boasting true. 

And if you first shall reach that plao^ 
Then all this truth shall know : 

* The swift not always win the race. 
Nor always lose the slow,' " 

At once this offer of the Hate 

The Tortoise did embrace. 
And quickly now they both prepare 

To start upon the race. 

The signal given, with a bound 

The Hare Uke an arrow flies. 
And as she speeds she looks around. 

And to the Tortoise cries: 

** Adieu, my fHend!— use all thy fbroe^ 

For weU I know 'twill take 
Twelve hours for you to make the oonne, 

Andcrawl down to the lake." 

The Hare speeds on, and soon her form 
Is hid from her rival's view ; 

But still he firmly plods along 
With strides slow, steady, true. 

Soon half the oourse the Hare hath i 

And pausing 'neath an oak. 
Whose branches spread a gratefiil shade. 

Thus to herself she gpoke: 

" How idle is this foolish test 

With yon poor simple soul; 
I'll tarry in this ^ade and rest. 

Yet first be at the goaL" 

So 'neath the oak, snug in the grass. 

She curls herself t^ keep 
Watch of her rival if he pass* 

But soon falls fast asleep. 

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Hie Tortoise presses on his way 

With firm, determined will; 
Tuna not aside— makes no delay. 

But onward trudfes stilL 

And thoogh his step is slow, at length 

The tree he passes where. 
Within the shade, stretc hed out at length, 

fle sees the sleeping Hare. 

Bot pausing not, he onward keeps 

His slow, persistent pace; 
Thos, while the Hare so idly sleeps. 

The Tortoise wins the race. 


The leason by this fable taught, 
(This simple tale.) to us is fraught 

With thoughts for all our days: 
Though we at first dash on our way» 
'Tis Pkbsbtsrahce wins the day. 

And claims the meed of praise. 

He who to-day driree on apace. 
But lags to-morrow in the race. 

This truth that man shall know. 
When he reviews life's written scroll; 



Feb. 20fch, 1871. f 
Leir Friend and Brother : 

Yonr welcome letter oame to hand 
in due time, and I now hasten to an- 
swer it. Accept mj most sincere and 
heartfelt thanks for your yery kind 
and sympathetic letter on the occasion 
of my late affliction, and let me as- 
inre yon that I more than appreciate 
yonr kind words. 

I think each and eyery member of 
the Brotherhood have every reason to 
feel prond of the manner in which 
yon and Brother Fellows have trans- 
acted the business of yonr respective 
offices, as the books and f nnds were in 
a most piosperons condition when 
submitted to the Convention for its 
closest scrutiny. I must also acknowl- 
edge that the election of officers was 
conducted on the square, and although 
not to my notion in every particnliur, 
I think the selections made were very 
good, and I for one am willing to 
abide by whatever the majority says. 
From what I read in our little Jourxud, 
I see our F. G. £. is still alive to the 
interests of our order. His letters are 
Tery good and I hope he will continue 

to let us hear from him every month. 
There are very many of our Brothers 
who are well qualified to write an ar- 
ticle for our little book if they would 
only do so, but they prefer reading 
and commenting on what does appear. 
There are many Brothers of our ac- 
quaintance that could assist greatly in 
furnishing items on the locomotive 
engine wmch would be of a great ben- 
efit to a large number of your sub- 
scribers, more especially to the young 
engineers, and also the fireman, who, 
I see, gives us such good advice in 
the last number. But why those 
brothers are silent I am unable to say. 
Some of them have promised me 
to write an article for publica- 
tion, but as yet I have not read it. 
There are some members of mv own 
Division who could write good letters 
for the Journal if they woiOd only try, 
and I hope ere long to have the pleas- 
ure of reading letters from otiier mem- 
bers of 85. As we now stand we are 
behind other Divisions in regard to 
Journal matter, and I hope to see you 
all who can, assist as much as possible. 
If I did not know you were competent 
I should nuw try to have you com- 

Our Insurance list has dropped a 
little and in my effort to raise it I was 
met with tho following objection, 
which I hope some Brother will an- 
swer, as the party who made it is weU 
qualified to write a letter on the sub- 
ject, and in this way perhaps, we can 
draw him out. My friend says, no 
man insures unless he does so for the 
benefit of his family, and no matter 
what his assessments amount to, his 
family are deprived of the use of all 
such money paid for insurance asses- 
ments. But if this man gets expelled 
from the Brotherhood, unless he be 
reinstated within the proper space of 
time, up goes his policy and his wife 
and family are the parties who loose 
by it. Or, in other words, my friend 
thinks when a Brother is expelled his 
policy should not be efiected, so long 
as his wife or any friend pays his as- 

I have given you an outline of his 
objection and will leave it to him to 

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•explain more folly, Bhonld he be asked 
•to do so. 

Everything is working well with us 
and I hope it may long remain so. 
Oar new foreman, Mr. Joseph Mat- 
tingly is a perfect gentlemen and does 
idl in lus power to make things agree- 
able to the engineers, so, with such a 
foreman as Mr. M., and sach a Super- 
intendent as Mr. Ledyard, and I oan*t 
aee why we are not well provided for. 
I will come to a close by again thank- 
ing you for your very kind words of 
consolation, I remain, 

Your Friend and Brother, 
Fbank Alllsqkam, 
F. A. E., Div. 35. 

Bai^tdcobb, ) 

March, 12, 1871. J 
Messrs. Wilson (£ Fellows : 

Dear F&ibnds astd Bbothbbs:— I 
saw a piece in one of the Joubnals 
some time back, where the writer 
wished some old engineer would give 
a little of his experience of railroad- 
ing; I therefore thought I would write 
a few lines, commencing back from the 
time of my first commencing as fire- 
man on the Baltimore and Ohio B. B. 
I commenced the service of this com- 
pany as fireman between Cumberland 
and Harpers, December, 1844, and 
continued in that capacity until Feb- 
ruary, 1816; about that time I was 
shipwrecked by a bridge giving way, 
which caused the engine, tender and 
seven large sized house cars to go 
down with the bridge. The heighth of 
the fall from the track to bottom of 
the creek was about thirty feet. There 
were three of uf went down with the 
wreck, the engineer, second fireman 
and myself, but through the kind 
providence of God who rules the uni- 
verse, we all came off safely with our 
lives, though the second fireman, John 
Bussard, lost his left arm. My engin- 
eer was Mr. John G. Jacobs, who now 
holds a high position on the Illinois 
Central Railroad. Our engine was 
one of the largest class the company 
had at that time; it was an eight wheel 
connected engine, which was a geared 
engine with Spear wheel and pinion. 

with seventeen inch cylinder and 
twenty- four inch stroke, weight of en- 
gine about thirty tons, built by 
Boss Winans, in the city of Balti- 
more, Maryland. The company 
owned twelve of this class of engines. 
When I entered their service they 
only owned about thirty or thirty-five 
engines, all of different builders. All' 
except the above were of a very small 
class. Some were built by Norris of 
Phiadelphia, some by Eastrick & 
Harrison, some by Phinx Davis, in 
Baltimore. Those built by Norris 
were only one driver and truck, with 
ten inch cylinder and twenty-two inch 
stroke. Although these engines were 
small they answered every purpose at 
that day. Those Eastrick & Harrison 
engines had two pair of drivers and 
trucks with twelve inch cylinder and 
twenty-two inch stroke. Those two 
classes of engines were used as passen- 
ger engines; those engines were all 
small in comparison to what thev are 
at this day, though they were plenty 
heavy enough for the travel and busi- 
ness at that time. Then there were 
another class of engines which were 
called the Crab engines which were 
upright boilers and cylinders, ten 
inches by twenty -two inch stroke; 
those were geared with spear wheel and 
Pinion and built by Phinx Davis, Bal- 
timore. One of these engines was 
named after the builder, he was also 
killed by the same engine while the 
same were running on tlieir trial trip. 
All the engines were named at that 
time, though at length the business 
of the road began to increase so rap- 
idly, which required the increase of 
engines so fast, they could not find 
names for them, then they began to 
number them. It is wonderful to see 
the progress that has been made on 
this road in the last twenty six ^eais. 
When I commenced in the service of 
this company the road only extended 
from Baltimore to Cumberland, which 
was but a single track, and from Bal- 
timore to Harper's Ferry as what 
we called string track, with long, 
square timber, six inches by six, wiu 
flat bars of iron, half inch thick by 
two inches wide, spiked on to those 
string pieces, but now we have a 

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double track extending from Balti- 
more to Gamberland, which distance 
is one hundred and seventy-eight 
miles, and all laid with heavy iron 
•cross ties, and all in very good condi- 
tion. There is a very large business 
doing on this road at present. 

My friends, if you think this would 
in any way be interesting to the read- 
era of the J OUBNAL you can have it in- 
serted and if I see this in the Joubnaij 
I will continue to give my experience 
from this place. Our Division is 
getting along very well. I will now 
close for the present I remain, 
Tours Fraternally, 


S. Baltimore Div. 97. 

BiiOOMTNOTON, Feb. 22, 71. 
Messbs. Wilson & Fellows : In 
the February JouBKkij I see a com- 
munication from Division T3, headed 
"Nothing but an Engineer," to which 
I make bold to take exceptions, for in 
its true light there are few occupa- 
tions that afford such a field of thought 
and study as that in which the true 
engineer figures, and I deem it no 
mean task to be nothing but an en- 
gineer. But truth compels me to 
say that the men that act in that 
capacity command but little respect 
from the public at large, and the 
reason is easily given. They have not 
respect enough for themselves. It 
matters not how good an engineer a 
man may^ be, unless he couples with 
that ability, the good qualiticR of 
sobriety, truth, justice and morality ; 
and I can safely say, among western 
engineers, those good qualities are 
sadly lacking, and one great reason 
that I assign for it is this : that the 
population of the western States are 
a migrating people, here .to-day 
and gone to-morrow. No fixed 
place of abode, and in many cases 
men that have become loose and dissi- 
imted in their every day life, have lost 
their situation and come west to look 
for work. I say that this has had a 
great deal to do with demoralizing the 
calling in the western States. But I 
.am glad to say that there is a work of 
eformation going on in all the States, 
nd with such men as Charles Wilson 

and G. Fellows at the helm, I believe 
that the good work will go on. Let 
men spend more of their time and 
money at home with their wives and 
children; let them keep in their 
mind's- eye that promise they made be- 
fore God and man ; to cherish and 
protect that anxious wife that waits 
and watches for his coming. Let him 
prove true to her and worthy of her 
confidence ; and to them that have not 
yet taken a partner for life, I would 
say that I know of some that would 
do well to do so instead of setting 
around comer groceries and leading 
the reckless and dissipated life that 
they now do. If they would adopt 
this course it would have more of a 
tendency to raise them in the estima- 
tion of their fellow men, and to raise 
their pay that they are always howl- 
ing about, than all the strikes and 
balls that could be got up. It is not 
merely because they are engineers and 
working men that the public treat 
them with coldness. If their every 
day deportment is as it should be the 
importance of the position that they 
occupy would place them in a favor- 
able and conspicuous light before the 
public ; and since no man is bound by 
nature to support another, therefore 
it is the duty of every one to work* 
There is an exception to this rule, in 
the case of those who from nature or 
accident are unable to work, these 
come under the head of charity. The 
lesson which the old Greek said he had 
learned how to be free— to work^ia 
now the privilege of the American 
people to learn, for by your works you 
shaU be known. Ana now in con- 
cluding my remarks, I will say to the 
true and worthy disciple of the 
throttle, long life to you, and may 
success attend your efforts while pass- 
ing o*er the railroad of life, and at 
the close of a slashing run or a weU- 
spent evening in a division room, just 
think of one who would fain have been, 
there, and remember that as long a 
you are true in the faith and staunch 
m the principle, you have a friend 
ever, and willing servant in 

Yours fraternally, 

Opbn to Conviction, Drv. 19. 

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Jfwsr«. Wilson dt FeUows ; 

I was yery much pleased with a 
piece in the Jannary number, entitled 
* 'Nothing but an Engineer." As our 
Brother said how often do we hear the 
remark he is nothing but an engineer ; 
or that 5he is nothing but an engineers 
wife. Often have we been called to 
blush and choke baok the angry reply 
that would rise to our lips as we have 
heard the slurs oast upon our husbands 
or those of his companions. 

It matters not how kind or noble he 
may be, or if he be gifted with the 
highest of €k>d's gifts, and he is mas- 
ter of one of those iron chariots which 
are said to roll through the world in 
the latter days ; with all its grandeur 
of life and beauty, heis eyer the same, 
nothing but an engineer. 

The people generally do not wish to 
associate with the engineer, because 
his hands are black, his face is dirty 
and his coat is greasy. But there is 
many a true and noble heart that beats 
beneath that greasy coat, and one 
thing we should remember that God 
looketh not at the oatward appearance 
of man but at the heart 

Hoping that as our Brothers haye 
their eyes open to the fact, that they 
are, by the community at large, looked 
down upon, and as they haye laid the 
comer stone of their adyancement, to 
something higher, may they gain for 
themselyes a reputation, that will last 
when they shall cease to be no more, 
and we, as their wiyes, do all in our 
power to aid them in the good way in 
which they are trying to walk, may we 
at all times haye an encouraging word 
for them striyingto work for their 
best interest, rememberiug that the 
time is fast approaching when the en- 
gineer will rise high in the estimation 
of the people, and those who are now, 
and haye cast reproaches upon them, 
will be glad to cultlyate the acquaint- 
4Uioe and society of those who are con- 
sidered nothing but engineers. 

But we haye one comforting thought 
that God looketh upon us with the 
same degree of loye as those of our 
fellow beings, and is just as ready to 
hear and answer the prayer of the en- 

Sneer, as the physician's or lawyer's, 
ehas said in his word, *'he that 

Cometh unto me, I will in no wise cast 
him out'* God has no respect to 
persons. Look unto him and he will 
surely bear your call, and will assist 
you in whateyer is right Whateyer yon 
do, first ask God's blessing upon it, 
and if asked aright you will prosper. 

If the engineer who stood so nobl^ 
at his post, and went down with his 
engine at the late New Hamburg dis- 
aster could speak to you, he would teU 
you to seek first the Kingdom of 
Keayen, and all things needful would 
be added thereunto. Oh, how im- 
portant that men, holding such posi- 
tions should be men fearing God, and 
working righteousne ss . Brethren this 
is the will of God, that by well doing 
ye put to silence the ignorance of 
foolish men, be as his senrants, honor 
all men ; loye the Brotherhood and 
fear God . Wishing much success to 
105, I bid you good bye. 

B. M. 

North Plattb, Neb,, Jan. 24, 1871. 
Messrs; Wilson eft Fellows: 

As the proceedings relating to the- 
Engineer Mutual Insurance ousiness 
has not yet appeared in the Joubnai>, 
the members are left in the dark as to 
any new rules, if any there be. It is 
to be hoped the Delegates acted upon 
the suggestion of President Sherman, 
in his address in the Gonyention, that 
a limit should be put upon the amount 
to be paid at death. I, as a member, 
now think that $2500, is sufficient and 
should be made the maximum ; also a 
Charter, should be got, and then a 
fund accumulated which would, in a 
few years, assist to pay the claims. It 
is eyident that a great many of the 
members of the Brotherhood keep- 
out of the Insurance on accouct of its 
supposed instability; this feeling 
could be yery easily remoyed, when a 
great influx of members would take 
place; then with the limited amount 
to be paid, the assessments in the ag- 
gregate would grow beautifully less, 
and with a good fund, could be almost 
made self sustaining. It is clear that 
with the increase of members, as now 
constituted, the risk also increases; by 
limiting the amount to be paid the as- 

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sesBment deoreafies. I would suggest 
that the W. & O. & D. M. Fund, 
which by the way, has been practioal- 
ly superseded by the insurance, and 
will some day create trouble in the 
ranks of tne Brotherhood, be made a 
nucleus for the fund to be established ; 
this appears to me a good solution of 
what IS to be done with the money, 
and tend to realize a consolidation of 
the Insurance with the Brotherhood, 
which ought to be the case. I hope 
our worthy President and Secretary 
wUi moTe in the matter soon, and 
by a vote of all Insurance Members 
see what can be done towards carry- 
ing out the suggestion in his annual 
address. Hoping to hear from others 
touching this matter, I remain, 

Fraternally Yours, 
AijExandrb Stewabt. 

Charles Wilson, Esq.: — 

Deab Sib : — I have thought many 
times of the promise I made you to 
write something for your valuable and 
interesting magazine. The more I 
look at your enterprise, the more lam 
convinced of the benefit of your or- 
ganization to yourselves, the railway 
interest, and the general public. 
There can be no question of the im- 
portance of elevating the standard of 
morality, honor and religion — among 
working men, and^above all, among lo- 
comotive engineers. I can see no rea- 
son in the world why a working me- 
chanic should not be as much a gen- 
tleman, and as much respected as any 
one el^e. I, myself, worked for years 
at the bench, and I have many times 
had sitting beside me men of the high- 
est culture and education, and have 
been in conversation with them while 
at my work. This, to be sure, is not 
practicable in all cases ; but then I be- 
UeTe it to be almost a universal rule, 
that all men are what they make them- 
selves. The locomotive eogineer 
needs to be, of all men, like the cap- 
tain of a ship— cool, self-possessed, 
and clear-headed; and whUe on his 
engine, his mind should be solely di- 
rected to his duties, with his eye on 
the track, and his faculties clear as a 
bell, and ready to do the best thing 

the instant the necessity arises. The 
locomotive engineer should realize 
that behind him is a large battering- 
ram, of irresistible power for destruc- 
tion. Its force for destruction is enor- 
]!hous ; upon him depends the signals, 
or, perhaps, directly the power to 
bring the retarding appliances into ac- 
tion. Seconds of time are often worth 
hundreds of thousands in money, and 
perhaps the saving in tears and an- 
gisish, to a hundred households. 

How priceless then the value of a 
dear head, a steady nerve, and un- 
ceasing watchfulness. 

I think it a good plan for an engi- 
neer to ask the conductor and brake- 
men often the question if the brakes 
are all right Let him thoroughly 
rely in himself, and inculcate the truth 
to those behind him, that there is al- 
ways danger. It is said in politics 
that eternal vigilance is the price of 
liberty. On railway trains, this is the 
correct rendering * "Eternal watch- 
fulness is the price of safety I*' 

It is stated that in the late terrible 
accident at New Hamburgh, the un- 
fortunate Doc. Simmons said, '*Nick, 
it is time to put on those patents." 

Would to heaven he had realized 
this truth a little earlier, and put on 
the patents himself ; his own life would 
have been saved, and many others, 
also, and untold sorrow to numerous 

What a sad lesson to every man that 
treads the foot- board ! Let all heed its 
severe warning. 

If your train is provided with brakes 
similar to those for years in use on the 
Hudson River, see to it that your rope 
leads direct to your hand ; that it is in 
readiness for instant use; that no en- 
tangling knots or small thimbles ob- 
struct its free course; and at the in- 
stant of danger, pull it with your ut- 
most strength, that done, and your en- 
gine reversed, if the collision is yet in- 
evitable, jump for your life !— it is 
suicide for you to remain--you can do 
nothing more, and it is idle to throw 
away your life. Every disaster of the 
kind is terrible ; but yet it is not with- 
out its lessons. Heed them, I beg of 
yon. Forewarned is forearmed. 


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The Orphan Girl. 

Driven by windiand dronehed with the rain. 
The fatherless orphan girt tmdges along. 

Bearing her harden of neatly ironed clothes 
To those to whom the nioe garmenu belong. ^ 

Nevm a murmur escapes ftom her lips. 
Though pinched with hanger, and porple with 

And she tries to stifle her troublesome cough. 
To keep from her mother the secret untold. 

** Where is your father, my child, that you 
Must leave the warm fire on a day like this?" 

Then Mary replied: *' My father is dead— 
And they say he has gone to a world of bliss. 

*'He fell in the winter of '63- 

Just as the battle was nearly o'er; 
They buried him there in that southern land. 

And we shall see our dear father no more. 

** I wish we could go where Ihther has gone. 
For there all tears are wiped away; 

And there is no hunger, nor sieknees, nor death. 
In the happy land where the angels stay. 

*'And there is no washing to do up there— 
And mother will have such a good long rest; 

I tell her so when t see her so tired- 
She smiles, and tells me, *the Lord knoweth 

Brave little heart! so patient and kind— 
Always remembering a mother's advice! 

Though poor, she finds in her darling child 
A prize that is precious beyond all price. 

And I prayed in my heart for the fatherless child. 

And for the widow so sadly forlorn— 
That both may be cherished and blessed by the 
Who **tempereth the winds to the lamb that is 

CoLCMBua, Ohio, March, 1871. 

Meetlngrs of Birlslons. 

AiiTOONA, March, 1871. 

Bbotubbs :— Do you wonder why 
members attend so seldom at our 
meeting, or that yon know so little 
about tnem ? And do yon fail to see 
why the meetings are so uninteresting 
ftt times ? 

Yon answer, "All societies are so." 
To those persons whose motive for 
joining has been that of cariosity, this 
reason may be satisfactory. As soon 

as they obtain the object for which 
they joined, they are satisfied, and 
like a child with a toy, they fail to re- 
cognize in the work anything beyond 
a play to please the fancy for an hour, 
and then find rest in snblime indiffer- 
ence, nntil something exciting takes 
place. Others say there is little to in- 
terest, bat then it is a good place to 
g ass an hour, aikd their ambition to 
nd some mode to <*kill time" having 
been attained, they recognize in it an 
institution for the benefit of idlers. 
To them, their reason is satisfactory. 
Others join for the name— a title of 
some kind is indispensable to their 
happiness— and the B. of L. E.'' is as 
good as any, and in nine cases out of 
ten, if they get it, their longing for 
notoriety is satisfied, and they stop 
where they began— with the name. 
All attempts at progress are failures. 
I have got the name, say they, without 
much trouble, I will be content. This 
class recognize the name only, and to 
them their reasons are satisfactory. 

Others still, enroll their names upon 
the scroll of honor, because they wish 
to gratify their ambition to Imow a 
little of everything. Their reason is 
conclusive and satisfactory. Becog- 
nizing the meaning of the adage, "the 
more the merrier," their cup of happi- 
ness is full. 

There are vet others who become 
connected with our institution from a 
firm conviction that they are just the 
persons we are looking for, and a Di- 
vision failing to recognize the honor 
that would be conferred upon it, and 
the superior advantages to be gained 
by their connection with it, stands in 
its own light. These drones in the 
world's busy hive, finding they must 
work, or be kicked out of it, recognize 
in the Order, the penny already laid 
up for a rainy day. 

But there are those who recognize 
the true object of the Brotherhood, 
and to them we look for the true rea- 
son. To them the meetings are al- 
ways interesting— time flies so rapidly 
away that no effort is required to im- 
prove its lagging moments. Hear 
them say, "We meet for mutual coun- 
sel and the elevation of human char- 
acter 1** — motives broad enough to in- 

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spire the hearfc of ihe moBt zealons 
adrocate of philanthropy, and remu- 
neration enoagh to satisfy the most 
miserly — and for want of an opportu- 
nity, no lack is had. 

Bat what do they recognize in each 
other ? an acquaintance ? Nay, more ! 
a Brother ! — and if all could compre- 
hend this simple assertion, upon which 
the Order is built, it would become a 
fraternity so strong, and an institution 
so broad, that it would embrace all, 
and the hand of Time could never de- 
stroy it 

That something is needed often- 
times to enliven and encourage, is not 
to be denied, but we have not to go 
far to find the remedy. There are 
contained in the teachings of the Or- 
der, enough U* interest for a lifetime, 
if they are but studied. If we wish 
to understand its objects clearly, a 
faithful recognition of its fundamental 
principles must be observed, and this 
cannot be without careful investi- 
gation. Show me a Division where 
these principles are not recognized by 
any of its members, and I will show 
you a Division whose meetings are 
poorly attended, the work miserably 
slighted, and its ability for accom- 
plishing good, utterly destroyed. And 
if ^ou point me to one where these 
principles are only partly observed, 
you will see one whose every step to- 
ward advancement has t>een retarded 
by neglect ; one side of the body may 
have been warm, while the other was 
freezing, its capability for accomplish- 
inggood, painfully crippled. Now, let 
OS look at one where the objects for 
which it was instituted are clearly de- 
fined, its principles recognized and 
understood, and we shall see a Division 
whose resources are ample and able, 
in the fullest sense, to accomplish its 

Bespectfully Tours, W. S. 
Division 44, B of L. £. 

Michigan Oitt, ) 
March 15, 71. \ 
Dear Brothers: 

It is a long time since I have put 
pen t o paper to write to you— not be- 
cause you were forgotten, or the work 

we are engaged in less near or dear to 
me— but on account of feeble health, 
which has at times allowed me barely 
strength to do what little writing I 
was compelled to do. 

I have often thought, during the 
past winter, that I should never **pull 
throttle" again, and even now it is far 
from certain that such will not be the 
fact *, but I am hopeful, and do not 
despair. I have not done any work 
since the 15 th of November, and shall 
not attempt it until ppring is fairly 

I am glad to see that you are laying 
a burning hand upon the evil of in- 
temperance. Do not, I beg of you, 
cease to agitate the matter through 
the JouBNAL. I fear the evil is onthe 
increase in many places, and Divisions 
are reluctant to "seize the bull by the 
horns'*; because, in too many cases, 
the victims are old and prominent 
members of the order, who have at- 
tained an honorable name and position 
on the road, through long years of 

I tremble for such Brothers, as I see 
theBiilroad Oompanies drawing the 
lines still closer, and demanding total 
abstinence of those in charge of 

I have not time to say more at pres« 
ent ; accept my regards, 

Yours, £. H. Mitchell. 

Ahbot. March 16, 1871. 
My Dear Friends : 

Be not weary in well-doing ; if a few 
come short, shall all grow discour- 
aged ? Not by any means. Cheer up I 
you that are striving for ike right; 
you cannot expect all sunshine I *<Am 
I my brother's keeper !" comes home 
to us all, in Brother Wilson's letter of 
this month. Let us read what Web- 
ster says 'of the woid "charity," and 
strive to fullfil its meaning. We shall 
not "put our light under a bushel, '' if 
we do . This little journal has become 
of great interest to me. I love to read 
the letters from its contributors. It 
teaches us one of life's dearest lessons: 
"Bear each others burdens." 

H . 

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Des Moinbs, March 15th, 1871. 

Brother Wilson and FBiiLOWs : — I 
am very much amused at the engineer 
story in the March No. of the JoubnaIj 
entitled ^'A Ghost on the Tender." 
He fthe engineer) begins in this way : 
** I Delieve there is no class of people 
who owe their safety so much to that 
strange sympathy which exists be- 
tween Nature and Man, as the looomo- 
tiye engineer. His nerves are con- 
stantly wrought up to so tense a pitch 
of excitement as to render him pecu- 
liarly sensiiiye to the slightest premo- 
nition of danger ;'' and my theory is, 
that every man who runs a locomotive 
should have this highly-strung, finely- 
wrought organization. 

Now, the Brother who wrote this 
must be one of that class of excitable 
engineers who are always jumping up 
and down from one side of the engine 
to the other ; can't sit nor stand still, 
keep the fireman in a constant stew, 
try the water every eighth of a mile, 
put the pump on, then try the water 
and turn the pump off again, and so 
on the length of the road ; and as 
soon as it is dark, they think some- 
thing dreadful is going to happen, and 
imagining they see the ghost of some 
poor old Mrs. McOarthy, or some 
other hobgoblin, they begin to grow 
uneasy and cold chuls creep down 
their spine — for I don't think that 
class of engineers have any backbone. 

He also says that Dutch devil of a 
fireman tampered with the engine, 
so that he could not get any further 
than Eyota by the time it was dark. 
Now, 1 think if that engineer was a 
man that understood his business, the 
Dutch devil could not bother him 
enough to have the train stop at a 
given point at a given time, so as to 
play off with a broken ankle. 

Now, Brothers, my opinion has al- 
ways been that a man of this kind is 
not a safe man to run an engine on 
the road. They wiU do on a pinch to 
run a switch-engine, but I would not 
want them for that, as long as there 
are plenty of men that are not of so 
excitable a nature. 

I think the Brother must attend 
spiritual meetings and read dime nov- 
els, in order to get his imagination 

worked up to so tense a pitch as he re- 
fers to. 

He also savs when he found Mrs. 
McCarthy on her dyin^ bed, he thought 
it was the kindest thing he could do 
to take Jimmy with him. I presume 
it was, for haa he not done so, I don't 
think her ghost would have appeared 
to him at the wood- pile to warn him 
of the obstruction th^t he speaks of 
being caused by the infernal Dutch 
rascal, as the writer is pleased to call 
the fireman. 

Again, he says that if Mrs. McCarthy 
ever appears to him again and com- 
mands him to stop — notwithstanding 
he thinks but little of woman's rights 
— he shall obey her, if he can, even if 
he is running a lightning train down 
a grade at the rate of a mile in thirty 
seconds. Now, I have no doubt but 
he will ; for I don't think he has the 
backbone or moral courage enough to 
ever run half that fast. Should he 
ever have the temerity to do so, he 
will see a hundred ghosts. 

Again, he says while we were all 
busy trying to make him (the fireman) 
comfortable, one of his accomplices 
bad disabled the car. I^ow, I would 
like to have him tell me for the bene- 
fit of all the Brothers out here, how he 
went to work to brake a tyre on a car 

Now, my opinion is, that the writer 
of the ghost story would, perhaps, 
make a better detective than he does 
an engineer, and I would advise the 
officers of that road to pay him a liv- 
ing salary to act as detective for thenu 

The Brothers of Division No. 63, 
B. L. E., must feel very much flat- 
tered by having it dedicated to them. 

Verv respectfully, yours, 

C.8. B., Division 113. 

NoTF, — The fireman put the wo6d in 
wrong side up, and thus prevented the 
engine from making steam. The 
broken "tyre" should be flange; en- 
gines and cars were di^f^^led in that 
way during the war. ILe engineer 
was raised in England, and shouM be 
excused for no*^^ being posted fully on 
wood or iyre. He is good on j^hosts. 

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Mason Citt, Iowa, Maroh 7. 
Editobs ^Jousnaii : As this is the 
first time I have tried to make the ac- 
qnaintanoe of yoorself and the readers 
of yonr valaable joarnal, I will make 
no excuse for incompetency or lack of 
words to express my meaning, but 
simply say that my greatest desire and 
most earnest prayers are for the safety 
of the railroad engineer. I have a 
very great interest in one, and that 
calls forth loTe and respect for all his 
brother engineers, for truly they seem 
as a band of brothers, each wimng to 
share each other*s trouble, and are 
ever ready to be a friend to the loved 
ones, should he be taken from them, 
and is he not always in danger while 
on duty of loosing that precious life so 
dear to those at home, who so anx- 
iously await his coming. But like the 
heroic Simmons he may never be per- 
mitted to reach that home only as a 
mangled corpse. May God in his 
mercy forgive those that would, for 
one moment, cast reproach on the 
brave engineer, that would so willingly 
sacrifice his life rather than desert his 
post. I would that all locomotive en- 
gineers were as true christians as they 
are noble and brave, how sweet would 
be their reward, and who deserve it 
more i^an they. I love to read those 
letters from engineers expressing their 
belief in a savior; it shows to the world 
that they can be christian men just as 
well running a locomotive as in any 
other occupation. I will leave you by 
asking heaven's choicest blessings to 
rest upon the Brotherhood, and may 
all locomotive engineers be blessed 
with long lives and happy homes is 
the prayer of the 


Feb. 2nd, 1871. 

Deab Journal :— Having read your 
last with pleasure, and not seeing anv 
communication from here, I will fill 
a little comer if you have one to 
spare. I wish some one from Divis- 
ion 72 would write something that 
would interest aU, 

Now I am wasting time, ink and pa- 
per. Tou would do well if you would all 
keep your motto, Sobriety, Truth, 
JoBtieea&d Morality, but what will 

become of Sobriety if they let their en- 
gineers, when they lay off on account 
of ill health, keep a saloon. If the 
man is well liked he will get more of 
the men's hard earned wages thaA 
some that they did not care for. I 
think it is a sin to let such men be 
members. If I was a man and an en- 

gineer he would walk out of that Bil- 
ard Parlor, or out of tnat Lodge- 
room door for good. 

Brother Wilson, if I have written 
too strong on the subject, don't print 
this, but it is not half as strong as I 

I think that note you put at the bot- 
tom of Warren Station's last was well 
put in. I hope to have many a spicv 
letter from her and Clara, but don't 
quarrel any more. 

H. B. A. enquires what has become 
of C. E. Echo answers, where ! 

Faib Flat. 

Gkand Bapids, Mioh., \ 
March 6th, 1871./ 
Kbssbs. Editobs:— I have come 
this morning right into your sanctum 
sanctorum, just to have five minutes' 
chat with you and ^our readers (al- 
ways with your permission, of course.) 
I do think the Joubnal is a « jewel," 
and I could not resist telling you so. 
Why, I scarcely permit my hasband to 
even look sideways at it until I have 
read it myself. ''Bather selfish,'' you 
say ? Frobably so : I shall not dis- 
pute. (I must confess, " under the 
rose," I don't dare to with a real live 
editor, you know.) But my excuse 
must be, you make it so interesting, I 
really cannot help it I have been 
reading in the Jan. No. of this year, 
and, among others, have particularly 
noticed and admired the letters of C. 
H. Sherman and << Fireman.'* They 
are eminently deserving of the highest 
respect from the Brothers, for their 
words to them are *' pearls beyond 
price." Such writers are making the 
jOTTBNAL what it IS : a Grodsend to the 
many. I do not think there is an engi- 
neer who reads this little book that is 
not made better by it ; benefited by 
its sound practical advice, and cheered 
and ennobled by the many beautiful 
thoughts that emanate from the pens 

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of those who write in eympathy with 
them. And, poor fellows, they stand 
in need of cheer and sympathy, for 
their life is at best a hard and stormy 
one, their path by no means smooth 
or pleasant ; and if now and then a 
weiJs: and erring Brother yields to 
temptation and falters by the wayside, 
deal not too harshly with him, but 
with kind and generons hands and 
pitying hearts, help him and guide him 
on the way, until with you he reaches 
the standard upon which you have in- 
scribed your noble motto, * ' Sobriety, 
Truth, Justice and Morality." 

I should like to write more, but 
must no longer trespass upon your 
time, or, I fear, you may not ask me 
to call again. So, good morning, and 
God speed the Brotherhood. 


Charles Wilson, Q, C. E: 

DsAB Sib: — I have just finished 
reading tiie March number of your 
journsJ, and although it is^ nearly 
al\fays interssting, I think this num- 
ber more so than common. The ar- 
ticle from your pen, under the head 
of "Complaints," and also other ar- 
ticles which have appeared in previous 
numbers, on the same subject, have 
treated the question in such a bold, 
' manly, straghtforward, common seivse 
manner, that I cannot resist the tempt- 
ation to write you a few lines of en- 
couragement in the good work in 
which jou are engaged, and to show 
you tiiat your efforts are noticed and 
appreciated by at least one who is not 
a member of your order. I am glad 
you haye the courage to speak out as 
boldly, and plainly, as you do, on the 
subject of temperance, or rather in- 
temperance, but I am sorry there is 
any necessity for it, but there is no 
use in trying to conceal the fact or to 
treat it in any other way than the one 
you have chosen. If throwing grass 
won't do any good you must try 
stones. But there are other vices 
nearly, or quite as degrading and de- 
moralizing as that of whiskey drinking, 
and which oftentimes, though not 
always, go hand in hand together with 
the latter. Why not devote a little 
spaca to them once in a while, or do 

you think whiskey drinking th& 
greater evil, and that the greater in- 
cludes the less, and the surest way to 
kill the branches is to dry up the 
roots ? It seems to me that the 
Brotherhood is carrying a ''dead 
weight" which it cannot afford to carry 
and which it cannot carry very long, 
and that it must weed out and purify 
itself from such incumbrances, or be 
swamped by them. But I am touchirg 
on rather delicate ground and for fear 
that you may think it an impertinence 
in me I will stop. 

Respectfully yours, 
Peobia, Ilii. a. White. 


March, 6, 1871, J 
Brothers Wilson & Fellows : 

I suppose you have come to the 
conclusion that Division No. 109 haa 
been doin^ nothing for some time, 
especially m reference to communica- 
tions for the JouBNAii, while jou, hear 
from so man^ of our sister divisions. 
But while tlus is the case with us in 
that direction, we have been up and 
doing in other directions. You will 
be a little surprised when I tell you 
that Division No. 109 has had one of 
the best entertainments ever held in 
Bordentown by any association. It 
was a concert given in the Park Street 
Opera House, on Thursday evening, 
the 23rd of February 1871. 

As soon as the doors were open the 
people were ready to crowd in, and be- 
fore the hour of commencement every 
seat in the house was occupied and 
nearly every foot of standing room, 
ta^en ^p. 

The performance was given by the- 
Irma and Batohelor's Combination of 
Philadelphia, which consisted of sen- 
timental and comic singing with piano 
accompaniment. The audience ap- 
peared to be pleased with the efforts 
of the performers and encores were- 
frequent. The members of the com- 
bination understood their respective 
parts and passed through their pro- 
gramme without a baulk. 

The Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers may congratulate them- 
selves upon the remarkable success of 

Digitized by 




this their first effort for Division No. 
109, as it proved that their friends 
are nnmerons, their Division respected 
and their peciiliar claims on the public 
appreciated. We netted one hundred 
and seventy dollars clear of all ex- 
penses, and the Division returns their 
warmest thanks to the entire commu- 
nity of Bordentown, as well as to their 
Idnd friends elsewhere, for the ex- 
tremely liberal manner in which they 
patronized the Brotherhood Concert 
on the evening of the 23rd ult 

Now a word to the Brothers: Let 
each endeavor to live up to our pro- 
fession, seeing the public appreciate 
in some degree the worth of our or- 
ganization, and as our motto is Sobri- 
ety, Truth, Justice and Morality, and 
oar rule is to do unto others as we 
vFould have others do unto us, and so 
fnlfil the law; let us show to our 
railroad officials that we, as an Asso- 
ciation of Engineers, bound together 
by the laws of our institution, that 
our object is pure and that we do en- 
force the Constitution whenever nec- 
essary to do so, ivithout respect to per- 
son. It is a fact that sometimes a 
Brother will indulge in things that is 
not becoming to a man, and we not 
Imow anything about it until the offi- 
cials apprises us of it, then it is too 
late ; and some of our Brothers are 
afraid to tell when they see and know 
that a Brother has committed an of- 
fense, and by so doing our organiza- 
tion is crippled. It is the duty of 
every Brotner that knows, or should it 
come to his knowledge that a Brother 
has acted wrong, to bring the matter 
before the Division and the Division 
to investigate it and if the Brother is 
foxmd guHtj, to punish him according 
to our laws. 

Fraternally Tours, 

Jebsby Bot. 

MABrmsBtTBO, Div. No. 38, B. of K K 

The Venemous Wonn out venoms all : all the 
of the Nile." 

Who has not heard of the rattle- 
snake or copperhead ? An unexpected 
Bight of either of these reptiles will 
make even the Lords of creation re- 
coil ; but there is a species of worm 

found in various parts of the State, 
which conveys a poison of a nature so 
^deadly, that compared to it even the 
rattlesnake is harmless. To guard our 
readers ap^ainst this foe of human kind 
is the object of the writer. 

This worm varies much in size. It 
is frequently an inch in diameter, but 
as it is rarely seen except when coiled^ 
its length can hardly be conjectured. 
It is of a dull lead color, and generally 
lives near a spring or small stream of 
water and bites the unfortunate people 
who are in the habit of going there to 
drink. The brute creation it never 
molests. They avoid it with the same 
instinct that teaches the animals of 
Peru to shun the the deadly Coya. 
Several of these reptiles have long in- 
fested our settlements to the misery 
and destruction of many of our fellow 
citizens. I have therefore had frequent 
opportunities of being themelancholly 
spectator of the effects produced by 
the subtle poison which this worm 
infuses. The symptoms of its bite are 
terrible. The eyes of the patient be- 
comes red and firey, his tongue swells 
to an immoderate size and obstructs 
his utterance ; delirium of the worst 
character quickly follows, sometimea 
in his madness he attempts the destruc- 
tion of his nearest friends ; if the 
sufferer has a family his wife and help- 
less infants are not unfrequently the 
objects of his frantic fuiy ; in a word 
he exhibits to the life all the detesta- 
ble passions that rankle in the bosom 
of a savage ; and such is the spell in 
which his senses are looked that no 
sooner has the unhappy patient re- 
covered from the paroxysm of insanity 
occasioned by the bite, than he seeks 
out the destroyer for the sole purpose 
of beiuff bitten again. I have seen a 
good old father, his looks as white as 
snow, his steps slow and trembling, 
beg in vain of his son to quit the 
lurking place of the worm. My heart 
bled when he turned away, for I knew 
the fond hope that his son would be 
the staff of his declining years, had 
supported him through many a sorrow. 

Youths and men of America, would 
you know the name of this reptile f It 
18 called the worm of the still. 

J. V. W. 

Digitized by 



LoooHonvE BNammBS' 

Sfbingfisd, Mass. March 14. 
Messrs. Wtlson ft Fellows: 

Dbab 8ibs: — ^The March number 
came to-day, and I think it contains 
a couple of excellent articles by J. B. 
8wett ; in fact I think the Jottbnaii 
keeps improving. I have been preach- 
ing this doctrine all winter, lending 
back volumes to show the great gain 
made in rhetorical and editorial abil- 
ity, and have wondered and rejoiced 
that a magazine that makes no preten- 
tions to number distinguished writers 
among its contributors, which is not 
numbered among the **Book Notices*' 
of any of the leading periodicals should 
have lived so long, and increased 
steadily in excellence, while so many 
more pretentious literary ventures of 
the day have failed. And all of a 
sudden comes the astounding state- 
ment that ' 'another year like the last 
and saltpetre won't save it ; and the 
wind is all out of my sails at once. It 
is true the Joubkal has faults of rhet- 
oric ; that sound idea are clothed in 
badly constructed sentences or halting 
rhyme, but it is also true that the im- 
provement in this respect has been 
marvelous. For standard literature 
there are plenty of other magazines, 
and let those who have access to scien- 
tific works compile interesting articles 
and send them along. As far as I am 
concerned, I make no pretensions 
to marked literary abihty ; but hav- 
ing a liking for my pen, have writ- 
ten more or less, sometimes for 
fun, and sometimes for something 
more substantial. My efforts for the 
Journal are prompted by the greatest 

rod will and desire to help the cause, 
should like to make them better, 
and when any of these smart chaps who 
are always telling what sort of matter 
the JoTTBNAL should contain, will be 
pleased to send along some of these 
articles, I for one will be happy to 
step one side and yield the space I 
have occupied to tiiem, and rejoice 
that the Joubnaii has gained such lit- 
erary ability. I know some of us are 
not very smart Some of our readers 
turn up their noses and say, "I can 
do better than that myself." But why 
under the sun don't they do it ? We 
only wish they would. 

But don't you believe the Journal 
stands in need of saltpetre ; instead of 
resorting to that, let us endeavor to 
keep it /res?i as possible. As this is a 
business letter, not intended for pub- 
lication, it is about time I came to 
business, and ask you to send me a 
couple of March Journals, for which 
I send the money, as I by no means 
intend to get them for nothing. 
Very truly yours, 

H. A. PooiiB. 

LocomotiTe Engineers' Mataal Life 
Insurance Association* 

Port JiBvia, N. Y.. March 1, 1871. 

To the Secretary ani Tr^agurer of Dioinon No 

' Yoa will please notify membon of tbisAtto- 
ciAtton that we are now prepared to issae new 
certificate! of membership, as soon as thtj oan 
be filled oat and registered after reoelying appli> 
cations for the same. Division Secretary's are 
requested to make up lists of their members, 
giving each man's name, and the name of the 
person or party to whom nis certificate shall be 
made payable, and forward the same to the Gen- 
eral Secretaiy with as little delay as possible. 

This work was partly done by some of the 
Divisions nearly two years ago, but the lists then 
made up were many of them incomplete, and so 
many changes have since been made that it will 
now be necessary to make np new lists. 

The names of parties that are scattered at » 
distance from their Divisions, can be obtidned 
and sent in ailer the lists are forwarded if ne- 
oessary. Members that have already designated 
to whom their certificates shall be made payable 
and have been so registered, will stand as they 
are and new certificates will be made payable the 
same as the old ones, unless otherwise ordered. 
All applications for certificates and directions in 
regard to filling them out must be m%de throoffh 
the Division Secretary's. A new Register will 
be made up by the Qeneral Secretary, as theoer^ 
tificates are issued. 

The numbers and business of the Afsoeiatioii 
has increased to such an extent, and the perma- 
nency of the organisation is now so well assured 
that we deem it necessary to arrange all our ac- 
counts and records in the most thorough and sys> 
tematic manner. Division Secretary s are pMr- 
tifiularly requested to be prompt and accurate in 
making collections and remittances and in keep- 
ing the accounts and records of the Asooiationin 
their respective divisionr. Whenever Books or 
I'apers are needed for this purpose, please notify 
the General Secretary and they will be supplied 
or instructions given in regard to procuring the 

You are also requested to be more particular in 
complying with Article IX. of the By-Laws, 
when the death of a member of the Association 
occurs, and notify both the President and Gen- 
eral Secretary of the same. 

The Annual Report for 1870 will be made «|^ 
and ready for distribution in a few days. 

Please distribute this circular amongst the 
members of this Aaooiation. 

C. H. Shebmah. PreBident. 

Fravk Abbott, Seo.'y and Treas.'r. 

Digitized by 




Bbooktilli, Kansas, Feb., 1871. 
liBMrt. W3mi% and FeOow: 

DiAB Sns AND BsoTHiBS:— Will you pleue al- 
loir mea small space in your jownal. that I may 
exoneimto the omoen, engioeers and myself, of 
(he Kansas Paeiflc railway, fttim the slanderoiu 
reports that have been iroing the rounds ef the 
pn» in Illinois and Bfissouri, in rMard to the 
condition of the remains of brother .uimes Bax- 
ter, an engineer that was killed on the third dis- 
trict of the Kansas Padfie Railwur, December 20, 
1^ and the manner in which his remains were 
sent to his relatiyes and &mily in Huntsville. 

Brother Baxter was a young man of steady and 
tsmperale habits, and a member of Brookfield 
Mo, DiTfaion No. 29. He had been in the employ 
of the ffanwii Pfeeifle Railway Gomnany as loco- 
motive ensineer about five months. On the 
morning of December 20, he was running the 
third and rear engine on a large snow plow. Af- 
ter dearing about Ibnrteen miles of the track, 
firom some oaose or other he became frightened, 
kaped from his engine, and roiled down an em- 
haiubnent of several fset, and from the iujuries 
raeeivedU died in about one hour. There was no 
aeeident to any of the engines, and no wounds 
nceiTed by any 000 else* and it will alwajrs re- 
main a mystery why he left his engine. The 
imsi^iiiifir timin was following eioee in the wake 
of the snow plow, with Superintendent B. Blar- 
ihel on board. Immediately alter theaeoident 
oceurred, he ordered the tram back to Fort Har- 
ksr, about seventeen miles distant, the nearest 
It when medical assistance could be obtained. 

before arriving at the Fort, **the silver chord 

was louoed, the golden bowl brokeiu"— Brother 

point when medical assistance could be obtained. 

Ctfc " " 

was louoed, the golden bowl brokeiu"— Br 

Baxter was dead. Superintendent Marshal then 
and there gave orders to the agentand Dr. Fryer, 
tbehoepital surnon, to have the remains prop- 
er6r washed and dressed, and placed in a metaue 
bflrial ease, then to be deposited in the Dead 
Heoae to await the orders of his friends. 

There was no one here at the time that knew 
whether Bro. Baxter was a married or single man, 
or where his fliends resided. I knew, however, 
that he was a member of Division 29, Missouri, 
aad immmiiiitfflT telegraphed to them, stating the 
sad news, and also wrote a letter to the same Dl- 
TiAOB. On the 5th of January I received a tele- 
gram from his fiUher, reguesting me to tend his 
remains to Awrnsta, Illinois, at once. The 
weather at this time was very warm. I asked 
Soperinteodent Marshal if the remains were in 
iKoper condition to send to his friends in lUi- 
B«is. He replied, **certainly, but as the last few 

days have been 00 waruL I will ask Dr, Fryer. 

He at once telegraphed Dr. Fryer the same ques- 

doB thsil I had asked him, and Dr, Fryer an- 

ffwered that it was. Superintendent liarshal 
thea ordered it to be shipped on the express 
train tke same evening, and when it arrived at 
Broekville, I was surprised to to find instsad of 
smetalie ease, a plain pine cofBn. I stepped 
into the Superintendent's office and made known 
to him my diseovery, and he was as much sur- 
prised aa myself, saying, **I gave orders fbr a 
■fcrtaJio case7' I then examined the coffin, and 
tA all appearances, as fitf as durability was oon- 
fokeemed, I had no fears but that it would carry 
te remains with safety. As I said before, the 
weather was warm at this point, and it would 
have taken atlessttwo days to procure a me- 
taJW ease, and the body bad now been above 
ground sixteen days. Supenntendent Marshal 
sadmymilf thooghi it had bettor be forwarded 

immediately, as the weather gtew colder as it 
proceeded eastward. 

If wehaddelmdthe remains here until we 
eould have received a metalio case, we would 
have been compelled to bury it, also. Upon in- 
quiries why, the Superintendent's orders in re- 
gardtoraroharinga metalic case had not been 

rV J^ ■■" * » wiA»w«o rvuoivea uvm oapenuienu- 
ent Marshal, but he fulei to exeouto them, which 
was never learned until too late. 

Some of the readers of this will perhaps won- 
der why some engineer did not attend to it, or 
why I did not see that some one had not been 
delegated to. personallv superintend the matter. 
My answer is, that at that time we wero all snow 
bound, and every man that could be aparad was 
out night an 1 day, and after having been told by 
the Superintendent that such orders had been 
given, would it not be natural to believe they 
would be oompUed with. 

The offloers of the Kansas Pacific Railway are 
not second to any other road in a generous pro- 
virion for employees iujured in their service, and 
a decent and proper consideration for the dead • 
they have ever given special orders that ne pains 
or expense would be spared for the very best 
medical sid, and in ease of death, the immediate 
taransmunon of the body to his friends in the 
best condition possible. 

Mr. W. H. BL Roder bM been appointed ad- 
ministrator of ^e dsmased. and has made a trip 
over the K. P. &'y: he has also caUed upon tko 
officers ot the road, from whom he received a 
mast cordial welcome, as he stated to me in a re- 
cent communication, and that the Companywer 
very reasonable and liberal with him in setUing 
the widow's claims. And, he ftutherstates, that 
after reading the articles in the Quinsy. 111., and 
Kansas Ci^ papers, there arose in his mind a 
question of doubt., whether it would be safe or 
not for him to visit Kansas. If the reports in 
the papers were t^u^ one would naturally be led 
to behevethat the men on the K. P. R.'y were 
heathens, or near relations to the fomily of Poor 
Lo. But he resolved to come, and did come. 
When he arrived at Kansas City, he had the good 
fortwie to meet with the ever willing and 
oblurlng Ass't G^n'l Sup't George Noble, who 
ftimished him with a pass over the rt>ad and re- 
turn. After traveling 1278 miles, and coming in 
contact with a great many engineers, conduoton 
and other employees, he confessed upon his re- 
turn, that he was most agreeably surprised, and 
returned home with a warm heart towards all. 
satisfied that everything had been done that 
could be done, and regretted that he did not have 
the honor to meet our estimable and most effioien 
Supenntendent^of Machinery, Mr, Qeoige W. 
Gushing, Mr. Roder, however, wrote to him, de- 
toiling an account of hi^ visit to Kansas, and the 
manner in which he was received both by officials 
and employees of the K. P. R.'y. also contra- 
dicting the stetemento that had been published in 
the Quincy, (III.,) and Kansas City papers, and 
fdlly exhonerating the officials of the K. P. R.'y 
from all blame or censure, permitting Mr. Gush- 
ing to publish his letter, if so desired, or to use it 
in any manner he might deem proper. I having 
previously read the allusions in the papers in re- 
gard to the above subfect. and being a member 
of the B. of L. B .» since ito birth and organises 
tion, and at present a member of Division No. 
81, and knowing that there are as warm hearts 
among ite members as any other Division, and 
also among the offloiab of the K. P. R.'y as any 

Digitized by 




other road, I deemed it a duty I owed to the 
membera of Division 81, the fraternity lU Iwrge, 
as well aa the officers of the Kansas Pacnc Rail- 
way and myself, to write the above explanation . 
If by this article, those who read the erroneous 
reports above referred to, can be convinced th*t 
the Kansas Pacific Railway has as capable offi- 
cials, and as competent engineers, as the best 
manajred road in the country, then the obieot or 
the writer will have been gained. 

W. W. Brownhill. 

Notice.— Any one knowing the present resi- 
dence of one John Ward, an engineer, who for- 
merly came from Irving. N. Y., age about 34 
years, will confer a favor by communicating with 
this office. ^ . 

Epfikoham, Jan. 15th, 1871. 
Bros. Wilson A FRLix)w8;-Knowing the deep 
interest you take in the welfare of the B.oT L. 
K.. and especially of new Divisions, permit me 
to give you a short sketch of the progress of this 
Division, No. 121, which was instituted at 
Effingham, IlL, August 28th, 1870. by Bro. James 
McCati-heon, of Division No. 25, through whom 
our charter was procured, and to whom we 
are under many obligations for favors extended 


To our M. M., Mr. A. J. Sanborn, we are oa- 
der obligation for favors that can only be graotad 
by men occupying his i osition. Finally, to tlka- 
numerous employees of .the Company, we are un- 
der many obligations for oourteaies to us aa vat^- 

At our last regalar meeting, January let, » 
pleasant little episode, not strictly pertaintii« t» 
the roTubir order of buFineess, took plaoe at 
the rooms of this Division. 

Our Worthy Chief, Brother 0. P. Mille*-, warn " 
made the recipient of a beautiful bamboo arm 
chair, tor the use of his station. To Brother 
Miller the surprise was oompleto, the purohase of 
the gift being known to but few. even of the mem- 
bers. Brother James N. Brankam, alUu "Whip- 
poorwill Jim." takins[ up a small collection 
among the Brothers, without an explanation or 
his objeoL 
Brother Brankam made a few pertinent ro- 

^ , ,..,__...!. J-ang duties of an enei- 

of wear and tear on 
Dg in six da3w of the 
\,u engine; the need of 
J on the only day of the 

from the dudes nod 
ig; that the Brother* 
g the hope that the 
] ift, not for its intrinaie 

^e esteem in which 
d an officer, 
substance as followti : 
1 at a loss for words te 
utifuland appropriate 
1 "fill it in every war 
T weighs 201 pounds,} 
ro you that i t sha 1 1 over 

, , ► conduct mywlf, not 

only 'as an officer, but as a man, that yon 
have no cause to regret the confidence reposed in 
me by placing me in this, the principal Chair » of 
this IMvision." 
Hoping that this will be of interest to yonr 

readers, 1 am 

Tours, Fraternally, J. H. H. 



Malonk, N. T., March 7, l^TL 

Brm. Vfihon and FdUntm : « _, 

Upon entering the Division room Satnrday^ 
evening, February 25th, we were somewhat 8ur> 
prised to find upon the altar a snlendid ooveriM 
Deautifhlly trimmed and inscribed Malone Di- 
vision No. 79, B. of L. E. After due enquiry, it 
was ascertained that ^rs. J. H. Fay was the 
donor, when the following resolutions were 
unanimously adopted : ., „ «v « ^^ -„. 

Whkrxas, Malone Division No. 79, B. of L. B., 
has been made the recipient of a neat and ele- 

£ant gift suitable alike as an ornament to our 
all and as an emblem of our order; therefore 

Rm)lved, That it is with feeling of the deepest 
appreciation and gratitude that we accept this 
device so ingenious in design, so truthfril in ex- 
ecution, and that we tender the frur donor onr 
most sincere thanks for this practical evidence of 
her interest in the welfare or our order. 

RmAved, That we accord to this most aeeept- 
able and appropriate gift a conspicuous phioe m 
our hall, and that a copy of these resoluqons be 
published in the Bnoinrkrs' Montblt Jouutal, 
and a oony of the same be presented to the donor, 
Mrs. J, H. Fay, with seal of the Division ai- 

W. H. Gray, F. A. B. 

Digitized by 




Malonk, N.Y., March 8, 1871. 
Bnm, WHson andfkUoum : 

At a nralar meetinir of Malone Division No. 
79, B.ofL. K. held at their hall in Malone, 
Mai«h4,1871,Bro B. L. Randall, in behalf of 
Mra. Gojrette in a few well-timed remarka, pr»- 
«ent0d the Division with a photomph of our de- 
ecoflod past Chief and Brother, Francis Goyette, 
which was responded to by our Worthy Chief. U. 
W. Sunderland. 

The foUowinc resolution was unanimously 

tVbbrbab, Malone Division "So- 79. B. of L. E. , 
has been mode the recipient of a photograph of 
our deceased past Chief and Brother. 

Be$oloed, That a vote of thanks of Malene Di- 
vision No. 79 B. of L. £. be tendered Mrs. Mary 
Guyette, and that they be printed in the Kngi- 
' MoKTRLT Journal, and a copy of ihe same 

be presented tne donor, Mrs . Guyette, with the 
sealof D 

1 of JMviaion attached. 

W. H. Gray, 

F. A. E. 


CLvaKNATi. Ohio. February 12th, 1871. 

At a regular meeting of Division No. 95, B. of 
L. B., the following resolutions were adopted : 

Whseucas, It is with feelings of heartfelt sorrow 
and regret that we are called upon to announce 
the melancholy death of our beloved Brother 
Pioree, who was killed in the faithful discharge 
of his duty. Februarv 2d, 1871, near Cobb's Fork, 
on the L C. <& L. Railroad, by his engine leaving 
the track and turning over and scalding him, 

Wbkbbas, While we bow in submission to 
Divine will, we deeply deplore the loss of so good 
and eflSdent a memoer of society at large aa well 
aa the Brotherhood. 

Whkuu£l That by the death of Brother Pierce 
his brother 8 and sister have lost an affectionate, 
kind, and loving brother, and Division No. 95, a 
meritorious member, his companions a staunch 
and careful friend. 

Whkbbas, The members of Division No. 95* 
hereby offer their sincere %nd heartfelt sympathy 
to the bereaved brothers and sister trusting that 
they may find consolation in the cherished mem- 
ory of the departed, and in the word of that 
great Being who has promised to foster and pro* 
teet the shorn lamb. 

Jtmolvtd, That the hall and chapter of this 
IHviaion be draped in mourning for the apace of 
thirty days, in token of respect to the memory 
of the deceased. . , , 

BncHted^ That a copy of these resolutions with 
the seal of the Di>'i8ion attached, be tendered to 
the broUiers an 1 sister of the deceased, and that 
a copy be published in the Ekqimkbr's Monthly 


RtKiwd, That we tender our smeere thanks to 
the olBcers of the L C- A L. Railroad for a special 
train to Lawrenceburg to attend the funeral of 
Brother Pierce. K- Goopbll, ) 

A. Moas, [Committee. 
J. BL BoYO. > 

At a regular meeting ef Division 92, B. of L. R. 
the foUowing preamble and resolutions were 
■nanimonaly adopted : 

Wbkbbab, It hat pleased our Heavenly Father 
to again impreM upon our minds the stem lesson 
that we are but dust, and to bring the, truth to 
our hearts by calling to His home on high, our 
friend and orother. D. 8. Warner; therefore, 
be it 

Be$ofved, That to the relatives of the deceased 
and to the bereaved and disconsolate widow, we 
tender our heartfelt sympathy in this their hour 
of affliction, and we would commend them for 
consolation to Him who doeth all thingn for our 
good, trusting, they may meet their loved one in 
that happy realm where parting is unknown. 

Retolved^ That while we bow in sorrow to the 
decree of an al' -seeing God on this moumftil oc- 
casion, we will pledge ourselves anew, to watch 
our Brotherhooa and so conduct ourselves that 
we may be prepared to render a good account of 
our stewardship when called upon whether it b» 
from beds of sickness or by accident while in dis- 
charge of our duties. 

Jiaolved That as a token of respect for the 
memory of our deceased brother, we drape our 
charter in mourning for thirty days. 

Baiofved, That a copy of these rr solutions be* 
presented to the family of the deceased, and b» 
published in the EyoiincRR's Jocbnal. 

D. A BULKY, ) 

J. P. Mktz, xCommittesL 

E. B. McClimtock,j 



Div.Nal26 $15 rO 

•• " 99 3 00 

•• " 82 109 00 

•• •• 26 1 (V 

•• *' 72 6 50 

" " 6 2 00 

•• " 34 5 75 

" *• 29 8 90 

•• •• 9 2 00 

•• " 104 4 00 

•• " 7» ]n 00 

" " 109 9 90 

" •• 101 1 00 

*^ " 17 6 00 

•• •• 73 2 00 

" *• 69 1 00 

•• " 33 19 00 

•' " 114 24 00 

" •• 113 3 60 

•* " 31 ^ 2 00 

•• •• 12 12 25 

•• *• 66 :»75 

** '• 19........ 72 90 

•* " 20 11 50 

•* " 128 JO 00 

" •• 93 2 60 

" " 78 75 00 

•• " 7 10 40 

" '• 76 3 00 

•• " 112 5 00 

" " 9 2 00 

•* " 112 38 00 

*• " 43 26 00 

•• " 13 30 00 

" " 103 30 60 

•• " U 1 00 

•* •• 23 14 40 

•* •* 3d 46 75 

" " 9 2 00 

•• •• 90 1 80 

" '• 81.... 31 00 

•• " 63 90 

" " 71 2 60 

" " 126 7 60 

" •• 6 100 

" " 24 .. 45 26 

" " 82 2 00 

'• '* 69 8 60 

" " 17 100 

,^ *T «, AjfOURT. 

Div.No.31 12 60 

;; ;; 44 eoo' 

;* 74 22 60 

V 81 — 2000 

•• *• 61 23 50 

" " 126 8 45 

;; ;; 31 1 oo. 

" 110 80 00- 

:: ^ 112. 

*• " 60 1 00 

•• " 21 60 OO- 

" " 97 69 75 

" •• 16 135 00 

" •• 9 1 00 

" " 34 3 00 

*• " 98 14 75 

" " 44 ».. 1200 

*' :; 47 19 !K 

" * 31 2 00- 

" " 101 2 00- 

" " 96 20 76. 

" " 102 10 

•* '* 90 2 70- 

•• " 94 2 00 

•• " 9 4 00 

•; ;; w.. — 14 S. 

•* " 40 69 25. 

;; : 13 iS. 

•• • 1« 2 00 

" " 124 lioo< 

;• ;; gi 5000 

" " 66 1 00 

" " m soo 

" *' 1 .... 30 00 

r ;: s? SoS 

•• '• 41 46 25 

" " 12 aw 

'• " 24 40 00 

" - 112 Igg, 

;; " 47 2 70 

; *• 10 200 

" " 46 2 70 

" •' 19 96 

" '• 39 15 

" " 106 70 00 

" •• 40 100 00 

" •• 44 60 

" •' 125 10 60 

'* *• 39 Ilea 

Digitized by 



















1 80 
50 00 

14 00 

18 20 

15 30 
1 00 





84 . 



1 80 

1 80 
6 75 

12 60 

2 70 
2 70 

27 25 


11 lei 75 






14 00 

4S 69 



... $9 00 

.— 1 00 

.... 3 00 

.... 5 50 

^ 1 00 

... 1 OJ 

.... 6 30 

.- 10 80 

.... 1 00 

... 1 00 

... 160 

.. 2 00 

.. 1 50 

.. 500 

.. 300 

.. 485 

.. 1 00 

.. 100 

.. 125 

.. 900 

.. 1 00 

.. 100 

.. 100 

.. 400 
..20 00 

ToUd reoeipts for Febnuuy, 187L 2192 07 

^Cash on handJanuary 3l8t, 1871 9217 82 

Total 11.409 89 


Thk followinf additional sums have beenre- 
eei^ad for speotal porpoees since last report : 

Division No 77 120 00 

" 50 18 00 

Total 138 00 


By request of a large number of delegates, the 
O.G.and F. G. A. B.. had a large siied phou- 
graph taken when in Nashville. There was also 

Eup of all the Grand Officers taken, with re- 
on, whioh makes a fine picture for our halls, 
lingle piotures are on cards. 8x10; the ^up 
is 16x20. Divisions or members will be fyinushad 
oor»iee for group, $4.00 ; G . a, or F. G. A. B., 1.00 
each. We will fill all orders sent to this oflloe. 
Brothers that can order more convenient frem 
Nashvill^ wiU please address H. C. Sheets. Box 


Into Division No. 70~John H. Bailey. 
Into Division No. 113— Fred. Shaffer. 
Into Division No. 11-P. A. McGrath. 
Into Division No. 60-0. S. Robinson. 


From No. 62. L. Wilson— Final, 

From Division No. 51~Frank Madox, to join 
Division No. 61. 

From Division No. 99~N. B. Chamberlain, to 
ioin Division No. 116. 

0. 105— E. Humphrey, to jein 

o. 6— Frank Markle, to jeia 
nd A« A. Kavaoaugh. to jein 

o. 30— Robert Depew, to join 

o. 33-Charle8 L. Briggs, te 


0. 119— WilUam W. Smith, to 

To, 14— George Taylor, to jein 

X 96-F. Dupuis. FinaL 

0, 15— Charles Chalbman. to 

i>. 89,— J. Neilson to join Nt. 
>in No. 118, and J. Robiason. 


Into Division No. 88— A. Stewart, from Di- 
vision No. 23. 

Into Division No. 8^J. L. Parish and R, Tsn 
Austin, from Division No. 39; T. Caton and 
James lleCourt. from Division No. 42; R Smith 
and William Costin. from Division No. 48. 

Into Division No. 60— A. Whiting, from Divis- 
ion No. 88. 

IntoDivision No. 54-G.W. Wright, from Di- 
vision No, 14, and William C. Morse, from Di 
vision Noi 98. 

Into Division No. 96— F. Flynn, from 103. 
Into Division Ke. 14— Jordan Gray, from >'o. 

Digitized by 





From Division No. 9&-JaineB Bryce. for being 
Anmk on duty. 

From Division No. 34— A, F. Webb, for non- 
pajment of dues. 

—J.. Hudson, for non- 
payment of duel and nnbeeominff conduct and 
D. J. Brown, for non-payment of dues. 

From Division No, 50— H. B. Johnson, for 
ffwindlins'the Division and brothers; James Mil- 
lar, J. P. PiJmer, L L. Evans, J. M. Ridley, and 
H^ Palmer, for non-payment of dues. 

From Division No. 15-William B. Smith, AI- 
bert*;Smith, and S. G. Ortton. for non-payment 
•f daes. 

From Division No. 12— Frank Vesia, for drunk- 

From Division No- 113— H. C, Marvin, for un* 
beeoming conduct 

From Division No. 42— H. C. Arnold, for 

From Division No, 47— T. H., McCannon, for 

From Division No. 93— Wm. Hatfield, for non- 
payment of dues. 

Loeomotire Eogrineers' Mutnal Life 
iDsaraDce Association. 

Port Jervis, N. Y., March 20, ISH. 


To.the Secretary and Treantrer qf Divinvm No. 

Ton are hereby notified of the death of a mem- 
ber vf this Association, as follows : 

nCBBUART 2, 1871, 4S888SUBNT NO. 76. 

Bbo. Albirt L. Ptirgb, of Cincinnati Division 
No. 95, killed bv his engine running off the track 
laniranoe payable to Omer Pieroe. 

An assessment of one dollar in payment of the 
above claim is ordered on all who were members 
ef the Association at the time his death oc- 

Celleotions must be made and forwarded to the 
General Secretary within thirty days fVom JMtte 
of this notice. 

C. H. Shrrman, President 

Franc Abbott, Fec'y and Treas. 

(no. of ukmrrrs assbbsable, 2840.) 

Special Notlee to DiTisions and Mem- 
bers of DiTision No« 48. 

The books of Division No. 48 havu been trans- 
ferred to Division No. 42, and all members of Di- 
vision No. 48 will be required to report to Divi- 
nen No. 42, Members desiring withdrawal cards 
will be required to obtain a recommend from the 
Division where they are located. 

Address Bernard Cmith, Locomotive Bngineer. 
Carondelet Mo., and you will receive a prompt 

Charles Wilbow, G. C. K. 

Special Notices. 

we will allow ten per cent drawback. The same 
offer of ten per cent drawback is made to all 
our fKends that are not members of the Broth- 
erhood, who obtain lists. 

In sending subscriptions for the Journax., be 
sure and write names distinct and give full 
directions as to where and how they wish them 

Subscribers wishing a change made in the di- 
rection of the Journal will please state where it 
was sent before. It is almost impossible to find 
the name without much waste of time, when they 
simply sa^, send my Journal to such a place, - 
and not give the present address. 

All orders for Journals to be sent by Express 
should give residence, or some particular place 
to have the package left so as not to cause any 
delay in the delivery, or unnecessary trouble to 
the express companies. 

We have plen^ of bound Journals, volumes 
1st 2d, 3d, and 4th, which we will furnish at one 
dollar for the year 1867. and one dollar and fitty 
cents each for the years 1868, '69, and '70, or we 
will famish the numbers of 1868-9, bound in one 
book for two dollars. 

We now have a blank form of receipt book to 
be used by F. A. and 8. A. E's. Any Div. wishing 
such book can be fhmished firom this office. 

We will undertake to furnish good reliable lo- 
eomotive engineers to any and all parties reouir- 
ing the services of good men upon sending their 
orders to this office. 

Great complaint is made that it is impossible 
to obtain replies to correspondents between some 
of the Sub-Divisions. We hope some broUier will 
be selected in each Division, whose special duty 
it shall be to answer all correspondence prompt- 
Ir. And it is very important that each Division 
should have a particular Post Office address that 
can be reached at any time, without a iM)ssibili^ 
of failure. The Division address should in all 
cases appear in the meeting notices, in the Jour- 

It is much the snfesl. and cheapest way to send 
money by Pott Office ordern or drafts* In most 
places a draft can be obtained of the banks /rw, 
and no charges are made here for nayment 

Brothers calling will find our office resdily by 
following the walk in rear of depot . up Bank St., 
opposite rear of Wedftdl Bowe^ then turn to the 
left on to Frank fori St when the signs of Messrs. 
Kevins' Printing House will be visible. 

Address all correspon Hence: 

Wilson J^ Ffllows, 
76 Frankfort St, 
Cleveland, Ohio, 

Digitized by 




Conductors Brotherhood. 

Bailroad Conduoton throuRhont the Continent, 
who are deeirous of forming Sub-Diyisione of the 
Oondaotora Brotherhood, to aot in concert with 
ihoee already organized* are incited to oommuni- 
eate with 

C. 8. MOORK, Q. C. C Martinshurg, W, Va., 
or JOSEPH PACKARD, G. K a. Amboy. Ill, 

AMBOY DIV. NO. l.-MeeU l9t Sunday and 
1ft Taeflday alter 3d Sunday in each month. 

J. Purinton. G. C, Amboy, 111. 
Q. F. Morgan, R. 8. " " 

Tnesday night in their Hall, over the Machine 
Shops. Jno. W. THOiiPfloN, C. C. 

Jho. W. Kkkpk, R. S. 

DIV, NO. 17. BROOKFIELD, MO-Meetg in 
Odd Fellows' Hall everySundayatSo'clockP. M 
L. A. Howard. 0. C. 
John Wation, R. 8. 

Brotherhood of Bailroad Employes 

Birision No. 1. meets eyery nlternate Saturday 
night and Sunday, in the Hail of DiTi«ion No. 
104, B. of L. E., No. 137 Locust street, Columbia, 

JoHV IiroBAM. Superintendent 

Chas. R, BusHEY, Secretary. 


Wanted to know if a man by the name of H. 
M. Archibald is a member of tne B. of L E. 1 he 
Division he belongs to will confer a great favor 
«pon the Brotherhood by informing me of the 
ttot, with seal of Division attached. 

Frank W . Stxrt.ino, 
358 Sixth street. Louisville. Kentucky. 

Kzpressraen's Matoal Life Insoranoe 

W. W. Gould Secretary Division No. W, Ameri- 
can-Merchants Union Express Co.'s Offioe, lOft 
Bank street. Cleveland, Ohio. 


Consulting and Constructing 
Civil Engineer. 

Especial and practical attention given to Um 
economical application of luel for the LOOO- 
MUTIVE. the dtationury, and the Marine En- 
gine, etc.. etc. , ^ , ^^ ^ 

Address care of Boston and Lowell and Nasii'- 
ua Railroad, Boston, Mass. 


Book Binders and Blank Book Mann- 

74 to 80, Frarkpokt St., Cliyrlakd, Ohio. 

Are prepared and have every facility for doing' 
all kindB of work in their line, in the best man- 
ner, and respectfully announce to the Brother* 
hood of Engineers and others, that they will b« 
pleased to bind the Bngineen' Joumau Oodey. 
Peterson, Harper. Atlantic Ac, for individiUMia 
or dubs, at the following low rates : 

In Leather In Leather 
and Cloth, and Paper. 
For single Volume. $1,00 90o 

For Ten, to one address, 95 85 

For Twenty. " - 90 80 

ForThirtj-. *• - -8. 75 

Over Thirty. *' - 80 70 

Expenses of transportation, both ways, at ex- 
pense of consignor. 8end books to Wtlbox Jk 
Frllows. 76. Frankfort St.. Cleveland. Ohio, 


THE 3RA.I3:jROA.3D Xid:j^]SI'3 I>-A.r>EIt, 

THE BA.ILBOAD GAZETTE, published in Chicago, by A. N. EeuiOOO is a 
Weekly Illastrated Joarnal of 24 pages, as large as those of Evety ^Saturday, 

It contains a complete record of railroad news :— the progress of new roads, 
elections and appointments of officers, contracts let and to be let, summaries of 
annual reports; illustrated descriptions of railroad improvemen to, articles both 
original and selected on railroad operation and civil and mechanical engineer* 
ing, and discussions of the relations of railroad companies to the oommnnitj. 

This journal is prepared especially for stockholders, directors, and officers of 
•"ailroads, and all railroad employees. Price $4 per annum, in advance. 

A. N. KELLOGG, Publisher, 
no & ri2 Madison 8t. Chicago. 

Digitized by 



~FOR - 

itlMg ^n^mmB^mhtietfi 


American Watch Co., of Waltham, 


'Ainriciui fatcli Co., Gmt SL, f altlu Im." 

We are inatraoted to represent this watch as by far the best fall plate 
vatob erer made in the United States, and espeoiaUy adapted for Bailwaj 

We also desire to add that it is offered at a price which must insure il 
a wide sale. 

Parties desiring snch a watch should be sure and remember the txade 

For all other facts address, 

General Agents, 183 Broadway, N. T. 

Digitized by 


188 LoooMonvB mmsnoBar 

C^igitized by 



Digitized by 





Locomotive Engines and Tenders, 

Boilers and Tanks, 

Gun Mbtal and oommon Ibon Castinos, Brass and GoafPOSinoN CAsmrocL 

Locomotives and Boilers Repaired. 

Sole mannfaotnrera of the "HINKLEY PATENT BOIL£B*\ for Looomo- 
tive and Stationary Engines. All orders will be exeoated with dispatch. 

ADAMS ATBB, PresH. - F. I.. BUI.LARD, Tr€M. • B. I.. I.BACH, 8«p«. 





Boilt to any gange. 

Adapted to LiaHT RahiS, Shabp Curtbs and Stbbp Gbadbb. 
If running in mines or throngh tnnnels, shape conforms. 

Used by Railroad, Canal and other oontraotors, Coal, Ore and Lamber pro- 
^dnoezB, and at furnaces, Mills and Quarries. 


Digitized by 







Adapted to every variety of Railroad service, and to the economical Dse of Wood 
Coke, Bitnminous and Anthracite Coal as fueL LOCOMOTIVES FOR MINES 
AND NARROW GAUGE RAILWAYS. All work accurately fitted to ganses and 
thoronf^hly interchangeable. Plan, MaterialSi Workmanship, Finish and Efficiency 
fnlly guaranteed. 




D. W. CROSS, Pres't J. P. HOLT, Supt. 

▼. a DODGE, Sec'y and Treas. J. E. FRENCH, Gen'l Man'gr. 



Holt's Patent Steam Gauges^ 

For LocomotiTe and Stationary Engines, 



Water Gauges and Test Pumps. 
UlUads of Gantres Repaired on Rhort BOtiee and all work Warranted. 

Works cor. Ghamplain & South water Sts., CLEVELAND. 0. 


Digitized by 



LoooMonvi BNeiNmfi' 

The Brotherhood of Loco- 
motive Engineers. 

LooomoUva Enginoen throngfaoat the Conti- 
nent, who are detirons of forminc Snb-DiTisioni 
of the B. of L. E., to act in ooneert with thoie 
alreftdy orianised, are invited to oommnnioate 
with Chablis WtLSOHf G. C E.. 

76 Frankfort St, CleTeland, Ohio. 


1 DETROIT, UICII.— Meets erery Friday eve. 
at 7:30 P. M., oor. Jefferson and Woodward aves. 

H. A. Cum Miiros. C. ifi., 320 Congress 6t, Detroit. 
W. H KiTO, F. A B.. Brighton Honse. 


T. FAULKifiB, C. E., Box 163, Marshall, Mieh. 
C. Smith. F. A. ».. " 123, 

3 MICHIGAN CITY. IND -MeeU every Sati]i> 
day eve., eor. of Franklin and Miehigan Sts. 

. A. DABBAtTS, C. £.. Box 267, Mich City, Ind. 

J,H.Krllt.F.A.E.. " 196, 

5 NORWALK, O—Meets 1st and 3d Saturday 
eves, in each month, on Biain St, opposite St 
Charles Hotel. 

Chablbs Strblk, C. E., Norwalk, Ohio. 

F. a WooPBUFF, F. A. E.. Box IMP, Norwalk. . 

6 MONTANA, IA-— Meets every Saturday eve., 
at Engineers' HalL Story St 

J. K. Flitf. C £.. Box 80 Montana, la. 

J. H. FiTZQBBALI), F. A. B., " 196, *• " 

to whom all correspondenee must be addressed. 

7, LAFAYETTE. IND.— Meets every Saturday 
eve., at Reynold's Block, Main St 
T. S. Ingrabam. C. E ., Box 521, Ft Wayn^ lod. 
R. Spauldiwg, F. a. B., " 36, Lafayette, Ind. 

J. P. Shkhand, C. £., 

Crestline, 0. 

JC JI. DoBMAW. F. A. E.. Drawer 55, 

10. CHICAGO, ILL.— Meets every Saturday at 
7:30 P.M., at980SUteSt 

J. L. Wads, C B., Welden Shop, Ghieago, Tit 
K S. Bboww. F. a. E., ** 

11. INDIANAPOLIS. IND.-Meetn every Sat- 
urday eve., east of Odd Fellows' Halt No. 62 
Washington St 

J. B. Whitsrtt, C. E , No. 43 Bates street 

Z. P. Kbllbb. F. A. B., 102 Meek 

C. H. Ellmb, Cor, ^-ec, 171 Davidaon ** 

12. FORT WAYNE, IND—Meets every Satur- 
day eve., 3d floor. Baker s block. Clinton street 

T. Dtbb, C, K., Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Wm. E. Stonb, F. a. E., Box 1,084. 

C SwYDBB, Cor. Secretary, " 1.296. ** 

13. COVOORD, N. H. 

R. T. King. 0. &. Box 138, Nashua, N . H . 
J. Cabtbr, F. a. E., 124 Spring St., Conoord, ** 

14. UTICA, N. Y.— Meets every Monday eve., 
ever No. 9, Broad street 

A. SHeBMAKRB. 0. E.. Maulius, N. Y. 

M. J. Cabroll, F. a. B., m Main St.. Utica, ** 
M. RiCKABD, Cor. Seoretary, *' ** 

United States lUilnMid Crateeton' 
IttsnraiMe Conpan j* 

Cenduoton of Railroads wishing infotnutSca 
of, or to beoome members of the United States 
Railroad Conductors' Life Insurance Oompnuy, 
will please address E. BL Livihobtob, SeeralaTy 
and Treasurer, Columbus, Ohio, givinc their posi 
office address, who will send doonments and in- 
stmctiens. Jamu Mabbhalu Prest. 

E. M. LivniOBToii Sec'y ft Trees. 

Columbus, ., 

15, BUFFALO, N. Y.-Meets eveiy Wednesday 
eve.. Daniels block, Mich, street. 

L. R. Skiitnbb, C. E., Box 2791, Buffalo, N. Y. 
A.A. CuBTiarP.A.fe., 

16. GALION. 0.— Meets l9t and Sd Saturday 
and 2d and 4th Friday of each month, oor. Main 
and Adams streets. 

J. C. Bull, C. E.. GaHon, Ohio. 

JuD. Bbltoh, F. a. B., Box 25. 

17. ALLEGHENY CITY. PA.-Meets Ist and 
Sd Thursday, and 2d and 4th Wednesday in eaeh 
month, oor. Beaver Ave. and Looist street 

M. V. MIU.BB, C. E., No. 25 Locust St, AUe- 
gheny City, Pa. 
J. Kbhhbot, F. a. E., Bellaire, 0. 

18, ROCHESTER, N. Y.— Meets every Monday 
eve^y oor. of State and Mumford Sts. 

Wm. DoBALDSoy, C. E., oor Jones and Saratoga 
aves.. Rochester, N. Y. 

J. Babkbb, F. a. E., 63 Frank street Roches- 
ter, N. Y. 

Crab. Thomas, Cor. Secretary, 26 Gorham St, 
Rochester, N. Y. 

19. BLOOMINGTON, ILL.-Meets Ist and 3d 
Saturday eves, of each month, oor. Main and 
JefTerson Sts. 

P. Kbatibo.C. E.. Drawer 241, Bloomfngton, IlL 

S, Akbbs, F. a. E., 

H. Sthalu Cor. Secretary, " " " 

Meets every Friday, in Market St, at 7:30 P. M. 

JornCoopbb, C. E^lock box .3, Loiransport lod. 

A. E. Tbatgrbb, F. a. K, Box 123, " 
Robbbt JoB!fS, Cor. Sec'y, Box 351, ** 

21. MEMPHIS. TENN.-Meets 2d Wednesday 
and last Thursday in each month 

B. D. Andrbsox.C. B., Box 68. Memphis, Tenn. 
J. GiBBS. F. A. fe, " ^* 

22, CAMDEN, N. J. 

J. S. Cbispin, C, B., Box 33, Camden, N. J. 
J. D. Boston. jJ. A. E., 

2^ SPRINGFIELD. ILL.-Meets every Friday 

and Saturday alternately, west side PuUic Square. 
- - - - K., i5wr. 32S8, Sprin^eld,IlL 

G.R. Hough, C. . 
P. TEAL, F. A. E., 

24, CENTRALIA, ILL.— Meets every Saturday 
eve., at 7 :30 P. M., on Locust street 

J, McFaiu C E., Box 101, Contralia, Dl. 

J. U. Bkxbbtt, F. a. E. and Cor. Beoretary^ 
Box lul, Centralia, HI. 

Digitized by 




%, TBRRB HAUTE. IND.-Meett e¥«ry altor- 
■Ate Satarday ere., finom January 7th 71« at 2:90 
P. M., in Hall oor.Main and 7th Sta. 

J. iIcKbfbb, C.B.aook box 1921 T. Hante. Ind. 

W.L.BCosOAy,F.A.B.. " 

W. R SHmBBUKW. Opt. Sec.** 

26 SSLBfA. ALA.— Meete Ist and 3d Satorday 
erw., of each month, at their Hall, near Shope 
ofa.B. AD. 3LB. 

S. J. Davibls. C. E^ Selma, Ala. 

IC. FrrzQKULD, F. A. E.. ** 

27. RACIKE, WIS.— Meets evenr week alternate 
Wedneadaj and Tbnnday eret.. 3d floor, Osborne 
k Osr»od's Block, South side Coort Honse Square. 

Jksi Pause, C. B., Box 680, Racine, Wis. 
O. Qm, F. A, E., 

28. DAYTON. 0.— Meets erery alternate Sator- 
di^ eve., cor. of Ludlow and Sixth streets. 

J. a. VoBia. C. B.. 10 FuUceith St, Dayton, 0. 
W. L.WBIOHT. F A. E., 13 State St 

29. BROOKFIELD, MO.— Meets eyery Saturday 
ercL, in Roberts' Bnildinir, second floor. Main St. 

J. C. Nichols, C. E., Box 221. Brookfleki, Mo, 
WM.H.LBWM.F.A.R. 480. 

90. PHILLIPSBURG. N. J.— Meets 1st Friday, 
and 3d Saturday of each month, at B. D. RTR. 
depot, fourth story. 

A. F. Shidd. C. B., Box 225, Phillipeburf . N. J. 

J. VAjronawFT, F. A. E.. " 
lowborn all communications must be addressed. 

3L CLEVBLAND, 0.— Meets 1st Saturday and 
Sd Friday erec, of each month, cor. Ontano St 
and Public Square, 

W. H. Qo8a.a E„A. J: G. W. R. R.,aeveIand,0. 

W. L. NuDSAM, F. A. E., 81 Hicks St. West 
Kde. dereland, 0. 

R. A. Baldwth, Cor. Secretary, a A; P. R. K 
Shops. Cleveland, 0. 

^ AURORA. ILL.— Meets 1st and 3d Saturdays 
and 2d and 4th Sundays of each month. 
S. K. IsBKLU C K, Box 56, Aurora, 111. 
E.H.Kdchitk,F.A.E.. ** " 

33, NASHVILLE, TENN.— Meets CTery Satur- 
day eve., cor. Church and Cherry streets. 

Anx. McD. ToLMii, C. E. ^ ^ 

Address all business communications to Hi C. 

SanTZ, F. A. E., and Cor. Sec'y., Lock Box 60, 

Saghville, Tenn, 

Meets erery Saturday eve., at 7>^ o'clock, in 
Miller's Block. 

W. HlZioLiB, C.E.,Lock Box 1115 Columbus,0. 
C ArWiGomB. F, A. E.. ** 

Meets the 1st Monday, and 2d and 3d Thursday, 
and 4th Friday in each month, at 1 P. M., cor. 
6Ui and l^dison Sts, ^ , „ 

JammMbhan. E.. CoTington, Ky. 

Framk Alunohaji, F. a. E.. *'^ ** 

38, ZANE3VILLE,0.— Meets every alternate 
Sdbftath, at 2 o'clock P. M.. in Druid's Hall, Main 

V. B. Shiplbt, C. E., ^ ZanetriUe, Ohio. 

E.A.MOLLOBY, g.AuE., " 

37. MATTOON, ILL.-Meets every Saturday 
ew.. in Hinckle'i Block. West Broadway. 
J. D. Bmfwrr, C. E.rBox 414, Blattooo, lU. 
J. GnJHJFF, F. A. B., 

3& BfARTINSBURG. W. VA.-Meets every 
Wednesday eve., in Boaman's Hall, Queen St 
H. WoLLKTT. C. E., Martinsburs. W. \a. 
H. KxiTDLi. F. A. JC« 

39. SEYMOUR IND .-Meets 1st and 3d Friday 
and 2d and 4th Saturday eves., of each month. 

L N. Apqab, 0. E., Box 281« Seymour, Ind. 
F. HxATON, F. A. B., 

40. PORTLAND, MB.— Meets every other 
Thursday eve., commencing May 5th. 1870, at 7:31 
P. M*. cor. Congress and Temple streets. 

& J. Stmokdb, C. E., Portland Cc's Works, 
Portland, Me.* 

Address all communications te H. B Wno, F. 
A. E., No. 56 Clark St, Portland, Me. 

41. ELMIRA, N. Y.— Meets 1st and 3d Sunday 
of each month, cor. Lake and Carroll Sts. 

Wm. O'Nkll. C. E.. Box 343. Elmira. N. Y. 
T. RiAROAN, F. A. E., Drawer 125, " 

42. OARONDELET, MO.— Meets every Sun day 
at 1 P. M., cor. Main and Nebraska streets. 

Thomas Shba, C. E., Ourondelet Mo. 
BBRiTAao SMrra, F. A. E.. 

^ 43. MEADVILLE, PA.-MeeU alternate Men- 
day and Tuesday eves, 

P. M. SOANLON. a E.. Box 1231, MeadviUe, Pa. 

H. J. Baowy, P. A. E., 32, 

H. D. Bbown, Cor. Sec 96, 

44, ALTOONA, PA,-Meets in 2nd stonr of Mar 
ronie Hall^l2thSt, between 10th and 11th Ave. 

ROBIRT fc. Ga»di _ 
Wm. Stimxr, F. A. 

C,E.. Altoona. Pa. 
Box 142, *• '* 

^ cor. of Coats st and Penn- 

INo. 412 Caven street Weet 

A. E., 3319 Story street. West 

r. Secretary. 8304, Elm street, 

^ ^^^gY* N. Y.-Meets every Wednesday 
eve., at 508, Broadway. 

P.J. SWAOT8.C. B., 18e Clinton av, Albany^^N-Y. 

P. M. Abthue. P. A. E.. N. Y. d R. R. Shop. 
West Albany, N. Y. 

47. HORNBLLSVILLE. N. Y.-MeeU 2d Tues- 
day, 3d Thundav A last Saturday in each month, 
cor. Main and Church sts. 

C. WfLLOB. C. B., ^ ^ HomellsvUle, N. Y. 

R.Cai«ron.F. A. E.. Drawer 1, ** 

S, E . Sturdivant. Cor. Sec. to whom all com- 
munications must be addressed. 

Wm. Wallace. 0. E,. Box 59. E. St Louis. IlL 
B. MoDoKALO, F. A. B., " •• 

5a, PITTSBURGH, PA,— Meets every Sunday 
at 2 P. M., in Odd Fellows' Halt Penult. ISh 

J. Blum, C, E., A- V. RJt Shots Pittsb'a. Pft. 
_,R, Waijmmshaw, F. a. B.. Peon. R. R, Shop, 

Address J. Ritmsavoh, Cor. Seorelary, 43 12th 
St.. Pittebunh, Pa. -~«—cy, ia« 

Digitized by 




6L PHILADELPHIA, PA.— Meets Ist and 3d 
Wedneeday evDS, at American Meehaaios' Hall, 
on Lombard street, near Thirteenth. 

J. D. KoGBBfl, 0. iii., 17U5. Washington are., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

F. A, (iiLMOSK. F. A. S., Bo. 1433, Jesfiamine 
■treet, Phiiadeiphia, Pa. 

62, BALTIMORE. MD.-Meets every Irt and 
Sd Sunday at 2 o'clock P. M. 

Wm. Roklofs, 0. Jtt., Calvert Station. Baltimore, 
C. W. SmPLBT, F. A. £•« Calvert Station. 

63, JERSEY CITY. N. J.-Meeto eor. of Waah- 
inston and Meroer sts. , on Ist Friday of each 
month, at 10 A. M., and 3d Thurpday. at 7 P. M. 

G, MooBK. C. E., Box 2to, Jersey City, N. J. 

A. Jaoobus. F. a. B., " 

64, PORT JERVIS, N. Y. Meets every Wed- 
Deeday eve., cor. of Front and Sussex bts. 

J. It. CooKsoN. C. E., Box 56. Port Jervis, N. Y. 
C. W. Lbohard, F. a. E ., Box 127, 

65, GRAFTON. WEST VA.-Meet8 every Fri- 
day anoL Saturday eves., alternately, at Jenkins' 
Hall, on Front street. 

Wm. Bratt. C. E.. Wheeling. Va. 

F. M, Snydbb, F. a. K, Grafton. West Va. 

66, KEOKUK. lA.— Meets the 2d and 4th Satur 
day eves, ot each month, in Patterson's Block, 
Johnson street 

J. E. Rathburit. C. E^ Box 616. Keokuk, la. 
Wii. W. MKkK. F. A. i. " 435. •* '* 

67, PROVIDENCE, R. L-Meets 2d and 4th 
Tuesday eves., of each month, on third floor of 
62 Weybosset st. 

L. J. Patton. C. E.. No. 18 Common street 

B. Haskell. F. A. £.. No. 89 Sheldon street 

68, SCRANTON. PA.— Meets Ist Saturday and 
8d Friday of each month, at No. 105 Lackawanna 

P. A. Strxbt, C. E., Lock Box 758, Soranton.Pa. 

Jas. Watson. :^. A. E.. " 597.^ " *' 

te whom all communications must be addressed 

69, GREENBUSH. N. Y.-Meets Ist and 3d Wed- 
nesdays of each month, cor. Perry and Broadway 

P. Ostrakdkb, C. K, Greenbnsh, N. Y. 
Chas. Melius, F. A. B., ** " 

Meets 1st Saturday and 3d Friday of each month, 
At7P. M^atNo-SLBradySt , ^„, 

Moses Hobbs. C. £., Dayenpokt, la. R. R. box. 

H. H. Baker, F. A. E., " 

J. R. WiLKissoK, Cor. See., C, R. L A P. R. R* 

61. BOSTON, MAfiS.~Meets 1st and 8d Wed- 
nesday in each month, at No. 3 Tremont Row, 

G. H.6AHDBB80H, C. £.. 150 Albany St, Boston, 

L C. PmoEXB, F. A. E.. East CambridEe,Mas8.. 
to whom all oorrespondenoe must be addressed. 

62, GALESBURG, ILL.-Meets in EngiL.. 
HaU, Main St, every Saturday, at 7:30 P. M. 
"^ [LUpPotteb,C.E..Box167, Galesbnrg, I11.» 
_„ W. BmoTESoy F. A. B., Box 86, " '• 
a A. Rahdalu Cot. Sec. " 568, *' *' 

63, SPRFNGFIELD, MASS.-Meets altetsato 
Friday and Saturday eves., inB. A; A. R.ik 

C.;W. Pool. C. E . 16 Fulton 8t,Sprincil'd.Bfaflk 
Hrkbt E. Day, F. A. E., Box 9i Ward One P. 
0., Springfiold. Mass. 

64, WORCESTER, MASS.-Meets Ist Tuesday 
and 3d Wednesday in each month, at 7 :30 P. M« 
ejT. Main and Mechanic 8ts. 

H. AY. Fenkkb, C. E., and Cor. Seoretary. No. » 
RoRervoir street. Worcester, Mass. 
C.G.Davis, F.A. E,. " '* 

65, CHILLICOTHB. 0.— Meets every Saturday 

P. Rakxtro. C. E ., ChiUieothe. Ol 

& B. MosHER. F. a. E., Box 71. 


J. B. JoHNsoff. C. E., box 152, Portage C!ty,Wiflk 
G. T. Thompson, F. A. B.. Box 343, " 

67, DUNKIRK. X. Y.-Meets in the Brie Rail- 
way Building, on Front St., every alternate Sat- 
urday eve. 

J . C. Haogett, C. E., Box 466, Dunkirk, N. T . 
JomiFoss.F.A E., '* 34, 

68, LONDON. ON T.-Meets every Saturday evey 
at Moral Temperance Hall, opposite the City HaVL 

Wm. Lovb. 0. B., G. W. RV. London. Ont 
J. Burt. F. A. E., Richmond St " " 
Jko. Roche. Cor. Sec, Wellington St. ** 

69, ATLANTA, GA.— Meets every Satardiir 
eve., at 7 :S0 P. M.. in Ga. R. R, Depot 

Wm. F. Woobs, 0. E., Ga. R. R. Shops Atlaate, 

W. G.RfOHAJiDS. F. A.E..M. A W. R.R., Atlan- 
ta* Ga. 

Address all communications to Wm. F. Wooiml 

70, TORONTO. ONT.-Meets Ist and Sd Sbil. 
nrdays of each month, at 8 P. M., at 39 King 
street, west. 

John Field, C. E., Box 256, Toronto* Ont 
Hugh McLennak. P. A. E., " « ^ - 

PA.— Meets every bunday at 2 P. M., in Tempsr- 
anee Hall, 546 East York St 

F. L. Mebshon, C. £.. 543 Aromlngo St., Phila- 
delphia, Pa> 

Damiel H. Fowler, F. A. K, No. 664 Bast York 
street, Philadelphia, Pa., to whom all ooirea- 
pondenee must be addressed. 

72. AMBOY, ILL.— Meets every two 
Friday and Saturday eve alternately. 

F. Wesoott. C. H., box 109. Amboy. niinois- 

G. R. RoBBiNS, F.A. E., Box 1236 ** 
L R. Pattebson. Cor. See, 

73, MADISON. WIS.— Meets every Satuday 
evening cor. Capitol Park. 

C. T. Smith. C. E., Box 80. Madison Wis. 
C. McCollum. F. a. B.. Box 602 " •• 
R. Toombs, cor. Sec. 827 Claybom 8t„ MHwwi- 

_74, HARRIfSBURG, PA.-Meets in OoReia 

Block, 3d St, alternate Saturday eves., and Saa- 

day afternoons. 

B. HoprMASTEE, 0. B., Box 160. HsRishviv I^ 

J. A. Sfoksleb. P. A. E., " .."-•«' 

Digitized by 




T\ IIB\DINQ, PA.- Meets alternate Saturday 
trcB.. and i^anday afternoons, commencioff Octo- 
ber 2d, 1870, at 729 Peon street 

Wm. Habtmak. C £ . Box 226. Reading, Pa. 

RJ.RArcH,F A.E, " " " 

Wii,RLRirrs,Cor.Sec " " " 


N. C. Stawlky, C. B . Box 21, Catawi!»«a, Pa. 

L a WoODBRiDOR. F. A. B , Box G J, " " 


u Haudat. C. E. . Box 77, Moberly, Mo. 

C KBiowimiLL, F. A. E., " 

W. TROY, N. Y.-Meeta every iBt and 3i Wed- 
nesday, at 333 Rirer street 
cm Oawwbll. a B.. Whitehall, N. Y. 
JoHw E. FAttBKLL, F. A. E., Troy, N. Y. 

88, GRAND ISLAIO), NEa-MeeU every 
W. fl. DuvGAir, C. E., Omaha, Neh. 
A.F. WiLxnw, F. A. E, *' 
KB. Wood, Sor. Sec " - 

77, NEW HAVEN. CONN.-Moeta 1st Monday 
and 3d Tuesday in each month. 

J. J. Qrrrn. C. £., 17 Eld St, New Haven, Ot 
H. a KxAPP, F. A. E., 4<5 Lyons St, ** 

78, LOUISVILLE. KY.-Meet« every Wednes- 
dsvatl:SO P. M., N. E. oor. llth and Qreeo Sts. 

J. L MooBK, C. E., No. 217 W, Broadway, Louis- 

J. A. Saxvord, F. a. E., No. 241, 12th street, 
Loaisviile, Ky. 

F. Snauxo. Cor. Sec., No. 358. 6th St Louis- 
TiUeKy. ^^ 

79, MALONE, N. Y.— Meets every Satarlay 
sre. I 

0. W. Sc!n>xBi.ASD, C. E , Malone, N, Y. 

W. H. Gray, F. A- B , box 345, Malone, " 
to whom all oommuoications should be addressed I 

80, MACON, GA. ! 
JavisBoovr. C E.. Macon, Ga. 

E G. Van Valkcnbcrq. F. A. B., Macon, Ga. 

Meets 2d and 4th Saturday eve. of each month. 

C. Hubbard. C. E . box 2^13, Kan. City, Mo. 
R. Husrar, F. A. £., Wyandotte, Kiui. 

J.G.FoRNia8,Cor.Seo.** 68, 

82, UHRICKSVXLLE, O.-Meets every Tuee- 
day eve at Red Men's Hall, on Third street 

W. A. Andrbson 0. E., Uhricksville, 0. 

C. A. Huirr, F A. E., Box 73, 

83, PACIFIC CITY. MO.-Meets in Masonic 
Hall. 1st and 3d Snnda^ each month, at 2 P. M. 

F. Catok. C. E, Box27PaoifioOity. Mo. 
J. L. Parish, F. A. E, 

84, RUTLAND. TT— Meets 1st Friday eve. at 
8 P. M.J and 3d Sunday at 2 P . M., of each month, 
tn Bnnneers' Hall, Merchants' Exchange. 

C. & Clapp,0. E., Bennington, Vt. 

B> L. SriABirs, F. A. £.. Box 50. Rutland Vt. 

85, ST. ALBANS, VT.-Meets Ist Thursday 
ud 3d Wednesday, in Vt 0. R K, depot, at 7 :30 

D. koiBALL, C. B., Drawer 65. St Albaat. Vt 
F. T. Hjctry. F.. a. E. , * 

Meets every Thursday eva at 7 o'oloek, P. M., in 
" tineenr^HalL 

Jno. CAROHI.L, C. £.. Box 59. Point St Charlee, 

Montreal. P. Q. 
Adolphus Davis. F. A. E., St Johns. P. Q. 

90. POTTSVILLE. PA.-Mects in the Town 
Hall, on the Ist and 31 Sunday of each month. 

, D. A. LWB. a E., Box 585, Pottsviile, Pik 

John Starrbtt, F. A. E. 
J. CoDLiN, Cor. Secretary. " " 

91. HUNTSVILLE, ALA.- Meets every Safcur- 
day eve., at 8 o'clock, over Shanklin A Co.'s store. 
Washington street 

U. N BcB 

. _ _ ICRKORD, C. E., B«x 51, Huntsville, Ala. 
J. H. B tCKALKw. F. A. E. 51, ** •• 

92. PBORIA, ILL.-MeeiB Ist and 3d Satnrdar 
eves., of each n.onth, cor. of Adam and Main Sta 
H. E. Skrlky, C. B.. Box 990, Peoria, III, 

J. H. Baxtrr, F. a. E., Box 1341, •• " 
E. R M oClintock, Cor. Sec., Box l.T(8, " " 

9.J, JACKSON,~TJE:NN.-Moeto Ist and 3d Sat- 
urdays ol each month, in Sons Temperance BaU. 

A. CuNNi.voHAw, C. E.. Box 124. Jackson, Tenn. 

H. K. WlTHKRSPOON. F. A. K, '* 

94, MT. savage. MD— Meets IstandSd Mon- 
da^s of each month, in Odd Fellows' Halt 
J, RiCR. C. E., Mt Savage. Md. 
J. Rkaoan. F. a. E., 

^ 93. CINCINNATI, O.-Meeta Ist and 3d Satur- 
days of each month, cor. 3d and Mill SU. 

E. Wall, C. £.. 23 Hannibal St, Cincinnati, 0. 

J. H. Griffith, F. A. £., 47 Bates St, Indiana- 
poUg. Ind. 

96. WEST CHICAGO. ILL—Meets evety 
Thursday eve at 119 Milwaukee avenue. 

G. G. Sinclair, C. E., 319 North Paulina street. 

D. J. Murphy, F. A. E., No. 68 North Peoria 
street. Chicago, HI., to whom all oorrespondenoa 
must be addressed. 

97, SOUTH BALTIMORE, MD.-Meets everr 
Saturday eve., cor. Baltimore and Green streets. 

Wm. Galloway, C, F., No. 138 MoHenry street 
J. McKuRDY, F. A. B , 484 West Lambert St 
C. W. Srlby. Cor. Secretary, 33 South Republi- 
can street 

96, SUNBURY, PA,~Meet8 at 2 P. M., 1st and 
3d Sundap^ in each month, in Odd Fellows' Hall. 

E. B. Mitchell, C, E., Sunbury. Pa. 
E. J. Israel. F. A. E.. 

99, WATER VALLEY, MISS. -Meets 1st and 
3d Saturday of each month, at 7 P. M. 

J. E. Bbcton, C. K. Box 96, Water Valley. Mi» 
N. Grkknkr, F. a. E.. " 


R. Cabtkr, C. E, Box 245, Wilmington, N. 0. 
L. B. Lyows. F. A. E . " 


L. P. Kuhn.C. B..K F, k P.R.R.Biohmond,VK 
J. O'BgiRN, F. A. B., R. A P. K R., ** ** 

102, AUSTIN. MINN.-Meets every Satuidaj 
eve., in Odd Fellows' Hall. 

S. R. Clark, C. E,, North MoGregor, Iowa, 

B. N, Lrwib, F, a, B., Box 209, Auatin, Minn. 

W. T,— Meets every Saturday eve. 

B.C. Howard. C. B.. Look box 61, Laraine,W.T. 
G. W. KcCAUiaH, F. A. E., Box 83^ Rawlinga» 
W. T. 

Digitized by 




104, COLUMBIA, PA.-Meets ewy^Sftturday 
^voTnezt door above Ck>Iuinbia Bank, Looiut bt 

N, GiLMAH, C, B., Colttmbia, Pa, 

R.O.YouNaF.A.B.. *;, " 

A, i*, GuiLB S, Cor. See, 

105, NEW YORK dTY.-Meeto at m B. «th 
Btreet on Ist Wedneeday at 10 A. M.. M W^nee- 
dayVt 7>i P. M., 4th Monday at 10 A. M., of each 
inontn* ■■ j^t 

N. W. HoLBBOOK, 0. B,. eor. 43d street and 4th 
Avenue, Harleni Engine Houae. _ . „ _ 
Jambs BAi ap, F. A. B. Hariem Engine Houae. 

lOe, BELLOWS FALLS, VT.-Meets Ist a^d 3d 
Thonday in each month, oor. Bridge and Canal 
itieete, at 8 o'olook P, M. « ,^, „ ^ „ 

A. H- Kingsbury, C. B., Bp« 574, Keene, N. H. 

a. S. Blakb, F . A, B .,Boi263, BeUows FallB,Vt 

107, ST. JOSBPH, MO.— Meets in their Hall 
every Saturday eve. «,,.„, « « 

David Kimhamajt. C, B., H. A St Joe R. R. 
shops, St Jf^seph, Mo. ^ « « « qo« 

aKPiokle, F. a. E. and Cor. Sec. Box 828, 
St Jo seph, Mo. 

108, WINNBMUCCA. NBV.-Meets 1st Satur^ 
day and 3d Friday in moh month, in Engineers' 

J. Doris, C. B,, Box 96, Winnemuooa, Ney. 
L . W. PARxmjRaT, F. A, E., Box 96 ** 

100. BORDENTOWN, N. J.-Meet« in Odd Fel- 
lows' Hall, No. 46. Prinre St , 
T. Brady, C. B., Box 147, Bordentown, N. J. 
Address J. K. Rktnolds, F. A. E., _ 

Meets first three Saturday nights in each month 
at7:30i).m.,inHoneerHaU 7th street between 
J and K streets. . _ „ „ „ , 

H. L, &riPHtK80N, C. B ., and Cor. Sec SacCal . 

A. C. Waltxkspiil, F. A. B., Lock Box No. 224, 

Sacramento, Oal. ^ 

111, PETERSBURGH. VA. -Meets Ist and 3d 
Saturday evenings of each month, in Library 

M. J. Rrams, C. B., S. S . R. R., Petersburg, Va. 
Jas. Shanks, F. A. E ., " ^ 

112, OTTUMWA, IA.-Meet8l8t and 3d Satur- 
day eves of each month, in Engineen' Hall, near 

J. D. Cabtrb, C. B., Ottumwa, la. 
Gio. & Bkst, F. a. E.. Burlington, la. 
Jas. Carpkntkr, Cor. Sec., Box 44, Ottumwa. 

113, DBS MOINBS. I A.-Moets every Saturday 
•ve, cor. Locust and 5th streets. East 

•G. W. Slaor. C. B., Box 195, Des Moines, l^, 

114, WATERLOO, lA -Meets in Odd Fellows 
Hall, on Saturday and Monday eves, alternately, 
everv two weeksL 

0. w. Baldwin, C. Em Box 721, Waterloo, la. 
L. H. Harvry, F. A. B.. Box 285, Dubuque, la. 
to whom all correspondence must be addressed. 

115, KNOXVILLB. TBNN.-Meets in Engi- 
neers' Hall, Market Square, at 7 P. M., every Sat- 
curday eve. 

JTB. PiCKim, C. B., Box 280, KnoxviUe, Tenn. 
N. LOKO, F. A. E.. 

MIOH.~Meets in Everett's Block, Main street. 
every Saturday eve. 

J. B. Brown. C. B.. Marquette. Mieh. 

117. ERIE. PA.— Meets at U16 State street, ev- 
ery Sunday, at 1:30 P.M. 

0. H. WxRKS, C. B:, 51 West Uth St. Erie. Pa. 
W. H. Sahduskt. F. a. E., 


W. Brownlow. C. E., BrockviUe. Out 

J. S. Mathrrs, F. A.JL^ _^] ]] 

"ll9,Tlfrsf 6':^ PA.--Meet8 1st Tuesday and 
3d Tnursday eves in each month, at Bngineen' 

LuTR Welch, C. B.. lock box 859, Pittston. Pa. 

H. H. Brown.F. A. B., ** 

120, MOBILE. ALA.— Meets every Sunday, in 
Masonic HalU Whistler. Ala., at 7 : 30 P. M. 

Jas. Htndr, C. E., Whistler, Ala. 

A. Rrid, F, a. B., 

121, BFFINGHAM, ILL.— Meets over dilbert'e 
Drug Store, on Jefferson Street the Ist and Srd 
Sundays of each month. 

Addrees all communications to 0. T. Mn.r.R«. 
C. B., Box 34, Bffiogham, III. 

C. A. Sa nborn, F. A. B. 

122, WILKES BARRB, PA.— Meets 1st Sunday 
and 3d Tuesday of each month, in L. and S. d»- 

D. H. DoTTRRBR, C. B., HendrioksbuTgh. Pa. 
M. L. TipPAHY, F. A. B. . Sugar Notch. Pa. 

123, NEW ORLEANS, LA.-Meets lat and 34 
Sun<Uy of each month in Odd Fellows' HalL 

F. W. FiKLDXR, C. B.. cor. Xhalia and Howard 
Sts., N. 0., La. 

J. T. Rbnbao, F . A. B., 282, CaUiope SL, N. . 

124, MAUOH CHUNK, PA,-Meets every Than 
day eve, in Mechanics' Hall, Race St. 

H. Brblsford, C. K. Mauch Chunk. Pa. 


125, CLINTON, IA.-Meets in Odd FWlows- 
Hall, 5th ave, on 2d and 4th Mondays in eaoh 

B. E. BoAM, C. B., Box 776, Clinton. la. 
L. ZiRORNFUS. F. A, B,^ 612 

T. S. Prrntiob. Cor. Sec. 

126, COMPANY SHOPS. N. C-Meets Ist and 
3d Saturday of each month, at 3 P« M. 

W. R. Blakk, C. B., Com. Shops, Alamance Co.. 

'J.Q.Brqwbr,F. A.B.. '* 

127, BEARDSTOWN, ILL.-Meets every Wed- 
nesday Evening in Masonic Hall. 

ETS. Nrwrll, C. E.. Beardstowne. 111. 
A. H. Roman, F. A. B. 


Jas. McKay, C £., Meridian, Mins. 

E. N. Bkll. F. a. B. " 


Digitized by 




Having recently made some yery important improyementa m our Yard and 
T&nk Cranes, rendering them more simple, compact, and easier operated, we 
regpectfally call the attention of Railroad Managers to the same. They can be seen 
in operation on the Erie Railway, the Delaware, Lackawana & Western, the Lehigh 
Valley, the Datchess k Columbia and the Morris & Essex R. R*s, where they have 
been thoroughly tested and their merits fully established! 

They are not affected by frost, waste no water consequently cost nothing to 
keep the tanks and tracks free from ice. The Yard Cranes are substantial and 
ornamental. Their use dispenses with the necessity of Water Tanks being close to 
the track, thus keepini; out of range of the Locomotive's sparks, buildings Uable to 
take fire, also dispenses with the necessity of building Water Tanks when in reach 
of Reservoirs or W titer Works. 

As will be noticed by enffrarings, the fireman operates tbe Crane and supply valve flbm bis posi- 
tion on the Tender. There is no part of them sufaoeot to friction^ so that there is no reason why thev 
•hould wear out The valve being balanced, it can be worked with ease under any pressure, and if 
not liable to derangement or leakage. They are believed to be the best arrangement for the purpose 
u yet devised. They nre the result of Uie labor and experience of years of one practically engued in 
this branch of the service, and confidence is enteitained that investigation and fiirther trial will 
develop more points of excellence than claimed, and their universal adoption become a neoeaaitj. 

TstKmonial from the Brotherhood q/ Loeomodoe' 3mnMr% Port Jert^ New Forfc. 

L. T. K£ICHUM, Esq., Pkab Sir : At a meeting of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
Division 54, held at their rooms, Wednesday evening, July 2lBt, 1869, it was unanimously resolved to 
idd their testimony in &vor of your late improved Yard and Tank Cranes now in successfhl use on 
the Erie Bailway. It was tbe unanimous opinion and agreement of-all present, that the Cranes are 
hi iuperior to anything of the kind heretofore invented or used for the purpose. That having tested 
for themaelvee the many advantages of these Cranes over all others known to them, they cbeerftiUy 
Neommend their introduction and use by all Railroad Companies, believing trom experience, that 
fiiey will do all and even more than you claim for them. 
iBiikul J. W. WEED., C. B., J. H. COOKSON, F. A. B., F. ABBOTT, Bx-a B.. Division 54. 

For farther ii^ormaticn]addrem li. T. KETCBTUll Wfc CO., 

Pork Jervia, Oranffe Co., IT. T. 

Digitized by 



Manafactarers of the 


Pressure and Yacunm 







^ ' •PORTER ffAND LAMPS, etc. ' 


Mann&etory ft Offloe, Cor. WasMngton ft Perry Sts., 
I: t ^iJiviKj^p"**"- BUFFALO, N. Y. 

Head Lights altered to our Improved Goal Oil BarB«)r. Reflectors Re-Plated. 
Ganges of all kiods and Locomotive Balances Repaired at Short Notice. 

> !l 

■ ^ ■^■^"'<^P-^^^"^^r^^-^^— ^^^'^^■'^»-l^>-^Wi'^MP''^^^^B.''»M»-'^M>'^iMP''<MP"^S^ 

Digitized by 


. MAY, 1871. 


' . Digitfeed by 




mrim. SEX1I.ERS A CO., 

No. 1000 Hamilton Street^ 





With Ball and Socket Bearings, and Double Gone Vise Oonplings, admiltiiMP 
of the easiest possible adjastment A complete assortment of PULLEY ud 
WHEEL PATTERNS, from which Castings or Finished Work will be fnmiflhecL 
Sole mannfactni^ and licensers for 



Digitized by 




Vol. 5. 

MAY, 1871. 

No. 5. 

Tbe Ballrosid Hen's International 

Ednoation is the great headlight that 
illaminatcs the pathway that leads to 
distinction, to prosperity, and to hap- 

That a necessity exists for a system- 
atic Railroad education, we think a 
great majority of our pnblio men will 

Wo propose to organize a School for 
the instruction of young men that de- 
«ire to obtain a practical, as well as a 
theoretical education, that relates to 
all departments of railroad construc- 
tion, and operation. 

Our plan is to purchase a large tract 
of land, convenient to some city, and 
general Railroad thoroughfare, which 
would be suitable to make all practical 
experiments in building and operating 
Railroads; the more difficulties to be 
overcome, such as bridging, tunneling, 
excessive grades, sharp curves, etc., the 
better for our purpose. We should 
want extensive buildings for school 
and living purposes; also shops where 
all machinery could be constructed 
and scientific experiments conducted. 

We propose to divide the instruc- 
tion into as many grades as there is 
departments of employees and officials 
on a Railroad, and obtain the services 
of a competent person to preside over 
eaeh department But while we are 
glTing practical instructions we do not 

propose by any means, to neglect any- 
thing that is neoessory to obtain a 
good English education, so far as book 
learning is concerned. 

We would graduate the tuition to 
conform to the department the student 
graduated in. Making the whole to 
fully cover all the expenses of the Col- 

Perhaps enough has been written to 
indicate our plan in general terms. 
We will simply add in this connection, 
that we propose to organize a school 
that will interest the student, whUe it 
will give him a thorough education, 
and at the same time thoroughly fit 
him to fill any position his abilities 
and practical demonstrations would 
warrant the Faculty of the College in 
recommending him as being capable 
of filling. 

The different departments would be 
conducted with the sole view to leam 
the student, and make him proficient 
in whatever he wished to learn. 

We know that many objections will 
be raised, but they can all be provided 
for, and answered satisfactorily, and 
a Railroad College can be founded 
that will do more to educate the young 
men of America than any one college or 
school in existence, besides it will edu- 
cate a dass of men that are more 
needed at the present time than any 
one thing that can be mentioned. 

The reason why our yonng men 
would attend such a school and take 

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an interest in it, is because it would 
be a novelty, and they would be 
amused and interested while they wero 
being learned. 

There are thousands of bright intel- 
ligent youDg men in the country that 
cannot be indaced to attend such 
schools as we have at present, who 
would eagerly embrace the opportuni- 
ty offered to attend our Bailroad Col- 
lege, and not only make good scholars, 
but good citizens. 

How many Bailroad men have sons 
that are spending their time idly; 
their fathers are out on thd road most 
of the time and cannot look after their 
welfare; the boys all want to obtain 
work, but cannot be induced to go to 
school, or do anything except some- 
thing coDuected with the Railroad. 
Now all such bo>s would be highly 
elated to go to the Bailroad School, 
* once there, they would be kept under 
strict dieipline« and no doubt in most 
•ases would make first class men and 
useful citizens. 

To found such a college, it would 
take a largo amount of money, and 
of course it would be necessary to in- 
terest all classes of Bailroad men to 
take hold and help carry the project 
out. No one class could afford the 
means, but with all united the burden 
would be light, and no doubt the in- 
vestment would be remunerative after 
the college was fully established. 

Our Bailroad managers and owners 
should have an interest in such a 
school. It would be a capital place to 
experiment with all new inventions 
that are applicable to Bailroads, and a 
Board of Examination could be organ- 
ized that would save immense sums to 
the Bailroad companies. 

Of course we do not expect that it 
wotdd be possible to carry out the fall 

detail of the plan we have sug- 
gested at once, but it could be begun 
in a small way, and enlarged as its ne- 
cessities and patronage would seem 
to warrant 

We propose that the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers take the initia- 
tive step in this great undertaking, 
and invite all other classes of Railroad 
employees and officials to join with 
them in founding a school that will 
not only be an honor to them as men, 
but an honor to the age in which they 
live, and a benefit to mankind through- 
out the world. 

Let us make the effort to interest 
all classes of Bailroad men to join us 
in this much needed work, and fully 
discuss the feasibility and propriety 
of this plan in our Division meetings, 
and consider if we can do better than 
to invest our Widows' and Orphans* 
Fund in stock for the purpose of 
founding **The Bailroad Man's Inter- 
national College/' 

Chables Wilson, 

a 0. E. 


In the March No. of Joui nal appears 
the name of C. S. Higgins, expelled 
for non-payment of dues. This is an 
error, as Bro. Higgins joined Div. No. 
95 by Card, Dec. 18ih, 187U. We 
make this correction tJiat Bro. H. may 
not be ranked among the black sheep. 
In this connection we would impress 
upon the minds of all the importance 
of complying with Section 5 of Art, 5 
By-Laws, as this is the second Bro. 
reported as expelled from 44, when 
they were members of other Divisions 
but the proper notice had not been 
given of the depositing of card. 

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Diamond Necklace. 

BT O, H. B. 

Continued from April Number. 

Some days after this <he Cardinal 
again called upon the jewelers, and sub* 
mitted to them written conditions. In 
these it was stipulated that whereas 
the necklace had been estimated at 
one million six hundred thousand 
livres, if that sum should be deemed 
excessive then it was to be appraised ; 
that payment sbould be made in two 
years, in four equal installments, at 
iatervals of six months; and that, pro- 
vided the conditions were agreed to 
on both ftideH, the necklace should be 
delivered on the first of February. 
These conditions meeting the appro- 
val of the jewelers they accepted them, 
and signed the paper, and the Cardi- 
nal without naming his principal. 

The document thus signed, the Car- 
dinal transmitted to Madame De La- 
motte, to be submitted to the queen. 
Two days afterwards it was returned 
to him. In the margin was written 
approvtdH of each article, and at the 
foot appeared the signature of Mabik 
Antoinette, op France. 

The Cardinal now informed the 
jewelers that the bargain was ratified, 
and they, on their part, were punctual 
in delivering the necklace on the stip- 
ulated day. On its reception he in- 
formed them that it had been pur- 
chased by order of the queen, and 
placed in their hands a copy of her 
ratification of th^ terms of the con- 
tract, and told them he was author- 
ized to say, that it was the intention 
of herm«»je9ty that the interest accru- 
ing on tbe unpaid balances, should be 
paid at the same time lespectively 
with the principal. 

That the Cardinal might be, if pos- 
sible, more fully convinced that he was 
acting with the knowledge and by 
tbe express wishes of the queen, 
Madame De Lamotte had directed him 
that when he should have completed 
the bargain, and bad received the 

necklace, to proceed with it himself to 
the palace at Versailles, where, it was 
not impossible, he might be admitted 
to an audience of the queen. In ac- 
cordance with these instructions, and 
elated with the prospect of receiving 
personal marks of the royal favor, he 
proceeded to Yersaillep, accompanied 
])y his valet de chambre, Louis 
Schreiber, who carried the precious 
treasure in a box. He went directly 
to the hoase of Madame de Lamotte, 
who, indeed, had taken care that he 
should do so, and presented the treas- 
ure to her, informing her that all her 
instructions had been fulfilled, and 
that he now awaited her further 

"Cardinal M. de Rohan,** said she, 
'•I have to congratulate you on the 
satisfactory manner in which you have 
executed the trnst confided to you by 
her niHJe&ty, and I am instructed 
to inform you that she is gratified 
with the zeal you have evinced in 
her service." and, she added "permit 
me to ad vine you that a continuance 
of the discretion I have heretofore 
urged, and which you have so well ob- 
served, will contribute much to en- 
hance the favor with which you are 
now regarded. At the queen's good 
pleasure you will be called to her pres- 
ence. The necklace she expects, and 
I am in momentary expectation of re- 
ceiving a mesBflgd from her in regard 
to it." 

A few moments afterward a servant 
appeared and announced a message 
from the queen. Ordering him admit* 
t«d, the messenger appeared and de- 
livered a note. Madame Da Lamotte 
bade him retire for a moment, and ap- 
proaching the Cardinal, she read the 
note, requesting the delivery of the 
box to the messenger. He was ac- 
cordingly recalled, the box placed in 
hiii hands, and he retired. 

The imposture is now consumated. 
Madame De Lamotte has in 
her possession the coveted treas- 
ure. The design she had entertained 
from the first is accomplished; and by 
a oombined syst^^m of the most consu- 
mate deceptions she has imposed not 
only on the credulity of the Cardinal 
and the jewelers, but everywhere she 

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18 regarded aa a lady moat highly hon- 
oved by the indmaey and oonfldence 
of the qaeen. 

Although the Cardinal had been so 
completely deluded, yet there aeems 
to have been in hie mind a constant 
deaire for more definite proofs of his 
restoration to the favor of her majesty, 
and with this object in view, he di- 
reoted his valet u> attend M. Gher- 
ardi, an officer of the regiment of 
Alsatia, to a dinner given by the queen 
two days after the delivery of the neck- 
lace, and to observe how she was 

Although the valet reported that 
there was nothing unusual in her 
dress, or in the adornment of her per- 
son, still the circumstance made no 
unfavorable impression on the Car- 

A few days after he met, at Ver- 
sailles, M. Boehmer, his wife, and M. 

"Have you,'* he asked ''presented 
your grateful acknowledgments to the 
queen for having made the purchase 
of your necklace ?*' 

On their replying in the negative he 
continued : '*! want to impress upon 
you the propriety of doing this with- 
out delay, and not only wUi your in- 
terest be served by so doing, but it is 
a duty you owe to Madame De La- 
motte as well, in view of the kindness 
she has done you by interesting her- 
self in the matter." And she repeated 
his request whenever he afterwards 
met them. 

The queen, however, did not wear 
the necklace, and, though the Cardi- 
nal was disappointed and surprised, 
Madame De Lamotte was ingenius and 
ready in suggesting excuses and as- 
signing reasons, which prevented him 
from entertaining any suspicion of de- 
ception in the matter. 

Duriugthe month of May the Cardi- 
nal viEited Saveme, and did not return 
till about the middle of June. When 
he had been absent some two weeks 
Madame De Lamotte also visited Sa- 
veme, though the journey was of some 
days' length, to inform him that she 
had obtained the permission of an in- 
terview with the queen, on his retorn. 
She reasoned that a journey of two 

hundred leagues, made solely for the 
purpose of being the personal beurer 
of so welcome intelligence, would con- 
vey to the mind of the Cardinal an im- 
gression of reality that must confirm 
im in the belief of his good fortune. 
And so it proved. This evidence of 
interest on her part more fully estab- 
lished the Cardinal in the delusion 
practiced upon him. Madame De La- 
motte knew that her ingenuity could 
devise pretexts to defer the execution 
of the promise, and she had never 
found herself at a loss for them. 

Toward the end of June, however, 
the Ctirdinal began to press the good 
lady to account for the delay of the 
queen in wearing the necklace. Be- 
coming somewhat urgent in his de- 
mands, she said : 

*'£ will tell you the real motive. It 
is stipulated, as you know, in the con- 
ditions, that if the price of one mil- 
lion six hundred thousand li vres should 
be considered too high, the necklaoe 
should be appraised. The queen 
thinks the price exorbitant, and it 
must either be abated, or the necklace 
must be valued. Till this is done sbe 
will not wear it." 

**Madame,*' said the Cardinal, "I 
am deeply mortified that I have not 
been apprised of this before, but I 
will consult the jewelers in regard to 
the matter." 

The next day he called upon Messrs. 
Boehmer & Bassange. They were 
much annoyed, but not the first 
thought of deception entered their 
minds, and they were submissive. 
They consented to receive one million 
four hundred thousand livres, or the 
appraised value at the option of the 

The Cardinal communicated their 
decision to Madame de Lamotte, and 
a few days afterward she submitted to 
him anoUier forged letter, which sig- 
nified the intention of the queen to 
keep the necklace. When she had 
finished reading the letter to the Car* 
dinal she continued : 

"And, now, M. de Bohan, I am in- 
structed to desire you to communicate 
to Messrs. Boehmer and Bassange the 

Sleasure of her majesty at tibeir con- 
uot in the matter; and to signify to 

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them her intention to pay ihem one 
hundred thonsana livres over the first 
fttipolated price, instead of accepting 
any abatement/* 

This announcement greatly elated 
the Gardinaly and he replied : 

**I shall at once proceed to acquaint 
Messrs. Boehmer k Bassange with this 
happy result, and I shall now inbist 
that they no longer delay to pre- 
sent their acknowledgments to ner 
majesty. I have often urged them to 
do so, and now I will give them no 
peace till they comply." 

This remaark, of coarse, made Mad- 
ame de Lamotte aware that here was a 
danger which she had not guarded 
against; but, without manifesting any 
undue interest, she casually remarked, 
ae the Cardinal was bowing himself 
out : 

'*It would be well that Messrs Boeh- 
mer & Bassange send a letter of thanks 
to the queen, and certainly they ought 
no longer to neglect doing so; and you 
may inform them if they desire I wDl 
see that it is prssented to her ma- 

Accordingly the Cardinal, at once, 
waited on the jewelers, informing 
them of the decision of the queen, and 
complaining of their omission to pre- 
sent their acknowledgments to her, 
and refusing to leave tbem until they 
had written a letter of thanks. This 
they did in the following terms: 

'Madams: — We are too happy to 
have to believe that the last arrange- 
ments which have been proposed to 
us, and which we have most respect- 
fully and gladly accepted, are a new 
proof of our submission and devotion 
to your majesty; and we have a true 
satisfaction in believing that the most 
beautiful set of diamonds in the world 
will be worn by the greatest and best 
of queena'* 

It will be remembered that the Car- 
dinal had, early in his acquantance 
with Madame de Lamotte, and at her 
solicitation, contributed one hundred 
and sixty tbousmd livres, (nearly 
thirty thousand dollars), to assist the 
distressed friends of the queen. At 
that time Madame was in actual 
poiury. and this sum had suddenly 
raised her to comparative affluence. 

But her lavish extravagance always 
kept pace with the replenishing of her 
purse. Her jeweler's bill alone, even 
in the month of Januarv, had reached 
the sum of twenty-five thousand livres. 
But after the first of Februarv, when 
she obtained possession of the neck- 
lace, bow her prodigality increased ! 
She purchased the most superb furni- 
ture to be had in Paris, and paid for it 
in diamonds. Bead^ money could be 
easily raised upon diamonds. Among 
manv of her friends she was known as 
the lady of diamonds. Her husband, 
too, hterally biased with diamonds. 
They both went on an excursion to 
England, and defrayed their liberal 
expenditnres by the sale and the mort- 
gage of diamonds. At several jewel- 
ers in London, diamonds were lodged 
to be sold, and diamonds to be mount- 
ed. It was afterward proven that 
they sold, in London, diamonds to the 
value of six hundred thousand livres, 
and left with one jeweler, Jeules Pra- 
dieux, in the Btrand, diamonds to be 
set to the value of ninety thousand 

They had been in England some 
three weeks, when, sudn* uiy, Madame 
returned to Paris, leuMig her hus- 
band in London. Among some of 
her acquaintances, in her absence, 
doubts had been expressed in regard 
to the legitimacy of this sudden acqui- 
sition of wealth, and the genuinesa of 
the alleged intimacy and friendship of 
the queen. These expressions nad 
been reported to her through channels 
of information which she had taken 
the caution to provide, when leaving 
Paris. Her adroitness and ingenuity 
soon hushed all such rumors, and more 
fully than ever all were persuaded that 
she was indeed one of the most highly 
favored and fortunate of individuals. 
But she desired to prepare her friends 
for still greater magnificence and un- 
usual eclat, on the return of her hus- 
band from London, and she gave out 
that he had been wonderfully fortu- 
nate in bets on the race-oourae. 

Soon after his return, M. Perreqnex, 
a banker of Paris, cashed for him a 
draft on London, for eight hundred 
and sixtv two thousand livres. He at 
once adopted the most splendid 

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style of liWng. Pearls, jewels, horses, 
Uveries, eqaipages, stataes, bronzes, 
vases, paintiags — nothing was too 
dear for him; and the jewelry box of 
his wife was not estimated at less than 
two hundred and fifty thousand 

I lit is now the eighteenth of JuIt. 
The time of the first payment is nearly 
at hand. It will arrive on the thirty- 
first. ' For the first time, since enter- 
ing on her grand scheme of deception, 
Madame de Lamotte begins to feel 
doubts and misgivings, and she now 
seems, for the first time, to realize, in 
some degree, the dangerous position 
in which she stands; and this feeling 
of dread is further augmented by a 
call from the Cardinal. On the twen- 
ty-first of July it happened that the 
queen's hand- writing fell under his 
observation, and the difference be- 
tween it and the forged approvals sur- 
prised him greatly. 

** Madame," said he, on entering her 
presence, ' *I have called upon you for 
an explanation of a matter that^ I will 
not attempt to deny, disturbs me. I 
have recently seen the hand- writing of 
her majesty, and it is by no means, 
the same as appears in the articles of 
approval relating to the necklace." 

Madame de Lamotte was quite un- 
disturbed, apparently. 

"Why, Cardinal," she said smiling- 
ly, ''there certainly is no cause for un- 
easiness in that. It is true I have 
never seen her majasty write, but I 
entertain no doubt the approvals are 
in her own hand. And I call Heaven 
to witness that I received from the 
queen herself the orders I have from 
time to time, transmitted to you, and 
that the necklace has gone into the 
possession of her majesty. And why 
should you be disturbed, or in doubt? 
I shall, within a week, remit to you, 
from her, over four hundred thousand 
livres, to pay the first installment on 
the purchase. But I will inform her 
majesty of your alarm, and, doubtless 
she will relieve yon from any further 
trouble in the matter." 

''Not at alll not at all! Madamel I 
do not desire to be releived from any 
trouble about it, and, indeed, it is a 
pleasure to serve her mrjesty in any 

way I can. I deemed it my duty to 
speak to you about this matter, but I 
see I have been foolish. Pardon me 
for troubling you. I am perfectly sat- 
isfied, and I beg of you command my 
services as heretofore." 

The Cardinal left her with his ap- 
prehensions entirely quieted. His 
suspicions were forgotten. He no 
longer distrusted, and he was again 
plunged in the delusion of which he 
had so long been the sport, and of 
which he was soon to be the victim. 

The Motto of the Brotherhood. 
11, TRUTH. 

The principle of truth is one of the 
most sublime qualities with which the 
character of the upright man is graced, 
and, in all ages we have been called 
upon to admire it in the abstract, and 
to render homage to those noble spirits 
who have died rather than be false to 
themselves and their convictions of 

Truth, the radiant maiden, seems 
so fair and beautiful, as, clothed in 
robes of purest hue and texture, and 
surrounded by beams of golden light, 
she invites us to come and traverse 
with her the path over which her sun- 
ny pinions carry her with graceful 
ease, but where our poor feet, clogged 
with falsehood and deceit, stumble 
and blunder until we are ready to 
halt by the wayside. It requires a 
good deal of courage to be a true man, 
to maintain the right at all times and 
in all places, in the face of opposition 
and ridicule, and worse than these, of 
persecution unto death. 

There is the truth that renders a 
man careful of his word, and leads 
him to make no promises that he can- 
not falfill. He who possesses and 
values it is careful that his commu- 
nication shall be yea, yea, and nay, 
nay. The quick scorn of deceit, 
the total contempt of a lie, or all 
that approaches one, are as foreign to 
the disposition of some as they are 
part of the inborn natures of others, 
and we can forgive in their posession 
a good deal of irascibility, or blunt- 

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iiess of speech. When we know that 
« man*B word is good as his bond, 
with what confidenoe do we lean upon 
tiiin as upon a trusty stAfL It seems 
eo easy to be true, and yet how hard 
it is. To a weak spirit even the ef- 
fort neoessary to keep to the exact 
letter of the trnth is sometimes diffi- 
cult, especially when a slight swerv- 
ing from a direct line will shield one 
from blame, or exalt one a little in 
the opinion of others. We all like to 
stand well in the eyes of our com- 
panions, and it requires somewhat 
of courage to even acknowledge our- 
selves in the wrong, or when an ac- 
cident happens to say that the fault 
was ours. 

And trnth means something more 
than merely abstinanoe from false- 
hood. It embraces that seeking after 
reality which has led rapt scholars of 
8cIentifio subjects to go on and on, 
from a few scattering data, sifting 
false theories and wrong oondnsions, 
until they have unearthed the hidden 
processes of nature, and made of this 
nineteenth century so grand an era of 
scientific developement. 

The gradual developement of poHti- 
-cal truth has overturned thrones and 
etricken off the chains of slavery; and 
there is more yet to do; the fundamen- 
tal truths of government, of inter- 
course between nations, and relations 
among rulers, are destined to work 
radical changes in the history of the 

And what glorious scenes in all ages 
4ire presented to us in the history of 
religious truth. From the dim mists 
of time arises before us a picture of 
the barbaric splendor of the Roman 
Empire; the Pagan emperor, stately in 
purple and gold, the crowd thronging 
at his chariot wheels, where perchance, 
walked some captive chief, erect in 
native majesty, and casting glances of 
contempt and defiance upon the mnlti- 
4ade for whom he was made a spectacle. 
We see in the midst of all this splen- 
4or and triumph the figure of the 
poor Ohristian waiting before the im- 
perial throne to be condemned for 
daring to follow his own convictions 
of right and adhere to what he knew 
io be the truth. It was so easy to re- 

cant; only a few words and he would 
be a free man. He was only one among 
a host of enemies; those perhaps who 
had been his companions in other 
days stood round with bated breath, 
io see if he would renounce his belief. 
To stand up for the truth was hard in- 
deed when it meant death in the arena, 
at the fangs of wild beasts; but how 
many there were, not only stronff 
men, but delicate women, who would 
not falsify themselves, by subscribing 
to doctrines they felt to be untrue, but 
rather submitted to be torn in pieces 
for the delectation of the multitude, 
or suffered death at the stake amid the 
jeers of an assembled throng. The 
dissimination of religious truth has 
overthrown idols, and built up altars, 
and has earried humble and devoted 
men and women from comfortable 
homes to inhospitable and savage 
shores that they might teach the gos- 
pel and **Gods truth*' to every crea- 

The reformers of the world are few; 
there are, perhaps; none of us who 
will ever be called upon to defend an 
unpopular truth; to uphold fox years, 
a principle in the face of strong oppo* 
sition, of public ridicule, and what is, 
perhaps, still harder to bear, of public 
indifference. But in every one's daily 
life there are numberless occurrences, 
small in themselves, but which go to 
show how far one has developed with- 
in himself the elements of a true man- 
hood, quite as much as if it were 
given him to uphold the banner of re- 
form and progress in the front of life's 

To some it is decreed, and often- 
times does it happen to men in your 
calling, to choose, and that quickly, 
between life and truth to a trust. 
Truth to your manhood maintains you 
at your post, when your inate desire of 
life, the natural shrinking common to 
us all at the near approach of physi- 
cal danger, vour memories of wife and 
child, and all that renders earth dear, 
are tugging at your heartstrings and 
urging you to leap before it is too late. 
But if by staying there remained one 
chance to avert danger from others, to 
save other homes from the doom 
which was to darken one at least for- 

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ever» bow many noble spirits have 
been fonnd who have remained tmeto 
their dnty, and *'gone down with the 
machine." Forever bright in the an- 
nals dear to the hearts of railroad 
men, will stand forth the name of Doo. 
Simmons, who, as related in the pub- 
lished testimony of the fireman, when 
urged bj the latter to j amp, * 'glanced 
at me for an instant, and then looked 
straight ahead at his work again/' 
That look straight ahead, was a look 
straight at his duty, but beyond it lay 
his grave, and one involved the other, 
but ne staid. 

**It wms only bis duty, mark s'ou, 
Jmi his nght and htB plaoe to itay. 

Bat in all the world how few 
Had not chosen the saftr way!" 

What nobler instance of the true 
manhood which would not allow him 
to act falsely to his con victions'of duty 
can be found than in the floating 
newspaper item, which describing one 
of the late frequent railroad disasters, 
records of Enos J. Hooper, the engi- 
neer, that although wounded unto 
death, with his hip and limb crushed 
in four places, by an accident which 
did not entirely stop the engine, he 
dragged his painful way over the pros- 
toate bodies of fireman and brakeman, 
to reverse the lever and sound the 
whistle that a worse calamity might be 
averted ! 

To most of us is given only the rou- 
tine of everyday life; our transactions 
are of the common sort; calliag for no 
display of heroism, and unlikely to at- 
tract the public attention* But none 
the less are we caUed upon to do noth- 
ing which can give the lie to our in- 
ward convictions, or cause (*ur self 
respect to be lowered by the ooncious- 
ness that we have been untrue to our 
higher estimate of our capabilities. 
Be true to your own knowledge of 
what a man should be in all his social 
and business relations, even though 
ttie tide of self interest and public 
opinion set the other way^. It ia your 
motto; maintain it, and give honor to 
it, if you want it should bestow honor 
upon you. 

"Dare to be tine; nothing can need 
A lie." 

H. A. PooiiB, 

SPBoroFiBLD, Mass. 

A Locomotive Engineer's Story. 

BT D. HA8TIV08, JB. 

LookiDg back down the dim railway of 
years, my own life and the countless livea 
with which it has come in contact, seem 
like a big yard crossed and criscrossed in 
every direction with switch-tracks and 
tunioatsso mixed np and entangled that 
no oae bat the Master could trace them 
out and see that not one was laid amiss. 

Railroad operatives make more ac- 
quaintances than almost any other sort 
of men; every one knows them at every 
station, along their line of road. There 
are scores of people whom I have met 
daily for months, or years, as the case 
might be, whose faces were familiar to 
me, but whom I never spoke to, or only 
recognized by a nod, and whose names I 
I bad no cariosity to enquire abont. 
And there are as many others whom I 
never saw but once> or only a few times, 
whom I shall never forget — Jim Rankle 
was one of the last. The first time I ever 
saw him, he came aboard my engine one 
blustering night in mid- winter, while we 
were waiting at Eokemo for the midnight 
express. It did not take long for each of 
as to find out that the other belonged to 
the Brotherhood of locomotive engineers^ 
and once asasured that I was all right* he 
went in without any preliminaries or ex- 
cases, in a way that I liked, to tell ae 
his story. He hailed from Ne w R agland, 
had been up and down through the west- 
ern country as thousands of sanguine 
Yankee boys have done before and since, 
hanting a job. Bat business was dall and 
he had not been successful — except in 
having his pocket picked in Chicago — 
and out of money and out of work« 
among entire strangers, homesick, and 
nearer discouraged than I like to see a 
naturally stout hearted young chap, he 
came to the Division for such assistance 

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llOinin.T JOOBITAL. 


M we might be able to give a brother in 
difltreas. I carried him down to Samap- 
olis, took him to the Division Room, and 
introduced him to the boye. He showed 
his credentials, and we, of course, did 
all we could for him. We liked him first 
rate ; he seemed a right smart, capable, 
lively, good hearted boy, and after get- 
ting him cheered up. as there was no va- 
cancy on our road> we sent him to the C. 
P. and C. folks, who we heard wanted an 
engineer. I received a letter a few days 
after, saying the job was taken half an 
hour before he got there, but they had 
let him to work in the round-house, ''not 
a very lucrative situation, but any port 
in a storm. I sincerely thank you for the 
brotherly kindness bestowed on me while 
in yocr charge, at Samapolis. Give my 
regards to the brothers who also extended 
a helping hand. I asanre you it will long 
be remembered by me as one of the green 
ipots in the great desert of life." 

A good letter, which I answered imme- 
diately; but leaving the road jast then, 
and going home to Vermont for a few 
months, I lost sight of him, and when I 
again went West, after considerable look- 
ing about, I struck my tent in Minneso- 
ta. I often thought of Runkle, but never 
heard a thing from him for a year or 
more, when one morning the superintend- 
ent, old man Lincoln as we called him, 
came along where my engine was waiting 
to go out, and said, '*I hired a new man 
last night, he came from the Wabash, 
with letters from Dr- Baker. I'm going 
to send him up the hill with Henry to 
learn the road ; come over and see how 
yon like the looks of him." 

We crossed the yard, and I foaad my- 
self face to face with Jim Runkle, a liule 
thinner, and carrying in his face the un- 
mistakable signs of Uie fever and chills, 
but I knew him at onoe. He was as 
tickled as a boy to see me, and as he 
•hook hands, said: 

"I'm glad now that I stayed; I hated 

to come, and I've been so homesick all 
night I couldn't sleep; and I've been blue 
all the morning, but now I've found you 
I'm all right." 

"How has the world used you?'' 

**0h, not very well, I believe I am only 
a heap of bad luck any way. I got a job 
running, and sent for Mary, my wife, you 
know ; but the climate didn't agree with 
us, and we have both been down with the 
ague. I am afraid Mary is oonsnmptive, 
the doctors told me I must bring her up 
here ; I'm to have one of the company's 
houses there at the foot of the bluff, and 
we shall go to housekeeping in fine style, 
if only Maty is not homesick, and I guess 
she won't be ; she's a brave little thing. 
She'll be glad to know you, I've told her 
80 much about you ." 

I was glad they were coming and told 
him so ; it would be pleasant to have a 
genuine New England home, where I 
could call ; for western folks, although 
good in their way, don't keep house ex- 
actly after the Yankee pattern. The few 
minutes that followed are indelibly im- 
pressed upon my memory. It was a 
splendid morning, so bright and clear, 
that I, who am always influenced by the 
weather, my spirits going up and down 
with the barometer, couldn't imagine any 
one being blue or out of spirits- We 
laughed and joked, made plans about 
sending for Mary, and setting up the 
things so as to be ready for her. I look- 
ed over the engine ; it was the one I had 
when I ran that train. "So you've got 
the old pot hook," said I, "She's a good 
machine when once you get used to her, 
she never came back on me, but some of 
the boys have had no end of a row with 
her. Ton want to keep her steam up 
pretty well," and I looked at the gauge 
finding it all right, to all appearance, and 
as my time was up, I jumped down and 
ran across to my own train. 

Jim called "Good bye," after me, and 
Henry, the best natured fellow in the 

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world, said, **Yoa want to be getting ont 
of the wajf the Hickley is right after 
you/' which advice, as bis train was an 
accommodation freight, and mine an ex- 
press passenger, raised a shout from the 
usual crowd of by-standers. 

Poor fellow ! they were the last words 
he ever spoke. Just as I reached my 
machine and pulled myself up on to the 
foot-board, there came a terrific shock. 
From one of those incomprehensible 
•causes, which have never been scientifi- 
cally explained to the satisfaction of 
practical men, the boiler of the freight 
engine had exploded. Poor Henry was 
literally torn into fragments. The old 
Hinckley was good for nothing bnt the 
•scrap-heap. The fireman and half a 
dozen brakemen and bystanders were 
more or less bruised or burned; the con- 
'ductor had a leg broken, and poor un- 
Jucky Jim Runkle 

I found him at last, beneath the wreck, 
still alive, but scalded to death by the 
water and steam. He held up his arms 
to me, saying, **I guess I've gone up. 
You will stay with me ; you are the only 
division man here. Poor Mary I'* and he 
told me what to tell her, clinging closely 
to my hand the while, caring more for 
her than for himself. The two short 
hours he lived, in the most excruciating 
^ony, seemed endless. He talked at in- 
tervals, and made arrangements about 
-everything. **I have thought about this," 
fie said, ^*and I am not afraid. They call 
all railroad men rough, and hard, and 
reckless, but I believe we all feel the re- 
sponsibility of our position and on what 
a brittle thread our lives hang." He 
•died at last, after a hard struggle, and I 
closed his eyes, fcrateful it was all over. 
But the hardest for me was to come. 

He and Mary had both joined the 
•church in the little village where they 
iiad been living. And he requested to be 
iaken there, where the pastor who bap- 

tized him could perform the faneral ser- 
vice, when they laid him in the ceme- 
tery beside his baby boy> We telegraph- 
ed to his wife, and I went down with 
the body to attend to all arrangements. 
I found Mrs. Bunkle a delicate, pretty 
little woman, who had loved her hnaband 
devotedly, given up home and friends t« 
follow his fortunes in the West, and now 
felt as if her burden was greater than 
she could bear ; but after the first burst 
of grief was over, she calmed down and 
behaved very well while I gave her all 
the sad particulars. When she asked 
me if his face was disfigured, a strange 
eager look in her eyes made me more 
than glad to remember how natural and 
handsome he looked, just exactly as if 
he was asleep. 

I went to open the coffin to make sure 
that everything was in order for the lov- 
ing eyes, and oh my God ! the sight that 
met my gaze! He was so thoroughly 
scalded that the motion of the train had 
shaken every particle of flesh from the 
bones, and only the white, grinning 
skeleton confronted me. Obeying my 
first impulse, 1 closed the lid and fas- 
tened it securely; just as poor Mary en- 
tered the room. I told her he was so 
changed she could not see him, and the 
way she moaned and took on was dread- 
ful to witness. I have been in a good 
many tough places, but nothing equal ta 
that. I never pitied any creature so. 
She begged, pleaded and entreated, for 
just one look, and fairly went down on 
her knees to me ; and when I still re- 
mained firm, she went into convulsions, 
not hysterics, but the most violent 
spasms you can imagine . She only lived 
two weeks. She came to her senses afiber 
a day or two, but never forgave me for 
my cruelty ; and as they did not tell her 
the circumstances I could not wonder. 
I know it is a shocking story, but it is lit- 
erally true, and it may be well for the 
large class of people who hold all rail- 

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TO&d men in contempt, and' who blame 
:an engineer for every mishap, without 
gi?ioehim a kind thought* to know what 
some of them have to go through with in 
their capacity of servants of the public. 

i'Vfhat the Engioes said on the comple- 
tion of the Pacific Railroads.'^ 


«niat was it the engrino said, 
T^Iots touch ing— head to head "4 
Paetng on the single track, - ^ 
Halt a world behind each back?^ 
Thin is what the engines said. 
Unreported and unread ! 

With a prefatory screech. 
In a florid Western speech, 
fcfaid the engine front the West: 
"I am from Sierra's crest; 
And, if altitude's a test. 
Wb7, 1 reckon, it's ooi fessed 
That I've done my level best" 

Said the engine fVom the East; 
*' They who work best talk the least 
S'pose you whistle down your brakes; 
What you've done is no great shakes- 
Pretty fair— but let our meeting 
Be a different kind of greeting. 
Let these folks with champaerao stuffing, 
Not their en irines do the puMno ; 
** Listen ! Where Atlantic heats 
Shores of snow and summer beats; 
Where the Indian autumn skies 
PisiDt the witods with wampum dyes. 
I have chased the flying sun. 
Seeing all he looked u|)On. 
Blessing all that he bad blest. 
Nursing in my iron breast 
All his viirifying heat. 
All his clouds about my crest; 
And before my flying feet 
Every ebaiow must retreat." 

Said the Wentem engine. "Phew I" 
And a long, low whistle blew. 
"Come now, really that's the oddest 
Talk for one so very modest.— 
Ytm brag of your Bast I You do? 
Why. /bring the East to inrnt 
All the Orient, all the Cathy. 
Pind throoirh me the shnrtent way, 
And the sun you fulinw here 
Kisea in my hemisphere. 
Really— if one must be Tude— 
Length, my firiend, ain't longitude. 

S«id the Union , •'Don't refloat, or 
m run over some directer." 
Said the Central, " I'm Pfcoffla 
Bat when riled, I'm quite terriflo, 
Yet tnniay we will not quarrel. 
Just to show thoM folks this moral* 
How two engines— in their vision— 
Have met onoe without collision." 

This if what the engines said. 
Unreported and unread; 
Spoken slightly through the nose, 
inth a whistle at the oloee. 

New OBiiBANs, La , ) 
March 16th, 1871. J 
Brothers Wilson & Fellows : 

In the February and March Jour- 
nals of the present year, I notice that 
discussion is solicited on the subject 
of Locomotive Eo^^neers being Me- 
chanics. I conld say much upon the 
subject were it not for my aversion to 
that subject being discussed. Some 
readers may fail to see any harm in 
discussing the subject, but after read- 
ing the following, will probably view 
it in another light: 

Every engineer, either machinist or 
fireman, have their own opinion in 
regard to the subject, and no discus- 
sion will alter the same, but rather 
tend to create hard feelings. We all 
know it is generally unnatural for any 
person to wish his qualifications or 
abilities underrated, and if there is 
much discussion on the subject in 
point, it will result in favor of one of 
the two classes and will certainly not 
strengthen the link which binds us as 
brothers together. 

We are now all working under the 
same G. L D., and have thus far 
gained much of our aims and objects ; 
therefore let there be nothing written 
calculated to sever our union or oblit- 
erate our future, but we will all work 
with the same untiring perseverence 
to dispel from our midst that mighty 
demon which has too often done irre- 
parable injury to all classes of men, 
more especially to their families. 

Some readers may infer from the 
amount of temperance lecturing in 
this book that Locomotive Engineers 
are a very intemperate class of men; 
but not so— Locomotive Engineers 
are as temperate a clsss of men as will 
be found anywhere, and I think for tha 
last three or four years they are a little 
more so than most classes. 

The reason why there is so much 
temperance lecturing in the Journal 
is because Sobriety is our principal 
motto, and there are very few Broth- 
erhood men who like to see it violated, 
or will sustain any man who does vio- 
late it. 

It is becoming a well known fact 
that the aim and object of the B. of 
L. E. is to keep from its ranks all 

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dnrnkards and all incompetent engi- 
neers who are liable to injure life or 
property, or bring disgrace to Loco- 
motive Engineers as a class. Then 
why should any brother wish to bring 
about a subject that embraces so much 
diference of opinion. I cannot per- 
ceive what good can be derived in dis- 
cussing that subject, but can fancy 
many sensitive minds ready to hurl 
baokun;pleasant sayings to some writer 
whose views might diner from theirs. 

I am very fond of discussions, but 
prefer discussing some other subject 
than the above, and will suggest, for 
instance, a subject for discussion, on 
which probably there is a difEerence of 
opinion among Engineers. 

I heard, one time, an engineer say, 
in speaking of tallowing his slide- 
valves and packing, that *'a spoonfnll 
is JQSt as good as a quart." That may 
be true, providing there is not too 
much surface to lubricate ; however, 
that is not the subject in point. The 
question is, does any B. B. Go. ever 
save a cent by economising in tallow? 
I am inclined to think not, for there 
are verv few old Engineers but will 
admit tnat after the packing and valves 
become a little dry, a tallowing is as 
good as afire of wood, and the engine 
can always pull three or four more cars 
than when it is dry. 

There is a large difference in the 
wearing surface of the old-fashioned 
engines and the size that is used to- 
day. If the reader will take a pencil 
and see what lubricating surface there 
is in a cylinder 12x24, and then take 
one of the modern engines 17x24, he 
will find out that the engines to-day 
need double the quantity of tallow 
they did a few years ago. Some men 
seem to imagine that all the tal- 
low that goes into a steam-chest and 
cylinder goes direct to the rubbing sur- 
faces ; but we most remember that ev- 
ery cubic inch of the cylinder and 
steam- chest is filled with steam, and 
that the tallow is as much in solution 
with the steam in the centre of the 
i^Under as that which touches the 
sides. Therefore there is over two- 
thirds, or about that, which is passed 
out through the exhaust without per- 
forming its office. I think a spoonfnll 

of tsllow would be doing well to reach 
over a surface of nearly fifteen hun- 
dred square inches, even if it was rub- 
bed on with a sponge. I don*t believe 
in making a long run without tallow- 
ing, especialljT where there ia much 
rolling aone without working steam, 
which is generally the case where 
there are many stops to make. I would 
like for somebody to give their ideas 
on the subject, especially if they are 
different from the above. 

I have only stated my views accord- 
ing to the way my experience has 
prompted, and would not offer the 
subject for discussion, did I not know 
that using much tallow is a saving of 
fuel and water. 

As a matter of course, some may 
sa^ or think that the subject of lu- 
bricating the valve-seat and cylinder 
is something that demands no dif^cus- 
sion ; but if there are many Engineers 
who think that a spoonful is sufficient 
for one tallowing, I think that quite a 
lively argument might be brought 
about. I should like to see some argu- 
ments about some mechanical points 
and will participate, if necessary. 

But let UB turn again to the subject 
we commenced and finish it. No man 
can feel a deeper interest in the Broth- 
erhood than I do, or work harder to 
promote our interest. That is the 
reason why I so persistently oppose 
discussions that will have a tendency 
to proclaim a superiority of either of 
the two kinds of Engineers. 

But let us all inquire of ourselves if 
there is not something about onr en- 
gine which we have not yet learned, 
although it may not in any way apply 
to its construction, or may applyto its 
construction and not to its use. Would 
not almost any Engineer feel rather 
cheap if he shuald have a friend some 
time aak him for a little information 
regarding his engine, and then be un- 
able to give the required information, 
if disposed so to do? I rather think 
he ought. Why then not turn his 
mind entirely to become familiar Mith 
every part of the machine on which he 
expects to earn his future snpporu 
There are many things can be le tnii^ 
with very little study, wT»d if never 
needed in practice, mlU oertainly 

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serve to answer many quesfcionB eyerj 
day propoonded by some inqoisitiYe 
men, who, by the way, may be engi- 
noers themaelves. As for settuigTalves 
or eooentriofl, that is something which 
some men think there is a great secret 
in, and requires mnchstadyto learn 
it; bnt there is nothing more simple 
than setting eccentrics without taking 
off steam- chest cover , eyen if they are 
all slipped. 

We should turn our mind immedi- 
ately to our business, and if there is 
anything to be learned, let us first 
master it, and then rest confident that 
no questions will be asked concerning 
our engines, without getting an an- 
swer. All men of pride will feel 
ashamed to have to equivocate because 
they are unable to answer any ques- 
tions relative to theirengines. 

Let us all go to work in earnest for 
the JouBNAii and try to help Bro. **C. 
H. B.," who made such a fair propoei- 
tion in regard to obtaining fifty new 
subscribers. As regards myself in the 
case I don't think I can get quite fifty, 
but will approximate that number. I 
sent an order for one hundred and 
eleven, not long since, and am at pres- 
ent raising another subscription list 
for the JouBNAii. J. T. B. 

Division 123. 

Akt Brother will confer a favor upon 
an old Engineer .by giving information 
throngh the Joxtrnal of the wherea- 
bouts of Giles E. Hooghton. The 
last that was known of him he was at 
work in the railroad machine shop at 
Qoincy, Bl., some eight years ago. 
Address Albert Houghton, Div. 77, 
New Haven, Conn,, or this office. 
• ^ • 

I Written for the Kngineere' Monthlr JonrnaL] 

{^d by thi5 pare motto, ye brave Engineers, 
Oovard drive to iierfection, with keen eyes and 

qaiek ews: 
fotnithftil. dealjojitlv* be morally pure. 
Ruing higher and h ii(her till the prise too seoore. 
lotnuted toyoa are lives preetoos and great, 
ifiMh intereit 8ometime:i of the Church and the 

thw then be to yourselves, your fellows, your 
loader waits your bright crown in the saint's 

bkttaboda, l. w. p. 

Division 108. 

Our Comtry. 

It lies almost entirely out of the 
bounds of human thought to realize 
the vastness and grandeur of this coun- 
try, as it will be in two hundred yearn 
from now, providing no governmental 
earthquake occurs to overthrow the 
laws, and convert the present peace 
into continued and desolating war. 
So long as peace is preserved, and the 
government we now have, judicially 
managed, the laws properly shaped by 
the controlling inflaence of right 
principles, and enforced with that 
spirit which seems happily to increase 
here as it never did elsewhere, so long 
will the wonderful resources of our 
broad land be brought out and enlarged 
for the benefit of humanity. 

Within the lives of two generations 
yet to come, there can, under the above 
named condition of afEairs, be nothing 
to mar or disturb the onward march 
of the spirit of progress, which each 
year moves with a firmer and fleeter 
tread, on to a goal of perfection, the 
magnitude and beauty of which we 
cannot conceive. 

Here in our small States we note the 
progression of a century past with 
wonder. Here are lakes, in size rival- 
ing the seas of the Old World, and 
rivers compared with which the Tiber 
and the Bhine are brooklets. Beyond 
all this is a more wonderful country 
still, which is beginning to be opened 
to civilization. Eastward, a star of 
empire moves to meet the one which 
has so long been moving west. IVom 
the shores of the Pacific, following 
navigable rivers a thousand miles in- 
ward, civilized humanity is beginning 
to take advantage of a soil and climate 
rivaling anv in the world, and of 
which men dreamed, not, a hundred or 
even fifty years ago. 

We find on the Pacific slope, degrees 
north of our own Stata, a climate 
exists, milder and healthier than our 
own. Here are no frosts from Ai»il to 
November, and here a soil unequalled 
in production. Here are also rivBiSt 
navigable over a thousand miles, and 
coast harbors equal to any in tiie 
world, vast seas studded with large 
and fertile islands on whioh a peri 

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might live enoliaiiied--8eft8 of water 
tranquil and deep. 

Along these coasts, and along these 
broad rivers, and along the legion of 
smaller tribntaries, stand giant forests 
of pine whose tops swing three or four 
hundred feet from the ground beneath. 
These forests will build dwellings for 
untold thousands of men ; from these 
will be hewn timbers to build vast 
hulks which are to plough the mighty 
deep, and go in these hulks to shelter 
the inhabitants of tree denuded lauds. 

Every year adds new discoveries of 
wonder in this wonderful laiul. Here, 
where yet the savage holds his own, 
are mineral deposits richer than auy 
heretofore kuown. Here are coal beds 
to furnish the world with fuel; gold, 
silver, iron, copper, lead; everything 
used by mechanics, aud in quantities 
which cannot under any ciicu instance, 
we conceive, fail to supply the world 
for thousands of years to come. 

And millions of acres, tliousands of 
square miles of thisiich country, lying 
untouched await with undimini^lied 
wealth the hand of civilized man, 
invites him to the task of cultivation. 

Thousands are pouring in at our 
seaports to help fill up this country. 
Every year adds to our swelling popu- 
lation. They come from the East and 
from the West The time will be when 
they will make this broad land bloom 
like a garden, unless some violent 
earthquake of human passion spoils it 
all. Our government is adapted to 
the duty of holding this population 
under control, and as the swelling tide 
of humanity rolls in with the roll of 
years, the intelligence which grows 
with the growth of time we trust will 
be the strong rock of its safety. Re- 
publicanism is the outgrowth of intel- 
ligence and Christianity. Republican- 
ism being the result of this kind of 
high intelligence, it is necessarily a 
government prone to peace and op- 
posed to war. In Europe the mon- 
archs make the war, and plunge hu- 
manity into the red vortex of death 
and war. Here no one man can do 
this; here we have no war upon slight 
pretext ; the intelligence of that kind 
already mentioned keeping them at 
petoe. War maj follow a great wrong 

here, but in such a case the coautrj 
emerges from it purided. 

We need have no fear of distarb- 
ance so long as the people continue to 
grow intelligent Internal wars need 
not come; an attack from foreign pow- 
ers, we in our great and growing 
strength fear not. Our country is no 
Phoenix, it has not sprung from ashes. 
It is a new growth from the eternal 
principles of truth, justice and broth- 
erly love, fresh from the green earth, 
a bright and beautiful production, the 
grandeiit, most perfect thing under 

Let us Americans feel that happy 
pride which follows the exercise of 
right, and that joy in the possession 
of a wealth honestly earned, the gain- 
ing of which has cost conscience no 
pang, the growth and strength of 
which has nothing connected with it 
to cau^'C sleepless niahts and horrid 
viMons. The unprejudiced mind, ca- 
pable of taking a broad and g^'neral 
view of matters, finds iu the contem- 
plation of the future of our country 
that which makes the heart swell with 
rapturous pride. 

It seems impossible that progress, 
after taking sush strides, and under 
such favorable auspices as it has of 
late years, in our country, should stop 
short of its destination, and now die 
when the road is so broad and open, 
and so lined with those beauties which 
attract the soul of man. 

We feel to say, there most be no 
failure, no halting, no retrograde, uu- 
til that goal is reached which we bet> 
in advance of us. 

The advance made in the last fe^^ 
years is prophetic of a greater advance- 
ment to come, in which we see every 
acre of the vast Northwest put to prof- 
itable use, and a people occupying it 
whose collective voice is law, and 
whose ideas must ultimately triumph 
over wrong, lead and control the whole 
world, teaching it the folly of trusting 
in kings, and giving it an example 
which it will finally follow, and wars 
will end, and peace and good will, a 
brotherhood of all God's,' children,, 
prove the millenium at hand. 

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Signals for Bailroad Trains. 

Brcihers Wtkon A Fellows: 

I have had a subject on my mind for 
sometime that I wish to present to 
tbe readers of onr journal. I don't re- 
member seeing anything in the JotiB- 
KAL in regard to it, and think it strange 
that something has not been said be- 
fore this late date in reference to it. I 
allude to the Mgnals used on the differ- 
ent railroads for the purpose of man- 
aging and running trains. 

There should be something done to 
bring about a general system of signals, 
comprising the best of the many now 
ianse, and make them a standard for 
the nse of all the railroads in the Uni- 
ted States — one universal standard 
class of signals for day and night. The 
safety of the traveling public would be 
promoted by it, and railroad property 
saved from damage, and the newspa- 
pers have less items in regard to rail- 
road accidents. I know a railroad 
where the passenger trains are govern- 
ed by three different kinds of signals 
before reaching its destination, and 
they also have to pass over a river, 
and draw- bridge governed by foreign 
signals. It so happens that other en- 
gineers than tbe regular passenger en- 
gineers are called upon sometimes to 
run the passenger trains. They are 
not accustomed to running under such 
a different variety of signals, and a 
majority of them, perhaps, do not un- 
derstand the meaning of them. In 
passing over that portion of the road 
vhere it intersects with other roads, 
and where one track is used in com- 
mon by three different companies, one 
clabs of signals is used, and three dif- 
ferent companies are governed by 
those signals On the main lines their 
signals all differ from one another, and 
before a train reaches its destination it 
has to be governed by the whole three. 
A signal on one road is right the re- 
verse on the other. A signal all right 
on one road, if obeyed in the same 
sense on the other, might be product' 
ive of seriotis consequences. When 
an engineer receives a signal from a 
switchman or flagman, he must be 
Tery thoughtful and careful and have 
a very dear understanding, to be able 

to discriminate immediately between 
nine different kinds of signals. If he- 
makes a mistake, there is no telling 
what might happen, and no one knows 
what it is, save an engineer; what a 
dread he has of tiding to work along 
in a dark, stormy night under such 
needless difficulties. Most any engi- 
neer would rather run a hundred mile 
and be Ave or six hours in doing it, . 
than to go through the trying ordeal 
of figuring his way along under the 
circumstances I have named, even for 
tbe short space of only fifteen minutes. 
Under peculiar circus tances a man can* 
live a long time in fifteen minutes. I 
think I have shown some disadvan- 
tages attending the use of so many dif- 
ferent railroad signals. 

I would like to see what is the opin- 
ion of some of our brothers in refer- 
ence to this matter. I think when our 
yearly convention meets it would be a 
good opportunity to introduce the sub- 
ject there. Some may think it is a 
pretty large undertaking for us to ad- 
vance. I don't know but itis;but, 
remember, ''large oaks from little 
acorns grow. 

Yours Fraternally, 
E. P. 
Division 59. 

[From the Toronto Daily Telegraph.] 

Our Engine Drirsrs. 

There are few men in this world 
whose lot is cast in harder ways than 
our locomotive engineers ; and cer- 
tainly to none, except the race of 
houseless tramps, does winter bring 
more bitter or more painful trials. 
Without making a note of the frost 
and cold to which they are at all houi^s 
exposed, of the miseries which they 
endure while forcing a lane through 
mountains of snow, and of the other 
rigorous inclemencies which their duty 
brings upon them; let us look for a 
moment at the ordinary risk which 
they run at thia time of the year above 
all others. We believe the engine 
driver, in the season when tracks are 
blocked with snow and made unstable 
almost as water by long nights of fierce 
frost, is no better off, as far as personal* 
seourity is oonoemed, than the men 

Digitized by 




who are now working the engines of 
death in France. When a mac pubs 
on a needle gan or ChMaepot, and 
takes leave of Jiis family, he and they 
know that the chanoes of ever seeing 
one another again are remote, for to 
kill or be killed is the main duty of 
his profession. On the other hand, 
when a railroad engineer kisses his 
wife and little ones of a morning, be- 
fore starting to take No. 290 oat of the 
siding, or to run np to Detroit or down 
to Kingston, or np to Hamilton, or off 
to Gollingwood, they reckon secarely 
on seeiog him when his job is oyer; 
for he is a non-oombatant, a man of 
peace, and his employment is the em- 
bodiment of one of the greatest tri- 
umphs of peaceful science. They 
never calculate that he stands chances 
of being smothered, scalded, blown or 
jammed to death; or of being carried 
home in the break van smashed to 
within an inch of eternity. So, when 
he mounts his engine, the placid old 
dames and the cantankerous old gen- 
tleman, who are talking of the New 
Year's times half a centnr^ ago; the 
young ladies who are reading maga- 
zines with wintry chromo-lithographs; 
the boys who are chatting on the art 
of skating or driving a cutter, and the 
other occupants of the warm, com- 
fortable oars, never think of the mighty 
and fearful responsibility that rests on 
his weather-beaten shoulders. It 
never enters into their minds that that 

f^rimy man with the rough fur cap 
iterally holds their existeoce in the 
hollow of his hand until their jour- 
ney's end. They never think, if his 
vigilance should flag, by day or by 
night, for a single second— no matter 
how much he may be volleyed and 
thundered at by pelting snow or sharp 
hailstones; or if he should turn his 
hand or eye the wrong way for an 
instant, that they will be precipitated 
into a depot beyond the grave. If 
people thought of these things some- 
times, they might form a vague idea 
of tiie diuigers and difficulties that 
beset the engine driver every day, and 
more especially in wintry weather. 
But no one, who has not ezpeiienoed 
it; can folly realize what is required of 
him by his employers, by his brother 

offioiab and by the grumbling pablic ; 
or what he has to suffer by nights and 
in storms. His hours are painfnlly 
long, and all the time he must keep 
both eyes wide open; he must execale 
orders with theperoision of his engine, 
watoh signals as narrowly as the look- 
ont man on a blockade runner, guard 
the public safety more jealously than 
his own; he must do this, stand frost 
bites, sleet, rain or a perishlngly cut- 
ting wind, as best he can, into the 
bargain. If he allow his attention to 
be distracted for a moment, if the 
thought of a sick wife or child at home 
should come between him and his busi- 
ness for an instant, or if rheer cold or 
hunger should compel him to crouch 
by the furnance and chafe his stiffened 
limbs or eat his cold dinner, then the 
Lord be merciful to the souls of those 
in the oars, for a coroner's jury will 
show no mercy to him, even though 
he should be lifted out of the cfefrm, 
deformed and crippled for life« To 
men who face these dangers and dis- 
charge such arduous duties unflinch- 
ingly and faithfully, their fellow men 
cannot pay too much respect, nor 
show too much heartfelt gratitude. 

1 WOULD 'not. 


I would not want to wear his shoos. 
Whose orthodoxy makes him ohooM 
To brand as wretches, all who lose 

Conventional salvation ; 
And who, himself, has Iain not by, 
A treasure precious, in the sky; 
Whose present life's a living lie. 

And that to come — damnation' 
I would not want to sleep such sleep 
As his, who daily strives to rosp 
Sheaves worldly, from the ones who weev» 

In want and desolation ; 
Y'et who repeats, **to others do. 
As yon would have them do to you;" 
Whose oily tongue runs glibly through 

Set forms of exhortation. 
Hypocrisy is ftimlshed well. 
By those providing ways of helU 
A pUce in human hearts to dwell. 

And reign with sway unbroken ; 
I would not any sin eoafeei. 
Repent of wrong, or Christ profiBM, 
Or in a okwet pny, unleit 

God knew my haait had spoken. 

Digitized by 




Shoald LooomotiTt Engineers be Me- 

We rifle to explain that we did not 
haye the remotest idea of arraying 
engineers one against the other, in 
oar article nnder the above head in 
the February Joubnaii. 

Omr purpose was to impress all the 
members of the Brotherhood with the 
great responsibility of the position of 
a Locomotive Engineer, and not al- 
low themselves to sit idly down nntil 
they had mastered all the knowledge 
that pertains to their business. The 
error some writers fall into is in as- 
suming that a man cannot be a me- 
chanic unless he has served a regular 
apprenticeship to some branch of me- 
chanical business. Such a position 
could not be fairly sustained, by any- 
thing in our former article ; on the 
contrary, we argue against manufac- 
tured mechanics, and assert that "un- 
less a man is born a mechanic it will 
be useless for him to aspire to that 

An Engineer once said, '*I have 
run an engine twelve years, and I have 
no more idea how the steam gets in 
and out of the cylinder than I should 
have if I had never see& an engine." 
This engineer run as good a passenger 
train as there was on the road, and 
wore better clothes than any other en- 
gineer on the line. 

Now my idea of the necessary quali- 
fications of an engineer would not al- 
low such a man to run an engine un- 
der any circumstances. He could do 
very well as long as everything was in 
order, but let his engine break down 
on the road, he would be a poor hand 
to repair up. 

We again assert that no fair con- 
Btruction of our former article would 
warrant the conclusion that we had 

the remotest idea of arraying Fire- 
men Engineers against Mechanics. 
Our aim is to impress all alike with the 
importance of fully understanding 
every part of the engines they run, 
and not be content to simply know 
how to run. 

Our Brothers are a little hasty, and 
are alarmed before they are hurt ; our 
beau-ideal of a **Mechanio" is the il« 
lustrious Stephenson, and we have no 
account of his serving his apprentice- 
ship to any particular trade, yet he 
was able to teach the best mechanics 
of hia day in almost every branch of 
trade. He was able to do this, first, 
on account of his natural abilities as a 
mechanic, secondly, on account of his 
persistent efforts to fully undirstand 
everything he gave his attention to. 

Now our advice is, to try and imitate 
the man that has left the proudest 
record ever made by man, no matter, 
whether we who are now engineers 
commenced life as a laborer, brake- 
man, fireman, machinist, or any other 
respectable calling ; let us all unite our 
efforts to approximate as near as pos- 
sible to the proud eminence attained 
by a man who began life under greater 
disadvantages, and had less assistance 
than any engineer that is running an 
engine at the present time. 

Let no one believe himself perfect, 
or rest upon his dignity, by virtue of 
any calling he may have pursued, but 
persevere in the race of life until he 
shall have mastered everything that 
relates to his business, and so far as in 
him lies, emulate the virtues and con- 
test for the honors won by the illus- 
trious Stephenson— remembering that 

**HoDor and shamo from no condition riie; 

Act well yow part— there all the honor Iks." 

JM^Something important in Special 
Notices on page 229. 

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LoooMonvi mreiNnRS' 

Louis viLLK, April 10th, 1871. 

Editors Engineer's Journal: — With 
tome reluctance I write you today not 
heing of the learned or scientific class 
referred to by some of the late corres- 
pondents of the Journal, I have had some 
doubts relative to the propriety of offer- 
ing my views. But after some reflection 
I came to the conclusion that it was an 
inteligent and thinking class of men that 
placed you in your present position, and 
as long as your judgement pronounces my 
efforts worthy a place in the Journal, I 
need not hesitate. 

To my mind the real merit and inter- 
est of the Journal is in its originality, 
making a medium of intercourse between 
different sections of the country by and 
through the correspondence of engineers 
and their wives, giving such news and in- 
formation of interest as could not be 
Sbined through any other medium, 
ow few persons that read the Journal 
can understand the scientific articles em- 
inating from the learned civil engineer, 
from the theorist, who has never had a 
days practice or experience on a railroad, 
except it may be in a luxurious prssen- 
ger car. 

I have before me a railroad journal a 
tplendid paper, but containing many 
things that the general reader dees not 
fully understand, and which the pratical 
man doing his days werk every day has 
not time to study out and when studied 
out is only theory drawn to so fine a 
point that it is of no account in practice 
and would never be read were the Jour- 
nal filled with these fine drawn theories 
figured out by algebraic roles. I will 
venture the remark that out of every 
hundred engineers in the country, there 
are not five that are sufficiently conver- 
sant with the rules of Algebra to figure 
out one in ten of the problems in the sci- 
entific articles in scientific papers. This 
is casting no slurs or disgrace on engi- 
neers, far from it, many of them may 
have studied the higher mathematics but 
their eDaplojrment has been of that na- 
ture that their use was not called for and 
they are out of practice. 

How vexations to the English scholar 
that has never studied the languages to 
get thoroughly interested in some book 
or paper, and come to a long string of 
Latin or some other language he does not 
understand, the omission of which spoils 
the sense and interest, he is very apt to 

say some hard thing of the author, bo I 
fear it would be with the Journal should 
it be filled with finedrawn deductions ex- 
pressed in scientific technical terms, 
and explained by Algebraic formula. 
There might be a few out of its manjr 
subscribers that this would suit, but these 
few can find plenty of such articles in 
the reports of engineers, in government 
service, while the practical every day en- 
gineer and mechanic finds pleasure in 
reading the views and opinions of those 
engaged like himself, expressed if not in 
strictly grammatical in plain EngUak 
language which all may understand. 
Trusting it may be of interest to the read- 
ers of the Journal, I will give a synop- 
sis of the motive power of iae Louisville 
& Nashville Railroad. The engines are 
of various kinds and sizes, but I will ven- 
ture to say that they are in as good con- 
dition as on any road in the U S. 

From Niles & Co., one, a light engine 
well worn, now on the yard. From 
Fairbanks, two, of about twenty tons 
weight, one 14 and 20 inch cylinder, 6S 
inch wheel one 16 and 22 inch cylinder. 
60 inch wheel- From Moore & Richard- 
son, eleven. The cylinders of these varj 
from 15 and 20 to 16 and 22; the wheeW 
vary from 56 to 66 inches in diameter. 
Several of these have been re-built by Mr. 
Perkins, and materially improved, thej 
are a serviceable engine of about 25 tons 
weight. From Mr. M. W. Baldwin, li, 
four of these are regular switch engines, 
five are ten wheelers, 18 J and 22 inck 
cylinders, with 53 inch wheel, and weigh 
37 tons. One 13 and 24 inch cvlinder 60 
inch wheel, one 16 and 24 inch cylinder 
and 60 inch wheel. From Schnectadj 
Locomotive Works' 17, four are 16 and 22 
inch cylinder, the balance, 16 and 24, 
four 66 inch wheel, one 63, four 60, and 
nine 56, these engines give very general 
satisfaction, are all in good condition. 
From Wm-, Mason, four, two 16 and 22 
inch cylinders, and 66 inch wheel, two IS 
and 24 inch cylinder, and 60 inch wheel. 
From Rogers & Co., two, 16 and 24 inch 
cylinders, and 60 inch wheel. From 
Baird & Co., fifteen, all one size, 17 and 
24 inch cylinders, 62 inch wheel, weight 
'64^ tons, are all new and I believe give 
very good satisfaction. From Taunton 
Locomotive Works, five, one, 16 and 22 
inch cylinder, 66 inch wheel, two, 16 and 
24 inch cylinder, and 60 inch wheel, and 
one, 16 and 24 inch cylinder, and 66 inch 
wheel. One of the same dimensions of 

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the last except the stroke, has been in- 
•reased to 26 inches, rather an nnsaal cas- 
tom for passenger engines* bat seems to 
bt giving good satisfaction, it ran in the 
month of December, 3900 and in January 
4276 miles, I shall watch its years per- 
formance with some interest. 

This list brings us to the engines 
boilt at the companies works. The first 
the No. 6. a small ten wheel engine, do- 
ing good business is entirely reliable. The 
37d esigned by T. Perkins, Supt. of 
Machinery, is a ten wheeler, 18} and 22 
inch cylinders, has 53 inch wheel, weight 
about 37 tons, the weight is well adjusted 
en the drivers for adhesion which makes 
her a powerful engine. The 35 another 
ten wheeler, varies somewhat from the 37, 
bit a strong and serviceable engine. Six 
eight wheelers, designed and built by Mr. 
Perkins, are of the following dimensions 
IB and 24 inch cylinder, tour feet ten 
inch wheel, weight without tender 71,000 
lbs. Boiler 19ft. 10 in. long, 48 in diame- 
ter, flues, lift, one in. 150 in number, fire 
box 63 in. long, 62 high' and 38 wide, the 
boiler wagon top with long easy tapers 
giving a fine appearance, a dome 28 and 
24 inches. The paralell rods have no 
straps, a simple round end and with a 
brass bush pressed in, a plate screws to 
the eod of the wrist holds them in place the 
wrist pins are of steel five inches in dia- 
meter, also steel guides and piston rods. 
Tbe entire work is heavy, the frames be- 
ing 3i by 4 inches, cylinders nearly twice 
the usual thickness, they are a strong and 
durable engine of fine finish and appear- 

Add to the above the passenger engine 
No. 29, and I believe it makes the list 
complete of finished engines. 

The dimensions of this engine are as 
follows. Entire length of boiler, 20 ft. 
8j in. diameter of shell, 4 ft. 2 in. out- 
aide of furnace, 4 ft. 4 in. raise of wagon 
top, 7 in. length outside of furnace 6 fr.. 1 
in. width, 3 ft. 8 in. inside furnace 
leagth, 5 ft 6 in. height 5 fl 8 in. width at 
bottom. 3 ft. 1 in. bulges at the top to 3 ft. 
7 in. dome 2ft. by 2 ft 4 in. Tbe flues 
are of iron 172 in number, 11 ft. 8 in. 
long, 2 in. oatside diameter. Flue sheet 
of copper 9-16 in. thick; inside furnace 
of steel i inch thick, stay bolts in crown- 
sheet project to receive a nut. The 
boiler double rivited throughout three 
inch laps; ash pan 12 in deep; iron rail 
to top of furnace 9 ft. Length of frame 
27 ft. $1 in. width 4 ft 4 in. main section 

of frame 3} and 4 inches square, lower 
brace 3i and 2 in. diameter of wheels, 
5 ft 6i, steel tyre 2} thick, axel 7 in. dia, 
base of wheels, 8ft 4 in. Total wheel 
base 22 ft 8} in. Four wheel cradle 
truck — wheels 2 ft 6 in dia., diameter of 
cylinder 1 ft 6 in, length of stroke 2 ft, 
wrist pins of steei 6 in dia., guides 
and piston-rods of steel. A balance pup- 
pet throttle. Diameter smoke-stack 18 

This is an outline of the first passen- 
ger engine built at the Company's works 
and is being closely noticed by interested 
parties. She is supplied with all modern 
improvements, and some not heretofore 
in use. is of splendid finish, has brass 
pumps, brass casings, hand rail, &c. 
The side rods are chanelled, which gives 
them a fine appearance* It is expected 
tJat when ready for work she will not be 
inferior to any -in the U- 8., for strength, 
durability or speed. 

Business here just now is a little slack. 
A good many rsilroad men are looking 
ibr work. 

The JoxTBNAL just received full^ meets 
my expectations and is rapidly improv- 

Hoping this may be acceptable to yon 
and your large number of readers, 

I am yours, H 

MoNTEYAI^iO, AIjA., ) 

March 31, 1871. f 
Wilson & Fsllows : — 
Having been charmed by the kindly 
tone and very encouraging words con- 
tained in the many letters of your 
JouBNAii, I feel constrained to add my 
**mite*' to its interesting columns. 
Premising, of course, as I am a lady, 
that I can say nothing that will edify 
any of your ••Brotherhood.*' But I 
only write a few words of encourage- 
ment, for this, I couBider, is part of 
•'woman's mission.'* 

Although we may study the laws 
governing both air and water, and 
make ourselve-s conversant with the 
mode of generating steam, yet without 
applying these laws and using them 
praotiesdly, we are ignorant of much 
that the "Locomotive Engineer** is 
familiar with. 

All I wish to express in this, my 
first communication, is my high ap- 
preciation of your very viduable 

Digitized by 

Google _ 



Monthly. There are none who hold 
engineers in higher esteem than the 
ladies. While we are enjoying a ride 
on the cars, and are charmed by the 
polite attentions of the conductor, we 
do not forget that it is to him who 
holds the reins of the <*Iron Steed'* 
while speeding over hill and dale, 
through plain and forest '*like a bird 
of wing," we owe our gratitude for the 
safety of our lives and the smooth and 
easy motion of the train. I have 
often noticed the happy face of him 
whose vigilant eye is ever attentive to 
discover and avoid danger relating to 
the precious freightage of human 
lives consigned to his charge. His eye 
sparkles with the satisfaction of having 
faithfully performed his perilous duty. 
And, notwithstanding his bronzed face 
and hands, his soiled over-alls, beneath 
all this rough exterior are often con- 
cealed talents that are moving a nation 
and dazzling the world. There beams 
from his face that intelligence for 
which we look in vain in that of the 
fashionably attired, and useless fop. 
We acknowledge that there is one who 
truly may be called a "Lord of Crea- 

Is not the engineers calling honor- 
abe ? It in . its usefulness to our 
country makes it so— yet its usefulness 
makes it none the less dangerous. 
Many a one has cheerfully bidden 
farewell to the home circle and started 
out with hopeful prospects of a safe 
trip,— meets "Life's Destroyer," and 
without a moment's warning, the frail 
thread of life is clipped asunder, the 
spirit wings its flight from its casket, 
and he who but a few hours ago lov- 
ingly folded to his bosom his fond wife 
and prattling little ones, is brought 
back in the rigid embrace of death. 
Oh, the utter desolation of spirit that 
comes over those loved ones that are 
left behind . But a ray of hope beams, 
and it will cast a halo around the grief 
stricken heart, if his life has been 
faithful to God, and true to mankind, 
then he shares the rewaid promised 
only to the faithfuL A promised 
reward. O cheering words to the 
christian heart ! 

It is a lamentable truth that many 
«n entfineer has blighted the fond 

hopes, that marked out for him a noble 
course, wending his way up to fame 
and renown, by a too frequent indul- 
gence in the wine cup. Bome of you 
have just started in your new and un- 
tried career with the tide of ambition 
beating high, and yours are the most 
fanciful anticipations of a long and 
prosperous life. Would you have 
your brightest dreams realized ? Then 
turn not a willing ear to Satan's tempt- 
ing voice when invited to drink. And 
oh think what a complete victory yon 
will have achieved. **A pebble, when 
dropped near the fountain has changed 
the course of many a river." Then 
let not the tempting one drop his 
vicious pebble to change the noble 
course you meant to pursue. Faith- 
fully act your part in the great drama 
of life, and whether your sphere be 
high or low, may the eternal salvation 
of your soul be the one great aim of 
your life. Then when your earthly 
coarse is run, your feet have grown 
,>oo weary to press forward in the 
march of Ufe, and you have passed 
tl^ough the dark passage leading to 
everlasting bliss beyond the grave, 
may you leave behind your footprints 
in the sand of time : 

'Tootprinta, that perhaps another 
Sailing o'er life's solemn main, 
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother 
Seeing, may take heart again." 
Yours with much respect, 


Don't get off your Horse. 


The world wasn't made in a minnte,— 

Keep quiet, and steady, and oool ; 
There's something to win— yon maj wia i^ 

If you only dont act like a fboL 
The sunlight will sometimes be mellow, — 

Sometimes clouds will hide it away; 
But dont lose your temper, old fellow. 

You'll want it some drearisome dajr. 

Dont get off your hone in a hurry. 

For something unworthy your ire; 
Keep still ;--it was only a flurry. 

That lea to itself, will expire. 
Bo easy ; -dont got too excited 

O'er dignity battered, my man;— 
All wrongs will the sooner be righted* 

By keeping as oool as you oan. 

Digitized by 




SACBAinENTO, Maroh 23d, 1871. 
To the readers of the Engineers* Monthly 

Journal : 

••Sobriety, Truth, Justice and Mo- 
rality." It is not my purpose to drive 
my quill through the yarious laby- 
rinths in your quadruple motto. 

I see from the last issue that many 
of the pitfalls among the highways and 
byways of the first section haye been 
kud bore. Some important sugges- 
tions tendered as to avoiding them — 
hints given upon the necessary caution 
in choosiDg traveling companions in se- 
lecting the various paths, weighing well 
the moti-ves which govern your choice, 
that it be duty to your God, yourself, 
and neighbor, which balances your de- 
eision. And mark well, sobriety 
means thesterling acts of our every- 
day life. 'Tis in its strictest sense, 
brj^very, caution, honesty, fidelity, 
•h rity — purely our duty. 

A sober man is a brave man ; brave 
in subduing evil temptations or evil 
companions, brave in his temper, hold- 
ing it in subjection, too sober to let 
passion or excitement rule him, brave 
in expressing himself, never going 
beyond his real sentiments by using 
vncalled for.unnecessary exclamations 
oaths, curses, &c., terms used by the 
•oward, liar and malefactor, to add 
weight or importance to their feigned 
truthfulness. Is not bravery sobriety 
in this case. 

What is more contemptible, revolt- 
ing, chilling, than for a father, supervi- 
sor, to check and chide with en oath or 
enrse. A strictly sober man would not, 
•oald not do it; and yet it is often done 
for very simple provocation. A man 
forgetting his dignity, throwing aside 
his common sense or reason. Getting 
mad, they term it, drunk with passion. 
So enraged, calling upon hell to pun- 
ish or revenge this litle oversight of 
thild or associate, as the case may be, 
and often his God. Creator, Redeemer, 
to witness bis intemperate passion. 
Can we call such a man sober ? 

You may argue, much of this is 
done thoughtlessly, and he is good at 
heart ; will feel sorry and ashamed of 
it afterwards ; does not even remem- 
ber it as the moment fiies \ you must 
a^mit he is a slave to passion, incau- 

tious, dishonest, in calling upon an en- 
emy to aid him to punish us ; unchar- 
itable, as he would not like to be paid 
in iiis own coin for a like accident. 

Again we find a man narrating some 
pleasing incident, some tender remin- 
iscence of cherished parents or 
friends, swearing to his God or Re- 
deemer that what he tells us is just as 
he tells it, thereby proving that con- 
scientiouslyhe meritis our doubts as to 
its truth. Why does he not use simple 
sober words, whose eloqu^oe are ever 
untold ? No ! he must damn himself 
two or three times before he can finish 
his story, and if he undertakes to give 
you advice, ten to one he will dish it 
up with the same sauce. 

And this class of men would have you 
think them good fellows, jolly, witty,in 
a word, good company for your parlor 
or drawing-room. And what are your 
conclusions? Partial insanity, per- 
haps; assuredly not strictly sobriety. 

Now *tis, I am positive, mere habit 
which rules the man who can do, 
dare, with the most brave and faithful; 
His a besetting weakness which he 
contracted before he became a man, 
and neglected to throw away with his 
round-about or marble bags, and 
meaning but little of their extravagent 
vulgar denunciations; thinks none 
should condemn him personally for 
his weakness; thoughtlessly he uses 
them more; each year becomes more 
intemperate. This is the most indul- 
gent view you can take of it. It 
really depraves a man ; he curses and 
swears as though it were an accom- 
plishment, if we might judge from the 
ease and volubility with which he 
throws off his sentences; he displays a 
marvelous talent for this style of mod- 
ern eloquence. 

Taking the term sobriety as the op- 
posite of drunkenness, I am convinced 
there are more sober men filling an en- 
gineer's berth than any other occupa- 
tion, and it should be so, he is, so to 
speak, guard of human life upon his 
tram. All travelers silently bow to 
his judgment; they are fully at his 
mercy. The thought of this should 
sober the most coufirmed innebriate; 
his position is an important one, a 
noble one; he rides and guides the 

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great civilizer. caUivator, the moaaroh 
of the age. Think, should then eaoh 
a man gut drank, swear his God and 
Jesos, let his passions rale him? 
Would jju not expect him to be dis- 
honest, unjust, and, but not least, 
immoral? Oh! no. I would have him 
earn, win and bold the highest pedes- 
tal in social and intellectual society; 
have him yield to the progressiva 
spirit of his age and oooupation, his 
motto, onward and upward, as he 
rends the "air with his **exoelsior." 
Should you deem my remarks worthy 
of a place among the pages of the 
Monthly, I will make a greater effort 
to select a more pleasing theme. Be- 
ing an engineer's wife. I feel no little 
interest in all that tends to elevate and 
enoble the character or standard of 
engineers, and my selfishness on this 
point will be excused. M. A. L. 

OoiiUMBue, Kt,, April 13th, 1871, 
Messrs. Wilson & Fellows : 

Gbntlekbn : — A suggestion from a 
merchant might be deemed out of 

Slace in your valuable journal. So in- 
eed it would, if it were in regard to 
the manufacture or mechanism of a lo- 
comotive, or the question whether or 
not an engineer should be a mechanic, 
or the probability of a ghost jumping 
from an engine going at full speed, 
without stunning itself so completely 
as to make it forget the duty on which 
it was) ent, or the thousand and one 
ques tious which may come up, that 
persons unfamiliar with locomotives 
and railroads are supposed to know 
nothing about. 

But when it comes to a matter of 
finance, i. e. greenbacks, a merchant 
is supposed to know something about 
the subject, and a suggestion from 
him might be considered of some 

Several months ago Mr. Alex. Cun- 
ningham, G. £., Jackson. Tenn. Div. 
No. 93, one of my most valued friends, 
came into my store, having^ in his 
hand several numbers of your journal. 
I examined them, and feeling inter- 
ested in anything that concerns those 
most faithful servants of an ungener- 
ous public, the locomotive enprineers, 
particularly those of Division 93, who 

we class as amongst our best custom- 
ers, I told Mr. Cunningham, without 
any solicitation on his part, to enter 
our name among the subscribers of ths 
JouBSAL, of course accompanying the 
request with the article which I sup- 
pose is as necessary to run a success- 
ful periodical as itls a clothing stort 
—"the almighty dollar " 

Now, after this long and perhaps 
unnecessary preamble, I had better 
offf^r the "suggestion." Here it i§. 

You have, as I see by your "Divisiom 
Notices," in your Brotherhood, over 
one hundred and twenty five (125) Di- 
visions. The members of each one mm 
over a line of railroad as that of Div. 
93. say from 150 to 200 miles, and as a 
natural consequence, deal more or less 
in the different towns along the line of 
the road, and 1*11 tell you, confiden- 
tially of course, between you and I, 
and the readers of the Joubnaii, that 
the custom of the engineers is a valua- 
ble one, and appreciated accordingly 
by the merchants they deal with. 

Perhaps each Division deals directly 
through its various members with at 
the lowest calculation from five to tea 

Now, I will say from a merchant's 
point of view, that a merchant wh« 
deals dailv and yearly with a class of 
men as liberal as the B. of L. £., and 
who will not spend the small^um of ons 
dollar yearly to further one of their 
enterprises, particularly when he re- 
ceives full value for his money, is not 
worthy of their patronage. Five t9 
ten times 125 is 625 to^l250, which 
when counted as dollars is no meaa 

My suggestion is made, gentlemen. 
What do you think of it ? 

As I have occupied more of your 
valued space than I intended, I will 
draw my communication to a dose 
with the remark, that though I have 
as yet received but four numbers M 
the JouBNAi<, I consider that I have 
already received full value for mf 
money, and with the best wishes for 
the welfare of the B. of L. £., partie- 
nlarly those of Division No. 93. I re- 

YouTS truly, 

A. Z. R 

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Expansion of Water or Steam« 

tSka». WiUon, G. C. ^..'— I have read 
the ariiole of yonr worthy brother, 
Tonng, on the "Expansion of Water 
iato Bteam," and also the reply of 
"Fireman/' which does *' Fireman " 
great credit Withoot stopping to 
^ticiae either of their statements I 
will, with yoor permission, give yonr 
readers the proper formnla for the ex- 
pansion of water into steam. 

Water has the greatest Tolnme for 
any practical nse at 212'=' Fahr., at that 
point one onbio foot of water will 
make 1700 cnbio feet of steam, and it 
is then at the atmospheric preesare of 
14.7 lbs. It is also at this point that 
it has its greatest amonnt of latent 
heaty and at this point also it contains 
the least qaantity of water in the 
steam. I will, however, explain the 
term " latent heat " The word latent 
of oonrse means hidden, bnt we will 
endeavor to find it. Then we know 
hy inserting the thermometer in the 
boiler, and getting np steam to 15 
lbs. pressure, that we have 212° of 
heat, and no amonnt of firing will in- 
erease the heat so long as it remains at 
that pressure. Bnt increase the pree- 
sare and yon also increase the sensible 
heat The sensible heat is that which 
is shown by the thermometer, and the 
btent heat is that which the steam 
eontains hidden, which we are about 
to find out. The sum of the sensible 
and latent heat are always the same at 
all pressures; for instance, the sensi- 
ble heat of steam at 14.7 lbs. pressure, 
being 212 degrees, to which we will 
add th'' latent heat, which is in this 
sase 966.6 degrees. But in an article 
of this kind it is generally assumed to 
be 1000 degrees of ktent heat 

Now we will try and find this latent 
heat so that it may be understood. 
Then if we take one cubic foot of 
water and make it into steam at 212 de- 
grees, we have then 1700 cubic feet of 
steam at that temperature. We must 
now be provided with a closed box or 
vessel that will hold 6 1-2 cubic feet, 
and we put 6 1-2 cubic feet of water 
into this box or vessel at a tempera- 
tore of 32 degrees. We will now let 
. «:* nade into steam 

into this box or vessel containiog 5 1-S 
cubic feet of water, and we shall find 
that we have raised the temperatiue of 
the 5 1-2 cubic feet of water to the 
same temperature as the steam was be- 
fore being admitted ; thus we find the 
latent heat of steam, or we have raised 
the temperature of each foot of water 
180 degrees in all, 990 degrees which 
is cidled latent because it is not sensi- 
ble to the thermometer, and the sum 
of the sensible and latent heat is al- 
ways the same at all pressures. There- 
fore we have 1200 degrees as the sum 
of the sensible and latent heat. We 
will now show it bv referring to some 
other pressures. Then steam at 30 lbs. 
pressure has a volume of 883 and a 
temperature of 251.6 degrees which 
we will substract from 1200 and we 
hfv^e 918.4 degrees of latent heat, but 
the sum of the two will be 1200 de-^ 

We will now look at steam at 12i 
lbs. or about locomotive pressure, 
which has a temperature of 349. 1 de- 

£*ees of sensible heat, therefore, its 
tent heat will be 850.9 degrees, and 
its volume is only 240, or one cubic 
foot of water at 125 pounds pressure, 
will make only 2i0 cubic feet of steam. 
So that it will readily be seen that 
steam at the atmospheric pressure it 
has not only a greater volume, but it 
has also the gireateet amount of latent 
heat. It will thus be seen that the 
higher the steam the greater the 
quantity of water it contains. And 
what is called good dry steam at a 
high pressure is reaUy more com- 
pressed and has a greater density, and 
'is heavier and contains more water. 

In regard to the gaseus theorv 01 
some of your correspondents abooa 
blowing all the air out the water while 
standing on the track and blowing ofl^ 
I will simply ask the man who lost his 
" vest buttons'* if it ever occurred ta 
him that the very same form of evap- 
oration of water takes place in his 
(Tf linders as it does when standing om 
tne track ; that is, why does not the , 
air blow out of his water when it goes 
through the cylinders just the same as 
it does by blowing in the air? There 
is a very small quantity of air in water, 
but it Ib expanded by the heat and acta 

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to all intents and purposes just as 
steam does. Your correspondent in 
your late number has no doubt found 
a vacuum in his boiler Tvhen it has 
stood over night without any fire in it. 
But that does not show that all the air 
is out of the water. It simply shows 
that the steam that filled the space 
above the water has condensed,- and 
gone back *to water again. And as 
tiiere is so very little air in the water, 
there must be at least 1700 times less 
air in the steam before it is reduced to 
water. Therefore, the space left over 
the water is an empty space, or a 
vacuum chamber. Some very large 
boilers have to be provided with what 
are called vacuum valves, that is, 
valves that opens inward and are 
kept closed by the pressure of steam, 
but as soon as a vacuum begins to 
form, they open by the pressure of the 
# atmosphere and save the boiler from 
eolapsing by external pressure of the 
atmosphere. This statement may 
seem strange to many of your readers, 
but if they will bear in mind that 
boilers are made to stand internal 
pressure, and not external, they will 
readily see that a large boiler cannot 
stand the pressure of the atmosphere, 
without a corresponding pressure in- 


Utica, N. Y. 

It is gratifying to learn that the late 
firm of Smith & Porter, of Pittsburg, 
Pa., after reorganizing under the firm 
name of Porter, Bell & Co., will re- 
build their works, which were destroy- ' 
ed by fire a short time since, and will 
be better prepared than ever to fill or- 
ders for the class of engines for narrow 
gauge railroads, which they make a 
speciality. The fact that Mr. H. N. 
Sprague is retained as Superintendent 
of the works, is a sufficient guarantee 
of the success of this firm. Parties 
wishing engines of the class which they 
build, will do well to give Messrs. Por- 
ter, Bell & Oo. a call. 

GuNTOK, Iowa, ) 
March, 17, 1871. f 

Megsrs. Wilson & Fellows; 

Db. Sibs: — ^As correspondents to 
the JouBNAii from this part of Iowa 
are, as the old saying is, ''like angels 
visits," few and far between, I send 
you a few words in regard to the Jour- 
nal. The March number of your ever 
weloome Journal makes but the third 
I have ever had the pleasure of perus- 
ing. And already I can see a decided 
improvement over the first that speaks 
well for the future prosperity of this 
valuable little Journal The well writ- 
ten articles that fill its columns makes 
it already a very interesting as well as 
instructive little sheet, and from which 
much valuable information can be de- 
rived. And I will here say the Jour- 
nal is very much liked in this commu- 
nity; not hj the ••B. of L. E." alone 
but by all its numerous subscribers, 
and more especially by your humble 
correspondent, who, very fortunately, 
was persuaded to become a subscriber. 
And now in conclusion, will say thai 
all that is necessary to make the Jour- 
nal an entire success, and worthy as it 
is already of a far more extensive cir- 
culation, is a hearty co-operation of 
ail concerned. 

With my best wishes for the future 
success of the Journal, I am, as ever. 
Truly Yours, 

T. H. G. 

WASHDraTON, March 21, 1871. 

FBiBin> Wilson :— I am fully per- 
suaded that politics is made contra- 
band matter by the Locomotive Engi- 
neer's Monthly Journal. That fact 
seems to affect me as an ailment. It 
really operates to make me unfruitful 
as a contributor to the Jottbnaii. For, 
think you, from the beginning of the 
year to the end thereof, and fron:> 
dewy morning to dusky evening of 
each day, nothing scarcely, nothing of 
note, sounds in my ear but politics. 
As a 'consequence, one is forced to 
tbink almost continually on that sub- 
ject, and if he attempts to speak or 
write, politics is the convenient 

But as the young disciple of letters 
would say *'iempns /ugii," (time flies V 

Digitized by 




and the editors, space is precioa8> so I 
mnat have a theme at onoe, and turn- 
ing (as if by a miraooloos conception) 
to railroads, I make them my subject ; 
I shall disooorse, of course, profoundly 
wise. What a blessing and a bane 
they are. How they do shower bless* 
ings npon the community by taking 
us away and returning us so rapidly 
and pleasantly to home, bat what a 
min is wrought when a train is run 
down an embankment, or through a 
bridge, or when two trains run 
together. Then how the firesides have 
Taoant seats, the home becomes 
gloomy, and the household mourns for 
them that will never return. But you 
know that everything in the world that 
has for its object a blessing, may have 
as an incident under some untoward 
cireumstanoe its bane. The horse, so 
noble, tractable, and kind, ordinariljr, 
may become frightened and throw his 
rider from his back and kill him, or 
emsh the buggy and its inmates ; the 
son which restores dead natures when 
the winter is gone, and causes the 
earth to bloom in beauty, and bathes 
the invalid with health, restoring light 
and warmth, may send us the sun- 
stroke or the pestilence ; the food that 
naturally becomes the vital current, 
tissue, sinew and bone, and ultimate 
enjoyable human existence, may be- 
aome under some conditions, the 
release from the <*fever of living,'' and 
the passport to the realms of the ever- 
lasting unseen. I would that the rail- 
read conductor and engineer might 
always be thoughtful, and not run their 
trains "wild," and not out of time ; 
that their watches might never run 
wrong nor stop ; that Ihe axles might 
never break, nor the locomotive blow 
up ; the rail get out of place ; the tie 
decay ; the bridge fall, nor the villain 
obstruct the track ; that railroads 
might be a bane no more. But all 
that there is of this world is imperfect 
and we can only diminiBh the bane by 
perfecting the men who build the roads 
and the engines, that run the trains, 
and punish those who plot mischief, 
nay, worse,, crime. 

Washington as yet, has had but few 
facilities of intercourse with the coun- 
try, but more are in prospect. From 

the north, northwest and west, we 
have yet but a single railroad which 
connects Washington with Baltimore. 
Bat by midsummer it is expected 
that the Baltimore and Potomac rail-' 
road will be completed, which will 
connect the Northern Central with this 
city. Then the Metropolitan Branch 
is to be completed by the Baltimore Sir 
Ohio railroad, which will shorten the 
distance to Pittsburgh 42 miles, to be 
completed in May, 1872. Then there 
is what is called the Washington k 
Ohio railroad from Alexandria to Ham- 
ilton, Va., completed now, with a pro- 
jected terminus on the Ohio river. 
Efforts, I understand, are put forth to 
extend this road the coming season to 
Winchester in the fertile valley of the 
Shenandoah river. A branch road, or 
a road by some other company will tap- 
the W. k O. B. R. some day not far 
distant, out six or eight miles and come 
directly into Washington. Then the 
Baltimore & Potomac company are 
now at work on the old Long Bridge 
fitting it up to take their trains across 
the Potomac from tttk city on their- 
way down into the Old Dominion. 
Thus it will be seen that we are to have 
greatly increased facilities of commu- 
nication with the countiy. May they 
all be speedily completed. 

The spring- time has come and the 
birds and flowers are with us agftin. 
The season seems to be mach earlier 
than usual. 

Truly, L. S.A. 

BooHBSTEB, April nth, 1871. 
Brothers Wilson & Fellows: — In ans- 
wer to H. B. A., who wishes to know 
what has become of C E. 1 will say he 
still lives, but the effect of his little 
article, headed " Encouragement'' has, 
after mature reflection, taught him 
that writing for the Joubnal is not one 
of his accomplishments. It is true I en- 
joyed the breeze I started, but thought 
it would be the last time I would give 
the ladies a chance at me with pen and' 
ink. There is still another reason why 
I could not contribute over the signa- 
ture ** 0. E '» When I used those let- 
ters I had the right to use them, as I 
then had the honor to be '* C. K of 

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Div. No. 18. B of L. E.*' Bat as life 
itself is uncertain, so official existence 
is extremely so. Therefore, I no 
longer rejoice in the above title. That 
4hre are plenty of subjects on which 
one might write interesting articles is 
true ; and it is just as true that there 
are circumstances worthy of note 
transpiring in our midst every little 
while. One in particular, which (£ 
•have perused the Journaij in vain, to 
see noticed,) comes to my mind to-day. 
It deserves to be noticed, and in a very 
•exalted manner, too ; but yet there 
seems to be no likelihood of its ever 
being mentioned at all, unless I do it, 
and 1 cannot do it without referring to 
the ladies which may call out other 
••Clara's" and "W. S.'s" and then 
what in the world could I do ! How- 
ever I will run the risk once more, and 
proceed to briefly notice a most praise- 
worthy act of kindness performed by 
the ladies in and about Rochester, 
whose husbands are members of." Div. 
as B. of L.E.*' As I do not wish to upe 
names withouliv permiBsion, I will 
simply state : sometime during the 
latter part of the winter, one of our 
Brothers on returning home was told 
by his wife that some friend of hers, a 
widow lady, had been presented by 
the friends of her late husband with a 
nice new sewing machine. Whereup- 
on the brother remarked : The wives 
of Div. 18's members might do as well 
lor widow H. if they only thought so. 
He was sure she was trying as hard as 
anybody to get along, with not a very 
.flattering prospect of success. A widow 
with five children to feed, clothe, to 
wash and mend, and to make for, and 
no sewiog machine in the house. AU, 
•every single thing to be done with one 
pair of hands. Here was food for 
thought Here was a chance to see 
what (we) women can do. Action 
<^nioklv followed meditation, and very 
soon the three women, armed with a 
Mstof names of engineers belonging 
to the B. of L. £. had started on er- 
•vands of a purely charitable nature, 
and which was destined to be crowned 
with a success far beyond their most 
MMUguine expectations. They suoceed- 
'ed so well tkat ere their list of names 
mn out, more than the required sum 

had been raised. But, as no one onjg^ht 
to be slighted on occasions like this, 
so all received a call, and I presume 
all responded ; at any rate when this 
self-appointed committee had finished 
their collection and purchased a 
splendid Elias Howe Sewing Maehiae, 
they had still remaining $116.00, whiok 
the reader will agree with me is bo 
small item, when raised for a ohari^ 
able purpose. They soon appeared at 
the door of the widow's cottage, and 
by a gentle rap called the attention o# 
the widow from her weary toil. Sup- 
prised at this unexpected call, (for aha 
had been kept in ignorance of tha 
scheme) she began offering an apology 
foL the room not being just so, bat 
was quickly stopped, by the informa- 
tion that their otUl was of a busineas 
nature ; therefore, apologies were un- 
necessary. When they had explained 
the object of their visit by presenting 
the widow with the bill of sale of tha 
machine and the remaining money, 
her expressions of gratitude were 
drowned in tears, and I am credibly 
informed that even the fair authors oi 
this expression of sympathy thought 
they h^ dust in their eyes, or some- 
thing b'ke it, that demanded the im- 
mediate use of the handkerchief ta 
them. It is sufficient to .conclude, 
that each one returned home feeling 
blessed at the result of their labors. 
Very truly yours, 


Baldwin Locomotive Works. 

We are in receipt of a circular from 
the above works, which gives phota- 
graphs of tix classes of narrow gauge 
locomotives. They are arranged for 
two feet six inch gauge, or to suit aofr 
gauge desired. 

Had we space we should like to print 
this circular entire, as it contains a 
great amount of useful information, 
besides giving a detaUed statement of 
dimensions, and capacity, of the six 
classes of locomotives they are now 
prepared to buUd. 

Digitized by 




We would advise all persons who 
have any desire to obtain information 
relating to narrow gauge railroads, and 
engines; to send to M. Baird & Co., 
Ixxsomotive Builders, Philadelphia, 
Pa., for a copy of their Photograph 
Oirealar on narrow gauge engines. It 
will be cheerfully furoished to all ap- 

I Remember. 

I remember the blue skies, and 
downy douds flecked with crimson, 
and starry nights when the moon 
shone, and winter nights when the 
snow lay on the ground, when there 
was chiming of bells and peals of 
laughter. I remember snatches of 
rhyme and pattering of little feet — and 
the noise of playful chattering to dolls 
— and the chime of little dishes and 
eertain performances on musical in- 

I remember a great deal more than 
all this. I remember a day when toys 
and dolls were gathered up and put 
away bv careful hands — when the little 
worn shoes, and crimson frock, and 
white pinafore were laid away almost 
saeredly in an unused drawer up stairs 
—when there was no laughter, no pat- 
tering of footsteps; when the empty 
ehair was put back in a distant corner. 
I remember — ^tears and moans — and a 
little calm, dead face in a coffia. Dead! 
did I say? dead I No, no, that cannot 
be; you are living in my heart, in my 
memory, darling, living where no 
sickness or pain can come, no death 
destroy. In heaven, thank God. There 
is a little grave in Bock Island, over- 
looking the Mississippi river; there 
are very many such little graves, there 
are many broken hearts; well it is 
there is One who can heal them. There 
are many vacant cribs, and empty 
chairs and desolate homes. What 
should we do if he had not said suffer 
little children to come unto me. 

I remember, aye, and who does not 
remember? Who is there on the wide 
earth who has not some sacred mem- 
ory hid away from the pr^ng eyes of 
the world? Some recollection between 

which mamon's worshipers a vail is 
forever drawn? Who could quite for- 
get if she would? ay, who would quite 
forget if she could? Dead ! young glad 
child as she, while I, crushed and 
panting, live on. She was fit for the 
kingdom, but the furnace had to be 
heated again to purify my earthlyness. 
All the dajrs of my appointed time 
shall I wait till my change come. 
Then shall I see here in the glory of 
the ransomed— shall walk with her in 
the beautiful city, and weep no more. 
An Enoinebb s Wifb. 
Foot Watkb, March 19, 1871. 

Baltihobb, Md., March 30, 71. 

Mbssbs. Editobs :— Will you allow 
me to come in conflict with the young 
engineer of the Old Harlem, New York 
City Division, No. 105, and the Fire- 
man of Buffalo. As I am only a school 
boy, I am desirous of being interested 
in the same matter called water. Se 
far as I can understand, through the 
contention of these gentlemen, and 
Mr. Young, I do not see where Mr. 
Young has carried himself astray in 
his expressions. But I will have to 
say that I do see *vhere the younff 
engineer and the fireman have serried 
themselves rather too far. I can say 
to the engineers that Mr. Young does 
not say that steam expands 1800 times 
its pressure at 100 lbs. per square inch. 
So I think if you read over his writings 
a little more careful you will find thai 
he says it increases 1800 times, (leav- 
ing out the 100 lbs. per square inch). 
So far as my studies of steam engi- 
neering extends, I think that 100 lbs. 
per square inch of steam- will expand 
1700 times, and will still hold a pres- 
sure of 14.7 lbs. per square moh, 
which will just equalize the pressure of 
the atmosphere, therefore can yon see 
how steam will increase its pressure by 
expansion so as to generate a combus- 
tible body (so called a torpedo.) It is 
true that one cubic inch of water wiH 
generate 1700 cubic inches of steam at 
atmospheric pressure, which is not 
indicated by the gajge. 

The cubical contents of a pint of 
water is 28. 875 cubic inches, and when 
converted into steam, making 49087.6 

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cubic inches, eqaiyalent to the atmos 
pheric presBtire, and reducing the 
49087.6 one-eighth, we have G136.187 
cubic inches of steam at eight atmos- 
pheres, indicated by the gauge of 117.6 

Engineer, if you will give me the 
extension of the atmosphere in height, 
and how it is graduated in pressure, I 
will give you an answer as to the 
amount of steam this world of ours 
will make, at the expansion of 1800 

If you do wish to hear from me 
again, let me hear from you in the 
next issue of this Journaii. 

The Fireman will hear from me in 
the next issue. I am sorry to say that 
I cannot give him a call at this time. 
Respectfully, etc. 


The Education of LocomotiTe Engi- 

This is a sabject of vital importance to 
the community as well as to Railroad 
companies, and is now receivinfc con- 
siderable attention both in this country 
and Europe. Engineering has assumed 
such vast importance as an element of 
modern progress and civilization that it 
has given birth to new inventions, and 
in fact, a new profession, whose scope 
and functions it is true are not yet very 
clearly defined. The amount of capital 
imvested in engineering in this country 
and especially in railroads, can now be 
counted by the millions of dollars. That 
the safety to a great extent, of such vast 
amount of money, and the care of pro- 
perty of such value should be intrusted 
to persoDs who have never been educated 
in the profession, or at least partially 
trained for it, begins to excite surprise, 
and the evils to assume the form of a 
problem for solution, the exact nature, 
or as the doctor says, the diagnosis of it 
is npt the easiest element in determining 
what should be done. It is a lamentable 
fact that a great many Engineers, or at 
Idast they are called Engineers, I use 
the term very broadly— are ignorant of 
a great many things which is important 
that they should know, and in conse- 
quence of these facts they are incompe- 
tent, as they lack the necessary qualifi- 
cation that they should posess. We all 
know, or that portion of the engineering 

department of railroaders that under- 
stand their business, as what should be 
the necessary qualifications of a man to 
make a good Engineer. There are 
several peculiar traits of character that 
he should possess ; therefore we propose 
to consider what should Engineers who 
are employed by Railroad companiea 
know, and what qualifications they ought 
to possess, and how they can acquire the 
knowledge and get the training which 
they need. 

At the very outset of tke considera- 
tions of these questions we are met bj 
the old contention of the relative merits, 
-of theory and practice. The practical 
men who have no theoretical knowledge, 
scoff at the theorists and the latter sneer 
at the attainments o( those who bear the 
burden and heat of the day. It requires 
very little experience on the one hand 
and not much study on the other, to 
learn that each are equally important, 
but in different ways. A very common 
error prevails with reference to the value 
of education as the term is popularly 
used, it is not so much the acquistion 
of any positive kind or quantity of knowl- 
edge as it is the developement of tho 
faculties which enable us to learL, it is to 
a great extent like the exercise of the 
gymnast the value of which is not in any 
useful purpose directly accomplished 
but in the strength of and the flexibility 
which the practice gives to the muscles. 
This is the case when a child begins to 
learn its letters, its attention is fixed upon 
their mere form which gradually becomes 
associated with their names. The im- 
pression however is received chrough a 
series of voluntary efforts to acquire the 
knowledge. The combination of lettera 
into words requires a still further effort 
of this kind and gradually the faculties 
are strengthened and accuttum them- 
selves to receive knowledge, in this way 
education implies a constant subordina- 
tion or submission of the faculties to the 
reception of knowledge, and the pratice 
of receiving new ideas fVom books gives 
a sort of mental dexterity and facility of 
comprehension which the people who do 
not read or study, seldom learn. Per- 
sons who learn only bv experience and 
observation, must have new ideas pre- 
sented in some material form belore they 
thoroughly understand them. Words 
seems to carry no distinct or clear image 
to their minds. The tendency of this 
eRpecially on those who are naturally ia- 

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teligent and observantf bat whose range 
of thonght is limited by their own exper- 
ience is to make them to a certain extent 
oblivions of the existence of any other 
knowledge, excepting that which has re- 
vealed itself to them ; and if sQch peo- 
ple occupy positions in which they are 
in the constant habit of exercising 
aathority, their minds are very apt to 
become narrowed down into the limits of 
their own range of thought, to become 
intolerant of other people s opinions and 
to assume that all knowledge and know- 
ing begins and ends with them, or with 
what they have .learned A person who is 
in the habit of iiaviag his words regarded 
as law and whose opinions and wishes 
are seldom qnestioned, is very prone to 
over estimate his own capacity unless he 
ii in the habit of often measureing and 
comparing his idefis hj study or reading 
with those of others, it will therefore of- 
ten be found that the most inteligent un- 
educated people who won't believe in 
* 'Theory are the most intolerent of 
others opinions the most arrogant in as- 
serting their own, and the slowest to 
learn what others could teach them. This 
type of man we i egret to say, can be 
found among master mechanics and fore- 
men of of railroad shops, etc.. There is 
not much danger of hurting their feelings 
because such men as we refer to will. not 
read this or anything else . The asser- 
tion will often be heard from them that 
^'Uiey do not like*' this or that as though 
their likes and dislikes were the standard 
of all truth. Arguments with them has 
ne influence and a donionstration as clear 
as mathematics is lik^ water on a duck's 
back. One of the most marked effects 
of education is the fact that it extends 
the intellectual vision, liberates the mind, 
and gives a wider range and greater com- 
prehension to our thoughts. Study gives 
a quickness of apprehension which ena- 
bles a person to profit by all the exper- 
ience of others, which is recorded in 
books, it developes a power of apprecia- 
tion and concentration, enforces exact- 
ness and accuracy, and it properly di- 
rected teaches how to classify facts, make 
dedactions and reason logically, and, 
"when carried far enough," gives that 
hmlnous power of invention without, 
which it is impossible to penetrate into 
the secrets of^ nature. I do not intend 
to say that this kind of training which 
I have tried to describe can only be re- 
ceived in SchaoU and Colleges, many 

self-educated men have acquired it 
through their own exertions, and the 
aspiring vouns engineer who has 
been neglected in his youthful days, 
either by himself or those who had the 
care of him, and is now debared from 
the advantages of a thorough scholastic 
education need have no cause for des- 
pondency, if I were to say that a person 
dependant upon his own exertions and 
with but little time for study had as easy 
a road to travel, as he who had all the 
advantages of a classic education, and 
all that experience teaches, and ample 
time can give, I would be saying what is 
not true, but because we have a rough 
journey is no reason for sitting down in 
despondency by the roadside. The ex- 
tra exertion and effort required will give 
an advantage of their own which the 
easier work of a school will not develope. 

We have no intention of under valu- 
ing the importance of practical exper- 
ience Upon the contrary of the two 
the knowledge gained in the actual prac- 
tice of his protession is to the engineer, 
and those who employ him of very much 
the more value, but what we desire to 
impress is the fact that the intellectual 
training which a man gets from the study 
of useful books is of inestimable advan- 
tage to the young engineer, and without 
it he can never be thoroughly qualified 
for his profession as an Engineer, our rea- 
son for thinking so is not only or chiefly 
because without this kind of education 
he will be lacking in certain definite in- 
formation which could be acquired from 
books, but because of the want of that 
intellectual training without which he is 
almost sure to be not only narrow minded 
but very slow in receiving new ideas or 
estimating the value of old ones. There- 
fore in the education of engineers in 
schools it is not of the most importance 
that they should learn such things as 
they can turn to practical account in 
their profession, as it is that their minds 
should be disciplined, and that they may 
learn, how to learn. Swedenborge, I be- 
lieve it is who teaches the doctrine that 
the spiritual vision in the natural state 
is as it were veiled, or crowded and una- 
ble to distinguish excepting vaguely, 
between good and evil but by the constant 
effort to do good this evil or cloud is re- 

We are not discussing theology, there- 
fore have nothing to say with reference 
to this doctrine, but it represents very 

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well the connection of the mind and the 
effect of intellectual training. 

The mind in its natnral state is also 
yeiled, so that things are not seen dis- 
tinctly: but the voluntary effort to see 
through this cloud like the rays of the 
rising sun will pierce through the mist 
which gathers in the darkness and soon 
dissipates the veil and reveal objects 
distinctly, it is sufficient for any one ac- 
customed to the companionship of books 
all his life to realize the exceeding slow- 
ness with whicn ideas embodied in print 
reveal themselves to persons who are not 
in the habit ef reading. The simplest 
paragraphs in a newspaper will he read 
over and over again before the meaning 
is understood The comprehension of 
any involved ideas will be very slow, and 
it must be presented in a variety of ways 
before it impresses itself on such minds, 
it may seem strange that it should be at 
all necessary to say anything about the 
importance of education as one of the 
necessary qualifications of an Engineer 
or master mechanic, but there is a sort 
of dormant idea prevailing which it is 
true is seldom distinctly expressed to the 
effect that education is not at all a re- 
quisite or useful qualification for persons 
tilling responsible positions in the me- 
chanical and engineering departments 
of our Rail Roads. The idea has been 
that well educated men are sometimes 
visionary, that we do not say that prac- 
tical experience is as neccessary to qual- 
fy them for the duties of such positions 
as it IS for less cultivated people is also 
true, but education combined with the 
practical knowledge will always make a 
better Enjzineer, Master Mechanic, or 
Superintendent- To the young engineer 
I would say, improve every opportunity 
that you have to i nform yourself. There 
is a great many things, to learn and you 
can get new ideasas lonsj as you are obser- 
vant. The day is not far distant when 
railroad companies will make it one of 
the necessary qualifications of an engi- 
neer to have an education, and the young 
man at this age of the world, with all the 
vantages around him and ample time 
to educate himself there can be no excuse 
offered. All that is wanting is a will. 
Should you have any money to spend, 
spend it for scientific books, instead of 
■pending it for amusements smoking 
and drinking habits that are calculated 
to ruin any man. 

Pas Handkl. 


The 'Sew Air Brake. 

We wish to call particular attention 
to the advertisement of "The West- 
ingbonse Air Brake Company, in tliia 


All new inventions are looked npon 
with more or less distrust at first, but 
the praotioal application and nse of 
any invention is the only sure vay to 
test its usef allness. 

This brake is now in daily use on 
several of the most importmt Bail- 
roads in this country, and after mak- 
ing dilligont inquiry of a large number 
of Engineers who have been using 
this Brake we are informed by 
them that they consider it reliable, 
and that they can stop a train with 
this brake in a very short distance, 
while at the same time they can handle 
the train vei7 easy, in short, the train 
is under their complete controL 

All Engineers will appreciate the 
advantage of having a hnke that they 
can instantly apply to the whole train, 
and we hope that every Engineer will 
use his utmost endeavors to give this 
new brake a fair trial. 

By carefully observing the instruc- 
tions given in the advertisement, and 
with a little practical experience, any 
Engineer can keep his part of the ap- 
paratus in good order, and sueeea- 
fuUy operate the brake when it is 

Several communicationsare unavoida- 
bly crowded out. 

Expulsion in April Journal of Hudsoa 
and Brown should be from Divisiop No- 

Philadslpria, FebnuuT* ISTL 
Brothers WOwm^fc Fdlow: , 
There are eome Bnffineen belonmng to oor 
ont animation, that say there is no harm in drink- 
ins whiskey. But let ns admit for one moment 
and for the sake of argument, (to admit on other 
grounds wonid be culpable). Ijet us admit that 
Vf*u can drink with tmfiy to yowdf. Can you drimk 
with 9qjiu to yourfeUow Engineer, Are you chamd 
with no responsibility in respect to him. Ton 
drinks as you think.witfa#i the limits of safety. 
He in imitation of your examples, drinks abo. 
but passes that unseen unknown line within* 
which for him safety lies. Is not indolgenoe then 
a stumbling block? aye perchance a fatal stum* 
bling block in his way? is it not in prinoipi 

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ttw T6ry ea<e oontempUied by St P&al, when he 
■ud **It is foxl neither to eat flesh nor to drink 
wine, nor anything whereby thy Brother stum- 
Ueth or ii made weak?" Yonder is the younir 
and inexperienced Bngineer, without habits of 
•elf-eontrol. and with fiery appetite Would you 
kaTe him do as you do? yonder is one who is 
just on the Terge of the precipice that will 
plunge him into shame and woe unutterable; are 
yon willing tnat h* should find in your daily po- 
tations a specious bpology for his own. Or yon- 
der is one who is ilread^ a bondman to this fear- 
ful rice, but who /eels his debasement and would 
cladly be once more free. Will you do that in 
kU presence, which will discourage him from 
striking boldly for emancipation t Nay. it may 
be that ne is even now struggling bravely to be 
free. He has dashed away the cup of sorcery, 
aod is practising that which to him is the only al- 
tematire to ruin. Is it well that fVom you should 
proceed an influence to pre«s him back to his 
•up? that you by your examples should proclaim 
that not to drink is te be oyer scrupulous and 

The Whiskey Drinking Engineer in 
nation of the public is the woret of 1 t 

that the effects upon them mentally, pi f 

and morally is worse than upon others, r 

the reason that its peculiar effects U|)0 
neen and their families is more readily 1 

than upon others who are not so clearb »«t^..- 
dent upon a healthful mental and physicial con- 
dition, for the successful performance of their 

In all the awfhl derangements that mark the 
•ouiee of those who still incline to its use under 
the impression that they derive strength from 
the fire that always ooupume^, however deceitful 
renial its heat may seem to be, there is none 
that more uneringly marks its inherent, had«s 
power, than the fact that among its victims, the 
most aetive and inteligent, the naturally most 
awful are those it injures most. 

To show one engineor who turns to alcoholic 
drink for physical strength and mental vigor 
with satisfactory results in the end is impossi- 
ble, and yet how many there utill are who 
will ever boastingly tell of what they deem the 
advantage to them of the use of spirituous li- 
qoors- As well might the turtle m ng s ings to the 
enal on his back because he paddles along more 
nriftly while it scorches his shell, and stirs his 
motive powers te sometimes startling activity. 
The man who fires hii blood and nerves with 
whiskey for the work of to-day, not only steals 
the needed strength of to-morrow but deadens his 
powers of recuperation when the time for nat- 
ural rest shall arrive. There is not a human be- 
ing in existence fitted for any work who can long 
•ontinue to perform it upon a basis of alcoholic 
stimulants, without finding the truth of the oft 
told fact that the apparent necessity grows by 
what it feeds upon, and leaves the victim daily 
in'greatar apparent need of its poisonous exhilera- 
iton than on the previous day. It excites, bnt it 
weakens and debases both body and mind and is 
Dever beneficial outside of its proper use in 

To the members of our Brotherhood I would 
say. drink not at alL It will be admitted. I pre- 
fame, by all who read this, if there were no tem- 
perate drinking there would be none that is in- 
temperate. Engineers do not begin by what is 
araally called immoderate induUence bat by 
that which they regard as moderate. Gradually 
and insensibly their draughts are increased until 
the functions of life are permanily disturbed, the 
fyttem becomes inflamed, and there is that mor- 
bid appetite which will hardly brook restraint 
and the indolgence of which is aottish intem- 

perance. Let it be remembered then, that what 
is usually styled temptratt drinking stands as the 
condition precedent of that which is vUetnperate, 
Diioontinue one, and the other becomes imp<»sei- 

But what is the cause of moderate drinking? 
Is it the forre of natural appetite? Rarely, nine- 
tenths of those who use alcoholic stimulant* doiL. 
in the flrst instance and after, tor along lime not 
from appetite but firom deference to custom or 
&8hion. Usage has associated intoxicating drinki 
with good fellowship. 

However false and dangerous such an associa- 
tion may be it is not surprising, that when once 
established, it continually gathered htrength. 
with some through appetite, with othera nsist- 
ance to cold. Resistance to cold. I claim is beet 
maintained without alcohol, which warms for 
the time, but is followed by a 001 responding de- 
preesion of oalonfilo power. On the other hand 
all the best writers on tropical d seaaes are agreed 
that the use of aloohol in wnrm climates is meet 
ruinous to the health. Workmen exposed to 
great heat (as glass blowera, founders. &c,,) can 
perform the most labor and with the least fatiaua 
without alcoholic drinks. 

Men of the Brotherhood I hope that this will 
have its desired effect, be temperate, be men. 
stand up for the total abstinence which must ba 
the comer stone of our organisation. And espeo^ 
ially to the members of Div. No. 45, be sober 
men and thereby gain the good will of our ofe- 
cera of the PhiU. Division, P. R, R. 

^ J. E. M. 


i>-^» WT A * Chicago, April »th, 1871. 

SroC-er W, 1mm:— At A regular meeting of Div- 
ision No. 10. B. of L. E.. held in their hall March 
8th, 1871, after the regular orders of bus nees 
were disposed of, the Brothers were col ected 
around the altar, by Bro. Hill who in behalr of 
the Divition, presented^toBro. K.JS. Brown, our 
wo thy F. A. E. a splendid gold chain andchiirm 
with the following remarks: 

Bro. Brown : In behalf of the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers of Division No- 10, I pre- 
sent you with this gold chain and charm. It be- 
ing a slight token of our regard to you for the 
able manner in which you have discharged the 
several duties of your oflSce in conntrction with 
pur Order. And believe us your s rvicee will ever 
be remembered. We feel confident that any du- 
ties you may hereafter be called on to perform, 
will be discharged with credit to yourseli. and 
satisfaction to the Order. 

Trusting that the time is far distant when our 
beloved Order shall lose the services of those they 
value so much, and wishing you many hanpy 
days, we beg leave to remain yours fraiemally. 
on behalf of the membeis. 

John Hill. ) 
ParickCotlr > Committee. 
Ja8.McComb. ) 

Brother Brown responded as follows; 

Brother* of Divuntm No. 10; 

Although taken completely by Qtfrprise, I am 
none the less gratified with this expression of 
satisfaction and good will towards me. Uhtm 
ever been my aim to rerform the duties of my 
office to the entire satisfaction of all corcemecC 
and feel I have been amply rewarded by so hand- 
some a present, for which I beg you will acoepi 
my sincere thanks. 

This expression of gratitude, as you chooee 
to call it, shall be an incentive to givater exer- 
tion for the good of the Brotherhood in the tor 

Digitized by 






At a regclar stated meeting of Sanbury Di- 
'^ion No. 98. B. ot L. E., held March 1% 1871. it 
was unauimously resolved to tender a vote of 
thanks to A. R. Fiske, General Superintendent of 
the Northern Central Railway, for his kindness in 
granting to the members of Sunbury and Cata- 
wissa Divisions, No's 98 and 76. B. o* L. £., a 
free pass over the said Railway Arom Bunbunr to 
Baltimore and retnm. For the purpose of at- 
i^ndinga Union meeting held at the Hall of Bal- 
timore Division No. 52. B. of L. E. 

Jif»olved. That we will ever remember with 
tleasure the manner in which we were received 
^y the Brothers of Baltimore Division No. 52, on 
our arrival at the Monumental city, and the 
kind attention shown us, bv both Baltimore and 
South Baltimore Divisions No. 52 and 97 during 
•otir stay with them. 

Beaolved^ That we return onr sinoere thanks 
to the Rev. W. Davip. Pastor of the Straw bridge 
M E. Church, for the able address which he de- 
livered to nn on that day, Sunday, Feb. 5, 1871, 
for the wel&re of the Brotherhood of Locomo- 
tive Engineers, and may we ever remember and 
ever endeavor to follow the good advice which 
he gave to u». .... 

Retofved, That this vote of thanks be pub- 
lished in our Monthly JournaL 

Montana, Iowa, March 2 1871. 

To John A, Head, Supt: M, M, Butler, M. lf„ 
Af- 3f . T&fone^ Train Dvipatcher. 

GENTLKiiKN: At a meeting of Montana Divis- 
ion No. 6, held Feb. 25. 1871. we were gratefully 
tforprised to find placed on our altar by your gen- 
'Wosity. a beauUfnl bound volume of the sacred 
Bibln, with the following inscription thereon : 

•Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Div. 
No. 6k Montana, Iowa, 1871. Compliments of 
Head. Butler, audTowne." 

In behalf of my brother Engineers, I accept 
ihii inestimable ffifc. not only SB a token of intrinsic 
value, but a pledge of confidence and esteem 
which you have seen proper to bestow upon the 
Brotherhood running under your immediate su- 
f>ervi-ion and it is. our earnest desire that the bond 
of friendship and'confldonce now existing be- 
tween yourselves and the Engineers may remain 
unbroken, and that you may never have (aufe 
to regret the influence you have lent to elevate 
the standing and chara'*ter of the Locomotive 
Engineers, and we feel that their debt of grati- 
tude cannot be repaid in words, but by a united 
effort to maintain the principles of our oraaniza- 
tion. anl a strict adherence to our motto, Sobriety, 
TinifK Ju^lce and Morality. 

With fhese few thoughts, please accept the 
best wishes of your friends, and members of Mon- 
tana Div. No. 6. , „ „ « « 
J. K. Fmrr, C. K. 

HmiTBViLLC, AI.A., March 29, 1871. 

At a resular meeting of Division No. 91, B. of L. 
E.. held in their new room in the M. & 0. B. B. 
office building, the nnderaigned committee was ap- 
pointed to extend a vote of thanks to the following 
named proprietors and builders of locomotivee for 
the mas;niflcent pictures sent to onr Dlvlirion. 

Reaolvd, That we return onr sincere thanks to 
the worthy proprietors of the Baldwin Locomotive 
Works for three beanUfu) pictures of their latest 
■tyl<>s of wood and coal burning engines. 

We also extend our kindest thanks to the propri- 
etors and builders of the Rogers' L. 4 M. Work! 

for six fine photograph pictures of their late stylea 
of wood and coal burning engines. 

We also extend our well wishes and kind thaaka 
to the proprietors and bulldera of the Grant I<ooo- 
motive Works for three fine pictures sent na. ot 
their lateat styles of their wood and ooal burning 

Retolvedt That we, as engineers, will ever rfr> 
member the above named locomotive bnildera, and 
wish them good sncoess in all of their bualneea. 

Eesolved, That the above preamble be pnbllahed 
in the L. E. Momthlt Joubnal, and a copy of tha 
JouBM AL be sent to each one of the looomotiTa 
works for the proprietors, as a token of onr reapeo^ 
as members of Division ho. 91 of B. of L. S. 


Wic McAkajxt, } Conomittae. 

J. H. BT70KKLXW, ) 


DiKD in Spnngvale, Maine, Febmary 24th, 
Bkssik C, daughter of John and Mart Class. ; 
aged 2 years. 

Mr. Clark is a member of the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers, of Division No. SO. Phil- 
lipsburgh, N. J., and sad was the tidings that 
brought the father to his pleasant home tc find 
this darling child clothed for the grave. Hard 
this grief for the fond mother to bear, for surely a 
child could not have been loved more fondly. 
Bessie was a child ot sreat promise, and stronir the 
ti^ that have been riven, and may the parents ba 

Little Bessie, blue eyed darling! 

Could not with us longer stay. 
For God's blessed angels took her. 

From our happy home away. 

And they've bourn her to a country 

All so beauteous and so fair. 
Where she never more will suffer. 

For no sorrow enters there. 

Oh ! how sadly do we miss her. 

And our hearts are filled with pain. 
But we hope that up in heaven 

We shall sometime meet again. 

God bless Oather, God bless mother. 

And dear sister Nellie, too. 
And the darling baby brother. 

Though this grief he does not know. 

And when life on earth is ended, 
And its grief is known no more. 

May we meet our darling Bessie. 
On that blessed, happy shore. 

Ma a. K F. Cmciciiroa. 

icama's bt toub little oeatii. 

Bessie, darling, mother's sear thee. 

Kneeling by thy little grave. 
Thinking deeply of thee, darling. 

While my tears the sweet hours lave. 

Bessie, precious, mama's talking. 

Can you hear me in my woe? 
Can you answer mama, Bessie? 

Answer me so soft and low. 

No, my sweet, you cannot answer. 

Cannot see me in my grief; 
That is right, is good, my Bessie, 

E'en that thought brings ma rolief. 

Digitized by 




Jb tkiifmvtt an thaff Ml ae, 

Lflft M of BT darliac chad? 
8hftU I MTw hMT her. aee hor. 

Oh! Bu thoo^te wiU drive IM wiU. 

]faF my heart, be calm, the graTe 

Ii not all thet'« left to thee. 
Have TOO not a little aotel. 

And her praeioas memorr. 

Btow loltly winds, with aentlo hteeaa, 

Acres this little moaaa. 
For one I Iotc u sleeptnx hera. 

Beneath the cokl damp croand. 

T%oa dear JesuH. who for a brother— 
Did'rt in deep oompawion weep— 

Brine 'fhj handm«idfl, anotlier Manr, 
Meek* and humble, to th/ feet 

M. A.B. 



Happy with the aogcl oaod, 
[ am tare, and happy, mama. 
Safe, and ek>w to Christ *ii right hand. 

And I *^nr" inch sobks of gloiT* 
Sweeter than the aongs I knew. 

When I rang at home, on earth, 
ittto time I tivad with yon. 


And I **mntlek play," mama. 
With theee Uttle handd of mine, 

Moric, each was neyer heard on earth. 
For the notes are all dlTine . 

i Aall aeTsr know a sorrow, 

Nerer feel a single pnin, 
Ke'r feel cold, heat* or hanger. 

Keyer want, '*AMnt a batter daia.^ 

JLn yon monming for me, mamn 
Do yon feel my nbience long? 

Cbeer op. mama, for yoor Bessie 
Is amon«n happy throng. 

yonH see me some day, i 

Oh. the happiness thereMlbe. 
So wipe sway yonr tears and smile. 
And do not grieve for me., 

**Barliiie mama, annt Nenie too. 

Marline mama, annt rfmn 
Baby babsr, papa Dom," 

Undes, aonts. and many eonsins^ 
I shall watch for 

r every one. 

M. li. B. 

AT a ra«alar meeting of Dlvlalon Ho. 10, B. of L. 
I.. Mareh Htb, 1871, the foQowing preamble and 
molntlone were adopted: 

WHsanAs, Oar late worthy Brother Geo. Blstsr. 
amemberof IMviilon No. 10, B. of L E.. was 
<Mallyill^^n«d by hia engine ooUiding with oars 
oD the aide-traok at Bookport, Ohio, Deo. 81st, 1870, 
«Milng his death Jan. 3d, 1871. Be It, therefore, 

JBasetaed, That In the death of Brother George 
Oker the Division has lost a worthy meml>er, and 
the Brothers a genial oompanlon. 

/CcMieed. That we feel deeply the Iocs of oar de- 
eened Brother, and eamesUy sympathise with the 
Aarviving relatives In their bereavement, while we 
treat that what la tkHr loss. Is their dear biother's 

Remlmtd, That oar gratitnde be extended to A. Y. 
meger, trsin diepateher at CItfvelaad, Ohio, for his 
<tWntewielsd Undness to our late brother, from the 
tteeefhtslBjnry tothe time of hie death. 

ihsafasd. Ttel w«retan oar thankatothamsiA. 
bare oTDtviiioa Vo. ai. B. of L. &. at dtvMand. 
Ohio. Ibr their kindaeaSft ahown la eeeortlag the ra> 
mainaofoorlwotherto thecareatOlevelead;a)ao 
tothemembenofDlvlaloaNalS.B.of U R,, nt 
Booheater, N. T.« for their kladncas la aetiag sa 
pall bearen, and eeoorting the remalna of onr di^ 
eeaaed brother to their last reali^ plaea. 

JggwisM. That In token of onr respeotlbroirlale 
worthy brother, onr Division room and Ohartar be 
drHMd In monming for the spaoe of thirty daya. 

Mtt»ol99d That a copy of these reeohitioaa be pea- 
aented to the relattvee of our deoeaeed brother^ and 
that they l>e pahUahed In the JJoooMOvra , 
anaaa' ]fonai.T Jouaiux.. 

H. K. bioaa, ) 
P. H. Flawaoax, { < 
Patmck Ouxu^ ) 

At a regular meeting of Division Vo. 68, B. of 
L. B., held March 17, the foUowing resolaaons 
were adopted: 

WHiaaAfl, It has pleased tho Diviao PiotI- 
dsnce in His inscratiVle wisdom f 


among as oar associate ami brother, Jacob 1 
brake; therefore be it 

RmUwd, Tha^inthedeathafbrotharWlaa- 
brake, this DivLrfoa has lost oae of ita h easfsd 
and most worthy members, and sodsty a maoh 
esteemed and respected eitisea. 

RmUvtd, Thattothebereavedwidawaadchtl- 
draa we taader onr earnest and hsartfeltsymp ' 
iee, aad eommend them to the iaflaito 
ofHim who doeth aU thinn weU. 

Bmcimi, That onr Divlsioa room aad choitsr 
be draped iamoaraingfi>r the asaalttmo» laia* 
speot to the memory of deceased. 

HmAmi^ That a eopy of the aboTobo joiii a toi 
totheaflioledflunily by thoeooudttoooppoiatod 

iZflfolmrf, That a copy of these fsodotkas bo 
haaded our dtf papen. aad also oao ferwaidod 
to the JhgMM sr ^s Jammed, ^ 

W, H. HraLOT* 
Jamio VAiiCunia. 

Diap of consamptlon, Bro. WlUlam H. Tdosa, 
aged thirty-three ysars, he wao a member of 
Albaay DIvistoa, Mo. 40 a of L. &, hIa i 
takeatoBaUatoaOsmeftry.aad ' 

of aad borted by Divlsioa 46, aad with thabsaa* 
tifnl aad impremiva oereaMoiea and boilsl ritea 
of the bcothechood his body was MWrigaod to tt» 


WaaaiAS, It hao plsaaed the DMao Baler oftho 
universe to take fkvm oar aildot oar issithy Bso, 

WiU]amH.Toang, belt 
Aessfved, That we patofnlly ffssWii the looo wa 

have eaatalned In the death of oar worthy brolhor, 
though removed ftom our fellowship aad ooaaoA* 
he is still oberlshed in our meouMries. 

ilessfesd. That departure to aaotheraed botlsr 
world Is but the ride of him who holda the rsiaa 
of mans destlnlea, be ja also ready, yat we tract 
in the meroy of God to deal with mm and as oe- 
oording to hla meroy. 

Be$oived» That the members of Division 40 her^ 
bv offer their sincere and heartfelt sympathy to 
the bereaved widow and children, trusting that 
they may find consolation in the eherl»hed mem^ 
ory of the deptrted, and in the word of thai great 
being who has promised to foster and protect the 
widow and the mtherlees. 

BemOued, That we return our heartfelt thanks to 
Superlntondrac Baker, aad also B. M. Orsver of the 
B. Jt 8. B. B., for the free pam to Bellatoa aod 

Digitized by 



ixKxncQxivi nranmas' 

Beaolwd, Th%t as % token of respect to the 
memory of onr deceased brother, we dmiM our 
haU and ohartor for the apace of thirty daye, and 
that a copy of the abore reaolntlons with seal of 
dlTlaion attached, be tendered to the tMoily of de- 
•eaaed brother, also a copy sent to Xngineer'a 
Journal, and to the office of Moznlng Bxpreaa and 

J. W. Bblltcosb,) 

K. OeTBAMDSB, > Oommlttee. 

P. 8haz,eb. ) 

Albavt, AprU 7, 187L 

hX a regular moetinR of Dirialon No. 40, Broth- 
49tiiood of Looomotire Engineers, the following 
pceamhle and leaolntlons were adopted : 

WentSAS, It has pleased the dlTlne mler ef the 
nnlverse to take from ear midst after a lingering 
Illness of two years* with polmonary oonsompUon, 
our worthy and esteemed brother, Jeremiah &ane, 
therefore, be it 

BMSlved, That we bow In hamble submission to 
ttiat Alkwlse being, aoknowledgmg that onto Bim 
we are Indebted for vfvj good and perfect gift, 
and that we realise and sincerely belieTe that our 
loea is his eternal gain. 

Jfiisilserf, That we sincerely regret onr loss of a 
fHandaad » brother and will orer cherish and re- 
spect his memory. 

Jbie^Md. Tittt to the ralatiTes of the deceased 
and to the bereaTed widow we tender onr heartfelt 
■ympntty in tiieir hoors of sorrow, and for conso- 
lation oommend them to Him who is the giTer of 
an tlKlBgs^ and may the loTed ones meet in thftt 
bomdlew cealm when loved ones know no part- 

jfiisieidr. That asa token of respect to the mem- 
ory of oar deceased brother, we dnpe onr hall and 
ohi^rter for the space of thirty days, and that aoopy 
of the above Nsotatiena with seal of division at- 
tMbed. be tendered the flunlly of deceased brother, 
also a copy sent to Xngineer's Jonmal, and the 
dii]y«ttpMi» and Aiyna. 

J. W. BsujoioBn, ) 

K. Om^vDBn, V Oommlttee. 


BooBsszM, Vareh M, 1S7L 
BOD at.Bdcheater* K. Y., February 18th. 1871, 
J«m OBsicnnns, a looomotiTe Arenian of the 
WeaMn Diviston, M. T. a Jt H. B. R., age 23 
years, 9 months, 10 days. Mr. Chambers was a 
yonngxnan of pnra principles and starling integ- 
rity, with temperate and mdastrioas habite. He 
leaves a yonng wlfii to monm hit Ions. Bis loss 
ii also keenly fait by his many fHenda and ac- 

We offer our tribute of respect to his memory, 
and tender to his wilb oar heartteU sympathy in 
her deep aflUotion. 

The western dlvlaien of the K. Y. O. B. B. upon 
which he wss employed has lost a valuable man, 
and has shown Ito appredatton of him by a display 
ml moaming upon aU the locomotives on the 
Baflilo road. C. H. W. 


BBOOXViBLn, Mo., March M, 1871. 

At a regular meeting of Dlv. 17 B. of R. B. C, 
held in their hall March 4, 1871, at Breoklleld, the 
following preamble and resolutlens were adopted: 

WKKaoAS, It is with feelingi of heartfelt sorrow 
and regret that we are called upon to annoonoe 
the melanchoUy and unlimely death of brother 
Sfu, H. MuBcn, who was killed while in the dis- 

charge ef his duties in Brookfleld yard, by being 
run over by the switeh engine. 

Whkbsas, It has pleased almighty God to re- 
move from our midst our late brother, and while 
we bow in anbmission to Divine Will, we deplorv 
the loss of a worthy brother, therefore be it: 

Retolved, That by the untimely death of Bro. 
Muroh, his widow loses a beloved husband, his 
children an aiTectionato flUher, and Dlv. 17 a be- 
loved member. 

Setolved, That the members of this Div. hereby 
offer their sincere and heartfelt sympathies to the 
bereaved widow and children, trusting that they 
may And consolation in the cherished memory of 
the departed, and in the word of that great being 
who has promised to watch over and protect the 
widow and the fatherless. 

Buolved, That the haU and charter of this Div. 
be draped in mourning for the space of thirty 
days in token of respMt to the memory of tbo 

Beiolvedt That a copy of these resolutlonB wllk 
the seal of the Div. attached, be tendered to the 
widow of the deceased, and that a copy bf sent !• 
the Kng. Jour, for pabucation. 

K. H. McKk^, ) 

Obobob MuKBOi, 2 Committee. 

H. W. QlLBBBT. 1 

Loeomotire En^tneer'g Kstnal Uii 
Insnranoe AmooUtloii. 


POBT Jbbvib, M. T.. March 24, 1871. 

No. of members, January 1, 1870 2 4M» 

Bo. admittea daringycar 781 




. 26 
. 10 


Cash Bahmoe, January 1, 1870 $422 0» 

Admission Fees 1,614 09 

Back Assessments « 238 M 

Assessment No. 66 . . $1,388 00 1 

Leas Cost of Oolleotlon 41 60 1 1.351 8» 


$3,025 90 

President's Services $100 00 

Secretary's Servloes 700 00 

Printing 615 M 

Poatige 212 00 

BxpressBills 72 70 

BhtnkBooks 38 00 

Revenue Stamps 22 00 

SUtionary 42 50 

IncidOBtals. 71 00 $1,873 70 

Credit Bahmoe, Jan. 1,1871 $l,75r80 


January 29, 1870.*^ohn McAbee, of Baltlmorv 

Division, No. 62, died of conaumption. 

Paid Mrs. Nancy MoAbee •2.503 00 

Februanr 9, 1S70.— Frank Hugzow, of BuJiato 

Division, No. 15, killed by being caught between 


Paid Mrs. Julia Hugrow-. $2,516 OO 

March 2, 1870.— Daniel Campbell, of Michigan 

Aty Division. No. 8, died of consomptton. 

Paid Mrs. Martha O. CampbeU $3,590 OO 

March 11, 1870.— Cyrus Witherby, of Springfield 

Diviston, No. 63, died of bilttoas fever. 

Digitized by 




PUd Mrs. Mary E. Witherby _$a,600 00 

DiTiflioii, So. h6, died of oonBumpiion. 
Pdd Mn. Peter Murtaugh........^ t2.600 00 

•lon. No. 7, died of heart dlaeaae. 

T^.^"!* JoiepWne F. Coraer. *2.«15 00 

AprtI 21. 1870 —Win. Darker, of Port Wayne 

^SS?i ^°;,"' JUledby explorion of 5ller. 
. 5.¥."* Martha B. Darker ........19.630 00 

^▼?******» No. 50, died of oooaumptlon. 

?^, ?1*^* »"^ -^^n* Blaaell... 13.680 00 

Apig 28, 1870.-Janio«P. Ryan, of Camden DiTl- 
■ion. No. 22. kiUed by oouiaton . ^•™***" *'*^* 

Mtf Mrr. Matilda Ryan. ....M.632 00 

«J?T *• 1870.-wailam H. CarroU, of Kingston 
DiTiaion. No. 58. killed by coUiaion. 

Piid Mre. Carrie Carroli ....Sa.631 00 

lUye. I870.-Kobf»rt MahMJ. of Weet Chioago 
DiTtolon, No. 96, died of ConanlnpUon. ^'^'^'' 

IWd Mrs. R. 8. Manon ....12.627 00 

^^•^®' J«"2:-J-«?- Patterson, of Amboy Divl- 
tion. No. 72. dlaabihty, disabled by loas of leg and 
••her injnTiea. 

Paid!, a Patterson. ...^........^..^.....^.ai 814 oo 

niSSt^ 'il^^tif!?"? * Dodaon. of Terre Haute 
DMaion. No. 2ft» died cf ooaanaiptioD. 

Paid Mrs. Angelina I>odiM>n *a,oso 00 

^i^* ^- ^*J>-:St i'^i^ Of Port JeViia Di- 
•ara and freight house. 

Paid Mrs. H. L. Smith _ •X66l 00 

■ton. No. 46, died of congestion of the brain. 
Paid Mra. Catherine Hanley •2.6«a 00 

-i?^"\*^?:TM*^ ^^'•*o°» of Norwii Dlvl- 
siom. No. 5, died of chronic diarrhea. 

PaidMn. Atbwt Cdlsf <ni :..... ....12.706 60 

^ Au«B»t 7, 1870..*ai«rl«a a Darts, of JersS^ 
City Diriaion. No. 63, died of dropsy. ^ 

Paid Mrs. Marto L. Davis. J^f. •2.718 00 

TH^!ST^ ^^ATi- f ™«ki«i,ofSaiaond 
DlTlalon, No. 20, died of cholera. 

MdMi«L Isabel FiUghim ... iX726<K) 

^-^^f*"" '» L®^0— Jwnes N. Small, of ladianaRW 
Ha IMTtskm. No. li, killed by^taM tm^mT^ 
a Btlsptooed switch. ' ^ xmuung oa 

Md Mrs. Battle C. Sm^ ...42,805-60 

Oj^fifjy'iJ'i-Oooftrod Schua^r, ofD^ton 
UN^rfon, No. 28, killed by engfn^fwkBUg W^a« 

Paid Mfs. Ann L. Schiller ....4a,«4'75 

NoTember9, 1870.-H. R Chapman, ofOhics^ 

^S?i ^^'J*^' **^^ by IMlingfrom his IralnT 

Paid Mrs. Esther Chapman and J. B. p. Chap* 

man ^ M,816 00 

NoTember », 1»70.- Henry Httrey." of Albany 
DiTiaiOD, No, 46, died of bronchitis. ^^ 

jUd Mrs. Jsne Ann Harvey $9,816 00 

1 5?IS . 3 1870— Samurt Forr«qr, of Cleve- 
land Divtalon No. 31, died of consumption. 

gild Mrs. Margaret A. Forrey $2,816 00 

Nmrabenr 16, 1870—Thomas Powers, of Colum- 
^^^^S^^'JJ*'- IW, died of consumption. 

Fsid Mrs. Charlotte Powers . 82.816 00 

Nwmber 17 1870-Bornard Smith. ofLondon 
DlvMon, No. 68. died of apoplexy. 

^ Mrs. Ellen Smith ^ $2,818 00 

December 15, 1870-A. F.^anktaiTf Martins, 
burgh Division, So. 88. killed by explosion of 

Paid Mrs. Mai7 8. Rankin.....^ $2.8T2 00 

December 30, 1870— Martin K. MeUinger, of Col- 
umbia Division, No. 104, killed by being struck by 
a passing engine. ' 

PWd Mrs. Rebecca G. MeUinger .....$2,890 00 

$71,463 00 

August 30, 1870— This Assessment (66) waa collect- 
ed for thebeneAt of Edwin Rice, of St. Charfcs Di> 
t1b1<»i. No. 86, who was reported disabled by tha 
Secretary of that Division, but on Investigatlsii ol 
the case at the Annual Convention, held in Nash- 
ville. Oct. 29, 1870, the daim was repudiated and. 
the amount oollected retained ft>r Qsnenl Xxpen>- 
diturea of the Association. 

AassssKxma oollxctu^ axd clahis £AID. 

No, of 



62 ;;;;; 

Amount Cott qf 
CoUected. CoUeetum, 

..$2,662 00 $59 00... 

.. 2,576 00...... 61 00... 

.. 2,648 00 58 00. 

.. 2,658 00 58 80.... 

.. 2,668 00 58 OOi... 

oo 2,672 00 57 00 . 

ft* 2,688 UO 58 00 

M 2,688 (»0 58 00... 

M 2,690 00 58 00...I 

W 2,691 00...... 60 00...., 

W ^. 2,6«7 00....;. 60 OU.. 

59 ... 1,346 00 81 00.." 

60 2,708 00 68 00 

«l 2,7l0 00 58 00."" 

<2 2,721 00 59 09 

M......... 2,766 00 59 5oll!!! 

6* 2,778 00 60 00 

W 2,787 00 60 76, 

«7 2.868 00 62 6U ."" 

6* « « 2,878 00 63 26 "* 

S 2,878 00...... 62 00."'." 

. 2,878 00 62 00. 

. 2,878 to 62 00. " 

. 2,878 00 6^ 00.."" 

. 2,878 00 62 00 . . 

. 2,986 00 64 00 

. 2,964 00 64 00 





Am't P*<t 
on CToiiiM. 
..$2,503 M^ 
.. 2,816 00 
.. 2;S90 00 
.. 2»CQ0 00 
.. 2,609 0» 
.. 2,61100 
.. 2,630 00 
,. 2,638^00. 
.. 2,632 00k 
.. 2.631 OCX' 
. 2,627 00- 
,. 1,314 00' 
. 2,650 CO^ 
. 2.651 00* 
. 2.662 00 
. 2,706 60 
. 2.718 00 
. 2,726 26 
. 2;805 5» 
. 2,814 75. 
. 2.816 0O> 
. 2,816 00 
. 2.816 OO 
, 2,816 00 
. 2,816 00 
. 2.872 00 
. 2,890 00 

«t. , « . ^ Vl^fib9 00 $1,606 00 
Whole NOk of Deaiks during the year. 

Tbtal AaaouniOoUeeted 

Coat of OoUeeMoftdedueced ."7.™* 

$n,4e8 00 


.973,4«9 4Iq 
.. 1,596 011 

Amount i»id on OlalflM^m...^...: ....$71,488 0» 

Avenge Amonn^paldmeaoby not iAetad-* 

ing tha^hair Aaae-aaaeBti No. 68. 2.7$n j^ 

Cost per Member, teeUidtag/ — "^r^' '• *^ ^ 

No. 66:. 



27 ( 

8ee*y and Treaaovari 


Dnr. No.43 

• 4 00 

Div. No.10 

1 00 

;; ;; s — 

43 75 

•• 61 

50 Ol 

*•'" 82:::::.7.7 



- ^::;;:- 

1 80 

;; :; « 



•• 6...::.: 

1 00 

2 50 


vv... ...... 

18 80 

\^ " 6t ».......„ 



" 58 


ti »» ??•••-—• 


" 81 


* 4/.....,... 
- '• " 103. 


" 13 

'• 31 

• ;• V 1U6......... 

14 40 


" 101 : 




" 16 

4 TO 

*• •* 81......... 

• * t» loo 

20 10 
1 80 

32 25 


35 80 
1 12 

19 45 
1 00 • 

" '* 90. 



" 126 

8 50 

;; t; ^ — 


" 41........ 

5 15 

*• •• 59 . 

•• ••126 


" 75 ^ 

" 50...,..-. 

45 00 

Digitized by 




' 47.., 

' 5.., 


' 50... 

• Jl.. 
' 16.., 
' 9... 
' 19., 
» W... 
' 84... 
' 61... 
' 86... 

' 47... 
' 68... 

' 9... 
' 39... 

• 119... 

' 116... 
' 60... 
' 43.., 
' 31.. 

• 61... 
' 1«... 
' 47... 
' 70... 



' 109... 



, 10 00 



, 1 00 

, 10 76 


10 00 

2 70 

1 80 


, 2500 



105 00 

10 00 




22 25 

1 00 


, 300 

, 360 


18 00 









*• 72... 

" 9J... 

•• 98... 

■•: fo:: 

" 80... 

" 62.., 
•* 116... 

" 85.. 

'* 11... 

•• 38... 

" 25.. 

'• 12.. 

" 95.. 

•' 87... 

• 15.. 

• 28... 
' 31... 
' 10... 

• 81.. 
' 98., 
' 52... 
' 63... 

• 47.., 
' 113.. 


• 124.., 
' 107... 
' 108... 
' 81... 
' 9... 
' 22... 

' Votiil receipts for Maroli. 1871... 
"Ctalk on hftad Feb. 28. 71 

.... 100 

.... 2 00 

.... 10 00 

.... 4 95 

.... 1 00 

.... 35 00 

.... 6 00 

-.. 2 00 

.... 99 25 

.... 2 00 

.... 5 40 

... 5 00 

».. 5 00 

.... 180 

.... 2 00 

.«. 1 30 

... 100 

... loot 

.... 1 80 
.... 1 00 
.... 10 30 
.... 8 50 
..^52 50 
.... 8 00 
.... 2 75 
^ 100 
... 4 30 
... 6 00 
... 6 30 

$ 100 



..4i 1.361 72 
... 10.610 85 


..111.972 57 


fYiotnre Frames. $1 36; 1 Broom. $0 25; Paid Bal- 
mnoe due W. lb O. Fand on settlement Sept 80, 
V87l,4l66 00; Postage, stamps and wrappers. $6 04; 
«ettiiig fflass. $0 35; 3 boxes. fO 60; Express 
charges. $1 75; Gas bill for Feb. 1871. $1 93; Soan 
•ad- cleaning room, $1 72: NevlnsBros. onaoootinf; 
•$136 55; postage stamps, $1 59; Expense for Pho- 
tograpkd. $47 00; Nevias Bros, onaooount, $49 00; 
•19. 8. lirewer It Co.. $8 GO; offloe rent for Maroh, 
tZ87L, $16 67; Neyins Bros, to balance soooont. 
Maroh, 1871. $388 15; Assistance mailing JouawAi^ 
'^5 60; Halary of G. G. B. for ICarch. 1871. $150 00; 
•Dalarj of F. G. A. E. for March. 1871. $125 00. 

Total Expenses for March, 1871. $1,113 75. 

Total cash on hand Maroh 31st, 1871, $10,858 83. 

Ths following additional sums baTe been ra* 
oeived for special purpose sinoe last report: 

Division No. 24 $13 00 

DiTislon No. 69 4 M 

Total 16 M 

For fbotlng in this fdnd in Feb. Jouxjcal read 
$49 00 mstead of $79 00, as printed. 

09LT thirty-two DiTlslons hare responded to the 
recommendation of the G. I. D., and sent their 
donation. They are as follows : IHTisions No. 10, 
18, 17. 30. 34, 29. 81, 34, 47, 50, 55. 61. 66. 07, 68, 78. 
71, 75. 77, 82, 84. 86, 88, 89, 90, 96, 97, 98. 102, 117, 


Into Division No. 47— J. K. Sawyer. 
Into Divialon No. 105— J. A. Burdiok. 
Into Division No. 89— A. J. Barns. 
Into Division No. 6— James PiUmer. 
Into Division Fo. 61— S. L. Beverly and X. H. 


Into Divlaton Ko. S8'J. & GIbaon, from No. 18. 

Into Division No. llO-Jaa Walsh, trom No, 1Q8. 

Into Divleion No. 61— Frank Madox,fkt>m No. 51. 

Into Division No. 70- Wm. Allrn. Arom No. 8t. 

Into Division No. 96— For F. Flynn in ApriL Ko. 
read; John Flynn. 

Into Divlaton No. 86 -J. Beeae, ttom Ne. ST, and 
L McElory, trom No. 19. 

wrrflDBAirAL cards. 

From Division Xo. 35— Frank Wilson, tojote 
Ho. 89. 

From Division No. 51— Geo. N, Whaelar, to join 

From Division No. 32— Wm. KnifBn, to loim. 
No. 109. 

From Division Ho. 106-M. Aldrlch, to jote 
No. 69, 

From Division Ho. $—0. Beynolds, to join 
Ho. 35. 

Tnm Division No. 96— John E. Xlng^vxy, to 
join No. 10, and John Callahan, to Join No. 3$. 

From Division No. 84— B. J. Gragg, to ocganloa 
new Division at Sandnsky. 

From Division No. 48-M. T. Hal), to Join No. 18. 

From Division Ho. 61— & L. Beverly, to Join 
No. 64. 

Tnm Division Ho. 62— Allsn Ooahlng, te Join 
Bo. 110. 

From Division No. 90— G. W. Bonnet and Bobert 
(tail, to Join No. 38. 

Trom Diviaion No. 93-J. E. Baoon. to Joim Xo. 
61. and Wm. Mann, to Join No. 11. 

From Diviaion No. 70-J. H. Baily, to reweiiias 
No. 9. 

From Division No. 67— D. 0. Chapman, to join 
Ho. 47. 

From Diviaion No. 103— John Carson, to join 

From Division No. 77— G. H. Hiteheock, to join 


From Division No. 16— J. W Sargent, for drank- 
enness and general bad oondnot. 
From Diviaion No. 47— A. Wallace, fbr drvnken« 

Digitized by 




Xraia. In Ho. 9»— For ▲. J. DftTia, In Maroh wojob^ 
b«r. rend A. J. PmtIii. 
Vrom DiYiaioii No. Sl—Wm. H. Ward, for dnmk- 

From DlTtoion No. M— laaac Worto, for non- 
f^jmont of da«i. 

From Dlrlakm No. 65— John MoCftbe, for beiof 
drank while on dntj. 

From DiTtaion Mo. S3— J. H. Dennii, EL Fnlier, 
C. Johnson. J. KlMgye, K. B. Hunt, and D. O. 
ghogart, tor non-payneot of dnts. 

Ftom DiTision No. 43— H. M. Archlbal, for drnnk- 
ffino— . and AnaeU Swift, and C. B. iiow» for non- 
payment of daea 

From DlTlaion No. 47— a F. Tyler. X. H. Bioe, 
and J. O. Spooner. for non-payment of duea. 

From IHTiaton No. 67—0. K. Fraaine, for daily 
■M of Uqaor while on daty, W. Kelaer, for hard 
drinking, neslect of duty and non>paymeni of 

From DiTiakm No. 86— H. Smith and D. M. Tap- 
per, for non-payment of daet. 

Loeomotlre Ea^iiisers' tiul 
Insnra ice Asfioclatlon. 


Port JnTm, April 25tli, 1871. 

To the Secretary and Treaturer of Divifion JVb- 

You are herebpr notified of the death of membeci 
tf this Aaaociation, a« follows: 

Hakch 6. 1871— AsscssmuT No. 77. 
Bro, JArxiB Wihto&akc of Seranton Divldon, 
No.58— Killed by exiiloRion o' a boiler. Insurance 
payable to Mrs. Mary J. Winebrake. 

Mabch 16i 1871— AsssssxBirr No. 78. 
Bn>. Lkwts Bohl, of Rochester Dirision. No. 
18— Died from barstinc a blood vesseL Insurance 
payable to Mrs, Lewis Bohl. 

Apbu. 2, 1871— Assessment No, 79, 
Bro. Jrrrmiah Kane, of Albany Dirision No. 
46— Died ofoonHumptiou. Insoran. e payable to 
Mrs. Margaret Kane. 

April 3, 1871— Assessment No. 80. 

Bro Wh. H Youno. of Albany Division No. 
46— Died of coPKumption. Insurance payable to 
Mrs. Anna B. Yonmr. 

An tLfse»»ment of one dollar in payment of 
each of the above claims is ordered on all who 
were members of the Association at the time 
these deaths occurred. 

Collections mu!>t be made and forwarded to the 
General 8oeretary within thirty days firom Date 
tf this Notice 

a II. SI1ERM.\N. PresU 

FRANK ABBOTT, Sec. and Trea«». 

% m ^ • . 


Bj reqoeat of a lame number of deleiraiea. the 
tt. 0. and P.O. A. B., bad a laree sized photo - 
iraph taken when in Nashville. There was also 
a group of all the Grand Officers taken, with re- 
[gllaon, which makes a fine picture for our halls. 
The 9inffle pictures are on cardF. 8x10 ; the group 
is 16x20. DiTisioos or members will be furnished 
•oi*iee for ^roup. ^.00 ; G . C. or F. G. A. B., 1.00 
«aeh. We will fill all orders seat to tbis oOee. 
Brothers that can order mora oonrenient from 
KaahTlJla. will please address H. C. Sheeta, Box 

SpeoUl NoUoei. 

Wa now hayeaform of notice for nae of DlTiaion»- 
that can be used for notlljrmg membera of apeoMd 
or regular meetings, and also to notify candidatea 
to attend for lultiabou ; also due notloea for nae o^ 

SeTeral Diriaiona haTe not aa yet ordered newv 
Oon. and By-Laws. It is important that all ahonUT- 
be supplied with them, and we hope those whiy 








sure and write names distinct, and liTeHfolU 
directions as to toA^rs and hmo they wish them «^ 

Subecri bars wishing a chance made in thedi* 
rection of the Journal will please state where ir * 
was sent beibre. It is almost impossible to find <• 
the name without much waste of time, when thes^^ 
simply say, send my Journal to such a place, 
and not give the present address. 

All orders t<>r .Joirnalr to be sent by Express • 
should give n^-iUence. or some particular placa 
to hare the packaf^ left, so as not to eanse aa^ 
delay in the delivery, or unneceesary trouble t* 
the express companies. 

We nave plenty of bound Journals, rolomea 
Ist 3d, ana 4th, which we will furnish at one 
dollar for the year 1867. and one dollar and fitt5 
cents each for the years 1869, and 70. 

We now have a blank form of receipt beck le 
be used by F. A. andS. A. £'s. Any Div. wishing 
such book can be fumlDbed from this office. 

We will undertake to famish good reliable lo- 
comotive engineers to any and all parties requir- 
ieg the services nf good men upon sending their 
orders to this office. 

Great oomnlaint is made that it is impossibia 
to obtain replies to correspondents between some 
of the Sub-Dlvi »\oi\f. We hope some brother wi It 
be selected In each Division, whofc special duty 
it shall bo to answer all correspondence prompt- 
ly. And it is very important that each Division 
snonid have a particular Post Office address that 
can be reached at any time, without a po»ibibty 
of failure. The Division address should in alii 
cases appear iu the meeting notices, in the Jow 

It is much the sa est, and cheapest way to teadb 
money by PtMt OffUt ordm or drafts. In most 
places a draft can be obtained of the banks Jrr»\ 
and no charges are made here for payment 

Brothers calling will find our office readily by 
following the walk in rear of depot, up Hank St.. 
opposite rear of (f<w^«f/ Home, then tnni to the • 
left on to Frankfort St. when the signs efMasark.i 
Nevins' Printing House will be visible. 

Address aU correspondence; 

Wilson A Fkllowk 
76 Frankfort St. 
Cleveland, Ohie> . 

Digitized by 




Condncton Brotherhood, 

Baiiroad Condueton thronfhoatthe Continent, 
"Who are dMirow of formint Sab-DiTiuona of tho 
danduoton Brotherhood, to act in oonontwith 
^oee already oxfanisedi are inrtted to oommimi- 

C. & MOORK, G. 0. Om Martinahmv, W. Van 
4t^tSSPR PAOKARD. G. R. a* Amboy, Dl. 
-■■■ . .. « ■■. . , , -_^ 

AMBOY DIV. NO. l.-Meete Ist Sunday and 
■M IX&eeday after 8d Sunday in each month. 

J. Porioton, C. C. Amboy, m. 
G. F. Morgan. R. i ** " 

Tneaday nisht in their HaiU over the Machine 
Shops. Jho. W. TBOMFaoN. a C. 

Jmo. W. Kbkpi. R. & 

^DIV, NO. n. BROOEFIBLD, MO~Meeto in 
^Odd Peliowt' HaU eyerySanday at So'olookP. M. 
X*. A. Howard, 0. C. 
John WatBon, R. S. 


From Division No. 17~\f m. L. Hanoe and N. 
IMaynard, for dronkennesi. 

(By order of Joeeph Paokard, G. R. B.) 

-Brotherhood of Ballroad Employee 

DiTiaien No. U maeti OTery alternate Saturday 
iiiaht«a4 Siwday, in the Rail of DiFiaion Mo. 
ImTB. of L. RTNo, 137 Looiut etraet, Cokimbia, 

John Iko&lv, Saperintendent 

Ceab, R. Bmhit, Seeretaxy. 

ExpresemeD^ Kvtval Life iBeariiiee 

W. W. Gould Seeretary DiTision No. la Ameri- 
ean-Merahanti Union JSxpren Co.'a Ofllea, 101 
Bank atreet. Clereland, Ohio. 


Consulting and Constructing 
Civil Engineer. 

Bepedal and praetieal attention riven to the 
eooaomieal application of fnel for the LOOO- 
MOTIVE. the Stationary, and the Marine En- 
gine. eto., etc. 

Addfeas eare of Boston and Lowell and Naah* 
na Railroad, Boston, Mass, 


IMk Bfnders and Bleak Book Menn- 

74 to 60, FiAKKiosT St., Gutilahd, Ohio. 

Are prepared and have erery fkoility for doinc 
all kmoii of work in their Une^ in the best man- 
ner, and res|ieotfti]]y ann^unee to the Brother- 
hood of Ennneersaodothen, that they wiU be 
pleased to bind the Bncineert' JoomaL Godey. 
Peterson, Harper, Atlantic, Ae., for indiridvaM 
or elubs. at the fbUowing low rates : 

In Leather In Leather 
and Cloth, and Faper. 
For single Volnme, lUOO 90e 

For Ten, to one address, 96 65 

For Twenty. ** - 90 80 

For Thirty. •« . • 8% 75 

Orer Thirty, " - 80 76 

Expenses of transportation, both ways, at ex- 
pense of eonsUnor. Send books to WiLsotf A 
FuLOWB, 76, Fiankfort St., derelaad. Ohio. 


THE BilLBOAD GAZETTE, published in Chioago. by A. N« EsiiEioao lea 
Weekly Illasfcratod Journal of 24 {kages, as large aa thoae otihery !$aiurday. 

It ooBtaine a oomplete reoord of railroad news :— >the psogreas of new roads, 
"elections and appointments of officers,, contracts let and to be let, sammariee of 
aannal reports; iilostrateddeeeriptions o' raihioad impiroTements^ articles both 
original and selected on railroad operation and civil and mechanical engineer* 
lag, anddisdusions of the relations of milroad oompanies to the comuMiiii^. 

This jonmal is prepared especially for stockholders, directors, and officers of 
nulroaos, and. all railroad employees. Price ^per annum, in advance. 

A. N. KELLOGG, Pubtitlwr, 
110 & 112 Madison St. ChloagCi 

Digitized by 



«VOB - 

«ilw«g j^n^iinmjis jl^ndttcttftisi 


American Watch Go., of Waltham, 


' Aitricai Vatcli Co., Gmciiit St f allliA Im." 

We U6 initraoied to repiesent ihia iratohlas by far the beet fall phle 
waloh ever made in the United EKatee, and eepeoially adapted for BaShnf 

We also desire to add that it is offered at a price which must insim it 
a wide sale. 

Parties desiring sneh a watdh shoold be sore and remember the Isails 

For all other facte address, 

General Agents, 182 Broadway, N. T. 

Digitized by 


232 LoooMOTivi iminuur 

Digitized by 





Digitized by 





IiOcOBiotive Engines and Tenders^ 
Boilers and Tanks, 

Guir Mktal and oommok Ibon GASTZNas, Bbass amb CoMFoainoN CAstmofl. 

Loetffmrthres and Bdiers Repaired. 

19ole ttannfaoiareTB of the «HIKKL£T PATENT BOII^B", for Loeomo- 

iivib knd BlAiioilary Bagiaes. Ail orders will be exeoated with dispatch, 
'A*A«i ATSK, Ff^*(. • F. I- BVIiliABB, TtflMM. • VL. I*. 'HEAem^f 

P O R TB R , B E L L & CO. 




Built 15 any gauge. 
Ada^fted to Light Raiis, Shabp CutiTss and Stbbp Gbadbb, 
If nu^ngin tnineg or t&rongh ianneU, shape Conforms, 
Used by Railroad, Canal and oth^r dontraotors, Coal, Ore and Lumber pvo- 
•dnoers, and at Famaces, Mills and Qdalries. 

"Xr. ST. IT. SPB JL^nrB, «iiperlfeC6iM«iin^r l«t« ttm 1»Y Jta^fh A Finrt«r, ll«Mi 

iJBha«v« of oar W6rl&a, 


Digitized by 







Adapted to ererj Tuiely of Railroad leiTioo, and to the eoonomical use of Wood 
Coke, Bitnminons and Anthracite Coal aa fael. LOCOMOTIVES FOR MINES 
AND NARROW GAUGE RAILWAYS. All work aeooratelv Btted to CaojCea aad 
thorouj^hly interchangeable. Plan, Materials, Workmanship, Finish and Emoieney 
folly fnaranteed. 




D. W. CROSS, Pres't. J. P. HOLT, Supt 

W. a DODGE. Sec'y and Treas. J. E. FRENCH, Gen'l MAn'gr. 



Hcit^B Patent steam 6aag«8, 

For LocftmotiTe and Stadoaary Engines, 



Wtter Gauges and Test Pumps. 
ilHriada vf Qiugn B ep alr e d on -skort «ottee «iid all work Wftmated. 

Works eor. Ghamplain & Sonfh water fits., CLEVELAND. 0. 


Digitized by 



LoooKonvi nrcoNnDBur 

The Brotherhood of Loco^ 
MOTIVE Engineers. 

Looomotire BiiffinMri throughout the Conti- 
noBt, wh*) are deiiroaa of foimins Sub-Divuions 
of the B. of L. B., to act in concert with thoae 
alieadj organised, are invited to oommunieate 
with Cb^blss Wilbok, Q. C E.. 

76 Frankfort St, Clereland, Ohio. 


1 DETKOIT. MICH— Meets ererr Friday ere. 
at 7:80 P. M., cor. Jefferson and Woodward aves. 

H. A. CUXMI908. C. K., 320 Congress Bt, Detroit 
W. H KiWQ. g. A B.. Brighton House, 


T. Faulknkb, C. B.. Box 163, Marshall, Mioh. 
C. Smith. F. A. B., " 123. >* >* 

3 MICHIGAN CITY, IND -Meets every Satur- 
day evO'. cor. of Franklin and Michigan Sts. 

C. A. DABB41IT9, C. B., Box 267, Mioh City, Ind. 
J.H.K kl lt,F.A.B., "196 . 

5 NORWALK, 0— Meets Ist and 3d Saturday 
•ves. in each month, on Main St. opposite St. 
Charles Hotel. 

Ohabubs Stirui, OL B., Norwalk, Ohio. 

F. B. WooPBuyy. F. A. B., Box 1»0, Norwalk. 0. 

6 MONTANA, lA.— Meets every Saturday eve., 
at Bngineers' Hall, Story St 

J. K. Flint, C. B., Box 80 Montana, la. 

J. H. FiTZQBRALD, F. A. E., *' 196, *• •* 

to whom all oorrespondence must be addrewied. 

7, LAFAYBTTB. IND.-Meets every Tuesday 
eve. I at Reynold's Block, Main f)t 

Wm. Bbaolrt, C B .. Box 1573. Lafayette, Ind . 
A. R. Spauldixg, F. A. B.. " 36, Lafayette, Ind. 


J. P. StiBHAND, C. B., Crestline, 0. 

_C. H. DoRMAN, P. A^.. Drawer 55 . 

10, CHICAGO, ILL.— Meetfl every Saturday at 
7':30P. M., at 980 State St 

.J. L. Waor. C- S.. Weiden Shop, Chicago. TU. 

11, INDIANAPOLIS. IN D.-Meet«* every Sat- 
urday eve., east of Odd Fellows' Uall, No. 62 
Wasbinirtpn St 

J. B. Whitsbtt. C. B . No. 43 Bates stroet 

Z. p. Kbllrb, F. a. B., hi'2 Meek 

C. H. BLLna. Cor. Kee-. 171 Pavidgon " 

12, FORT WAYNE, IN D—Meets every Satur- 
day eve., 3d floor. Baker s block, Clinton street 

J. Dybr, C, B., Fort Wayne, lad. 

WM. B. Stonb, F. a. B., Box 1.0»t, 

C SitYDBRt Cor. Secretary. " 1.295. *' 

13, OO^JCORD, N. H. 

R. T. Kino. 0. B., Box 138. Nashua, N . H. 
J, Cabtkb, F. a. B.. 124 Spring St, Oonoord, ** 

14, CJTICA. N. Y. -Meets every Monday eve., 
ever Na 9, 'Broad street 

A. SneaaiAKBB. a B.^ Manilas, 1«. Y. 

M. J. Carboll, F. a. B,, 66 Main St., Utica. ** 
M.IUOKARD, Cor. Secretary, ** ** 

United States RaUnMid Condnetan' 
Insuranoe CoBtpaaj. 

Gonduotors of Railroads wiAing iaformatioa 
of, or to become members ol the United States 
Railroad Conductors' Life Insuraaoe Compaaj. 
wiU please address B. M. Livinostop. Secreterv^ 
and Treasurer, Columbus. Ohio, giving their poi«t 
office address, who wlU send documents and in- 
structiens. Jamiob .VfABSHALL, Preet. 

B. M. LiviKOSTOir Seo'y A Ttbm, 

Columbus. .. 

15. BUFFALO. N Y.-Meets every Wednead^T 
eve., Daniels block, Mioh. street. 

L. R. SKi!fiiB«, C. B.. Box 2791, BulEdo, N. T. 
A. A. CuiOTBjP. A. E., '• ..^ ^ 

16. GALION. 0.— Meets Irt and 3d Satnnlw 
and 2d and 4th Friday of each month, oor. Maass 
and Adams streets. 

J. C Bull. C. B.. Gallon, Ohiow 

JPD. BKLToy, F. A. B., Box 2^ " *^^ 

17. ALLEGHENY Omr, PA.-Meets Ist 
8d Thursday, and 2d and 4th Wednesday in < 
month, oor. Beaver Ave. and Locust street 

M. V. Mtllkb, C. B., No. 25 Locust St, AUe> 
gheny City. Pa. 
J. KBwmcD Y, F. A. B., Belliire, 0. 

18. ROCHESTER. N. Y.— Meete every Satwday 
eve , cor. of State and Mumford Sts. 

Wm. Dokaldson, C. K. oor Jones and Saratoga 
aves. . Rochester. N. Y. 

J. Babkkb, F. a. E, 63 Frank street Roober- 
ter, N. Y. 

Chas. Thomas. Cor. Secretary, 26 Gorham 8t, 
Rocheftt^r, N. Y. 

L. H. Sahford. Jour'l Ag't 35 Madison stroet. 
Rochester, N. Y. 

19. BLOOMINGTON. ILL.-Meets Ist and 3d 
Saturday eves, of each month, cor. Main an4 
Jefferson Sts. 

P. Kratiho. C. B. Drawer241, Bloomington. IB. 

K Akbrs. F. a, E, 

H. SfHALU Cor. Secretary, " 

Meets every Friday, in Marketbt, at 7:3U P. M. 

John Coopbr. C. E,Iock box 3, Loiransport In^ 

A. E. Thatchbr, F. a. E.. Box 123. ^^ ^^ 
Robbrt JoHZfS, Cor. Seo'y. Box 351. " 

21. MEMPHIS. TENN.-Meets 2d Wednesdlir 
and last Thursday in each month 

B. I). Andrbson, C. B.. Box 68, Memphis, Tenm. 
J. GiBBa. F. A. B.. •* ^* 

22. CAMDEN. N. J. 

N. R. Rbtnolds, C, E.. Box S3, Tamden, N. J. 
J. D. HggTON. F. A. B.. 

2^, SPRINv^FIBLD. ILU-Meets every Fridar 
and Saturday alternately, west ride Public Squam. 
G. R. HouGn, C. K.. Dwr. 3258. Springfield, lit 
P. TBAL. F. A. E.. . •- J» 

24. CENTRALIA. ILL -Meets every Saturday 

even at 7 : 30 P. M., on Lof^ust street. 
J, McFaiu C B.. Bf X 101. Centra lia, IlL 
J. H. Bbvk^-t. F. a. B. and Cor. becretary. 

Box 101, Centralis, 111. 

Digitized by 




K.TBB1UI HAUTB,IKD.— MmIs wnnaAt»- 
■Ate Satwday ere., from Jaaiury 7th 71, at 7 :dO 
P. M., in HmXL oor.i ' • - - 

J. lIcKSBTl 

W.F. " 

r.jteia and 7Ui Sis. 

KwMWEM, a& Jock box 1921 r. HMte, Ind. 
MoBOAH, F. A. K. '* 
SHKBBUErt, vor. See.*' 

26 SELMA. ALA.— Meeti lat and 3d Saturday 
•Tee., of each month, at their Hall, near 2>hOM 
erS^R. AD. ^K. "^ 

& J. Dakimls, C. K, Selma, Ala. 

IC Fftegxrald, F. a. E., " 

27. RACINB, WIS.-Meet8 every week alternate 
Wedneeday Md Tbonday erea. 3d floor, Osbeme 
k Osgood'fl Block, Suuth side Court House ti^uare. 

J»B Pakul C. B., Box 680, Baeine, Wis. 

Q. OixB, F. A. B., 

, 28, DAYTON. O.— Meets erery alternate Satur- 
day mL. oor. of Ludlow and Sixth streets. 

fs.^ Xa«™» C 5- 10 FulKeith St., Dayton, 0. 

W.L.Weiqht,F a. B.. 13 State St 

29. BROOKFIELD. MO.-Meets every Saturday 
eire.. in Odd FeUowi' Hall, Blain St. 

J. C. NioioLs, C. B., Box 224. Brookfleld. Mo. 
WM.H.L«inB.F.A.B., 480, »* ""^ .> * 

30. PHILLIPSBURO. N. J. -Meets 1st Friday, 
and 3d Saturday of each month, at B. D. RTr. 
depot, foorth atory. 

A. ~F. Sbkdo, C. B., Box 22S. PhilUisbuiv. N^, 

J. Vakdrobift, F. a. B,, " " •• 

to whom all oommunioatioas must be addressed. 

31. CLEVBLAND, 0.— Meets Ist Saturday and 
3d Friday ma, of each month, cor. Ontario ttt 
mad Publie Square, 

W. H. aoM.a JC A. k a. W. R. R ,GleTeIand,0. 

W. L Nkdhav, F. a. B., 81 fliiJu St. West 
Bide, Clerelaad, 0^ 

_R. a. BALDwnr, Cor. Secretary, C. ik P. E. E. 
fihopa, Glevaland, 0. 

32. AnBO&A«ILL.-Mee<ilfltandSdBaterdayi 
aad 2d and 4th Sundays of each month. 

E. K. Ibbbll, C. E, Box 56^ Aurora, lU. 
EH.KDcmra.F.A.R, ** ** 

33. NASHVILLB, TBN9.— Meets every Satui^ 
day ereu, cor. Caiuroh aod Cherry streets. 

Alex. MoD. Toum, C. E 
Addraas aU basinees communications to H. 0. 
ten. F. ^E. and Cor. Sec'y., Look Box M, 

Metta.emy Saturday era, at 7H o'clock, in 
Miner's Block. 

W. H^ioLKB, C.E.,Lock Box 1115 Columbu8,0. 

q ATfriOQiifB, F. A . E., " •• ^ 

Meeli the Ut Monday, and 2d and 3d Thursday, 
ud 4th Friday in each month, at 1 P. M., cor. 
tth and Madison Sts, 

■Umbii MiBAy. C E. Corinaton, Ey. 

Feaxk ALLnfOHAM, F. A. E. *^ 

38, ZANESyiLLE.0.— Meets every Monday 
er«. in Druid's Hall, Main street 
V. B. SmPLBT, C. E, box 92, ZanesviUe, Ohio. 
K.A.MOLLOBT, F. A.B., '* 

37. MATTOON. ILL-Meets every Saturday 
eve., in Hinckle's Block. West Broadway. 

J. D. BBHinrr, C. B.rBox 414. Mattoon, lU. 


38. MARTINSBURG, W. VA.-Mee<i 
Wednesday eve., in Beaman's Hall, Queen I 

H. W. LLBTT. C. K. Martinsburg. W. \a. 

H. RwDLB F. A, A, 

39. SEYMOUR. IND .-Meets 1st and 3d Fndar 
and 2d and 4th baturday evea, of each month. 

L N. AroAB. C. K. Box 261. Seymour, Ind. 
F. flBAT01l7F. aTE, 

40. PORTLAND, BiE-Meets every other 
Wednejday eve, commencing Feb. 1st. 1871, at 
7:81 P. M., cor. Congrees and Temple streets, 
^a J. Stmowdb, C. E, Portland Co.'s Works* 
Portland, Me. 

, Address all oommunicatioas te H. E Wixo, F. 
A. E, No. 56 Clark St. PortUnd. Me. 

41. BLMIRA, N. ¥.— Meets Ist and 3d Sunday 
of each month, oor. Lake and Carroll Sts. 

Wm. O'Nbilu C. E. Box 343, Blminw N. Y. 
T. RBABDAy, F» A. E, Drawer 126, '• •• 

42. CARONDBLBT, MC-MeeU every Sunday 
at 1 P. M., oor. Main and Nebraska streets. 

Tbomab Shba, C. E. Gbkrondelet, Mo. 
BbbhabpSmtth, F. a. E, ** ** 

48, MBADVILLE PA.~Meets altemata Mob- 
day and Tuesday eves. 
P. M. gOAVLON. G. E. Box 1231, Meadville. Pa. 
H. J. IteoiTH, P. A. B., 82, 
H. D. Bbowm, Cor. Sec 9ft, •• •♦ 

44» ALTOONA. PA,— Meets in 2nd story ofMa- 
lonie Hall, m StrUtween 10th andSthArl: 
^BDT C. Gabdhbb. C. E, Altoona. Pa. 
Wm.Stiicbb,F.A7eBox142, *' ** 

!• oor. of Coats st and Pesa- 

.No. 412 Oaven street. West 

A. E.. 3819 Story street. West 

r. Secrstvy. 8304, Elm straet. 

3 ^ W5L?- Y.-Mee«i every Wedneaday 

eve., at fi08, Broadway. ^^ 

P . J. SwA«TB,0. E, 180 CKnton av, AlbanyJT.Y. 


-1 J?' E^JFW^^Y^h^ N. Y.-Meets 2d Tuen- 

day, 8d Thursday k last Saturday in each month* 

cor. Main and riurch sts. ™^"~^ »■<»«• 

C. WrLLOB. 0. E, ^ ^ Homellsville. N. T. 

R. CAMiBoy, F. A. E, Drawer 1, " " 

a B . SroBDiVAiiT. Coa Sec., to whom aU oom- 

munieations must be aclueased. 

y^V*^''^*'*' S' P'^Po* 59, B. St Louis, HL 
E MoDoMALD, F. A.X. '• " *^ 

M. PrrrSBUROH, PA,-Meeta evpy Sunday 
at 2P. M., in Odd FeUows' Hall. PenSBt. FUlh 

J. Blum, C, E. A. V. R. R. Shop, Pittsb't Pa. 
Pi&b^^r^' '• A,"i8..Penn. R. R Sko 



Digitized by 




I AV«., 

5L PHILADELPHIA. PA.-Heetilst and 3d 
Wednesday eves, at American Mechanios' HalU 
on Lombard street, near Thirteenth. 

J. D.^KoGEM, C. K. 1706, Waehington 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

P. A. GiLMORB. F. A. E.. THo, 1438, Jeesamine 
■treet, Philadelphia. Pa. 

^52, BALTIMORE, MD.-Meets erery lei and 
3d Biinday at 2 o'clock P. M. 

Wm. Boilofb. C. K, Galrert StaUon, Baltimore. 

a W. SmPLKT, p. A. E.. Calvert Station. 

53. JERSEY CITY. N. J.-Meets oor. of Wash- 
ington and Meroer sts. , on let Friday of each, 
montii. at 10 A. M.. and 3d Thursday, at 7 P. M. 

G. MooBK. C. B.. Box Zio, Jeieey City. N. J. 

A, Jacobus. F, A. B., " " " 

54,PORT JBRVIS. N. Y. Meets every Wed- 
aesdav eve., oor« of Front and Sussex Ibis. 
J. H. CooKsoK. C. £., Box 5d, Port Jervis, K. T. 
0. W. hmonARD, F. A. E ., Box 127, '* ** 

^S5, GRAFTON. WEST VA.- Meets every Pri- 
day and Saturday eves., alternately, at Jenkins' 
UalL on Front street. 

Wm.^Biatt, a K., Wheelinir. Va. 

F. M, Sntdbb, F. a. B., Grafton, West Va. 

56, KEOKUK. lA.— Meets tiie 2d and 4tfa Satni^ 
day eves, ot each month, in Patterson's Block. 
Johnson street»aottii.a K,Box 616. Keokuk, la. 

Wii.W.MuK.F.A.B., "435. 

* 57, PROVIDENCE, R. L-Meeti ad and 4tii 
Tveeday eves., of each month, on third lloor of 
eS^Weybowet st 
L. J. Pattov, C. E., No. 18 Common street 

B. 0ABKBLL. F. A. S.. No. 89 Sheldon street 

58.8CRANTON. PA.-Me«»t8 Xsi Satrndai 
3d niday-ef aaok aoatii^at No. 105 Ladiawn 

63, SPRINGFIELD. MAS&-Meets altenste 
Friday and Saturday eves., inB. A A. fi.1, 

C.;W7Pool. C. E . 16 Fulton St,6ptinfffi'd,Maa. 

Hkmbt E. DAT, F. A. E.. Box 94, Ward ODeP. 
0., Springfiold. I' 

P« A. (SfRivrvC, &« LookBox 758, Sevan tMi.Pa. 
Wm. a WiLaow, P. A. E., - 687, '* *' 
tawhoBLaU eommBnirationi moat be addnsied 

50. GRBENBUSH. N.Y.-MeeU Isiand 3d Wed^ 
neadaya Af each month, eer. Perry and Broadway 

P. OdTRANDtB, a R, Greenbush, N. T. 
CuAB. Mcuus, F. A. E., ^ ** 

Meeta Iflt Saturday and 3d Friday ef each montiu 
at 7 P. JL at No. 51, Brady St , , „ , 

MoBag UOBBS, 0. &, Davkmpobt. la. R. B. box. 

M.ILBaiib,F.A. B,, ^* '• - 

J. R. WiuuRBOic, Cor. See.. C R, L Jk P. B. R. 

61, BOSTON, MA8S.-Meets 1st and Sd Wed- 
nesday in each month, at No. 3 Tlremont Row, 

G. H. Sakdibson, a E., 150 Albany St, Boaton, 

L O. PcaoBia, F. A. E.. East Gambridce.MaaB., 
to whom all eorreapondenee must be addreased. 

62, GALESBURG. ILL.^-Meeta in Engineers' 
HiUl, Main St, every Saturday, at 7:30 P. M. 

Phillip PoTras, C. B., Box 167. Galeebniv. in.> 
N.W.BmuntBOH F. A. E., Box 85, ** " 
8. A. Rahdall, Oor. See., ** 568, ** ** 

64, WORCBSTEB, MASS.-Meeta Ut Tuesday 
and 3d Wedneaday in each montii, at 7 :30 P. U» 
cor. Main and Mechanic Sts. 

H. W. FxNMKB. C. £.. and Cor. 6eoretaiT> Ko. I 
Reservoir street, Worcester. Mass. 
CG.Davis, F.A.E., *• •' 

65, CHILLICOTHE. 0.— Meets every Satuzday 

P. Ranhino. C. B ., _ ChillicoUie. 0. 

& E. MosHBR. P. A. E., Box 71, 


J . B. JoBNSOff. C. E.. box 152.Portagie City. Wit. 
G. T. Thomi'Son. F. A. £., Box 313, " 

67, DUNKIRK, N. Y.-Meets in the Krie Rail- 
way Building, on Front St., every alternate Sau 
urday eve. 

J . C. Haoobtt. C. E., Box 466. Dunkirk, N. Y . 
JoHMFoflB.F.A. £., ** 34, - - 

68, LONDON, ONT.-Meets every Satnrday eva^ 
at Moral Teinpemnoe Hall, opposite the City HaU. 

Wm. Lovb. C. E^ G. W. RV. London. Oat 
J. Bubt. F. a. E.. Richmond St ** ** 
Jho. Room. Cor. Sec. Wellington 8t^ " 

69, ATLANTA. GA.-Meet8 every fiatankp 
eve.. at7:30 P. M.. in Ga. R B« Dsfiot 

^ Wm. F. Woobb, C. el, Ga. R. R.^epa Atianta, 

' W. G. RioHABoa, F. A. E..M . Je W. R. R.« Atkn- 

Address all eommunieaUonato WUk F. Woooa 

70, TORONTO. ONT.-Meota let aad 8d Skt^ 
nidays of each month, at 8 P. M., al 98Kii« 
street weat. 

JoHH Fibld. C. E., Box 25^'Toi«ile» Ont 
Hugh McLxiticah. F. A. E . ** 

P A.— Meeta avery Sunday at 2 P. M., in Temper- 
ance HaU, 546 East York St 

F. L. Mbrshok. a £., 543 Aromlnaa St, Phila- 
delphia. Pa. 

Dahzbl H. Fowlbb,F. a. E., Now 564 East York 
rtreet Philadelphia. Pa., to whom all correa- 
pondenoe must be addressed. 

72, AM BOY, ILL.— Meets every two weekt* 
Friday and Saturday eve alternately. 

F. Wbboott, C. K, box 109, Amboy, Hlinoia- 
H. H. Broaotb. F. A. E.. " "• 

L R. pArrBRSON, Cor. See, " 

73, MADISON. WIS.-Meets every Saturday 
evening cor: Capitol Park. 

C. T. Smitb. G. E.. Box 80, Biadiaon Wia. 
a MoCoLLUM. P . A. R. Box 602 " '* 
R TooMBfi. oor. See. 827 Claybom £t, Milwmu- 

74, HARRIRBURG. PA.— Meets in Cen««ft 
Bleok, 3d St. alternate Satmday eveai. and Son- 
day afternoons, 

8. HovrMAsrBB, C. E.. Box 160. Htnlibm Fa. 
J. A. Spomblbb, F. a. B., " 

Digitized by 




71W RBAPnfG, PA.-Meeti altemftto Sfttniday 
mm^ and Sondi^ »ftenioon«, Qoiiini«neliis Octo- 
ber 2d, 1870. at729 Penn street 

Wm. lUlRlCAX. C. B , ~ 


W11.R Lairia.0or.8ee. ** ** 


N. a Camlet, a B , Box 21, GaUwina* Pa. 
Lu S. WooDBRiDOB, f . A. B « Boz 63, *' ** 

77. NEW HAVEN. OOKN.-Meets Ist Monday 
•od 3d Tuesday in each month. 

J. J. Orbkm. C. E., 17 Eld Stt New Hayen, Ct 
H. a Kkapp. F. a R. 46 Lyons St., ** 

78. LOgiSVILLH. KY.— Meets erery Wodnes- 
day at 1:30 P. M.. N. K cor. Iltb and Green Sts. 

J. L MooBK. C. K, No. 217 W. Broadway. Louis- 

J. A. Saitfobo. F. a K, No. 241. 12th streetr 
LMusriUa. Ky. 

P. Stsbuso* Con See.^ No. 358, 6th St. Lonis- 

79. MALONB. N. Y.-Meets arery Saturday 

0. W. Bmnanyam, C. B., Malone, N. Y . 

W. H. OaATTF. A. E . box 345, Malone. '* 

to whom all flommunioationa should be addressed 


Jambs Boom. C K, Macon, Ga. 

B. 0. Van VALKBiB0Ba, F. A B., Bfacon, Ga. 

MeeuSd and 4th Sakufday eve. of each month. 

C. RiTBBAKSw a B . box 2313. Kan. City. Mo. 
R. MuvpBT, F. A. B.. Wyandotte, Kan. 
J.a.FDfctMg,Cor.Sec." 68. 

8^ U1JBIC«6VU«LB. 0.— Meeto.ereiy Tues- 
dnrere at Red Men's Hall, on Third 8U«et 
W: A. AmmmOf 0. B.. UhrieksHUfl^ 0. 

C. A. HuiiT. F. A. BTTBox 78. 

84^IUJXi:«AND. VT.--MeetB Jat Friday .are. at 
8R\L,and3dSunda7at2P.M.. ' 

St Friday 

[.. of each 

in BdABeen' flali; Meirohants' Exehanga. 

C. S. Clapp.C. E., Bennington. Vt. 

B. L. grgABNS, F. A a. Box 50. ButUnd Vt> 

as. 8T. ALBANS, VT.-Meets 1st Thnnday. 
and 3d Wedaevday. in Vt. 0. B B, depot, at 7 :30 

D. KIMB4LL. (IB., Drawer 65. St Albans. Vt. 
F.T.HaNBY.F, A.R. ** 

Meela every Thursday eve. at 7 o'clock, P. M., in 
Banneera' Hall. 

a Halidat. C. B. . Box 77, Moberly^ Mo. 

87. TROY. N. Y.-~Meete every Ist and 31 Wed- 
nesday, at 333 Rirer street. 

C. C nAKSWBLL, C. E.. Whitehall, N. Y. 
Joan E. Fabbbll. F. A. £..Troy. N. Y. 

88. GRAND ISLAND, NEB.-Meets airary 
SondaT ere. _ 

W. H. DuNOAir. O. B., Omaha, Neb. 

A F. WiLxnn, F. A. B., lock box 516, " 
B. B.Wood. Cor. See. 

Jifo. Cakdilu C. E.. Box 59, Point fit (Aarlea,, • 
Montreal. P. Q. 
J. Mrlington, F. a. E., St Johns. P. Q. 

„90, POTTSVILLB. PA— Meets in the Tow» 
Hall, on the 1st and 3d Sunday of each month. 

D. A. Lbib, C. B., Box 585. PottSFme, Pa. 
John SxARRrrr, P. A. B, •• " •* 

jS. CoDLiy. Cor. Se cretary. »• 

91, HUNTOVILLB.ALA..-Meetfl:every Wednes- 
day eTi^..at7;30 P.M., in their room, M. A C. 
K a DulidiDg. 

^'Jf'^v^yoRD, C. E., Box 51, HuntsriUa, Ala. 
J. H. Bdcxalbw, F. a. E. 61. " •• 

92, PEORIA, ILL.~Meets 1st and 8d Saturday 
eves., of eaoh luonth. cor. of Adam and Main Sts 

H. B. Sbblbt. C. E.. Box 990, Peoria, lU. 

G. R. Bobbins, F. A. E., Box 1236, ' " " 
B. B. MoClint ock, Cor. Sec.. Box 1378. *• •* 

93, JACKSONrTBNN.-Meets 1st and 3d Sat- 
urdays ol eaoh month, in Sons Tempeianee BalL 

A. CuamNOHAM, C. k. Box 124, Jaokson. XeoB! 
H. K. WrPHiBflPooK, F. A. E., •* •* 

, 94. MTr SAVAGE. MD;^M^ts IstandSdMon- 
days of each month, in Odd Fellows' HalL 
^. Rice. C. B., ^ Jit Savage. Md. 
J. Bbaqaw. F. a. E., ** 

^ 95, CINaNNATI. O.-Meets 1st and 3d Satnv* 
days of each month, cor, 3d and MiUSta. 

B. Walk a E.. 33 Hannibat St.. Cincinnati, 0. . 
J. H. Griffith. F. A B.. 47 Bat^ St, LXmil 

poHa. Ind. 

96. WEST CHICAGO, ILL—Meete ""i^ 
ThuiwUyeveatU9Milw5»lwaT«^ ^^ 

G. G. SwouAiR, a E.. 319North PaaUna^traat** 
CbtcagOkJll* "' 

D, JTMrapHT, F. A. E.. No. 68 North Peatiat 

^97. SOUTH BALTIMORE, BO.-Moets everv 

Srtnrdasr eve., cor. Balttmoie and Green street^ 

Wi^^u>irAT.C..B.. Iftr 138M«eaViSeeU 

J. McKub|it» F. A. B.. 484 W«t Lambavt St ' 

r. »-^-. Q^^ Secretary, 33 SouthBJiiMI- 

^^98, SUNBURY. PA-Meets at 2 P. M.. 1st an4 
8d Sundky ^n each month, in Odd Fellows' H*i| 

E, B. MncRBLi., 0, B„ Sunbury, Pa. ^^ 

£. J. ISRABL, F. A. E.. 

„ 99. WATER VALLEY, MISS. -Meets 1st and 
3d Saturday of each month, at 7 P. M. 
J. B. BBcypoif. 0. B.. Box 96. Water Valley. Mis* 
N. pRBKyBR. F. A. E.. ** *' " *' 

100. WILMINGTON, N. a 

R, Carter, C. E.. ^x ai5. Wilmington, N, C. 

L. B. LYftWH. y. A. E . " " »• 



t, tUUUinUJNU. VA. 

p. Kuinr,C. B.,R. F. A P.ItR,Riehmond,Va, 
O'Bbibi. p. A. B„ R. A P. R, R., •• * "^ 

102,. AUSTlPf. MINN.-MeeU every Saturday 
eve., in Good Templars' Hall. «»*»"«■# 

g. R, Clark, C, &. North MeGragnr, Iowa. 
B. N . Lbwis. F. A. E.. Box 209. Austi n, Minn. 

W. T,-Meets every Saturday eve, '^^^^ 

^'^^27A^* ^ ^« ^^^ *»» 6^ LaraincW.T. 

G. W. M0CAI118H. F. A. B,. BoT 83» RawUitfC 
W. T. 

Digitized by 



DiOooMonvB iBsaanasBar journal. 

lOi, OOLUHBIA, PA.-Meet8 eTory Sfttordpiy 
«Te„ next door abore Columbia Bank, IiOonstWC 
N. OiLiCAN, C. JL. Colombia. Pa, 
R.O.YouKoF.A,B., " " 
A. tJh. QpiLW, Cor. 600. " ** 

105, NBWY0RKCIT7.-M6t<iatl42 & 40th 
ftraet on 1st Wednesday at 10 A. fldU. 2d Wednes- 
day at 1H P. M., 4Ui Monday at 10 A. M.. of each 

N. W. HoLBBOOK, 0. B.^oor. 43d street aad 4tli 
Ayenne, Harlem Engine House. 
j4iiRS B^iiD, F. A. B, Harlem Engine House. 

100. BELLOWS FALLS, VT.-Meets Ist and 3d 
Thursday in each month, oor. Bridge and Canal 
streets, at 8 o'olook P, M. 

A. H. KniosBUBr, C B.. Box 574, Keene, N. H. 

G. S. BLAXa, F . A. B.,Box268, BeUows Falls, Vt 

107, ST. JOSEPH. MO.-Meets in their HaU 
«Tery Saturday eve. 

Datid KniHAif AK, C. B., H. A St Joe B. R. 
shops, Bt Jeseph, Mo. 

Abe PiOKLB. F. A. B. and Cor. Sec Box 828, 
et, Joseph, Mo, 

106, WIKNBM1T0CA, NEV.-Meets 1st Satur- 
day and 3d Friday in each month, in Engineers' 

J. DoBiB, C. Em Box 98. Winnemuoqa, Her. 
L. W. Pabxhubbt, F. a. E., Box 96 '* " 

109. BORDENTOWN. N. J.-Meete in Odd Fel- 
lows' HaU, No. 46. Prin<« St 
T. Bbabt. C. E., Bex 147. Bordentown, N. J. 
Address J. K.RBTHD LDB, F. A^ E^ "_ ]• 

Meets first thrse Satmdaynights in eaon month 
' ~ erHaU 7th street between 

at7*'30 p. m.. in Fiona 
J and K streets. 

H. L. STBPHBireoir, C. E .. and Cor. See. SacOsl . 
A. C. WALTBirarxiL. F. A. E.. LoekBox No. 224, 
Saeramento, CaL 

. 111. PETBR9BURGH. VA. -Meets 1st aad 8d 
ftbtnrday erenings of eaoh month, in Llbraiy 

M. J.^AMS, C. B., 8.S.R.R., Peteisbniv. Va. 

jAfl.SHAIIX S.F.A. E.. 

112, OTTUMWA, IA.~Meets Ist and 8d Satur- 
day ores of eaoh month, in Enginesn' HaU, near 

jTd. Cabtd. C. B., Ottumwa. la. 
9k>. S. Bi^, F. a. B.. Burlington. la. 
Jab. Cabpbwtbb. Cor. See.. Box 44. O ttamwa. 

113. DE^ MOINES. IA.~MeeU e^ery Saturday 
•ve, oor. Looust and 5th streets. East 

G. W. Sladb. C. E., Box 195, Des Moines, Ii. 
G. W. Clabk. F. A. E., " 

114, WATERLOO, lA -Meets in Odd Frilows 
HalU on Saturday and Monday ores, alternately, 
every two weeks. 

C. W. Baldwik, C. R. Box 721. Waterloo. U. 
L. H. Habttbt, F. A. B., Box 286, Dubuque, la. 
to whom all ooirespoadenoe must be addrossed. 

115. KNOXVILLB. TBNN.-Meets in Engi- 
neers' HaU, Market Square, at 7 P. M., every Sat- 

i?B. Pioxm, a B., Box 280. EnoxrUto. Tenn. 
F. LOMO. F. A. B.. 

MICH.~MeeU in Masonio HaU. 2d and 4tk Fkn- 

days of eaoh month. 
H. H. BiBSBLL, C. B.. box 235, Marquetta. Mlob. 
N. B. Chambbblaik. F. A. B., box 228. ** 

117. ERIE. PA.-Meets at 1116 State street ev- 
ery Sunday, at 1 : 80 P. M. 

0. H. Wbbkb. C. &,51 West 11th St, Eris. Pb. 
W. H. Sabduskt, F. a. E., ** 


W. Brownlow. C. E., BrookyiUe, Ont 
J. S. Mathbbs, F. a. E., ** 

119, PrrrSTO^f PA—Meets 1st Tuesday aiMl 
8d Tiinrsday eves in eaoh month, at BngineecB* 

LuTB Wbloh. C. E.. loAk box 859, Pittsfeoa* P&. 
H.H. Browii,F. A. R. *" 

120, MOBILE. ALA.— Meets everr Sunday, in 
Masonio HaU, ^W^hisUer, Ala., Bt7 : SO P. M. 

Jab. Hybdb, C E., Whistisr, Ala. 

A. Rbip, F. a. E.. 

IZl. EFFINGHAM. ILL.— Meets over Gilbert's 
Drug Store, on Jefferson Street the 1st and 3rd 
Sundays of eaoh month. 

Address aU of>mmunioations to 0. T. Mihj», 
C. E., Box 31, Effingham. HL 

0. A. Sabbobb. F. a. E. 

122. WILKES B ARRE. PA.— Meets 1st Sondar 
and 3d Tuesday of eaoh month, in L. and S. da- 

P. H. DonntiB. C. E.. HsBdrieksbaigk, P^ 
M. L. TrrrABY. F. A. E.. Sugar Noteh. Pa. 

123. NEW ORLBANB. LA.-Meete 1st and 3A 
Sunday of eaoh month in Odd Fellows' flalL . 

F. W. FuLMB. 0. K, eor^ ThaUa and Hewaid 

J.*T.'RMrBAg. F. A. E.. 282. Oamope 8U K. O . 

124. BCAUCH CHUNK, PA.-Meets OTeiy Thus 
day ere. in Meohanios' Hall. Base St 

H. Bbblbtobo. a B., Maaeh Chunk. Pa. 

G. WiBTBBBTBnr. F. A. E.. "^ " 

125. CLINTON, IA.-Meets in Odd FeUowB* 
Halt 5th ave. on 2d aad 4th MondayB in mA 

B. B. BoAM, a E.. _ Box 776, OliBtMi, la. 
L. ZiBGBBrvs. F. A. B.. 612 ** 

T. & Pbbbtiob, Oct. See.. '* ** 

126. COMPANY SHOPS. N. O-Meete Isl aad 
8d Saturday of eaoh month, at 3 P« M. 

W. R. Blakb, a B.. Com. Shops, AlamaiteeOew 

^*J?G. Bbowkb. F. a . E. . 

&m, BBARDSTOWN. ILI<.-Meets every Wed- 
nesday BTsning in Masonio Hall, cor. Mam end 
Washington Sta. . at 7 o'clock. 

B. S. NBWBLL, C. E., Beardstowne, ID. 

A. H. ROKAN, F. A. E., Drawer 79. 


Jab. McKat, C B.. Meridian, Miss. 

E. N. Bbll, F. A. E. " 


48. ST. LOUIS, MO. 

Address |Wx. Fagib 686 Summit ATeave, St. 
Louis Mo 

Digitized by 



Y^RD Sd T^NK cranes. 

Having recently made some very important improve ments in onr Yard and 
Tank Cranes, rendering them more simple, compact, and easier operated, we 
respectfully call the attention of Railroad Managers to the same. They can be seen 
in operation on the ^rie Railway, the Delaware, Lackawana & Western, the Lehigh 
Valley, the Dutchess & Colambia and the Morris & Essex R. R's, where they have 
been thoroughly tested and their merits fully established* 

They are not affected by frost, waste no water consequently cost nothing to 
keep the tanks and tracks free from ice. The Yard Cranes are substantial and 
ornamental. Their use dispenses with the necessity of Water Tanks being close to 
the track, thus keepinsr out of range of the Locomotive's sparks, buildings liable to 
talre fire, also dispenses with the necessity of building Water Tanks when in reach 
of Reservoirs or Wat^r Works 

Ab will he Dotioed by engravings, the fireman operates the Crane and supply valve firom his posi- 
tion on the Tender. There is no part of them subjeot to friction, so that there is no reason why they 
should wear out The valve being balanced, it can be worked with ease under any pressure, and is 
not liable to derangement or leakage. They aie believed to be the best arrangement for the porpoee 
as yet devised. They Hre the result of ^e labor and experience of years of one praotioally eniMed in 
this branch of the service, and confidence is entertained that investigation and farther tnal will 
develop more points of excellence than daimed, and their universal adoption become a necessity. 

TetHmonial from the Brotherhood ai Loeomotive'Ikgineeni, Port.^hrvit, New Torlu 

L. T. KETCHUM, Esq.. Diab Sib: At a meeting of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineen. 
Division 54, held at their rooms, Wednesday even log; July 2lBt, 1869, it was unanimously resolved to 
add their testimony in fii,vor of your late improved Tard and Tank Cranes now in sucoeasfhl use on 
the Erie Rulway. It was the unanimous opinion and agreement of all present, that the Cranes are 
fbr superior to anything of the kind heretofore invented or used for the purpoeei Tlybt having tested 
fiv themselves the many advantaaes of these Cranes over all others known to them, they cheerfully 
iscommend their introduction ana use by all Railroad Companies, believing Irom experience, that 
they will do all and even more than you claim for them. _ 

SnAL.] J. W. WEED., C. K, J. H. COOESON, F. A. K, F. ABBOTT, Ex-C K. Division 61 
Jfbr ^WtW i^fi>rmatio4addnm I«. T. KETOHUM 4k OO^ _ 

Digitized by 




Manufacturers of the 


Pressure and Vacuum 









Manufkctory ft Office. Cor. WashiDgton ft Perry S's., 
I: t ^W }p«>pHeto«. BUFFALO, N. Y. 

Head Lights altered to our Improved Coal Oil Bara^ir. RefleCorn Re-Plated. 
GatigeR of all kinds and Locomotive Balances Repaired At 8^nrt Notice. 

Digitized by 


^" /l^k'18^.^^^ 

Digitized by 




IVo. leoo Hamilton Street, 


With Ball and Socket Bearings, and Doable Gone Vise Ck>aplings, admitting 
of the easiest possible adjustment. A complete assortment of PULLEY anS 
WHEEL PATTERNS, from which Castings or Finished Work will be famished. 
Sole manuf actarers and licensers for 





Digitized by 



Vol. 5. 

JUNE, 1871. 

Na 6. 


There have been many theories 
given by scieaiifio men regarding the 
explosion of looomotiye boilers, but I 
widely differ with them in the oansee 
of each explesions. As I am a work- 
ing man and differ so widely from men 
of seienoe, I shall not be surprised 
when they attack me ; I will endeavor 
to meet their arguments. ' 

In my opinion there is butione 
eatue for the explosion of a boiler, and 
that IS bringing water in cootaot with 
iron, or other metal that has been 
brought to a high degree of heat. 
This can be done in nany ways : in 
the flmt place let the water get below 
the crown sheet of a locomotive 
boiler, even for a very short time, then 
put on the pumps, and as soon as the 
water eomes in eontact with the hot 
iiont the heated iron absorbs the oxy- 
gen in the water, and a gas forms in- 
stantly and does its work of destruc- 
tion as quickly as a coal of fire would 
ignite gunpowder. In the second 
pkoe,, let a portion of the water space 
get filled with mt/d and so remain un- 
til it gets so hard that it prevents the 
water from acting on the iron in the 
side of the fire-box ; the iron will 
heat and expand, and let the water 
between the baked mud and hot iron, 
and explosion will be the result. This 
is one reason why locomotive .boilers 
explode while standing at stations. 

An engineer may have the water in 
his boiler slightlv foaming, but not 
noticing it when he stops at a station 
(having tried the guage a moment be- 
fore he stopped he had plenty of water) 
bat as soon as he stops his engine; the 
water in the boiler stops foaming, and 
goes down below the crown sheet, the 

iron gets hot, and when betakes steam 
to start the engine he relieves a por- 
tion of the pressure on the boiler, and 
the water commences to foam ; this 
brings the water in contact with the 
iron that has been brought to a high 
degree of heat, and explosion follows, 
thus it may be plainly seen why 
boilers explode just as they are start- 
ing from stationa 

I am fully convinced from the ex- 
aminations which I have made, that 
the only way a boiler can be exploded 
18 by bringing water* in contact with 
hot iron (or other metal of which the 
boiler may be made). You may burst 
a boiler, that is made of poor material, 
improperly braced, or where the iron 
has become crystalized. If a boiler 
bursts from any of the above causes, 
let the responsibility rest where it be- 
longs—the engineer should not be 

A boiler can be bursted by carrying 
too great a pressure of steam on the 
boiler, but this can be easily detected 
by the amount of damage to the ma- 
chinery and testing the iron ; in this 
case the engineer is responsible, but 
an accident from this cause seldom 

I was once called upon to examine a 
boiler which, I was informed, had ex- 
ploded. I found from its appearance. 
It had burst, or given airay in the 
bottom of the shell, or cylinder part of 
the boiler, and the pressure of steam 
was so low, and the shock so light that 
i®i_^^'^® of the engine was but 
sh^htly sprung, and the underworks 
uninj ured. Does any reasonable man 
call this an explosion. To this day, 
however, the engineer is censured for 
this so called explosion. 

The Brotherhood of Locomotive 

Digitized by 




Engineers has done more to elevate 
the character and standing of engineers 
than any other society that has been 
formed, and I hope they will eontinae 
in their good work, and let its watch- 
word be onward and upward ontil the 
public respects the profession as it 
deserves. Let none of the Brother- 
hood forget its motto. I would sug- 
gest that each division of the brother- 
hood, as soon as a looojiotive boiler 
explodes or bursts in the vicinity of 
their division, to appoint a committee 
to make a careful examination of the 
boiler. They should have the assist- 
ance of the best boiler maker in the 
vicinity, and make a report and have 
it published in your valuable Joubnal. 
If this plan is adopted, the mystery 
regarding the explosion of steam boilers 
wui soon be blown to the wind. 

Let railroad companies employ a 
oomptent man to take charge of their 
boiler department and sui-tain him in 
his judgment regarding the safety of 
their old boilers, and you will seldom 
hear of the explosion of boilers. But 
says some master mechanic, I only em- 
ploy two or three boiler makers and I 
cannot afford to pay the salary that a 
first class workman would require ; I 
would say to all such that if he will 
|$ive this subject a thorough and care- 
ml examination they will be convinced 
that this department of their road re- 
qUilres more skill and experience than 
any department under the supervision 
of the master mechanie. 

I have been a constant reader of 
your valuable Joubnaii for the last 
three years, and I am glad you have 
succeeded so welL By patience and 
determined energy you have raised it 
to a degree of perfection that few could, 
have accomplished, and it is now the 
most useful magazine published in 
this country, not only for a railroad 
man, bat for a family. 

A. Peabsauci. 

Memphis, Tenn. 

The only mention of paper money in 
the Bible, says an exchange, is where it 
says tbat the dove broanht tl^e ** green- 
hack'* to Noah. A mistake — when the 
twelve were sent out they were command- 
ed to take no * 'scrip" with them. 



DhiiiK»iid KeeklAoe* 

BY a H. B. 

LOontiDiied from Mty JoarnsL] 

Although Madame De Lamotte had 
once more succeeded in reaasuring 
the Cardinal, she found it impossible 
to quiet her own apprehensions. Tha 
fact that she had been compelled to 
fortify her pofition by appealing to 
the rectitude of her course, and assu- 
ring the Cardinal in the most solemn 
manner of perfect good faith in all 
she had done, led her, more than any 
thing else to see the precarious foot- 
ing on which she stood. In a few 
days the first instalment of four hun- 
dred thousand livres and the intereat 
would be due, and although hereto- 
fore her ingenuity had enabled her 
to' frame plausible pretexts for non- 
fulfillment of promises, shenowfonnd 
herself at fault She waa well oon- 
vinoed that no excuse she could offer 
would satisfactorily aeoouat for fail- 
ure to pay the money on the day ap- 
pointed, and she manifested her anx- 
iety and alarm. She applied to her 
friends to borrow money. Her jewel- 
box was put in pawn. On the t^renty- 
seventh of July she left her house 
in the morning and did not return to 
dinner, or to supper, or to sleep. Her 
husband was absent at Bar-Sur-Aube. 
She sent for him, and their combined 
wits were put in exercise with the aid 
of notaries, money-brokers and Jews, 
to raise the sum she needed to meet 
the payment And yet so recklesaly 
had they squandered the proceeds o 
their plunder in the space of aix 
months, that with all their combined 
efforts and sacrifice of valuables, they 
were enabled on the thirty-first, the 
day appointed for payment, to real- 
ise barely sixty thousand livres. 

Although the oircumstanoes in 
which she was placed were so discour- 
aging, and though her husband coun- 
seled escape from France with what- 
ever amonnt of money and valuables 
they could command, yet she would 
not entirely despair. She deviled an- 
other course of action, which she be- 

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lieTecl would open away onto/ their 
diflicnlties. She explained to her hus- 
band her design, and although he ar- 
gaed that the safest course was im« 
medate flight, yet he had so mnch 
faith in her acntettess and judgment, 
and her influence over the Cardinal, 
that he yielded to her wishes. 

It was her design now to place the 
Oardinal entirely in her power, and 
to surround him with such circum- 
s^moes of suspicion, as would compel 
him, for his own safety, to extricate 
her from the toils which she had wo- 
ven for herself. On the second of 
August she sent for him and prayed 
for an immediate interview. The Car- 
dinal called on her forthwith. 

'•Cardinal De Bohan," she said, 
•*I have sent for you to invoke your 
aid I I am in deep trouble. Not in 
regard to the money due from her 
majesty ; th«t is all arranged, and 
yon will shortly receive a message 
from her in regard to it. But I am 
persecuted by enemies. I have been 
•0 imprudent as to involve myself in 
debt, and I am threatened with arrest 
by creditors whoee demands I cannot 
at present satisfy. With a little time 
at my disposal I can make arrange- 
ments to fully settle all claims. Mean- 
while I implore you to i^rant me an 
asylum under vour roof." 

The Cardinal did not manifest the 
inrprlse that she had anticipated. 
The fact was he had expected, from 
the extravagant mode of living adopt- 
ed by M. De Lamotte and his wife, 
that they would find themselves em- 
barassed ; bat still no suspicion of in- 
teotional wrong entered his mind ; 
and, though rt^luctant to gr&nt her re- 
quest, he was unwilling to offend a 
lady through whose influence he 
hoped so much from the queen, and 
be consented ; and the next day, in 
company with her husband, she took 
posMssion of two apartments in the 
Oardinal'a house. It waa enough. In 
twenly-four hours they left iti and de- 
parted for Bar- Sur Aube. 

This was an adroit game, and would 
have auceeeded had riot the explosion 
eome in a manner quite different from 
that anticipated by the good lady. On 
leading the Cardinal's house for Bar- 

Sur-Aub, she addressed a note to 
Messrs. Boemer A Bassange, informing 
them that the paper presented to them 
was a forgery, and that they must look 
to the Cardinal, who was well able to 
pay them. She expected that on the 
reception of this note the jewelers 
would at once apply to the Cardinal, 
and so completely had she succeeded 
in surrounding him with every suspi- 
cious circumstance, he must for his 
own safety keep silence and disohaige 
the obligation. But, instead of apply- 
ing to the Cardinal, the jewelers at 
once memorialized the king and his 
ministers. The king sent for the Oar- 
dinal, who promptly obeyed the man- 
date of his majesty, and declared to 
him he had been deceived by Madame 
De Lamotte. Immediately orders 
were issued for the apprehension of 
the lady, and within three days after 
her departure she was arrested and 
thrown into the Bastile. It waa also 
deemed necessary to secure the person 
of the Cardinal, and he was likewise 
retained in custody. Letters patent 
were immediately issued to the F^. 
liament of Paris, instructing it to t>ke 
cognizance of the affair, and to pros- 
ecute the authors and accomplices, 
and all others in anywise concerned in 
or connected with the forgery, to the 
utmost severity of the law. 
^ Soon after commencing the prosecu- 
tion, there was arrested, at Brussels, a 
woman, named Leqnay D'Oliva, who 
was conducted to the Bastile. This 
was the woman who had personated 
the queen in the gardens of Verflailles* 
She made a full and circumstantial 
confession. She claimed to have also 
been imposed upon by Madame De 
Lamotte, and related, with great mi- 
nuteness, the elaborate arts and in- 
trigues by which she had been de- 
ceiTed, and induced ^to take part in a 
scene, of which she knew neither the 
purpose nor the actors, nor the char- 
acter which she was herself to sustain. 
Mademoiselle D'Oliva's statement 
was, in subetance, that she had been 
approached by Madame De Lamotte 
with the same assiduous attention and 
the same complete success that attend- 
ed her intrigues with wiser people 
than this gay Parisian girl, whose po- 

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sition, by her own showing was some- 
what eqaivooal, and who was probably 
at the best not a great deal better than 
she ought to have been. She was 
indnoed by the arts and promises of 
Madame, to take part in the mas- 
querade of the ffardens, and by her 
she was prepared and dressed, and 
had her part set down for her as mi- 
nutely as if it had been a study for 
the stage. A letter was put into her 
hand, which was folded in the usual 
manner, but without direction, A rose 
was also given to her. 

"I shall conduct you, this eyening,'* 
. said her instructor, '*to the park, and 
you ^rUl deliver the letter, with the 
rose, to a nobleman, who will present 
himself to you ; and you will say to 
him merely, *f/ou know what ihU msans,* 
The queen will be present to observe 
what takes place, and she will speak 
to vou, if you perform your part well, 
and you wuL be honored witn her fa- 
vor. Therefore do not fail in what I 
have instructed you.'* 

Between ten and eleven o'clock, 
Madame De Laments conducted Made- 
moiselle to the gardens, and placed 
her in position, where she bade her 
remain, till the grand seignior should 
present himself. She held the rose 
m her hand, but the billet-doux was 
in her pocket. Soon after a gentle- 
man approached and bowed before 
her. She presented the rose, but in 
her confusioa she could not remem- 
ber the words she had been instruct- 
ed to speak, and she forgot to deliver 
the letter. She heard some words 
spoken, though she did not compre- 
hend their import, and the unknown 
Sintleman disappeared with Madame 
e Lamotte. 

The next day Madame sent for Mad- 
emoiselle, and severely upbraided her 
for her failure in playing her part, and 
told her the queen was much dis- 
pleased with her ; and advised her to 
leave Versailles and to observe strict 
flilenoe, as any indiscretion in regard 
to the matter, would call down on her 
bead the wrath of her majesty. She 
paid her one thousand livres for her 
services, instead of fifteen thousand 
which she had promised to her. 
Sudi was the story of one of the 

dupes Madame De Lamotte, how- 
ever, disavowed all knowledge of her. 
"I protest," said she, "that I never 
saw her but once before in my life, and 
that accidentally at the Palaitt RoyaL 
How is it possible I should have form- 
ed a connection with this plebian 
girl ?" 

But further on in the trial, bow- 
ever, she was compelled to confess 
that the scene described by Mademoi- 
selle d' Oliva was true; that she was 
the author of it, and that the object 
was to persuade the Oardinal that he 
had received an intimation of favor 
from th# queen. 

In regard to the forged letters and 
signature of the queen, not one of the 
former could be produced on the triaL 
Madame had read them to such per- 
sons as she desired to mislead in that 
direction, but she had been careful to 
distroy them. Yet she positively de- 
nied having written them, and it was 
evident that, in this regard, at least, 
she spoke the truth. Therefore no 
small effort had been put forth to dis- 
cover the guilty person. For some 
time an adroit detective, employed for 
the purpose, had kept his eye on one 
Beteaux de Yillette, an old gendcfrme, 
who was known to have been intimate 
with Madame de Lomotte. Aiter a 
long and ineffectual pursuit the man 
was arrested at Geneva, and finally 
made a full confession of his guilt. 
The false letters addressed to Madame 
in the name of the queen, and which 
had been used to impose upon the 
Oardinal, he had written with bis own 
hand. With his own hand he had 
written the approval of the queen on 
the margin of the contract with the 
jewelers, and had placed her signature 
at the foot He had, he said, never 
known the Oardinal. He had done 
everything by the orders and under 
the direction of Madame de Lamotte. 
He further stated that in the month of 
Februarv she placed in his hands some 
diamonds, with instructions to sell 
them ; and, at the time, he believed 
them to have come from the necklace. 
Some he sold, and the others he re- 
turned to her. 

The entire evidence of Yillette Mad- 
ame pronounced false, and acoused 

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him of impoetnie and perjuiy, and 
daimed that his testimony oonld be of 
no Talae» on the maxim of the civil 
law — testis unus, testis nuUus, And she 
boldly asserted that the necklace had 
been taken to pieces by the Cardinal 
de Bohan and ^e Ooant de Cagliostro 
of Paris, and^at part of the dia- 
monds had been given to her husband, 
that he might sell them and get them 
mounted in England. 

Oa^iostro was arrested and thrown 
into the Bastile, but the entire falsity 
of his alleged connection with the af- 
fair became so apparent that he was 
soon set at liberty. 

It would seem that at the time that 
M. de Lamotte and his wife left the 
Gardinars house and repaired to Bar- 
Sur-Aube. he entertained grave doubts 
of the afEair being settled as she antic- 
ipated, by the Cardinal assuming the 
obligation to the jewelers, and he was 
apprehensive of axrest, and still coun- 
seled flight to England while it was in 
their power But Madame felt confi- 
dent she had so completely surrounded 
the Cardinal with every suspicious 
circumstance, that he must, to exhon- 
orate himself, satisfactorily arrange 
the matter, and thus free her from dif- 
ficulty. But M. de Lamotte*s doubts 
and apprehensions had led him to so 
prepare the way that, when his wife 
was arrested, he made his escape into 
England, where he withdrew from the 
hands of the jewelers the diamonds he 
had left with them oi; his previous 
visit Full and satisfactoiy evidence 
to implicate him in the crime was ob- 
tained from the individuals with whom 
he had associated in London, and to 
whom he had disposed of the dia- 

The Abbe Marcdermott deposed 
that M. de Lamotte told him. in reply 
to some expressions of astonishment at 
the wealth which he exhibited : 

'^The queen loads my wife with her 
presents; she is very kind to her, and 
often entrusts her with messages and 
diamonds to my lord the Cardinal of 
Bohan. • It is only a short time since 
that her majesty gave her a pair of 
superb ear-rings, those she was wear- 
itn not being to her majesty's taste — 
though they were of diamonds. These 

I would wish to dispose of here, and 
also of a ring of my own, that is val- 
ued at twelve hundred guineas." He 
added that on the ninth of July H. de 
Lamotte had written to him, (and he 
produced the letter,) to beg him forth* 
with to withdraw from the hands of 
Mr. Gray the diamonds that he had 
left with him to l>e set— done or not — 
and to transmit them to him at Bar- 

Mr. Gray, to whom the Abbe had 
referred in his testimony, was placed 
upon the stand, and deposed that M. 
de Lamotte had shown him, at differ- 
ent times, various sets of diamonds, of 
immense value, which he said were a 
legacy from his mother, who had just 
died; that he had offered to purchase 
them at a price exceeding one hun- 
dred thousand pounds sterling. He 
said further that the diamonds were 
dismounted when they were shown to 
him, and so much injured that there 
was reason to believe they had been 
wrenched from their setting by a 
knife, or some similar instrument. 

Mr. M. Jeffery, another jeweler of 
London, testified that M. de Lamotte 
exhibited to him some very large dia- 
monds, and he now bad no doubt they 
formed the festoons of the necklace; 
that his suspicions were aroused, for 
he imagined that so great a value in 
diamonds could not have come hon- 
estly into the posession of any private 
individual. He had taken the precau- 
tion to repair to one of the police 
oflSces, in Bond street, to inquire 
whether any advices had been receiv- 
ed from Paris of any recent theft, or 
swindling. He said M. de Lamotte 
represented to him the stoiy of his 
wife's intimacy with the queen, snd 
also that of the legacy, but that he 
evinced so strong a desire to convert 
the diamonds into cash or into other 
jewels, and that, too, at a great loss, 
that his suspicions were so strangely 
confirmed that he declined to nego- 
tiate with him. 

Such was the testimony that impli- 
cated M. de Lamotte in the affair, and 
left upon every mind the full convic- 
tion of his guilt. 

As further evidence of Madame de 
Lamotte's criminality, proof was given 

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of her ooQtradiotorjr ayowals and dis- 
avowalB, and the uumeroua falsehoods 
in whioh sbe had been exposed. To 
aome of these I shall brieflj advert 

She at first denied the scene in the 
gardens of Yersailles, as testified to by 
the girl D'Oliya, and protested she had 
never had any conneoiion with Made- 
moselle whatever. Afterwards she 
confessed it. 

She had also disavowed all knowl- 
edge that the approvals and signature 
of the queen to the stipulations re- 
specting the necklace were forgeries, 
and the evidence of Betauz de Yillette 
had convicted her of this imposture. 

She at one time alleged that the 
diamonds had been given to her at the 
conclusion of a scene of magic, that 
her husband might take them to Eng- 
land for sale ; and in confirmation of 
this story she produced her niece, 
Mademoiselle de Latour, who, at first, 
affirmed its truth, but afterwards this 
young lady utterly and formally dis- 
avowed it. 

^ She stated that M. Perregaux, who, 
it will be recollected, cashed a large 
draft for her husband, was the banker 
of the Cardinal de Rohan, M. Perre- 
gaux testified that he had never acted 
as banker lor the Oardinal. 

To cap the climax of her various 
statements and declarations, she had 
accused the Count de Cagliostro of 
having taken the necklace to pieces, 
and had afterwards acquitted him 
of all knowledge or participation in 
the affair. 

Having thus related the story of the 
diamond necklace, which, at the time, 
created so profound a sensation in 
Parisian life, it only remains to record 
the decree of the parliament of 
Paris against the individuals arrested 
and accused as concerned in the 

Madame de Lamotte was condemned 
with a rope about her neck, to be 
scourged naked with rods, and to be 
branded with the letter Y upon her 
two shoulders, before the gates of the 

Sublic jail, and to be imprisoned for 
fe. Her absent husband was also 
condemned to be scourged naked with 
rods, to be branded with a hot iron on 
his right shoulder with the letters G. 

A. L., to have his property confiscated 
and to serve in the gaite.vs a slave for 
life. Mademoiselle D*01iva was dis- 
charged from custody. The Oardi- 
nal was aqaittod, but at the moment 
of his beiug set at liberty there was 
served on him a leUer de cachet which 
banished him to Saveme. The Count 
de Cagliestro was also iftquitted ; but 
was ordered to leave Paris within 
twenty- four hours, and France within 
three weeks, and forbidden to return. 
Madame de Lamotte underwent her 
punishment, and was imprisoned ; but 
she finally escaped, through the sgenoy 
of her husband, and fled to Loijdi>n« 
where she rejoined him, and they lived 
in a very secladed and humble msnner 
for several years, when she died, and 
M. de Lamotte soon after left Englandt 
and all trace of him was lost 

Port Jebyis, N. T., I 
April lOtb, 1870. f 

Edxtobs Joubnaii :— If we except 
the relief of $1,500, all else is complex 
and uncertain pertaining to 68's plan 
of insurance. To discriminate between 
families, provident or improvident, in 
the distribution of money, when all the 
husbands of said families contributed 
equally to the common fund, is against 
all laws of equity and common ^ense; 
therefore, you have but one choice, to 
designate a fixed sum to be paid to 
families in need, or else the fund sys* 
tem for future relief is not worth ihe 
ink we use writing about it 

If the fixed sum is made final — S1,000 
more or less, then it only differs from 
our present way by it being in two pay- 
monts, at different times, and the last 
paid out of a fund. 

If the fixed sum is to be paid to Ham- 
ilies in need, so much per week, month 
or year, let us examine how many 
there probably are who will need relieif 
and how much they wUlneed, 

In 5«000 the death rate is 50 annii« 
ally— 25 out of the 50 will need assist- 
ance two years or thereabouts after the 
$1,500 has been paid to them. This is 
a low average. What will they need? 

House rent, $10 per month. .$120 

Fuel 80 

Food and raiment 250 


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$100 is a low estimate in the Uoited 
Stoiefl, bat in Canada where it ooste 
bat ''10 oents per month lor tobacoo/' 
it speaks of low prices or extraordinary 
economy. I shall not be governed by 
OAoada in this estimate, 25x$100» 
$1000, yearly to be paid from this re- 
lief fand to ih9 nisdy. Hence from 
the above we. reduce the following 
statement, giving year, amount of 
faod, amount of relief, and the num- 
ber to be relieved ' 

Y Anoant Amount No. of 

^ ^^' of Kand. of Kalief. Pensioners. 

Irt. I H2,S36. Iat»t7prot.$lO,000 25 

2nd. »').72U. ** '* 20.000 50 

3d. 428.57S. '• •• 811,000 7-5 

4.h. 57(.4S2, " ** 40.000 100 

5tJL 714288. •• " 6",000 125 

6ih. 857.141, ** ** OO.O'iO 159 

7Ul l,00O.tOU. " " 70.000 175 

And SO on increasing $10,000 each 
yearwi'A no limit to U. It will cost 
each of the 5,000 members to raise the 
faadat once $i8, and they will oon- 
tiaue to pay $28 each year so long as 
they are members. Ii this the pUm 
thai 68 said "a heavy burden was im- 
possible?** or the other that says prac- 
tically to the hasband, "Give us your 
money, and if you die, and your family 
become in need, ancf 100 (kink hut, we 
will give theol something " 

A^in, in 14 years tdis fund will 
amonnt to $2,000,000, or say you give 
each family $200 a year, in 14 years 
the fnnd would be $1,000,000. Can we 
find j:ien honest enoagh to manage 
sach an amount satisfactorily ? Would 
there not always be contentions and 
allegations — crimination and recrimi- 
nation over this large amount ? 

Admitting that engineers are as hon- 
est as anybody, there are many of 
them who do not know how often their 
honesty might be attributed to circum- 
stances and want of opportunity to be 
otherwise. '^Laad us not into temp- 
tation** saith the prayer. We want no 
SDch fund. Ayel it is much safer in 
car own packets, and we remain as 
"cor own banker^" as ridiculous as it 
may teem to 68. Every man of com- 
mon sense knows the sense to which in 
a former number it was applied. 

In reply to 68*s idea that "a mother 
will let her ohildren scatter," in the 
etent of her husband's dsftth and she 
marries again, is altogether contrary to 

a mother's nature. Had he attributed 
this scattering to the father, he would 
have come nearer it. 

It is none of our business what a 
wife does with a policy which her has- 
band in common with others, has se- 
cured for her, and somehow I have 
learnt that there is somethiog of * 'di- 
vinity'* in the word wife which is not 
synonymous with "old hen," though I 
have no objection to 68 using langna§[e 
and comparisons best suited te his 
tastes, perhaps some of our lady friends 
may question his propriety of so doing. 
I recommend to 68, however, a further 
cultivation of his '*germs of divinity.'* 

I hardly think that any but 68 could 
torture what I said into the "Brother- 
hood standing stilf 55 years,** and as 
regards the increase of the Brother- 
hood, there is nothing in the history 
of the past that warrants such a rapid 
increase as stated by 68, viz: 55,000 in 
55 years. We want facts and statistics 
when they can be had in proof of a 
statement, not suppositions or irrele- 
vant matter. In something over 40 
years we have grown to 5,500— is it 
probable we will increase ten times in 
55 years ? The increase or decrease 
don't make or impair our insurance. 

I hope this insurance question will 
be put to a vote by its pre^nt mem- 
bers, a majority of all its members, by 
proxy by those who are compelled by 
basiness to be absent There seems to 
be one objection to our present insu- 
rance, that which Div. 35 refers to in 
the April JouBKAn, and it ought to be 
changed. We believe the only practi- 
cal way of making a relief fund is by 
Sub-Divisions, and many have already 
organized for that purpose. 

In conclusion I will say, that 68 in a 
former number of the Joxtbnal said 
that "so far as the bond being merce- 
narv, that it was the natural product 
of the animal portion oi our terrestrial 
existence. ' This is an orthographical 
puzzle. He (68) tells us also that "he 
was educated in a traveling college — 
run a stationary at 12 yean old — that 
he has run and had charge of locomcH 
tives 21 Tears, and will soon be 40 yean 
old." He oertttinly wQl be credited 
with age and experience ; but if ha 
speaks of it to give weight and foroa 

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to his remarks, it reminds me of the 
lawyer who once said to a farmer, 
"Ton need not tell me thus and so, 
fori am 40 jreara old, have read all the 
books touching this question, and I 
am a graduate from two colleges." '*I 
don't care for that," said the farmer, 
"for I once had a calf that sucked two 
cows, and the obflervation I made was, 
the more he sucked the bigger calf he 
grew." B. p. a. 

• ^ m 

Medina, N. T., ) 
. April 17, 1871. J 

Messrs. Wilton & Fellows: — ^Freyious 
to last fall I had nevvr rode on a loco- 
motive engine. The desire to do so 
had always been strong, but I confess 
I lacked courage to ask an engineer 
this psiyilege. 

I wanted to mount the fire breath- 
ing monster an A ride him in his pro- 
digious flight tnrough counties and 
towns. Brass does not enter very 
largely into my make up, but owing 
to a considerable quantity of the arti- 
cle posessed by a quondam friend of 
mine, I was introduced to a few of the 
engineers running on this division, 
and at last obtained a welcome privil- 
ege to ride. Since that time, through 
their courtesy, I have rode with the 
engineers several times, and I heartily 
enjoy it. 

There is something so strangely ex- 
citing about it to me, that I want to 
describe it very much, though to do 
BO eiplicitly is no very easy matter. 
The breath-taking plunge onward, the 
rattle of the wheels, the sound of the 
steam, the roar of the furnace and a 
sense of what might happen should the 
huge monster happen to leave his 
frail looking pathway, ' all contributes 
to lend an excitement at once fearful 
and enchanting. 

It always seems to me, while riding 
on an engine, that the rails are re- 
markably small and close together to 
support such an enormous weight, and 
hold it safely to its place by curve, 
and over rough places, while it thun- 
ders ovepitat such a wonderful speed. 
I sit and look at the rails as they 
stream under me, and expect at the 
next curve to plunge into that great 
bank of earth, or down that deep gully, | 

Ere the thought has time for correct 
or systematic formation, here we are 
again, on a piece of road stretching 
awa^ as far as sight can go, and as 
straight as a bee line. A spot in 
the track, where the ends of the 
rails do not meet very closely, jolts 
me almost off the seat. Startled 
a little at this, I look at the engineer, 
and find him stolid and cool as a rock. 
I keep my eyes on him to note any 
change in his face when the next bad 
joint is struck, and — ^whew I away 
around another curve we sweep, the 
engine tips slightly my way, and be- 
fore I can fairly make up my mind 
whether we are going to capsize or 
not, a sound rivalling all the rattle of 
muskets and booming of a hundred 
cannon in battle, fills my ears, and we 
are meeting a freight train, westward 
bound, on the other track. 

We are a little behind time at Brook- 
port; there la a clear track now to 
Bochester, no stations to stop at, and 
away we go. Says Andrew Erhardt, 
the engineer, '*we are on the home 
stretch, now," apd old 151 i^ems to 
me to be losing her senses. I look 
out at the fences and fields, and gaze 
on a panorama that moves faster than 
any I ever paid a quarter of a dollar to 
witness. ''Aint this dangerous, An- 
drew?" No, we are only going at the 
rate of about fifty miles an hour," 
said he, and so I settled back on the 
seat again, to study my fingers, the 
pile of coal on the tender, the glass 
water gauge and the clock, until the 
fruitless effort of au unlucky hen to 
cross the track ahead of us, whirls her 
into the ditch,, a somewhat jumbled 
up mess of flesh and feathers. Inhu- 
man wretch that I am, I laugh at her 

We rumble over the trestle-work 
slowly, pass through a labyrinth of 
curves and switches, and stop under 
the great roof of the depot at Boch- 

Allow me in conclusion, to express 
through your Journal, my thanks to 
Messrs. Erhardt, Chamberlane, 
KeoQgh, Brown and Stanford, for the 
gentlemanly way in which they have 
treatf^d me. 

Yours Truly, J. B. SwJErr. 

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[For the JonmaL] 

The John S. Farlow. 

M€$sr$. Wilson A FeUawsi—The 
aboT6 is the name of a new passenger 
engine, jost pnt upon the B. W. & O. 
Bailway, from the shops of the Ck>m- 
pany, at Borne, bnilt under the snper- 
Tiaion of Master Mechanic Wmu Jack- 
son, and is a perfect model of meohan- 
ioal sluil and beauty. 

Its power and capacity may be gath- 
ered from the following summary: 
Diameter of boiler, 45^ inches; cyl- 
inder. 15)^x20 inches; capacity of fire- 
box, 37x46 inches; water space, 3 inch- 
es; diameter of driving wheel, 5)4 feet. 
Is a ooal burner, and when coaled and 
watered, weighs 32 tons. Makes 
steam charmingly, and when in mo- 
tion moves like **a thing of life." Is 
neatly and tastefully painted, and has 
the usual amount of ^'bright work," 
which adds to its beauty and general 
appearance, reflecting great credit 
npon those having charge of its con- 
stmotion, and upon the road to which 
it is now such an important aquisi- 

The Farlow has been intrusted to 
the care of Mr. Asa Boul, one of our 
oldest and most experienced engineers. 
He has been on the road over twenty 
years— is as honest and faithful as he 
is sober and gentlemanly — is a good 
mechanic, and a member of the Broth- 
erhood. This mark of confidence on 
the part of the company has certainly 
not been misplaced. "Asa" run one 
engine, the Jeff^irson, thirteen years 
without meeting a single casualty. 
Indeed it has passed into a proverb, 
that when ''Asa'' holds the ^'throttle" 
ease, comfort and safety follow him. 
&fay he live long to enjoy the confi- 
dence of the public and the company, 
and never "run the Farlow into tub 

It may not be uninteresting to some 
of your numerous readers, to give a 
brie! sketch of the road which employ 
sDch a host of other good men. 

The Bome, Watertown and Ogdens- 
bnrg Bailroad is located through the 
oonnties of Oneida, Jefferson and 9t. 
Lawrence. the main line proper. 

commences at Bome, K. Y., andter* 
minates at Ogdenburg, N. Y., being 
142 miles in length. It has three 
branches, viz : Bichland to Oswego, 
29 miles; Watertown to Gape Yincent, 
25 miles, and DeEalb Junction to 
Potsdam Junction, 25 miles; making 
221 miles of road, all in good running 
order, with a fine road bed, and equip- 
ped with rolling stock equal to any in 
the State. The principle offices are at 
Watertown, in one of the finest depot 
buildings in northern N . Y . Is officered 
by experienced and gentlemanly men, 
and is in. a healthy and prosperous 
condition, doing a business of over 
two millions a year, and pays ten per 
cent, to its stock holders annually. In 
fact it is one of the most popular 
thoroagbfares for travel from sea- 
board to the Provinces, and equally 
BO in regard to the freight traffic. 

Its present prosperity and standing, 
as the third road in the State, are due 
in a great measure, to the able man- 
agement. The Qeneral Superinten- 
dent, Mr. J. W. Moak, is thoroughly 
a practical railroad man, and enjoys 
the confidence and esteem of the pub- 
lic and the board-- is respected by all 
the men under him, and while be is 
firm and rigid in the enforcement of 
dioipline in all that pertains to duty, 
he is kind and indulgent to the 

The Assistant Superintendent and 
General Freight Agent, Mr. G. G. 
Case, ia the "right man in the right 
place,*' equally woil versed in the gen- 
eral business of the road, but practi- 
cally adapted to the Freight Depart- 
ment, He is a gentleman of fine execu- 
tive abilities, with keen perceptive 
faculties, a good judge of human na- 
ture, and every way calculated to 
manage his department successfully 
and win the confidence and respect of 
all with whom he comes in contact, 
either socially or in a business capac- 
ity. During his administration, the 
freight business of the road has stead- 
ily increased, until it has now reached 
a point which is as gratifying to him 
as it is profitable to the stockholders. 
Don Felix. 

Watibtown, April, 1871. 

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JouBT. Ii«ii., March 18th, 1871. 

Mb8SB8. Editobs: — ^Permit a oitizen 
of this place to send you kind greet- 
ings and hearty good wishes for the 
Bucoess of yonr journal, and the noble 
work your Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers is laboring to acoompUsli. 

Perhaps no class of men in the 
world are liable to so many h^isards, 
assume greater responsibilities, or be- 
come more useful, than our Locomo- 
tive Eag^neers. 

The soldier faces death on the field 
of battle only now and then — the sailor 
on the ocean meets an occasional tern 
pest — but enjoys in the main smooth 
eeas and safe narbors; but the Locomo- 
tive Bngineer literally takes his life in 
his hand along every rood or space he. 
Ihundera over. And mark the treasure 
he trails along» more than the wealth 
of "Ormus or of Ind ;*' more than the 
gold of Ophir or of Oalifornia ; more 
than the millions of winged messen- 
gers by mail or express ; for above all 
these he is freighted with myriads of 
human lives. Sach responsibilities are 
truly solemn— almost fearful Yet 
^mebody must assume them, and such 
men are our Locomotive Engineers. 

How vastly important, then, that 
they should be sober, truthful, vigilant 
and righteous men, thoroughly trained 
And qualified for so great a calling. 

All these qualities are so essential to 
their prof essioi, (for it is entitled to 
that rank), that I have sometimes 
thought each engineer should gradu- 
ate at a training school, and receive 
his diploma from a school of examin- 
ers. Some might object to this idea 
'l>eoau8e an engineer's duties are so 
practical that proper qualifications 
are mainly the result of actual service 
and experience. We reply that this 
is true of cJl occupations, insomuch 
that * 'practice makes perfect*' has 
passed into a standing proverb. Any 
man can fire a gun, or ignite the fuse 
of a blast; but does that qualify him 
to lead a charge upon the enemy's 
line, or make a tunnel through Hoosio 
Mountain ? All suoh, with engineers 
included, require trained brains, as 
well as pluck aui practice. 

All of us can rids a locomotive, 
imd do the musde-work in running 

the same ; but to do as Franklin did, 
''guide the thund^xbolts of heaven" 
harmless o*er the earth, is quite a dif- 
ferent thing. Were all of our engin- 
eers thus qtialified, it woold be worih 
more to them, to all passengen and 
all property, than a wholesale p<^oy 
of insuraaoe. 

How shall this be aooooapliahed? 
That is the vital question. Your val- 
uable journal and Brotherhood of Lo- 
comotive Engineers will do great 
good. Permit a suggestion tp the 
editors and officers of your organisa- 
tion that may hasten the consumma- 
tion of your great and good work. It 
is this. 

Suppose you call a Convention of 
the Order, embodying the wi^om, 
talent and experience of the nation. 
Let them discuss the matter, and also 
offer a liberal prize of $500 or $1,000, 
open to the competition of the world 
for the best essay, or practical sjretem 
for perfecting Locomotive Engineers 
in the disc barge of their duties, the 
main purpose being to secure the ut- 
most possible safety to persons and 

A select Committee of Award should 
carefully examine all pr^d actions and 
not only accept the best, but improve 
it by incorporating into it whatever 
may be of value in the other essays. 

''In a multitude of connsellois there 
is safety;*' and by this plan jou effeo- 
tually /oca/u^ the counsel of two or 
three hundred engineers. Allowing 
an average of fife years past service 
tqeach one, gives us the experience^ 
the fruits of ten or fifteen thousand 
years pracHc d engineering. 

And wid it not be a grand thing 
to utilize, to bring together and ap- 
propriate these fruits ? 

And in what easier, cheaper or 
more practical manner can it be donet 
If there is any, the discnssiona of 
your Conventions can unfold it. Yoor 
Convention may also touch uppa 
other reforms greatly needed. De- 
fective engineering is accountable for 
only a small portion of the aooidenta 
constantly occurring. 

Defective rails, tracks, bridges^ 
help rolling-gear, Ac, as well as rack- 

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less speed, add fearfnlljr to railroad 

Niao-tontbs of them noed never oo- 
eax if aaiUble iesls and preomtioa9 
were at all timee rigidly enforoe'l 

And theee yoar Brotberhood have a 
riff hi and a duly to demind of the high 
oiftjialii on every road in the oountrjr. 

In nnion there is strength, and if 
jon bat will it — ^if yon refuse to jeop- 
ardise yoar lives and the lives of oth- 
ers nnlees every rUal appliance in 
railroading ib snbjected to the seve- 
rest test, and the most rigid sjstdm 
of discipline, or preoaation in man- 
agement enforced, THnr the day of 
railroad horrors will have ended. 

Entertaining these views, I woald 
as an engineer also demand a limit of 
speed to thirty miles an hoar. 

Other suggestions might be made, 
but I have already said enough, per- 
haps too much for an ontsider. If so, 
pardon me, and ascribe the weakness 
partly to my desire to cast in my 
"mite ' of contribution toward your 
great work, and partly to my compli- 
ance with the wish of our worthy 
friend Charles Peanejr* who requested 
mj *'aatograph** in this matter. 
With respeot, years truly, 


Jbbsbt Oirr. April 16 187L 
lb ih9 Editor of the Journal : 

Haviog become very much interest- 
ed in the discussion between Bros J. 
D. of Div. 68, and E P. G. of Div. 54, 
relative to a proposed change in our 
plan of insurance, I oanhot refrain, 
with yoar permission, from entering 
in the columns of the Jourw aii my 
most earnest protest against the pro 
posed change at any time, or any other 
change for the present. 

If I understand J. D. correctly, he 
proposes not only a change in our 
plan of insurance, but virtually its en- 
tire abolishment, substituting in its 
stead a grand Benevolent Society, 
somewhat similar to the Odd Fellows, 
or Father Matthew's A.bstinenoe Soci- 
eliea. Those and various similar so- 
cieties raise a fund by initiation fees, 
dnes and fines, guaranteeing to each 
member a certain amount per week if 
ill ; a certain amonnt to be paid his 

widow in case of his death ; also sssnrs 
him, his children— if he leaves any— 
shall never come to want. 

Now these institutions are admirable 
in their way. They do precisely what 
they agr<»e to do. They give almost 
nnivenal satisfaction to their members 
and number many, many thousands in 
the Uaited States. But they are not 
classed as Insarance Companies, 

I do not know bow it is in Canada* 
but I can assure Bro. J. D. that here 
in New Jersey locomotive engineers 
are very much like other men, and re- 
gard taking out a policy of insurance 
lu the same light as they do any other 
business transaction. Many of them 
have had their lives insured in other 
companies previous to our organiia- 
tion. Some still keep both polisies in 
force, while not a few have allowed 
their first policies to lapse, or sold them 
to the companies who issued them and 
have insured with us, simply becaase 
we offered them a larger amount of in- 
Burduoe for the same amount of pre- 

I fail to see any good reason advanc- 
ed by J D. why any change should be 
made at present. In answer to E. P. 
a., he stys, "54 states how things are 
but not how 68 wants them." Ex- 
actly 1 54 states facts and adduces fig- 
ures in proof. 68 offers only supposi- 
tions and is unable to advance any 

An engineer has a family, and earn- 
ing a little more money than is neces- 
sary for their support, he looks around 
to see where he can best invest it. 
Aware that his occupation is a very 
perilous one, he naturally seeks an in- 
vestment that will most benefit his 
family in case he should suddenly be 
called away from them forever. Life 
insurance offers him exactlv what he is 
seeking. After investigating various 
plans, he finds the Brotherhood Insa- 
rance gives him the maximum of ben* 
efit, at the minimum of cost ? for I be- 
lieve it susceptible of proof thai the 
Police Insurance of New York, the 
Brotherhood Insurance, and the B. B. 
Conductors' Insurance— all modelled 
on the same plan— are the most eeo- 
nomlcai institutions of the kind ever 
organised. What the pUn of the 

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"Friends' Sooiety/' to which J. D. al- 
lades, may be, I am at a loss to under- 
stand ; and as he hints that only the 
initiated may know, I am afraid I am 
doomed to remain long in ignorance. 
Bnt as he says they give ''What and 
when necessary, and oQly to the de- 
serving," I am inclined to think it is 
more Uke charity than insurance. 

J. D. thinks that a large fund must 
necessarily be of benefit to any Associ- 
ation. I cannot agree with him. I 
think one of the most admirable points 
in our organization is that no fund is 
required. The possession of a large 
fund by the Bxoth^kood would in 
time lead to bickerings and jealousies 
as to its custody and distribution. 

That the time may come when our 
numbers will be so large that the pres- 
ent assessment of $1.00 each will be- 
come oneroas, I have no doubt. Nor 
have I any doubt that when that time 
does come, we will be able to find and 
apply a remedy. 

1 hardly knowwhioh most to admire 
in Brother J. D., the sophistry of his 
argument, or his excessive coolness in 
proposing to establish a sinking fund, 
keep adding its interest and never dis- 
pose of it. 

He says this reserve fuud is to be 
for the benefit of the widows and or- 
phans. The widows he divides into 
two classes : the provident — the im- 
provident. He says, * 'Provident wid- 
ows, as a rule, never need aid — improv- 
ident ones get none.*' I will add for 
him, that orphans, not knowing they 
have any claim> will never apply, and 
thus there is no good reason why this 
reserve fund should not * 'accumulate 
and soon more than meet ordinary con- 

Is that kind of financiering what J. 
D. means by "The natural produet of 
the animal portion of our terrestrial 
existence?" I take great pleasure in 
informing Brother J. D. that in this 
section of the country, it is not custom- 
ary for engineers to sell their wives for 
91.350, nor can I find a single anthen- 
tioated case of one of their widows 
baying another husband for the like 
amount and letting her children scat- 
ter ; neither are our engineers in the 
habit ef addressing their wives as "old 

hens," nor allowing them to be so des* 
ignated by others. 

In conclusion, I earnestly appeal to 
the members of our Insurance , urging 
them to discoantenance any attempt to 
alter or amend its provisions. It has 
in its present shape been a splendid 
success, and we have found it to meet 
all its reqairements. Do not let us risk 
impairing its efficacy, or jeopardizing 
its very existence by unnecessary alter- 

Fraternally Tours, 
Thbo. L. Muhfobd, 
Division 53. 

N. Y. 0. B. Ffiou Syraoosb to Booh- 


DifiAB Mb. WiiiSOK: — ^Your timely 
remarks on the New Hamburg disaster 
show a thorough knowledge of the sci- 
ence of railroading ; and yoar suggas- 
tions in regard to signals should be im- 
medately adopted by every B.B, in the 
country. Let the remote danger sig- 
nal be the present swing of red lamp 
or flag across the track, let proximate 
danger be shown by the back-up sig- 
nal, or sying up and down. 

It is sheer nonsense to say that an 
engineer should reverse, or pull patent 
brakes, when he sees a signal of dan- 
ger, except he has reason to believe it 
imminent. We hear a great deal said 
in praise of Mr. Simmons, the engi- 
neer of the train on that fearful night 
at New Hamburgh. We, too, admire 
his heroism, and we can testify to the 
fact that we have many such men 
among those I have the pleasure of 
kaowing. His bravery and self sacri- 
fice to duty merit a lasting record in 
the memoiy of the pubhc and the 
Company which he so faithfully served. 
Both owe him more than barren 
thanks. Bat what return was made to 
those who mourn his loss? what rec- 
ompense? We have heard of none, 
except that which his fellow employ- 
ees have conferred upon his family. 

This suggests a serious reflection. 
If railroad companies would recom- 
pense men for injuries received whilst 
faithfully discharging their duty in 
saving life and property, they would 
have an incentive to risk themselvea in 

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the moment of danger. Bat the eelf • 
iflhnesB of corporations cannot see be- 
yond dividends ; therefore employees 
act on the maxim ^'man mind thyself/* 
for if they are rendered temporarily or 
permanently nseless for vork, only the 
charity of a cold world awaits them. 
The nature of the contract jostifies 
companies in withholding remunera- 
tion for injaries received, hat in time» 
we think, they would be the gainers 
by a little generoeity. They could 
easily discriminate between those who 
merit remuneration, and those who 
receive injary by their own negli- 

The recent strike among the coal- 
miners has drawn our attrition more 
particularly to yoar Brotherhood. We 
admire your moderation and good 
sense. Yon are the arbitrators between 
the engineers and their employers, 
holding the reins over both with a firm 
but gentle hand. Much prudence is 
required in the heads of the Society, 
and kindness, but unflinching firmness 
in the officers of divisions. 

I feel a pride in the engineers of this 
division. Their gradual but steady 
improvement is worthy of all praise. 
Perhaps my friendship for them may 
make me see them in a light too favor- 
able, but my inquiries satisfy me that 
they are cultivating the virtues of gen- 
tlemen« whilst they are husbanmng 
their earnings, and building up happy 
homes for their wives and little ones. 
On the engine their thoughts are ever 
fixed on duty, and when not thus en- 
gaged they are neatly dressed and pol- 
ished as the engine that obeys their 
brawny arms. Polite and obliging to 
each other, they study how to be ac- 
commodating. I was on the engine of 
the ' *looal freight" a few days ago, and 
felt much pleased in seeing a proof of 
this assertion. The engineer exerted 
himself to the utmost to get out of the 
way, so as to let **Jim" *'make" Syra- 
cuse before the *'Day Express." Some 
one may say in reply to my assertions, 
"He does not know them all ; so-and- 
so is far different from this glowing 
piotare. '* We give him the Iriuiman's 
answer when the gander of a flock of 
geese ran at him : ''There is no crowd 
without a rascal amongst their**' If 

there be any one unworthy of a place 
among the engineers, we say, let Uiem 
oust him and make room for the wor- 
thy ones who are now handling the 
shovel, but fit for elevation to the 
throttle-valve. This brings me to the 
question much agitated, **Shoald an 
engineer be a machinist ?** 

We imagine that a little jealousy 
leaks out in the arguments pro and 
con. The machinist engineer answers 
* 'yes!" and his reply has a vein of self- 
ishness which is disagreeable. But 
the engineer who has learned his trade 
on the engine by a seven year's ap- 
prenticeship, answers more sensibly, 
we think, <*It is not necessary that the 
engineer should be able to buUd his 
engine in order to run her successful- 


In my opinion the case stands thus: 
If an engineer be a machinist and has 
a thorough, practical knowledge of 
running, he is nndoubtedlv the best 
But without this thorough practical 
knowledg^e, which can only be obtain- 
ed by bein^ on an engine. I would 
prefer to nde with a fireman of a 
year's experience, than to trust myself 
with the best machinist in America 
who had never run an engine. My 
conclusion is, ^erefore, it is necessa- 
ry for firemen aspiring to be engi- 
neers, to learn all they possibly can of 
the construction of an engine and its 
peculiarities, also something of the 
principle of mechanics, and after a 
due course of training as firemen they 
will make as good engineers as ever 
pulled a throttle- valve. In proof my 
assertion, I might mention the names 
of some among our engineers on this 
division, and an argument irrefraga- 
ble is found in the fact, that our ex- 
cellent, observing and talented master 
mechanic, H. Watkey's, Esq., has 
promoted so many firemen. His confi- 
dence has not been misplaced. These 
men have grown up with the road- 
know instinctively every curve and 
grade, hence they succeed; and be- 
sides feel a pride in their profession, 
and an interest in the road. Moreover 
it gives encouragement to firemen; 
therefore this class of employees are 
improving morally and socially ; for 
respectable young men seek the posi- 

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tion, and none other should be em- 
ployed . It is pleasing to see the pride 
of U^e fireman in baring his engine 
olean. It is a sign of bis vooallon, 
and a sore mark that promotion awaits 
him. There is great harmony between 
the engineers and firemen on this di- 
Tieion. This good feeliog extends ako 
between all the employees and Mr. 
Lapham and Mr. Watkeya. All are 
loud in their praises of the manage- 
ment. This tends to lighten work — 
except, alas I on Sunday. Bnt these 
gentlemen they know are not to blame, 
but the sordid selfishness of corpora- 
tions, that care more for dividends 
than for the blood, bones, soul or 
comfort of the workingman. It is 
another phase of the conflict between 
labor and capital. 

In contradistinction to this selfish- 
ness and plutocracy, we turn to a more 
pleasing subject. The young engineers 
who hM either fired for Mr. James 
Wood, of 103, or who admired him as 
a man and a kind friend, united in 
presenting to him a magnificent gold 
chain, as a testimony of their esteem, 
and a few of the present firemea, not 
wishing to be outdonehy the engineers 
added to this, a gold pendant, appro- 
priately inscribed— the whole eiqni- 
site in taste, design and workmanship. 
We hear whimpers of presents in store 
for others, who merit a recognition of 
their qualities of head and heart, one 
in particular, to which we shall take 
pleasure in subscribing largely, as a 
recognition of his virtues. 

Hitherto we have had only pleasant 
features for our communication. But 
there is a deep, rumbling murmur 
against what the men call an iojustioe. 
They complain that they are not paid 
unUl after the middle of the month. 
This is certainly a grievance, and the 
Company should in justice rectify it, 
by putting on an additional paymaster. 
The gentleman who is at present hon- 
ored with that very responsible posi- 
tion by Com. Vandprbilt, has too 
much work to do. There is a small 
army of employees to pay. It requires 
the utmost effort to avoid confusion 
and prevent fraud in these days of 
harpies and sharks, who try every 
means to cheat their neighbor. We 

have been informed that a sharp ganae 
was played on him on the Eastern l^W 
vision, where by forgery soma men 
drew the pay of others who af terwarda 
presented their just claims and were 
paid, as they had a right to their wa- 
ges. To avoid such diifieaUies, and 
facilitate the speedy nayment of the 
men. the psymastw has made roles 
and regulations which must be observ- 
ed. We have enquired into everythioR 
for the interest of our friends, and 
they know our disinterested regard for 
them ; therefore we advise every one 
going to the pay-car to be polite* and 
if he should find himself among a olaaa 
whose payment was deferred for a few 
minutele, to wait, if so requested. Hia 
timewiU surely come. By followioR 
this rule, he will avoid the unpleasant 
consequence which are sure to follow 
from complaints. We know whereof 
we speak, and we can guarantee po- 
liteness and proper treatment from ofli- 
cials. If not, this pen is fearless and 
independent, and your journal is a 
power in the land — justice shaU be 
done to alL 

Did I neglect to mention another 
worthy class of your subscribers and 
admiring friends, I should consider 
myeelf ungrateful I mean the con- 
ductors. With perhaps one exception 
on the old road, I believe no traveler 
passes between Syracuse and Bocfaea- 
ter without carrying with him friendly 
recollections of the polite and gentle- 
manly conductors. 

I feel grateful for 3^our acknowledg- 
ment of my true motives for writing to 
the JouBHAii. viz: the elevation, social- 
ly and morally, of my friends the rail- 
road men. 

I must also express my pleasure at 
seeing no more sermons in the Jouit- 
KAii. These discourses, however good 
in themselves, mu^t be sectarian, and 
therefore introduce an element foreign 
to the JomuTAi^ and to the Brother- 
hood which represent alike all men of 
all creeds and countriea There is a 
time and pisce for all things. Keep 
out everything that could create dis- 
cord in the meetings of the Divisions 
or the Brotherhood. 

A Fbzxnd 07 Bailboad Msb. 

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RsiLDiNo, April 11, 187U 

JfflMm. Wii9on k FiUiowi: 

April J^o, of JouBNAif oame to hand 
all right; mucL ft ealisfaetory number it 
IB to me. I am glad to find oar breth- 
ren are taking hold of gabjeots of tern- 
porai interest to the members of the 
order, the free disooflBion of which 
eannofc fail to benefit them. 

& C. B.9 of BaffUo gives good ar- 
gument to snataiD hia ride of the qaes- 
tion: **8hoald Loeomotive Engineers 
be Meohanios." In my bojhood I 
foUowed the sea, and came across 
many first class sailors; men who 
eoald knot, splice, reef and steer, bat 
who coald not have bailt a joll^ boat, 
maoh less a ship. Jast so with the 
Looomotive Eogineer; he should have 
a meehanical tact or he will never rise 
above mediucricv, bat that it is a ne- 
eeseity that he shoald be a machinist 
is just as absurd as to say that a sailor 
ought to be a ship carpenter. 

Brother Green, of Division 77. takes 
ezeeption to I what said in March, in 
reference to the parade of our religion 
in the Journal. I expected some such 
reply from the advocates of the coarse 
I o<«ndemn. The kind of region that 
is eonstantly thrust in the face of the 
publicy it would be totally extinguish- 
ed by a single bushel ; whereas, true, 
modest religion, that which lives by 
deeds, not words, will still live, though 
a hogshead, yes, even though a moun- 
tain were put over it I admit that 
religion may be iM«cfJ«tc^icM>ti%. Many 
men pat on a **cloiik of sanctity to 
serve the devil in. *' 

Brother Ghreen is satisfied with the 
reading matter of the Jonrnal and 
vouches for the majority of his Divi- 
sion members. I am glad to bear it 1 
But it is no reason because a work 
e >mes up to the' standara of Brother 
Green and the members of Division 
Ko. 77; that he should object to an 
improvement in the same work, to 
meet the ideas of those who want 
something better, or to put it in a 
different shape; because Brother Green 
and the members of Diviiiion No. 77 
already know all that it is necessary 
to know on the subject of the Loco- 
motive and its management, is no 
veaaon why the less informed breth- 

ren should ask, for information. Why, 
the very title of the Journal says it is 
''Devoted to the interests of the Loco- 
motive department of Bailrbads;*' and 
we find a brother objected to because 
he asks for just what he is promised 
and objects to that which has no bear- 
ing on the subject. 

The comments of the editor's follow- 
ing Brother Green's article, are apro- 
po and to the point. It is because I 
have looked at the rule on page 17, 
that I have taken exceptions to the 
amount of religious matter in the col- 
umns of the Journal. Beligious sub- 
jects have no business anywhere but 
in the church. Some of our corres- 
pondents are complaining of Divis- 
ions meeting on sunday. Debar them 
of that pnviledge and Divirion 75 
might as well hand in their charter. 
There is no other day, or night in the 
week that we can raise more than a 
bare quorum; whereas, on Sunday it is 
not unusual to have near hall our 
members present Very many of our 
members get in off their trips (of 108 
miles) on Sunday, from 10 a. x., to 
about 12,30 p. ic , tired and worn out; 
yet they wash up, dress, eat dinner, 
and come to the Division room and 
spend two or three hours in the social 
interchange of ideas, that certainly 
can have no bad effect, the opinions of 
Sabbatarians to the centrary notwith- 

R J. Raxjoh, 
Division No. 75. 

IDaily Telegraph of TorontaJ 

Korthem Kallwsy Company. 


Last niflcht the supper roem of Thomas' 
English Chop House was filled with a 
go<^ly company of gentlemen belonging 
to the Mechanical Department of the 
Northern Railway Company, who assem- 
bled to celebrate the first ran of engine 
No. 22, mannfactared in the Company's 
works, and tried to day between Toronto 
and Thornhill. Mr. I. Qibson of the Me- 
chaaical Department, occnpted the 
chair, Engineer Robt Pearson, viee; 
there were present, among many others, 
Messri. F. Tntten, Mechanical Snperin- 

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L000M01I7S BNQINraBD' 

tendent, and formerly of the Kiofston 
Locomotive Works; P. Thornton, geaeral 
foreman : John Abernethy, erector of No. 
22 and erector Broughtoii; Wm. Aird, 
8^., foreman blacksmith; and Jos. Wad- 
die, foreman boiler-maker. 

After sabstantial justice had been 
done to the good things, and the ordina- 
ry loyal toasts having been drank, 

The chairman, in very flattering terms, 
proposed the health and prosperity of 
Mr. Cnmberland and family, which was 
received with the nsnal honors. 

The vice-chairman, in rising to pro- 
pose the next toast^ referred to the great 
progress made by the Northern Railway, 
as evidenced by the fact that engine 22 
was the only engine ever bailt from the 
i^ttom at the company's works. Honor 
should be given to whom honor was due, 
And the least the company could do was 
to drink to the health and prosperity of 
Mr. Tutton and family. 

The toast was received with enthusias- 
tic applause, and in response, Mr. Tutton 
expressed his pleasure at meeting so 
many of the employees in the Mechani- 
cal Department. His aim was to live 
with those under him in harmony and 
peace he trusted that all would work to- 
gether for the Company's good. He be- 
lieved that No. 22 was the best engine in 
Ontario, but they could beat her, and 
they would beat her too. (Cheers.) This 
was the little Northern railway now, but 
ihey intended to make her the great 
Northern railway of the the North-West. 
(Hear, hear.) The Northern would be 
eecond to none. He concluded by ex- 
pressing his thanks for the kind manner 
in which his health had been received. 

The Chairman then proposed the 
health of Mr. Peter Thornton, the fore- 
man, and family, which was received with 
great honors, and responded to suitably 
and appropriately. 

By way of varying the entertainment, 
Mr. McGraw was called upon and gave 
••Annie Laurie," in capital style. 

The Vice-Chairman then proposed, 
••Our Mechanics." He believed the 
Northern Railway Company had the 
best mechanics in the country, and 
coupled with the toast the names of 
Messrs. John Abernethy and James 
Bvoughton, which was received with tu- 
multuous applause, and suitably respond- 
td to by the gentlemen referred to. 

The Chairman then proposed the 
l&ealthofthe Engineers of the locomo- 

tive department, coupled with the name 
of Mr. Hugh McLennan, the engineer ap- 
pointed to No 22, to which Mr. McLen- 
nan made an able response. 

The Vice-chairman congratulated 
the Superintendent on the appointment 
of Mr. McLennan to take charge of the 
best engine in the Dominion — (cheers) — 
especially as Mr. McLennan bad thrown 
his first stick under him. He advocated 
nnity among engineers, and expreeaed 
his belief that the system now in opera- 
tion would be the means of procuring the 
best engineers and of bettering the posi- 
tion and standing of the craft (Hear, 

The Superintendent assured the eivgi- 
neers that he was ever ready to give 
them his best assistance. Mr. Cumber- 
land was their chief, and they would all 
join together and hoist him until they 
hoisted him and the railway into the Bed 
River country. (Great cheering) . 

Several excellent songs were then snog 
by the Chairman, Messrs. Dunn, Aird, 
jun., and Linghom. 

The Vice-Chairman, in a very happy 
speech proposed 'The Ladies." 

Mr. McLennan responded, and gave 
•'My Boy Tammy'* in excellent style, eli- 
citing the plaudits of the company. Mr. 
Hamilton, his foreman, also replied and 
was received with the same enthusiasm 
as his engineer. 

After a few other toasts the meeting 
dispersed, every man in it being satisfied 
with the evening s sociality. 

'VNGIKS NO. 22. 

The third and largest engine built at 
the Company's works. Her weight is 
about 33 tons ; cylinders 16 in. x 24 in., 
outside connected ; 5 foot ordinary wheel 
with a pure wrought iron truck ; the boil- 
er is made of the best Lowmoor iron ; 
Erupp's steel tyres; capacity for tender 
2,000 gallons. She started this morning 
— under charge of Mr. McLennan, with 
whom were the Superintendent and fore- 
man — from Brock Street Station, and ran 
to Thornhill and back. No. 22 has been 
pronounced by Mr. Tutton— who is one 
of the ablest and most experienced build- 
ers in this country — to be the best and 
most powerful engine in Canada, and her 
trial trip has fully borne out that gentle- 
man's verdict She is a credit not only 
to those by whom she was erected, but to 
the Company and the railroad enterprise 
of Ontario. 

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It is with extreme pleasare that we an« 
nounce "La Poirte Division, No. 9," or- 
ganized at Elkhart, Ind. 

We had the pleasure ot being present, 
ani assisting in the services of opening 
this new Division, and we can assure onr 
brothers throughout the country 1 hat the 
prospect is good for a first class Division 
fit Elkhart. 

We arrived at Elkhart at 4 20 P. M. 
and was met by our worthy brother, H. 
E- Stone, and conducted to his house, 
where we enjoyed the hospitality of a 
pleasant and happy home. After tea 
we visited the extensive shops of the L, 
S & M. S. B. R. Co., which are located 
at this place. The railroad company in- 
tend to have^ all the general repairs ot al« 
the locomotives west of Toledo made a^ 
these shops, and no doubt will be able to 
build a sufficient number of niew engines 
to stock their part of the road after they 
get their shops all completed. We had 
the pleasure of meeting Mr. William Hill, 
who is the Master Mechanic of all the 
roads this company run west of Toledo. 
Mr. Hill has been in the service of the 
company for a long time. He has earned 
a first-claas reputation as a mechanic, 
and I am pleased to be able to state that 
he is looked upon by all classes of his 
emyloyes as a gentleman who is in every 
respect worthy to fill the responsible po- 
aition he now occupies^ We were well 
pleased with Mr. Hill and his assistants, 
i(r. Sanborn, foreman of the Bound 
House, and Mr. Newell, engine dis- 

We predict a prosperous and harmoni. 
DOS administration for Mr. Hill and his 
tssistanta, and thank them for the cour- 
tesies and kind wishes they expressed. 

Onr brothers had arranged to meet in 
the Masonie Hall, and we will here state 
that Division No. 9 feel under lasting 
obligations to their Masonic brethren, 

especially to Kane Lodge, for their kind* 
ness in opening their doors, and for the 
friendly manner they treated them and 
their visiting brothers. Their kindness 
will be remembered, and should opportu- 
nity offer we feel sure that it will be 
duly reciprocated. 

The usual ceremonies were gone 
through with, when Laporte Division No. 
9 was declared fully organized, and the 
Division proceeded to the election of offi- 
cers for the balance of the current year. 

The election passed off with entire 
unanimity ; there not being more 
than one scattering ballot for any candi- 
date. We proceeded to install the offi- 
cers elect as follows: H. E. Stone, G. E. ; 
J. Gasat, F. £. ; J. H. Bailey, S. £.; 
J. W. Dickinson, F. A. E.; George 
Jones, S. A. E. ; W. Jones, T. A. E. ; E. 
A. Lawrence, Guide; and J. L. Dods* 
worth, Chaplain. 

The officers being duly^installed and in 
their several places and stations. Brother 
Stone, the Chief Engineer elect, pro> 
ceeded to deliver an address to the 
Brothers. He reminded them of their 
trials heretofore, and expressed the 
opinion that their succeft had been wen 
entirely by the good conduct of the men, 
and he earnestly urged all the members 
of his division to use their utiiiost endeav^ 
ors to maintain the good name they have 
sustained in the past, and to see to it 
that no stigma come upon Division No. ^ 
on account of any misconduct of their 

Brother Stone paid a high compliment 
to the officers of the road, and urged the 
members to so conduct themselves as to 
merit the approbation of their officials. 

Everything connected with the meeting 
passed off in the most happy manner, 
and upon adjournment a large number 
of the brothers repaired to the house of 
Brother J. W. Dickinson, where we found 
a very abundant and splendid supper pre* 
pared for all. 

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We made ssTeral calls during oar stay 
at Elkhart, and we desire to express onr 
thanks and gratification for the warm 
reception and kindly feelings manifested 
by the friends we met, not only towards 
ns, bat towards one another. 

We shall long remember onr first visit 
to Elkhart, and sincerely hope that the 
anticipations of oar friends will be more 
than realized. 

Elkhart is a very thriving town, and 
possesses all the essentials to make 
a first-class manufactaring city. Its 
water power is almost nnsnrpassed. 
Climate and snrronnding country excel- 
lent. Building lots, drainage and facili- 
ties for transportation all that could be 
desired. Besides all this the great bene- 
fit that Elkhart must derive from the 
location of the immense railroad shops 
there will tend greatly to build up the 
nown. We predict for Elkhart a pros- 
perous future, and consider it the best 
place to invest in real estate in that sec- 
tion of the country. We returned to 
Cleveland via Fort Wayne, and had the 
pleasure of meeting a goodly number of 
the members of Division No. 12. Every- 
thing at Fort Wayne seems to be moving 
harmoniously, &nd Division No. 12, so 
far as I could learn, is in excellent con- 
dition. Brother W. T. Jackson has been 
quite sick since last Janaary, but seems 
to be improving at present. We hope he 
may be fully restored to health ere long. 

St Louis Division No. 48 is reorgan 
ized with a good prospect of success. 
Several brothers have taken hold of the 
matter in earnest, and I have no doubts 
but what we shall have a first-class Divis- 
ion at St« Louis for the future. 

Meridian Division No. 128 is doing 
wall. Brother Bell reports that they have 
-several members of over ten vears ex- 
perince, and others seventeen, twenty- 
three and twenty-nine years. They have 

sent a liberal order for Jourkals, and I 
have no doubts but what thep will have a 
good Division. 

Chatanooga Division No. 129 has been 
organized by Brother J. B. Pickens, G. 
E. of Division 115. He reports that they 
have good material there, and that the 
prospect is good for a first-class Divia- 

The inconvenience of getting to a 
Division meeting of members who were 
running on the Lake Erie Division of 
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and 
C. S. & C. R. B. has long been felt, and 
it was decided to organize a Division at 
Sandusky, Ohio, where most of the 
brothers could attend a meeting of their 
Division. Accordingly, an applicatien 
was made by Division No. 5 for a charter, 
which was granted, and arrangements 
made to organize on the 7th inst It was 
expected that about fourteen members 
would have cards to participate in 
the opening of this Division (No. 130), 
but the cards not having been procured 
in time, only a temporal y organization 
was effectedf and a meeting in the after- 
noon and evening held, and arrangementa 
made to have a meeting on the 2l8t, 
when a full attendance will be had and 
oflScers elected for the balance of the 
year. This Division will probably be 
able to secure a membership of about 
thirty members, and all of good material, 
and there is every reason to believe a 
first-class Division will be maintained at 
Sandusky. One of the main elements of 
a good Division was made manifest among 
the men,and that was,a good feeling toward 
each other. They have improved the 
time since application was made for a 
charter in procuring a nice little hall, and 
have improved its appearance by fresh 
paint, and made such arrangements as 
are required, partly furnished it, and 
taken the necessary stops to complete the 

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aiTADgemeiits. so that by the time the 
next meeting takes place no doubt they 
will be well ritnated. It is proper to 
state that Brother F. B. Woodraff. of 
Division No. 5, officiated in organising 
the DiTision* and the necessary instnic- 
tions were given them to enable them to 
work successfully. A good feeliDg exists 
between the men and their employers* 
and it appeared to be gratifying to those 
with whom we spokcb to think their 
engineers were about to have a Division 
at that place. In visiting the shops of 
the G. S. & C. R. R., presided over by 
Mr. Beattie as Master Mechanic, every- 
thing was found in Qne trim, and some 
new work in process of construction 
showed signs of being done by master 
hands. In the yard and shops every- 
thing looked neat and tidy, indicative 
that order prevailed there, and no 
old scrap was laying around, but evi- 
dently everything was disposed of that 
would work into fresh material for the 
use of the road. In the shop of the B. & 
O. R. R., (Lake Erie Division,) was an 
engine rebuilding, with heavy frames 
from back end of guides, (back), made 
solid, and surely calculated to stand any 
strain pot upon it We noticed here 
solid brass driving be zes, a rather unusua^ 
arrangement, and of doubtful utility, as 
experience has proven that good iron 
boxes, vith brasses dovetailed into them, 
are the best and much the cheapest. 
Steel wedges for jaws of driving boxes, 
and all work very substantial. We will 
perhaps follow this subject more in detail 
after a permanent organization of No. 
180 is effected, on which occasion we 
hope to be present. 

Augusta Division No. 131. — ^We have 
sent a charter to Atlanta Division No. 
69 for the parpose- of organising a Divis- 
ion at Augusta, Ga. Brother Richards, 
of Di^ion No. 69 reports that the pros- 
peel is good for a firstrate Division at 

that place, and I have no doubt but what 
Division 69 will attend to the matter, and 
see that do delay occurs on their part. 
They also report favorable prospects for 
other Divisions in that section of the 
country. We are fortunate in having 
such a Division a^ Atlanta Division; they 
are looking well to the interest of the 
Brotherhood in their section of the coun* 

As a whole, we are able to report th>o 
Brotherhood in excellent condition. We 
are receiving good reports from all sec- 
tions of the country, and we are truly 
encouraged by the fact that our Brothers 
have been successful in settling all the 
difficulties that have arisen thus far, and 
we believe that the engineers upon any 
]^ailroad possess influence enough to 
amicably settle all troubles that may 
arise between themselves and the officers 
of the roads if they will only have pa- 
tience and take the proper measures to 
make their wants known. Can it be said 
that "j/n'i^y with engineers are at an 


The newspaper imters seem to de- 
light in miEorepresenting everything 
that transpiresi upon all the railroads 
that are styled "Yanderbilt's Roads-" 

Every oonoeivable story was reported 
from New Hamborg after the aocident 
oooarred there, giving an aoooant of 
the indignities to the dead, and the 
utter disregard for the ieelings of tha 
living. These representations weie% 
written apparently with a view to oon« - 
vey the impressibn that all the details • 
in regard to oaring for the dead and 
clearing up the wreck were oondnoted 
under the imniediate orders, if not 
supervision, of Commodore Vandec- 
bilt himself. 

It is difficult to conjeotnre Ihe mo^ 

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LoooMonvB BNennoEBS' 

tiyee of the writers, nnleas they have 
been disappointed in oonTincing the 
Cbmmodore that he ought to divide a 
part of his wealth with them, and now 
seek revenge as a payment of their un- 
recognised abilities. 

The simple truth of the whole mat- 
ter is, Commodore Yanderbilt entrusts 
the management of the running de- 
partment of all the railroads he has 
any interest in to other men. So far 
as I know he never made any preten- 
tions as a practical railroad man. 
Most of his life has been spent in 
other pursuits, and his extreme age, if 
nothing else, should command the re- 
spect of his fellow citizens. 

It is reported that a very influential 
man applied to Mr. Yanderbilt at one 
time to obtain information in regard 
to the running department of his rail- 
road. His advice was characteristic of 
the man. He said, '*If you want to 
learn how to run a railroad you had 
better go to some of the old engineers 
that are running on our roads; they 
can explain every detail to you, and 
by riding and talking with them you 
can learn everything about running a 
railroad." This incident shows that 
the Oommodore relies upon his em- 
ployes to successfully run his roads, 
although he insists that aU his em- 
ployee shall be treated with proper re^ 

We commenced to write with a view 
of contradicting the scurrilous reports 
circulated in regard to the inhuman 
acts of the officers of the Hudson 
Biver Bailroad, and have been led to 
write this much as a sort of explana- 
tion to what follows. 

The active man in the running de- 
partment of the Hudson Biver Bail- 
road is Mr. J, M. Toucey, General 
Stiperintendent He has held that 

position for several years and is a gen- 
tleman above reproach. Mr. Toucey, 
of course, consults W. H. Yanderbilt, 
Yice President, upon all doubtful 
questions, and the two together may 
well feel proud in knowing that during 
all the severe trials they have been 
obliged to pass through on account of 
the New Hamburg accident, no person 
that was injured or that lost friends 
has ever made a word of complaint to 
either of these gentlemen on account 
of any bad treatment of their friends, 
or for being uncivil in any respect 

It has been stated that the body of 
Doc. Simmons, the engineer who met 
his death on the ill-fated engine, did 
not receive proper attention; that it 
was allowed to be carried to New York 
in a freight train /ree— no attention for 
funeral and no care for family. 

The facts are,everything was done to 
properly prepare the body for the 
grave, and no expense was spared to 
provide suitable burial caskets for both 

immons and his comrade that went 
down with him. His body was taken 
to New York in a regular passenger 
train, and an extra train was furnished 
to convey the remains and relatives to 
the cemetary. Everything was fur- 
nished and paid for by the nilroad 
company, and the body could not have 
been more tenderly cared for if it had 
been Oommodore Yanderbilt himsell 

The employees have raised quite a 
sum to assist the afflicted family, and 
the company have informed the widow 
that they would give her a liberal sum« 
to assist her in her sore distress. 

It has been a great wonder to many 
people why the public who knew Sim- 
mons did not raise a fund for his fami- 
ly, the amount of which should show 
something of the high appreciation 

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Uiej held his heroic condact at the 
time of the accident, which cost him 
his life. 

The only excuse which can be given 
is to say tiiat Simmons, unfortunately 
like many other men, had some family 
troubles, and like all other oases, both 
sides have their friends, and claim to 
be in the right. 

So far as I know there is no stigma 
resting upon Simmon's name on ac- 
count of these troubles; yet the reader 
will easily see the opportunity for a 
ready excuse for people not to give. 

We append a card from the Messrs. 
Humphreys, who lost a brother at the 
New Hamburg accident. This is the 
person we refer to as the ''comrade of 
Simmons.*' He was riding on the 
engine, and had no claims upon the 
company in any form, other than those 
of common humanity. Can any per- 
son read the truthful statement of those 
two brothers, and then fail to give the 
deserred tribute of praise to those that 
are fairly entitled to it : 

East Conbmatjoh, \ 
March 1, 1871. / 

Cditob Cambria Fbbbman. — Bear 
Sir : You are already aware of the 
distressing circumstances by which we 
lost our brother, Jahss Huuphbbys. at 
New Hamburg, on the Hudson Biyer 

As accounts censuring the officers 
of that road have been published in 
some of tkeNew York papers, we deem 
it but an tict of justice on our part to 
give a correct statement of the msM- 
ner in which we (entire strangers) were 
received and ta>eated by them. 

Through the kindness of the officers 
of the different roads, we were fur- 
nished with every facility for bringing 
the remains to our home here, where we 
arrived on the morning of the 23d ult. , 
after an absence of four days ; and the 
kindness with which we were treated 
by the Superintendent, J. M. Touoey, 

the Dispatchers, Messrs. Hodge of 
Poughkeepsie, and John B. Marford, 
of New York, J. Scanlan, of the East 
Liberty Police force, and by the un- 
dertakers, D. S. Mallory and E. S. 
Bnlson, of Poughkeepsie, convinced 
us that thejr were gentleman whose ac- 
tions were induced by good wjU and 
sympathy for those who were so un- 
fortunate as to lose friends in that ter- 
rible disaster. . 

When we arrived at Poughkeepsie, 
we found the remains of our brother 
looking as natural as in life, although 
they had lain in the water for thirteen 
days, and w# had no difficulty in rec- 
ognizing them at a glance. Mis body 
was neatly laid out ia a beautiful cas- 
ket furnished by the Hudson Biver B. 
B. Co., at a cost of one hundred and 
fifty dollars. 

We would not mention the above 
facts were it not that the impression 
has become general that the unfortu- 
nate victims were not properly cared 

Amd the kindness of the officers of 
the Pa., R B. in furnishing the rela- 
tives and friends with facilities for 
placing the remain n of our brother be- 
side those of ' nr father, mother, 
brothers, and si^tt-r8, and the sym- 

?athy manifested by onr friends in 
last Conemaugh, Franklin. Summit, 
Ebensburg, and Altoona, deserves and 
will ever receive our heartfelt grati- 

John Humfhbeys. 
David Humfhbeys, 

MabshaiiL, CziAbk Co., III. ) 
April 20th, 1870 f 
Messrs, Wih(yn & Fellows: 

Gents — ^I have keen reading the 
April No. of the Joubnal, and am 
much pleased with it, although I am 
not a locomotive engineer, I take 
pleasure in leading of men who have 
chosen the engineer's trade, and also 
in knewin^ that thev have formed 
themselves into a Brotherhood for the 
benefit of the craft, and as a token of 
my good wishes for the fraternity, and 
the advancement of the Joubnal, I 
send you ene dollar to pay for one 
years subscription to commence Jan. 
1st, 1871. J. S. Ltgan. 

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Teachings of H atare ! 

sabth'b obeat lumotabt. 

The sun, shining In its meridian powers. 
Seems not more beaatifal or soffsestive of hours 
Of usefulness, than other things by nature made 
Contributary to man's welfare. Wisely dis- 
O'er all oreation, a fiind of elemental foroe 
Gor«ms>T'ry range of yiew, and, through its 

Of diyine, but "latent power," seeking to make 
Its important issues, a oourse. by which to take. 
Or draw earth's struggling waifs« in unity of aim 
To lore the great Deity's oo-essential name. 
As it appears manifest in nature. The change 
Of seasons— the gifts of Ufi), defining the range 
Of GKkI's proridenoe« The abstract reason or 

Of mind, which elevates our microcosm, to 

And purest virtue, are true reminders of that 

Designed by the great Creator's wisdom to move 
Us into strength, and establish in each tried 

A reliant faith in and rapture for every part 
Of nature's grandeur. The green, vine-clad 

slopes, the hills 
In sunny lands, whose fair, peaceful valleys and 

Gush t9tih. their praise, to sublimate each happy 

By unison with creative laws, the fVee, serene 
ftest of the plain, where dwell the hardy sons of 

Contributes its 4Uota. to gladden the sweet smile 
God displays, to render all life, one happy course 
Of content The snow-cap't summit, where the 

storm's source 
Begins, is e'en found, the home of beauty and 

The sparkling, crystal gems, falling like richest 

To hide the mount's grim ruggedness, or glacier's 

Betokens the master's hand ; e'en though the 

wild storm 
May roar o'er orag and peak, and the fell ava- 
Bush on, sweeping down the peasant's cot, like a 

Broken firom its parent tree. The Ideep-rolling 

Filled with a generic life, frail yet fiuiily 
Made in depths, jESur beyond human idea or skill 
'^Q imitate, nature's hieroglyphs, they fill 
Ita records, and prove oonnections of that work 


Linking a miracle of truth with rieh design 
In every work. Grim oceans waves so widely 

In their dashing foam, or howling storms, are 

In the great chorus nature sings, its glaoy 

But mirrors the Almighty's form, and tbrongh 

all time tells 
Of his omnipotence. The silent rocks of earth, 
Mass'd though they be. with their dead entom'd, 

whose birth 
And life's a marvel, e'en beyond unaided sight 
They shine, nay speak, and give a clue to greater 

Than runs in finite veins, in their day of small 

They gathered strength "by unity.'* Now, their 

force dings 
Together, giving us a beauty all around. 
Whilst in their short, true purpose, we see firm 

For our deep wonderment SiUoious dead! one 

Of whichi though small, yields millions by hun- 
dreds, yet vain 
Anduninstruotive, they are not flinty skeletons. 
Infkisora though they be ; on earth's fuilletons 
Their records stand baldly forth, and through alj 

the reaches 
Of time, submissive will and reverence teaches 
Us to the Gknl of Nature. Shall we our minds 

In further search? Shall we essay to ope the urn 
Of Plutonic fires, and in the volcano's path 
Seek for each dread, mystic sotyvje of unchal- 
lenged wrath 
As it rushes in maddest wildest revelry 
O'er natures domain 7 Neath whose outpourings 

we see 
Cities engulphed and earth's foundations riven 
Like stubble, in common doom, as though 'twere 

To elemental forces destroying power 
Commensurate and complete. E'en in that dread 

So chaotic so destructive to the fair land 
Blest by industrial toil, we shall find to stand 
Forth there ; God's inscrutiblet compensating 

Active to arrange, and from that wild discord 

Peace, beauty, harmony. And now, shall we do 

Shall we erratic start leaving our changing shore 
To ramble 'mid revolving spheres of light, and 

Through the vast nebulae around, whlefaf like a 

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Of intrie&te eaate, puzzled th« learned of earth. 
And ca^e to ontraireoiu ideas a monstroos blrtli» 
Unchristian and untrue. Shall we, through the 

Ofasure blue thus peer, and ere Its veil is furled 
Penetrate that deep vista of the universe 
For more teachings? Ah, Ko! The stars as they 

Their sweet ehoral songs, sing '*forever as they 

O'erthU oar earth, "The hand that made us is 

In power and exoellenoe. Nol 'tis unrequired 

Though morning stars together sing and zephyrs 

Infngraat harmony. Though the whirlwind 

may make low 
The fair fikoe of creation, our trosting hearts 

Strong, and at the great thrine nature makes, we 

humbly bow. 
For the simplest oreated work carries on its £air 

The Master's sign impressed, which, unmistaka- 
bly grand. 
In paternal solidtude fails not to stand 
Supreme and true, whilst **purpo8e," of human 

Fails to establish the fitness and lasting details 
Of ezcellenee. We look around, and in every 

We traee a hand divine, giving to us sublime 
And firm hope in fhture bliss, that cannot vary. 
Or fail, as does man's vain, fleeting, sublunary 
Sehemes. For nature and child-like trust beyond 

lAparts true teachings— that Qod is e'en every- 
lo bless and beautify our livee for aye. 

Wm. R. Shaw. 
BuFriLO, N. T. 

■ ■ • ^ » 


The motto of the B. ofL. R I think 
is beautiful— Sobriety, Truth, Jastioe 
and Morality. Sobriety I consider by 
far the most important, espeoially to 
engineers. It is the foundation of 
justice and morality. A man cannot 
be amoral man if he is a drunkard, 
neittier can he be a man of jastioe. 
He may deal justly with his neighbor, 
but to himself he fails in that respect. 
I fear there are too many who do not 
think how great an injustice they are 
doing to themselTCs by taking a drink 
now and then. 

How often you hear them say I can 
i3ike a drink or let it alone, and after 

awhile, ''two or three drinks do me no 
harm;" and a little later, "ftveor six 
glasses in my case are indispensable ;** 
and still later, *<I have tried liquor for 
a long time and it agrees with my 
constitution exactly." Speak to them 
on the subject of temperance, they are 
insulted, and will say, *'! guess I 
know myself ; when I see it hurts me 
it will then be time to talk." Oh, say 
not, moderate drinker, that when the 
encircling coils of intemperance has 
folded his strong arm around you that 
you will fly back to temperance ; for 
so reasoned and so fell some of our 
greatest men, men who once filled po- 
sitions of honor and fame in life— men 
who were ornaments to society, have 
by tasting of the maddening bow)» 
first moderately, then immoderately* 
sunk down and been buried in a 
drunkard's grave. 

Who ever heard of a man becoming 
a drunkard without first being a mod- 
erate drinker? Young men, let it 
alone I It is Satan's right-hand man. 
It is a conqueror fromhelL Its depths 
of crime and misery it would be im-^ 
possible for angels to fathom. - It is a 
delusion; and of ail the deluded men 
the moderate drinker is the most. 
Look at the hundreds of thousands 
who throw their lives away through 
its influence. In the city of London 
there are one hundred and forty thou- 
sand habitual drunkards; and still 
.yon hear proud Britain's cries about 
a few hundred heathen, who sacrifice 
their lives to appease the wrath of 
their Gods, while at home she saorifi- 
floes her hundreds of thousands for 
a more ignoble purpose, that of satis- 
fying an insatiable appetite. 

Let every engineer live up to the 
teachings of the beautiful motto on 
which their Order is founded, more 
especially the first part, and you will 
be men among men and useful in so- 
ciety ; but otherwise you are a curse 
to yourselves and the position you 

I feel a deep interest in this mat- 
ter. I would that eve|ybody felt just 
the same ; and then I think saloon- 
keepers would wear threadbare coats: 
Keepectfully Yours, 

AtrariK, Mum., April 27th, 187L 

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East PoBTiiAND, Oregon, 
April 3d, 1871. 
Messrs. Wilson & FeUoms : — ^The 
January and February Nos. of our 
Tery excellent Joubkaii has arrived to 
this far distant west in due time and 
in good condition, bringing with them 
as all previous numbers have done, in- 
struction, advice and encouragement, 
all of which to the appreciative mind 
are alwajs welcome, and inasmuch as 
it is addressed to locomotive engineers, 
to them it becomes especially welcome. 
I think it utterly impossible foe an 
unprejudiced mind to read the Jotm- 
BAii without being convinced of its 
good ioflnence, and as it is one of the 
principal means of conveying to the 
public mind the objects and aims of 
the "B. of L. K," we wish to see it 
on tiie center-table and at the fireside 
of every habitation throughout the 
land ; for the more accurate knowledge 
the people may have of the association 
the more surely will they be convinced 
that the benefit derived therefrom will 
not be confined to the Brotherhood, 
but will be shared with the traveling 
^ public and the community at large. 
Some (me may ask ; if this is so, why 
is it that so many experienced railroad 
men give the cold shoulder to, and in 
every way discountenance the associa- 
tion? A truthful answer t-> this is 
that the *' so many experienced rail- 
road men,'' are not near half so many 
as they were three years ago, and are 
growing beautifully less every day.- 
And not unfrequently it is the case 
that they are men who neither preach, 
practice, nor regard our beautiful 
motto : Sobriety, Truth, Justice and 
Morality. But it is not my intention 
to enter into any discussion with re- 
gard to the merits or demerits of any 
objections which may be raised to our 
organization, but would most respect- 
fully refer all objectors to the unprece- 
dented success of the (Mer, and to 
the unlimited respect and favor with 
which it is received where it is best 
known, for a conclusive answer. In 
one of your letters to me you ask 
what the prospect is for starting a 
Division here. We would not be able 
to do it here just at present ; all with 
whom I have talked are favorable to 

organizing, but all are not eligible to 
membership, besides we are scattered 
around in so many different places we 
should hardly be able to get a sufficient 
number together to -organize. "We 
shall watch the opportunity and make 
application as soon as practicable. 

Oregon is taking long and rapid 
steps in railroading, and at the pres- 
ent rate will soon be able to count the 
miles of railroad within her boardera 
by the hundreds. The Oregon Steam 
Navigation Oo., were the first to build 
a railroad in the State, and have but a 
few miles in use ; and then the Oregon 
and California Bailroad Co., second in 
commencing, but pre- eminently first in 
public improvements, and in the in- 
terests of the traveling ]public, have 
built, equiped, and have in dailv use 
eighty miles of first class raOroad, the 
bridges are the Howe Truss pattern, 
built of the best material and work- 
manship by Mr. J. B. Keepers. The 
rolling stock consists of five new Bald- 
win locomotives, one second-hand 
Hinkley, two passenger coaches, two 
very fine baggage cars with express and 
distributing mail rooms, besides box- 
stock, and platform cars sufficient to 
do all the business offered at present 
And last, but not least, the Presdent's 
car, which is really a fine car, built 
expressly for the use of the President 
of thecompanv, and if we ever felt 
proud it was when that car was coupl^ 
into our train, and a few invited guests 
were taking a pleasure ride with Ore* 
gon's railroad king, Ben HoUaday. The 
officers of the road are Ben Holladay, 
President; Wm. L. Halsey, Vice 
President ; A. G. Ganningham, Secre- 
tary; Geo. W. Weidler, Cashier and 
Purchasing Agent; EL P. Rogers, 
General Freight and Ticket Agent ; H. 
Thielson, General Superintendent; J. 
L. Hallett, Assistant Superintendent ; 
J. P. Laird, M. M. The company in- 
tend to build an indefinite amount of 
road this season, and connect with the 
California affd Oregon Railroad, as 
soon as possible. So much for the 0» 
&C. R. R Now comes the North 
Pacific Railroad Ck>mpany, which has 
oommeneed operations in earnest with 
a starting point at Kaisma, W. T., a 
few miles from here down the Colum- 

Digitized by 




bia Biyer. They have a large party of 
engineera, with J. P. Kidder of Syra- 
cnse in oharge of the party, surveying 
the weBt end of the road ; also a large 
force of choppers and graders. Every- 
thing in that direction goes to show 
that the N. P. Go, mean bnsiness, and 
that without delay. There is also a 
company formed here known as the 
WiUiamette VaUey R. W. Co. , which 
intend to build and equip the first sec- 
tion of twenty miles this summer, and 
as Ben HoUaday is President of the 
company it is sufficient guarrantee of 
its success. There is also a road in 
contemplation between this place and 
Astoria, but nothing very definite yet 
about that. The question will very 
naturally arise in the minds of engi- 
neers and other men, if there is so 
much work going on in Oregon, can I 
go there and find a good job ? My 
answer is, there wiU be good jobs here 
for many, but who the fortunate ones 
will be remains to be seen. We all 
know that every railroad official has 
his especial acquaintances and friends 
who would stand a better chance of 
getting the place than a stranger. 
Every man coming here at present to 
ran a locomotive should have some 
other business or means of making a 
living, for in nine oases in ten he will 
have to wait a few weeks or months 
for a job to grow up or for a vacancy 
to occur. I do not want to discourage 
anyone from coming to Oregon, but 
better do that than have men come 
here and be as badly disappointed and 
discouraged as some that I have seen 
here. But I fear that I have already 
trespassed too much upon your time, 
although there are many tnings con- 
nected with this country, climate, etc. , 
which would be interesting to your 
readers, I must close by sending you 
my best wishes for the success of 'the 
JouBNAii, and a friendly fraternal 
greeting to the Brotherhood generally. 
C. W. Traoy, 
Div, No. 47, B. of L. E. 
• ^ • 

Tb« following addidooal turns have been r^ 
*"i^*T (^' «peeial purpQae rinoe last report: 

DiviEion No. 113..,..„ $ 5 00 

•' 32 15 CO 

" 18 50 00 

Total f70 00 


How fearlessly the iron steed 

Speeds o'er the Railroad traok; 
One good and faithfdl man has need 

To ride upon his baek. 

One steady hand to guide the reins. 

And check his onward course; 
For he must need to have clear brains. 

To rule his **iron horse." 

See how he glides along the rail. 

Quite heedless of the storms ; 
Bearing his burden without fiAil, 

In myriads of forms. 

How many loads of human freight. 

Are borne to distant homes ; 
When, if onoe beneath his ponderous weight,. 

They're earned to their tombs. 

An engineer, sober and observent. 

Will manage him with skill; 
And find a good and trusty servant, 

Obedient to his will. 

« «, ... , Jetnib. 

Fort Wayhe, Ind. 

l>oiin Toaeh It ! 


0. fHend, don't yon touch it or taste it; 

There's death in its sparkle and foam : 
One drink, and that demon may grasp you,. 

Who desolates many a home. 
Beware of the tempest that gathers. 

Awaiting the mandate to sweep 
O'r life's fields of beauty and gladness, 

And leave you in sorrow to weep. 

Your lips so near tpuching the beaker* 
Keep pure fVoni its terrible stain ; 

The purpose, the strength of a nation. 
To cleanse its pollution were vain. 

That cup holds a poison so deadly, 
No skill can its raging control; 

It palsies the system it enters- 
It ruins the hope of the souL 

Back— back— turn away from the oharmer— 

To #od and to heaven be true; 
To quaff this will only unfit you 

For work you're appointed to do. 
Turn first from the demon who tempts you« 

Then boldly and steadily stand. 
And battle his legions now sweeping 

With pestilence over the land. 

A. Wallace expelled in May JoTjft- 
KAL. This is a mistake. 

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LooouonvB mrannsBBfl' 

BAt/rtHOBB, Aoril 16, 18 71* 
Messrs, Wilson k Fellows : — Again 
E seafc m^olf to giye a little more of 
mj experienoe in times past, in some- 
thing that may be interesting to the 
readers of the Journal. In my last I 
•gave yon my experienoe as a firoEnan 
on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. 
I now leave the road and go into the 
cnaohine shop, as an apprentice to the 
machine business under the snperyis- 
aon of Mr. T. Perkins, who was master 
of machinery at that time. I entered 
my apprenticeship March 27th, 1846, 
and served three years on looomotiye 
snachinery, and during the time I was 
in the shops I was changed abont from 
one part of machinery to another until 
I became pretty well acquainted with 
«the different parts of a locomotive. I 
was afforded a very good chance by 
Mr. Perkins and Mr. Samuel J. Hays, 
who is at present master of machinery 
of the Illinois Central Railroad at 
Ohicago. At the time of my appren- 
tticeship Mr. Hays was a^isistant M. M. 
>ander Mr. T. Perkins. They were both 
good friends to me and treated me 
well. I don't profess to be as good a 
mechanic as I might have been had I 
continued and followed up the machine 
business. But as I was raised in the 
country, and being used to out-door 
texercise, the confinement to the shop 
•did not agree with my health, I there- 
»fore put my mind to another branch 
>of business, of which you will hear 
from me in my next. I have had a 
Tight smart experience on the differ- 
•ent parts of mcichinery of locomotive 
And stationary engines that is, work- 
ing on and running lathes and planers 
.and other machinery in the shop. I 
thave learned three different trades 
since I came into this company's ser- 
Tice, though I am no ways conceited 
in any one of the three. The first 
trade is that of fireman of a locomo- 
tive engine , the next a machinist ; 
4he third one is that of a locomotive 
engineer. But I will not say anything 
on that subject at present. My friends, 
it is wonderful when a man reflects 
-back on his past life from boyhood up 
to forty or forty- five years, to see the 
•change and progress of time and dif- 
ierence of things, as well as in the 

man from boyhood. Now when I en- 
tered this company's service I was bat 
a poor boy from the country withoat 
father or mother, and without educa- 
tion, and when I entered on mj^ ap- 
prenticeship, if anyone had written 
my name and placed it before me, I 
could not have told what it was. Bat 
thank God, while I was at my trade I 
found a friend who took that mush in- 
terest in me as to give me a chaoce to 
learn to write, andfrom practice I did 
learn. I do not speak of this as to 
brag of myself, but to show what a 
person can do by applying their mind 
and practiceing duving tneir leisure 
hours. I have spoken of being a poor 
boy when I came into the service of this 
company. I don't wish any one to think 
I have become rich in the service of 
the company, but I can make out to 

?:et an honorable living for myself and 
amily. I wish to say something ,in 
regard to the changes on this road 
from the time I went into the shops 
up to the present tima The workshoiw 
of that day were of a very poor char- 
acter compared to what the^ are at the 
present day, and also the diffdrence of 
machines and tools in those sheps. At 
Mount Clare, which is the headquarters 
of the company's shops, there were 
two or three small buildings, part 
brick, and part wood. Those three 
shops included madkine shop, black- 
smith shop, and iron foundry. In the 
machine shop there were a few lathee 
and planers and drill press, and a small 
stationary engine of about twenty- four 
horse power to drive the machinerr, 
and also to give blast to the black- 
smith shop, and then there was a small 
carpenter shop, and one or two small 
houses for engines. The road at that 
time was in two divisions from Balti- 
more to Cumberland. The first run 
from Baltimore to Sandy Hook Wash- 
ington Maryland, there the company 
had a small repair shop. Engines run 
from Baltimore te this place and then 
here were another set of engines 
which took the trains on to Cumber- 
land, there the company had another 
repair shop. Then in the year 1849 
the company made Martinsburg a first 
class station and built up some very 
fine shops at thai place, and about 

Digitized by 




1851 and 1852 thej ran the vosd 
thronirk from Oamberland to Wheel* 
ing. West Virffinift. 

I ekMe m&iiT joar nexfc namber and 
remain jonrs f raieraaUy, 

Gno. W. HvBDLV, 
Sonih Baltimore Dit. Na 97 B.of L.E. 

Think of the FaUeiu 

Brothers, as I conld not remember 

When £ Ust uw » line. 
Writtan by « bi other belooging 

To oar noble Division Twenty-Nine. 

So I will write to my brother 
Ensineers— yes hear me one and all. 

And think of all those 
That so lately did ihll. 

I hare so ^ten wished 

That the time soon would be 
When no names in »he list of 

Expolsions we oould fee. 

Bat 0, 1 have wished, 

Tes, I hare wished in va;n, 
For the counting of the March list 

Shows twenty-four plain. 

And if they keep on for 

Twelve months at tbis rate 
Our numlier will be short 

Just two hundred and eighty-eight 

Some are expelled for bad conduct. 
And another while on duty was drunk ; 

And another for carelessly neglecting 
The duty of using his pumps. 

One has been detected in the 

Horrible erime to defraud— 
Then others for earelessly neglecting 

To comply with our by-lawi. 

I hope there is not 

Amongst us another left— 
That will ever be expelled 

For the shamefhl deed of theit. 

0, how sad, and how sorry 

It makes us all feeU 
To think we had one 

In our ranks that would steal. 

Bat, if in time, one more 

We should ever discover. 
We wil^ turn him out— Yes, 

We never will own such a brother. 

— AKKOjr. 

(}u as Fail for LoeenetlTef. 

A new eia has amved in regard to 
f aai for steam boilers, and I hare no 
donbt bat what it will be entirely prac* 
tioable to use in looomotiyes. 

The Illinois Central Railroad Com- 
psnj are using petrolenm gas in their 
stationary boiler "^nd in their forge as 
a snbstitate lor ooaL 

I was at OhioAgo a few days sinoe, 
and visited the shops of the L 0. R. 
B. Ck>. Mr. Geoxge Holton called my 
attention to the stetionary boiler. It 
is a large flae boiler, same style as osed 
in locomotiTes ; the fire box is lined 
with fire brick and a brick arch is used 
similar to those in coal f amaces. . The 
object of the brick is te direct the flame 
of the gas in such a way as to prodnoe 
perfect combustion. 

Only four small jets of gas are need, 
yet it is amply sufficient to keep a uni- 
form pressure of steam. The brick 
are not injured by the heat, and would 
probably last for years. 

It is no more trouble to attend to 
this boiler than it is to regulate a gas- 
burner in your house. The pump 
properly set and the gas regulated, it 
will run for an indefinite length of time 
without any attention. 

The gas is manufactured out of refuse 
oil and does not cost as much as coal. 
Mr. Holten is of the opinion that it 
will not injure the plates or flues of 
the boiler in any way ; the flues are as 
clean as any new boiler, and there is 
no smoke escaping from the chimney. 
In my opinion this is the greatest 
discovery of the age, and I confidently 
believe that it will work an entire rev- 
olution in the article of fuel for maa- 
uf jcturing and transportetion pur- 

A locomotive burning this gas would 

Digitized by 



LoooMonvB mroiraiBS' 

not require any oontraotion in the ex- 
haust pipes to produce combustion , 
and it would be entirely free from all 
smoke. No fires could be set beside 
the traek by sparks. A dummy engine 
could be constructed to bum gas, that 
would not be any more objeetionable 
in the streets' of a city than an ordinary 
street car. 

In short, this important inyention 
wUl make steam power practicable in 
many places and for many purposes 
that have been considered impractica- 
ble heretofore. 

Notwithstanding all the advantages 
that can be gained from gas for steam 
purposes, they are small when com- 
pared to the advantages obtained in 
the iron forge. Mr. Holton informed 
me that much more and far better 
work could be performed with gas than 
ooal, and at a great reduction in cost. 

We advise every person visiting Chi- 
cago, that is interested in steam, or in 
the manufacture of iron, to call at the 
Illinois Central Railroad shops, and 
witness the truly wonderful heat and 
power obtained from this hitherto 
almost worthless refuse oil. 


May 10, 1871. f 
Mb. Wilson :— Hearin' that you was 
a sort of cheef of the ing^neers, I thort 
i would rite to u on a subjick that i am 
rite smartly interested in though i dont 
no as u keer if I am, howsomever i will 
rite, the subjick on which i want to 
tork is this, I use to hav a fn cows but 
i aint got none now aint got nothin 
but to little heffer cafes an they dont 
giv enny milk tho may by tha wil after 
a while an thats the resoo i am ritin to 
u i want u to use yure inflewence with 
the ingin boys and try to get them to 
giv my cows time to git ofT the trac B 
4 tha pass. 

the last ole cow i had got in the wa 
the other da an along cum 1 of the 
steam cars an nocked her in to eternity 

tn quick ta tork about Pore old 
thing she was a faithful ole critter, xni 
little children wil suffer for the irad 
batter milk she use to giv. bat it is 
sum consolashun to no it was not xne 
insted nv ole rose, that was her name 
i dont no how she got it for she 'wa» 
black as sut. What i baited moet "was 
informin the ole woman i noed l&er 
pashence was wore out with havin cows 
kiled and that tu for half price, ^vell 
i noed she would find it out about 
milkin time ef not B 4 an then the devil 
wood be to pa an pnthin but a cow cud 
pa the bil an i didot hav the chiuiga So 
after du cunsideration i cunduded i 
wood go up an put on a biled shirt an 
go over tu nabor Qriffiin*s and ta or 
3 more nabors and git am tu valy ole 
rose, but B 4 i started 1 tole the ole 
woman that ole rose was ded an gen- 
tul-men how mad she got, i cant begin 
to describe it unless a was marred an 
when u was gone somebody tole yare 
wife about yure making luv to sum of 
the far seeks then u hav sum ideor of 
how mad a women can git thats abont 
as mad as the ole woman was and the 
last i heard was she wished thar never 
hadder bin no rail rode that all twas 
gud for was tokil peoples cows and she 
wished it would blow up from 1 end to 

Wei i got my cow valied and tha pat 
it up to a verry far price but when ole 
Nosy came along pain for stock kild he 
wouldnt giv but half price, now a c 
thar is whar the trubble cnms in if i 
cud git full valiation for my cows icud 
afford tu by up stock just for the boys 
to hav thar fun nockin um orf bat a c 
i dont, an u no (if u dont i do) it takes 
an ole clod hopper a long time to dig 
enuff munny out uv the grown to by a 
haf a cow. 

i eckspeckyure advice to me wood be 
to sew the cumpany but i tride that for 
mi fast cow that was kild an it was like 
the injins gun, it cost more than it cum 
to. u mite proberble advise me to 
tork to the engineers miself , well i did 
tri that Sumthin happened to a fel- 
ler rite whar ole rose was kild and he 
had tu stop. So i stepped up to him 
an sed, mr engineer i wish a wood 
sorter look out for mi cov m along hear, 
an he looked around at aie an std if i 

Digitized by 




▼anted nm to mn on that rode i vood 
hftY to giv um a i>ack o oarda. that 
wos pore oonaolation for me an i went 
or! wondering whot a cow oonld doo 
with a pack o cards or enny other 

annowmr wilsonin elosin this let- 
ter i want to entcete a not to forget 
me, an tell all the bois for the sake nr 
gad fat beef to quit killin mi cows, i 
no that ingineers hav a heap nv little 
things to vex them bat i no thej are 
gad hearted fellers and if n will tork 
to am i think it will hay the desired 

i ase to no a feller that ran the rode 
B 4 the wor his naim was Gas ■ 

i dont want to oorl enny naims for if i 
did a wood think i was personal, the ole 
woman aezs if he was hear now her 
cows woodnt be batohered np in cole 
blood, bat he aint hear now, he refa- 
geed orf when the yankees cam in an i 
aint seed him since. We Mr close by 
the layin over place an Gas nsetocam 
to oar hoas everr sanday. he was a 
bolly boy, and when his ole engine 
com bacc from dioksy me an bil (thats 
mi oldest boy) ose to ran to the rode 
eviy time we heard her blow to see if 
gos was on her, bnt no gas has cam 
yit. i axed a feller aboat him an he 
sed he was captared in south oalliner 
by a lady an sed he had been in prison 
erer sinoe. sez i what do n meen. 
aez he i meen he is marred- sez i har- 
raw for gas i hope he ma be blest with 
a dozen lit^ gasses and evry 1 nv nm 
JQst like him. 

Mr. Wilson pleese excose orl mis- 
takes in spellin an ritin and beleeve me 
to be ynre well wisher, &c., 

John Gubbbobabbb. 

Bbothbb LoooMonvB EsraniBBBS : 

Permit me thus to address yon by 
this homelike appellation, for I have 
been the wife of an engineer fifteen 
years; conaeqaently feel perfectly at 
home among the Order. Though you 
may think me vain and fall of conoisit, 
yet I assore yon Ifeel proad and high- 
ly honored to be within the circle of 
tiie honorable Brotherhood of Locomo- 
tive Engineers. How it makes my 
heart r^oioe to yiew in the f atnre the 
high eminence and position yon are 
destiQed to oceapy if yon will perse* 

vereingly cany oat the principles of 
y oar Order . Let the politician groyel 
and pander to the masses, and by 
stooping conqmer and attain their 
laurels. Let those in high positions 
rack their brain, and by fraud and cor- 
ruption strive to hold their positions, 
assuming authority and trampling 
upon the rights of those more deserv- 
ing than they; yet the rising mechani- 
cal genius of our country must and 
will rise superior in spite of all obsta- 
dles. Lift your heads high. Look to 
your motto, "Sobrie^ Trath, Jus- 
tice and Morality.'' liive «p to the 
standard of your rule, ''Do unto others 
as you would that others should do 
unto you ,*' and so fulfill the law. You 
have achieved quite a victory. When 
you have learned to manage the fiery 
steed, when he who stands at the 
throttle, and while ranning, no matter 
at what speed, can tell when the most 
minute part of the machinery con- 
nected with his iron horse is wrong or 
out of order, we are ready to cxdum, 
'*Man the noblest work of God'a crea- 
tive power," and certainly the engineer 
ranks among the noblest But my 
heart saddens when I think, with all 
the honor attached to the calling, it is 
one of constant peril to the engineer, 
and of unceasinganxiety to the loved 
ones at home. How long and lonely 
the time seems, when that loyed one 
has gone to carry his load of passen- 
gers or freight to their destination our 
eyery breath should be a prayer for 
their safety. Brother Engineer, how 
necessary that you should be a Ohris- 
tian, so that if the messenger call for 
you at the hour of midnight he may 
find you with your lamps trimmed ana 
burning, for yon know not when itmay 
be said of you, he has run his last trip; 
his spirit was ushered into eteraitj 
without a moments warning. "Quit 
you like tnen, be strong," and the 
blessings of heayen and the heartfelt 
gratitude of our best citizens will be 
awarded to you. 

Division 69, of which my husband is 
a member, is in a flourishing condi- 
tion, and has the names of many good, 
brave and trae-hearted men enrolled 
upon its books. Suooes to the Broth- 
hood* I say. EiocA. 

Digitized by 




To the^Engliieers, 


Gather them tnm theEafltand Weet. 

The steam triumphant brood. 
And hoard them in your nourWng bnatt, 

mighty Brotherhood, 

There's many sways the iron beam 

Outside your f uiding ranks. 
And whiskey's Breath instead of steam 

fieayes out the iron eranks. 

But yon will teach them how to sway 

The iron chieftain's power, 
Tospeed them flying o'er the way. 

Without a dang'rous hour. 
Look, yonder flies a puffing steed. 

With thousand lives behind. 
The wretch that rules her takes no heed. 

For whiskey's made him blind. 

The wheels defy the itaser's eye 

To catch them as they turn. 
While straight before they all descry 

A bridge with fire doth bum. 

Shouts ring on shouts, redoubled yelli. 
Pierce through the sounding air. 

To stop the enirine's maddened wheels. 
And check the dire despair. 

Young loyerB shriek their piteous cries. 

To loyers far away. 
And matrons', Others' prayers arise. 

To shield them on this day. 

In vain I a drunken wretoh does hold 

The engine's guiding beam. 
Shaped by whiskey' poisonous mouldi 

He lets her have the b 

Nearer, nearer gleams the fire. 
With dangerous dead'ning glare, 

Its stifling lumoB do all oonspure 
To lay the danger bare. 

E'en now he could his courser check. 
And save the death>boand crowd. 

But whiskey's turned his brutal neck 
From eff the fi'ry shroud. 

They plunge into this fire and smoke, 

Into the heart of flame. 
And thousands last ezplriav spoke, 

*'The engineer's to Uame." 

But one survi ves, and he reports. 

And his report is good. 
The one that sought these fi'ry courts 

Denied oar brotherhood. 

But see, just sweeping 'round the bend 

Upon another road. 
An engine bright from end to end. 

Pulls an a IiTing load. 

The smoke curls forth in graceful swellf , 
And borsta in floating spheres. 

And piles them in sweet miiy dells, 
And drirer awar onr ftMs, 

The ridsr of this made fleed 
^JPeera futtiik alcmg,the rails : ^ 
His eya and hands m ready n^, 
If he should meet with gales. 

P^hape he will! .Ye8,^ye8. he wiU! 

See, yonder biasing far. 
WThere fire-tongues taste Uie bridge's sill. 

And threatOBs every oar. 

He sees, and though he's near at hand. 

And knows how fast he flies, 
let fear has not his frame once scanned. 

And prudence's in his eyes. 

With poweribl arm he shuts her nil. 
And checks her lightning speed. 

And half a mile he stops to sooiT 
The fi'ry conqueror's broed. 

His load of mortals make applausew 

To him the hero guide. 
Who saved them from destruction's claws. 

Which does not laise his pride. 

No. no! he has a higher pride 
Than they could eWgive food ; 

A bulwark, tHat they'd scarce deride. 
The saving Brotherhood. 

Then gather them from the East and West.! 

The steam triumphant*)rood. 
And hoard them in your nour'shing breast 

A mighty Brotheriioed. 

— ■ m ^ m — 

March 26, 187L 
Ebxtobs JouBNAL :— I noticed in the 
March number of yoor erer welcome 
and spicy Joubiuul, a very well written 
and pleaaing story, entitled "The 
Ghost on the Tender.'' It natoxmlly 
^not being a believer in each strange 
lantioies), struck me as being a queer 
place for a ghost to exhibit himself, 
and supposing that some old engineer 
not finding any raUroad in the other 
worldy had received permission to 
once more revisit the old scenes and 
take a ride for the sake of olden times. 
How disappointed I felt when I found 
it was only <'a fine old Irish hKly." 
All honor, however, to the old lady for 
choosing such a nice wana place* for 
no doubt if she had been wandering 
around in this sphere any length of 
time, she had become chilled with the 
night air, and being awi^ from the 
fire for some time, no doubt^ and see- 
ing the light as the f umaoe door was 
opened, made for her natonl element, 
for it is said that none but those who 
inhabit tiiieinfemal regions are allowed 
to oome back to the scenes of their 

Now as this story was written for 
facts, I wish to ask the "Old Engineer" 
a lew qneations. W^at road were you 
on whose the President gave orden 
foe the running of trains ? and why 
was an exeorsioa train running on 

Digitized by 




your time ? uid eren if yon bad this 
strange preeentiment that all was not 
Tight^ whj instead of baoking up yonr 
tiain, did yoa not stop and send a 
man ahead to see what wi^b the matter? 
Again* what kind of wheels were on 
that box car, for you speak of tyres ? 
And how did yon move on to the next 
station when the traok was torn up so 
badly, for yoa say nothing about re- 
pairing it. Now my idea of it all is 
that it is onW a romanoe, or as it is 
sometimes called, 

'Tafent of goldMi dnams, 
Ai3uq>ieioiiB Qomd of ohildiih joyi 
Who lead'st along in any danoe, 
The FotiTo tiain of girls and boys /' 
If not this then lam afraid that my 
"Old Engineer" has been out to an 
Irish mike, and after imbibing too 
mach of the **real old stuff," had 
retired in a rather dubious frame of 
mind, in which he dreamed strange 
dream% and in his distorted fancy saw 
the old woman sure enough. 

Bock Island, III. 

Watbb VAiiiiET, Miss. , ) 
May 15th, 1871. \ 

Metsra. Wikon k FeUotoi ; 

By a constant perusal of your Jour- 
nal I am sadly convinced that nothing 
has vet appeared from Division No. 99, 
of which my husband is a member; and 
feeling it encumbent for some one to 
ten of its prosperous condition, I will 
attempt the pleasant task. But I will 
first ask if I am encroaching any on 
"man's rights." If so I ask many par- 
dons, and will in future remain silent. 

Tlds Division consists of nearly forty 
members, all of whom are regular 
machinists and characterized by tern- 
perance, industry and cheerfulness. 
For promptness of duty they have no su- 
perior, and still we never see an artide 
from them. Intelleol is not wanting, 
but only that prindple of which our 
sex are all endowed — self-oonfldence. 
Now, Div. 99, your wives do not so. 
cheerfully give their consent for you 
to shaze the few leisure moments you 
have, with yonr Locomotive Brotiiers, 
without some hope of being rewarded 
by a cheerful report of your condition. 

and your gradual rise in the ranks of 
social position. We feel the slur sen- 
sibly of * 'nothing but an engineer's 
wife," and in behalf of all I beg to 
make the effort to ascend the banner 
which has been erected by Pride and 
place Labor instead of Fashion as the 
rulioff monarch. The motto yon have 
so judiciously chosen is the grand step- 
ping stone to this position. Preserve 
it carefully, and he who possesses the 
four characteristics will be sought by 
those who prize a true man. Your 
rough hands, sunburned brow, and 
greasy coat will not then be looked at» 
bat your noble heart will send forth an 
influence none can resist 

But I will not trespass longer on you» 
or claim too much space in your dear 
JovKSAL, for it is quite a small book 
as yet, all owing, I suppose, to want of 
more contributors. 

Should I hear nothing from our 
Division soon, I will make a second at- 
tempt to awaken them to a sense of 
duty. With many kind wishes for the 
advancement of the B. of L. £., I sub- 
scribe myself an engineer's wife. 



Nbw Yobk City Divmioir. 
105 B. OF L. E 
Mat 15, 1871 

Broi. WHion St FtUowi: 

11 Schoolboy would take a ride on 
an engine of some of the railroads 
leading out of Baltimore he would be 
able to ascertain what amount of steam 
they generally carry when their pumps 
or pump begms to feed the boiler. It 
cannot make any difference with re- 
gard to the extension of the atmos- 
phere in height, or how it is gradua- 
ted by pressure, in order to cueulate 
how much water there is in this world 
of ours, or to multiply it eighteen hun- 
dred times. In regard to the extension 
of the atmosphere in height, philoso- 

Ehers and mathematicians cannotagree; 
ut Schoolbov can take this one and 
workit from these figures : Thus, if on 
the surface, the mercury be at 80 inches 
at 1,060 feet, at 28«91 inches at2,000 
feet, 27.86 inches at 3,000 feet, 26.85 
inches at 4,000 feet, 25.87 inches at 
5,000 feet, at one mile 2167 inches, at 

Digitized by 



LoooHonvB SNarnioBS' 

2 miles 20.29 inohed, at 5 miles 11.28 
inohest at 10 miles 4.24 inohes, at 15 
miles 1.60, at 20 miles 0.9 inches, at 30 
miles 0.08 inches, at 40 miles 0.012. 
This is worked on the stipp#sition that 
the density of the atmosphere is equal- 
ly dense everywhere. I hope these 
mgnres will be interesting to some of 
oat Brothers, or be corrected by dif • 
ferent authors. I should like to have 
Schoolboy's opportuni^ to attend 
school, and I hope he will improve his 
time to an advantage to himself, his 
teachers and his parents, and also to 
the community at large. Wishing you 
all success in all your undertakings, 
and my highest regards to all the 
readers of the Joubwal, and also to 
the lady contributors, and to the pro- 
moters of temperance and divine rignts, 
which Uy open to us all, I bid you all 
good-bye. Yours fraternally, 

YorNO EkGIKSBB of THB OIiD Hablem. 

OAiiZOO.-^We remember when a boy, 
of reading a story in rhyme, which in 
aubstance was like this : A man who 
was an inveterate hater of women, 
had a son, whom he resolved should 
never see a woman until he was old 
enough to detect the evil in, and 
therefore shun her. To accomplish 
this object he promised his boy if he 
would remain shut out from the world 
until he was eighteen years old, he, 
the father, would give him whatever 
he desired. At the close of his novi- 
tiate, the father accompanied the son 
in the world to give him an opportu- 
nity of selecting his reward, carefully, 
however, avoiding the society of wo- 
men. I>uring their peregrinations 
the boy espied a pretty girC and im- 
mediately cried out, ''see, father, 
what is that ?" <'It is the devil," re- 
plied the sire. After a somewhat pro- 
tracted examination of nature, art and 
the world generally, the twain repaired 
to the parental mansion, and the father 
then proposed to fulfill his promise by 
asking his son : "Well, what shall i 

five you?'* ''If you please, father, 
'11 take the devl(" was the natural 
answer. Trv as you ma^, there is no 
such thing thing as keeping boys away 
from calico. 

Sakbubt, April, 12th 18T1, 
WaaoN k FheiLowb : — 
As I am a regular reader of the 
Monthly Journal and value it yer^ 
highly, and I hope you will not think 
I am intruding, for as I read tfaemanj 
letters from engineers wives, I never 
see any from our noble Division No. 
98, of which my a member. 
I hope to see more in the Journal from 
the wives of engineers for I think it 
would encourage them, what would 
please them more than to see a few 
words in the Journal from their wives, 
in behalf of their noble cause to bid 
them God Speed, I hope there is n» 
engineer who does not read the Jour- 
nal, for it is both interesting and use- 
ful. I hope the Brotherhood may 
ever prosper and may their beautiful 
motto forever remain untarnished, 


■ • ^ > ■ -■■ 

Substitute fob Lubbicatobs.— A re- 
cent London invention aims at the entire 
abolition of oils and all other lubricating 
materials for boxes, slides, and every con- 
dition of motion where metallic friction 
is to be overcome or expected. It is 
claimed that such a result has been fully 
accomplished, and that there are engines 
now running with the new material, 
which the proprietors aver have worked 
to complete satisfaction for several 
months. It is the result of tae experi- 
ments of a scientific and practical man, 
who has spent years in the investigation 
of physical forces and their effects, with 
especial reference to metals. The exact 
nature of the invention is not wholly 
made known, but it is stated in a general 
way, that the discovery — which has re- 
ceived the name of metalline — consists 
of such combinations and manipulations 
of various metallic substances as to 
make a surface on which the ordinary 
axles, cranks, pins, slides, etc., of iron, 
steel, brass, or any other metal, will run 
with much less friction, without Beat that 
comes within the possibility of danger, 
and without an increase-^in fact an ac- 
tual decrease is claimed— of the motive 
power used. 

Gbavd Dues and Wikows and Orphan's 
Fund were due Januarv Ist, il871. We 
hope every Division will see that all their 
accounts are sqcare in time for our an- 
nual report. 

Digitized by 


MMniT jounrAL. 


A Sur. — WImh we m- 
knowledge that drankeimeM it ft dii- 
«iM» let OS not forget iluit it ie alio a 
on. No nuoi is f oieed to beoome a 
dntnkard; he dxinks to exoeM with hia 
ejee open, with his haada freei with 
hia oonaoienoe upbraiding him, nntil 
he drowns it in the bowL He volon- 
laril^ Borrenders his reason, his taste, 
his jndgment, his health, his chano- 
ter and his oonscienoe on the altar of 
appetite; and is not that a sin? He 
knows that his habits of indulgence 
will diaqnaiify him for the peitom« 
ance of the duties of child, husband, 
parent and citizen, and while they 
deaden the faculties which elevate him 
above the dumb beast, they intensify 
and quicken all the animal and brutal 
instincts of degraded humanity; and 
is not that a sin? Yes. 

Cbioago, Iix., ) 
March, 19, 187L \ 
Mbmstb. Wilton <ft Fdlows: 

HsTing been a constant reader of 
your valuable Joubnaij, and not hear'> 
ing any^ing from Division No. 10, I 
thouffht I would try and see what I 
oonld do. Ever since my father was 
taken away I thought I must try and 
write a little for the good of the ijoco- 
motive Engineers. I think it is one 
of the best institutions a man ever 
went into, and there is not to be found 
in any land« a more steady and up- 
right class of men than the Brother- 
hood of Locomotive Engineers. 

Father joined the Brotherhood last 
N May, and little did we think that ere 
November should come, we should be 
oalled to piurt with one we loved dear- 
est on earth, never to see his face 
Again. But God called him home 
from all his toils to the better land, 
where we hope to meet him when our 
days are done on earth. I hereby ac- 
knowledge the receipt of his insurance 
money, which was $2,816,00, and am 
very thankful for it, and hope to live 
to see the Brotherhood of Locomo- 
tive Engineers respected as they 
should be. 

Hoping to hear something from 
Division No. 10, I remain, 
Yours Fraternally, 

Jambs Cbapmait. 

Il»r A Watefc. 

To ran, or not to run; thaff tko qneilioa:'— 

Whether it U bettor to f t»iid aloof. 

And keep oonelrei «bove the grois and fiiil 

BBtansieiBOBti of nuainc^-or to ran— 

And In doing to, we do but elianoe to iHn— 

b a theme deroutly to be studied! 

A wateh of gold-jeweled— many oarati fines 

Valne, two hnadred, fire and twentj doUan; 

Ko inoonfiderable sum I grant you. 

And 'tis worth a mnning for. Let's aee for 

Good friends I bare in scores; generous aU. 
And liberal to a fault; to hare me win. 
They'd giro their utmost dollar; and berides. 
From mine own purse I may dare to Tonture 
At least an hundred. I'll ran; ran to win; 
To win? perohanoe toloeel Ay, there's the rub; 
For what frienda may, in eanvaiing. prore folaa* 
And say, **if he so badly wants a watoh. 
Let him. like others, purehase it himself," 
Must giye us pause. Yet there's the lespeot 
That makes it pleasurable to run ; 
For who would risk to bear the slurs and jeers 
Incident to a sore and sour defeat; 
The enemy's laugh, the false fHend's ehuokle. 
The true friend's remorse, the defiant crow. 
And all the thousand little outs and gibes. 
That fketted looters o' the haughty winners take ; 
But that the thing that gtitters, the hope to win. 
To wear, to have, possess -spurs up the will. 
Intoxicates the mind and makes us djo 
And renture things that otherwise we'd scorn! 
Thus desire doth our better Judgment foil. 
And rsason quick with greed of gain o'ertopped. 
We lose disOTOtion and oonsent to run. 

Address ef the Grand Chaplain. 

BBRHBXir:— In adieesing you to-day as Grand 
Chaplain of B. of L. B., I think it becomes me to 
oohflne my remarks more particular to the grcat 
subject that should occupy all our minds and 
hearts. We are here to participate in a Union Meet- 
ing of the Brotherhood. I see before me. Broth- 
ers from Divisions 52, 97, 38, 98 76, all a con- 
siderable distance firom each other, but so far aa 
our occupations are concerned, with one common 
object in view. If the old adage be true, which 
doubtless is. In union there is strength, let ns 
improTe the present opportunity, not only to 
strengthen the cause of the Brotherhood, but as 
Brothers in deed and in troth, such as will be 
rewarded by our. Oreat Grand Chief when we 
have run our last trip. Some who are present at 
this time, sat with me a little more than a year 
ago, and listened to an able discourse from these 
words : "Godliness is profitable in all things hav- 
ing the power of the life that now is, and of that 
which is to come." This, Brerhren, I have tiled 
and found true in every partienlar. There are 
others present who have known me for many 
years and know fhll wVil that the early days of 

Digitized by 




my railroad life wU rtoklcvs. yrofiuie and intem- 
perate; this I confess with shame. But, Breth- 
ren, the spirit of God, whioh has <Mtlled apon all 
of OS to turn ftom the wajrs of gin and iniquity, 
oeased not to call at the door of my he%rt and 
oonsoienoe to tarn fhim my Iblly. and follow af- 
ter this Godliness. My heart feeli thanklUl to* 
day for that grace that savef all who truly repent 
of their sins, and tarns to the Father, and I am 
here as a witaeei, that a man ean enjor the love 
of God in his heart and be a LoeomotiTO Bn- 
ffineer as well as the merchant, mechanic, farmer 
or in any other capacity. And now, dear Broth- 
ers, let us remember that we are aoooontable 
beings, and thatCkxi will hold us to sooount for 
our actions ; the swearer for his swearing, the 
profane for his profanity, the idolater for his 
idolatry, and for sin, in all its forms, both of 
oommission and omission. Again, suppose yon 
that there are not more enjoyments in the senrioe 
of God, than of the DeviL I tell you be not de- 
ceived, for the man who will Itve Godly in Christ 
Jesos, have the promise * 'Of the life that bow is, 
and of that which is to come.'' Then let us all look 
well at our hearts. A little more than a month 
ago I received a notice that five of oar number 
had fallen by the ruthless hand of death; aeun, 
a few days since, another, that two or three 
more had passed away; they have gone; they 
will meet us no more m Uall below, but if they 
were recipients of that graoe that eavee by faith 
io Christ, we shall meet them, if we are found in 
the fitithfVil discharge of our duties as christians, 
in the great hall of heaven, where Mod's word as- 
aores us that pain, toil, labor, sorrow, affliction 
nor death can never come. But some of you will 
doubtless let these thoughts pass from your 
minds as a tale that you nave otten heard, and 
look for happiness in ^oor youth and health, and 
in the things of thij life, but in this you have not 
the promise. In order that we may enjoy the 
plaaturee of the worid we muft do ae the word of 
God oommands us, *'Seek first the kingdom of 
God and his righteousnoss and all these things 
shall be added unto you." By this we may un- 
derstand that in order to be happy here and 
hereafter, we must seek an Interest in this kimf- 
dom* And now it seems to me, that our duty is 
plain to God. it is equally plain towu^ each 
other, for all the eommandments of God are oon- 
tained in this, that **W% mast love the Lord our 
God with all our soul, mind, and strength and 
our neighbor as ourselves." Also, the Apostle 
has it, if we **iove not our Brotber, whom we 
have seen, how can we love God whom we have 
not seen. " And now I think I have said enough 
on this subject Let me say a few words about 
our beloved order. It appears that it is the duty 
ofall to always keep our acoount square on the 
books; we should attend our stated meetings 
and we should be always ready, and willing* to 
aid our brethren on all occasions, when they shall 
need our help. Now about prompt payments ; if 
we pay quarterly— that amount is small, but if 
we let it run on. the snm becomes heavy. And 
80 fkr as our meeting attendance, the wise may 
^say, that ai iron sharpeneth iron, so the face of a 
firiend. thatof afiriend; therefore we may do a 
great deal of good to each other, always to be 
found at our post. In conclusion, let us walk 
uprightly befbre the community, that they may 
see Locomotive Engineers are men that com- 
mand the respect of all wo may meet ^o are 
making our mark. On many roads they want 
none but Brotherhood men to run their engines. 
Whj is (his 7 Because they know full well that 
oikr efforts are to promote each others' as well as 
their Interests. This should encourage us to 
Mater diligence in the %ture, arid to make our 
best efforts to improve ourselves as engineers. 

nodeUiiMMaBdehristiaiM. I feel 


I speak the truih, when X say the time is fast ap- 
proaching when all prehidice will be removed, 
and omr organisation, known as B, of L. E., will 
stand beiora the community, fair as the moon» 
bright as the sun and terrible as an army with 
banners. In conclusion, I hope what I have saidr 
will be appreciated, as 1 assure you that it cornea 
from a heart that prays for our success as Brother 
Engineers, and that the time may soon oome 
when many of you will be found striving with all 
your hearts to make the last trip sure, when it 
will be said to you, **W ell done, good and faithful 
servants, enter into the Joys of thy Lord."* Thi» 
shall ever be my prayer. 

J.Rat, GC, B.ofL-K 

[From Heading Eagle. 1 

Brotkerhood of LocomotlTe Eogii 


Delegations from Altoena Division No. 44, Bal- 

X.. '^^ '^ion No. 52, HarrifburA Division No. 

a Division No. 104. Philadelphia Di- 
51 and Pottsville Division ^o. 90, 
1 of Locomotive 'Engineers, came 
yesterday, on a visit to Heading Di- 
75, with a view to becoming person- 
oquainted with each other and to in- 
.. kindly sentiments. The delegates ex- 
cepting those from Poitsville and Philadelphia, 
met at Harrisb^rg in the morning, from whence 
they came to Reading in a special train provided 
by Division No. 75, the train arriving at 9:20 a. 

The visiting members numbered about 100, and 
upon their arrival were escorted, by the Commit- 
tee of Reception, to the Hall of Reading Divi- 
sion, Geissler's Building, Penn street above 
Seventh. From thence they marched, at 10 
o'clock, in a body to St Matthew's Lutheran 
Church, on Franklin street above fifth, and at- 
tended divine services. The services were com- 
menced with a voluntary by the choir, **Seek ye 
the Lord." by Baumbaoh, which was followed by 

googrogational singing and by an earnest psayer 
y the pastor. 

Itev. 8. Domer then delivered an eloquent and 
appropriative sermon, from Acts 7:26, **Sira, m 
are brethem; why do ye wronir to one another?" 

He commenced by sayiB|r that every position 
in life has its own peouiarities, its own responsi- 
bilities, its own duties, its own perils, and— its 
own oom^osation. Railroading in all its de- 
partments comes within the operations of the 
same universal law. In the movements of rail- 
way trains this is strikingly apparent. Conduc- 
tor, brakeman, switchman, patrolman—all have 
duties devolving upon them which call for the 
ezereise of the utmost vigilance and care : But it 
is the man who quietly sits upon the box in the 
engine oabin, with his hand upon the throttle 
and his eye steadily fixed upon the road ahead, 
who holds in his hand the lives of those in tho 
rapidly following train, who, by virtue of his re- 
lation to the solemn issues involved, most be re- 
garded as occupying the high plaoa of most im- 
pressive responsibility. ♦ • • xhe ob- 
ject contemplated by your association, as I learn 
from /our official writings, is **to elevate yoor 
standing, improve your ability as engiteers and 

Sour character as men. " The^ are unqueetiona 
ly ohieots worthy ot any olass of iqen, and they 
are worthy of the highest oommendation. In the 
method of the attainment of these noble ol^iects 

Con have adopted a very expressive and oompre- 
ensive motto— **Sobriety, Truth* Jostiee, and 
Morality," and then in order to have no omis- 
sion of lofty principles, but to enoompass every 
virtue^ you have adopted, as the oulounatiiic law. 

Digitized by 




the ereatVastme«ld6BBal6: ^^Do imtDQibers 
as 7<m woDld tnACothrts shoald do uikto you, and 

Tlie Barerand gtotlemftn divided hte diseoune 
M follows : L Xlie one generic thonrht which 
yea have nimed to pat into organic form in yoor 
a Mo eia tion ia thatexpreased by the term **Broth- 
erhood." 2. Tour Brotherhood is one of an im- 
partant limitation, it has a speoifle character. 
deriTed nom the department of indostry and la- 
bor, and thus you an banded together not only 
men* but as men in a partieular avooation of lilb. 
3. Ab a piaotieal (laestion, how many earnest 
matters yon have to engage year thoogfats and 
emuselsras you endeavor to carry out the design 
of your Brotherhood. 4. There is something al- 
most sablime in the very nature of your work- 
There 18 something in the perils to which yon are 
exposed in life and limb which invests yoor work 
witn solemn interest How railroads serve as 
eiviliunc agencies we have fully witnessed in 
what they have done in our own country within 
the last 20 years, but higher than civilization your 
work is connected with grand evolutions of the 
Divme MethodttfiOhristianixing tho world. 

The remarks throogheot wf elp(inent, being 
naught with fine sentiment and langaage, and 
were listened to with the cloicf t attontion. The 
speaker closed with directing his hearers, as a 
a^emd personal consideration, to the fact so well 
known, asd yet m little regarded, that we are ail 
moving fbrward on the train of destiny to our 
home in the spirit world. We are traveling for- 
ward (mampel nri duty and interest are the 
pwallel rails on which our train is moving; the 
Bible IS our headlight, and all on boud are 
sweetly singing "Glory, glory to the Lamb." 
Soon the eity of the Great King shall come into 
view, and her domes and minarets flash oat in 
^e morning light of eternal day; the bells of 
HeaTttB will rmg forth the rapturona news, as we 
carve naoefnlly inte the streets of gold and en- 
tOT.the depot of our weary hopes and expeetations, 
•^lon's pilgnms are safe at home forever." At 
S^.*'*^ ^f the sermon the choir sang that beau- 
dftil seleetion '"Sweet By-and-By," with chorus, 
m a style which charmed ail present and elicited 

After the services the engineers returned to the 
hall on Penn street, and allK o'clock the visitors 
were escorted to the Maasien House, where th^ 
partookof a sami>taous dinner. Tner returned 
home in theevenmg expressing themselves well 
pleased with tbeir visit to Readinff. 


BgAKMTOwif. April 29. 71. 
At a rwlar meetiag of Piv. 127. B. of L. B., 
tne memoers were happily surprised by the pres- 
eneeoftwo worthy sisters, bearing with them a 
bauitifial Bible with the fbUowing letter at- 
tadied : 

2b f4e Q0l«rs and MhU>en <^ Din, 127, B, </ 

Qm»TUMiiN:--We present toyon this Bible as a 
token of pure friendship and respect we have for 
ff'iS'r ^*i?f noble Order, hoping yon may profit 
^ Ua tMMshings. Please accept it wiih oar best 
widies for your prosperity. 

Mxg. BUoGns Wbbb, 
** Bmx RoGBts. 

In behalf of IHv. 127, sisters, we iind (hat words 
eannst «cnre« the feeUng of mtification for the 
warm •▼Meneeof your friendship in donating to 
M yoor beantiful gift. Qua Bibli. and for the 
high appreciation you have for our Order. We 
are vnder obbgations that mere word thanks can- 

not repay. We accept your beautiful gift, hoping 
you may ever have caose to maintain the high 
opinion you have of our Biv. and our Order. 
Please accept our heartlblt thanks. 

A, H. Roman, 
£. tj. ^KW]eLL. 


Hall op Pbnk Trratt. \ 
Div.N(i.7l.B. of L.E.i 

u fi f ^»?!K ',*SJf**.i?®*i^».?» of Division 71, 
held April 10th. 1871, the following resolutions 
were adopted : 

Whkbeas, In the permitted providence of God, 
after a painful sickne s of four months, death has 
taken away our much esteemed and worthy Bro. 
Moses Miliar, Division 71 has lost a worthy mem- 
ber, the wile and children an afi'ectionato hus- 
band and an indulgent father, and society a 
good cttuen, and the railway officials an unusu- 
ally bnght and faithfU engineer of many years' 

jRdvo/eetfr That we stheerely mourn our loss in 
him as a Brother. 

Jiegolved, That his departure from our midst to 
the unknown world, is from the voice of Him 
who commands ••Be ye also ready 1" and though 
we bow down m surrow. yet we humbly submit, 
and in our loss we are warned of our situation, 
and are admonished to prepare for our dissolu- 

B^ved, That we deeply sympathise with »the 
family of our beloved Brpther, and eamestiy pray 
that he who has promised to be a husband to the 
widow and a father to the fatherless, may enable 
tjiem to bewr with humble resignation and chris- 
tian fortitude their sad bereavement, and pat ent- 
ly submit to the Divine Autnority. wh se power 
controls the destinies of all men, and commands 
all thinf B for the go xi of all those who believe in 

ifeM^tMcf, That as a token of our respect to the 
memory of ear departed Bi other, our Hall be 
draped in mourning for the snace of ninety days. 

ge^olvtd That a wy of ttese^ lesolutions be 

grinted m the Pi>/add!pAia Ledqer and in the 
Mdtium Daav Jftntm, also in the hMoisuMs' 
MoHTHLT JOURNAL ; and a copy, with the seal Of 
the Division attached, tnuumitted to the family 
of our deceased Brother. 

/ZwoZrerf, That our dnoere and heartfelt thanks 
are due snd are hereby tendered to A. H. Prssker, 
Esq., MMter of Transportation, and F. Roop 
Bik^., M. M. of the Northern ^enn. Railroad, foi 
their kindness mfhniishingfree transportation 
to.the members 01 Division 71 snd friends of Bro. 
Miller, to attend the funeral, which took place at 
Bethld^em, on Saturday, April 8th, 1871, and we 
as EBfineers do and ever will appreciate their 
acts of kindness. 

Thoicas iKwnr, ) 

R. B. DuKCAK, [ Committee. 

D. H. FowLXR,) 

^ At a rssrnlar meeting of MeadviUe Division No 
^, B. 7 L. R, held April 17th, tS foUowing 
Resolutions were adopted : * 

^BniAS, It has pleased om Heavenly Father 
to impress on our minds that it is appointed once 
for msa to die, death having visited our ranks 
uid taken from our midst a worthy aad esteemed 

WmcRSAs Ttis with feelings of heartfelt sorrow 
and regret that we are called upon to announce 
toe deatii ot our worthy and beloved Brother. 
W. A. Rice, who after long and palnlully suffei^ 

Digitized by 



L060MoavB nraiMiiM' 

ioff with the fatal dInMe eonininption, waa on 
the 7th of April traDsftrred to a better and a hap- 
pier clime, when we hope by toliowinir the nz- 
ample of oar departed Brother to meet him. 

Renlved, That to the bereared widow we tender 
onrBincere and heartfelt lympathyia this her 
hour of sorrow* and fWr eoniolalion eommend her 
to Him who is the Reenrreotion and the Life^ and 
may she meet the lored-one in that spintaal 
bulldinff, not made by hands, eternal in the 

Jieaolved, That in the death of Bro. Rice there 
is a blank made in our midst, that time alone 
can fill, and we hope our temporary loss may 
be his eternal gain. 

Hemdved, That the Hall and Charter ofDirision 
43 be draped in mooming for thirty days, ai a 
token of respect for oar departed Brother. 

RemAved^ That these Resolutions be printed in 
the Enoinrkbs' Journal and a copy presented to 
the widow of the deceased. 


J. A. OooPKB, /Committee 

£. M. CHRI8TI1. ) 


Ihv. No 116 


Dnr. No.10 

5 80 

•» •' 66 


•' 94 «. 

2 0) 

'• " 89 

95 40 


•• 72 


•• •' 61 „. 



" 12 _ 


•• " 6 


" 40 


" '• 123......... 

27 25 


" 63 


" ••113 



•• 71 


•• "103 „.. 

28 25 


'• 7 

: 00 

- •' 65 

50 00 


" 14 


•• " 40 


" 107 


•• " 58 



'• 109 


•• " 83 


" 31 


•* •• 3.... 



" 47. 


•• '* 67 ^ 

1 80 


" 72 


•• " 68 



•' 118 

12 00 

" •* 55 

62 00 

;• 45 


" •• 23 


•• 40...- 

11 00 

" *• 47 

1 80 


" 31 _ 


" •• 59 



•• 96 


•• •• 5... 



•• 104 


•• " 71 



" 27 

15 75 

" •• 23 . 



•' 124 -.. 


•• *• 61 



•• 66 -.. 


- " 3 


- 15 


" " 81 



•' 5 


•' ** 17 

10 00 


•• 9 


•' " 31 



" 7 

48 00 

'» "126 

13 00 


'• 120 

30 75 

•• •' 89 

36 00 


" 16 


•• " 51 «. 



•' 2 

14 00 

•• " 29 



•* 81 


•• •• 78 ».. 



•• 12 

1 00 

'• •• 84 



" 47 


•• •• 47 



•• 69 


•• ** 81 



*• 108 


" •• 7 


" 50 


" " 60 _ 



•' 90 

2 70 

" *• 86 

15 25 




Pond & Co 

$1 06 

L. J. Wheeler.... 

. 2 00 

G. WestfoU 


A. M. MoKenzie 




. 100 

. 100 

Total receipts for ipri] 


L $ 

782 33 

Cash on hand... 

10.858 82 


BXPB2r»«S FOR APRIL. 1871. 


In Division No, 63— Thomas W. Dyer, with- 
drew tojoia No. 64, but hjs a<aln deposited hia 
card with 63. 

Into Division No. 61— J. C. Bacon, from Diri- 
sion No. »2. 

In Division No. 120— Patrick HilU Jno Boarke« 
John Joyce. James Carter, M. S. Hynde and 8. 
B. Hobbs, from Division No. 93. 

In Division Mo. 103— R. Wauirh, /irom Divi- 
sion No. 88. 

In Division Ne. 78— P. IL Tammany, from Di- 
vision No. 44. 

.In Division No. 21— David Husketh. from Di- 
vision No. 69. 

In Division No. 1— J> Benniek. from Division 
No. 68. 

In Division No. 37—11. C. Bursill and Valen- 
tine Lanz, from Divisron No. 49. 

In Division No. 39-Frank Wilson from Divi- 
sion No. 25. 

In Division No. 128— B. N. Bell, from Division 

Bbata.— For J. JBroe ae and I. McElery. admit- 
ted to No. 86, In Miy Journal, read J. Brke and 
/, McKdvtv, 


From Division No. 35—0. Pieree, for three 
months, for violating his obligations, and Qeorge 
Simpson, for six n^onths, for tippling and keep- 
ing bad company. 


From Division No. 63-Charke W. ManhalL to 
join Division No. 64. 

From Division No. 78— H. H. Perry, to join Dl- 
virion No. 110. 

From Division No. 21-^000. Haoenger. to join 

Prom Division No. 10— H- R Stone. Wm. Jones* 
George Jones, J. L. Dodsworth, J. W. Dicken- 
son, J. Casat, H. C. Brown and B. A Lawrence 
to reorganise Division No. 9. 

From Division No, 77— H. Hitchcock, to join 
Division No. 11. 

Ebata.— Withdrawal in April No. of A. A. 
Kavanaugh from Division No. 6. shonkl read to 
join Division No. 127, in place of Division No. 

Digitized by 





From DirisioQ No- 107—11. B. Cotton, for fraad. 
aUoder. Mid unbeoomtnsr oondnot. 

Flnom Division No, 42-G. Witwell and L. U)a- 
▼is. for noB-payin«iit of dues. 

From Division No. U^W^m. H. Uikywud« for 
b«inff drunk. 

From Division No. 27— Charles Hoyt for non- 
Pajment of dues and nnbecominc conduct. 

From Division No. 31— A. P. Burruuchs, for 
non-payoMnl of daes. 

From Division No. 4e-W. H. Bailey for nnbe- 
eominc conduct 

From Division No. 35— J. W. Stiffler and H. 
Boon, lor non i>ayment of dues. 

From Division No. 110— Jas. Shaw, for onbe- 
eominff conduct. 

From Division No. 15— Levi S. Williams, for 
Dmnkenness and unbeoomina conduct. 

From Division No. 87— J. McQoveren and W. 
I|;J>oe, for unbecoming conduct. 

FPotn Division i>o. 10— Andrew Steele, for 
dmnkenness and unbocominfr conduct 

Frooa Division No 61— F. Hardy, for non-pajr- 
ment of dues. 

From Division No. 36— R. White and P. Kiier, 
for non-payment of dues* 

From Division No. 37- Alex. Rawley and Wni. 
Gritlth. for dmnkennesss and onbeooming con- 

From Division No. 32— Frederick Bies. for sell- 
ing liquor. 

Performance of Ens^ine. 

WUtonS; TeUoicv; 

GitTLCiciv:— I stated in the oolnmns of 
yoar valuable paper by some of my Bro. £ngi- 
neers, the amnant of work and number of miles 
their engines have made without being repaired. 
I had the plcMure of running Passenger 
Bngine, No. 23Ei, for three years and one month : 
she was then placed on the 4th div. of this road 
in eharffe of Mr. W. H. Johnson* who still con- 
tinaes to run her. Haid engine was overhauled 
at these shops, in the summer of 1867. by Wm. 
B. Bd wards, M. M.. and Alfred Bell, Foreman. 
On the first day of July, 1867. she was placed on 
the track for service, and has been running up 
to this present moment and is stiU in fine con- 
ntion. rsheis of Mason build, sixteen by twenly- 
foor i«ch stroke, and five toot driver- The En- 
Kin«t has amaged sinoe'Tthe Ist' day of July, 
1867, ap to Che present date 3.200 miles per month 
without the loss of a day— making in all 152.- 
800 miles. 

Beat it who can ! 

Very Respectfully, 

JosKPH Wmt, 
„ Engineer n. A O.K. K. 

Mabtiiibbitro, Va., May 6th, 1871. 


By request of a larse number of delegates, the 
«. C. and F. G. A. B.. had a large sised photo- 
graph taken when in Nashville. There was alio 
a map of all the Grand OlBoers taken, with le- 
jpuia on. which makes a fine picture for onr halls. 
The single pictures are on cards. 8x10: the group 
is 16x20. Divisions or members will be furnished 
eor4es for CM)g]tM.eO( 9 . a, or F. G. A. K. 1.00 
each. Wb wlHlHI all orden sent to this ofioe. 
Brothers thatoan order more convenient |h>m 
VmikwBH, irm pleaae addieMH.a Sheeli, Box 

SpeeiAl Hotiees. 

Ws now have a form of notice for use of Divisions 
that can be used for notliymg members of special 
or regular meetings, and also to notiiy candidates 
to attend for initiation; also due notices for use of 

Several Divisions have not as yet ordered new 
Con. and By-Laws. It is important that all should 
be snppUed with them, and we hope those who 
have not ordered wUl do so at once. 

In sending subscriptions for the Journal, be 
tore and write names distinct and give taH 
directions as to loAsrs and AO10 they wish them 

Subscribers wishing a ehance made in thedi* 
rection of the Jourval will please state where it 
was sent before. It is almost impossible to find 
the name without much waste of time, when they 
simply say, sen t my Journal to such a place, 
and not give thi* present uddress. 

All orders for Journals to be sent by Express 
should give residence, or some particular place 
to have the packsge left, so as not to cause any 
delay in the delivery, or unnecessary trouble to 
the express companies. 

We nave plenty of bound Journals, volumes 
1st 3d. and 4th, which we will furnish at one 
dollar for the year 1867. and one dollar and filty 
eonte esch for the years 1860, and 70. 

We now have a blank form of receipt book to 
be used by F; A. and& A. B'a. Any Div. wishing 
snch book can be Aimished from this oflSce. 

We have plenty of back numbers of this vol' 
nme of the Jiurnal to fill all orders. 

Great complaint is made that it is impossible 
to obteii. replies to correspondents between e*>me 
of the Sub-Divisions. We hope some brother will 
be selected in each Division, whose special duty 
it shall be to answer all correspondence prompt- 
ly. And it is very imporUnt that each DivisioB 
should have a particular Post OflSce address that 
can be reached at any time, without a possibili^ 
of /ailnre. The Division address should in au 
cases appear in the meeting notices, in the Jour- 

It is much the sa'est, and cheapest way to send 
money by Pott i>ffle€ orden or drafts. In most 
places a draft csn be obteined of the banks frm^ 
and no charges are made here for payment 

Brothers calling will find our office readily by 
following the walk in rear of depot, up Bank St, 
opposite rear of Wetfdell Bourn, then tnm to the 
left on to Frankfort St. when the signs of Messrs. 
Nevins' Printing House will be visible. 

Address aU correspondence; 

Wilson k Frllows, 
76 Frankfort St. 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Digitized by 



Looomorsrm mmsEtoM' 

CoDdocton Br»lherbood« 

Railroad Oondooton throoffhoatthe Continant, 
who are dwirmu of formiDg Sub-DiTifioni of tha 
Condaotors Brotherhood, to act in ooneertwith 
those already oiganiied. are invited to oommnni- 
oate with 

C. & M(X)BB, G. 0. C^ MartiBabiirff, W. Va.. 
or JOSEPH PACKARD, G. R. a. Amboy, D1. 
- - 

AMB07 DIY. NO. l.-Meeta Ist Sunday and 
1st Toeeday alter 3d Sunday in each month. 

J. Porinton, 0. C, Amboy, HI. 
G. F. Morgan, R. 8. ** ** 

Tneeday night in their Hall, over the Machine 
Shops. Jiro. Vf, TnoMpaoir, G. C. 

Jno. W. Kkkfk, R. & 

D£V. NO. 17. BROOKFIELD, MO-Meets in 
Odd Feilows' HaU every Sunday at 3 o'clock P. M. 
L. A. Howsrd. C. C. 
John Watson, K 8. 


Frem Division No. 6~Wm. Smith, for dnink- 
ennees, and John H. Leoman. for non*payment 
of dues and assessments. 

(By order of Joseph Packard. G. R. &)• 

Brotherhood of Batlroad Employes 

Division No. 1, meets every Alternate Saturday 

night and Sunday, in the Hall ' 

lOl B. of L, B,. No 

. in the Hall of Division No. 

_NfOi 137 Locust street. Columbia. 


JoHir IvoBAir, Superlntandent, 
Chab. R. Bushbt, Secretary, 

ExpreumeB's MiitiiAl lifo InsnnuMe 


^ ■ ■ II 

W. W. Gould Secretary Division No. ICL Anfteri- 
can-Merchants Union SxprsM Oo.'s Office, lOS 
Bank street, Cleveland, Ohio. 


Consulting and Constructing 
Civil Engineer. 

Especial and practical attention civen to tlie 
economical application of fuel for the LOCO- 
MOTIVE, the Stationary, and the Marine &&- 
sine, etc., etc. 

Address care of Boston and Lowell and Naih* 
na Railroad, Boston, Mass, 


Book Binders and BUuik Book Manii- 

74 to m. Fbakkfobt St., Clbvblaiid, Ohio. 

Are vrepared and have every ftMsility for doinc 
all kinds of work in their line, in the best man- 
ner, and respectftiUy announce to the Brother- 
hood of Engineers and others, that they will be 
pleased to bind the Bnffineert' JoomaL Godey. 
Peterson, Harper, AtUntio, Ac, for individuals 
or dubs, at the foUowini low rates : 

In Leather In Leather 
and Cloth, and Puper. 
For single Volume, tl,oa 90e 

For Ten, to one addroM, 95 85 

For Twenty, ** - 90- 80 

For Thirty. '• - . 8> TO 

Over Thirty, " - 80 TO 

Expenses of transportation, both ways, at ex- 
pense of consignor. Send books to Wiuov A 
I FBLLOWB, 76* Frankfort St., Cleveland. Ohio. 



THE RAILROAD GAZETTE, published in Chicago, bv A. N. KbliiOgo iaa 
Weekly lilastrated Joamal of 24 pages, as large as those of Every Saturday, 

It contains a complete record of railroad news :— the progress of new ro«da, 
elections and appointments of officers, contracts let and to be let^ sommariea of 
mnnal reports; illnstrated descriptions of railroad improrements* articles both 
original and selected on railroad operation and civil and mechanical engineeir- 
ing, and discussions of the relations of railroad companies to the cbmmnnity. 

l^his journal is prepared especially for stockholders, directors, and offloen of 
ndlroads, and all railroad employees. Price |4 per annum, in advance. 

A. N. KELLOGG, Publisher, 
HO & 112 Maditon St. Chloago. 

Digitized by 




mlMg ^n^mmB^ifnhtim 


American Watch Co., of Waltham, 


"Anerici Watcli Co., GrescsBt SI WaltliaE Im." 

We are instnioted to repieaent Hub watch^as by far the best fall plate 
watch eyer made in the United States, and especially adapted for Bailmiy 

We also desire to add that it is offered at a price which mnst insure it 
«a wide sale. 

Parties desiring sach a watch should be sore and remember the trade 

For all other facts address, 

Qaieral Agents, 183 Broadway, N. T. 

Digitized by 


280 LoooMonvi 




Digitized by 



Digitized by 





Locomotive Engines and Tenders, 

Boilers and Tanks, 

GuK Mktal and oohmon Ibon Oasitngs, Brass and Goicposition Castinob. 

Locomotives and Boller$ Repaired. 

Sole mannfacturen of the *' HINKLEY PATENT BOILEB", for Locomo- 
tive and Stationary Engines. All orders will be exeonted with dispatch. 
ADAMS ATEB, PrM^t. • F. 11.. B VI«I«ABD, Treas. • H. I.. I.SACH, Svpt. 





BnUt to any gauge. 

Adapted to Light Bahjs, Shabp Cubtss and Stbsp Gbadbs. 

If mnningin mines or throngh tunnels, shape oonforms. 

Used by Railroad, Oanal and other contractors, Coal, Ore and Lumber pio- 

•ducen, and at Furnaces, Mills and Quarries. 

JHr. H. ir. aPBA«VB, Sap«rliitend«ia« for late flrm of Smltli A P*rt#r, bM 
ebarge of oar Works. 


Digitized by 







Adapted to every varietj of Railroad service, and to tbe ecoDomical use of Wood 
Coke, BitnmiDOns and Anthracite Goal as fuel LOCOMOTIVES FOR MINBS 
AND NARROW GAUGE RAILWAYS. All work accurately fitted to gan^es aad 
thoroaghly interchangeable. Plan, Materials, Workmanship, Finish and Efficiency 
fklly iniaranteed. 




D. W. CROSS, Pres't J. P. HOLT, Supt. 

W. S. DODGE, Sec'y and Treas. J. E. FRENCH, Gen'l Man'gr. 



Holt's Patent Steam Gauges, 

For Locomotire and Stationary Engines, 


Water Gauges and Test Pumps. 

AU kinds of GuigM Bepalred ra short boUoo and all work Wamuited. 

Works cor. Ghamplain A South water Sta, CLEVELAND. 0. 


Digitized by 



LoooiiaiiVB MswaauBsr 

The Brotherhood of Loco- 
MOTIVE Engineers. 

LooomotiTe Engineers throughoot the Conti- 
nent, who are desiroas of forming Sub-DiTisions 
of the B. of L. E*, to act in concert with those 
already organised, are invited to communicate 
with Charles Wu.son, G. C E., 

76 Frankfort St, CleTeland, Ohio. 


1 DETROIT, MIOn.— Meets every Friday eve. 
at 7:30 P. M., cor. Jefferson and Woodward aves. 

H. A. Cdiiminos. C. K., 320 Congress bt, Detroit 
V. H. KryG. F. A E., Brighton Honse. 


T. Faulknrb, C. E., Box 163, Bfarshall, Mich. 
C. Smith. F. A. E.. " 123, 

3 MICHIGAN CITY, IND -Meets every Satur- 
day eve., cor. of Franklin and Michigan Sts. , 

C. A. DABBA.BTS, 0. K, Box 267, Mich City, Ind. 
J.H.KK L LY. F. A.E., " 196 , 

5 NORWALK, 0— Meets Ist and 3d Saturday 
Ives, in each month, on Main St, opposite St 
Charles Hotel. 

Chablrs Stirlk, 0. B.. Norwalk, Ohio. 

FTB. Woodbukk, F. a. B., Box 180, Norwalk, 0. 

6 MONTANA, I A.-Meets e^ery Saturday eve., 
at Enjrineers' HaU, Story St^ _ ^, 

J. K. Flint, a B.. Box 80 Montana, la. 

J. H. FrrzoEBALD, F. A. B., " 196, ** ** 

to whom all correspondence must be addressed. 

7, LAFAYETTE, IND.— Meets every Tuesday 
eve.« at Reynold's Block, Main St _ . 

Wn. Bbadlbv, as.. Box 1573, Lafayette, lod. 
A. R. Spauldino, F. A. B., *' 36, Lafayette, Ind. 

J. P. Shbhand, C. E.. 

Crestline, 0. 

^C^H. DoBMAN . F. A . B., I>rawer_55, 

"^9. LaPORTB, at ELKHART. IND.-Meets 
every Sunday at 1 P. M., in Masonic Halt 
H. E. Stonb. C- E .Box 510, Elkhart Ind. 
J. W. DiCKiKsoN, F. A. B., box 9)8, 
Address all corren)0'*denoe to H. E. Stone. 

10, CHICAGO, ILL.— Meets every Saturday at 
7:30 P. M., at 980 StatoSt 

J. L. Wadb, 0. B., Welden Shop. Chicago, HI. 
R. S. Bbown, F. a. E., 

11, INDIAN APOLia I \D.-MeetseveiT Sat- 
urday eve., east of Odd FeUows' Hall, ^o. 62 
Washington St ^ 

J. B. WHiTsnT. C. B , No. 43 Bates street 

Z. P. Kbllbb. F. a. B., 102 Meek 

C. H. Elt«m8, Cor. Pec. 171 Davidson ** ,• 

12, FORT WAYNE, IND.-Meets every Satur- 
tar eve., 3d floor. Baker's 

block. Clinton street 
Fort Wayne, IiuL 
Wm. E. Stonb, F. A. B., Box 1.084, 
CL SWTDtou Cor. Secretary, ** 1,295. 

is, COVCORD, N. H. _ ^ ^^ „ 

R. T. Kino. 0. a. Box 138, Nashua, N . H. 
J. CabtuuF. A. B., 124S|iriBV 8t, (Smeord, ** 

United States BaUroAa Coniiieton^ 
Insarance Conpany. 

Conductors of Railroads wishing infoimatioa 
of. or to become members of the United States 
Rialroad Conductors' Life Insurance Compsny,. 
will please address K M. Livikqstop, Seeretsiy 
and Treasurer, Columbus, Ohio, givins their po9i 
office address, who will send documents and in- 
structions. James Mabshall, Prost. 

E. M. LiviMGBTOX See'y k Tnsi. 

Columbus, ., 

14, UTICA, N. Y.— Meets every Monday eve., 
over No. 9, Broad street 

A. SHeBMAKBB, C E.. Bfaulius, ^. Y. 

M. J. Cabroll, F. a. E.. 66 Bfain St., Ctica. ** 
M. RiCKABD, Cor. Secretary, " *' 

15, BUFFALO, N Y.— Meets every Wednesday 
eve., Daniels block, Mich, street 

L. R. Skijinbb- C. B., Box 2791, Bu&lo, N. Y. 
A. A. CuBnaJg*. A. k, 

16, GALION, C— Meets iFt and 3d PatunAy 
and 2d and 4th Friday of each month, cor. Maio 
and Adams streets. 

J. C Bull, C. E., Gallon, Ofaia 

JuD. BB».Toy, F. A. E., Box 25. 

17, ALLEGHENY CITY, PA.-Meets Ist alfa 
3d Thursday, and 2d and 4th Wednesday in eaek 
month, cor. Beaver Ave. and Locust street 

M. V. MiLLBB, C. E., No. 25 LoeoBt St, Alls- 
gkeny City, Pa. 
J. Kbwwbdy. F. a. E., Bellaire. 0. 

18, ROCHESTER, N.Y.— Meets every SatanUy 
eve., cor. of State and Mumford Sts. 

Wm. DoNALDsoif, C. B., cor JonesaadEaratofs 
aves.. Rochester, N. Y. 

J. Babbbb, F. a. K, 63 Frank street Boehes- 
ter, N. Y. 
^Chas. Thoiias, Cor. Secretary, 26 Gorham St, 

and last Thursday in each month 
B. D. Anprbson. C. K, Box 68, Memphis, Tenn. 
J. G iB BS. F. A. fc. ** ^* 

22, CAMDEN, N. J. 

N. K RKTNOLDS,C.B.JIock box 10.Glamd6ii.N.J. 

J. D. HusTOK. F. A. K. 

2\ SPRINGFIELD, ILU-Meets every Friday 

and Saturday alternately, west ride Public Sqoafs. 

G. R. HoDGH, C. K., Dwr. 32^8, Sprinifidd. HL 

P. TEAL, F. A. K. *^ " 

24, CBNTRALIA. ILL. - Vet ta ev«T Sstuday 

•re., at 7:30 P. M., on Lot" ust street 
J, McFail, C. E . Box 101, Centraliii HL • 
J. H. BmnKm" F. A.Kand Cor. . 

Box Id, CentraUa, BL 

Digitized by 




S5, TSSRB H4inniI]!n>.-Moet» erwy ftltar- 
aato SatanUy e7«.« from J«aiuur7 Tth 71« ftt 7 :aO 
P. M..iii HaU eor^Ma&n and Tin Sts. , , 

J. ^cKbtib. cClo^ box Ittl xTHMto. Ind. 

W.F.M0BOAH.F.A.K. •' '* 

W. Bw aBMLBgKHi, Cor, aoe.'* 

28 SELM A« ALA.-MMU lat Mid Sd SstwUy 
<•¥«•.. of Mob month, at thoir BaU, dmt tihopt 
^S..B. AD. K.R. 

& J. D4ii<i(L8. C. R.. Solma. Ala. 

M. FfT zonuLD. F. A B.. ** 

27, RACmS, WIS.— MotteOTonr week alUmato 
WediMsdaar and lliondaj •▼« • Sd floor, Otbomo 
A Oegood's Block, South aide Coort House gauan. 

JK89B Parkb, a E., Box 690. Bacine. Wto. 
Q. Gkke. F. a B , 

28, DATTON.O.— Meets erwT alternate Satar- 
•da^ 070.. cor. of Ladk>w and Sixth streefta. 

J. S. VoRia, 0. B., 10 PuiRoith tft, Dayton, 0. 
W. L. Wmqht, F a. B., 18 State St 

29, BROOKFIBLa M0.-BfeetaeTery8atarday 
■erei, in Odd FStowa' Hall, Main St. _ .^ ^, 

J. C. Nichols, C. bTBox 2H, Brookfield. Mo, 
WM.H.LxirB.F,AB., 480, 

m, PHILLIPSBURG. N. J.-Meets 1st Fridiur. 
And 3d Saturday of eaofa month, at & D. K. B. 

""^T^t.^teS^B.. Box 226. PhiUlpaburg, N. J. 

J. Vaudbobift. F. a. B,, " . •' , " , 

to vhom al l communieations must be addrawed. 

SL CLBVBLAND, 0.-MeeU 1st Saturday and 
•Sd ^da^ evM., of eaoh month, eor. Ontario St* 
■aod Poblie Sanare. 

W. H. Goaa,a B.,A. AG. W. B. B ,Cleraland.O. 

,W. L. Nrdham, F. a. B.. 81 flieks St, West 

R. A^LDWiN.'Cor. Searatary, C. A P. B. B. 
' Shops, Cleveland, 0. 

32, AUBOBAILL.— Meets Ist and 3d Saturdays 
and 2d and 4th Sundays of eaoh month. 

B. K. I8BILL, a B., Box56, Anram, IB. 
B.H.K«omfa,F.A.B.. ** . *' 

33, NASHVILLB. TBSnf.— Bfeela every Salur- 
day eve., oar. Oiuron and Oheny straeta. 

ALXX.M0O. ToLifn,O.B. . ^^ 

Addraas all buainaas oommnniaations toH. 0. 

£Hiitn. F. A. K, and Oor. Seo'y., Look Box M, 

Uaahri Ufl. Iten, 

31. LTTTLB MIABfl, AT 00LUMBU8. 0.- 
Meets every Saturday eve., at 7^ o'ek>ok, in 
Miller's Block. 

W. H, ZioLBB, O.E.,Iiock Box U15 OolumbiM,0. 

q A. Wioonia. F. A. B., ** " 

'^ieets the Itt Monday, and 2d and 3d Thnraday, 
and 4th Friday in each month, at 1 P. M., eor. 
<th and Madison Ste, ^ , _, «■ 

Jamm Mm*n. C B., „ Covington, Ky. 

FiLunt Alldiqham, F. A B.. 

9\ ZANB3VILLB, O.-Meets every Monday 
^ve, in Druid's Hall, Main street 
f , a Shipliy. 0. B.. box 92, Zaneaville, Ohio. 

sr, MATTOOBT, lUL-Jtota^every Saturday 
«ra.. In Hinokle'iBtook. Wast Broadway. 
L D. Bnnrarr, 0. B.rBox 414, Matt»on. IB. 
J.OiLDOFr,F.A.Bj. •• ^ : 

W. Boas, dor. 8«>„ box 414, 


88. MABTOIBBmO, W. VA.-Meeli eveir 

Wedneadarave., in Boaman's Hall, Queen St 
U. WoLLirr. 0. B^ Maitinsbniv, W. \a. 
H. KiiiMJ, F. aTS., 

80. 8B7M0XTK IND .-Meets 1st and 8d Fndar 
and 2d and 4th Saturday evea, of eaoh month. 
I. N. Apoab, 0. B.. Box »U Seymour, Lid. 
F. HcATOii, F. A. B., ** ** 

40, POBTLABD, BIB.-MeeU every other 
Wednesday eve, commencing Feb. Jst 1871, at 
7:30 P, M., cor. Concreas and Temple atraets. 

& J. Stmohos, 0. B., Portland Co.'s Works, 
Portland, Mew 

Addra8ff>all oommnnieatioBs te H. & Wnro, F. 
A. B., No. 56 Clark St, Poitland, Me. 

41, BLMIRA, N. Y.-Meets let and 3d Sunday 
of each month, cor. Lake and Cairoll Sts. 

Wm. O'Nklu C. B.. Box 343. Blmira. K. Y 
T. BxAaoAiiTF. A. JEL, Drairer 125, *' 

42, CARONDBLBT, MO.-Meets every Sunday 
at 1 P. M., eor. Main and Nebraska streets, 

Thomas Shba, 0. B*. Ckrondelet Mo. 
BsBVARD Smite, F. A B., 

43, MBADVILLB, PA.— Meets alternate Mon- 
ur and Tuesday eves. 

P. M. SOANLOK. a B.. Box 1281, MeadvUle, Pa^ 
H. J. Baowif. F. A B., 32, " ^« 

H. D. Baomf, Cor, See. 90, ** ** 

44, ALTOONA. PA.-Meets in 2nd story of Ma- 
ronie Hall, 12th St, between 10th and 11th Ave, 

^BttT C. Oardkm. C. K, AUoona, Pa. 
Wm. Snim, F. aTb. Box 142, *• - 

< , cor. of Coats st and Penn- 


No. 412 Caven street West 

A. B., 3319 Story street, Weat 

\ Seoietary, 8304, Blm street, 

, . _^a. 

40, ALBANY, N. Y.-Meeta every Wednesday 

•VB., at 608, Broadway. ^^ 

P . J. SwABT8,C. B.. 180 ainton av, Albany^N. Y. 

47, HORNELLSVILLB, N. Y.-Meets 2d Tuee- 
day, 3d Thursday A last Saturday in each month* 
eor. Main and Church sts. 

C. WiLLOB, C. B., Homellsville, N. Y. 

B. Cambbon.F. A. E., Drawer 1, ** 
S. B . SruBOBVAyT, Com Sec, to whom all com- 
munications must be adnresaed. 

48, ST. LOUIS, MO.— Meets every Sunday at 2 
p. in., cor Coxens street and Summit avenue. 

J. HuBST, C. E., St Louis. Mo. 

Wm. Faouu F. a E , 635 Summit Ave. ** 

Wm. Wallacb. C. E„ Box 59, B. St Louis, lU. 
B.M0D0KALD.F.A.E,, " «« '^ 

50. PITTSBUROH, PA,— Meets every Sunday 
at 2 P. M., in Odd FeUows' Hall, Pen% St, tSSi 

J. Blum,C, E.,A. V.B.R.Shop,_-. 
R,WAumisHAw,F.A. B.,Pami. B. 




^ Addreaa^ J. Bvmbaiob, Oor. Beofata r y, 48 Uth 

St, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Digitized by 



LoooxonvB memasBff 

6L PHUiADELPHIA. PA.~]fM^lft and ad 
Wednefldadr eves. »t AmeiioMi Meohanieg' Halt 
on Lombard straet. neai Thirteenth. 

J. D. HoGBRs. 0. K.. 1706. Waahington. ave., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

F. A. ttiLMOBB, F. A. E., llo. 1708, Waahinc- 
ton ave-, Phitadelphia. Pa. 

S2, BALTIMORE, MB.-Meets every lat and 
8d Sunday at 2 o'clock P. M. 

Wm. Boclofb, C. B., Calvert Station, Baltimore, 

C. W. Shiplet, F. a. £.. Calvert Station, 

63, JERSEY CITY. N. J.-Meets oor. of Wadi- 
Inffton and Mereer sts. « on lat Fridi^ of eaoh 
month, at 10 A. M., and 3d Thnnday, at 7 P. M. 

Qy MooBK. C. E.. Box 230, Jersey City, N. J. 

aNJaoobus, P, a. B.. " 

54. PORT JBRVIS. N. Y. Meets every Wed- 
aeeday eve., cor. of Front and Saseez bis. 

J. U. CooKiJOK, C. B., Box 56, Port Jervia, N. Y. 
0. W. Lbokabd, F. a. E ., Box 127. 

55. GRAFTON. WEST VA.-Meeta every 
Wedneeday eve., at Jenkins' Hall, on Front 

Wm. Bbaty, C. E.. Wheelinic, V*. 

F. M. Sntdbb, F. a. B.. Grafton. West Va. 

56. KEOKUK. lA.— Meets the 2d and ith Satnr- 
day eves- ot eaoh month, in Patterson's Block, 
Johnson street 

J. E. Rathbubv. C. Em Box 616, Eeoknk. la. 
WM.W.MBKK.F.A.E.. *• 436, " " 

67, PROVIDENCE, R. L-Meets 2d and 4th 
Tuesday eves., of eaoh month, on third floor of 
68 Weyooflset st 

L. J. Pattov, C. E.. No. 18 Common street 
B. Haskbll, F. a. B.. No. 89 Sheldon street 

68, SCRANTON, PA.-Me«t8 Ist Saturday and 
8d Friday of eaoh month, at No. 106 Lackawanna 

P. A. Stbibt. C. B.. Lock Box 758, Scranton.Pa* 
Wm. S. Wilson, F. A. B.. ** 597, " ** 
to whom all communications must be addressed 

59, GRBENBUSH, N.Y.-Meets 1st and Sd Wed- 
Besdays of each month, oor. Perry and Broadway 

P. Osikavobb, 0. K. Greenbnsh, 9. Y. 
Chas. Mkuus. F. A. B., • ** 

Meets 1st Saturday and 3d Friday of eaoh month, 
U7P. M..atNo.61,BMdySt , ^^. 

MoflBB Uobbs, C. B., D4VINPOBT, la. It R. box. 
H.H.BAXBB.F.A. E., " ^ " ^ "^ ^ 
J. R. WiuuiBOM, Cor. Seei . C R. L & P. R. R. 

a, BOSTON. MASa.-Meets 1st and 8d Wed- 
nesday in eaoh month, at No. 3 Tremont Row, 
Hall 88. 

G. H. Saxdusoh. a Em 156 Albany St. Boeton, 

L 0. PiHOBiB, F. a. E.. East Cambridfe.Mas8., 
to whom all correspondence moat be add res se d . 

a, GALESBURG, ILL.>-MeeU in Engineen' 
HaU. Main St, every Saturday, at 7:30 P. M. . 
PmLUP PoTTBB. C. B., Box 167, Galesbnrv, UK* 
N. W. BuB5BBe!c F. A. E., Box 85, " 
& A. Rahdall, Oor. Sec, '* 563, " '* 

esL SPRINGFIELD, MASS.~MMt8 altsnatt 
Friday and Saturday eves., inB, A A. B.B. 

C..W. Pool, C. E . 16 Fulton StJ3i 
HkkbtB. Day, F. A. B., Box 

0., Springfield. Mass. 


64, WOROESTBR. MA8S.-Meets 1st Tuesday 
and Sd Wedneeday In eaoh month,jat 7 :d0 P. Il,t 
oor. Main and Mechanic Sts. 

_ H. W. Fxknbb, C. B., and Oor. Seorwtaiy. No. i 
Reservoir street, Woroester, MaBS. 
C.G.Davib,F.A.B„ '' '• 

65. CHILLICOTHE, 0.-Meets every Saturday 

P. Ranvino. C. E ., Chill] oothe, 0. 

S. E. MoBHBB, F. A. B.. Box H. 


J. B. JoBKSOK. C. B., boxl52,Portage (Sty, Wis. 
G. T. Thompson, F. A. £., Box 343, ** 

67, DUNKIRK, N. Y.— Meets in the Brie Bail- 
wav Building, on Front St, every alternate Sat- 
urday eve. 

IT C. Hagqbtt, C. B., Box 466, Dunkirk, N. Y. 
J0HKF0SS.F.A. B., "34, •* »** 

J. BuKT, F. A. E-. Riohmond St 
Jno. RocHK.Cor. Sec. Wellington St, 

69, ATLANTA, GA.— Meets every Satoiday 


W. G. Rkjhabdb. F. A. E.,M. A W. R. R.. Atlan- 
ta. Ga. 

Address all communications to Wv. F. WooDe. 

. WooBS, C. B., Ga. R. R. Shops Atlanta. 

70, TORONTO. ONT.-Meets 1st and 3d Sat- 
urdays of eaoh month, at 8 P. M., at 39 King 
street, west. 

JoHX FiRLD, C. B., Box 256, Toronto* Ont 

Hpqh MoLnnrAH, F. A. R, *' 

PA---Meot8 every Sunday at 2 P. K., in Temper- 
ance Hall. 646 Bast York St 

F. L. MxBSHOK, C. B., 543 Aromingo St, Phila- 
delphia. Pa* 

ITaxibl H. Fowt^xb. F. A. B., No. 564 Bast Yoik 
street Philadelphia, Pa., to whom nil eones- 
pondenoe must be addressed. 

72. AMBOY, ILL.— Meets every two weeks. 
Friday and Saturday e^e altemataly. 
F. WBSOorr, C. K, box 109. Amboy, Hlinois. 
H. H. Bboadib, F. a. B., Box 196 
L R. Pattkbboh. Cor, See, " *• 

78, MADISON. WIB.-Meet8 «?ei7 Satoiday 
evening oor. Capitol Park. 
O.T. SiiiTB.0.B.,Box8Q, Madison Wik 
a MoCoLLUM, F. A. BL. Box 602 ' " 


R. TboMBS, €or. See. 82^ Claybom St,, Milwaa- 
Be Wis. 

74, HARRISBURG, PA.-Meets in Con«s 
Block, 8d St, alternate Satnrday eves.. aaA Stta- 
day aftemooBs. 
8. HorPM A8TBB, C. B., Box 160, Hafriabwf Eft- 
J. A. Spomblkb, F. A. B., ** . •» 

Digitized by 




7^ RBADINO, PA.--HMte •Itwnato SatnrdAy 
wnL^ mod 6nnw afkenoons, oommvneiDC Ooto- 
bar 2d. 187D, at729 Pmn strMt 

E. J.Rauch.*. A.i, " •* " 

Wm.B L«irra,0or:S60. *' . " ** 


K. a Stahlxt, C. E , Box 21, OatawisBB, Pa. 

L. 8. WooDBRiDQi. p. A. B , Box 63, ** ** 

77, NEW HAVEN, CONN.-Meeto Ist Mondmr 
•nd 3d TiMsday in aaeh month. 

J. J. Obxkn, C. E.. 17 Eld St> New HaTon, Ot 
H. g KwAPF, F. A B.. 46 Lyone St., ** *' 

78, LOUISVILLE. KY.-BfeetB every Wedne*- 
dajatlzSeP. M., N. K oor. lltb and Oieeo fits. 

J. L. MooBJi, a k. No. 217 W. Broadway. Loui»> 

J. A. Sakfobd, p. a E., No. 241, I2th street, 
LooifriUe, Ky. 

P. SmtLLNO, Cer. See.. No. 368, 6th St, Lonis- 

79, MALONE, N. T.-Meets erery Satarda^ 

O. W. SVHDRLAXD. C. B., Malooe, N, 7. 

W. H. Gkat. p. a. B . box 845. Ualone. *' 

to whom all eommnnications ahonld be addrcned 


jAvn BooNK. C B., Maoon. G^ 

E. C. VAX Valcbnbotio, P. A B., llaoon. Oa. 

Meais 2d and 4th Saturday ere. of each month. 

C. Hubbard. C. £ . box 2^ Kan. City, Mo. 
R. Mu«PHT, P. A. B.. Wyandotte, Kan. 

J.O.PoBsia8,Gor.See." 68. ** 

82. UURICKSVILLB. 0.— Meets erery Tuee- 
aayeTe at Red Men's HaU. on Third street 

w. A AxDBBsoir 0. E.. Uhricksyillek 0. 

C. A Huirr, P. A B.. Box 78. 

81 PACIFIC CITY. MO.-Meete in Masonic 

1st and 3d Snndsjs, each month, at 2 P. M. 
R, Box 27 Pacific City. Mo< 

F. Catoh. C. _- 

J. L. Parish, P. A B., 

84. RUTLAND. ^— Meeii 1st Friday eve. at 
8 P. M., and 3d Sunday at 2 P . M.. of eaoh month, 
in Inmneers' Hall. Merehants' Bxehante. 

CTST Clapp, C. E.. Bennington, Vt. 

g.L.Sr«ABya.P. A B., Box 60. Rntland Vt 

86, ST. ALBANS. VT.— Meets Ist Thnisday 
nd 3d Wedneeday, in Vt. C. R B. depot, at 7 :aO 

D. KnfBiLL, 0. B-, Drawer 66, St Albans. Vt 
F.T.Hrwrt.P,A.B., ** 

88, MOBERLY. MO.~Meets every Thursday 
era at 7 o'clock. P. Mm in Eairineen' Hall, Reed 
itnet, bettween Clark and Williams. 

a Haudat. C. B. . Box 77, Moberly, Mo. 

C E.BiowiiHiLL.t'.AB, " 

87, TROY, N. Y.-Meets every Ui and 8i Wed- 
Msday. at 333 Rirer street __ 

C. L. OAiswnKU C. B., Whitehall, N. Y. 

Jon B. PARRXLL.F. A, B.,hox 168 Throy* N, T . 

88, GRAND ISLAND, NBB.-MeatB wtmj 

W. H. DuircAK. 0. R, Omaha. Neb. 

AF.WiLxna,P. AR,K»ekbex516. V. 
B B. WoonTCer. See. 

Point St Charles^. 

Jno. Cardrll, C R. Box 
Montreal P. a 
J. MxLiifOToir. P. A B.. St Johns. P. Q. 

», P0TT8VILLB. PA-Meets in the Town . 
Hall, oa the Ist and 8d Sunday of eaoh month. 

D. A Lbb. C. R. Box 585, PottsviUe. Pa». 

John Starrxtt, P. A B, 

J. CoDLiN, Cor. Secr etary. " •* 

, 91. HUNTSVILLB. ALA..-MeetM»Tery Wedner- 
d^ ere.., at 7: 90 PTm., in their room, M. k C^ 

H. N. BDR^RD, C. R. Bax 51. Hnntsyille, Ahu- 


92. PEORIA, ILL.~Meets Ist and 3d Saturday^ 
evee., of each month, cor. of Adam and Main Sts 

H. B. Srrlrt, C. R. Box 990, Peoria, lil^ 

e. R. RoBBiNS, P. A. R, Box 1236. •• " 
B. B. MoCmrrocx, Cor. Sec. Box 1878. ** ** 

93. JACKSON. TENN.~Meetslstand3d Sat- 
urdays of each month, in Sons Temperance Hall.. 

A CuKNTifOBAic. C. E., Box 124, Jackson. Tenn^ 

H. K. WlTHSB8P0Olf, P. A R, 

' 94, MT. SAVAGE. MD—Meets 1st and 3d Mon^ 
days of each month, in Odd Fellows' HaiL 

J. Rior, C. £., Mt Sayage. Md. 

J. Rraqaw, p. a. R. 

^ 95, CINCINNATI. O.-Meeta 1st and 3d Satur- 
days of each month, cor. 3d and Mill Sts. 
^. Wall, C. R. 23 Hannibal St.. Cincinnati, 0.. 
J. R Griffith. P. A B.. 47 Bates St. Indiana- 
polls. Ind. 

96. WEST CHICAGO, ILL.-Meeta eyerr 
Thursday eve at 119 Milwaukee aTonue. 

G. G. tfiNOLAiR, a B.. 319 North PauUna street, . 

D.J. MuRPHT. P. A R. No. 68 North Peoria, 
street. Chicago, HL. to whom all correspondence^ 
must be addressed. 

97, SOUTH BALTIMORE. MD.-Meets eyery- 
Satarday eve^, cor. Baltimore and Green streets. 

WmTGallowat. C. K.. No. 138 McUenry street. 

J. McKuRDT. F. A. B., 484 West Lambert St 

a W. Srlbt, Cor. Secretary. 33 South RepuUi- 
oan street _^ 

96, SUNBURY. PA-Meets at 2 P. M., Ist and- 
3d Sunday in each month, in Odd Fellows' Hall. 

R R MiTCHXLL, C, B., Sunbury, Pa. 


99. WATER VALLEY. BfISS.-Meets 1st and* 
Sd Saturday of eaoh month.at7P. M. 

J. R Brotoh. a R^x 96. Water Valley. Mlss^ 
N.Qrrrkrr,P. AR, 

100. WDJilNGTON, N, 0. 

K Cartrr, a R, Box 245, Wilmiuffton. N. C. 
L.RLT01W. P. A.B. '* 


L. P. KuHir.C. B.,R P. A P.RR.Bichmond,Va. 
J. CBrirh, P, a R.R. AP. R. R. ** ** 

102. AUSTIN. MINN.-MeetB every Saturday 
OTO., in Good Tenipbrs' HaU. 

S. R. Clark, C. R, North McGrecor, Iowa. 
RN. LRWig,F>A>R,Box209lAjMtin,MiJMR> 

W. T,— Meets every Saturday eve. 

RC. Howard, C. R. Lock box 62. Iaraine.W.T. 
G. W. MoOamjsb. p. a. R, Box 83, Rawlinci^ 

Digitized by 



LoooMonn WK^anoBar joubnal. 

104, OOLUXBIA, PA.-MeeCf ^rwf Sstuday 
i«Ta„ next door aboTO Oolambia Bank^ Loeost Ot 
K. OiLM^, C. £., Columbia. Pa, 
R. O. Youiio F. A. B.. " •' 
Ji, i^. GuiLiB. Cor. Soe. " ** 

n06, NifiVY0KKCIT7.-MMteatl42 B. 4Uth 
tftneU on Ist Wednesday at 10 A. M.. 2d Wednes- 
day at 7H P. M.. 4tli Monday at 10 A. M., of eaoh 

N. W. HoLBBOOC 0. B.. oor. 43d street and 4th 
tlyenne, Harlem Bniine House, 

James BAian. F, A. B, Harlem Bngine House. 

100. BBLLOWS FALLS. VT.-Meets 1st and dd 
Thursday in eaoh month, oor. Bridfe and Canal 
streets, at 8 o'olook P* M. 

A. H. KufOSBTOT, a B., Box 674, Keene, N. H. 
G. a Blak». F . A. B..Box2ffl. Hellows Falls. Vt. 

107. ST. JOSBPH, MO.-Meets in their HaU 
«very Saturday eve. 

Datid KnnrAM an, C. B., H. A St Joe B. B. 
chops, 8t Jcseph, Mo. 

AIM PicxuB. F. A. B« and Cor. Seo. Box 828. 
et. Joseph, Mo, 

^ 108. WINNBMUOCA. NBV.-Meets Ist Satur- 
day and 3d Friday in eaoh month, in Bn«ineecB' 

J. DoBia, C. B., Box 96^ Winnemnoo%, Nev. 

L. W. Pabxhubst. F. a. B.. Box 96 " ** 

^ 109. BORDBNTpWN, N. J.-MeeU in Odd Fel- 
lows' HaU, £4o. 46, Prinre St 

T Bbadt, C. B.. Box 147, Bordentown, N. J. 

Address J. IL RKYifO LDB. F. A^ B.. *^ '* 

Meets first three SatuTdaynixhts in eaoh month 
at7:a0p. m.. in PioneerHaU 7th street, between 
J and K streets. 

H. L. Stbphcnbon, C. B ., and Cor. See. Sae.Cal . 
^ A. C. Waltbnspul, F. a. B . Look Box No. 224, 
Saeramento. Cal. ; 

^ 111, PBTBRSBURGH, VA. -Meets 1st and 3d 
oatnrday evenings of eaoh month, in LibraxT 

M. J. Rbamb, C. E., 6. S . R. R., Petersburr. Va. 

JAa.8HAKKs.F. A. B., *' 

^ J12, OTTDMWA, IA.-Meets 1st and 3d Satur- 
day eves of eaoh month, in Engineers' Hall, near 

J. D. Cabtib, C B.. Ottamwa, la. 

Gbo. 8. Brst. F. A. B., Bttflington, la. 

Jab. CABPKKTBa, Oor. See., Box 4 4. Ottamwa. 

113. DBS MOINES. IA.-Meets erery Saturday 
•▼e, oor. Looost and dth streets, Bast 
G. W. 8LADB, a B., Box 196, DesMoines, Iv. 
G.W.Clarx,F.A.B., ** ^.>"'**V*' 

^114. WATERLOO. lA —Meets in Odd Fellows 

Hall, on Saturday and Monday eves, alternately, 

every two weeks. 
C. W. Baldwih. C. B„ Box 721, Waterloo, la, 
L. H. Habvet. F. a. B., Box 285, Dubuque. la. 

to whom aU oorrespondenoe must be addr^sed. 

115. KNOXVILLE. TBNN—MeeU in Bngi- 
neers' Hall, Market Square, at 7 P. M., every Sat- 
urday eve. 

J. B. PiOKBira. C. B., Box 280 Knoxville, Tenn. 

B. BBowff, F. A. B., •* ^ ^ 

MICH.— Meets in Masonie HaU, 2d and 4th Fii* 
days of eaoh month. 

g. H. BissRLL, C. B. Jm>x 285, Marquette, Mleh. 

N. B. Crambbblaix, F. A. E., box 228. ** 

117, EBIB. PA.-Moet8 at 1116 State ftrnt. ew- 
iry Sunday. at 1:30 P.M. • . 

C. B. Wbbks. C. B^51 West Uth St. Bria. Ptt. 
W. H. SaXDOSKT. F. A. B*. 

118, BBOCKVILLB. 01 
W. BBOWiru>w. 0. B., — 
J. S. Mathbbs. F. a. B.. 


119. PITrSTO>rt PA.-Meets 1st Tae«lay mnd 
8d Tnorsday eves in eaoh month, at Engineasm' 

LoTR Welch. 0. B.. lork box 859. PIttston. P^ 
ILH. BBowir.F. A. B.. ^ 

120. MOBILE. ALA.— Meets every Sunday, in 
Maeonio Hall, ^^hlsUer, Ala.. at7 : 80 P. M. 

Jab. Htkdb, C B., Whistler, Ala. 

A. Bro, F, A. B., 

m, EFFINGHAM. ILL.-MeetB over Giibarfk 
Drue Store, on JelTerson Street the Ist and 3rd 
Sandays of eaoh month. 

Address aU eommunioations to 0. T.«». 
C. B., Box 3», Efflngham, lU. 

C, A. Sahbobm, F. a. B. 

122, WILKBS BARRB, PA.— Meets 1st Sonday 
nd 3d Tuesday of eaoh month, in L. and 6. d»- 




BL L. TiWAWT, F. A . E. . Sugar Noteh. 

123, NEW ORLEANS, LA,-Meeta 1st and 3d 
SnncUiy oi eaoh month in Odd Fellows' flail. 

F. w. FoLDiB. C. K. ooT' XhaHa and Howard 

jl'T.'RJnntAD, F. A. B., 282, CaUiope St., N. O . 

124, MAUCH CHUNK, PA.-MeetB everyThim 
day eve, in Meohanios' HaU, Raoe St 

H. BRBLsvoanw a B., Blauoh Chunk. Fa. 
Q . WiBTBBanBBi. F. A. B.. 

125, CLINTON. IA.-Meets in Odd FeUows* 
Hall, 5th ave, on 2d and 4th Mondays in aaoh 

B. B. BoAM, a B.. Box 776, dinton. la. 

U ZtBMWrvd. F. A. &. 612 

T. a pBBirriOB, Cor. Seo., '* " 

126, COMPANY SHOPa N. C-Meets lit and 
3d Saturday of eaoh month, at 8 P. M. 

W. K. Blaxx. 0. B., Gona. SEhopt, AlaoMUieo Co.. 

^'j?'a.Bw>WBB.F. A.B.. 

127, BBARDSTOWN, ILL.-MeetB every Wed- 
nesday Evening in MaiMnio Hall, oor. Main and 
Washington Sts., at7 o'olook. 

E. S. Nbwbll, G. B,. Beardstowne, DL 

A. H. Roman, F. A. B., Drawer 79. 

128, MBRIDIAN, MISS—Meets Ist and 3d 
Sundays of eaoh month, at 3 p. m. 

B. N.Bell. C B., Meridian, MIbb. 

D. D. Bbiqob, F. A- B. ** 

Saturday eve in Temperanoe HalL 

B. H. Bbowb, C. E., Chatcanooga, Tenn. 
J. C. Babtow, F. A. B. 

130, SANDUSKY. 0. * 
Address B. J . Gbboq, Sandusky. . 

~l31, AUGUOTA. GA. 

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Havmg recently made some very important improve ments in our Yard and 
Tank Cranes^ rendering tbem more simple* compact, and easier operated, we 
respectfully call the attention of Railroad Managers to the same. They can be seen 
in operation on the Erie Railway, the Delaware, Lackawana & Western, the Lehigh 
Valley, the Dutchess & Columbia and the Morris & Essex R. R's, where they have 
been thoroughly tested and their merits fully establishedi 

They are not affected by frost, waste no water consequently cost nothing to 
keep the tanks and tracks free from ice. The Yard Cranes are substantial and 
ornamental. Their use dispenses with the necessity of Water Tanks being close U> 
the track, thus keepin(c out of range of the Locomotive's sparks, buildings liable to 
take fire, also dispenses with the necessity of building Water Tanks when in reach 
of Reservoirs or Water Works. 

As will be noticed bv engravings, the fireman operates the Crane and supply valve from his posi- 
tioo on the Tender. There is no part of them sufauect to Motion, so that there is no reason why the^ 
should wear out The valve being balanced, it can be worked with ease under any pressure, and is 
not liable to derangement or leakage. They are believed to be the best arrangement for the purpose 
as yet devised. They are the result of the labor and experience of years of one practically engaged in 
this branch of the service; and confidence is entertained that investigation and frirther trial wiU 
develop more points of excellence than claimed, and their universal adoption become a neoetsity. 

Testimonial from tke Brotherhood q/ LooomotioeZJSneweani, Port.tkrvie, New Toik, 

L. T. EJ^TCHUM, E8q.,DKAK Sir: At a meeting of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
Division 54, held atfheir rooms, Wednesday evening, July 2l8t, 1869, it was unanimously resolved to 
add their testimony in flavor of your late improved Yard and Tank Cranes now in successful use on 
the Brie Railway. It was the unanimous opinion and agreement of all present, that the Cranes are 
&r superior to anything of the kind heretofore invented or used for the purpose. That having tested 
for themselves the many advantages of these Cranes over all others known to them, they chewftilly 
rpoommend their introduction and use by all Railroad Companies, believing trom experience, that 
they will do all and even more than you claim for them. , 

[siiLL.! J. W. WEED., C. E., J. H. COOESON. F. A. E., F. ABBOTT, Ex-^.'B., Division 54. 

For 'itftW in/onnati(m]addrem I«. T. KETCHUM A CO., 

Fori Jervla, Ormng^ €••» M. T. 

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Mannfactarers of the 

Pressure and Tacunm . 









Mann&ctoTy ft Office. Cw. WaslilDgton ft Perry St>., 
o: I S/SviN. }^'**»- BUFFALO, N. Y. 

Head Lights altered to onr Improved Goal Gil Bamer. Reflectors Be-Plated. 
Ganges of all kinds and Locomotive Balances Bepaixed at Short Notice. 

Digitized by 


JULY, 1871. 

Digitized by 





iTirnn. ssi«i:.z:rs a co., 

No. leoo Hamilton Street, 




With Ball and Socket Bearings, and Double Gone Vise Couplings, admittinff 
6f th e easiest possible adjustment. * A complete assortment of PuLLET imd 
WHEEL PATTERNS, from which Castings or Finished Work will be furnished. 
Sole manufacturers and licensers for 





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Vol. 5. 

JULY, 1871. 

No. 7. 


I liaTe been thinking for lome tim« 
of writing, to try to present some IdeM 
thftt hare got into my head oonoerning 
the myBteriens snbjeot of eteam boiler 
explosione. I do not fear the oriti- 
oisBis of aoientiflo men, bat rather fear 
thoee of my own class. I do not think 
floienttflo men haye an^ right to oriti- 
eise any common sense ideM that may 
be advanced, as they have failed to 
bring to light the trae cause for explo- 
sions. It rather seems that they hove 
stepped aside for practical men to pre- 
sent some i&en that they may take bold 
of, and probably ascertain the real 
cause ofrerplosions. 

I am a working man, and have seen 
sereral boilers that had exploded, and 
am perfectly satisfied in my mind as 
to the cause, and I suppose a great 
many others are. But our yiews diifer 
so widely, it is necessary to bring np 
as much proof as possible to sustain 
our argument. 

I have only been employed about 
thirtef^n years railroading — first as fire- 
man and at present as an engineer; but 
during that time I have never wit- 
nessed any of those strange freaks 
about the locomotive that I hear some 
men talk of. Such as the boiler be- 
.coming f lUl of gas, steam getting below 
the water, ko, . I fear those men only 
deceived them^ielves; imagination does 
a great deal of the work in this world 
of ours. 

I cannot believe any of the gas the- 
ories that are going the rounds. It is 
my opinion that the cause of explo- 
sions is nothing more or leas than nat- 
ural aggravated pr«>s8ure, and the boi- 
ler bv some immediate cause, becomes 
insuffloient to stand the pressure. And 
I think a good proof of this argu- 

ment is the fact, that thara are more 
of one dass of engines explode their 
boilers than others. I have never 
heard of tha explosion of but one Rog- 
ers boiler, and that from all aeoonnts 
had an over amout of preasore on it, 
especially for an old boiler that 
had been in nse for twelve or fourteen 

The theorjr for exfdosiona (contain- 
ed in the article in the June No. of 
the Joubmal) when an engine is tddng 
steam, will not stand the test, as I 
have known a boiler to be bnmt and 
pumped np immediately after, and no 
explosion occurred. Ai^d then for the 
engine standing at stations; that is lese 
probable than the other. £xpaaaioa 
is gradual, and the beiler begins to 
expand as soon as heated. So it would 
be more likely to explode in the en- 
gine house. 

It seems to be the general impres- 
sion that every square inch of the boi« 
ler is under the same pressure. This 
I cannot believe; in fact, I think it has 
been proven that such is not the case* 
In an artada in the Joxtbhal some time 
ago, in tha case where, upon examina- 
tion, it was found that the bottom of 
cylinder part of a boiler, was no thicker 
than brown paper. Suppose you trans- 
fer these sheets to that portion of the 
fire-box, how much pressure would it 
stand? Not much, I am sure. • 

The pressure on a boiler is caused by 
the accumulation of steam above the 
water, and I contend that the portions 
of the boiler below the surface of the 
water is in a degree protected by the 
water; therefore, there is less danger 
of an explosion when a boiler is full of 
water, as all agree. Water ia not of 
the nature of steam. It is not 00m- 
pressible; it cannot be compressed 
from a larger to a smaller space. 

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The ideft tbal ^bere yoa have the 
greatest ambdnt of space oocapied by 
stean^, you bav^ t|ie gr^twt strain on 
lie^iler, fk oHe of toy o€n, and if it 
it an fl^roneoaa one, I eaanot help it; 
if has loreeditsell upoa me. 

Why is it that with a large boiler, 
you cannot do as much work with a 
ftiwJl cylinder as yon can with a large 
one ? It is because you have not got 
the area in tiie small cylinder, tio, 
wh6B you have smaU apaoe oeoopied 
by steam in the boiler, you have less 
area, and conseqiKsntly tiie boiler is 
less exposed to pressure. The idea 
has been advanoed that the effiaot of 
too mu«^ steam pressure would be the 
opening of a seam or a erack in the 
teiler. That will not do; for opening 
a seam or a erack would not relieve the 
boiler of the preasite, for every time 
the throttle is opened (when running) 
there is a great outlet opened, but it 
does not relieve the boiler of pressure. 
The opening of a seam would relieve a 
boiler that was under water pressure, 
for SB soon ae it oould get vent, there 
would be no pressure. I have often 
thought that a or^k is the first start 
of a boiler to explode. Steam confined 
irill seek an outlet, and when there is 
a oradc or a seam opened the steam 
rushes to this outlet, and I compare it 
to tearing a piece of doth— you may 
try very hard to tear a piece of doth, 
bat may not succeed; but as soon as it 
be^s to tear, you can tear it very 


The cause of some explosions being 
more violent than others, is owing to 
the condition of the boiler. If the 
iron has become orystalized and brit- 
tle, it is apt to be torn to fragments. 

It has been said that boilers invaria- 
hUr blow up, or to one side or the oth- 
er; but I think when they blow up 
they blow down at the same time, and 
when they blow to the right they blow 
to the left— that it is like a heavy 
charged gun, the charge goes one way 
and the gun the other. I noticed 
once, where an engine blew up, the 
track was sunk into the ground at least 
two feet, and in another instance an 
engine blew down, and it turned her a 
complete summersault and fell bottom 
upwards. That, I think is evidence 

that they blow both ways, although 
the steam goes one way and the en- ^ 
gine Uie other. 

A\exf great reason men.are looking 
for m caoee for explosions, is the fact 
that thsy eannot believe steam pres- 
sure a suffident cause to produce the 
effect of an explosion, but by making 
calculation, we will find that the 
amount of pressure on a boiler is enor- 

Asl said in the outset, I only wanted 
to present some of my views on the 
above sobject, and if I have thrown 
any light on it I have acoomplished 
my desife; if not^ I hope I have done 
no harm. And if mv views do not 
meet those of the readers of the Jous^ 
KAXi, I am open to conviction. 


The Motto of the Brotherhood. 


Justice is defined as the rendering 
to every one his due, right or desert, 
and is only the exemplification of the 
Golden Bule in our daily life. In tiie 
feudal days, when might made right, 
and the possessor of "the strong hand" 
rode out attended by serf and vassal, 
to add whatever he could conquer to 
his possessions, justice to the weak and 
oppressed was lost sight of in the 
glamour 6f military splendor and 
achievement. But tiie days have pass- 
ed when hundreds of homes, — abodes 
of industry and doubtless of happinen, 
humble though they were— could be 
laid waste, to make a forest for the 
maintenance of the king's deer, and in 
most nations subjects have demanded 
and recdved something more from 
their rulers than mere taxation. 

Leaving the problems of justice to 
the subject, and justice between na- 
tions to legislators and statesmen, let 
us consider the claims Justice makes 
upon us in our daily intercourse with 
our fellow men; for it comprises more 
of the ''small sweet courtedes of life" 
than we often think. In serious deal- 
ings, involving important principles, 
the very gravity with which we are 
obliged to wdgh matters will force ns 
to comprehend both sides of the sub- 

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jeet, and impoBB upon onr attention 
the JDBt oonndjoration due to the other 
Bide of the Question. 
It is in th^ little ronghneseee of 

erezydaj life that we are apt to be nn- 
JTUt and nnfair tovarda others, when 
we shonld be willing to grant them 
the aame rights we demand for our- 
selves. Joetioe demands a charitable 
judgment of others when their deeds 
seem wrong to ns; that we should some- 
times scan the motive as well as the 
deed; we should at least give them the 
benefit of the doTibt» as lawyers baj, 
and if possible acknowledge to our- 
selves that they may have valid rea- 
sons for their conduct. 

If we desire to observe justice in our 
relations to others* we shall not be 
ready to magnify every blnnder, to 
dweU npon every faultt or put the 
worst oonstmction on every deed. 
When the words of oiie of onr friends 
are repeated to ns, perhaps bearing px 
them the spirit of censnre towards oi|r- 
selves, let as weigh them carefully be- 
fore we inveigh against their author, 
and consider whether, had we heard 
them ourselves, our judgment of them 
would not be changed; for oftentime 
the dronmstances which cause a re- 
mark give it its bias and spirit, and 
words, which when repeated soupd 
either foolish or vindictive, may, when 
reviewed in the h'ght of the occasion 
which gave rise to them* appear per- 
fectlv legitimate. 

When our neighbor has made fihip- 
wreck of himself and his hopes, by 
what looks to us careless or even crim- 
inal folly, and we are condemning his 
deeds or berating his stupidity, let us 
remember that justice is even-handed, 
and while we weigh on the one side 
the disaster and ruin his deeds have 
caused, let us balance aj^ainst them 
the faults of his education, perhaps 
the boyhood which had no guiding 
hand, or the roving life he may have 
been compelled by circumstances . to 
lead; the reckless companions among 
whom he may have been thrown, or 
the stress of his present surrounding 
which may have driven^ him to his 
course. And when justice to the great- 
er number demands that the individ- 
Tud shaU suffer the penalty his wrong- 

doing has invoked, condemn him not 
harshly^ but with a spirit of faixQess 
that he may feel his puniafiment to be 
only his just du^ana desert 

Let us not attributer all our fellow 
mortals' deeds te interested motives; 
this world is not an selfishness nor all 
deceit^ and our fellow-travelen onlue's 
journey expect of us the same right of 
way and courtesies of the road that we 
demand at their hands. 

Perhaps we are too apt to disregard 
the claims of justice from thoee who 
are dependent upon us. It is eanr to 
find fault with those who have not the 
privilege of answering back. When 
work is not done to our liking it is 
easier to condemn the fault t£an to 
search for the reason, and in this way 
we may create in the minds of servants 
or those who may be working under 
our supervision, a feeling that we are 
harsh and unjust, which instead of 
leading them to greater carefulness, 
only renders them sullen, and takee all 
the heart out of their work. We owe 
them a duty as well as they to us, and 
they have a right to demand its per- 
formance; if tney have done well, it is 
only just that they should have credit 
therefor; if they have blundered, or 
misunderstood directions, it is only 
fair that they should have a hearing 
before being condemned. 

In the family circle justice to chil- 
dren should claim a portion of our at- 
tention. Thev are apt to be set aiside 
or crowded into comers at the conve- 
nience of their elders in a very uncere- 
monious fashion, which has for its jus- 
tification neither rhyme nor reason. 
They have a right to be heard, and 
their complaints and questions demand 
an answer which justice requires us to 
give them, and we should bewarQ lest 
the injustice we pay to them now-— and 
which they are usuially both wise' and 
sensitive enough to feel, with a vjagne 
sense of hurt and wrong— be not re- 
quited to us again by the suUenness or 
bashful awkwardness it may entail up- 
on them. 

While upon the subject of Justice 
let us not forget the justice we have f^ 
right to expect at the hands of others. 
In your calling especially, it is a fre- 
quent cause of complaint that your 

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*«ernoefl are not recognized, and the 
«reditof jour hard-earned saooeMee 
fpM8 to lome one else. One way to in* 
Bore joBtice from others is to do iosUoe 
to yonrselyes — to joor knowledge of 
nrhat yonr dnty is. And here we meet 
again the other sections of your mot* 
to, which seem so closely interwoven 
as hardly to admit of separation. The 
man who is intemperate, not only in 
iiis indulgence of his appetites, bat in 
Hns thoughts and conyersation, does 
nnjortioe to what he knows his oharao- 
'tershonldbe. The man who adopts 
. slow standard of truth and integrity 
^.is not just to his own knowledge of 
mianly excellence. The man who half- 
^ees his work, or derotea to it the 
Heast possible time, satisfled if he can 
•mAe it answer for the present occa- 
*8ion, does not do justice to his own ca- 
n^abilities, and most not expect that ao* 
ineattedgement of his lowers from 
t)fhen w'hich he is not willing to ac- 
cord to himself* 

Be lost to yourselves; to the talents 
rand faculties which you feel you pos- 
n aess, developing them to as great an 
< extent as your means and tims will al- 
^.low, IT you expect others to accord to 
- ;20u a'^fair jneasureof praise or reward. 
*'!Beja8t to yourselves because you are 
-|miud of yourselves and your order, 
..jand are determined that you will be 
-4M perfect as possible in vonr calling, 
-..and that your order shall be known as 
worthy of respect from all men. 

And above all else, be just to your 

* Icnowledge of truth and right because 

: ^fau:a»iietermined to be upright, God* 

t$earingmen, who, being called upon 

as so many of you are, to leave this 

world without a moment's warning, can 

.f^oirom it, leaving behind a pure rec- 

•oiQ, and carrying to the Great Un- 

Ildowu a aoul worthy to enter in where 

neither passion nor temptation are 


H. A. Pooiia, 
Spriogfteld, Mass. 

^Tou look as though you were be- 
iiide yourself," as a wag said to a fel- 
low who was standing beside a donkey. 

<*8ambo, did you ever see the Cat^- 
^ill Moontains ? '*No, sah I but I've 
^eeen nm kill mice.'* 

Original and at Bandom, 

In my crude article on boiler explo- 
sions, I am sorry to notice, that I have 
given some offdnoe. I am no soientiflc 
giant, nor do I profess it. I have had 
the privilege of a long and healthy 
experience, and I have watched and 
studied closely all the little etceteras 
of our peculiar craft, so far as an onli- 
nary headpiece, unaided by scholastio 
education could permit. And I gave 
it for what it was worth, gratis. The 
only virtue I have is perseverance, and 
must use it or sink. The snl^eot is 
more for philosophers than engineers 
to discuss ; but tne former are aome- 
times made of even rougher material 
than the latter, so it may not be alto- 
gether out of place. 

Well, I again state that pure water 
is a compound of two inflammable 
gases, viz: hydrogen, the lightest 
known ffas. consequently the moat elas- 
tic, and oxygen, the most' powerful 
acid in the universe, in fact the parent 
of all acids. Hydrogen is an absorbent 
gas and has a ^reat affinity for oxygen, 
and by absorbing a certain quantity of 
the latter, reduces its'non-eustic tem- 
perature together with that of the oxy- 
gen to a solid substance, water; and in 
&iis condition continues to exert grfat 
absorbing power and general infla- 
ence in manifold directions in tbe 
mighty work of incessant creation. 
Heat, or caloric, etc. , is not an ele- 
ment, but a simple product or effect of 
electro-chemical action, such aotion 
displacing perceptably or imperoepta- 
bly substances in contact True, there 
is friotipn without sensible heat I 
can strike a blow without causing s 
sensible impression, and vice versa. 
Take, for instance, the lucifer match, 
so-called— phosphorus is placed on the 
tip of tbe wood ; it is a very suscepta- 
ble snbfltanoe, and on the least friotioa 
being applied, it disintegrates. Next 
is sulphur, less sensitive than phos- 
phorus, but yielding its quota to ths 
little rarided speck caused by the ig- 
nited phopborus, followed by the 
atomic particles from the reeinooi 
splint of wood, and then by the fibr^ 
or carbonic base of the tatter, which 
being communicated to the grate, prs- 

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pawd with pAper, chips, wood, eod, 
ete^ «nd so on, by motion and friction 
commimicated bj degrecB and force, 
until it will unelt thchArdesI known 

I vill now leyerse the case. Water. 
bjthe immenae eipanaive power it 
exerts when it ia excited by heal to 
tbe degree of ateam, ia one of the most 
poweifol and nsefol aerranta in the 
employ of man. 

Bia & thinka that ateam is not 
vater expanded. I state that ^ater 
expands so far, and then disintegratea, 
and up to a certain degree remains a 
eomponnd of two gases. By snper- 
hesting, thoae cases disintegrate, sim- 
ply owing to the fact that hydrogen 
viU expand infinitely further than 
oxygen, and as I stated in my last, 
they will remain apart, tiU brought in 
eoDtact with an ignited substance, and 
H. B. If aqueous Tapor be preaent at 
their reonion there is an exploaion di- 

The par^ who briefly examined my 
preTiona article and found so manv 
errors, would do well to examine it 
again a liule less briefly. He eyidently 
overlooked the fact that the ta^tive 
f(noer waa created in the aqueom va- 
por, which disintegrates instantane- 
onaly into the momentary yacuity 
eaoaed by the recombination of the 

Bnppoae a case : Oonstruot a spring 
jhat has an expansive traverse of 86 
inches, with power from extremepoint 
of contraction to propel a weight of 
70 lbs. 100 feet Relax its tension to 
35Ji inches, and it will scarcely move 
theeaid weight at all, simply because 
its expanaiYe force was exhausted. 
Jut 80 it waa with the wonderful ex- 
Pttimenta referred to by Bro. 54. To 
, Hpute any pore gas not connected 
lith an expansive baae, cannot possi* 
0I7 burst anything. The only fear 
would be that in caaeof a weak vessel, 
we atmoapheric pressure on its exter- 
nal lorfaoe might cauae it to colUnpse. 

Taa ancpui pniKciFLB of aui bx- 
n^sioiia m mm iiatubaii powxb akd 


1 will now briefly notice the electric 
part Of the subject There are two 

kinda of electridtv— the vitrious ^d 
resinous, or positive and negative. 
11ie former bdonam to the acid family^ 
the latter to the alkaline. The nega- 
tive absorbs the positive, and by eomy 
bining neutraliae each other, and f6m> 
into the parent gases from which the^ 
sprang. In large quantities they are 
more noisy end dangerous, when they 
combine, and in amoiat atmosphere 
we notice great explosions, by the rap- 
id expansion of vapory clouds in the 
vicinity of such phenomena. But I do 
not propose to follow this subject 
through its numerous phases, further 
than to give my own view of the case* 
in point Electricity I contend to be 
ordfnary matter in its most rarefied 
state or condition, generated Ist, by 
friction between different bodies ; 2a^ 
by placing in contact bodiea difiering 
from each other in structure, tempera^ 
ture, or chemical character; 8d, by 
the transition of bodies from one con*' 
dition to another ; 4th, by the chemi* 
cal metamorphosis of bodies ; 5th, by 
various animals, either voluntarily or 
involuntarily. The most important 
electricnd phenomena arises from the 
1st 8rd and 4th causes. 

Now, by taking this view of the 8ul> 
ject Bros 8. and 64, will perceive what 
I meant in my former epiatle in refer- 
ence to electricity being f^nerated ia 
a steam boiler, by the agitated condir- 
tion of its varioua contents. The 
most powerful electrical machine X 
over knew, waa a cast-iron pipe iik 
form like an 8, with three wood plnga 
BO placed that they kept in position » 
yet allowed steam to pass a portion ef 
their surface . The pi pe reated on an in-^ 
sulated atand, a receiver in front also on 
an insolated stand. 8team waa admitted 
at one end of the pipe and passed out 
at the other, and by friction on the 
external surface of the wood and inte^ 
nal surface of the pipe, generated eleo» 
tridty abundantly. In fact it struck 
a horse dead to Uie ground, instanta- 

Now, in point of fact few if an/ 
steam boilers are worked with pure 
water, 'lliere ia any quantity of^othev 
ingredients mixed up with it to begin 
with, and engines a great deal revened 
when in motion, take in at the exhaust 

Digitized by 




orifice ktge qaaaiitieft of carbonio aoid 
and . ottieir gasQ9 from tho f oiMoa, 
greaiBaand ATdro-carbonio sabstanoea 
from alaameoeai and oylindars, as 
well a« o^^fen and nitrogen from the 
atBiosphere. li wonld be a hard thing 
to determine what kind of a mixture 
a boiler aometimescontainflv and what 
reeulta to expect from such a conglom- 
eration of aU that is qglj. 

In reference to indicators not aotinff 
nnder oiroamslaDces when it wonla 
appear they onght» is explained by the 
faoty that the most powerful agents 
may be held in yessels, yet cannot be 
either weighed or measured. , No sub- 
stance can be weiflphed only in an ele- 
ment lighter than itself. 

FiNi8-r-With a strict promise not to 
offend by writing again on any subject, 
I am as ever, 

Fraternally J. D. 

Fort Ebie, Hay lst» 1871. Div. 68. 

Tke Widow. Orphans' and Disabled 
Members' Fnnd. 

At the Grand Internationa^ ConTen- 
tion, held in the city of Boston, in No- 
Tember, 1866, the subject of raising a 
Fnnd to be known as the "Widows' and 
Orphans' Fund," was referred to a com- 
mittee of five, viz : Jim Wilkinson, of 
No. 58, Adam Rupert of No. 3, E, A. 
Gilbert, of No. 77, M. Rickard, of No. 
14 , and C. B. Evans, of No. 43. After 
due consideration, the above committee 
reported nnanimonsly in favor of creat- 
ing 'a fond, to be known as the Widows', 
Orphans' and Disabled Members' Fond, 
and recommended that every member of 
the ficoth^hood be required to coatribnte 
fifty cents per year for five years for the 
purpose ot raising said Faad> They 
also reported a plan of having a Boara 
of five Trustees take charge of said Fund. 
After a lengthy debate in regard to the 
best plan to dispose of said Fnnd after it 
wasaceumulateo, it was agreed to leave 
that matter to the Brothers on the stage 
of action at the expiration of the five 
years, and a motion was carried to adopt 
the j^tan proposed by the committee, and 
to refer the matter to the various stib 
Divisions for their approval. If approved 
hj H two- thirds majority of tne sub 
Divisions it was to be declared a law. 

In eonforraity to the above action of the 
Grand International Division, I issued a 

circular, dated December 1, 1866, re- 
questing each sub Division to take im^* 
mediate actbn and report the result as 
soon as possible. ^ , 

Many of the Divisions were delinqnent 
in regard to reporting, and I did not re- 
ceive a sufficient number of reports to 
enable me to declare the plan earried 
until Jane lOih, 1867. A eircular was 
issued at thai date declariag the plan for 
a fund carried, to take effect from the 
date of the previous annual session of 
the G. I. D. 

This matter relating to the Widows', 
Orphans' and Disabled Members* Fund 
had been delayed so long that but very 
few Divisions paid the assessment pre- 
vious to tJie Cincinnati Convention, 
which met October 16, 1867. In making 
the financial report to that Convention 
the F. G. A. E. did not report any money 
on hand as belonging to that Fund, but 
reported total cash in hands of S. G. 
A. E. 

At the Cineinnati Convention it was 
recommended that this Widows' and 
Orphans' Fund be left as a TolnnUry 
matter, beth as to Divisions and mem- 
bers, but the Convention voled that all 
members must pay thcdr assessment 

The Fond being adopted by the sub 
Divisions, and reaffirmed by the G. L D., 
the F. G. A. £. instructed the S. G. A. £., 
on December 2, 1867, to pay over to the 
Chairman of the Board of Trustees 
$1,212.40. This was the first money tliat 
came into the hands of the Board of 
Trustees* From that time to the present 
the Board of Trustees have received vari- 
ous sums, the whole of which appears in 
their annual reports. 

There has always been a few Brothers 
that opposed this Fund, and at every 
Convention since It was adopted an eflTort 
has been made to abolish it But the 
fact that it was, arranged to run five 
years, and being so passed "bv tke several 
sub Divisions, it was declared out of 
order to interfere with said Fond aatii 
the five years had expired. Thisdsdsion 
(althoogh appealed from,) has been sus- 
tained by the three last Conventioas. 

M the last G. I. D. Gonventioa, held 
at NMhville, Tenn.i a Comm